Carisbrook (sometimes incorrectly referred to as Carisbrook Stadium) was a major sporting venue in Dunedin, New Zealand. The city's main domestic and international rugby union venue, it was also used for other sports such as cricket, football, rugby league and motocross. Carisbrook also hosted a Joe Cocker concert and frequently hosted pre-game concerts before rugby matches in the 1990s. In 2011 Carisbrook was closed, and was replaced as a rugby ground by Forsyth Barr Stadium at University Plaza in North Dunedin, and as a cricket ground by University Oval in Logan Park.
The House of Pain
|Location||Dunedin, New Zealand|
|Owner||Carisbrook Ground Company|
|Operator||Carisbrook Ground Company|
|Otago Rugby Football Union|
Highlanders (Super 14) (1996–2011)
|First Test||11–16 March 1955:|
New Zealand v England
|Last Test||18–22 December 1998:|
New Zealand v India
|First ODI||30 March 1974:|
New Zealand v Australia
|Last ODI||25 February 2004:|
New Zealand v South Africa
|As of 8 January 2016|
Located at the foot of The Glen, a steep valley, the ground was flanked by the South Island Main Trunk Railway and the Hillside Railway Workshops, two miles southwest of Dunedin city centre in the suburb of Caversham. State Highway 1 also ran close to the northern perimeter of the ground.
Carisbrook was named after the estate of early colonial settler James Macandrew (itself named after Carisbrooke Castle on the Isle of Wight). Developed during the 1870s, it was first used for international cricket in 1883, when Otago hosted a team from Tasmania, and for Test cricket from 1955. It hosted rugby union internationals from 1908.
Floodlit since the 1990s, it could cater for both day and night fixtures. Known locally simply as "The Brook", it has been branded with the name "The House of Pain", due to its reputation as a difficult venue for visiting rugby teams. The stadium was home to both the Highlanders in Super Rugby and Otago in the ITM Cup through each side's respective 2011 season. It also hosted 38 All Blacks test matches.
It is also the former home of Otago cricket, which moved to the University Oval at Logan Park in the north of the city after its redevelopment in the early 2000s. Between 1884 and 2008 Carisbrook hosted 252 first-class cricket matches, including, between 1955 and 1998, 10 Test cricket matches.
The ground's final regular capacity was around 30,000, but has hosted crowds as high as 42,000 in the past with temporary seating. Until 1998 the sides of the Caversham bypass motorway allowed a free view of the ground and was known as the "Scotsman's Grandstand". Occasionally trains would slow to a crawl or stop on the track above the stadium, allowing passengers to watch an entire event. In 1998 a new stand and corporate boxes were built that blocked the view. Partly due to Dunedin's relatively large number of tertiary students (20,000 of the city's 120,000 population), Carisbrook has a unique atmosphere. This is enhanced by the terraces, an uncovered concrete embankment at the eastern end of the ground.
On 9 August 2006, a proposal was announced that would see Carisbrook retired and a 30,000 capacity covered stadium built in Dunedin North, close to other major sporting facilities such as Logan Park and the University Oval. Construction and ownership of the new $NZ 198 million stadium, officially named the Forsyth Barr Stadium at University Plaza, would be overseen by the Carisbrook Stadium Trust. Until the new stadium was completed, all international and Super Rugby games were still held at Carisbrook.
The last international game was expected to be the All Blacks versus South Africa Tri Nations match on 12 July 2008. However, the All Blacks returned to Carisbrook to play France on 13 June 2009 and finally Wales on 19 June 2010. This game meant that the All Blacks had played every major test-playing nation at Carisbrook. A later test match, destined to be the last at the ground, was scheduled between New Zealand and Fiji as a fundraiser for the Christchurch earthquake appeal on 22 July 2011.
On 11 May 2011 the Dunedin City Council decided that Carisbrook would be sold after the 2011 Rugby World Cup. Demolition work was begun at the start of 2012, with the floodlight towers being dismantled and sent up to Christchurch for use by the new temporary Christchurch Rugby Stadium at Addington Showgrounds, to allow that city a first-class ground while AMI Stadium awaits rebuilding. Originally the floodlights were to be reused at the University Oval for day/night cricket matches. The corporate box stand, which was only 14 years old, was always designed to be dismantled for use elsewhere, and there are proposals to move parts of the structure to University Oval and some to Queenstown's Stadium. The turnstile building on Neville Street is a category I historic building and would be protected during any potential developments on the site.
