Casa Grande, Arizona

Casa Grande (O'odham: Wainom Wo:g) is a city in Pinal County, approximately halfway between Phoenix and Tucson in the U.S. state of Arizona. According to U.S. Census estimates, the population of the city is 55,477 as of 2017.[2] It is named after the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, which is actually located in Coolidge. "Casa Grande" is Spanish for "big house". Among resident English speakers, there is no consensus on how to pronounce the city’s name. [4]

Casa Grande

O'odham: Wainom Wo:g
Historic Casa Grande Union High School which now serves as the Casa Grande City Hall.
Historic Casa Grande Union High School which now serves as the Casa Grande City Hall.
Location of Casa Grande in Pinal County, Arizona.
Location of Casa Grande in Pinal County, Arizona.
Casa Grande is located in the United States
Casa Grande
Casa Grande
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°53′9″N 111°44′38″W / 32.88583°N 111.74389°WCoordinates: 32°53′9″N 111°44′38″W / 32.88583°N 111.74389°W
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyPinal
Founded1879
Government
 • City ManagerLarry Rains 
 • MayorCraig McFarland 
 • City CouncilMary Kortsen,
Ralph Varela,
Karl Montoya,
Lisa Fitzgibbons,
Dick Powell,
Matt Herman
Area
 • Total110.20 sq mi (285.41 km2)
 • Land110.20 sq mi (285.41 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,398 ft (426 m)
Population
 • Total48,571
 • Estimate 
(2017)[3]
55,477
 • Density494.87/sq mi (191.07/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP codes
85122, 85130, 85193
Area code(s)520
FIPS code04-10530
Websitehttp://www.casagrandeaz.gov

History

Casa Grande was founded in 1879 during the Arizona mining boom, specifically due to the presence of the Southern Pacific Railroad. In January 1880, the community of Terminus, meaning "end-of-the-line," was established despite consisting of just five residents and three buildings.[5] In September 1880, railroad executives renamed the settlement Casa Grande, after the Hohokam ruins at the nearby Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. Casa Grande grew slowly, and suffered several setbacks both in 1886 and 1893, when fires ravaged the town, destroying all wooden housing structures within it.[5] When the mining boom slowed in the 1890s, the town was nearly abandoned, but with the advent of agriculture, the town remained alive and well, and was eventually incorporated in 1915.[5]

One of the founding fathers of Casa Grande was Thompson Rodney Peart. Peart Road, Peart Park, and the Peart Center, all of which are notable fixtures of Casa Grande, are named after him.

Casa Grande was home to a collective farm society which was part of the New Deal.

According to historian David Leighton, during World War II, from 1942 to 1945, a Japanese-American relocation camp was set up outside of Casa Grande, known as the Gila River War Relocation Center. Two notable people that were interned there were future actor Pat Morita and baseball player Kenichi Zenimura, who constructed a baseball field and set up a league in the relocation camp.[6]

Casa Grande is home to Francisco Grande Hotel & Golf Resort, former spring training location for the San Francisco Giants. Then owner, Horace Stoneham, began developing the property in 1959. The first exhibition game was played in Casa Grande in 1961, with Willie Mays hitting a 375-foot (114 m) home run. The San Francisco Giants no longer play at Francisco Grande, but the pool in a baseball bat and ball shape remains in memory of the past ballgames.[7]

During the Cold War, Casa Grande was the location of the Corona Satellite Calibration Targets. These targets consisted of concrete arrows located in and to the south of the city, which calibrated satellites of the Corona spy program.[8][9][10]

Casa Grande has also played a prominent role in semi-pro and collegiate baseball. The Casa Grande Cotton Kings, who were founded in 1948, qualified to play in the National Baseball Congress World Series ten straight times by winning Arizona state championships in the 1940s and 1950s, and were reactivated in the 2000s. They are now members of the Pacific Southwest Baseball League.[11]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, Casa Grande has a total area of 48.2 square miles (125 km2), all of it land.

