Carolina Academic Press

Carolina Academic Press (also known as CAP) is an academic publisher of books and software. Since entering the legal education market in the late 1970s, Carolina Academic Press has become a major publisher of law school textbooks. Today, CAP publishes more than 100 books a year in academic fields ranging from legal education and criminal justice to anthropology and african studies. In 2011, CAP released its first software package, Core Grammar for Lawyers, which has been used by more than half of the law schools in the United States.[1]

Carolina Academic Press
Carolina Academic Press logo
Parent companyIndependent
FounderKeith Sipe
Country of originUnited States
Headquarters locationDurham, North Carolina
Publication typesBooks, Educational Software
Nonfiction topicsLaw, Academic Texts


Keith Sipe founded Carolina Academic Press in 1974. Sipe began publishing after living in Pakistan on a Fulbright scholarship. The press's first titles were American editions of foreign scholarship. The first title to use the CAP imprint was India/China: Underdevelopment and Revolution by the widely known journalist, Nigel Harris. Within a few years, however, CAP was publishing original scholarship and began entering new markets. The first manuscript signed was Richard Remnek's, Soviet Scholars and Soviet Foreign Policy which was published in 1975.

In 1978, Carolina Academic Press published Plain English for Lawyers by Richard Wydick. Arriving at a time when the plain English reform movement was reaching national popularity, the book soon became what the New York Times called the "most popular legal text today."[2] The book's success spurred the firm to enter the legal publishing field.

On January 1, 2016, Carolina Academic Press acquired the Law School Publishing Division of LexisNexis. This acquisition added more than 500 new titles to the CAP list.

The firm has its headquarters in the historic Fitzgerald office building near downtown Durham.


  1. ^
  2. ^ Goldstein, Tom (February 19, 1988). "The Law; Drive for Plain English Gains Among Lawyers". The New York Times.

External links

Official website

Animal ethics

Animal ethics is a term used in academia to describe human-animal relationships and how animals ought to be treated. The subject matter includes animal rights, animal welfare, animal law, speciesism, animal cognition, wildlife conservation, the moral status of nonhuman animals, the concept of nonhuman personhood, human exceptionalism, the history of animal use, and theories of justice.


Archaeoastronomy (also spelled archeoastronomy) is the interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary study of how people in the past "have understood the phenomena in the sky, how they used these phenomena and what role the sky played in their cultures". Clive Ruggles argues it is misleading to consider archaeoastronomy to be the study of ancient astronomy, as modern astronomy is a scientific discipline, while archaeoastronomy considers symbolically rich cultural interpretations of phenomena in the sky by other cultures. It is often twinned with ethnoastronomy, the anthropological study of skywatching in contemporary societies. Archaeoastronomy is also closely associated with historical astronomy, the use of historical records of heavenly events to answer astronomical problems and the history of astronomy, which uses written records to evaluate past astronomical practice.

Archaeoastronomy uses a variety of methods to uncover evidence of past practices including archaeology, anthropology, astronomy, statistics and probability, and history. Because these methods are diverse and use data from such different sources, integrating them into a coherent argument has been a long-term difficulty for archaeoastronomers. Archaeoastronomy fills complementary niches in landscape archaeology and cognitive archaeology. Material evidence and its connection to the sky can reveal how a wider landscape can be integrated into beliefs about the cycles of nature, such as Mayan astronomy and its relationship with agriculture. Other examples which have brought together ideas of cognition and landscape include studies of the cosmic order embedded in the roads of settlements.Archaeoastronomy can be applied to all cultures and all time periods. The meanings of the sky vary from culture to culture; nevertheless there are scientific methods which can be applied across cultures when examining ancient beliefs. It is perhaps the need to balance the social and scientific aspects of archaeoastronomy which led Clive Ruggles to describe it as: "...[A] field with academic work of high quality at one end but uncontrolled speculation bordering on lunacy at the other".


Britomartis (Greek: Βριτόμαρτις) was a Greek goddess of mountains and hunting, who was primarily worshipped on the island of Crete. She was sometimes believed to be an oread, or a mountain nymph, but she was often conflated or syncretized with Artemis and Aphaea, the "invisible" patroness of Aegina.She is also known as Diktynna (Δίκτυννα; derived by Hellenistic writers as from δίκτυα [diktya], "hunting nets").

