Carballo is a municipality in the north western region of Spain in the Province of A Coruña, in the Autonomous community of Galicia, Spain and seventeenth overall in the country. It belongs to the Comarca of Bergantiños.

The seafood company Calvo is headquartered here.[2]

Carballo 01-05b
Official seal of Carballo

Coat of arms of Carballo

Coat of arms
Location of Carballo
Location of Carballo
Carballo is located in Spain
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 43°13′0″N 8°41′0″W / 43.21667°N 8.68333°WCoordinates: 43°13′0″N 8°41′0″W / 43.21667°N 8.68333°W
Country Spain
Autonomous community Galicia
ProvinceA Coruña
ComarcaComarca de Bergantiños
 • AlcaldeEvencio Ferrero Rodríguez (BNG)
 • Total186.09 km2 (71.85 sq mi)
106 m (348 ft)
 • Total31,261
 • Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Carballés, carballesa
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialing code981
Official language(s)Spanish, Galician
WebsiteOfficial website


Carballo dates back to 759 AD; the name is actually a Galician word meaning Oak, referring to the settlement's surroundings of forest on mountainous terrain. The Atlantic Ocean is a short distance to the west side of the town, to the north is the Bay of Biscay or Viscaya and to the east is the Mediterranean Sea, with a 1,130 km drive to La Marina de Port, Barcelona, Spain and 618 km drive east by south east to Madrid[3] and 846 km drive south to Seville.[4] It has a good geographical position that allows you to establish easy communication with the main cities of Galicia, Spain and enjoy the landscape diversity that make up its rivers. This is evident from the Anllóns River and through the natural area of Razo-Baldaio.

The Municipality of Carballo was created in 1836. In 1920, the Architect Julio Galan father of Julio Galán Gómez,[5] built the Town Hall used until 1974. In the 1920s and 1930s Carballo was widely modernized, schools were built and spaces opened up. During the 1940s, the Exploitation of natural resources of Tungsten began a period of growth that reached its peak from 1960 to 1980, and during the last third of the twentieth century saw extensive urban expansion.

Carballo was also known since Antiquity for the medicinal properties of its Sulphurous waters known as Vellos or Baths, which are still sold commercially today, as evidenced by the remains found in a spa town in the eighteenth century. Their medicinal properties are indicated for nonspecific respiratory diseases as well as the hormonal disorders Hypothyroidism and Hypogonadism.

Later, the Romans, during the Roman Empire (27BC to 476/1453AC), attracted by the fertility of the land, for the abundance of minerals and for its Sulphurous waters, also left their mark. In this sense, the remains of the Villa Termal are the best preserved monument of this period throughout the town, along with the Lubiáns Bridge, high above the river Rosende, between the towns of Carballo and Coristanco.[6] [7]

Historical and Artistic Heritage

Carballo has been inhabited since ancient times, which is evident from its historical and artistic heritage. Thus, the Megalithic era left its mark on the famous dolmen the "Pedra Moura", while the Castreña culture still substantial forts are preserved and the example of these are, the Castro of Cances (also known as Bico de Castro), Castro Torre Pardiñas (castro of reduced dimensions with a predominantly defensive role), the forts of Guntian and Cotomil (which still retain some of its defense walls), and Castro de Vilela and Nion (noted for its complex structure).

In Brañas do Carregal (parish Aldemunde) are the remains of the dolmen of Pedra Moura, belonging to the megalithic culture. There are also numerous Cultura Castreña or Castro Culture remains of those who, despite their irregular conservation, we can deduce the high occupation of the territory of this area during the Celtic culture and part of the Middle Ages. Studies indicate that the name of the region, Bergantiños, could have originated from the Celtic tribe of the Brigantinos.

From Roman times there are very few Archaeological remains. Highlights include the fort of Torre Pardiñas in Razo, where the Roman influence is felt in their defensive scheme, and especially the Roman Bridge of Lubiáns, which was part of the Roman road per Loca Maritima. The remains are still supposed to date from the Middle Ages or the 18th century.[6] [7]

Religious Architecture

With regard to Sacred architecture, the most important building is the Church of Rus, which was built between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, belongs to the Baroque style, but has in its facade with characteristic features of Neoclassicism. Inside, projecting the image of the Asunción, attributed to Rodeiro, and the imposing parish silver cross a meter high.

Interesting are also the churches of Entrecruces, eighteenth century Baroque, and Sofán, eighteenth and nineteenth facade, where a Christ by Ferreiro is preserved. The church of Oza, meanwhile, presents a St. Breixo facade carved in stone, while inside the temple this same crown Baroque altarpiece figure the best preserved in the whole environment.

Since the twentieth century churches dating with Baroque altarpieces or Razo, which preserves images of St. John the Baptist and St. Martin of Braga made by the school in Santiago de Compostela. From the same period is the church of Bertoia, which can be seen a Gothic Christ and a processional cross from the eighteenth century.

