Caronia

Caronia (Sicilian: Carunìa, Greek: Καλάκτα (Ptol.) or Καλὴ Ἀκτὴ (Diod. et al.), Latin: Calacte or Cale Acte) is a town and comune on the north coast of Sicily, in the province of Messina, about half way between Tyndaris (modern Tindari) and Cephaloedium (modern Cefalù). The town has 3,555 inhabitants.

Caronia
Comune di Caronia
Skyline of Caronia
Location of Caronia
Caronia is located in Italy
Caronia
Caronia
Location of Caronia in Italy
Caronia is located in Sicily
Caronia
Caronia
Caronia (Sicily)
Coordinates: 38°01′N 14°26′E / 38.017°N 14.433°ECoordinates: 38°01′N 14°26′E / 38.017°N 14.433°E
CountryItaly
RegionSicily
Metropolitan cityMessina (ME)
FrazioniCanneto, Marina, Torre del Lauro
Government
 • MayorAntonino D'Onofrio
Area
 • Total227.26 km2 (87.75 sq mi)
Elevation
304 m (997 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total3,279
 • Density14/km2 (37/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Caronesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
98072
Dialing code0921
Patron saintSaint Blaise
Saint dayFebruary 3
WebsiteOfficial website

History

Kale Akte (or Caleacte, Calacta, Calacte) derived its name from the beauty of the neighboring country; the whole of this strip of coast between the Montes Heraei and the sea being called by the Greek settlers from an early period, the Fair Shore (ἡ καλὴ Ἀκτήhe Kale Akte). Its beauty and fertility had attracted the particular attention of the Zanclaeans, who in consequence invited the Samians and Milesians (after the capture of Miletus by the Persians, 494 BC) to establish themselves on this part of the Sicilian coast. Events, however, turned their attention elsewhere, and they ended with occupying Zancle itself.[3] At a later period the project was resumed by the Sikel leader Ducetius, who, after his expulsion from Sicily by Syracuse and his exile at Corinth, returned at the head of a body of colonists from the Peloponnese; and having obtained much support from the neighbouring Siculi, especially from Archonides, dynast of Herbita, according to Diodorus Siculus founded a city on the coast, which was called Kalè Akté (The Fair Shore or Beautiful Coast).[4] The date given by Diodorus is 446 BC, but in another passus the same author says that Ducetius colonised Kale Akte in 440 BC, the same year he died. In addition, recent excavations at Caronia, which is clearly the site of the Hellenistic and Roman town Kale Akte, have revealed only very sparse remains from the 5th century BC, and show that a Sikel settlement already existed here in the early 5th century BC.[5] It is possible that Ducetius founded the colony on the site of this already existing Sikel settlement, just as he had done at Menai and Paliké.

Some scholars have hypothesised that Ducetius returned without the consent of Syracuse,[6] but this is very improbable.[7] He must have had the permission of Syracuse to end the exile at Corinth (the mother city of Syracuse), and he brought according to Diodorus partly Corinthian settlers for the colonising project at Kale Akte. Syracuse would have had an interest of establishing an allied Sikel-Greek colony on the north coast, without risking too much in a potentially hostile Sikel-dominated area.[8]

There are little subsequent account of its fortunes. It appears to have been in Cicero's time a considerable municipal town.[9] Silius Italicus speaks of it as abounding in fish, litus piscosa Calacte[10] and its name, though omitted by Pliny, is found in Ptolemy, as well as in the Antonine Itineraries; but there is considerable difficulty in regard to its position. The distances given in the Tabula Peutingeriana, however (12 M. P. from Alaesa, and 30 M. P. from Cephaloedium), coincide with the site of the modern town of Caronia, on the shore below which Fazello tells us that ruins and vestiges of an ancient city were still visible in his time. Cluverius, who visited Caronia, speaks with admiration of the beauty and pleasantness of this part of the coast, littoris excellens amoenitas et pulchritudo, which rendered it fully worthy of its ancient name.[11]

The Greek rhetorician Caecilius of Caleacte, who flourished in the time of Augustus, was a native of Caleacte, whence he derived the surname of Calactinus.[12]

