Carroll Rosenbloom

Carroll Rosenbloom (March 5, 1907 – April 2, 1979) was an American businessman. He was the owner of two National Football League franchises; he was the first owner of the Baltimore Colts, and later switched teams, taking ownership of the Los Angeles Rams in 1972.[1][2]

During his stewardship of both franchises, Rosenbloom amassed the best ownership winning percentage in league history (.660), a total regular season record of 226 wins, 116 losses, and 8 ties, as well as 3 NFL championships (1958, 1959, 1968), and one Super Bowl (V).[3]

Rosenbloom has been described as the NFL's first modern owner and the first players' owner.[3] Rosenbloom was part of the NFL inner circle that negotiated the league's network TV contracts with NBC and CBS and the NFL/AFL merger, both of which contributed to professional football becoming both profitable and the most watched spectator sport in the United States.[3][4][5]

Carroll Rosenbloom
Carroll Rosenbloom.jpeg
circa 1953
BornMarch 5, 1907
Baltimore, Maryland, US
DiedApril 2, 1979 (aged 72)
OccupationBusinessman
Known forowner of the Baltimore Colts and Los Angeles Rams
Spouse(s)Velma Anderson (divorced)
Georgia Frontiere (until death)
Children5, including Chip Rosenbloom

Early life and education

Born in Baltimore, Maryland, to Anna and Solomon Rosenbloom, he was the eighth of nine children, raised in a Jewish family.[6] His father, an immigrant from Russian Poland, started a successful work-clothing manufacturing company.[1]

As a youth, Sports Illustrated described Rosenbloom as an "indifferent student" but a "good athlete," and competed in football, baseball, and boxing.[1]

Rosenbloom graduated from Baltimore City College in 1926 then later that year attended the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, where he studied psychology and business and was a two-year letterman as a halfback on the football team in 1927 and 1928.[7][8] At the time, the Quakers' backfield coach was Bert Bell, who became the commissioner of the NFL in 1946.[1]

Business career

Upon graduation, Rosenbloom returned to Baltimore to work for his father's clothing company. After being sent to liquidate the Blue Ridge Overalls Company, a small factory his father had acquired, Rosenbloom decided he wanted to run the fledgling company on his own. Based in Roanoke, Virginia, Blue Ridge had suffered during the Depression. But Rosenbloom was intent to turn it around. When the U.S. Civilian Conservation Corps was authorized in 1933 and officials needed denim work clothes, Rosenbloom successfully secured Blue Ridge a large order.[1]

By 1940, after attaining distribution through large channels like Sears-Roebuck and J.C. Penney, Blue Ridge had grown into a prosperous company allowing Rosenbloom to retire at 32.[1] (As a youth, Rosenbloom told his brother Ben he planned to retire at 34.)[1] During a brief retirement, Rosenbloom lived as a gentleman farmer on Maryland's Eastern Shore, growing corn and peaches. As well, during this time, Rosenbloom married Velma Anderson.[1]

Rosenbloom's father's death in 1942 cut his retirement short, however. When Rosenbloom was named the executor of his father's estate, he chose to return to business life.[1]

By 1959, Blue Ridge had grown to include almost a dozen shirt and overall companies and 7,000 employees, leading some to dub Rosenbloom "America's Overalls King."[3] In the financial interests of his family, Rosenbloom decided to sell the company to P & R, the price being $7 million in cash and more than $20 million in stock. At P & R, Rosenbloom served as a Director.[1]

With the success of his first enterprise, Rosenbloom diversified his business interests. In the late 1950s, Rosenbloom and his partners bought control of Universal Products Co. He went on to buy American Totalisator and other small companies, eventually lumping them all together under the name Universal Controls, Inc.[1]

Rosenbloom was one of the largest individual shareholders in Seven Arts Productions Limited, which backed the Broadway musical Funny Girl, and the films Lolita, What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?, and The Night of the Iguana.[1]

National Football League

Baltimore Colts (1953–1971)

