Carbon monosulfide

Carbon monosulfide is a chemical compound with the formula CS. This diatomic molecule is the sulfur analogue of carbon monoxide, and is unstable as a solid or a liquid, but it has been observed as a gas both in the laboratory and in the interstellar medium.[1] The molecule resembles carbon monoxide with a triple bond between carbon and sulfur. The molecule is not intrinsically unstable, but it tends to polymerize. This tendency reflects the greater stability of C–S single bonds.

Polymers with the formula (CS)n have been reported.[2] Also, CS has been observed as a ligand in some transition metal complexes.

Carbon monosulfide
Lewis structure, showing a C–S bond distance of 1.5349 angstroms
Space-filling model of the carbon monosulfide molecule
Names
IUPAC name
carbon monosulfide
Other names
carbon(II) sulfide, thiocarbonyl, sulfidocarbon, methanidylidynesulfanium
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
1697516, 1918616
ChEBI
ChemSpider
648
Properties
CS
Molar mass 44.07 g·mol−1
Appearance reddish crystalline powder
insoluble
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

References

  1. ^ Wilson, R. W.; Penzias, A. A.; Wannier, P. G.; Linke, R. A. (1976). "Isotopic abundances in interstellar carbon monosulfide" (pdf). Astrophysical Journal. 204 (pt 2): L135–L137. Bibcode:1976ApJ...204L.135W. doi:10.1086/182072.
  2. ^ Chou, J.-H.; Rauchfuss, T. B. (1997). "Solvatothermal Routes to Poly(Carbon Monosulfide)s Using Kinetically Stabilized Precursors" (pdf). Journal of the American Chemical Society. 119 (19): 4537–4538. doi:10.1021/ja970042w.
Aluminium(II) oxide

Aluminium(II) oxide or aluminium monoxide is a compound of aluminium and oxygen with the chemical formula AlO. It has been detected in the gas phase after explosion of aluminized grenades in the upper atmosphere and in stellar absorption spectra.

CO-0.40-0.22

CO-0.40-0.22 is a high velocity compact gas cloud near the centre of the Milky Way. It is 200 light years away from the centre in the central molecular zone. The cloud is in the shape of ellipse. The differences in the velocity, termed velocity dispersion, of the gas is unusually high at 100 km/s. The velocity dispersion was once thought to be due to an intermediate-mass black hole (IMBH) with a mass of about 100,000 solar masses. However, observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array were not consistent with such a large IMBH, and the features identified as signatures of IMBH-cloud interaction in previous studies turned out to be artifacts created by erroneous data reduction.

Subsequent theoretical studies of the gas cloud and nearby IMBH candidates have re-opened the possibility, though no observational evidence for existence of an IMBH has been reported so far.

The molecular cloud has a mass of 4,000 solar masses. It is located at −0.40°, −0.22° galactic longitude and latitude. The cloud is 0.2° away from Sgr C to the galactic southeast. The gas is moving away from Earth at speeds ranging from 20 to 120 km/s. The spectral lines of carbon monoxide reveal that the gas is dense, and warm and fairly opaque.The gas cloud includes carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide molecules. Other molecules detected via microwave spectroscopy include cyanoacetylene, cyclopropenylidene, methanol, silicon monoxide, sulfur monoxide, carbon monosulfide, Thioformaldehyde, Hydrogen isocyanide, Formamide, and ions H2N+ and HCO+.The name followed the precedent set by CO-0.02-0.02, which is another high velocity compact cloud in the central molecular zone. Another example of this naming convention is CO–0.30–0.07.

Carbon sulfide

Carbon sulfide may refer to:

Carbon disulfide

Carbon monosulfide

Carbon subsulfide

Sulflower

Circumstellar envelope

A circumstellar envelope (CSE) is a part of a star that has a roughly spherical shape and is not gravitationally bound to the star core. Usually circumstellar envelopes are formed from the dense stellar wind, or they are present before the formation of the star. Circumstellar envelopes of old stars (Mira variables and OH/IR stars) eventually evolve into protoplanetary nebulae, and circumstellar envelopes of young stellar objects evolve into circumstellar discs.

Compounds of carbon

Compounds of carbon are defined as chemical substances containing carbon. More compounds of carbon exist than any other chemical element except for hydrogen. Organic carbon compounds are far more numerous than inorganic carbon compounds. In general bonds of carbon with other elements are covalent bonds. Carbon is tetravalent but carbon free radicals and carbenes occur as short-lived intermediates. Ions of carbon are carbocations and carbanions are also short-lived. An important carbon property is catenation as the ability to form long carbon chains and rings.

Cyclopropenone

Cyclopropenone is an organic compound with molecular formula C3H2O consisting of a cyclopropene carbon framework with a ketone functional group. It is a colorless, volatile liquid that boils near room temperature. Neat cyclopropenone polymerizes upon standing at room temperature. The chemical properties of the compound are dominated by the strong polarization of the carbonyl group, which gives a partial positive charge with aromatic stabilization on the ring and a partial negative charge on oxygen. It is an aromatic compound.

