Carballo

Carballo is a municipality in the north western region of Spain in the Province of A Coruña, in the Autonomous community of Galicia, Spain and seventeenth overall in the country. It belongs to the Comarca of Bergantiños.

The seafood company Calvo is headquartered here.[2]

Carballo
Carballo 01-05b
Official seal of Carballo

Seal
Coat of arms of Carballo

Coat of arms
Location of Carballo
Location of Carballo
Carballo is located in Spain
Carballo
Carballo
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 43°13′0″N 8°41′0″W / 43.21667°N 8.68333°WCoordinates: 43°13′0″N 8°41′0″W / 43.21667°N 8.68333°W
Country Spain
Autonomous community Galicia
ProvinceA Coruña
ComarcaComarca de Bergantiños
Government
 • AlcaldeEvencio Ferrero Rodríguez (BNG)
Area
 • Total186.09 km2 (71.85 sq mi)
Elevation
106 m (348 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total31,261
 • Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Carballés, carballesa
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
15100
Dialing code981
Official language(s)Spanish, Galician
WebsiteOfficial website

History

Carballo dates back to 759 AD; the name is actually a Galician word meaning Oak, referring to the settlement's surroundings of forest on mountainous terrain. The Atlantic Ocean is a short distance to the west side of the town, to the north is the Bay of Biscay or Viscaya and to the east is the Mediterranean Sea, with a 1,130 km drive to La Marina de Port, Barcelona, Spain and 618 km drive east by south east to Madrid[3] and 846 km drive south to Seville.[4] It has a good geographical position that allows you to establish easy communication with the main cities of Galicia, Spain and enjoy the landscape diversity that make up its rivers. This is evident from the Anllóns River and through the natural area of Razo-Baldaio.

The Municipality of Carballo was created in 1836. In 1920, the Architect Julio Galan father of Julio Galán Gómez,[5] built the Town Hall used until 1974. In the 1920s and 1930s Carballo was widely modernized, schools were built and spaces opened up. During the 1940s, the Exploitation of natural resources of Tungsten began a period of growth that reached its peak from 1960 to 1980, and during the last third of the twentieth century saw extensive urban expansion.

Carballo was also known since Antiquity for the medicinal properties of its Sulphurous waters known as Vellos or Baths, which are still sold commercially today, as evidenced by the remains found in a spa town in the eighteenth century. Their medicinal properties are indicated for nonspecific respiratory diseases as well as the hormonal disorders Hypothyroidism and Hypogonadism.

Later, the Romans, during the Roman Empire (27BC to 476/1453AC), attracted by the fertility of the land, for the abundance of minerals and for its Sulphurous waters, also left their mark. In this sense, the remains of the Villa Termal are the best preserved monument of this period throughout the town, along with the Lubiáns Bridge, high above the river Rosende, between the towns of Carballo and Coristanco.[6] [7]

Historical and Artistic Heritage

Carballo has been inhabited since ancient times, which is evident from its historical and artistic heritage. Thus, the Megalithic era left its mark on the famous dolmen the "Pedra Moura", while the Castreña culture still substantial forts are preserved and the example of these are, the Castro of Cances (also known as Bico de Castro), Castro Torre Pardiñas (castro of reduced dimensions with a predominantly defensive role), the forts of Guntian and Cotomil (which still retain some of its defense walls), and Castro de Vilela and Nion (noted for its complex structure).

In Brañas do Carregal (parish Aldemunde) are the remains of the dolmen of Pedra Moura, belonging to the megalithic culture. There are also numerous Cultura Castreña or Castro Culture remains of those who, despite their irregular conservation, we can deduce the high occupation of the territory of this area during the Celtic culture and part of the Middle Ages. Studies indicate that the name of the region, Bergantiños, could have originated from the Celtic tribe of the Brigantinos.

From Roman times there are very few Archaeological remains. Highlights include the fort of Torre Pardiñas in Razo, where the Roman influence is felt in their defensive scheme, and especially the Roman Bridge of Lubiáns, which was part of the Roman road per Loca Maritima. The remains are still supposed to date from the Middle Ages or the 18th century.[6] [7]

Religious Architecture

With regard to Sacred architecture, the most important building is the Church of Rus, which was built between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, belongs to the Baroque style, but has in its facade with characteristic features of Neoclassicism. Inside, projecting the image of the Asunción, attributed to Rodeiro, and the imposing parish silver cross a meter high.