Climate

Casa Grande has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), typical for the Sonoran Desert. The city experiences long, extremely hot summers and brief winters consisting of mild afternoons and chilly evenings. The area averages only 9.07 inches (230 millimeters) of rain per year. The coolest month on average is December, with highs averaging 68 °F (20 °C), and lows typically averaging around 37 °F (3 °C). The lowest temperature ever recorded in Casa Grande was 15 °F (−9 °C). July is the warmest month of the year, with an average high of 107 °F (42 °C) and an average low of 76 °F (24 °C). The highest temperature ever recorded in the city was 122 °F (50 °C). Along with the rest of southern Arizona, the community is prone to dust storms and in the summer months is affected by the North American Monsoon, which brings high winds and heavy rain.[12]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
188033
1890328893.9%
1920948
19301,35142.5%
19401,54514.4%
19504,181170.6%
19608,31198.8%
197010,53626.8%
198014,97142.1%
199019,07627.4%
200025,22432.2%
201048,57192.6%
Est. 201755,477[3]14.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the census of 2010, there were 48,571 people, 22,400 households, and 6,547 families residing in the city. The population density was 523.7 people per square mile (202.2/km²). There were 11,041 housing units at an average density of 229.2 per square mile (88.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 49.9% non-Hispanic White, 4.27% Black or African American, 4.91% Native American, 1.17% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 21.09% from other races, and 3.56% from two or more races. 39.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,920 households out of which 37.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,212, and the median income for a family was $40,827. Males had a median income of $34,858 versus $23,533 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,917. About 12.4% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.2% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Casa Grande-Southern Pacific Railroad Depot-1925
The historic Southern Pacific Railroad Depot was built in 1925 and is located at 201 W. Main St.

The economy of Casa Grande was historically based on rural, agricultural industries such as cotton and dairy farms. Over time, the city has become home to many Phoenix or Tucson urbanites who own homes in Casa Grande. Most residents either commute north to work in the Phoenix metropolitan area, or to the south, to work in Tucson. This trend has contributed to growth in the service industry of Casa Grande. Many new businesses such as restaurants, gas stations, and retail outlets are opening throughout the city in order to keep up with demand from the growing population.

An outlet mall operates in southern Casa Grande. Phase one of The Promenade at Casa Grande opened on November 16, 2007. Built by Westcor and the Pederson Group, it is similar to Desert Ridge Marketplace (an outdoor shopping center in northeast Phoenix). The Promenade at Casa Grande is an open-air outdoor mall, built on a 100-acre (0.40 km2) patch of desert, and contains nearly a million square feet. An additional $11 million was spent by the city to fund the reconstruction of the Florence Blvd./I-10 freeway overpass.

Ehrmann Commonwealth Dairy operates a major dairy processing facility in the town that opened in 2013 and employs about 110 people.[15]

Cars

On November 29, 2016, officials from the state and the Lucid Motors car company announced a $700 million manufacturing plant will be constructed in Casa Grande that will employ up to 2,000 workers by 2022.[16][17][18]

Casa Grande was also a candidate for Tesla's Gigafactory 1 in 2014.[19]

Top employers

According to Casa Grande's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[20] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Casa Grande Elementary School District 1,076
2 Banner Casa Grande Medical Center 900
3 Walmart Distribution Center 574
4 Hexcel Corporation 550
5 Frito-Lay, Inc. 450
6 City of Casa Grande 444
7 Abbott Laboratories/Ross Products 435
8 Walmart Supercenter 340
9 National Vitamin Company 270
10 Franklin Foods 175

News

Library

The Casa Grande Public Library provides the standard services of access to reading materials, as well as some special services, including a volunteer reading club for elementary school, internet access, and a talking book program. The main library is 16,000 square feet (1,500 m2), provides 75,000 volumes, and provides 38 public access computers with internet access. The Vista Grande Public Library, a branch of the Casa Grande Library System, opened in the summer of 2009.[21][22]

City Court

The Casa Grande Municipal Court is the judicial branch of Casa Grande City government and accepted 6,609 filings, conducted 2,486 arraignments and held 156 civil, criminal and jury trials in Fiscal Year 2006–2007.[23]

Notable people

Education

The following schools are located in Casa Grande.