Carisbrook was sold to the Dunedin City Council in 2009 for $7,000,000. It was sold on in 2013 for $4,700,000.
The Bledisloe Cup is a rugby union competition between the national teams of Australia and New Zealand that has been competed for since the 1930s. The frequency at which the competition has been held and the number of matches played has varied, but as of 2016, it consists of an annual three-match series, with two of the matches also counting towards The Rugby Championship. New Zealand have had the most success, winning the trophy for the 47th time in 2018, while Australia have won 12 times.Carisbrook, Victoria
Carisbrook is a town in Victoria, Australia, located on the Pyrenees Highway, 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) east of the regional and local government centre of Maryborough, in the Shire of Central Goldfields. At the 2006 census, Carisbrook had a population of 713.
Carisbrook is closely linked with Maryborough historically, socially and economically.Carisbrook stone arrangement
The Carisbrook stone arrangement is a well-preserved Aboriginal stone arrangement in Victoria, Australia. It measures 60 by 5 metres (197 by 16 ft) and is one of only four stone arrangements in the state and the only one of a boomerang design. It is located about 5 km south-east of the town of Carisbrook, on the banks of Tullaroop Creek. It was initially surveyed in the 1980s by the Victorian Archaeological Survey following reporting by a local landowner. The first report of the discovery of the Carisbrook stone arrangement and its interpretation as an Aboriginal ceremonial site, was not until the 1960s, as there was little recording of Aboriginal ceremonies in the district in the early years of European settlement, and no traditions passed down among Aboriginal descendants. There are also a number of stone circles and a cairn.The site consists of a double arc shape of boulders, a cairn of stones and other small stone circles. The arc shape is often thought to represent a boomerang. However, it has a regular curve and both sides are parallel without pinching in at the ends which is not the true shape of a boomerang. Some interpretations have also suggested it may be aligned with some sort of astronomical observations. For example, that the "...arc shape represents the Milky Way, the cairn is Sirius or some other bright star and two of the circles the Magellan Clouds". The ends of the crescent point to the cardinal points. It has been considered by some to be a male initiation ground, mainly on the basis of comparison with other similar sites in NSW.
This arrangement is believed to fall within the traditional land of the Wurn balug clan of the Djadja wurrung.Following its rediscovery in 1963, interest was focussed on its interpretation and protection, with initial protection provided under the Archaeological Relics Office. In 1975, the area was purchased by the State government, and made a Declared Archaeological Area under the provisions of the Archaeological and Aboriginal Relics Protection Act 1972. Aboriginal Affairs Victoria first purchased the river frontage in the late 1980s. The Indigenous Land Council purchased the farm in 1997 and have divested it to the Ballarat Aboriginal Co-op determined to be the custodians.Carisbrooke Castle
Carisbrooke Castle is a historic motte-and-bailey castle located in the village of Carisbrooke (near Newport), Isle of Wight, England. Charles I was imprisoned at the castle in the months prior to his trial.Electoral district of Kara Kara
Kara Kara was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Victoria from 1877 to 1927 and 1955 to 1976. It was based in north-western Victoria and included the subdivisions of Donald, Charlton, Minyip, Murtoa, St. Arnaud, Wedderburn, Inglewood, Dunnolly, Landsborough, Avoca, Maryborough and Carisbrook.Electoral district of Ripon
Ripon is a single member electoral district of the Victorian Legislative Assembly. It is a rural electorate based in western Victoria. In 1946 the Electoral district of Ripon was first contested but then abolished in the 1955 election after being held by Labor for seven of these years. Ripon was re-created in 1976, essentially as a replacement for Hampden.
Ripon has an area of 16,761 square kilometres. It includes the towns of Ararat, Avoca, Bealiba, Beaufort, Bridgewater on Loddon, Buangor, Cardigan, Carisbrook, Charlton, Clunes, Creswick, Donald, Dunolly, Eddington, Elmhurst, Glenorchy, Great Western, Inglewood, Landsborough, Lexton, Lucas, Marnoo, Maryborough, Miners Rest, Moonambel, Newbridge, Snake Valley, St Arnaud, Stawell, Stuart Mill, Talbot, Tarnagulla and Wedderburn. The main population centres are Creswick, Ararat, Maryborough, Avoca, Donald, Bridgewater on Loddon, St Arnaud and Stawell. This district is known for agriculture, wine making, timber industries, manufacturing, wool production, paper milling, knitting mills and tourism.It has been held by the Liberal Party for most of its history; however, it was held by the Labor Party from 1999 to 2014. The 2018 result was the subject of a legal challenge by the second placed Labor candidate.Electoral district of Talbot
Talbot was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian colony of Victoria from 1856 to 1859. It was based in western Victoria, bounded on the west by Bet Bet Creek, the north by the Loddon River, on the east by the Coliban River and included the area around the towns of Creswick, Daylesford and Carisbrook.The district of Talbot was one of the initial districts of the first Victorian Legislative Assembly, 1856.