Interesting are also the churches of Entrecruces, eighteenth century Baroque, and Sofán, eighteenth and nineteenth facade, where a Christ by Ferreiro is preserved. The church of Oza, meanwhile, presents a St. Breixo facade carved in stone, while inside the temple this same crown Baroque altarpiece figure the best preserved in the whole environment.

Since the twentieth century churches dating with Baroque altarpieces or Razo, which preserves images of St. John the Baptist and St. Martin of Braga made by the school in Santiago de Compostela. From the same period is the church of Bertoia, which can be seen a Gothic Christ and a processional cross from the eighteenth century.

On the other hand, the municipality of Carballo today presents numerous remains of popular architecture like the "stone crosses" of Sofán, Ardana, Carballo or the Rus; or "breastplates of souls" (brush) that can be visited in A Brea, Cances on-site or in the parish of Oza. Interesting too are also the Granaries (Brea, Serantes do Medio or Rodo) and Mills (protrude A Cheda, Fifth and Ponte Rosende).

A parish with strong personality is to Rebordelos, belonging to the jurisdiction of Caión throughout the Middle Ages and of modern and independent constitutive council until 1836. There is a mámoa on the road leading to the beach of Pedra do Sal, a Celtic castro Costenla in place, several mansions in Vilar de Peres and the chapel of San Juan with its cruise in Leira. In iglesario of Rebordelos it is known about the presence of the Count of Grajal and the Convent of San Agustin and the family of Rodriguez-Arijón. The church of San Salvador is located in the town center, with a street that surrounds it. The cruise about 150 meters. Rebordelos parish is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean: Baldaio marshes, Pedra do Sal, beaches A Lapeira, Arnela and Leira, Puerto Loureiro and Pedra Furada, witnessed countless shipwrecks.

Several palaces that are still preserved in the village of Carballo are example of these are the Palace of Pallas, the Gontade Palace, and the Palace of Vilardefrancos, Pazo do Souto. While the civil architecture, highlights the nineteenth century building that housed the jail and is now converted into the Museum of Bergantinos[6] [7]

Population

The municipality has 31,466 registered inhabitants. It has a density of 167.39 inhabitants per square kilometer.[8]

Other places close to Carballo

Close to Carballo : Beaches, Mountains

Beaches:[9]

  • Playa (beach) de Baldaio-Laguna, 19 kilometres (12 mi)
  • Playa de Razo, 16 kilometres (10 mi)
  • Playa de Pedra do Sal, 19 kilometres (12 mi)

Mountains:[9]

  • Peña Trevinca, 179 kilometres (111 mi),
  • Peña Ubina, 203 kilometres (126 mi),
  • Pico Remelende, 259 kilometres (161 mi),
  • Torre de Cerredo, 290 kilometres (180 mi)

Origin of the name

Carballo has many variations in spelling including Carvallo, Carbello, Caballero, Carvalho, due in part to illiteracy in early times. Surnames like Carballo transform in their pronunciation and spelling as they travel across villages, family branches, and countries over the years. In times when literacy was uncommon, names such as Carballo were written down based on their pronunciation, potentially leading to misspellings. Researching these misspellings and alternate spellings of the Carballo name are important in understanding its origins.[10]

Carballo Notables

  • Alfredo Brañas Menéndez, born in Carballo in 1859, was a writer and ideologist of Galician Regionalism.[11]
  • Fernando Cabeza Quiles, born in Ponferrada, (1953), Spanish Polygrapher noted for his work on the toponymy of Galicia, and in Radio and Press.[12][13]
  • Xurxo Borrazás, born in Carballo (1963), is a Galician writer and translator.[14]
  • Manuel Maria Puga y Parga, born in Santiago de Compostela (1874) - died in A Coruña, September (1918), culinary writer and gastronome, also a lawyer and a politician. Gourmet and political Galician.[15]

Roman Bridges and Influence

Puente Lubians

Roman bridge of Lubians, Carballo

Beaches, Rivers

Armados-Razo 1

Razo beach

Praia de Riazor.A Coruña Galicia

Riazor Beach

Corrubedo Dunas GDFL 050821 112

Castiñeiras - Ribeira - Galicia - Spain

Illas Cies Praia

The Atlantic Islands of Galicia National Park

Fragas do Eume

The Fragas do Eume is a natural park, Galician word for "natural woodland"

Rio Anllons.Carballo.Galiza.1

Anllóns River, Carballo

Ports

Port La Coruña

Harbour of A Coruña

Port of Vigo 2

Port of Vigo view in Vigo, Galicia, Spain.