Public Elementary

  • Cottonwood Elementary School
  • Saguaro Elementary School
  • Evergreen Elementary School
  • Ironwood Elementary School
  • Cholla Elementary School
  • Palo Verde Elementary School
  • Mesquite Elementary School
  • Desert Willow Elementary School
  • McCartney Ranch Elementary School

Public Middle School

  • Casa Grande Middle School
  • Cactus Middle School
  • Villago Middle School

Public High School

Charter High School

Charter Schools

  • Casa Grande Innovations Academy
  • Legacy Traditional School

Private

  • St Anthony of Padua Catholic School (Private)
  • Logos Christian Academy (Private)

Colleges

Transportation

These highways serve Casa Grande.

See also

References

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ "How You Say It Isn't Clear, Even if You're From Here". New York Times. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "Casa Grande History" Archived July 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, retrieved September 10, 2013
  6. ^ David Leighton, "Street Smarts: Miracle Mile went to 'Big House'," Arizona Daily Star, Feb. 3, 2015
  7. ^ "The Birth of a Mecca, the Realization of a Dream", retrieved September 10, 2013
  8. ^ Manaugh, Geoff (April 8, 2014). "Zooming-In On Satellite Calibration Targets in the Arizona Desert". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved April 14, 2016.
  9. ^ Hider, Anna (October 3, 2014). "What the heck are these abandoned cement targets in the Arizona desert?". Roadtrippers. Retrieved April 14, 2016.
  10. ^ "Corona Test Targets". borntourist.com. Retrieved April 14, 2016.
  11. ^ History – Casa Grande Cotton Kings, retrieved February 4, 2014
  12. ^ https://weather.com/weather/monthly/l/85123:4:US
  13. ^ "Monthly Averages for Casa Grande, AZ". Weather.com. 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  15. ^ "Ehrmann Commonwealth Dairy to open $50M Casa Grande plant". Phoenix Business Journal. October 17, 2013. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
  16. ^ "Lucid Motors Has A 1000HP Tesla Challenger; Now To Find The Cash To Build It". Forbes. November 29, 2016. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  17. ^ Ronald J. Hansen and Yvonne Wingett Sanchez (November 30, 2016). "Tesla rival Lucid Motors plans Casa Grande plant". azcentral, The Republic. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  18. ^ FOX (November 29, 2016). "Electric car factory planned in Arizona to have 2,000 workers – Story | KSAZ". Fox10phoenix.com. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
  19. ^ "Atieva will launch its Tesla competitor by December". Recode. October 20, 2016. Retrieved October 21, 2016. the factory will be built in Casa Grande, which happens to be one of the locations [for] Gigafactory to produce battery packs for Tesla vehicles. That facility ended up in Nevada.. "Arizona is not going to want to lose out a second time"
  20. ^ City of Casa Grande CAFR
  21. ^ Casa Grande Community Services Department – Library, retrieved September 11, 2013
  22. ^ CG Library Notes, 8/18/09, retrieved September 11, 2013
  23. ^ City of Casa Grande – City Court Archived March 23, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ Yardley, William (September 13, 2012). "Pedro Guerrero, Who Captured Art in Photos, Dies at 95". The New York Times.

External links

Alex Torres (musician)

Alexander Ray "Alex" Torres (born September 15, 1987) is an American musician, best known for being the guitarist of metalcore and post-hardcore bands Eyes Set to Kill, Greeley Estates, Alesana, and The Dead Rabbitts.

Amelia Heinle

Amelia Heinle Luckinbill (née Amelia March Heinle, formerly Weatherly; born March 17, 1973) is an American actress best known for her roles in American soap operas.

