Carol Heiss

Carol Elizabeth Heiss Jenkins (born January 20, 1940) is an American former figure skater and actress. Competing in ladies' singles, she became the 1960 Olympic champion, the 1956 Olympic silver medalist, and a five-time World champion (1956–1960).

Carol Heiss Jenkins
Carol Heiss 1960
Carol Heiss in 1960
Personal information
Country represented United States
BornJanuary 20, 1940 (age 79)
New York City, U.S.
Former coachPierre Brunet
Skating clubSkating Club of New York[1]



Heiss started skating as a six-year-old in New York.[2][3] She was coached by Pierre Brunet. She first came to national prominence in 1951, when she won the U.S. novice ladies' title, at age 11. She won the U.S. junior ladies' title in 1952, and then moved up to the senior level in 1953. From 1953 to 1956, she finished second to Tenley Albright at the national championships. She competed with a slashed Achilles' tendon at the 1954 U.S. Championships.[4]

Heiss was named in the U.S. team to the 1956 Winter Olympics in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy. She won the silver medal, while Albright took the gold. However, at the following World Championships, in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, West Germany, Heiss defeated Albright for the title; it was the first of her five consecutive world titles.

After the 1956 Winter Olympics, Heiss had offers to turn professional and skate in ice shows. But her mother, Marie Heiss, was quite ill with cancer at the time, and before her death in October 1956, she asked Carol to stay an amateur to win a gold medal for her. Between 1957 and 1960, Heiss dominated women's figure skating like nobody since Sonja Henie. She was the World and U.S. Champion each year, and at the 1960 Winter Olympics in Squaw Valley, California, Heiss captured the gold medal, being ranked first by all nine judges. She also took the Olympic Oath as representative of the organizing country to open the 1960 games.[5] By winning the 1960 World Championships held after the Olympics, Heiss became one of three women to have won five consecutive World Championships. She then retired from competitive skating.[1][2]

In 1953, Heiss became the first female skater to land a double Axel jump. One of her trademarks was performing a series of alternating clockwise and counterclockwise single Axels.[6] She normally rotated her jumps clockwise and spins counterclockwise; it is much more common for skaters to do both in the same direction (usually counterclockwise).

Heiss was inducted into the World Figure Skating Hall of Fame and the United States Figure Skating Hall of Fame.[2]


Snow White and the Three Stooges-Promo3
Snow White Carol Heiss and Prince Charming Edson Stroll in Snow White and the Three Stooges, 1961

Heiss played the female lead in the 1961 film Snow White and the Three Stooges. In the late 1970s, she began coaching several skaters in Lakewood, Ohio. Her former students include Timothy Goebel, Tonia Kwiatkowski and Miki Ando.[2]

Personal life

Carol Heiss was born on January 20, 1940, in New York City, and grew up Ozone Park, Queens.[1][2][3] Her younger sister and brother, Nancy Heiss and Bruce Heiss, were also elite figure skating competitors. During the 1950s, the three skating Heiss siblings were featured in publications such as Life magazine.[7]

During her run of world titles, Heiss attended New York University, graduating after the 1960 Winter Olympics.[8] In 1961, she married American figure skater Hayes Alan Jenkins, who had won the 1956 Olympic gold medal.[1] They have three children together.[9]


Event 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960
Winter Olympics 2nd 1st
World Championships 4th 2nd 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
North American Champ. 2nd 2nd 1st 1st
U.S. Championships 2nd 2nd 2nd 2nd 1st 1st 1st 1st


  1. ^ a b c d "Carol Heiss". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on August 8, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Carol Heiss Jenkins". Archived from the original on May 28, 2006.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  3. ^ a b "CAROL HEISS GAINS 3D WORLD CROWN IN FIGURE SKATING; Ozone Park Girl Adds to Her Compulsory Phase Lead in Free-Style Exhibition". The New York Times. February 16, 1958. Retrieved November 11, 2007. Carol Heiss of Ozone Park, Queens, Miss Personality of the ice, skated off with her third world figure skating championship tonight with a perfectly-executed freestyle exhibition.
  4. ^ Elliott, Helene (January 7, 2002). "In Long Run, Little Things Remain". Los Angeles Times.
  5. ^ File:Carol Heiss 1960 oath.jpg
  6. ^ The United States Championships, Skating magazine, March 1960
  7. ^ "Heiss sibling photos".
  8. ^ Hughes, Sarah (May 8, 2012). "Hughes blog: Gracious Heiss goes into NYU hall".
  9. ^ Reinhard, Katherine (January 8, 1998). "Heiss Jenkins Is Going For More Gold In 2002 * 1960 Olympic Titlist Hopes A Student Finishes First In Salt Lake City". The Morning Call. Archived from the original on August 8, 2017.

