Captain lieutenant

Captain lieutenant or captain-lieutenant is a military rank, used in a number of navies worldwide and formerly in the British Army. It is generally equivalent to the Commonwealth or US naval rank of lieutenant, and has the NATO rank code of OF-2, though this can vary.

Finland, Denmark and Norway

The same rank is used in the navies of Finland (kapteeniluutnantti), Denmark (kaptajnløjtnant) and Norway (kapteinløytnant). The latest revision of the relevant NATO STANAG standardization agreement makes the longstanding courtesy practice of translating the rank into English as "lieutenant commander" for all German, Danish and Norwegian officers of that rank official.[1]

The Norwegian Navy goes a step further in ranking the kapteinløytnant as OF-3 when serving afloat, disregarding the Norwegian national tri-service ranking (which still equates the kapteinløytnant with the Army rank of kaptein).[2][3]

Estonia

In the Estonian Navy the similarly sounding rank of kaptenleitnant is an officer rank classified as NATO OF-4, i.e. equal to commander in the Royal Navy and United States Navy.[4] As the commander of the Estonian Navy is a captain,[5] this is the de facto second highest rank in the Estonian Navy.

France

The French Army of the Ancien Régime used a rank of capitaine-lieutenant very similar to the British one. It was mostly encountered in the Royal Guard (maison militaire du roi), where the king was officially captain of most of the guard companies, but the effective command was in the hands of a captain-lieutenant. D'Artagnan is perhaps the most famous captain-lieutenant in French history, as commander of the first mousquetaire company.

Germany

Kapitänleutnant is an OF2 rank equivalent to the Hauptmann (en: Captain) in the German Army and the German Air Force.

See also

Netherlands

In the Royal Netherlands Navy, a kapitein-luitenant ter zee is equivalent to a US Navy or Royal Navy commander (OF-4).

Portugal and Brazil

In the Portuguese Navy, a capitão-tenente is the equivalent naval rank to a British or American lieutenant commander (OF-3).

The Brazilian Navy uses the rank of capitão-tenente, in the same manner as the Navy of Portugal, but in contrast to those of other South American countries. It is equivalent to the USN and RN lieutenant (OF-2).

Slavophone armed forces

Russia

Kapitan-leytenant (Russian: капитан-лейтенант) is a rank in the Russian Navy, previously the Red Fleet/Soviet Navy and Imperial Russian Navy. It is the rank below a captain of the 3rd rank and above a senior lieutenant. In Soviet times, it may be achieved as early as an officer's 5th year of service. In Russian and other East-European navies it is the most senior junior officer rank (equivalent to "captain" in the Army/Ground Forces).

The Russian Navy assigns this rank the two-and-a-half stripe insignia used in Britain and the US for lieutenant commanders. On the other hand, the US Navy considers this rank equivalent to lieutenant.

In terms of responsibilities, officers of this rank may serve as department heads on larger warships, but may also serve as commanding officers of 3rd and 4th rank warships (Russian ship classifications referring to all from Krivak-class frigates to gunboats and minesweepers).

Unlike the equivalent OF2-rank Kapitänleutnant in the German Navy, submarines are at least nominally not on the list of eligible positions. In the past, when the boats were smaller, captain-lieutenants were eligible for the submarine command. However, in current Soviet/Russian ship ranking no modern submarine is given 3rd rank. This reflects the high status of submarines, as all nuclear submarines (SSBN or SSN) are considered 1st rank and large and medium diesels 2nd rank, while smaller 3rd rank submarines simply aren't built.[6]

Sequence of ranks in the Russian Federation Navy
junior rank:
Starshy leytenant
(Старший лейтенант)

Emblem of the Военно-Морской Флот Российской Федерации
Kapitan-leytenant
(OF-2)
senior rank:
Kapitan 3rd rank
(Капитан 3его ранга)
Rank insignia IRA, Soviet Navy, RF Navy
Kapitan-leytenant
(OF-3) (OF-2)
Flag of Russia IRN Kapitan-leytenant 1911.jpg RAF N F2CaptLt 1943-1955 RAF N F2CaptLt since 2010par.svg Rus navy-kapitan RAF N F2-KaptLt 2010– RAF N F2-KaptLt sleeve
shoulder board
(1703−1911)
shoulder board
(1943−1955)
shoulder board
(1955−1991)
... everyday
uniform
shoulder board / sleeve insignia
(after 2010)

Bulgaria, Latvia

The rank is also used by the navies of several ex-Soviet republics and former Eastern bloc countries. It is used in the navies of Latvia (kapteiņleitnants). These are equivalent to lieutenant (OF-2).