After losing the original Colts team after the 1950 season, the city of Baltimore petitioned the NFL for another franchise. Around this time, NFL Commissioner Bert Bell wanted to find a new home for the Dallas Texans, an NFL expansion team that folded after one failed season in 1952. Bell sought a competitive new owner with financial resources. From their days together at Penn, Bell thought Rosenbloom would be a great fit. Though Rosenbloom was hesitant at first to own a franchise, he relented and bought the team along with a group of other investors. Rosenbloom's share cost him $13,000. In January 1953, the NFL awarded the city of Baltimore the franchise, with Rosenbloom as the principal owner.[2][4]

Adopting the nickname of the city's earlier professional incarnation, the Colts, Rosenbloom asked fans to give him five years to create a winning team.[1]

Before their first season, Rosenbloom helped organize one of the biggest trades in sports history: in exchange for ten Cleveland Browns, the Colts traded five players. Among the players traded to Baltimore were Don Shula, Art Spinney, Bert Rechichar, Carl Taseff, Ed Sharkey, Gern Nagler, Harry Agganis, Dick Batten, Stu Sheets, and Elmer Willhoite.[9]

In 1954, the Colts hired Weeb Ewbank as head coach. Ewbank led the Colts for nine seasons and won two conference and NFL Championships with the help of 1956 free agent quarterback Johnny Unitas.[9]

On November 30, 1958, the Colts clinched their first Western Conference title. Four weeks later, the team won its first NFL Championship, beating the New York Giants 23–17 at Yankee Stadium in what is regarded as "The Greatest Game Ever Played," six years after Rosenbloom purchased the team. The televised game, a sudden death thriller, served as a launching point for the start of the NFL's enormous boom in popularity.[1][9][10]

The Colts repeated as champions in 1959, again defeating the Giants, 31–16, for the NFL Championship before a home crowd at Baltimore's Memorial Stadium.[10] During the next three seasons, the Colts struggled and Green Bay won the division.[9] In January 1963, Rosenbloom let go of Coach Ewbank and hired former player Don Shula, then the youngest coach in NFL history at age 33.[9][11][12]

Over the next several seasons the team did not win another championship but did make it to the NFL Championship game in 1964, losing to the Cleveland Browns 27–0, and to Super Bowl III following the 1968 season, again to lose, this time to the underdog New York Jets, 16–7 (the Jets were coached by Ewbank).[10] (The AFL–NFL Championship Game retroactively changed names to the Super Bowl in 1966 prior to the AFL-NFL merger of 1970.)

After the 1969 season, Shula left Baltimore for Miami after Dolphins owner Joe Robbie tempted Shula with about $750,000 and other perks.[6] Rosenbloom was furious and successfully argued that Miami had tampered with Shula. Because of the infraction, the NFL awarded Baltimore with Miami's 1971 first-round draft choice.[6]

Following the 1970 season on January 17, 1971, the Colts won a fourth league title, defeating the Dallas Cowboys 16–13 in Super Bowl V in Miami.[9][10]

A fierce competitor, Rosenbloom had a profound interest in his team succeeding. Describing his commitment to the Colts and his experience running a franchise, Rosenbloom told Sports Illustrated magazine:

"After the first year in football, I found that of all the things I've ever done, this is the thing. There is nothing more rewarding. You have everything wrapped up in one bundle. You meet much nicer people than you do in business. You meet the public, and you must learn to look out for them. There's no place where your word is more your bond than in sports. You'd never find 14 men who deal as fairly with one another as the 14 owners in the National Football League, particularly after some of the things that have gone on in business or on Wall Street. You play a part in the lives of young men, and you help them grow. And then every Sunday you have the great pleasure of dying."[1]

However, while Rosenbloom loved the Colts, due to issues with Memorial Stadium and the city's officials, Rosenbloom wanted to leave Baltimore.[2] In the next offseason in 1972, Rosenbloom completed a historic tax-free swapping of teams with new Los Angeles Rams owner Robert Irsay.[13] When Rosenbloom left, he received recognition from his players. Colts linebacker Mike Curtis said, "I hate to see Carroll go. He was a damn good owner. It wasn't the coaches who made Baltimore a winner for 14 years."[2]

Los Angeles Rams (1972–1979)

Prior to the 1972 season, Rosenbloom assumed control as the majority owner of the Rams.[2][13]

The Rams remained solid contenders in the 1970s, winning seven straight NFC West division titles between 1973 and 1979. Though a strong team, the Rams lost the first four conference championship games they played in that decade, twice to Minnesota (1974, 1976) and twice to Dallas (1975, 1978) and failed to advance to a Super Bowl.[14]