External links

1959 U.S. Figure Skating Championships

The 1959 United States Figure Skating Championships was an event organized by U.S. Figure Skating to determine the U.S. national champions and the U.S. team for the 1959 World Championships. Medals were awarded in three colors: gold (first), silver (second), and bronze (third) in four disciplines – men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing – across three levels: senior, junior, and novice. The event was held from January 29 through February 2 in Rochester, New York under the joint sponsorship of the Genesee Figure Skating Club and the Rochester Junior Chamber of Commerce. The main competition rink was the Community War Memorial, while the compulsory figures competition and practices were held at the Ritter-Clark Rink.

In all four senior divisions, the previous year's champions successfully defended their titles. In the men's competition, David Jenkins won both the figures and the free skating portions, although he was closely pressed by Tim Brown in the first three figures. Jenkins's free skating was also of a very high standard. Carol Heiss gave one of the best free skating performances of her career in the ladies' competition. Carol's sister Nancy Heiss took the silver medal, with Barbara Ann Roles placing third in her first season as a senior-level competitor. Nancy Ludington and Ron Ludington repeated as pair champions in an event where all six teams entered gave fine performances. Ron Ludington also competed in the dance division, where he won the bronze medal with Judy Ann Lamar. The dance title once again went to Andree Jacoby and Donald Jacoby, who had married since winning their first national championship the year before.

1960 U.S. Figure Skating Championships

The 1960 United States Figure Skating Championships was an event organized by U.S. Figure Skating to determine the U.S. national champions and the U.S. teams for the 1960 Winter Olympics and 1960 World Championships. Medals were awarded in three colors: gold (first), silver (second), and bronze (third) in four disciplines – men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing – across three levels: senior, junior, and novice. The event was held at the Civic Ice Arena in Seattle from January 27 through 30, 1960.

In the men's, ladies', and pairs' divisions, the competitions were won by the defending champions David Jenkins, Carol Heiss, and Nancy Ludington / Ron Ludington (respectively), while the vacant dance title was won by the previous year's silver medalists, Margie Ackles / Charles Phillips.

Heiss built up a large lead in the compulsory figures which meant her title was never in serious doubt. However, Barbara Ann Roles captured the audience with an outstanding free skating performance. Tim Brown won the men's compulsory figures competition over Jenkins, but Jenkins responded with a superior free skate that included two triple jumps. He received no mark lower than 5.8 for this performance and won the title on a 4-1 ordinal decision.

Heiss and Jenkins went on to capture gold medals in their disciplines in the 1960 Winter Olympics, while Roles and the Ludingtons won bronze medals at the Games. At the 1960 World Championships, Heiss finished first and Roles came in third.

Donald Jackson

Donald George Jackson, (born April 2, 1940) is a Canadian retired figure skater. He captured four Canadian titles and a bronze medal at the 1960 Winter Olympics. At the 1962 World Figure Skating Championships in Prague, Czechoslovakia, he landed the first triple lutz jump in international competition and won the competition.Jackson was coached by Pierre Brunet in New York City, where he lived with the family of 1960 Olympic Champion Carol Heiss.In 1997, he was made a Member of the Order of Canada. In 2012 he was made a member of the Order of Ontario.Jackson is the former director of skating and was also a coach at the Minto Skating Club in Ottawa, Ontario.Donald Jackson was inducted into the Ontario Sports Hall of Fame in 2001.He was in the first induction of the Lisgar Collegiate Institute Athletic Wall of Fame, as part of the 160th Anniversary celebrations. In May 2016, Jackson appeared at a couple of Stars on Ice shows in Canada, performing a duet with Kurt Browning. His part included an Axel jump and a waltz jump. He was 76 years old.

Douglas Ramsay

Douglas Ramsay (1945 – February 15, 1961) was an American figure skater who competed in men's singles.

Known as "Dick Button Jr.", he early won the reputation of being a particularly charismatic free skater and an audience favorite. After placing 4th at the Junior level at the 1959 United States Figure Skating Championships, in 1960 he narrowly won the Junior title over Bruce Heiss (brother of Carol Heiss) and Frank Carroll with a performance described as "dazzling".Ramsay was the only skater to perform a triple jump at the 1961 United States Figure Skating Championships, where he finished only fourth due to a poor performance in compulsory figures. However, due to the illness of bronze medalist Tim Brown, he was selected to compete at the 1961 North American Figure Skating Championships and World Figure Skating Championships as the alternate. At the North American Championships in Philadelphia, Ramsay again established himself as "the darling of the audience" and finished fourth in spite of missing a double axel.Ramsey grew up in Detroit. His grade school, Thomas A. Edison, where he practiced skating on a rink they would flood every winter, renamed the park adjacent to the playground in his memory.

