The army rank of captain (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers. The rank is also used by some air forces and marine forces. Today, a captain is typically either the commander or second-in-command of a company or artillery battery (or United States Army cavalry troop or Commonwealth squadron). In the Chinese People's Liberation Army, a captain may also command a company, or be the second-in-command of a battalion.
In NATO countries, the rank of captain is described by the code OF-2 and is one rank above an OF-1 (lieutenant or first lieutenant) and one below an OF-3 (major or commandant). The rank of captain is generally considered to be the highest rank a soldier can achieve while remaining in the field.
In some militaries, such as United States Army and Air Force and the British Army, captain is the entry-level rank for officer candidates possessing a professional degree, namely, most medical professionals (doctors, pharmacists, dentists) and lawyers. In the U.S.. Army, lawyers who are not already officers at captain rank or above enter as lieutenants during training, and are promoted to the rank of captain after completion of their training if they are in the active component, or after a certain amount of time, usually one year from their date of commission as a lieutenant, for the reserve components.
The military rank of captain was in use from the 1560s, referring to an officer who commands a company. The naval sense, an officer who commands a man-of-war, is somewhat earlier, from the 1550s, later extended in meaning to "master or commander of any kind of vessel". A captain in the period prior to the professionalization of the armed services of European nations subsequent to the French Revolution, during the early modern period, was a nobleman who purchased the right to head a company from the previous holder of that right. He would in turn receive money from another nobleman to serve as his lieutenant. The funding to provide for the troops came from the monarch or his government; the captain had to be responsible for it. If he was not, or was otherwise court-martialed, he would be dismissed ("cashiered"), and the monarch would receive money from another nobleman to command the company. Otherwise, the only pension for the captain was selling the right to another nobleman when he was ready to retire.
Many air forces, such as the United States Air Force, use a rank structure and insignia similar to those of the army.
However, the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force, many other Commonwealth air forces and a few non-Commonwealth air forces use an air force-specific rank structure in which flight lieutenant is OF-2. A group captain is OF-5 and was derived from the naval rank of captain.
|Rank name||Country name|
|"Kapitán", Capitán, Captain||Philippines|
|Kapetan (Капетан)||Bosnia, Serbia|
|Bo Gyi (ဗိုလ်ကြီး)||Myanmar|
|Phu Kong (ผู้กอง)||Thailand|
|Roi Ek (ร้อยเอก)||Thailand|
|Taewi (대위)||South Korea|
|Taii (大尉), Ichii (一尉)||Japan|
|Капетан (Kapetan)||North Macedonia|
A variety of images illustrative of different forces' insignia for captain (or captain-equivalents) are shown below:
Captain is a title for the commander of a military unit, the commander of a ship, airplane, spacecraft, or other vessel, or the commander of a port, fire department or police department, election precinct, etc. Captain is a military rank in armies, navies, coast guards, etc., typically at the level of an officer commanding a company of infantry, a ship, or a battery of artillery, or similar distinct unit. The terms also may be used as an informal or honorary title for persons in similar commanding roles.
The term "captain" derives from katepánō (Greek: κατεπάνω, lit. "[the one] placed at the top", or "the topmost") which was used as title for a senior Byzantine military rank and office. The word was Latinized as capetanus/catepan, and its meaning seems to have merged with that of the late Latin "capitaneus" (which derives from the classical Latin word "caput", meaning head). This hybridized term gave rise to the English language term captain and its equivalents in other languages (Capitan, Capitaine, Capitano, Capitão, Kapitan, Kapitän, Kapitein, Kapteeni, Kapten, kapitány, Kapudan Pasha, Kobtan, etc.).Captain (British Army and Royal Marines)
See Captain (armed forces) for other versions of this army and marines rank.Captain (Capt) is a junior officer rank of the British Army and Royal Marines and in both services it ranks above lieutenant and below major with a NATO ranking code of OF-2. The rank is equivalent to a lieutenant in the Royal Navy and to a flight lieutenant in the Royal Air Force. The rank of captain in the Royal Navy is considerably more senior (equivalent to the Army/RM rank of colonel) and the two ranks should not be confused.
In the 21st-century British Army, captains are often appointed to be second-in-command of a company or equivalent sized unit of up to 120 soldiers.Chief of Chaplains
Chief of Chaplains may refer to:
Chaplain General, a term used in the Anglican Church
Chaplain General section of Military Chaplain, term used by some militaries for senior chaplain, synonymous with Chief of Chaplains
Chief of Chaplains of the United States Army
Chief of Chaplains of the United States Navy
Chief of Chaplains of the United States Air Force
Chiefs of Chaplains of the United States
Current U.S. Military Chiefs of Chaplains (template)Also:
Chaplain of the United States Marine Corps, Senior Chaplain in the U.S. Marines, a position filled by the Deputy Chief of Chaplains in the United States Navy
Chaplain of the Coast Guard, Senior Chaplain in the U.S. Coast Guard, a position filled by a senior U.S. Navy Chaplain at the rank of U.S. Navy Captain
Armed Forces Chaplains Board, a U.S. military board made up of the three Chiefs of Chaplains and active-duty Deputy Chiefs of Chaplains of the Army, Navy, and Air ForceFirst Captain
First Captain may refer to:
Senior Captain or First Captain, a rank of various armies
Captain of the Fleet or First Captain, chief-of-staff to an admiral in charge of a fleet in the Royal Navy
First Captain, the title given to the senior ranking cadet, the Brigade Commander, of the United States Military Academy or Virginia Military Institute, which is organized as a brigade, see United States Military Academy#Rank and organizationSecond Captain
Second Captain may refer to:
Flag captain, or second captain, serving as the ship captain of a flagship of a fleet under an admiral whose chief of staff was the first captain of the fleet.
Junior captain, or second captain, a type of Captain (armed forces)
Second Captain, an antiquated rank below Captain (British Army and Royal Marines) used by the British Military during the 19th century, generally in the Ordnance and Royal Regiment of Artillery.
Second Captains, an Irish media company
Second Captains Live, Irish sports and entertainment show
|Field marshal or
General of the Army
the air force
|Admiral||General||Air chief marshal|
|Vice admiral||Lieutenant general||Air marshal|
|Rear admiral||Major general||Air vice-marshal|
|Commander||Lieutenant colonel||Wing commander|
junior grade or
|Second lieutenant||Pilot officer|
|Officer cadet||Officer cadet||Flight cadet|
|Warrant officer or
chief petty officer
|Warrant officer or
|Leading seaman||Corporal or