In 1978, Rosenbloom announced plans to move the Rams to Anaheim Stadium in Orange County, citing dissatisfaction with the Los Angeles Coliseum and the location as the motives behind the move.[15] (The move eventually occurred in 1980, over a year after Rosenbloom's death. The extra time was needed to retrofit the venue, which opened in 1966 for California Angels, from a baseball-only facility into a multi-purpose stadium.)[14]

Death and ensuing controversy

While swimming at Golden Beach, Florida, Rosenbloom drowned on April 2, 1979. He was 72. Though Dr. Joseph H. Davis, the Dade County coroner, stated, "there is not one scintilla of reason to believe this is anything other than an unfortunate accident," a PBS Frontline documentary called "An Unauthorized History of the NFL" suggested that Rosenbloom, a known gambler, may have been murdered.[16] Son Steve Rosenbloom stated that his father was a poor swimmer who never went into water alone, telling Frontline "If he went out alone that day, he was breaking a habit of a lifetime."[17]

The final conclusion was that Carroll, who had been one of the first heart bypass patients, had suffered a heart attack while swimming. Witnesses at the scene and the Miami coroner's office and the Miami chief of police confirmed this finding.[18]

After Rosenbloom's death, his second wife, Georgia Frontiere, inherited a 70% ownership stake in the Los Angeles Rams. Rosenbloom's five children inherited the other 30%.[19][20][21]

Frontiere's inheritance came as a surprise to many fans (though not to close friends and family)[19] who thought Steve Rosenbloom, the former owner's son from a previous marriage and the Rams' vice-president, would take a leadership role in the team's management. It was not a surprise to close friends and family because Rosenbloom was trying to take advantage of the widow's tax exemption. There was a draft of Rosenbloom's will that was to be changed so the team would be left to his son Steve. However, it was never executed.[22] Over 900 people attended Rosenbloom's memorial service, including 15 NFL owners, sportscaster Howard Cosell, the entire Rams organization and actors Warren Beatty, Kirk Douglas, Cary Grant, Jimmy Stewart, Rod Steiger, and Henry Mancini.[3]

Influence on the NFL

Rosenbloom influenced the modern day NFL in many ways, namely in that he envisioned that the league could be a successful business. In 1960, the NFL owners were deadlocked about naming a successor to Commissioner Bell. After reviewing 23 ballots, Rosenbloom brought up the name of Los Angeles Rams general manager Pete Rozelle as a compromise candidate because he had successfully made the Rams profitable.[3]

At the age of 33, Rozelle was elected commissioner. Rozelle, with the help of Rosenbloom, would spearhead equal revenue sharing of all TV contracts among the 12 league franchises, which helped make the league profitable and caused football to surpass baseball as the most watched spectator sport in the US.[3]

Upon Rosenbloom's death, Rozelle said, "Carroll Rosenbloom played a major role in the growth and success of the NFL, both through the teams he produced and through his active participation in the league's decision making process."[3]

Rosenbloom was also influential in making the AFL-NFL merger possible. He helped push the merger forward in 1970 by taking $3 million and agreeing to move the Colts to the American Football Conference (along with the Browns and Steelers).[3] He was also the NFL's first visible owner and its first players' owner, and envisioned revenue-generating stadiums and luxury suites before anyone else.[3]

Awards and recognition

In 1960, the City of Baltimore awarded Rosenbloom the "Man of the Year Award."[23]

Since his death, the Rams' players and coaches give the Carroll Rosenbloom Memorial Award to the team's rookie of the year.[24]

Rosenbloom was elected to the Rams' Ring of Honor.[3]