Ramsay was en route to the World Championships in 1961 when his plane (Sabena Flight 548) crashed near Brussels, Belgium, killing all on board. He was 16 at the time of his death.

Eastern Sectional Figure Skating Championships

The Eastern Sectional Figure Skating Championships is an annual figure skating competition sanctioned by U.S. Figure Skating which has been held since 1938.

Skaters compete in five levels: Senior, Junior, Novice, Intermediate, and Juvenile. Medals are awarded in four disciplines: Ladies singles, Men's singles, Pairs, and Ice dance. Medals are given out in four colors: gold (first), silver (second), bronze (third), and pewter (fourth). Skaters who place in the top four at the Eastern Sectional advance to the U.S. Figure Skating Championships.

Notable skaters who have competed at Easterns over the years include Olympic gold medalists Dick Button, Tenley Albright, Carol Heiss, Dorothy Hamill, Scott Hamilton and Nancy Kerrigan.

Figure skating at the 1956 Winter Olympics

At the 1956 Winter Olympics, three figure skating events were contested.

Figure skating at the 1956 Winter Olympics – Ladies' singles

The women's figure skating competition at the 1956 Winter Olympics took place at the Olympic Ice Stadium in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy. The competition was held on 30–31 January and 2 February 1956. Twenty-one women from eleven countries participated in the competition. The event was dominated by the American skaters and who won gold and silver. Tenley Albright, who overcame a significant injury two weeks before the start of the competition, was the Olympic champion.

Figure skating at the 1960 Winter Olympics

The figure skating 1960 Winter Olympics events were held at the Blyth Arena in Squaw Valley, California, United States.

Figure skating at the 1960 Winter Olympics – Women's singles

The women's single skating competition of the 1960 Winter Olympics was held at the Blyth Arena in Squaw Valley, California, United States. The compulsory figures section took place on Sunday 21 February 1960 with the free skating section concluding the event two days later. Each judge ranked each skater by Ordinal Placement from first to last place. If a skater was ranked first by a majority of the judges, that skater was placed first overall, this process was repeated for each place. If more than one skater had a majority ranking for the same position then a series of tiebreaks were in place, indicated in order in the result section.

Carol Heiss won gold for the United States going one better from her silver medal at the 1956 Olympics.


Heiss may refer to:

Heiss Island, an island in Franz Josef Land, Russia

Marian Heiss Price (born 1938), Nebraska State SenatorPeople with the surname Heiss:

Anita Heiss (born 1968), contemporary Indigenous Australian author

Carol Heiss (born 1940), American figure skater

Christopher Elias Heiss (1660–1731), German painter

Michael Heiss (1818–1890), American Roman Catholic bishop

William C. Heiss (born c. 1923), American athlete and coach

Lisa Ervin

Lisa Ervin (born April 20, 1977) is an American former figure skater. She won three consecutive silver medals at the World Junior Figure Skating Championships from 1991 to 1993 and is the 1993 US National silver medalist. She was coached by Carol Heiss Jenkins and originally trained by Melissa Smith at the Charleston Civic Center Ice Arena. Due to an eating disorder, she chose to retire from competitive skating. Her decision to stop skating is profiled in Christine Brennan's book Inside Edge: A Revealing Journey into the Secret World of Figure Skating.

Ervin currently works as a coach and technical specialist. She served as the technical specialist during the ladies event at the 2007–2008 ISU Junior Grand Prix event in Lake Placid, New York and during the ladies event at the 2006 Cup of China. She was the Assistant Technical Specialist at the men's event at the 2008 European Figure Skating Championships, and the men's event at the 2006 Cup of China.She coaches in New York state.

She divorced in 2012.

She is currently coaching and is technical specialist for the IJS (International Judging System). She is also working with children who have special needs.

She recently went back to school to become a teacher.

