Catalan Coastal Range

The Catalan Coastal Range (Catalan: Serralada Litoral Catalana, IPA: [sərəˈlaðə lituˈɾal kətəˈlanə]) is a system of mountain ranges running parallel to the Mediterranean Sea coast in Catalonia, Spain. It is part of the Catalan Mediterranean System. Its main axis runs between the Foix River and the Roses Gulf and the average altitude is around 500 m. The highest point is 763 m at the Montnegre.

Catmorfo
Geomorphologic map of Catalonia:
Serra de Collserola
Serra de Collserola, seen from Puig Madrona towards Tibidabo
Tarongers Canet
Canet de Mar

Mountain ranges

From North to South:

Further south there are certain coastal mountain ranges like los Dedalts, Moles del Taix and Serra de la Mar in the Tivissa-Vandellòs Mountains and the Serra del Montsià that are included in the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range owing to the geological continuity with that range despite their seaside location.[1]

Ecology

There are a few protected areas in the Catalan Coastal Range, like Parc Natural del Montnegre i el Corredor, Parc de Collserola and Parc Natural del Garraf. At the same time though there are several areas subject to severe land degradation, owing mainly to stone quarrying, rubbish dumps and urban sprawl.

See also

References

  1. ^ Gepec.org Serra del Montsià Archived 2011-07-26 at the Wayback Machine

External links

Coordinates: 41°40′50″N 02°33′20″E / 41.68056°N 2.55556°E

Capellades

Capellades (Catalan pronunciation: [kəpəˈʎaðəs]) is a town in Catalonia, Spain, located in the south of the comarca of Anoia, some sixty metres above the Anoia river where it cuts through the Catalan Coastal Range. The C-15 trunk road from Vilafranca del Penedès and the FGC railway line R6 from Martorell and Barcelona run along the river valley below the town on their way to Igualada. It is about one hour from Barcelona by car, bus or train.

Capellades is known for the manufacture of paper since the seventeenth century. A paper manufacturer in Capellades (established in 1714) specialised today in producing security paper is the oldest company in Spain. In the town there is also a Museum of Paper (Molí-Museu Paperer) housed in a converted papermill.

There is a small amount of agriculture, both irrigated (market gardening) and non-irrigated (cereals, grapes, almonds), although the territory of the municipality is small. Textile and ceramic manufacture and tourism during the summer also contribute to the local economy. Munich (sport shoes) has its headquarters in Capellades.

The site has been inhabited since the middle Paleolithic era (50000 years BP), and an archeological site just below the modern town, known locally as the Abric Romaní, is open to the public.

Catalan Central Depression

The Catalan Central Depression (Catalan: Depressió Central Catalana) is a natural depression between the Pre-Pyrenees and the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range in Spain. It widens towards the west, linking with the Ebro Depression, Catalan: Depressió de l'Ebre, of which it could be considered an eastern extension. The Catalan Central Depression is about 180 km long with an average width of 50 km.

Catalan Coastal Depression

The Catalan Coastal Depression, Catalan: Depressió Litoral Catalana, is a natural depression between the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range and the Mediterranean Sea. It is part of the Catalan Mediterranean System.

Catalan Mediterranean System

The Catalan Mediterranean System, also known as Mediterranean System, Transversal Ibero-Pyrenaean System, and Catalanid System, is a wide coastal geographical region in Catalonia. It is made up of a double system of coastal mountain chains: The Catalan Coastal Range and the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range, as well as the Catalan Coastal Depression and other coastal and pre-coastal plains located among those mountain ranges.

Catalan Pre-Coastal Range

The Catalan Pre-Coastal Range (Catalan: Serralada Prelitoral Catalana) is a system of mountain ranges running parallel to the Mediterranean Sea coast in Catalonia. It is part of the Catalan Mediterranean System. Its main axis runs between the Catalan Transversal Range and the Serra de l'Espina, which connects with the Ports de Tortosa-Beseit, part of the Iberian System. The highest point is 1.706,7 m at the Montseny Massif.

Catalan Transversal Range

The Catalan Transversal Range (Serralada Transversal) is a system of minor mountain ranges at the eastern end of the Pre-Pyrenees, between the Osona and Garrotxa comarques. The existence of the Catalan Transversal Range has made communications in the northern areas of Catalonia difficult in the past, especially between Northeastern Catalonia (Catalan Coastal Depression, with cities like Girona, Figueres and La Jonquera) and Western Catalonia (Catalan Mediterranean System; Lleida, Cervera and further west to Aragón), a problem that has been partly solved with the development of the Eix Transversal.

Garraf Massif

The Garraf Massif (Catalan: Massís del Garraf, IPA: [məˈsiz ðəl ɣəˈraf]) is a mountain range of the Catalan Coastal Range, Catalonia, Spain. Its cliffs reach the Mediterranean waters. Its highest point on the coastal side is La Morella, 593 metres above sea level and further inland rises the higher, although less conspicuous, Montau (657 m).