Personal life

Rosenbloom was married to Velma Anderson, his first wife, when he met his second wife, 20 years his junior, who was also married, at a party hosted by his friend Joseph Kennedy at his Palm Beach estate in 1957.[1][25][26] Rosenbloom met seven-times-married former lounge singer Georgia Frontiere, then a TV personality in Miami. Rosenbloom and Frontiere married in 1966, though they had been together for eight years and had two children together.[26] When Rosenbloom died, Frontiere and his five children (Dan Rosenbloom, Steve Rosenbloom, and Suzanne Rosenbloom Irwin, from his first wife, and Lucia Rosenbloom Rodriguez and Chip Rosenbloom with Frontiere) survived him. His grand-daughter (daughter of Suzanne) is married to Breck Eisner, son of Disney executive Michael Eisner.[27]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Boyle, Robert H. (December 13, 1965). "The pleasure of dying on Sunday". Sports Illustrated. p. 84.
  2. ^ a b c d e Maule, Tex (August 14, 1972). "Nay on the neighs, yea on the baas". Sports Illustrated. p. 67.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Winik, Jason (August 13, 2010). "The NFL's first "Modern Owner"". St. Louis Rams.com. Dallas Sports Source. Archived from the original on February 1, 2013. Retrieved December 15, 2010.
  4. ^ a b Eisenberg, John. "Caroll Rosenbloom: Man of Mystery". Press Box Online. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
  5. ^ Brulia, Tim (2004). "A CHRONOLOGY OF PRO FOOTBALL ON TELEVISION: Part 1" (PDF). The Coffin Corner. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 18, 2010. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
  6. ^ a b c Olsen, Jack (November 9, 1970). "The Rosenbloom-Robbie Bowl]". p. 22.
  7. ^ "Hall of Fame Members - Baltimore City College Alumni Association, INC". Cityforever.org. March 25, 2011. Archived from the original on October 2, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  8. ^ 2017 Penn Football Fact Book – University of Pennsylvania Athletics.
  9. ^ a b c d e f A look at the history of the Colts Archived March 25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, "Colts". Accessed December 15, 2010.
  10. ^ a b c d "Baltimore Colts (1953-1983)". Sports Encyclopedia. November 3, 2011. Retrieved December 15, 2010.
  11. ^ "Don Shula". Professional Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
  12. ^ "Colts fire Ewbank, name Shula coach". Ocala Star-Banner. (Florida). Associated Press. January 9, 1963. p. 14.
  13. ^ a b "Rams, Colts ownership reportedly will change". Gadsden Times. (Alabama). Associated Press. June 23, 1972. p. 10.
  14. ^ a b "History". St. Louis Rams. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  15. ^ "Rosenbloom announced Rams move to Anaheim". St. Petersburg Times. (Florida). AP, UPI. July 26, 1978. p. 5C.
  16. ^ "Rosenbloom death not murder - coroner". Pittsburg Press. Associated Press. January 16, 1983. p. D2.
  17. ^ Baltimore, PressBox Online. "Carroll Rosenbloom: Man of Mystery". PressBox Online Baltimore.
  18. ^ Taaffe, William (January 31, 1983). "Unfounded findings". Sports Illustrated. p. 54.
  19. ^ a b Georgia's Playbook, St. Louis Business Journal, January 26, 2003. Accessed December 15, 2010.
  20. ^ Zimmerman, Paul (August 13, 1979). "L.A. goes marching behind Georgia". Sports Illustrated. p. 44.
  21. ^ "Socialite moved Rams to St. Louis". Los Angeles Times. January 19, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  22. ^ Stewart, Larry (January 11, 2000). "As the Rams Turned". Los Angeles Times.
  23. ^ "Man of the Year". Baltimore Sun. December 11, 1960. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
  24. ^ Writer, Staff (January 6, 2011). "Rams Announce Their 2010 Team Awards". Football News Now. Archived from the original on March 11, 2012. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  25. ^ "Georgia Frontiere, Owner of the St. Louis Rams Football Team Passed Away Today - St. Louis Rams Football". Stlrams.com. Archived from the original on August 28, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  26. ^ a b Goldstein, Richard (January 19, 2008). "Georgia Frontiere, 80, First Female N.F.L Owner, Is Dead, ''NY Times," Jan 19, 2008. Accessed Dec 15, 2010". New York Times. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  27. ^ "Georgia Irwin and Breck Eisner". NY Times. June 25, 2006.

External links

1953 Baltimore Colts season

The 1953 Baltimore Colts season was the first season for the team in the National Football League. The Colts had a record of 3 wins and 9 losses and finished fifth in the Western Conference.

In January 1953, a Baltimore-based group led by Carroll Rosenbloom won the rights to a new Baltimore franchise. Rosenbloom was granted an NFL team, and awarded the holdings of the defunct Dallas Texans organization, which lasted only one season. The new team was named the Colts after the previous team that folded after the 1950 season; Baltimore was without a team in 1951 and 1952.

