Captain (armed forces)

The army rank of captain (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers. The rank is also used by some air forces and marine forces. Today, a captain is typically either the commander or second-in-command of a company or artillery battery (or United States Army cavalry troop or Commonwealth squadron). In the Chinese People's Liberation Army, a captain may also command a company, or be the second-in-command of a battalion.

In NATO countries, the rank of captain is described by the code OF-2 and is one rank above an OF-1 (lieutenant or first lieutenant) and one below an OF-3 (major or commandant). The rank of captain is generally considered to be the highest rank a soldier can achieve while remaining in the field.

In some militaries, such as United States Army and Air Force and the British Army, captain is the entry-level rank for officer candidates possessing a professional degree, namely, most medical professionals (doctors, pharmacists, dentists) and lawyers. In the U.S.. Army, lawyers who are not already officers at captain rank or above enter as lieutenants during training, and are promoted to the rank of captain after completion of their training if they are in the active component, or after a certain amount of time, usually one year from their date of commission as a lieutenant, for the reserve components.

The rank of captain should not be confused with the naval rank of captain or with the UK-influenced air force rank of group captain, both of which are equivalent to the army rank of colonel.

History

The term ultimately goes back to Late Latin capitaneus meaning "chief, prominent"; in Middle English adopted as capitayn in the 14th century, from Old French capitaine.

The military rank of captain was in use from the 1560s, referring to an officer who commands a company. The naval sense, an officer who commands a man-of-war, is somewhat earlier, from the 1550s, later extended in meaning to "master or commander of any kind of vessel". A captain in the period prior to the professionalization of the armed services of European nations subsequent to the French Revolution, during the early modern period, was a nobleman who purchased the right to head a company from the previous holder of that right. He would in turn receive money from another nobleman to serve as his lieutenant. The funding to provide for the troops came from the monarch or his government; the captain had to be responsible for it. If he was not, or was otherwise court-martialed, he would be dismissed ("cashiered"), and the monarch would receive money from another nobleman to command the company. Otherwise, the only pension for the captain was selling the right to another nobleman when he was ready to retire.

Air forces

Many air forces, such as the United States Air Force, use a rank structure and insignia similar to those of the army.

However, the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force, many other Commonwealth air forces and a few non-Commonwealth air forces[1] use an air force-specific rank structure in which flight lieutenant is OF-2. A group captain is OF-5 and was derived from the naval rank of captain.

In the unified system of the Canadian Forces, the air force rank titles are pearl grey and increase from OF-1 to OF-5 in half strip increments.[2]

Equivalent captain ranks

Rank name Country name
Kapitani Georgia
Akhmad Mongolia
Capitaine Belgium (Fr.)
Capitaine France
Capitano Italy
Capitán Spain
Capitão Brazil
Capitão Portugal
Căpitan Romania
Hauptmann Austria
Germany
Switzerland
Hauptsturmführer Waffen-SS
Jeg-tooran (جګتورن) Afghanistan
"Kapitán", Capitán, Captain Philippines
Kapetan (Капетан) Bosnia, Serbia
Kapitan Russia
Kapitan Ukraine
Kapitan Poland
Kapitan Azerbaijan
Kapitan (Капитан) Bulgaria
Kapitan (Капитан) Russia
Kapitan (Капітан) Ukraine
Kapitein Netherlands
Kapitein Belgium (NL.)
Kapteinis Latvia
Kapitonas Lithuania
Kapitán Czech Rep.
Kapitán Slovakia
Kaptajn Denmark
Kaptan (کپتان) Pakistan
Kapteeni Finland
Kaptein Norway
Kapten Indonesia
Kapten Sweden
Lochagos (Λοχαγός) Greece
Bo Gyi (ဗိုလ်ကြီး) Myanmar
Phu Kong (ผู้กอง) Thailand
Roi Ek (ร้อยเอก) Thailand
Satnik Croatia
Stotnik Slovenia
Seren (סרן) Israel
Shangwei (上尉), China
Shangwei (上尉), Taiwan
Százados Hungary
Taewi (대위) South Korea
Taii (大尉), Ichii (一尉) Japan
Yüzbaşı Turkey
Đại Úy Vietnam
Капетан (Kapetan) North Macedonia

Insignia

A variety of images illustrative of different forces' insignia for captain (or captain-equivalents) are shown below:

Capitán Arg
Argentine Army
(Capitán)
Capitão-V
Brazilian Army
(Capitão)
Capitaine1
Capitaine
French Army
Ingénieur de l'AE 4-6e échelon
Capitaine des Eaux et Forêts
French Forests Office
Georgia Army OF-3
კაპიტანი (kapitani) Georgian Army
231-Hauptmann
Hauptmann
German Army
Lochagos
Hellenic Army
IE-Army-OF2
Captaen
Irish Army
Capitano
Italian Army
Kapetan-arm
Капетан (Kapetan)
Macedonian Army
Capitán
Mexican Army
Nl-landmacht-kapitein ritmeester
Kapitein
Royal Netherlands Army
PHIL ARMY CPT FD-Sh
Capitán (Spanish)
Kapitán (Tagalog)
Philippine Army
Army-POL-OF-02
Kapitan
Polish Army
капита́н (kapitán)
Russian army
Kapten
Swedish Army
CHE OF2 Hptm
Hauptmann
Swiss Armed Forces
上尉 (Shàngwèi)
Taiwanese army
Roi Ek (ร้อยเอก)
Royal Thai Army
Bo Gyi
Myanmar Army
Army-USA-OF-02
U.S. Army (dress, garrison)
Captain rank, U.S. Army OCP
U.S. Army (field, combat)
CPT-ACU
U.S. Army (field, combat)
US Marine O3 shoulderboard vertical
U.S. Marine Corps[3] (dress, garrison)
Captain subdued rank insignia, USMC
U.S. Marine Corps[3] (field, combat)

