Casio

Casio Computer Co., Ltd. (カシオ計算機株式会社 Kashio Keisanki Kabushiki-gaisha) is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and commercial electronics manufacturing company headquartered in Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan. Its products include calculators, mobile phones, digital cameras, electronic musical instruments, and digital watches. It was founded in 1946, and in 1957 released the world's first entirely electric compact calculator. It was an early digital camera innovator, and during the 1980s and 1990s, the company developed numerous affordable home electronic keyboards for musicians.

Casio Computer Co., Ltd.
カシオ計算機株式会社
Public
Traded as TYO: 6952
Industry Electronic engineering
Founded April 1946 (as Kashio Seisakujo)[1]
June 1957 (as Casio Computer Co., Ltd.)
Founders Tadao Kashio
Headquarters Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan[2]
Key people
Products
Revenue ¥321.2 billion (2017)[4]
Number of employees
12,287 (2017)[5]
Website world.casio.com

History

Casio was established as Kashio Seisakujo in April 1946 by Tadao Kashio, an engineer specializing in fabrication technology.[1] Kashio's first major product was the yubiwa pipe, a finger ring that would hold a cigarette, allowing the wearer to smoke the cigarette down to its nub while also leaving the wearer's hands free.[6] Japan was impoverished immediately following World War II, so cigarettes were valuable, and the invention was a success.

After seeing the electric calculators at the first Business Show in Ginza, Tokyo in 1949, Kashio and his younger brothers (Toshio, Kazuo and Yukio) used their profits from the yubiwa pipe to develop their own calculators. Most of the calculators at that time worked using gears and could be operated by hand using a crank or using a motor (see adding machine). Toshio possessed some knowledge of electronics, and set out to make a calculator using solenoids. The desk-sized calculator was finished in 1954 and was Japan's first electro-mechanical calculator. One of the central and more important innovations of the calculator was its adoption of the 10-key number pad; at that time other calculators were using a "full keypad", which meant that each place in the number (1s, 10s, 100s, etc...) had nine keys. Another distinguishing innovation was the use of a single display window instead of the three display windows (one for each argument and one for the answer) used in other calculators.[1][7]

Casio Computer Co., Ltd. was formed in June 1957.[1] That year, Casio released the Model 14-A, sold for 485,000 yen,[8] the world's first all-electric compact calculator, which was based on relay technology.

In the 1980s, its budget electronic instruments and its line of affordable home electronic musical keyboard instruments became popular. The company also became well known for the wide variety and innovation of its wristwatches. It was one of the earliest manufacturers of quartz watches, both digital and analog. It also began selling calculator watches during this time. It was one of the first manufacturers of watches that could display the time in many different time zones and of watches with temperature, atmospheric-pressure, altitude, and even Global Positioning System displays.

A number of notable digital camera innovations have been made by Casio, including the QV-10, the first consumer digital camera with an LCD screen on the back[9] (developed by a team led by Hiroyuki Suetaka in 1995), the first consumer three megapixel camera, the first true ultra-compact model, and the first digital camera to incorporate ceramic lens technology.

Products

Casio's products include calculators, watches, cash registers, illuminators, digital cameras (Exilim series), film cameras, laptop and sub-notebook computers, mobile phones, electronic keyboards, PDAs (E-Data Bank), electronic dictionaries, digital diaries (early PDAs), electronic games, computer printers, clocks, and portable televisions.

In the 1970s and 80s, Casio was known for its electronic (including scientific) calculators and electronic musical instruments. Today, Casio is most commonly known for making durable and reliable digital watches.[9] The G-Shock range of shock-resistant watches is popular, with the 1983 G-Shock DW-5600C being highly sought-after by collectors. Casio made a variety of digital watches with built-in games in the 1980s and 90s, which were highly popular at the time.

Casio also makes products for local markets, including a "Prayer Compass" watch designed to help Muslims pray on time and in the right direction.[10]

Calculators

Scientific calculators

Note: This is a list of selected calculators. Figures in parentheses show approximate year of introduction.