The 1953 Colts have the unusual distinction of having a losing record, despite having a league-leading 56 defensive takeaways. Baltimore had a winning record after five games, defeating neighbor Washington before a capacity crowd of over 34,000 at Memorial Stadium, then lost seven straight to finish the season.

In the season opener against the Chicago Bears on September 27, Colts' defensive back Bert Rechichar set an NFL record for the longest field goal (56 yards), breaking the previous unofficial record of 55 yards (set by drop kick by Paddy Driscoll in 1924). It stood for over seventeen years, until Tom Dempsey booted a 63-yarder in 1970.

1953 NFL season

The 1953 NFL season was the 34th regular season of the National Football League. The names of the American and National conferences were changed to the Eastern and Western conferences.

Meanwhile, a Baltimore, Maryland, group headed by Carroll Rosenbloom was granted an NFL team, and was awarded the holdings of the defunct Dallas Texans organization. The new team was named the Baltimore Colts, after the previous team that folded after the 1950 season. The 12 teams of this NFL season continued for the rest of the 1950s; these teams became known as "old-line" teams as they predated the 1960 launch of the American Football League.

The 1953 season ended on December 27 with the NFL championship game; the Detroit Lions defeated the Cleveland Browns for the second year in a row.

1965 Baltimore Colts season

The 1965 Baltimore Colts season was the 13th season for the team in the National Football League. The Baltimore Colts finished the National Football League's 1965 season with a record of 10 wins, 3 losses, and 1 tie, tied for first in the Western Conference with the Green Bay Packers. Although the Packers won both regular season games over the Colts, no tiebreaking system was in place in 1965, and a playoff game was required to determine the Western Conference champion, who would host the Eastern Conference champion Cleveland Browns for the NFL title.

1966 Baltimore Colts season

The 1966 Baltimore Colts season was the 14th season for the team in the National Football League. The Baltimore Colts finished the National Football League's 1966 season with a record of 9 wins and 5 losses and finished second in the Western Conference.

1967 Baltimore Colts season

The 1967 Baltimore Colts season was the 15th season for the team in the National Football League. They finished the regular season with a record of 11 wins, 1 loss, and 2 ties, the same record in the Western Conference's Coastal division with the Los Angeles Rams. However, the Colts lost the tiebreaker based on point differential in head-to-head games and thus did not make the playoffs.

The Colts' official winning percentage of .917 (based on the NFL's non-counting of ties for such purposes prior to 1972) is the best in North American professional sports history for a non-playoff-qualifying team.

1969 Baltimore Colts season

The 1969 Baltimore Colts season was the 17th season for the team in the National Football League. The Baltimore Colts finished the National Football League's 1969 season with a record of 8 wins, 5 losses and 1 tie. They finished second in the Western Conference's Coastal division.

Coach Don Shula was let go after the season, a disappointing one many attributed to the hangover of losing to the heavy-underdog Jets in the Super Bowl the year before. It is one of the first instances of a Super Bowl hangover – in which the team that played in a Super Bowl the previous season, underperforms the next season.

1971 Baltimore Colts season

The 1971 Baltimore Colts season was the 19th season for the team in the National Football League. The Colts appeared to be on the verge of winning the AFC East again after beating the Miami Dolphins 14-3 in the next-to-last game of the season. However, the Colts would drop the final game of the season to the New England Patriots, forcing them to settle for the Wild Card with a 10-4 record. They lost to the Dolphins in the AFC Championship game. The Baltimore defense gave up a total of 140 points for 14 regular season (10 PPG) & in their four defeats, they lost by 15 points total.

1972 Baltimore Colts season

The 1972 Baltimore Colts season was the 20th season for the team in the National Football League. The Baltimore Colts finished the National Football League's 1972 season with a record of 5 wins and 9 losses, and finished third in the AFC East. Carroll Rosenbloom and Robert Irsay, who had recently taken over the Los Angeles Rams, traded ownership of the two franchises, with players and coaching staffs remaining intact. However, the Colts were getting older and started 1-4 before Coach Don McCafferty was fired. The Colts would go 4-5 in their final nine games under John Sandusky to finish with a 5-9 record, their first losing mark in 16 years.

