The word cantonment derives from the French word canton meaning corner or district and describes a place during a military campaign, such as winter quarters, where units of an army may be encamped for longer periods than they are during advances and retreats. The term shares an etymological origin with the Swiss Cantons though the meaning has widely diverged.
In South Asia, the term cantonment also describes permanent military stations. Cantonments can be found in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, South Africa, Singapore, Malaysia, Ghana, Sri Lanka and Nepal. In United States military parlance, a cantonment is an essentially permanent residential (i.e. barracks) section of a fort or other military installation such as Fort Hood.
During a campaign, cantonments are places of encampment formed by troops for a more permanent stay, or while in winter quarters. For example, at the start of the Waterloo campaign in 1815, while the Duke of Wellington's headquarters were in Brussels, most of his Anglo-allied army of 93,000 were cantoned to the south of Brussels.
The Indian Army maintains a training mission in Bhutan, known as the Indian Military Training Team (IMTRAT), responsible for the military training of RBA and RBG personnel.  RBA and RBG officers are sent for training at the National Defence Academy (NDA) in Pune, and Indian Military Academy (IMA) in Dehradun.  Project DANTAK of the Border Roads Organisation, a sub-division of the Indian Army Corps of Engineers, has been operating in Bhutan since May 1961. Since then Project DANTAK has been responsible for the construction and maintenance of over 1,500 km of roads and bridges, Paro Airport and a disused airfield at Yangphula, heliports, and other infrastructure.  While these serve India's strategic defence needs, it is also an obvious economic benefit for the people of Bhutan. Army aviation The Royal Bhutan Army relies on Eastern Air Command of the Indian Air Force for air assistance. In recent years India has helped Bhutan start to develop its military in all areas through military donations and training.  Indian Air Force helicopters evacuated RBA casualties to India for treatment during Operation All Clear in 2003
Many cities in the Indian subcontinent, such as Ahmedabad, Ambala, Belgaum, Bangalore, Danapur, Jabalpur, Kanpur, Bathinda, Delhi, Meerut, Pune, Peshawar, Ramgarh, Rawalpindi, Sialkot, Secunderabad, and Trichy, contained large cantonments of the former British Indian Army, with Meerut and Ramgarh being the most important cantonments in North India after the headquarters at Rawalpindi. Meerut was established in 1803 and was for 150 years the biggest cantonment in the region. While in the 18th and 19th century cantonments in India were viewed as semi-permanent, by the turn of the 20th century they became permanent garrisons, and were further entrenched as such via the military reforms of Lord Kitchener in 1903 and the Cantonments Act of 1924.
In Singapore, the term is used to denote a Police Cantonment.
The United States military commonly uses the term "cantonment" to describe the permanent facilities at U.S. Army training bases as opposed to the field training areas. Cantonment areas often include housing (such as barracks and maid-service quarters), dining facilities, training classrooms, exchanges, and paved air fields.
There are 62 'notified Cantonments' in India occupying an area of 1,57,000 acres: 25 in Central Command, 19 in Southern Command, 13 in Western Command, 4 in Eastern Command; and one in the Northern Command. In addition 15,96,000 acres is in use for military garrisons, "quartering, camping, offices", and training areas. Major cantonments and garrisons are:
Agra Cantonment Assembly constituency (a.k.a. Agra Cantt.) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Agra district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Agra (Lok Sabha constituency). First assembly elections in Agra Cantonment assembly constituency were conducted in 1967 and the extant and serial number of this constituency was last defined in "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008". VVPAT facility with EVMs will be here in 2017 U.P assembly polls.Agra Cantonment railway station
Agra Cantonment is the main railway station in the Indian city of Agra. It is located near the Sadar Bazaar towards the southwest of the city. It lies on the main Delhi-Chennai and one of the Delhi-Mumbai lines.Bangladesh Armed Forces
The Bangladesh Armed Forces (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ সশস্ত্র বাহিনী, Bānlādēśa saśastra bāhinī) consists of the three uniformed military services: the Bangladesh Army, the Bangladesh Navy and the Bangladesh Air Force. The para-military organization Bangladesh National Cadet Corps (BNCC) is a reserved force and directed by Army, Navy, Air Force. It is under the command of Defence Ministry. The para-military Border Guard Bangladesh (formerly Bangladesh Rifles) and Bangladesh Coast Guard are under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Home Affairs during peacetime, but during wartime they fall under the command of Bangladesh Army and Bangladesh Navy respectively.