Anthony Edwards (American football)

Anthony Edwards (born May 26, 1966 in Casa Grande, Arizona) is a former professional American football wide receiver in the National Football League for the Philadelphia Eagles and the Phoenix/Arizona Cardinals. He played college football at New Mexico Highlands University.

Casa Grande Dispatch

The Casa Grande Dispatch is an American newspaper published Tuesdays through Sundays in Casa Grande, Arizona. Circulated in Casa Grande and surrounding areas, it is Pinal County's only daily newspaper. It has been published under the current ownership, Casa Grande Valley Newspapers Inc. since 1963, and in January 2012 it began its 100th consecutive year of publication.

Casa Grande Ruins National Monument

Casa Grande Ruins National Monument (O'odham: Siwañ Waʼa Ki: or Sivan Vahki), in Coolidge, Arizona, just northeast of the city of Casa Grande, preserves a group of Ancient Pueblo Peoples Hohokam structures of the Pueblo III and Pueblo IV Eras.

Casa Grande Union High School

Casa Grande Union High School is a high school in Casa Grande, Arizona. It is part of the Casa Grande Union High School District.

The original high school and gym, now used as the Casa Grande city hall, are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Casa Grande Valley Newspapers

Casa Grande Valley Newspapers Inc. is a family owned and operated newspaper and commercial printing company based in Casa Grande, Arizona. Since its inception, it has grown to 6 community newspapers, 4 specialty publications, 3 news websites and a digital marketing division. CGVNI prints all of its publications and those of its sister company, White Mountain Publishing, at its plant in downtown Casa Grande. It recently built a 7,500-square-foot (700 m2) warehouse to store its newsprint rolls in the Central Arizona Commerce Park. Its flagship is the Casa Grande Dispatch.

First Baptist Church (Casa Grande, Arizona)

First Baptist Church is a Conservative Baptist church at 218 E. Eighth Street in Casa Grande, Arizona.

It was built in 1938 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.

Fred Enke (American football)

Frederick William Enke (December 15, 1924 – April 13, 2014) was a professional American football quarterback who played in seven National Football League (NFL) seasons from 1948 to 1954 for the Detroit Lions, the Philadelphia Eagles, and the Baltimore Colts. He started for the Lions for two years. Enke played college football at the University of Arizona and was drafted in the seventh round of the 1948 NFL Draft.

Enke was inducted into the Arizona High School Sports Hall of Fame as an inaugural member in 2007. He graduated from Tucson High School as a three-sport star (football, baseball, basketball) in 1943 after starting a 52-game winning streak for the school as quarterback. He was a two-time All State quarterback leading the Badgers to the State Championship in all three sports during the 1942–43 school year. He was the first Arizonan to start as a quarterback in the NFL.After leaving the NFL, Enke retired to Casa Grande, Arizona to become a cotton farmer.

José Hernández (footballer)

José Hernández (born 12 April 1996) is a Mexican footballer who currently plays for LA Galaxy II in the USL Championship.

KCAB-LP

KCAB-LP was a low-power television station serving western Pinal County, Arizona, as an America One affiliate. It provided analog over-the-air service on UHF channel 28 from its transmitter in downtown Casa Grande, Arizona, and was available on various area cable providers. KCAB-LP was owned by Central Arizona Broadcasting, LLC. of Casa Grande.

KFAS

KFAS was a radio station on 1260 kHz in Casa Grande, Arizona, which operated from December 6, 1956 to at least November 1995. Its FCC license was canceled on February 9, 1997.

List of historic properties in Casa Grande, Arizona

This is a list, which includes a photographic gallery, of some of the remaining historic properties in the town of Casa Grande, Arizona. Some of the structures in the list were made of fieldstone by local stonemason Michael Sullivan. Many of the historic structures in this list are listed either in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) or the Casa Grande Historic Register.