In 1859, new electoral districts including Avoca, Ararat and Creswick were created.In 1877, a new district of Maryborough and Talbot was created.Forsyth Barr Stadium
The Forsyth Barr Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Dunedin, New Zealand. At various stages of development it was also known as Dunedin Stadium or Awatea Street Stadium, or its non-commercial official name during the 2011 Rugby World Cup and 2015 FIFA U-20 World Cup, Otago Stadium. It is also known colloquially as 'the glasshouse' due to its resemblance to a horticultural hothouse.
The stadium was opened by New Zealand Prime Minister John Key on 5 August 2011, replacing Carisbrook as the home stadium of the Highlanders team in Super Rugby and the Otago Rugby Football Union team in the domestic ITM Cup. The stadium hosted four matches of the 2011 Rugby World Cup, and has hosted major music tours, starting in November 2011 with Elton John.Highlanders (rugby union)
The Highlanders (formerly the Otago Highlanders and currently known as the Pulse Energy Highlanders for sponsorship reasons) are a New Zealand professional rugby union team based in Dunedin that compete in Super Rugby. The team was formed in 1996 to represent the lower South Island in the newly formed Super 12 competition, and includes the Otago, North Otago and Southland unions. The Highlanders take their name from the Scottish immigrants that helped found the Otago, North Otago, and Southland regions in the 1840s and 1850s.
Their main ground through the 2011 Super Rugby season was Carisbrook in Dunedin, with home games occasionally being played in Invercargill and Queenstown. The Highlanders moved into Carisbrook's replacement, Forsyth Barr Stadium at University Plaza, for the 2012 season; the stadium opened in time for the 2011 Rugby World Cup, but after the Super Rugby season.
They finished the inaugural season eighth, and the following season finished last after winning only three of eleven matches. However, in the 1998, 1999 and 2000 seasons they qualified for semi-finals; hosting the 1999 competition final against fellow South Island team the Crusaders. They lost the match 24–19, and the following year were again knocked out by the Crusaders—this time in their semi-final. In the following fifteen seasons they would only finish in the top four once more, in 2002. But in 2015, they were crowned Super Rugby champions after beating the Hurricanes at Westpac Stadium .Current Highlander, Ben Smith has played a record 129 games for the Highlanders, and thirteen other players have played over 50 games for the team. The Highlanders' highest career points scorer is Lima Sopoaga with 866 points, and highest career try scorer is Jeff Wilson with 35. They are currently coached by Aaron Mauger and are co-captained by Ben Smith and Luke Whitelock .History of rugby union matches between Australia and New Zealand
The first clash in rugby union between Australia and New Zealand took place in a test match on 15 August 1903 in Sydney, New South Wales. On that occasion, New Zealand won by 22-3.
Since 1931, they have competed for the Bledisloe Cup, named after Lord Bledisloe, who donated the trophy.History of rugby union matches between New Zealand and Scotland
The All Blacks first played against Scotland in 1905 at [Inverleith] in Edinburgh. The two teams have played 31 times, with New Zealand winning 29 matches and 2 resulting in draws. The most recent Test was played at Murrayfield on 18 November 2017, with New Zealand winning 22-17.History of rugby union matches between New Zealand and the British and Irish Lions
The All Blacks first played against the British and Irish Lions at rugby union in 1904, beating them 9–3 at Athletic Park, Wellington. Since then, there has been a total of 41 Test matches between the two teams, with the All Blacks winning 30 matches. The most recent test, held at Eden Park, Auckland, on 8 July 2017, finished in a 15-15 draw.List of international cricket centuries at Carisbrook
Carisbrook was a sports stadium in Dunedin, New Zealand. It had a capacity of 29,000. Until its closure in 2004 for cricket, the ground had hosted Test cricket since its first match in 1955 when New Zealand played England. Ten Test matches were played at the ground along with 21 One Day Internationals (ODIs), the first of which was in 1974 when New Zealand played Australia.West Indian Everton Weekes became the first man to score a Test century at Carisbrook when he made 123 against New Zealand in 1956. Bryan Young's score of 267 not out, made against Sri Lanka in 1997, remained the highest score seen at the ground. Only two players made a double century at the ground. Overall, 10 test centuries were recorded from Carisbrook.Five ODI centuries were scored at Carisbrook, the first by West Indian Vivian Richards who scored 119 from 113 deliveries against New Zealand in 1987. The highest score achieved at the ground was 122 not out made by Nathan Astle against England in 2002.List of international cricket five-wicket hauls at Carisbrook
Carisbrook was a sports stadium in the New Zealand city of Dunedin. The stadium was used for international cricket matches between 1955 and 2004 after which the Otago Cricket Association moved to the University of Otago Oval, a ground which has since been used for international cricket. It was one of the venues for the 1992 Cricket World Cup and hosted both men's and women's international matches. The ground was the venue for 10 men's Test matches and two women's Tests as well as 21 men's and one women's One Day International (ODI) matches.