Dicarbon monoxide

Dicarbon monoxide (C2O) is a molecule that contains two carbon atoms and one oxygen atom. It is a linear molecule that, because of its simplicity, is of interest in a variety of areas. It is, however, so extremely reactive that it is not encountered in everyday life. It is classified as a cumulene and an oxocarbon.

Ethyl formate

Ethyl formate is an ester formed when ethanol (an alcohol) reacts with formic acid (a carboxylic acid). Ethyl formate has the characteristic smell of rum and is also partially responsible for the flavor of raspberries. It occurs naturally in the body of ants and in the stingers of bees.

Intergalactic dust

Intergalactic dust is cosmic dust in between galaxies in intergalactic space. Evidence for intergalactic dust has been suggested as early as 1949, and study of it grew throughout the late 20th century. There are large variations in the distribution of intergalactic dust. The dust may affect intergalactic distance measurements, such as to supernova and quasars in other galaxies.Intergalactic dust can form intergalactic dust clouds, known to exist around some galaxies since the 1960s. By the 1980s, at least four intergalactic dust clouds had been discovered within several megaparsec (Mpc) of the Milky Way galaxy, exemplified by the Okroy cloud.In February 2014, NASA announced a greatly upgraded database for tracking polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the universe. According to scientists, more than 20% of the carbon in the universe may be associated with PAHs, possible starting materials for the formation of life. PAHs seem to have been formed as early as two billion years after the Big Bang, are widespread throughout the universe, and are associated with new stars and exoplanets.

Ketenimine

Ketenimines are a group of organic compounds sharing a common functional group with the general structure R1R2C=C=NR3. A ketenimine is a cumulated alkene and imine and is related to an allene and a ketene.

The parent compound is ketenimine or CH2CNH. The most recent work by Bane et al. investigates the rovibrational structure of the ν8 and ν12 bands in the high-resolution FTIR spectrum, complementing the earlier analysis of the pure rotational spectrum. This pair of Coriolis coupled bands provide a rare example where intensity sharing between bands yields sufficient intensity for an otherwise invisible band (ν12).

Methoxy group

A methoxy group is the functional group consisting of a methyl group bound to oxygen. This alkoxy group has the formula O–CH3. On a benzene ring, the Hammett equation classifies a methoxy substituent as an electron-donating group.

Monosulfide

monosulfide may refer to:

Carbon monosulfide, chemical compound with the formula CS

Copper monosulfide, chemical compound with the formula CuS

Mononitrogen monosulfide, inorganic compound with the formula SN

Silicon monosulfide, chemical compound with the formula SiS

Scandium monosulfide, chemical compound of scandium and sulfur with the chemical formula ScS

Uranium monosulfide, chemical compound with the formula US

Octatetraynyl radical

Octatetraynyl radical (C8H) is an organic free radical with eight carbon atoms linked in a chain with alternating single bonds and triple bonds.

In 2007 negatively charged octatetraynyl was detected in Galactic molecular source TMC-1, making it the second type of anion to be found in the interstellar medium (after Hexatriynyl radical) and the largest such molecule detected to date.

Phosphorus mononitride

Phosphorus mononitride is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula PN. Containing only phosphorus and nitrogen, this material is classified as a binary nitride.

It is the first identified phosphorus compound in the interstellar medium.It is an important molecule in interstellar medium and the atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturn.

Photodissociation region

Photodissociation regions (or photon-dominated regions, or PDRs) are predominantly neutral regions of the interstellar medium in which far ultraviolet photons strongly influence the gas chemistry and act as the most important source of heat. They occur in any region of interstellar gas that is dense and cold enough to remain neutral, but that has too low a column density to prevent the penetration of far-UV photons from distant, massive stars. A typical and well-studied example is the gas at the boundary of a giant molecular cloud. PDRs are also associated with HII regions, reflection nebulae, active galactic nuclei, and Planetary nebulae. All the atomic gas and most of the molecular gas in the galaxy is found in PDRs.

Propynal

Propynal is an organic compound with molecular formula HC2CHO. It is the simplest chemical compound containing both alkyne and aldehyde functional groups. It is a colorless liquid with explosive properties.The compound exhibits reactions expected for an electrophilic alkynyl aldehyde. It is a dienophile and a good Michael acceptor. Grignard reagents add to the carbonyl center.

Proton affinity (data page)

Proton affinities are quoted in kJ/mol, in increasing order of gas-phase basicity of the base.

Source: Jolly, William L. (1991). Modern Inorganic Chemistry (2nd Edn.). New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-112651-1.

Titanium oxide

Titanium oxide may refer to:

Titanium dioxide (titanium(IV) oxide), TiO2

Titanium(II) oxide (titanium monoxide), TiO, a non-stoichiometric oxide

Titanium(III) oxide (dititanium trioxide), Ti2O3

Ti3O

Ti2O

δ-TiOx (x= 0.68–0.75)

TinO2n−1 where n ranges from 3–9 inclusive, e.g. Ti3O5, Ti4O7, etc.

Triatomic molecule

Triatomic molecules are molecules composed of three atoms, of either the same or different chemical elements. Examples include H2O, CO2 (pictured) and HCN.

Compounds
Carbon ions
Oxides and related
Molecules
Deuterated
molecules
Unconfirmed
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