Also listed are two of the Corona Satellite Calibration Targets built in the 1960s in the desolate desert, in and around Casa Grande that helped to calibrate satellites of the Corona spy satellite program.

Included are the images of the Casa Grande Domes which were built in the 1970s for a computer manufacturing company, but were never completed. The Domes, some resemble flying saucers and others look like giant caterpillars, are in a state of abandonment. The Domes were featured in Season 11, Episode 9 of the Travel Channel series "Ghost Adventures"

Pablo Francisco

Pablo Ridson Francisco (born January 4, 1974) is an American stand-up comedian. He started his career doing improv in Tempe, Arizona.

Pete Overfield

Peter Delome "Pete" Overfield (April 12, 1874 – July 1, 1959) was an All-American and professional football player, federal judge and rancher. Overfield played center for the University of Pennsylvania and was a first-team All-American in 1898 and 1899. He served as a federal district judge in Alaska from 1909 to 1917. In 1917, he moved to Casa Grande, Arizona where he lived for the remainder of his life, owning a large ranching operation.

Primera Iglesia Baptista

The Primera Iglesia Baptista formerly the local Church of the Nazarene in Casa Grande, is a historic

church located at 305 East 4th Street in Casa Grande, Arizona, in the United States. Built in 1949, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places, on

November 20, 2002 as the Church of the Nazarene. It was listed for its architecture. The church shows Mission/Spanish revival and Romanesque architectural styles.It was included in the Casa Grande, Arizona Multiple Property Submission study.

Randy Robbins (American football)

Randy Robbins (born September 14, 1962 in Casa Grande, Arizona) is a former American football cornerback in the National Football League. He played college football at the University of Arizona. A 4th round selection (89th overall pick) in the 1984 NFL Draft, Robbins played for the Denver Broncos for nine seasons (1984–1992).

His cousin is Mike Scurlock, who played for the St. Louis Rams and the Carolina Panthers.

Ricardo Velazco

Ricardo Velazco (born May 26, 1993) is an American professional soccer player who plays for FC Arizona.

White House (Casa Grande, Arizona)

The White House in Casa Grande in Pinal County, Arizona is a Tudor Revival house built c. 1929. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985.It was noted to be the best example in Casa Grande of a Tudor Period Revival House. It was the home of J.W. White, a long-time resident who had an electrical company in Casa Grande.

Climate data for Casa Grande, AZ
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31)
97
(36)
101
(38)
110
(43)
120
(49)
119
(48)
122
(50)
120
(49)
116
(47)
108
(42)
96
(36)
91
(33)
122
(50)
Average high °F (°C) 69
(21)
73
(23)
79
(26)
88
(31)
97
(36)
106
(41)
107
(42)
105
(41)
101
(38)
90
(32)
78
(26)
68
(20)
88
(31)
Average low °F (°C) 38
(3)
41
(5)
45
(7)
51
(11)
60
(16)
68
(20)
76
(24)
75
(24)
68
(20)
56
(13)
44
(7)
37
(3)
55
(13)
Record low °F (°C) 17
(−8)
17
(−8)
24
(−4)
28
(−2)
36
(2)
36
(2)
52
(11)
57
(14)
40
(4)
25
(−4)
22
(−6)
15
(−9)
15
(−9)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.86
(22)
0.96
(24)
1.03
(26)
0.27
(6.9)
0.20
(5.1)
0.18
(4.6)
0.90
(23)
1.72
(44)
0.73
(19)
0.52
(13)
0.56
(14)
1.14
(29)
9.07
(230)
Source: The Weather Channel[13]
Municipalities and communities of Pinal County, Arizona, United States
Cities
Towns
CDPs
Populated
places
Indian reservations
Ghost towns
Footnotes
Core city
Largest suburbs
(over 100,000 inhabitants)
Other suburbs and towns
(over 10,000 inhabitants)
Smaller suburbs and towns
(over 5,000 inhabitants)
Counties
Native American reservations
Subregions

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