David B. Wexler

David B. Wexler is a Professor of Law at the University of Puerto Rico in San Juan, Puerto Rico, a Distinguished Research Professor of Law Emeritus at the James E. Rogers College of Law, Tucson, Arizona, and an Honorary President of the International Society for Therapeutic Jurisprudence.

Wexler is credited with first discussing the therapeutic jurisprudence perspective in 1987, and along with Bruce Winick is recognized as one of the two "leading scholars in this field." He is a consultant on therapeutic jurisprudence to the National Judicial Institute of Canada, and has served as a Fulbright Senior Specialist. One author characterizes Wexler's jurisprudence as radical centrist in orientation. Constance Backhouse, a leading legal historian from Canada, has published a biography of Wexler and his work.

Ediberto Roman

Ediberto Roman is a Professor of Law in the Florida International University College of Law, and author of law review articles. He also authored The Other American Colonies: An International and Constitutional Law Examination of The United States' Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Island Conquests (Carolina Academic Press, 2005), which was nominated for the Law & Society Association's James Willard Hurst Prize for Best Work in Legal History.

Roman graduated magna cum laude from Lehman College in 1985 with a B.A. in Business Management. He received his J.D. in 1988 from the University of Wisconsin Law School. After practicing in New York City law firms from 1988 to 1995, he entered legal academia as a professor at the St. Thomas University Law School. He became a founding member of the faculty of the Florida International University College of Law in 2002. In August 2006, he was selected to chair the Hispanic National Bar Association section on the Legal Academy.

In addition to his recognition as a legal authority and writer, he is a student of Martial Arts and member of the American Taekwondo Association.

Government of Illinois

The Government of Illinois, under the state’s constitution, has three branches of government: Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. The State's, executive branch is split into several statewide elected offices, with the Governor as chief executive and head of state, and has numerous departments, agencies, boards and commissions. Legislative functions are granted to the General Assembly, a bicameral body consisting of the 118-member House of Representatives and the 59-member Senate. The judiciary is composed of the Supreme Court of Illinois and lower courts.

H. Jefferson Powell

Haywood Jefferson Powell (born April 25, 1954) is a law professor at Duke University. Before his return to Duke, he served in the Office of Legal Council at the United States Justice Department in Washington, D.C. Before this second tenure in the Justice Department, Powell was the Lyle T. Alverson Professor of Law at The George Washington University in Washington, D.C., a post which he accepted in 2010. Before joining The George Washington University Law Faculty, Powell had been a professor of Law at Duke University since 1987. In 1999 the Duke Bar Association presented Powell with the Excellence in Small Section Teaching Award, and in the academic year 2001–2002, he was Duke University's Scholar/Teacher of the year. More recently, he has been named Frederic Cleaveland Professor of Law and Divinity. Powell is currently a Professor of Law at Duke University, where he teaches constitutional law and leads the school's First Amendment Clinic.Powell has published several books in the fields of constitutional law and legal history. He has published with presses as diverse as University of Chicago Press, Duke University Press, Carolina Academic Press, and others. He also coauthored a multimedia work, The Contracts Experience a tool for teaching contracts law.

Powell served in both the federal and state governments as a deputy assistant attorney general and as Principal Deputy Solicitor General in the U.S. Department of Justice under President Bill Clinton, and as special counsel to the Attorney General of North Carolina. He has briefed and argued cases in both federal and state courts, including Shaw v. Reno before the Supreme Court of the United States.

A graduate of St. David’s College (now the University of Wales, Lampeter) and of the Yale Law School and Yale Divinity Schools, Professor Powell also has a Ph.D. in Christian theological ethics from Duke University and held a joint appointment in the Divinity School at Duke.

International relations

International relations (IR) or international affairs (IA) — commonly also referred to as international studies (IS), global studies (GS), or global affairs (GA) — is the study of interconnectedness of politics, economics and law on a global level. Depending on the academic institution, it is either a field of political science, an interdisciplinary academic field similar to global studies, or an entirely independent academic discipline in which students take a variety of internationally focused courses in social science and humanities disciplines. In all cases, the field studies relationships between political entities (polities) such as sovereign states, inter-governmental organizations (IGOs), international non-governmental organizations (INGOs), other non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and multinational corporations (MNCs), and the wider world-systems produced by this interaction. International relations is an academic and a public policy field, and so can be positive and normative, because it analyses and formulates the foreign policy of a given state.