In cricket, a five-wicket haul (also known as a "five-for" or "fifer") refers to a bowler taking five or more wickets in a single innings. This is regarded as a notable achievement. There were 16 Test and two ODI five-wicket hauls taken on the ground.
The first bowler to take a five-wicket haul in an international match at Carisbrook was Sonny Ramadhin, who took six wickets at the cost of 23 runs in a Test match in 1956 for West Indies against New Zealand. Loretta Bayliss was the first New Zealander to take a five-wicket haul on the ground, doing so in a Test against Australia Women in 1961. The best Test match innings bowling figures on the ground were the 7/52 taken by Intikhab Alam for Pakistan in 1973. In ODIs the first five-wicket haul was taken by Viv Richards who took 5/41 for West Indies against New Zealand in 1987.List of international rugby union tries by Christian Cullen
Christian Cullen is a New Zealand rugby union player who played on the wing and at Fullback. Cullen has represented New Zealand 58 times and has scored 46 tries. Cullen's try total places him joint ninth on the all-time list, but he had the best strike rate for any fullback with 0.793.
Cullen made his international debut for New Zealand against Samoa at Napier in 1996. He scored 3 tries on debut. In his next game against Scotland, he scored 4 tries.Maryborough Castlemaine District Football League
The Maryborough Castlemaine District Football League is an Australian rules football league based in central Victoria. This is a minor league with clubs coming from towns near the regional centres of Maryborough, and Castlemaine.Nelson Province (Australia)
Nelson Province was an electorate of the Victorian Legislative Council (Australia). It was created in the wide-scale redistribution of Provinces 1882 when Central and Eastern Provinces were abolished and ten new Provinces were created.
Its area included Camperdown, Ararat and Mortlake.Nelson was created and defined by the Legislative Council Act 1881 (taking effect from the 1882 elections) as consisting of the following divisions: Hampden, Mortlake, Ararat Shire, Ararat Borough, Ripon, Grenville, Ballaarat, Lexton, Avoca, Stawell Shire and Stawell Borough.Nelson was later refined in 1904 as consisting of: Ararat, Beaufort, Carisbrook (boroughs of Carisbrook and Majorca), Clunes, Creswick, Dunolly (boroughs of Dunolly and Tarnagulla and the shire of Bet Bet), Glenorchy (shire of Stawell), Landsborough (shire of Avoca), Lexton, Maryborough, Moyston (shire of Ararat), St. Arnaud, Stawell, Stuart Mill (shire of Kara Kara), Talbot and Timor (shire of Tullaroop and the portion of the shire of Maldon within the province).Nelson Province was finally abolished in 1940 in the wake of another redistribution of Provinces in 1937 when four new Provinces were created. Nelson, Wellington and Melbourne East Provinces were all abolished in the years 1937 to 1940.Pakistani cricket team in New Zealand in 1988–89
The Pakistan national cricket team toured New Zealand in the 1988-89 season, following its unsuccessful participation in the Benson and Hedges World Series Cup in Australia.
Three Test matches were arranged with four One-day International matches. In the event, the first Test at Dunedin was rained off, and an extra ODI was put on for what would have been the Test's fourth day. The two Tests that were played were both drawn, and New Zealand won four ODIs against one for the Pakistanis.According to Wisden, the tour was played in some acrimony. The touring side was led by Imran Khan who replaced Javed Miandad at a late stage, and several other players in the originally named touring party were also changed. Once in New Zealand, the tour was beset by umpiring controversies and disputed decisions.
|Super Rugby Team|
|ITM Cup teams|
Venues of the 1987 Rugby World Cup
|Secondary stadiums (2019)|