RiaFerrolAsteleiros

Ferrol Port, Galicia

Marin Vista Xeral desde monte

Vista xeral do Concello de Marín, Pontevedra

Coruña GDFL2005 10

Centenario dock in the port of La Coruna

Puerto de La Coruna (Spain)

La Coruna port

Mountains, Capes

Pena trevinca

Mountain Pena Trevinca

Tres Bispos, Ancares. Cervantes, Galiza

Tres Bispos, Ancares. Cervantes, Galiza

Torrecerredo

Mountain Torre Cerredo

Ribeira Sacra. Río Sil. Lugo. Galiza

The Sil River divides the provinces of Lugo and Ourense.

Cabo Ortegal

Cape Ortegal Cariño, La Coruna.

Fisterra.Cabo.Galicia

Cape Fisterra, Galicia

Celtic Ruins

Castro de BaroNa.Galiza

Castro de Baroña. Galicia, Spain.

Monumento con Forno 2 retouched

Baths or sauna at Punta dos Prados hill-fort, Ortigueira, Galicia

Castro de Viladonga - Panorámica 02

A romanized castro, at Viladonga, Castro de Rei, Galicia

Elviña aceso a croa lado oposto

Castro de Elviña: remnant of a Celtic military structure in A Coruña.

Dolmen axeitos

Dolmen Axeitos, known as Stone Moor. Parish of Oleiros Ribeira, A Coruña Galicia.

Castro en santa trega

El castro de Santa Trega.

Castles, Palaces

Bom Jesus (Braga)

Winter snow in Braga

San-juan-priorio-asturias

San Juan Priorio, Asturias

Oviedo 01

Oviedo

Castillo de San Antón 1

San Antón Castle

U Laboral Gijon 01

Laboral, Gijon

Basílica de Santiago 02

Church of Santiago, Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain

Tourism

Estadio de Riazor.A Corunha.Galiza

Estadio Municipal de Riazor, a multi-purpose stadium in A Coruña, Galicia,

Alvedro

Aeropuerto de A Coruña

Carballo Galicia 006

Palace of Culture (Palacio de la Cultura)

Casa de las ciencias

House of Sciences, La Coruña

Palacio de la opera

Opera house, La Coruña

Azcarraga 09015TM

Plaza de Azcárraga

Cuisine

Tarta de Santiago-2010

Santiago's tart pastry is one of the products of the province.

Plato con pulpo y pimentón (sin aderezar)

Cooked octopus is very popular

Tapas Barcelona

Tapas plate (Fried shrimp, squid and ham)

RiberioMejillones-La Ría

Mussels Vinaigrette

Caldereta

A seafood stew.

References

  1. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  2. ^ "General Information Archived 2008-12-24 at the Wayback Machine." Calvo. Retrieved on 11 November 2008.
  3. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps.
  4. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-10-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ a b c http://www.paxinasgalegas.es/fiestas/carballo-patrimonio-hist%C3%B3rico-art%C3%ADstico-carballo-6118.html
  7. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-10-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ http://www.ine.es/nomen2/index.do?accion=busquedaRapida&subaccion=&numPag=0&ordenAnios=ASC&nombrePoblacion=carballo&botonBusquedaRapida=Consult+selection
  9. ^ a b c "Carballo Location Guide". Weather-forecast.com. Retrieved 2012-10-03.
  10. ^ Carballo Family History: Carballo Family Tree & Genealogyhttp://www.ancientfaces.com/research/surname/Carballo/carballo-family-history-and-family-tree#carballo
  11. ^ "Alfredo Branas Menendez (1859-1900). Colored ngraving".
  12. ^ "Fernando Cabeza Quiles Books - List of books by Fernando Cabeza Quiles". www.allbookstores.com.
  13. ^ Gallego, Grupo El Correo. "Un libro analiza a toponimia e antroponimia galegas de orixe celta e enlaza Galicia con países europeos".
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-01-30. Retrieved 2016-01-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-08. Retrieved 2015-10-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links

Carballo (Narcea)

Carballo is one of 54 parishes in Cangas del Narcea, a municipality within the province and autonomous community of Asturias, in northern Spain.