Ukrainian Navy

Captain-Lieutenant (Ukrainian: Капітан-лейтенант) is a rank in the Ukrainian Navy. These are equivalent to lieutenant (OF-2).

The armed forces of Ukraine, formed during the collapse of the USSR, adopted the Soviet model of military ranks, as well as the Soviet marks of distinction. For the distinguishing marks, the captain-lieutenant had three tapes (two medium tapes, one above narrow one) on the sleeve, and chains of one lumen on which four small five-pointed stars were placed.

On July 5, 2016, the President of Ukraine approves the "Uniform Design and Signs of the Distinction of the Armed Forces of Ukraine". The draft includes, among other things, military ranks and distinguishing marks for military personnel. The marks of the distinction of servicemen are changing, departing from the Soviet standard.

November 20, 2017 issued by the order of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine No. & nbsp; 606, which specifies the rules for wearing and using uniform weapons by military personnel[7][8]. The distinguishing marks of the captain-lieutenant become three tapes (two middle ones, one narrow one among which). The distinguishing marks are placed on both the sleeves and on the coats.

Rank insignia UA Navy
Captain-Lieutenant
(OF-2)
Emblem of the Ukrainian Navy UA-CLT-NAV.jpg UNER14 UNSR04
shoulder board
(1995−2016)
shoulder board / sleeve insignia
(after 2016)
Junior rank
Senior Lieutenant
(Старший лейтенант)

Emblem of the Ukrainian Navy.svg
Ukrainian Navy
Captain-Lieutenant
(Капітан-лейтенант)
Senior rank
Captain 3nd rank
(Капітан ІІІ рангу)

United Kingdom

Captain-lieutenant was formerly a rank in the British Army; the senior subaltern rank, above lieutenant and below captain.

A regiment's field officers - its colonel, lieutenant colonel, and major - originally commanded their own companies, as well as carrying out their regimental command duties.

However, from the 17th century onwards, the colonel increasingly became a patron and ceremonial head instead of an actual tactical commander, with command in the field devolving to the lieutenant colonel. This left the colonel's company without a captain.

The lieutenant of this company thus became its acting captain. This state of affairs was formally recognised with the creation of the rank of captain-lieutenant, with its own entry in the table of prices for the purchase of commissions.

In 1772 captain-lieutenants were granted rank as captains in their regiments and in the Army.[9] The rank was abolished sometime in the early 19th century.

References

  1. ^ NATO STANAG 2116 of 25 February 2010
  2. ^ Norwegian Ministry of Defence decree of 18 May 1977
  3. ^ NATO STANAG 2116 of 25 February 2010
  4. ^ Naval rank table of the Estonian Navy (Estonian)
  5. ^ Official CV of Captain Igor Schwede Archived September 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Polmar, N. (1991) The Naval Institute Guide the Soviet Navy
  7. ^ Текст наказу Міністерства оборони України №606 від 20.11.2017 р.
  8. ^ Текст наказу Міністерства оборони України №606 від 20.11.2017 р. на сайті Ліга Закон
  9. ^ "No. 11251". The London Gazette. 23–26 May 1772. p. 1.

See also

Captain (naval)

Captain is the name most often given in English-speaking navies to the rank corresponding to command of the largest ships. The rank is equal to the army rank of colonel.

Equivalent ranks worldwide include "ship-of-the-line captain" (e.g. France, Argentina, Spain), "captain of sea and war" (e.g. Portugal), "captain at sea" (e.g. Germany, Netherlands) and "captain of the first rank" (Russia).

