Carlos Baguer

Carlos (or Carles) Baguer (March 1768 – 29 February 1808) was a Spanish classical era composer and organist.

Life and career

Baguer was born in Barcelona in March 1768 and received his first musical training from his uncle, Francesc Mariner, who was composer and organist in the cathedral in Barcelona. He became deputy organist to Mariner in 1786 and replaced him when his uncle died in 1789, a position he held until his own death. Although Baguer was ordained a priest, he resigned this position in 1801. He died in Barcelona in 1808, on the same day that French troops occupied Barcelona during the Peninsular War.

His students include Mateu Ferrer (who replaced Baguer as organist of the cathedral), Ramon Carnicer (between 1806 and 1808) and possibly Bernat Bertran.

He was one of the most important musical figures in Catalonia at the time and was known as a virtuosic performer and improviser on the organ.

Works

Perhaps Baguer's most important works are his nineteen symphonies, which rank him, along with Luigi Boccherini and Gaetano Brunetti, as one of the principal composers of symphonies in Spain at the time. Most of his symphonies clearly show the influence of the Italian and German masters, in particular Pleyel and Haydn. He also wrote a concerto for two bassoons, an English horn concerto (which is now lost), a series of six duets for flute and many individual keyboard works.

In addition he composed a great deal of religious music, such as masses and Psalms, for use in the Church of St. Philip Neri and the Barcelona Cathedral, and an opera, The Philosopher Princess, which premiered in 1797 at the Teatre Principal in Barcelona.

Symphonies

  • Symphony No. 1 in C major
  • Symphony No. 2 in C minor (1790)
  • Symphony No. 3 in D major
  • Symphony No. 4 in D major
  • Symphony No. 5 in D major
  • Symphony No. 6 in D major
  • Symphony No. 7 in D major
  • Symphony No. 8 in D major
  • Symphony No. 9 in D major
  • Symphony No. 10 in D major
  • Symphony No. 11 in D major
  • Symphony No. 12 in E flat major (c. 1786)
  • Symphony No. 13 in E flat major
  • Symphony No. 14 in E flat major
  • Symphony No. 15 in E flat major
  • Symphony No. 16 in G major (c. 1790)
  • Symphony No. 17 in B flat major
  • Symphony No. 18 in B flat major (1790)
  • Symphony No. 19 in B flat major (1790)

Concertos

  • Concerto for two bassoons and orchestra in F major
  • English horn concerto (1801) (now lost)

Chamber music

  • Sonata No. 2 in G minor for keyboard
  • Sonata No. 4 in A major for keyboard
  • Sonata No. 16 in E flat major
  • Sonata No. 52 (?) In B flat major
  • Six flute duets

Opera

  • The Philosopher Princess (1797), an opera with a libretto by Carlo Gozzi

Oratorios

  • La mística Raquel en lamento figura de Ntra. Sra. Madre adolorida, en la pasión y muerte de su Divino Hijo
  • Muerte de Abel (1802)
  • No te abandones
  • El Santo Job drame sacré (1804)
  • La adoración del Niño Dios por los ángeles y pastores (drama sacro / oratorio) (1805)
  • La resurrección de Lázaro (drama sacro / oratorio) (1806)
  • La partida del hijo pródigo (drama sacro / oratorio) (1807)
  • El regreso á Bara su patria del Dr. Josef Oriol (1807)
  • El regreso del hijo pródigo (1807)

Sacred music

  • Mass for four voices and accompaniment
  • Mass for two and three voices with accompaniment
  • Mass for four voices and accompaniment
  • Mass for four voices and accompaniment on "Gaudent in Coeli"
  • Mass for eight voices and accompaniment
  • Kyrie and Gloria for four voices and accompaniment
  • Magnificat for four voices and accompaniment

External links

1808 in music

This is a list of music-related events in 1808.

List of Classical-era composers

This is a list of composers of the Classical music era, roughly from 1730 to 1820. Prominent composers of the Classical era include Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Johann Stamitz, Joseph Haydn, Johann Christian Bach, Antonio Salieri, Muzio Clementi, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Luigi Boccherini, Ludwig van Beethoven, and Franz Schubert.

List of composers by name

This is a list of composers by name, alphabetically sorted by surname, then by other names. The list of composers is by no means complete. It is not limited by classifications such as genre or time period; however, it includes only music composers of significant fame, notability or importance who also have current Wikipedia articles. For lists of music composers by other classifications, see lists of composers.

This list is not for arrangers or lyricists (see list of music arrangers and lyricists), unless they are also composers. Likewise, songwriters are listed separately, for example in a list of singer-songwriters and list of Songwriters Hall of Fame inductees.

List of concertos for English horn

A number of concertos and concertante works have been written for cor anglais (English horn) and string, wind, chamber, or full orchestra.

English horn concertos appeared about a century later than oboe solo pieces, mostly because until halfway through the 18th century different instruments (the taille de hautbois, vox humana and the oboe da caccia) had the role of the tenor or alto instrument in the oboe family. The modern English horn was developed from the oboe da caccia in the 1720s, probably in Silesia. The earliest known English horn concertos were written in the 1770s, mostly by prominent oboists of the day, such as Giuseppe Ferlendis, Ignaz Malzat (and his non-oboist brother Johann Michael Malzat) and Joseph Lacher. Few of these works have survived. Among the oldest extant English horn concertos are those by Josef Fiala (a period transcription of a piece originally for viola da gamba) and Anton Milling. It is known that Milling's concerti were performed in 1782 by the Italian oboist Giovanni Palestrini.Many solos in orchestral works were written for the English horn and a decent amount of chamber music appeared for it as well. However, few solo works with a large ensemble were written for the instrument until well into the 20th century. Since then the repertoire has expanded considerably. Of the 270+ concertos listed below, only 35 predate the Second World War.

List of symphonies in E-flat major

This is a list of symphonies in E-flat major written by notable composers.

London Mozart Players

The London Mozart Players (LMP) is a British chamber orchestra founded in 1949. The LMP is the longest-established chamber orchestra in the United Kingdom whose performances and recordings focus largely on the core repertoire from the classical era. Since 1989, the orchestra has been based at Fairfield Halls, Croydon, since 2016 LMP relocated its office to St John the Evangelist to become an orchestra embedded within the local community.

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