Caspar Abel

Caspar Abel (14 July 1676 – 11 January 1763) was a German theologian, historian and poet.

Abel was born in Hindenburg in der Altmark, the son of a pastor, and gained his theological education in Braunschweig and Helmstedt. In 1696 he became rector in Osterburg, in 1698 at the Johannisschule in Halberstadt. In 1718 he became pastor in Westdorf near Aschersleben where he died in 1763. His son Joachim Gottwalt Abel (1723–1806) also became a pastor.

Note: From 1748 to 1764 he was assisted by Johann Gottfried Bürger, the father of poet Gottfried August Bürger.

Caspar Abel
Caspar Abel
BornJuly 14, 1676
DiedJanuary 11, 1763 (aged 86)
NationalityGerman
Occupationpastor, theologian, historian, poet
ChildrenJoachim Gottwalt Abel
Ordained1718

Publications

  • historical works:
    • Preußische und Brandenburgische Reichs- und Staatshistorie, 1710, 2 volumes,
    • Preußische und Brandenburgische Reichs- und Staatsgeographie, 1711, 2 volumes, 8°, additions in 1747.
    • Deutsche und Sächsische Altertümer, 1729–32, 3 volumes, 8°
    • Stift-, Stadt- und Landchronica des Fürstenthums Halberstadt, 1745, 4°
  • poems:
    • Jubelfest des Brandenburgischen Unterthanen, 1700
    • Abbildung eines rechtschaffenen Predigers, 1710
  • translations:
    • Ovid's Heroids, 1704, 1723
    • Boileau's satires, 1729–32, 2 volumes

Sources

See also

1676

1676 (MDCLXXVI)

was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1676th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 676th year of the 2nd millennium, the 76th year of the 17th century, and the 7th year of the 1670s decade. As of the start of 1676, the Gregorian calendar was

10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1676 in poetry

Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).

1763

1763 (MDCCLXIII)

was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1763rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 763rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 63rd year of the 18th century, and the 4th year of the 1760s decade. As of the start of 1763, the Gregorian calendar was

11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1763 in literature

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1763.

1763 in poetry

Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).

Friedrich Gottfried Abel

Friedrich Gottfried Abel (8 July 1714 – 23 November 1794) was a German physician, the son of historian Caspar Abel. He was assessor of the college of physicians, member of the literary society at Halberstadt, and master of St. John's school in that city.

After a classical education at Halberstadt and Wolfenbüttel, Abel entered himself at the former place as a student of theology, in 1731, under Johann Lorenz von Mosheim; a year later, he moved to Halle, where he attended the lectures of Christian Wolff and Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, and often preached himself with much applause.

Though he had a great chance of succeeding to the rectorship of St. John's school in his native place, Abel in a few years gave up theological pursuits altogether, applied to medicine at Halle, and in 1744 was admitted to the degree of doctor at Königsberg in Prussia. On his return to Halberstadt, he practised as a physician for over half a century before his death in 1794.

In the early part of his life, Abel had made a poetical translation of the Satires of Juvenal into German, which, by the advice of his friend Gleim, he retouched a few years before his death, and published in 1788. He intended to correct and publish Ovid's Remedia Amoris, which he had also translated in his youth, and to attempt Persius, but age and other occupations prevented him from accomplishing this.

Abel married in 1744, and left three daughters and two sons, one of whom, John Abel, physician at Düsseldorf, has distinguished himself as a writer.

Halberstadt

Halberstadt is a town in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt, the capital of Harz district. Located north of the Harz mountain range, it is known for its old town centre that was severely damaged in World War II and rebuilt in the following decades.

January 11

January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 354 days remaining until the end of the year (355 in leap years).

July 14

July 14 is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 170 days remaining until the end of the year.

University of Helmstedt

The University of Helmstedt (German: Universität Helmstedt; official Latin name: Academia Julia, "Julius University"), was a university in Helmstedt in the Duchy of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel that existed from 1576 until 1810.

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