Nancy Heiss

Nancy Heiss is a former American figure skater. She was the 1955 U.S. junior champion. At the senior level she placed 4th at the United States Figure Skating Championships in 1957 and 1958, and won the silver medal at the 1959 event. In those three years she also qualified to skate at the World Figure Skating Championships, where she placed 8th, 6th, and 8th, respectively.Heiss was unable to compete in the 1959-1960 season due to an ankle injury, and enrolled at Michigan State University that fall instead. While she announced an intention to return to competition after recovering from her injury, in the end she chose to concentrate on her studies.Nancy Heiss is the younger sister of 1960 Olympic Champion Carol Heiss. Their younger brother Bruce Heiss was also an elite competitor. During the 1950s, the skating Heiss siblings were featured in publications such as Life magazine.Like her sister Carol, Nancy Heiss was coached by Pierre Brunet during her competitive career.

North American Figure Skating Championships

The North American Figure Skating Championships were a former elite figure skating competition for skaters from the United States and Canada. It was a biennial (every two years) competition held between 1923 and 1971, with locations alternating between the two countries.

Ryan Hunka

Ryan Hunka is an American former competitive figure skater. He is the 1991 Nebelhorn Trophy champion and 1991 Grand Prix International St. Gervais bronze medalist.

Having begun skating at age five, Hunka was coached from the age of eight by Carol Heiss Jenkins and Glyn Watts in Cleveland, Ohio. He won the U.S. national novice title in February 1990. Two years later, he became the U.S. national junior champion. He finished in the top ten at three World Junior Championships – 1991 (Budapest), 1992 (Hull, Quebec), and 1993 (Seoul).

After retiring from competition, Hunka became the president and CEO of Creative Innovations Intl. Inc. and Miracle Management Corporation. He was the director of operations for Major League Figure Skating and founded PrimeTime Figure Skating. He was the director of skating at clubs in Brooklyn, New York; Omaha, Nebraska; and the Amherst Skating Club in Amherst, New York.

Skating Club of New York

The Skating Club of New York is a figure skating club in New York City. It was founded in 1863 and is the second oldest skating club in the United States. It was one of the founding members of the United States Figure Skating Association.

Among the skaters who have represented the club in competition are U.S. national champions

Scott Allen,Sherwin Badger,Jean-Pierre Brunet,Jason Dungjen,Harold Hartshorne,Kyoko Ina,Sonya Klopfer,Robin Lee,Beatrix Loughran,Sandy MacDonald,Rocky Marval,Mark Militano,Melissa Militano,Marjorie Parker,Donna Jeanne Pospisil,Nettie Prantel,Joseph Savage,Yvonne Sherman,Robert Swenning,Johnny Weir,Kathe Williams,Elaine Zayak,Adam Rippon,Maia Shibutani, and

Alex Shibutani, plus Olympic champions Sarah Hughes, Carol Heiss, and Dorothy Hamill.

Snow White and the Three Stooges

Snow White and the Three Stooges is the second feature film to star the Three Stooges after their 1959 resurgence in popularity. By this time, the trio consisted of Moe Howard, Larry Fine, and Joe DeRita (dubbed "Curly Joe"). Released by 20th Century Fox, this was the trio's take on the classic fairy tale Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. The film was retitled Snow White and the Three Clowns in Great Britain.

Olympic gold medalist figure skater Carol Heiss starred as Snow White, who must flee her home after The Evil Queen, her evil stepmother, wishes her to be dead. Seeking refuge in the cottage of the seven dwarfs, she accidentally meets the Stooges, who are house sitting for them while they are away.

Tonia Kwiatkowski

Tonia Kwiatkowski (born February 12, 1971) is an American figure skater and coach. She is a two-time Winter Universiade champion, a winner of two silver medals on the Champions Series, and the 1996 U.S. national silver medalist. She finished in the top ten at two World Championships and competed in 13 U.S. Championships. Carol Heiss Jenkins and Glyn Watts were her longtime coaches. Kwiatkowski retired from amateur skating in 1998 and continues to be involved in the sport as a skater and coach.

In domestic competition, she represented the Winterhurst Figure Skating Club based in the suburbs of Cleveland, Ohio.

United States at the 1956 Winter Olympics

The United States competed at the 1956 Winter Olympics in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy.

World Figure Skating Championships

The World Figure Skating Championships ("Worlds") is an annual figure skating competition sanctioned by the International Skating Union. Medals are awarded in the categories of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing. Generally held in March, the World Championships are considered the most prestigious of the ISU Championships, which also include the European Championships, the Four Continents Championships, and the World Junior Championships. With the exception of the Olympic title, a world title is considered to be the highest competitive achievement in figure skating.

The corresponding competition for junior-level skaters is the World Junior Championships. The corresponding competition for senior-level synchronized skating is the World Synchronized Skating Championships and for junior level the World Junior Synchronized Skating Championships.

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