  • Graphing
  • Programming
    • fx-5800P, 3950P, fx-3650P, 50F Plus (2000s)
    • fx-4500PA, 4500P
    • fx-5500LA, 5500L
    • fx-3900PV, 3900P (1990s)
    • fx-4800P
    • fx-3600P (1980s)
    • fx-4000P, 3500P, 3800P, fx-5000F, 50F (late 1980s)
    • FX-850P
    • FX-702P (ca. 1981)
    • FX-603P, FX-602P (1981)
    • fx-180P, 390PV (Program) (early 1980s), fx-180PV,
    • FX-502P, 501P (ca. 1979)
  • Professional
    • fx-FD10 Pro (2014) (Surveying calculator for civil engineering)
  • CLASSWIZ (High-resolution Natural Textbook Display)
    • fx-991EX, 570EX, 350EX, 82EX (early 2015)
    • fx-JP900, JP700, JP500 (late 2014), (Japan only)
  • "Natural V.P.A.M."
  • "Natural Display"
  • S-V.P.A.M. / Two-line, Multi-replay
  • V.P.A.M. (Visually perfect algebraic method)
  • LCD (One-line)
    • fx-65 (True fraction) (mid 1990s)
    • fx-95 (equation) (mid 1990s)
    • fx-991D, 570D, 115D, 100D (early-mid 1990s)
    • fx-82D, 250D, 82LB, 82SUPER, 82SX, 82SOLAR (early 1990s)
    • fx-992V, 992VB, 991V, 115V, 85V; fx-991H, 911H (early 1990s)
    • fx-991N, 911N, 115N, 85N; fx-250C, fx-570C (late 1980s)
    • fx-991M, 115M, 85M; fx-451M,(mid-late 1980s)
    • fx-650M; fx-580; fx-100C, 82C (mid-late 1980s)
    • fx-570, 100, 350, 77 (early-mid 1980s)
    • fx-82, 82B, 82L, fx-58 (early 1980s)
    • fx-2000, 2200, 2500, fx-48(late 1970s)
  • VFD (Digitron) display
    • fx-1, 2, 3 (desk); fx-10 (handheld) (early-mid 1970s), used MSI (medium scale integration)
    • fx-11, 15, 20, 101, 17, 19, 102, 1000, PRO fx-1, PRO-101, (mid-1970s)
    • fx-21, 29, 31, 39, 120, 140 (mid-late 1970s)
    • fx-201P, 202P (Program) (mid 1970s)

Basic calculators

Note: This is a list of selected models.

  • LCD display
    • Desk calculators
      • DS-3TS, DH-160, DV-220, DJ-240D, DJ-120D, MJ-120D, MW-8V (2000s)
    • Pocket calculators
      • JS-140TVS, NJ-120D, SL-1000TW, HL-122TV (2000s)
      • HL-810 (1985)
      • SL-800 (FILM CARD) (1983)
      • LC-78 (MINI-CARD) (1978)
    • Printing calculators
      • HR-100TM, DR-210TM (2000s)
  • VFD (Digitron) / LED display
    • Desktop calculators
      • AL-1000 (1967)
    • Pocket calculators (1970s)
      • CM-601 (MINI)
      • CM-606 (Personal MINI)
      • 101-MR
      • Y-811 (Memory-8R)
      • AL-8 (with fraction input)
      • H-813 (Personal M-1)
      • CQ-1 (with clock function)

Watches

Casio sheen

Musical instruments

  • Electronic Musical Instruments (Casiotone keyboards, Privia, Celviano, etc.)
    • Keyboards
      • CZ-Synthesizer
      • FZ-1 Sampling Synthesizer
      • PT-80 (monophonic, eight patches, mid-1980s)[11]
      • PD-Synthesizer
      • VL 1 Synthesizer
      • ToneBank CT Series
      • LK Series Key Lighting (1997–present)
      • CTK/WK Series Standard (1990–present)
      • CTK/WK Series High-Grade (2003–present)
      • XW Synthesizers (2013)
      • SA Mini Keyboards
      • MZ-X performance arrangers(2016-)
    • Other instruments
      • DG-20 electronic guitar (1987)
    • Digital Pianos
      • Privia (2005–present)
      • Privia Pro Stage (2012–present)
      • Celviano (2007–present)
      • Celviano Hybrid/Grand Hybrid (2015)
      • CDP Compact Series (2008–present)