Carlos Velasco Carballo

Carlos Velasco Carballo (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkaɾloz βeˈlasko kaɾˈβaʎo]; born 16 March 1971) is a retired Spanish professional football referee.

Cliona

Cliona is a genus of demosponges in the family Clionaidae. It contains about eighty described species.

Diego de Souza (footballer, born 1984)

Diego Alejandro de Souza Carballo (born 14 May 1984 in Melo) is a Uruguayan footballer. He plays for El Tanque Sisley as a midfielder. He is nicknamed "Pepe" and "El ojo".

Felipe Carballo

Felipe Ignacio Carballo Ares (born 4 October 1996) is an Uruguayan footballer who plays as a midfielder for Nacional on loan from Spanish club Sevilla Atlético.

Héctor Federico Carballo

Héctor Federico Carballo (born March 14, 1980 in Morón, Argentina) is an Argentine footballer currently playing for CA Mitre in Argentina.

Jesús Carballo

Jesús Carballo (born 26 November 1976) is a Spanish former gymnast who competed in the 1996 Summer Olympics. He is a very well known gymnast in Spain.

José Rodríguez Carballo

José Rodríguez Carballo (born 11 August 1953) is Spanish a Catholic archbishop and official of the Roman Curia. On 6 April 2013, he was named secretary for the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life. He had previously served as General Minister of the Order of Friars Minor from 2003.

Juan Bautista Topete

Juan Bautista Topete y Carballo (24 May 1821 – 29 October 1885), Spanish admiral and politician.

He was born in San Andrés Tuxtla, Mexico. His father and grandfather were also Spanish admirals. He entered the navy at the age of seventeen, cut out a Carlist vessel in 1839, and became a midshipman at twenty-two, obtaining the cross of naval merit for saving the life of a sailor in 1841 and became a lieutenant in 1845. He served on the West Indian station for three years, and was engaged in repressing the slave trade before he was promoted frigate captain in 1857. He was promoted chief of staff to the fleet during the Moroccan War, 1859, after which he received the crosses of Saint Ferdinad and Saint Hermenegild.Having been appointed chief of the Carrara arsenal at Cádiz, he was elected a deputy and joined the Union Liberal of O'Donnell and Serrano. He was sent out to the Pacific in command of the frigate "Blanca," and was present at the bombardment of Valparaíso and Callao, where he was badly wounded, and in other engagements of the war between Chile and Peru.On his return to Spain, Topete was made port captain at Cádiz, which enabled him to take the lead of the conspiracy in the fleet against the Bourbon monarchy. He sent the steamer "Buenaventura" to the Canary Islands for Serrano and the other exiles; and when Prim and Sagasta arrived from Gibraltar, the whole fleet under the influence of Topete took such an attitude that the people, garrison and authorities of Cádiz followed suit.Topete took part in all the posts of the revolutionary government, accepted the post of marine minister, was elected a member of the Cortes in 1869, and supported the pretensions of Antoine, Duke of Montpensier. He initially opposed the election of Amadeus, but latter sat on several cabinets seats of that king's reign. He was prosecuted by the federal republic of 1873 and again took charge of the marine under Serrano in 1874. After the Restoration, he was held aloof for many years, but finally accepted the presidency of a naval board in 1877. Later, he sat in the Senate as a life peer until his death in Madrid.