Chip Rosenbloom

Dale "Chip" Rosenbloom is an American filmmaker who wrote/produced/directed Shiloh and produced Across the Tracks and Fuel. He has produced twenty-five films and television movies. He was the co-owner and vice chairman of the Los Angeles Rams professional football franchise. From 2008 to 2010 he was the team's controlling owner, having inherited control of the team his family first acquired in the 1970s. Rosenbloom sold the family's remaining stake to co-owner Stan Kroenke in 2010. He is president of Rosenbloom Entertainment and founder/owner of Open Pictures.

Chuck Knox

Charles Robert Knox (April 27, 1932 – May 12, 2018) was an American football coach at the high school, collegiate and professional levels. He served as head coach of three National Football League (NFL) teams, the Los Angeles Rams (twice), Seattle Seahawks, and Buffalo Bills. He was a three-time AP NFL Coach of the Year and is a member of the Seahawks Ring of Honor.

Doug Krikorian

Doug Krikorian is a long-time Los Angeles-area sportswriter, sports talk show host, and the author of the autobiography "Between the Bylines: The Life, Love and Loss of Los Angeles's Most Colorful Sports Journalist" (2013).

Krikorian covered the Southern California sporting scene for more than 45 years for the Los Angeles Herald Examiner and then the Long Beach Press Telegram. Krikorian gained a reputation for his views on the Lakers, Dodgers, Angels Clippers, USC and UCLA. He covered most of the big fights in the 1980s and 1990s. He monitored the Ram teams of Carroll Rosenbloom and then Georgia Frontiere, as well as Al Davis' Raiders when those two organizations were in Los Angeles. He also was a part of the "McDonnell-Douglas" radio show for more than a decade.

Georgia Frontiere

Georgia Frontiere (born Violet Frances Irwin; November 21, 1927 – January 18, 2008) was an American businesswoman and entertainer. She was the majority owner and chairperson of the Los Angeles/St. Louis Rams football team and the most prominent female owner in a league historically dominated by males.During her nearly three decades in charge (1979–2008), the Rams made the playoffs 14 seasons, played in 25 postseason games, won 13 postseason games, reached the Super Bowl three times and won the championship game once in 2000. Her commitment to the team earned her the nickname "Madame Ram".Also a philanthropist, Frontiere created the St. Louis Rams Foundation, sat on the board of the local United Way chapter, the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, Herbert Hoover Boys and Girls Club, Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America and the American Foundation for AIDS Research and made numerous charitable contributions both to the arts and to other organizations in St. Louis and elsewhere.

Joe Campanella

Joseph Arthur Campanella (September 3, 1930 – February 15, 1967) was a professional American football player who played linebacker for six seasons for the Cleveland Browns and the Baltimore Colts.

After retiring from professional football, Campanella, at the encouragement of Carroll Rosenbloom, the owner of the Baltimore Colts, pooled his money with Alan Ameche and Louis Fischer, who was Campanella’s classmate from Ohio State, and they became early investors in some restaurants. The first store, called "Ameche’s Drive-In" in Glen Burnie, Maryland, featured the Powerhouse and Kingfish sandwiches served with the Special "35" Sauce. The number of stores slowly grew beyond the flagship drive-in.

In the early 1960s Ameche, Fischer and Campanella wanted to expand, so they started looking for a fourth partner. They had approached and been turned down several times by Gino Marchetti, the All Pro defensive lineman. Marchetti had decided that when he retired he would return to California to join his brothers at a gas station in Alameda, in the Bay Area.

Campanella left the group in 1963 and started his own restaurant, Rustler Steak House, and later sold it after opening five stores and returned to work with his partners after less than a year. The restaurant later changed hands including Marriott Corporation selling it to Tenly Enterprises in 1973, and it was later sold in 1985 to Collins Foods.In 1966, after Don Kellett retired as General Manager of the Colts, Carroll Rosenbloom invited Joe to re-join the football team as the VP and General Manager. Although it was a career shift back into sports, Campanella decided to follow his heart, and he accepted the job. One reason for the decision was that Campanella had a great deal of respect and admiration for the coach, Don Shula.[2]