On the other hand, the municipality of Carballo today presents numerous remains of popular architecture like the "stone crosses" of Sofán, Ardana, Carballo or the Rus; or "breastplates of souls" (brush) that can be visited in A Brea, Cances on-site or in the parish of Oza. Interesting too are also the Granaries (Brea, Serantes do Medio or Rodo) and Mills (protrude A Cheda, Fifth and Ponte Rosende).

A parish with strong personality is to Rebordelos, belonging to the jurisdiction of Caión throughout the Middle Ages and of modern and independent constitutive council until 1836. There is a mámoa on the road leading to the beach of Pedra do Sal, a Celtic castro Costenla in place, several mansions in Vilar de Peres and the chapel of San Juan with its cruise in Leira. In iglesario of Rebordelos it is known about the presence of the Count of Grajal and the Convent of San Agustin and the family of Rodriguez-Arijón. The church of San Salvador is located in the town center, with a street that surrounds it. The cruise about 150 meters. Rebordelos parish is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean: Baldaio marshes, Pedra do Sal, beaches A Lapeira, Arnela and Leira, Puerto Loureiro and Pedra Furada, witnessed countless shipwrecks.

Several palaces that are still preserved in the village of Carballo are example of these are the Palace of Pallas, the Gontade Palace, and the Palace of Vilardefrancos, Pazo do Souto. While the civil architecture, highlights the nineteenth century building that housed the jail and is now converted into the Museum of Bergantinos[6] [7]


The municipality has 31,466 registered inhabitants. It has a density of 167.39 inhabitants per square kilometer.[8]

Other places close to Carballo

Close to Carballo : Beaches, Mountains


  • Playa (beach) de Baldaio-Laguna, 19 kilometres (12 mi)
  • Playa de Razo, 16 kilometres (10 mi)
  • Playa de Pedra do Sal, 19 kilometres (12 mi)


  • Peña Trevinca, 179 kilometres (111 mi),
  • Peña Ubina, 203 kilometres (126 mi),
  • Pico Remelende, 259 kilometres (161 mi),
  • Torre de Cerredo, 290 kilometres (180 mi)

Origin of the name

Carballo has many variations in spelling including Carvallo, Carbello, Caballero, Carvalho, due in part to illiteracy in early times. Surnames like Carballo transform in their pronunciation and spelling as they travel across villages, family branches, and countries over the years. In times when literacy was uncommon, names such as Carballo were written down based on their pronunciation, potentially leading to misspellings. Researching these misspellings and alternate spellings of the Carballo name are important in understanding its origins.[10]

Carballo Notables

  • Alfredo Brañas Menéndez, born in Carballo in 1859, was a writer and ideologist of Galician Regionalism.[11]
  • Fernando Cabeza Quiles, born in Ponferrada, (1953), Spanish Polygrapher noted for his work on the toponymy of Galicia, and in Radio and Press.[12][13]
  • Xurxo Borrazás, born in Carballo (1963), is a Galician writer and translator.[14]
  • Manuel Maria Puga y Parga, born in Santiago de Compostela (1874) - died in A Coruña, September (1918), culinary writer and gastronome, also a lawyer and a politician. Gourmet and political Galician.[15]

Roman Bridges and Influence

Puente Lubians

Roman bridge of Lubians, Carballo

Beaches, Rivers

Armados-Razo 1

Razo beach

Praia de Riazor.A Coruña Galicia

Riazor Beach

Corrubedo Dunas GDFL 050821 112

Castiñeiras - Ribeira - Galicia - Spain

Illas Cies Praia

The Atlantic Islands of Galicia National Park

Fragas do Eume

The Fragas do Eume is a natural park, Galician word for "natural woodland"

Rio Anllons.Carballo.Galiza.1

Anllóns River, Carballo


Port La Coruña

Harbour of A Coruña

Port of Vigo 2

Port of Vigo view in Vigo, Galicia, Spain.


Ferrol Port, Galicia

Marin Vista Xeral desde monte

Vista xeral do Concello de Marín, Pontevedra

Coruña GDFL2005 10

Centenario dock in the port of La Coruna

Puerto de La Coruna (Spain)

La Coruna port

Mountains, Capes

Pena trevinca

Mountain Pena Trevinca

Tres Bispos, Ancares. Cervantes, Galiza

Tres Bispos, Ancares. Cervantes, Galiza


Mountain Torre Cerredo

Ribeira Sacra. Río Sil. Lugo. Galiza

The Sil River divides the provinces of Lugo and Ourense.

Cabo Ortegal

Cape Ortegal Cariño, La Coruna.


Cape Fisterra, Galicia

Celtic Ruins

Castro de BaroNa.Galiza

Castro de Baroña. Galicia, Spain.

Monumento con Forno 2 retouched

Baths or sauna at Punta dos Prados hill-fort, Ortigueira, Galicia

Castro de Viladonga - Panorámica 02

A romanized castro, at Viladonga, Castro de Rei, Galicia

Elviña aceso a croa lado oposto

Castro de Elviña: remnant of a Celtic military structure in A Coruña.

Dolmen axeitos

Dolmen Axeitos, known as Stone Moor. Parish of Oleiros Ribeira, A Coruña Galicia.

Castro en santa trega

El castro de Santa Trega.