Other

Digital cameras

  • QV-Series
  • WQV-Series
  • EX-Series (Exilim)
  • TRYX

PDA/DataBank

Electronic dictionary

  • EX-word-Series

Electronic games

  • CG-Series

Data and video projector

  • XJ-S (Super Slim-Projectors)

System products

  • POS systems
  • Portable data terminals

Printing systems

  • CD label printer
  • Label printer

Mobile Phones

  • G'zOne Type-L
  • G'zOne Commando
  • G'zOne CA-201L

Digital diaries (early PDA's: no longer produced)

Game Consoles

Computers

CP/M and Z80 Based:

DOS and x86 Based:

Gallery

CASIO electronic dictionary EV-SP3900

Casio EV-SP3900 Electronic dictionary

Cassiopeia 26d06

Cassiopeia PDA

Casio EX-S600 front

EX-S600 Digital camera

Au W31CA CASIO gif-anime1

Au W31CA Mobile phone

Casio fx-570MS

Casio fx-570MS

CASIO

Casio calculator

Casio fx-991MS

fx-991MS Scientific calculator

Fx-991EX

Casio fx-991EX ClassWiz (High-resolution Natural Textbook Display)

Casio fx-7000G FullLength

Casio fx-7000G, the world's first graphing calculator

FR-2650T

FR-2650T calculator with printer for checkout

CASIO NAME LAND KL-P7

NAME LAND KL-P7

Casio-FA11

PB-770 pocket computer, with FA-11 extension dock

Casio Digital Diary SF-R20 open

SF-R20 Digital Diary (early PDA)

Casio F-105W and fx-300ES

F-105W watch (left) and fx-300ES scientific calculator (right)

Casio Sport outgear SGW-400HD-1BV

Casio Sport OutGear SGW-400HD-1BV

Casio F-91W 5051

Casio F-91W Digital watch

DW-5600E

DW-5600E-1V A G-Shock watch with one of the first Illuminator

Casio image small

Casio Edifice EFA-111D-7AV watch with 10-year battery life

Casio PRG60 Triple Sensor Watch

Casio PRG 60 AVER Triple Sensor Watch

Casio Triple Sensor Pro Trek

Pro Trek Triple Sensor Watch

Casio Solar Scaled

Casio "G-Shock" with "Tough Solar" watch

Casio Tough Solar Wave Ceptor

Casio Tough Solar "Wave Ceptor" watch

Casio400

Casio "Wave Ceptor" Radio-Synchronized Watch

Casio MTP-1335D-1AV

Casio MTP-1335D-1AV Analog Watch

Casiotone 201

Casiotone 201

AZ-1 keytar

Casio PG-380 synth guitar

PG-380 MIDI Guitar

CASIO DH-800

DH-800 Digital Horn

Casio CTK-496 keyboard

CTK-496 home keyboard

Casio Privia PX-130

Privia PX-130 digital piano

Casio Celviano AP620

Casio Celviano AP-620

Casio fx-280 Scientific Calculator

Casio fx-280 Scientific Calculator

Casio Privia PX-330

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "History". Casio Computer Co., Ltd. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  2. ^ "Corporate." Casio. Retrieved on 25 February 2009
  3. ^ "Notice of Kazuo Kashio's Passing of Chairman and Representative Director". https://www.casio.co.jp/release/2018/0619/. External link in |website= (help);
  4. ^ "CASIO Annual Report 2017" (PDF). CASIO. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  5. ^ "Employees". CASIO. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  6. ^ "CASIO Corporate History 1954". CASIO-Europe. CASIO Europe GmbH. Archived from the original on 19 February 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  7. ^ "Tadao Kashio Biography: History of Casio Computer Company".
  8. ^ Casio desktop calculator Archived 12 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine. by Dentaku Museum.
  9. ^ a b Review: Casio:History
  10. ^ "PRAYER COMPASS". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  11. ^ "Casio PT-80". Synthmuseum. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
  12. ^ "The Museum". www.old-computers.com.
  13. ^ "The Museum". www.old-computers.com.
  14. ^ "The Museum". www.old-computers.com.

External links

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