Historical

Hauptmann
German Army (1935 to 1945)
SS-Hauptsturmführer collar
Hauptmann
German Waffen-SS (1935 to 1945)
капита́н (kapitán)
Soviet Army
US Army O3
U.S. Army (September 1959 to October 2015)[4]
Confederate States of America Captain
C.S. Army (1861 to 1865)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The U.S. Marine Corps insignia for captain is slightly different from the USA / USAF insignia depicted above in that it lacks beveled edges and the cross-bars are further towards the ends. See collar insignia for U.S. Navy lieutenant.

References

  1. ^ Non-Commonwealth air forces using an air force-specific rank structure include the Egyptian Air Force, Hellenic Air Force, Royal Air Force of Oman, Royal Thai Air Force and the Air Force of Zimbabwe.
  2. ^ Force, Government of Canada, National Defence, Royal Canadian Air. "Article - Royal Canadian Air Force - Backgrounder - New insignia for the Royal Canadian Air Force". www.rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca.
  3. ^ a b Defense Logistics Agency (27 May 2016). "Insignia, Rank, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy and Captain, U.S. Marine Corps". Quick Search Assist. Building 4/D, 700 Robbins Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094: DLA Document Services. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  4. ^ Jahner, Kyle (1 October 2015). "The end of the Green Service Uniform: 1954-2015". Army Times. Military Times.
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The transcript is incomplete with 22,795 entries, while the actual DNSAP member file had 50,000 entries.

The year the Bovrup File was published, the court of Copenhagen classified the file leaving only historians with access to it.

In November 2018 an association of Danish genealogists published the subset of 5,265 entries for members born in 1908 or before, i.e. at least 110 years ago.

Byington Ford

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Captain

Captain is a title for the commander of a military unit, the commander of a ship, airplane, spacecraft, or other vessel, or the commander of a port, fire department or police department, election precinct, etc. Captain is a military rank in armies, navies, coast guards, etc., typically at the level of an officer commanding a company of infantry, a ship, or a battery of artillery, or similar distinct unit. The terms also may be used as an informal or honorary title for persons in similar commanding roles.

Captain (British Army and Royal Marines)

See Captain (armed forces) for other versions of this army and marines rank.Captain (Capt) is a junior officer rank of the British Army and Royal Marines and in both services it ranks above lieutenant and below major with a NATO ranking code of OF-2. The rank is equivalent to a lieutenant in the Royal Navy and to a flight lieutenant in the Royal Air Force. The rank of captain in the Royal Navy is considerably more senior (equivalent to the Army/RM rank of colonel) and the two ranks should not be confused.

In the 21st-century British Army, captains are often appointed to be second-in-command of a company or equivalent sized unit of up to 120 soldiers.

Chief of Chaplains

Chief of Chaplains may refer to:

Chaplain General, a term used in the Anglican Church

Chaplain General section of Military Chaplain, term used by some militaries for senior chaplain, synonymous with Chief of Chaplains

Chief of Chaplains of the United States Army

Chief of Chaplains of the United States Navy

Chief of Chaplains of the United States Air Force

Chiefs of Chaplains of the United States

Current U.S. Military Chiefs of Chaplains (template)Also:

Chaplain of the United States Marine Corps, Senior Chaplain in the U.S. Marines, a position filled by the Deputy Chief of Chaplains in the United States Navy

Chaplain of the Coast Guard, Senior Chaplain in the U.S. Coast Guard, a position filled by a senior U.S. Navy Chaplain at the rank of U.S. Navy Captain

Armed Forces Chaplains Board, a U.S. military board made up of the three Chiefs of Chaplains and active-duty Deputy Chiefs of Chaplains of the Army, Navy, and Air Force

First Captain

First Captain may refer to:

Senior Captain or First Captain, a rank of various armies

Captain of the Fleet or First Captain, chief-of-staff to an admiral in charge of a fleet in the Royal Navy

First Captain, the title given to the senior ranking cadet, the Brigade Commander, of the United States Military Academy or Virginia Military Institute, which is organized as a brigade, see United States Military Academy#Rank and organization

Second Captain

Second Captain may refer to:

Flag captain, or second captain, serving as the ship captain of a flagship of a fleet under an admiral whose chief of staff was the first captain of the fleet.

Junior captain, or second captain, a type of Captain (armed forces)

Second Captain, an antiquated rank below Captain (British Army and Royal Marines) used by the British Military during the 19th century, generally in the Ordnance and Royal Regiment of Artillery.

Second Captains, an Irish media company

Second Captains Live, Irish sports and entertainment show

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Marshal of
the air force
Admiral General Air chief marshal
Vice admiral Lieutenant general Air marshal
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brigadier general
Air commodore
Captain Colonel Group captain
Commander Lieutenant colonel Wing commander
Lieutenant
commander
Major or
commandant
Squadron leader
Lieutenant Captain Flight lieutenant
Lieutenant
junior grade
or
sub-lieutenant
Lieutenant or
first lieutenant
Flying officer
Ensign or
midshipman
Second lieutenant Pilot officer
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chief petty officer
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