In 2004–2005 and 2014 two series of unusual fires were reported in the village of Canneto, 136 kilometres (85 mi) west of Messina. Official investigations suggested that all of these fires were cases of arson and arrests were made in 2015.[13][14] [15] However, persistent speculation has ascribed the fires to other natural and supernatural causes. From January to August 2004, appliances, including a television, a cooker and vacuum cleaner, were reported to have caught fire spontaneously. Fires also reportedly struck wedding presents and a piece of furniture. At least one person was said to have observed an unplugged electrical cable ignite spontaneously. the outbreaks reportedly continued after ENEL, the Italian power utility, cut off the town's power supply.[16] In 2008 investigators concluded that the 2004–2005 fires were caused by arson.[17] Mysterious fires again occurred in mid-2014.[18] On March 5, 2015 police arrested and charged Giuseppe Pezzino, 26, with arson, conspiracy to commit fraud, and sounding a false alarm in association with the mysterious fires. His father, Antonino Pezzino, has also been implicated. The Italian military police had installed hidden cameras in the streets after the fires started again (July 2014). Video captured about 40 incidents implicating Giuseppe (and occasionally, Antonino). Further evidence was gathered by phone taps. [19] [20]

References

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Herodotus vi. 22, 23.
  4. ^ Diod. xii. 8, 2.
  5. ^ Lentini M C - Lindhagen, A - Göransson, K 'Excavations at Sicilian Caronia, ancient Kale Akte', Opuscula Romana 21, 2002, 79-108; Lindhagen, A, Caleacte. production and exchange in a North Sicilian town c. 500 BC-AD 500, diss., University of Lund 2006.
  6. ^ Adameșteanu, D, 'L'ellenizzazione della Sicilia ed il momento di Ducezio', Kokalos 8, 1962, 190-196.
  7. ^ Rizzo, F P, La repubblica di Siracusa nel momento di Ducezio, Palermo 1970.
  8. ^ Rizzo 1970; Lindhagen 2006.
  9. ^ Cicero In Verrem iii. 4. 3, ad Fam. xiii. 37.
  10. ^ xiv. 251.
  11. ^ Cluver. Sicil. p. 291; Tommaso Fazello i. p. 383; Tab. Peut.; Itin. Ant. p. 92; where the numbers, however, are certainly corrupt.
  12. ^ Athen. vi. p. 272.
  13. ^ "Canneto di Caronia (Me): gli incendi? Opera degli uomini" [Caronia (Me): fires? Opera men]. ecodisicilia.com (webpage) (in Italian). 12 June 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-09-19. Retrieved 10 October 2015.
  14. ^ "A Decade of Mysterious Fires in a Sicilian Village". The Atavist Magazine. 2016-11-15. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
  15. ^ "Setter of Sicily mystery fires arrested - English". ANSA.it. 2015-03-05. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
  16. ^ Top 15 Bizarre True Stories, "13. Fiery Persecution", listverse.com
  17. ^ "Canneto di Caronia (Me): gli incendi? Opera degli uomini" [Caronia (Me): fires? Opera men]. ecodisicilia.com (webpage) (in Italian). 12 June 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-09-19. Retrieved 10 October 2015.
  18. ^ http://mysteriousuniverse.org/2014/10/mysterious-spontaneous-combustions-return-to-sicilian-city/
  19. ^ "A Decade of Mysterious Fires in a Sicilian Village". The Atavist Magazine. 2016-11-15. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
  20. ^ "Setter of Sicily mystery fires arrested - English". ANSA.it. 2015-03-05. Retrieved 2016-12-18.

Sources

27270 Guidotti

27270 Guidotti, provisional designation 2000 AY4, is a carbonaceous background asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 7 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 2 January 2000, by Italian astronomers Luciano Tesi and Alfredo Caronia at the Pistoia Mountains Astronomical Observatory in San Marcello Pistoiese, Italy. The asteroid was named after amateur astronomer Guido Guidotti.

Canneto (Caronia)

Canneto is a village and civil parish (frazione) of the Italian municipality of Caronia, in the Province of Messina, Sicily. In Italian language its name means reed bed.

Capizzi

For people with the surname, see Capizzi (surname).