Castles, Palaces

Bom Jesus (Braga)

Winter snow in Braga


San Juan Priorio, Asturias

Oviedo 01


Castillo de San Antón 1

San Antón Castle

U Laboral Gijon 01

Laboral, Gijon

Basílica de Santiago 02

Church of Santiago, Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain


Estadio de Riazor.A Corunha.Galiza

Estadio Municipal de Riazor, a multi-purpose stadium in A Coruña, Galicia,


Aeropuerto de A Coruña

Carballo Galicia 006

Palace of Culture (Palacio de la Cultura)

Casa de las ciencias

House of Sciences, La Coruña

Palacio de la opera

Opera house, La Coruña

Azcarraga 09015TM

Plaza de Azcárraga


Tarta de Santiago-2010

Santiago's tart pastry is one of the products of the province.

Plato con pulpo y pimentón (sin aderezar)

Cooked octopus is very popular

Tapas Barcelona

Tapas plate (Fried shrimp, squid and ham)

RiberioMejillones-La Ría

Mussels Vinaigrette


A seafood stew.


  1. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  2. ^ "General Information Archived 2008-12-24 at the Wayback Machine." Calvo. Retrieved on 11 November 2008.
  3. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps.
  4. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-10-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ a b c
  7. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-10-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b c "Carballo Location Guide". Retrieved 2012-10-03.
  10. ^ Carballo Family History: Carballo Family Tree & Genealogy
  11. ^ "Alfredo Branas Menendez (1859-1900). Colored ngraving".
  12. ^ "Fernando Cabeza Quiles Books - List of books by Fernando Cabeza Quiles".
  13. ^ Gallego, Grupo El Correo. "Un libro analiza a toponimia e antroponimia galegas de orixe celta e enlaza Galicia con países europeos".
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-01-30. Retrieved 2016-01-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-08. Retrieved 2015-10-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links

Carballo (Narcea)

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Diego de Souza (footballer, born 1984)

Diego Alejandro de Souza Carballo (born 14 May 1984 in Melo) is a Uruguayan footballer. He plays for El Tanque Sisley as a midfielder. He is nicknamed "Pepe" and "El ojo".

Felipe Carballo

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Héctor Federico Carballo

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Jesús Carballo

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José Rodríguez Carballo

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Juan Bautista Topete

Juan Bautista Topete y Carballo (24 May 1821 – 29 October 1885), Spanish admiral and politician.

He was born in San Andrés Tuxtla, Mexico. His father and grandfather were also Spanish admirals. He entered the navy at the age of seventeen, cut out a Carlist vessel in 1839, and became a midshipman at twenty-two, obtaining the cross of naval merit for saving the life of a sailor in 1841 and became a lieutenant in 1845. He served on the West Indian station for three years, and was engaged in repressing the slave trade before he was promoted frigate captain in 1857. He was promoted chief of staff to the fleet during the Moroccan War, 1859, after which he received the crosses of Saint Ferdinad and Saint Hermenegild.Having been appointed chief of the Carrara arsenal at Cádiz, he was elected a deputy and joined the Union Liberal of O'Donnell and Serrano. He was sent out to the Pacific in command of the frigate "Blanca," and was present at the bombardment of Valparaíso and Callao, where he was badly wounded, and in other engagements of the war between Chile and Peru.On his return to Spain, Topete was made port captain at Cádiz, which enabled him to take the lead of the conspiracy in the fleet against the Bourbon monarchy. He sent the steamer "Buenaventura" to the Canary Islands for Serrano and the other exiles; and when Prim and Sagasta arrived from Gibraltar, the whole fleet under the influence of Topete took such an attitude that the people, garrison and authorities of Cádiz followed suit.Topete took part in all the posts of the revolutionary government, accepted the post of marine minister, was elected a member of the Cortes in 1869, and supported the pretensions of Antoine, Duke of Montpensier. He initially opposed the election of Amadeus, but latter sat on several cabinets seats of that king's reign. He was prosecuted by the federal republic of 1873 and again took charge of the marine under Serrano in 1874. After the Restoration, he was held aloof for many years, but finally accepted the presidency of a naval board in 1877. Later, he sat in the Senate as a life peer until his death in Madrid.

Julio Adalberto Rivera Carballo

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Marcelo Carballo

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Miguel Ángel Carballo

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Néstor Carballo

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Pablo Carballo

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Ramiro Carballo

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Ricardo Carballo

Ricardo Carballo Calero (also known Ricardo Carvalho Calero after to 1981) (Ferrol, 1910 - Santiago de Compostela, 1990) was a Galician philologist, academic and writer. He was the first Professor of Galician Language and Literature at the University of Santiago de Compostela. He was a member of the Royal Galician Academy, the Lisbon Academy of Sciences, and also an honorary member of the Galician Language Association. He was one of the main theorists of contemporary Galician reintegrationism and his works on this field are considered a primary reference. Many consider Carballo Calero as one of the most prominent figures of the twentieth century Galician intelligentsia.

Solamente para Bajitos

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Municipalities of the province of A Coruña


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