Gavarres

Les Gavarres or Massís de les Gavarres is a mountain massif in Catalonia, Spain. It is part of the Catalan Coastal Range. The highest point is Puig d'Arques, 532 m. Other important summits are Mare de Déu dels Àngels (485 m) and Santa Pellaia (353 m).

La Morella

La Morella or Morella is a mountain located in Begues municipality, Catalonia, Spain. It has an elevation of 593 metres above sea level.It is the second highest point of the Garraf Massif, Catalan Coastal Range.

List of mountains in Catalonia

This is a list of mountains in Catalonia, Spain.

Massís de l'Ardenya

The Massís de l'Ardenya, also known as Massís de Cadiretes after the main range in the mountainous area, is a massif in the Costa Brava region, Catalonia, Spain.

The Ardenya Massif is part of the Catalan Coastal Range. The highest point is 519 m high Puig de les Cadiretes or Puig Cadiretes. Other important summits are Montagut (505 m), Montllor (470 m), Ruïra (444 m), and Puig de les Cols (416 m).

Mataró Museum

The Mataró Museum is a museum in Mataró, in El Maresme, with a central office in Can Serra, a fortified Renaissance building dating back to 1565. The Museum, which is part of the Barcelona Provincial Council Local Museum Network, also manages the different local heritage centres, such as:

The Ca l’Arenas Art Centre, part of the Mataró Museum.

The Torre Llauder Archaeological Site.

The El Montnegre i el Corredor Park Documentation Centre of the Catalan Coastal Range.

The Can Marfà Knitwear Museum is devoted to the knit fabric industry.

Montau (mountain)

Montau is a mountain located in the municipal terms of Olesa de Bonesvalls (Alt Penedès) and Begues (Baix Llobregat), Catalonia, Spain. It has an elevation of 657 metres above sea level.It is the highest point of the Garraf Massif, Catalan Coastal Range, although less conspicuous than La Morella, located closer to the coast. There is a triangulation station at the summit.

Montgrí Massif

The Montgrí (Catalan pronunciation: [muŋˈɡɾi]) is a small mountain range in Catalonia, on the north bank of the Ter river. It is part of the Catalan Coastal Range and its highest point is 311 m.

Outline of Catalonia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Catalonia:

Catalonia – nationality and one of the seventeen autonomous communities of Spain, located on the northeastern part of the Iberian Peninsula.

Pre-Pyrenees

The Pre-Pyrenees are the foothills of the Pyrenees.

Province of Barcelona

Barcelona (Catalan: [bəɾsəˈlonə], Spanish: [baɾθeˈlona]) is a province of eastern Spain, in the center of the autonomous community of Catalonia. The province is bordered by the provinces of Tarragona, Lleida, and Girona, and by the Mediterranean Sea. Its area is 7,726 km2 (2,983 sq mi). 5,609,350 people live in the province, of whom about 30% (1,620,343) live within the administrative limits of the city of Barcelona, which itself is contained in the Barcelona metropolitan area.

The capital of the province is the city of Barcelona, and the provincial council is based in the Casa Serra on the Rambla de Catalunya in that city. Some other cities and towns in Barcelona province include L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Badalona, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Martorell, Mataró, Granollers, Sabadell, Terrassa, Sitges, Igualada, Vic, Manresa, Berga.

See also List of municipalities in Barcelona.

Since the division by provinces in Spain and the division by comarques in Catalonia do not completely agree, the term comarques of the province of Barcelona would not be entirely correct. However, a list of the comarques that are included—totally or partially—in the province of Barcelona can be made:

Fully included:

Alt Penedès

Anoia

Bages

Baix Llobregat

Barcelonès

Garraf

Maresme

Vallès Occidental

Vallès Oriental

Partially included:

Berguedà (all municipalities except Gósol)

Osona (all municipalities except Espinelves, Vidrà and Viladrau)

Selva (only the municipality of Fogars de la Selva)

Puig d'Arques

Puig d'Arques is a mountain of Catalonia, Spain. It has an elevation of 532 metres above sea level.

Serra de Collserola

The Serra de Collserola (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈsɛrə ðə kɔʎsəˈɾɔlə]), or simply Collserola, is a mountain range between the rivers Besòs and Llobregat. It is part of the Catalan Coastal Range.

These mountains separate Barcelona from the Vallès plain and their tallest peak is the Tibidabo, at 512 m. Other main summits are: Turó del Puig, Puig d'Olorda, Turó de Valldaura, Turó de la Magarola, Puig d'Ossa, and Puig Madrona. The valleys of the Llobregat and Besós Rivers, the plain of Barcelona, and the Vallès basin, mark the geographical boundaries of the Collserola massif.

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