Cape (geography)

In geography, a cape is a headland or a promontory of large size extending into a body of water, usually the sea.[1] A cape usually represents a marked change in trend of the coastline which makes them prone to natural forms of erosion, mainly tidal actions. This results in capes having a relatively short geological lifespan. Capes can be formed by glaciers, volcanoes, and changes in sea level. Erosion plays a large role in each of these methods of formation.

Cape Cod - Landsat 7
Cape Cod and the islands off the Massachusetts coast, from space
Panorama Laghetti di Marinello e Tindari
Cape Tindari and Marinello lagoons, Sicily

List of some well-known capes

Country Cape Significance
Albania Cape of Gjuhëz, Karaburun Peninsula
Cape of Rodon
Argentina Cape Virgenes
Australia Cape Byron
Cape Leeuwin
Cape York
Brazil Cape São Roque
Ponta do Seixas (Cape Branco)
Bulgaria Cape Emine
Cape Kaliakra
Canada Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia
Cape Chidley, Newfoundland and Labrador / Nunavut
Cape Columbia, Nunavut Northernmost point in Canada 83°6′41″N 69°57′30″W / 83.11139°N 69.95833°W
Cap Diamant, Quebec City
Cape Race, Newfoundland and Labrador
Cape Spear, Newfoundland and Labrador Easternmost point in Canada 47°31′25″N 52°37′10″W / 47.52361°N 52.61944°W
Murchison Promontory, Nunavut Northern tip of mainland North America 72°00′00″N 94°38′59″W / 72.00000°N 94.64972°W
Chile Cape Froward
Cape Horn Northern boundary of the Drake Passage
Meetingplace of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
Cyprus Cape Greco
Djibouti and Eritrea Ras Doumeira Northernmost point in Djibouti
Southern point in Eritrea
Eritrea and Sudan Ras Kasar Northernmost point in Eritrea
Easternmost point in Sudan
France Cap Gris Nez Closest point of France to England
Germany Cape Arkona
Ghana Cape Coast
Greece Cape Matapan (Cape Tainaron), on Peloponnesus) Southern tip of mainland Europe 36°23′06″N 22°28′58″E / 36.38500°N 22.48278°E
Greenland Cape Discord
Cape Farewell Southernmost point of Greenland 59°46′23″N 43°55′21″W / 59.77306°N 43.92250°W
Cape Morris Jesup Northernmost point of mainland Greenland 83°37′39″N 32°39′52″W / 83.62750°N 32.66444°W
India Cape Comorin Southernmost point of Mainland India, at the trijunction of Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal and, Indian Ocean.
Cabo de Rama
Diu Head
False Divi Point
False Point
Headland Sada (Goa)
Indira Point Southernmost point of India, at the trijunction of Andaman Sea, Bay of Bengal and, the Strait of Malacca.
Palmyras Point
Point Calimere
Latvia Cape Kolka
Liberia Cape Mesurado Location of Monrovia
Cape Palmas Southernmost point in Liberia 4°22′34″N 7°43′01″W / 4.37611°N 7.71694°W
Grand Cape Mount
Mauritania Cape Blanc
Malawi Cape Maclear
Mexico Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur
Morocco Cape Juby
Cape Three Forks
Myanmar Cape Negrais Known as Pagoda Point or Mawtin Point (Mawtin Zoon). It is located 133 km to the NNE of Preparis Island and 193 km from the nearest point in the Indian union territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
New Zealand Cape Egmont
Cape Foulwind
Cape Kidnappers
Cape Reinga
East Cape
North Cape
Norway Cape Nordkinn Northern tip of mainland Europe 71°08′02″N 27°39′00″E / 71.13389°N 27.65000°E
North Cape
Pakistan Ras Muari
Ras Jaddi
Portugal Cabo da Roca Western tip of mainland Europe 38°46′5″N 9°30′2″W / 38.76806°N 9.50056°W
Cape St. Vincent / Sagres Point Southwestern tip of mainland Europe 37°1′30″N 8°59′40″W / 37.02500°N 8.99444°W
Philippines Cape Engaño
Russia Cape Chelyuskin Northern tip of mainland Asia 77°44′0″N 104°15′0″E / 77.73333°N 104.25000°E
Cape Dezhnev Easternmost point in mainland Asia 66°4′45″N 169°39′7″W / 66.07917°N 169.65194°W
Senegal Cap-Vert Westernmost point in mainland Africa 14°44′41″N 17°31′13″W / 14.74472°N 17.52028°W
Location of Dakar (capital of Senegal)
Somalia Cape Guardafui Second easternmost point in mainland Africa 11°49′N 51°15′E / 11.817°N 51.250°E
South Africa Cape Agulhas Southernmost point in mainland Africa 34°51′15″S 17°33′22″E / 34.85417°S 17.55611°E
Beginning of dividing line between the Atlantic and Indian Oceans
Cape of Good Hope
South Korea Seopjikoji
Spain Cape Finisterre
Cape Trafalgar
Tunisia Cap Bon
Ras ben Sakka Northernmost point in mainland Africa 37°21′00″N 9°45′00″E / 37.350°N 9.750°E
Boto
Turkey Cape Baba Western tip of mainland Asia 39°28′46.88″N 26°3′50.29″E / 39.4796889°N 26.0639694°E
Sarayburnu, İstanbul Easternmost point of Istanbul
Separates the Golden Horn Bay from the Sea of Marmara 41°01′01″N 28°59′11″E / 41.0169°N 28.9864°E
United Kingdom Cape Cornwall, Cornwall
Cape Wrath, Scotland
United States Cape Ann, Massachusetts
Cape Canaveral, Florida Location of Kennedy Space Center
Cape Charles, Virginia
Cape Cod, Massachusetts
Cape Coral, Florida
Cape Fear, North Carolina
Cape Flattery, Washington Northwest point of the contiguous United States
Cape Girardeau, Missouri
Capes on the Mississippi River
Cape Hatteras, North Carolina
Cape Henlopen, Delaware
Cape Henry, Virginia
Cape Lookout, North Carolina
Cape May, New Jersey
Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska
Cape San Blas, Florida
Cape Elizabeth, Maine
Cape Sable, Florida Southernmost point of the contiguous United States 25°7′6″N 81°5′11″W / 25.11833°N 81.08639°W
Venezuela Cape San Román Northernmost point of Paraguaná Peninsula 12°11′46″N 70°0′59″W / 12.19611°N 70.01639°W
Vietnam Mũi Né