Capizzi (Greek: Καπίτιον; Latin: Capitium) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) southeast of Palermo and about 100 kilometres (62 mi) southwest of Messina.

Capizzi borders the following municipalities: Caronia, Cerami, Cesarò, Mistretta.

Caronia (disambiguation)

Caronia is a town in Italy.

Caronia may also refer to:

RMS Caronia (1904), an ocean liner owned by Cunard Line 1904–1933

RMS Caronia, a combined ocean liner/cruise ship owned by Cunard Line 1948–1967

MS Caronia, a cruise ship owned by Cunard Line 1999–2004

British Rail Class 40 diesel locomotive D219

Giuseppe Caronia (1884–1977), Italian politician

Dave Mackintosh

Dave Mackintosh (born 10 September 1970 in Glasgow, Scotland) is a Scottish drummer, best known as the former drummer for the power metal band DragonForce. Mackintosh also appeared on The Power Cosmic and Atlantis Ascendant albums, by the symphonic black metal band, Bal-Sagoth.

He is influenced by Neil Peart, Mercury Caronia, Mike Portnoy, Tommy Aldridge, Charlie Benante, Ingo Schwichtenberg, Nicko McBrain, Jonny Maudling and Vinnie Paul.

On 3 June 2014, it was announced that Mackintosh had left DragonForce to "pursue his first love of progressive rock" and is currently the drummer for Soulweaver.

Deborah Adair

Deborah Adair (born Deborah Adair Miller on May 23, 1952 in Lynchburg, Virginia) is an American television actress, primarily known for her roles in soap operas.

Fox-Pitt Kelton Cochran Caronia Waller

Fox-Pitt Kelton Cochran Caronia Waller (formerly Fox-Pitt, Kelton or FPK) was an investment bank focused on mergers and acquisitions advisory services, private placements of debt and equity as well as equity research. FPK specialised in transactions involving financial institutions and financial services companies.

The firm, which had eight offices globally in London, New York, Chicago, Hartford, San Francisco, Boston, Hong Kong and Tokyo had approximately 285 employees, including 60 research analysts and 60 employees in sales and trading.

It was acquired by Macquarie Group in November 2009.

Halaesa

Halaesa (Ancient Greek: Ἄλαισα, Latin: Halesa), also spelled Alaesa or Halesa was an ancient city of Sicily, situated near the north coast of the island, between Cephaloedium (modern Cefalù) and Calacte (modern Caronia).

Industry (American band)

Industry was an American new wave band formed in 1978 in New York City as Industrial Complex, their name later changing to Industry. In 1981, the band became commercial but disbanded three years later. Their only well known album was Stranger to Stranger, released in 1984 which included the hit single, "State of the Nation". Due to some pop ballads in their 1984 album, the band has been dubbed as "The American Spandau Ballet".

List of railway stations in Sicily

This is the list of the railway stations in Sicily owned by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana, a branch of the Italian state company Ferrovie dello Stato.

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Lucy Beall Candler Owens Heinz Leide (April 11, 1883 – 3 September 1962) was the only daughter of The Coca-Cola Company co-founder Asa Griggs Candler.

Mistretta

Mistretta (Sicilian: Mistritta) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about 90 kilometres (56 mi) east of Palermo and about 110 kilometres (68 mi) west of Messina.

Mistretta borders the following municipalities: Capizzi, Caronia, Castel di Lucio, Cerami, Nicosia, Pettineo, Reitano, Santo Stefano di Camastra.

RMS Carmania (1905)

RMS Carmania was a British ocean liner designed by Leonard Peskett and built by John Brown & Company for the Cunard Line. In World War I, Carmania was converted to an armed merchant cruiser.

RMS Caronia

RMS Caronia was a 34,183 gross register tons (GRT) passenger ship of the Cunard Line (then Cunard White Star Line). Launched on 30 October 1947, she served with Cunard until 1967. She was nicknamed the "Green Goddess". She is credited as one of the first "dual-purpose" built ships: suited to cruising, but also capable of transatlantic crossings. After leaving Cunard she briefly served as SS Caribia in 1969, after which she was laid up in New York until 1974 when she was sold for scrap. While being towed to Taiwan for scrapping, she was caught in a storm on 12 August. After her tow lines were cut, she repeatedly crashed on the rocky breakwater outside Apra Harbor, Guam and broke into three sections.