The NATO rank code is OF-5, although the United States of America uses the code O-6 for the equivalent rank (as they do for all OF-5 ranks).

Comparative Ranks of Apartheid States in Southern Africa

Rank comparison charts of armies/ land forces of apartheid states and territories in Southern Africa.

Comparative air force officer ranks of Africa

Rank comparison chart of air forces of African states.

Comparative air force officer ranks of the Commonwealth

Rank comparison chart of air forces of Commonwealth of Nations states.

Comparative army officer ranks of Africa

Rank comparison chart of armies/ land forces of African states.

Comparative army officer ranks of Asia

Rank comparison chart of armies/ land forces of Asian states.

Note: Since none of the countries on this list are part of NATO, the conversion to equivalent NATO ranks are approximate.

Comparative army officer ranks of Oceania

Rank comparison chart of armies/ land forces of Oceania states.

Comparative army officer ranks of the Americas

Rank comparison chart of all armies and land forces of North and South American states.

Comparative army officer ranks of the Commonwealth

Rank comparison chart of armies/ land forces of Commonwealth of Nations states.

Comparative navy officer ranks of Asia

Rank comparison chart of navies of Asian states.

Note: Since none of the countries on this list are part of NATO, the conversion to equivalent NATO ranks are approximate.

Comparative navy officer ranks of Europe

Rank comparison chart of all navies of European states.

Comparative navy officer ranks of Post-Soviet states

Rank comparison chart of all navies of Post-Soviet states.

Comparative navy officer ranks of the Commonwealth

Rank comparison chart of naval forces of Commonwealth of Nations states.

Most of the 52 commonwealth nations have their beginnings in British Empire and have shared naval traditions. By comparison Mozambique is a former Portuguese colony. Even after some had achieved a degree of independent government from the UK, their naval protection was still British; the Royal New Zealand Navy did not exist separately until 1941.

Kapitänleutnant

Kapitänleutnant, short: KptLt / in lists: KL, (Lang-en: Captain lieutenant) is an officer grade of the captains' military hierarchy group (German: Hauptleute) of the German Bundeswehr. The rank is rated OF-2 in NATO, and equivalent to Hauptmann in Heer, and Luftwaffe. It is grade A11 or A12 in the pay rules of the Federal Ministry of Defence.

Military ranks of Kenya

The Military ranks of Kenya are the military insignia used by the Kenya Defence Forces. Being a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, Kenya shares a rank structure similar to that of the United Kingdom - especially the British Army. Unlike other Commonwealth armed forces, the rank system used by the RAF and the RN is not used.

Military ranks of Maldives

The Military ranks of Maldives are based on the traditional British military system and U.S. military system. The highest flag rank ever awarded was that of lieutenant general, in a non-military capacity to the previous Defence Minister Abdul Sattar, although the president being the commander in chief also holds the rank of general in a non-military capacity.

Military ranks of Tunisia

The Military ranks of Tunisia are the military insignia used by the Tunisian Armed Forces. Being a former colony of France, Tunisia shares a rank structure similar to that of France.

Rank insignia of the Ugandan People's Defense Force

The Military ranks of Uganda are the military insignia used by the Uganda People's Defence Force. Being a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, Uganda shares a rank structure similar to that of the United Kingdom. Uganda is a landlocked country, and does therefore not possess a navy.

Ship-of-the-line lieutenant

Ship-of-the-line lieutenant is a common naval rank, equivalent to the modern naval rank of lieutenant in the UK, the Commonwealth and the USA. The name of the rank derives from the name of the largest class of warship, the ship of the line, as opposed to smaller types of warship (corvettes and frigates).

While obsolete in most modern navies, some naval forces and merchant fleets still use the rank: lieutenant de vaisseau in French, tenente di vascello in Italian, teniente de navío in Spanish, sorhajóhadnagy in the Hungarian, and Linienschiffsleutnant in the Austrian merchant fleet, while the German Bundesmarine and German merchant fleet use the rank of Captain lieutenant (Kapitänleutnant), like it is the case in other European navies.

The NATO rank code is OF-2.

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