Gallery

Cape Cornwall

Cape Cornwall, England

Nasa photo cape fear

Satellite image of Cape Fear, North Carolina

Cape McLear, Malawi (2499273862)

Cape McLear, Malawi

Cape horn

Map depicting Cape Horn at the southernmost portion of South America

Spain.Santander.Cabo.Mayor.jpeg

Photograph of Cabo Mayor in Santander, Spain

Cape Campbell sunrise

Photograph of Cape Cambell, New Zealand, at sunrise

See also

References

  1. ^ Whittow, John (1984). Dictionary of Physical Geography. London: Penguin, 1984, p. 80. ISBN 0-14-051094-X.
Addo, Eastern Cape

Addo is a town in Sarah Baartman District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.

Region east of the Sundays River, some 72 km northeast of Port Elizabeth. In 1931 about 680 hectares (1,700 acres) were enclosed to form the Addo Elephant National Park. The name is also borne by a railway station, post office and bridge. Of Khoekhoen origin, the name probably means 'euphorbia ravine'.

Alice, Eastern Cape

Alice is a small town in South Africa that is named after The Princess Alice, daughter of the British Queen Victoria. Settled in 1824 by British colonists adjacent to the Tyhume River.

Bonteheuwel

Bonteheuwel is a former Coloured township in Cape Town in the Western Cape province of South Africa.

Capri Village

Capri Village is a suburb in Cape Town, South Africa, situated between Kommetjie, Fish Hoek and Noordhoek.

Douglas, Northern Cape

Douglas is an agricultural and stock farming town situated near the confluence of the Orange and Vaal Rivers in the Northern Cape province of South Africa. Notably the rural town has a diverse population, with mostly state institutions and the anchor private employer, GWK, an agricultural company.