Julio Adalberto Rivera Carballo

Julio Adalberto Rivera Carballo (September 2, 1921 – July 29, 1973) was the 34th President of El Salvador 1 July 1962 - 1 July 1967.Rivera was born in Zacatecoluca. He was a military officer who helped lead a military coup in 1961. From January 1961 to September 1961 he was a member of the Civic Military Directory which ruled El Salvador at that time. In 1962 he was elected President for a 5-year term as the candidate of the National Conciliation Party. As a president he signed the Alianza para el Progreso with the United States and accepted a good amount of money to build low-cost housing for Salvadoreans such as the Zacamil buildings and other public works. The Times Magazines from March 16, 1962 said "Colonel Julio Rivera, is loosening the control of "the 14," a group of land and banking families who have ruled the country since Spanish colonial days", and recognized the biggest effort from the 19 Latin American countries that signed the document during U.S. President John F. Kennedy. At the same time, he started a Secret Service called ANSESAL and the head of this agency was Coronel Medrano, a CIA informant. He is known to have started Death Squads in El Salvador using military intelligence and personnel. They would interrogate and eliminate leftist suspects in both the countryside and in the capital. After leaving public office he then went on to serve as Embassador of El Salvador to the United States and The United Nations. During his tenure as president, he was often seen driving through the streets of San Salvador on his 1965 Harley-Davidson motorcycle.From 1968 to 1973, he served as Ambassador to the United States. He died on July 29, 1973, aged 51.

Marcelo Carballo

Marcelo Antonio Carballo Cadima (born December 7, 1974 in Cochabamba) is a Bolivian retired football defender.

Miguel Ángel Carballo

Miguel Ángel Carballo (born 22 March 1979) is an Argentine professional golfer. Known affectionately as "El Tati", Carballo was the first Argentine to win on the Nationwide Tour. He has played on several Tours in his career, including the Web.com Tour (2007–11, 2013–14), European Tour (2006), Challenge Tour (2004–05), Tour de las Américas from (2003–04) and the Tour Argentino (2002–03). He played on the PGA Tour in 2012 and 2014.

Néstor Carballo

Néstor E. Carballo (3 February 1929 - 22 September 1981) is a Uruguayan football defender who played for Uruguay in the 1954 FIFA World Cup. He also played for Club Nacional de Football.

Pablo Carballo

Commodore Pablo Marcos Rafael Carballo (b. 11 December 1947 Buenos Aires) is a retired member of the Argentine Air Force - the Fuerza Aérea Argentina (FAA) - who fought in the 1982 Falklands War where he participated in actions that led to the sinking of three Royal Navy ships. He was awarded with the highest national military decoration: the Argentine Nation to the Heroic Valour in Combat Cross, the Argentine Congressional Medal, and the Highest Distinction of the Argentine Air Force.

Ramiro Carballo

Ramiro Ernesto Carballo Henríquez (born 16 March 1978 in Colón, La Libertad, El Salvador) is a retired Salvadoran professional football player.

Ricardo Carballo

Ricardo Carballo Calero (also known Ricardo Carvalho Calero after to 1981) (Ferrol, 1910 - Santiago de Compostela, 1990) was a Galician philologist, academic and writer. He was the first Professor of Galician Language and Literature at the University of Santiago de Compostela. He was a member of the Royal Galician Academy, the Lisbon Academy of Sciences, and also an honorary member of the Galician Language Association. He was one of the main theorists of contemporary Galician reintegrationism and his works on this field are considered a primary reference. Many consider Carballo Calero as one of the most prominent figures of the twentieth century Galician intelligentsia.

Solamente para Bajitos

Solamente para Bajitos (English: Only For Children) is the twenty-eighth studio album and the seventh Spanish language album by Brazilian singer, TV host and actress Xuxa Meneghel. It was released February 12th 2005 by Sony BMG in Argentina. This album marks the return of Xuxa to the Hispanic market, after almost 7 years, and reunites the biggest hits of the last four albums of the XSPB.

Xuxa Dance

Xuxa Dance is the eighteenth studio album and the fourth in the Spanish by Brazilian singer and TV host Xuxa. It was produced by Christian de Walden and released in December 1996 by PolyGram in Latin America, and Mercury Records in the United States.

Yazmith Bataz

Yazmith Bataz Carballo (born April 5, 1972), is a Mexican athlete specializing in 100 meter, 200 meter, and 400 meter events.

Municipalities of the province of A Coruña

Languages

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