List of Indianapolis Colts head coaches

The Indianapolis Colts are a professional American football team based in Indianapolis, Indiana. They are a member of the South Division of the American Football Conference (AFC) in the National Football League (NFL). In 1953, a Baltimore-based group led by Carroll Rosenbloom won the rights to a new Baltimore franchise. Rosenbloom was granted an NFL team, and was awarded the holdings of the defunct Dallas Texans organization. The team was known as the Baltimore Colts for 31 seasons before moving to Indianapolis in March 1984.There have been 19 head coaches for the Colts franchise. Keith Molesworth became the first coach of the Baltimore Colts in 1953, but he was reassigned to a different position with the team following the season. In terms of tenure, Weeb Ewbank has led the team for more games (112) and more complete seasons (nine) than any other head coach. He led the team to two of their NFL championships. Three Colts head coaches; Ewbank, Don Shula (3), and Ted Marchibroda, have been named coach of the year by at least one major news organization. Ewbank and Shula are members of the Pro Football Hall of Fame, having been inducted in 1978 and 1997 respectively.Six times in Colts history there were interim head coaches. In 1972, Don McCafferty was fired five games into the season. John Sandusky was named as the interim head coach for the rest of the season, during which he led the Colts to a 4–5 record, but he was not made the permanent coach the next year. In 1974, head coach Howard Schnellenberger started off the season 0–3 and was fired. Joe Thomas assumed the duties of head coach and finished the season at 2–12. In 1991, the Colts started off 0–5 and Ron Meyer was fired as head coach. Rick Venturi was named as the interim for the final 11 games. In 2005 Tony Dungy was forced to miss one game due to personal issues. Jim Caldwell was named as the one game interim. In 2012 offensive coordinator Bruce Arians was named as the interim head coach indefinitely after Chuck Pagano was diagnosed with leukemia four weeks into the 2012 NFL season. Arians led the Colts to a 9–3 record – the record being credited to Pagano – and made the playoffs.

List of Indianapolis Colts seasons

The Indianapolis Colts, formerly the Baltimore Colts, are an American football team playing in the National Football League (NFL). This list documents the season-by-season records of the Colts franchise from 1953 to present, including postseason records and league awards for individual players or head coaches. In 1953, a Baltimore-based group led by Carroll Rosenbloom gained the rights to a new Baltimore franchise. Rosenbloom was granted an NFL team, and was awarded the holdings of the defunct Dallas Texans organization. The new team was named the Colts after the previous team that folded after the 1950 NFL season. After 31 seasons in Baltimore, Colts owner Robert Irsay moved the team to Indianapolis, Indiana.The Colts have won two Super Bowl championships (Super Bowl V and Super Bowl XLI). They also played in and lost Super Bowl III and Super Bowl XLIV. Before the AFL and NFL merged in 1970, they won three NFL Championships (1958, 1959, and 1968). By winning Super Bowl XLI the Colts became the first team that played its home games in a domed stadium to win a Super Bowl held in an outdoor stadium.After the Colts owner Jim Irsay hired Tony Dungy in 2002, the Colts made the playoffs for nine straight seasons. They won five straight AFC South titles from 2003 to 2007 and had seven consecutive seasons of 12 or more victories from 2003 to 2009, the first time that has been achieved in the NFL's 90-year history. Much of the team's success throughout the 2000s was attributed to the trio of general manager Bill Polian, coach Dungy, and quarterback Peyton Manning.In the 2013 season, the Colts secured their first division championship since Manning's departure and first under quarterback Andrew Luck and head coach Chuck Pagano.