Edgemead

Edgemead is one of the Atlantic Seaboard suburbs of Cape Town. It is one of several garden cities of South Africa, the first being Pinelands in the southern suburbs. Edgemead is mainly residential, and as the name 'garden city' suggests, is noted for its trees, gardens and generally pleasant environment. Other 'garden cities' that have followed are Pinehurst near Durbanville in the northwest extreme of Cape Town, still under construction but already occupied, and Sunningdale near Milnerton.

There are two schools in Edgemead: Edgemead Primary and Edgemead High. Edgemead also has the Edgemead Cricket Club (ECC), which has recently been promoted to the premier league. The neighbourhood is also the location of the Goodwood Centre of Excellence, a medium security prison run by the South African Department of Correctional Services.

Harfield Village

Harfield Village is a suburb in the south of Cape Town. Its neighbouring suburbs are Kenilworth and Claremont, Cape Town.

Harkerville

Harkerville is a settlement in Garden Route District Municipality in the Western Cape province of South Africa.

Heideveld

Heideveld is a town or suburb in the Athlone part of Cape Town, South Africa. Its name means "heath-field".

Helderberg

Helderberg is a wine-producing area in the Western Cape of South Africa and an area of Cape Town

Originally known as the "Hottentots-Holland" area, it was renamed "Helderberg" by the City of Cape Town following concerns about possible racist connotations in the name. However, many people who live there still refer to it by its former name.

The Helderberg consists of Somerset West, Strand, Gordons Bay and a few other towns. The district takes its name from the imposing Helderberg Mountain, which is Afrikaans for "bright mountain", referring to the way in which the Western side of the mountain is illuminated in the evenings, and culminates at a height of 1137m as The Dome.

Local media in the region include the District Mail, a local newspaper, and Radio Helderberg.

Hoekwil

Hoekwil is a town in Garden Route District Municipality in the Western Cape province of South Africa.

Kensington, Cape Town

Kensington is one of the northern suburbs of Cape Town.

Norwood, Western Cape

Norwood is a suburb of Cape Town, in the Western Cape province of South Africa.

Parel Vallei

Parel Vallei is an affluent suburb of Somerset West in the Western Cape, South Africa. There is a high school, Parel Vallei High School.

There is a section of upper Parel Vallei road that is known as Spook Hill. On this section of the road it appears as if downhill is uphill and vice versa. It is an optical illusion best viewed in front of Straightway Head Country House, at the top of the Parel Vallei Road. Because it appears that cars roll uphill here, Spook Hill has generated discussion whether this apparent phenomenon is an optical illusion, is due to magnetism, or is one of the world’s great unsolved mysteries.

Prieska

Prieska is a town on the south bank of the Orange River, in the province of the Northern Cape, in western South Africa.

It is located on the southern bank of the Orange River, 130 km north-west of Britstown and 75 km south-east of Marydale. It developed from a place to which farmers migrated when the pans were full, after rains. It was administered by a village management board from 1882 and attained municipal status in 1892. The name is derived from Korana and means ‘place of the lost she-goat’.The town is 240 km south of Kimberley and lies on the R357 road. It was originally named Prieschap, a Khoisan word meaning ‘place of the lost she-goat’. The town was founded in 1882, and in 2011 the town had a population of 14,246.

Qunu

for the village in Tibet see Qunu, Tibet.

Qunu (pronounced [ˈk͡ǃuːnu]) is a small rural village in South Africa's Eastern Cape Province, 32 km (20 mi) south-west of Mthatha on the road between Butterworth and Mthatha.

Rheenendal

Rheenendal is a settlement in Garden Route District Municipality in the Western Cape province of South Africa.

Richwood, Cape Town

Richwood is a suburb of Cape Town, South Africa, situated 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north-east of the city centre alongside the N7 freeway. According to the 2011 census it has a population of 2,988 residents in 963 households. The name is a portmanteau of "Richmond Park" and "Goodwood".

Willowmore

Willowmore is a town in Sarah Baartman District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.

The town is situated 140km north-east of Knysna and 117km south-west of Aberdeen. It was laid out in 1862 on the farm The Willows. It is uncertain whether the name is derived from this farm name and that of its owner, William Moore, or from the maiden name of Petronella Catharina Lehmkuhl and a willow-tree near her house.

Landforms
Beaches
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