RMS Caronia (1904)

RMS Caronia was a British ocean liner, launched on 13 July 1904. She was built for Cunard by John Brown & Co. of Glasgow. She was the only ship in the Cunard fleet to be named after an American, being named after Caro Brown, granddaughter of Cunard's New York agent. She left Liverpool on her maiden voyage to New York on 25 February 1905. A successful 1906 cruise from New York to the Mediterranean led to Caronia's being used for cruising frequently in the coming years.

On 14 April 1912 Caronia sent the first ice warning at 09:00 to RMS Titanic reporting "bergs, growlers and field ice".

Caronia was briefly placed on Cunard's Boston service in 1914, but the start of the First World War caused her to be requisitioned as an armed merchant cruiser. She was stationed off New York on contraband patrol. In 1916, she became a troopship and served in that role for the duration. Her last duties being the repatriation of Canadian troops in 1919. She returned to the Liverpool - New York run after the war.

In 1920 Caronia was converted to burn oil instead of coal.

After returning to service, she sailed on a number of different routes, including:

Liverpool - New York/Boston

London - New York

Hamburg - New York (1922)

Liverpool - Quebec (1924)

New York - HavanaHer last voyage, from London to New York was on 12 September 1932, after which she was sold for scrap. Initially sold to Hughes Bolckow for demolition at Blyth, Northumberland, she was resold, renamed Taiseiyo Maru and sailed to Osaka, Japan, where she was scrapped in 1933.

RMS Saxonia (1954)

RMS Saxonia was a British passenger liner built by John Brown & Company at Clydebank, Scotland for the Cunard Steamship Company for their Liverpool-Montreal service. She was the first of four almost identical sister ships built by Browns between 1954 and 1957 for UK-Montreal service. The first two of these ships, Saxonia and Ivernia were extensively rebuilt in 1962/3 as dual purpose liner/cruise ships. They were renamed Carmania and Franconia respectively and painted in the same green cruising livery as the Caronia. Carmania continued transatlantic crossings and cruises until September 1967 when she closed out Cunard's Montreal service. She and her sister had been painted white at the end of 1966 and from 1968 Carmania sailed as a full time cruise ship until withdrawal after arriving at Southampton on 31 October 1971. In August 1973 she was bought by the Soviet Union-based Black Sea Shipping Company and renamed SS Leonid Sobinov. The ship was scrapped in 1999.

Saga Ruby

MS Saga Ruby was a cruise ship that was last operated by Saga Cruises. She was built as the combined ocean liner/cruise ship Vistafjord in 1973 by Swan Hunter Shipbuilders in the United Kingdom for the Norwegian America Line. In 1983 she was sold to Cunard Line, retaining her original name until 1999 when she was renamed Caronia. In 2004 she was sold to Saga and sailed as Saga Ruby until sold in 2014 for use as a floating hotel and renamed Oasia. This never came to fruition. Her owners went bankrupt, and in April 2017 she arrived at Alang for scrapping.

San Fratello

San Fratello (Gallo-Italic: San Frareau, Sicilian: Santu Frateddu, Greek and Latin: Apollonia, Medieval Latin Castrum S. Philadelphi), formerly San Filadelfo, is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about 110 kilometres (68 mi) east of Palermo and about 90 kilometres (56 mi) west of Messina. San Fratello borders the following municipalities: Acquedolci, Alcara li Fusi, Caronia, Cesarò, Militello Rosmarino, Sant'Agata di Militello.

Its peak of population was in 1921, with 10,094. In the following decade, it lost nearly 20 percent of its population, as people migrated for work to cities and to other countries, especially the United States.

Santo Stefano di Camastra

Santo Stefano di Camastra (Sicilian: Santu Stèfanu di Camastra) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about 100 km east of Palermo and about 135 km west of Messina.

Santo Stefano di Camastra borders the following municipalities: Caronia, Mistretta, Reitano.

The comune contains the Palazzo Trabia, currently the Civic Museum of Ceramics. The town, along with a few others in Sicily, is known for its ceramics painted in bright colors.

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