As political activity, international relations dates from the time of the Greek historian Thucydides (c. 460–395 BC), and, in the early 20th century, became a discrete academic field (no. 5901 in the 4-digit UNESCO Nomenclature) within political science. In practice, international relations and international affairs forms a separate academic program or field from political science, and the courses taught therein are highly interdisciplinary.For example, international relations draws from the fields of politics, economics, international law, communication studies, history, demography, geography, sociology, anthropology, criminology, psychology, and gender studies. The scope of international relations encompasses issues such as globalization, diplomatic relations, state sovereignty, international security, ecological sustainability, nuclear proliferation, nationalism, economic development, global finance, terrorism, and human rights.

Law of Florida

The law of Florida consists of several levels, including constitutional, statutory, and regulatory law, as well as case law and local law. The Florida Statutes form the general statutory law of Florida.

Law of Illinois

The law of Illinois consists of several levels, including constitutional, statutory, and regulatory law, as well as case law and local law. The Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) form the general statutory law.

Lori Ringhand

Lori Ringhand is a professor of law at the University of Georgia. Ringhand researches the voting patterns and practices U.S. Supreme Court Justices.

She is the co-author of "Supreme Court Confirmation Hearings and Constitutional Change" (Cambridge University Press, with Paul M. Collins) as well as a constitutional law casebook, "Constitutional Law: A Context and Practice Casebook" (Carolina Academic Press, with David S. Schwartz). Her work has been published in academic journals such as the University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law, Constitutional Commentary, the Columbia Journal of Transnational Law and the Oxford Journal of Legal Studies.

Ringhand received her B.A. from the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, her J.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and her B.C.L. from the University of Oxford.

On July 31, 2018, she testified in the U.S. Senate Judiciary committee in support of breaking up the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals.

Matthew Barnett Robinson

Matthew Barnett Robinson (born 1970 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida) is a Criminologist at Appalachian State University (ASU) in Boone, North Carolina.

After receiving his PhD from the Florida State University School of Criminology & Criminal Justice, he accepted a position as Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science and Criminal Justice at ASU in 1997, and is now a Full Professor. This is now the Department of Government & Justice Studies.

Rodney A. Smolla

Rodney A. Smolla, is an American award-winning author and First Amendment scholar. He is currently the dean of the Widener University Delaware Law School. He was the 11th president of Furman University. In 2015, it was announced that on 1 July of that year, Smolla would become the Dean of the newly separate Delaware Law School of Widener University.Smolla went to Yale University as an undergraduate and also to Duke University Law School, where he finished first in his class. After his graduation, Smolla served as a clerk for Charles Clark, a judge on the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, in 1978–1979.Smolla began his academic career at the DePaul University College of Law in 1980. After teaching at the University of Illinois College of Law, the University of Arkansas School of Law, and the University of Denver College of Law, he served as a professor at William & Mary Law School, where he was also director of the Institute of Bill of Rights Law. In 2003, he was named Dean of the University of Richmond School of Law. Smolla became Dean of Washington and Lee University School of Law on 1 July 2007, where he established their innovative third-year law program. He was a visiting professor at Duke University Law School and the University of Melbourne Law School. In 2002, Smolla argued Virginia v. Black before the Supreme Court of the United States. The case revolved around the constitutionality of Virginia's cross burning statute.Smolla serves on the board of directors of the Media General Corporation. He has served on numerous other civic, community, and professional boards.

Smolla was the Director of the Annenberg Washington Program Libel Reform Project, and author of the Annenberg Libel Reform Report that emerged from the blue ribbon task force on that project. He has also testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee on the topic of the reporter's privilege.He is the author of several books on the law and First Amendment issues, including Jerry Falwell v. Larry Flynt: The First Amendment on Trial, and Deliberate Intent: A Lawyer Tells the True Story of Murder by the Book. Deliberate Intent described his involvement in the notorious Hit Man book case. Smolla successfully represented the families of three murder victims in a suit against the publisher of a murder instruction manual used by a hit man for guidance to carry out the murders. The book was made into a television movie by Fox and the FX Cable Network, and actor Timothy Hutton portrayed Smolla. His book Free Speech in an Open Society won the William O. Douglas Prize. He edited A Year in the Life of the Supreme Court, which won the ABA Silver Gavel Award.Smolla has also written extensively for the legal academic world, including the legal treatise Smolla and Nimmer on Freedom of Speech (Thomson Reuters West, 3 volumes, 1996); Federal Civil Rights Acts (West Group, 2 volumes, 1994); and Law of Defamation (Thomson Reuters West 2nd Edition 2000, 2 volumes); and Law of Lawyer Advertising (2 volumes, Thomson Reuters West 2006). He is also the author of a case book on First Amendment law, The First Amendment: Freedom of Expression, Regulation of Mass Media, Freedom of Religion (Carolina Academic Press 1999), and the co-author of a constitutional law case book, Constitutional Law: Structure and Rights in Our Federal System with Professor William Banks, 6th Edition, Lexis Nexis 2010.