List of Los Angeles Rams first-round draft picks

The Los Angeles Rams, a professional American football team based in Los Angeles, joined the National Football League (NFL) as Cleveland Rams in 1937. The Rams began playing in 1936 as a charter member of the second American Football League. Although the NFL granted membership to the same owner, the NFL considers it a separate entity. In 1946, Rams' owner Dan Reeves, fed up with poor attendance at Cleveland Stadium, moved the Rams to Los Angeles, and the team played there from 1946 to 1979. Before his death in 1979, later Rams owner Carroll Rosenbloom planned a move within the Los Angeles metropolitan area to Anaheim, using the venue now known as Angel Stadium, and his widow and successor Georgia Frontiere went through with the move in 1980, with the team still officially representing Los Angeles. The Rams moved to St. Louis in 1995 and renamed the team St. Louis Rams. In January 2016, the Rams and the NFL announced that the team would return to Los Angeles. The team now plays in its original L.A. venue, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, while awaiting the 2020 opening of its new stadium in suburban Inglewood.The Rams first participated in the 1938 NFL Annual Player Selection Meeting, more commonly known as the NFL Draft. The Rams did have a 1937 pick, but it was picked by the NFL for an expansion team and later the Rams were later admitted into the league before the 1937 season. Every year during April, each NFL franchise seeks to add new players to its roster through the NFL Draft. Teams are ranked in inverse order based on the previous season's record, with the worst record picking first, and the second–worst picking second and so on. The two exceptions to this order are made for teams that appeared in the previous Super Bowl; the Super Bowl champion always picks 32nd, and the Super Bowl loser always picks 31st. Teams have the option of trading away their picks to other teams for different picks, players, cash, or a combination thereof. Thus, it is not uncommon for a team's actual draft pick to differ from their assigned draft pick, or for a team to have extra or no draft picks in any round due to these trades.The Rams' first selection as an NFL team was Johnny Drake, a fullback from Purdue in 1937. The Rams have selected the number one overall five times, drafting Corbett Davis in 1938, Billy Cannon in 1960, Terry Baker in 1963, Orlando Pace in 1997, and Sam Bradford in 2010 The Rams have drafted second overall seven times and the third overall two times. Five eventual Hall of Famers were selected by the Rams: Elroy "Crazylegs" Hirsch, Merlin Olsen, Tom Mack, Jack Youngblood, and Eric Dickerson. The team's most recent first round selections are Greg Robinson, an offensive tackle from Auburn, Aaron Donald, a defensive tackle from Pittsburgh, Todd Gurley, a running back from Georgia, and Jared Goff, a quarterback from California.

Los Angeles Rams awards

This page details awards won by the Los Angeles Rams American football team. The Rams were formerly based in St. Louis (1995–2015) and Cleveland (1936–1942, 1944–1945), as well as Los Angeles (1946–1994, 2016–present).

Robert Irsay

Robert Irsay (March 5, 1923 – January 14, 1997) was an American professional football team owner. He owned the National Football League's Baltimore/Indianapolis Colts franchise from 1972 until his death in 1997, and the Los Angeles Rams briefly in 1972.

Sports Legends Museum at Camden Yards

Sports Legends Museum at Camden Yards was a non-profit sports museum in Baltimore, Maryland, United States, owned and operated by the Babe Ruth Birthplace & Museum. It opened on May 14, 2005, with the daughter of celebrated baseball player Babe Ruth in attendance. After ten years of operation the museum closed abruptly on October 12, 2015 after failing to reach an agreement with the Maryland Stadium Authority for the continued use of Camden Station. The 22,000-square-foot (2,044 m2) museum was adjacent to the main gate of Oriole Park at Camden Yards and had artifacts and interactive exhibits profiling Maryland’s sports history. Exhibits included such area teams as the Baltimore Orioles, Baltimore Ravens, Baltimore Colts, Maryland Terrapins, Baltimore Elite Giants, Baltimore Black Sox, and the Baltimore Blast.The museum was housed in the former Camden Station, originally constructed in 1857 by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) as its main passenger station in Baltimore. After being vacant since the 1980s, the depot's exterior was restored in the 1990s as part of the development of the Camden Yards Sports Complex. Later interior renovations and remodeling were made to accommodate the building's adaptive reuse as a sports museum. Geppi's Entertainment Museum, which opened in September 2006, is located on the upper level of the building, directly above where Sports Legends at Camden Yards was. The nearby Babe Ruth Birthplace & Museum remains in existence as a separate museum on Emory Street, two and a half blocks from Camden Station.A replica of the Vince Lombardi Trophy from Super Bowl V is part of the museum's collection. The original trophy from the Colts' 1971 Super Bowl victory was taken by former owner Carroll Rosenbloom after he traded the Colts for the Los Angeles Rams in 1972. A replica trophy was later made for the Colts, but in the Midnight Move of 1984, the team was not allowed to keep the trophy. That trophy stayed in the city of Baltimore's possession, and was placed in the Sports Legends Museum.

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