Ronald J. Bacigal

Ronald J. Bacigal is a professor of law at the University of Richmond School of Law. He is "nationally recognized as one of the leading scholars of Fourth Amendment Law."Bacigal graduated from Concord University and Washington and Lee University School of Law. In addition, he spent time at The Hague as a Fulbright Scholar. Professor Bacigal has taught at Richmond since 1971 and has been a professor since 1973. He is the reporter for criminal law decisions of the Court of Appeals of Virginia.He has earned a number of awards, including the 2008 Harry L. Carrico Professionalism Award (presented by the Virginia State Bar), the Outstanding Faculty Award from the Virginia State Council of Higher Education in 1990, and is a two-time recipient of the University of Richmond Distinguished Educator Award. Bacigal has authored a number of texts used in both educational and legal settings, including Criminal Procedure: Cases, Problems, Exercises (West Publishing Co. 3rd ed. 2007) (2nd ed. 2004) (1sted. 2001) (with four other authors and annual supplements) and Criminal Law and Procedure: An Introduction (West Publishing Co. 2nd ed. 2001)(1st ed. 1996), May It Please The Court: A Biography of Judge Robert R. Merhige, Jr. (University Press of America 1992), The Limits of Litigation: The Dalkon Shield Controversy (Carolina Academic Press 1990) and many books concerning Virginia law and procedure. He has also published numerous papers.

Ronald K. L. Collins

Ronald K.L. Collins is the co-director of the History Book Festival. He was the Harold S. Shefelman Scholar at the University of Washington School of Law, and from 2002 to 2009, a scholar at the Newseum's First Amendment Center.

Stacy Leeds

Stacy L. Leeds (born 1971) is an American Law professor, scholar, and former Supreme Court Justice for the Cherokee Nation. She is currently the Dean of the University of Arkansas School of Law, a post she has held since 2011. She was a candidate for Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation in 2007.

The Ark (Duke University)

The Ark is a building on the East Campus of Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. It serves as an instructional and rehearsal studio for the Duke Dance Program. Built in 1898 as Angier B. Duke Gymnasium, The Ark became the first home for the Duke Blue Devils men's basketball team, then known as Trinity College, in 1906. The team moved after the 1923 season, upon the completion of Alumni Memorial Gymnasium. The Ark's current name is derived from the narrow walkway that was originally used to reach the building, forcing people to enter "two-by-two".

Theo Brown

Theo Brown (16 December 1914 – 3 February 1993) was a British scholar of Devon folklore. She was lecturer in Comparative Religion at Exeter University.

Thomas K. Clancy

Thomas K. Clancy is a professor emeritus at the University of Mississippi School of Law and lectures nationally on cyber crime and the Fourth Amendment, which regulates governmental searches and seizures. He previously served as the Director of the National Center for Justice and the Rule of Law at the University of Mississippi School of Law, where he was a Research Professor. He took emeritus status on July 1, 2014. Clancy received his B.A. from the University of Notre Dame, and is a graduate of Vermont Law School.Clancy's publications focus on the history, structure, and purpose of the Fourth Amendment, including the acquisition by the government of digital evidence. Works by Clancy include Cyber Crime and Digital Evidence: Materials and Cases, LexisNexis 2011, ISBN 978-1422494080. A second edition of that book was published in December, 2014. ISBN 978-1-6328-0915-5. He has also published a treatise on search and seizure entitled The Fourth Amendment: Its History and Interpretation, Carolina Academic Press 2008, ISBN 978-1594604126. A second edition of "The Fourth Amendment: Its History and Interpretation" was published in January, 2014. ISBN 978-1-61163-174-6. His many law review articles on the Fourth Amendment are available at:

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