The President of Bangladesh is the Commander-in-chief of the military, the Armed Forces Division (AFD) is the principal administrative organization by which military policy is formulated and executed and the Ministry of Defence (MoD) does not exercise any authority over the Armed Forces and is far less powerful than the AFD. Currently, both AFD and MoD are headed by the Prime Minister of Bangladesh. To coordinate military policy with diplomacy both the President and the Prime Minister are advised by a six-member advisory board, three Chiefs of Staff, which includes the head of each of the regular services, Principal Staff Officer of the Armed Forces Division, and Military Secretaries to the President and the Prime Minister. The Director Generals of the NSI, the DGFI and the BGB also serve in an advisory capacity.The Armed Forces Day is observed on 21 November. Official functions are held at "Bangabhaban", Armed Forces Division Headquarters, Dhaka Cantonment, and at every military installation throughout the country.Bangladesh Army
The Bangladesh Army (BA, Bengali: বাংলাদেশ সেনাবাহিনী, Bangladesh Senabahini) is the land forces branch and the largest of the three defence service of the Bangladesh Armed Forces. The primary mission of the Army is to provide necessary forces and capabilities in support of Bangladesh's security and defence strategies including defence of the nation's territorial integrity against external attack. Control and operations are administered by the Department of the Army of the Armed Forces Division. In addition to its primary mission the Bangladesh Army is also constitutionally obligated to assist the civilian government during times of national emergency. This role is commonly referred to as "aid to civil administration".Bareilly Cantonment (Assembly constituency)
Bareilly Cantt. Assembly constituency (Hindi: बरेली कैंट विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Bareilly district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Bareilly (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1957 after the "DPACO (1956)" (delimitation order) was passed in 1956. After the "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order" was passed in 2008, the constituency was assigned identification number 125.Cantonment (Pakistan)
Cantonments in Pakistan (Urdu: پاکستان کی چھاؤنیاں) are permanent military bases of Pakistan Army, which are administered by Cantonment Boards under the control of the Military Lands & Cantonments Department (ML&C), Ministry of Defence, Government of Pakistan. Cantonments are established under and governed by the Cantonments Act 1924.
In recent times, the demographic character of most independence era cantonments has changed, as they are no longer primarily "garrison" areas, and include significant civilian populations and private businesses. Based on the strength of civil population, the cantonments have been divided into three classes. Class I Cantonments, in which the civil population is one hundred thousand or more; Class II Cantonments, in which the civil population is fifty thousands or more but less than one hundred thousand; and Class III Cantonments, in which the civil population is less than fifty thousand.There are a total of 56 Cantonments in Pakistan. As of 2013, the greatest amount 27 is in Punjab, then 10 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 10 in Sindh, 7 in Balochistan and 2 in Gilgit Baltistan.Karachi Cantonment railway station
Karachi Cantonment Railway Station (Urdu: کراچی اردوگاه اسٹیشن) (often abbreviated as Karachi Cantt) is one of the principal railway stations in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. It is situated near Dr. Daudpota Road, Saddar.Karachi City railway station
Karachi City Station (Urdu: کراچی شہر اسٹیشن ) (formerly McLeod Station) is one of two main Karachi railway terminals. The station is located on I. I. Chundrigar Road, adjacent to Habib Bank Plaza, in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. This station is headquarters of the Pakistan Railways Karachi Division. Due to the lack of space, most passenger trains have been moved to Karachi Cantonment Station.Karnal
Karnal (pronunciation or the Rice Bowl of India) is a city located in Haryana. and the headquarters of Karnal District in the Indian state of Haryana.
Karnal is said to have been founded by Karna, a key figure in the epic Mahabharata fame, who died at the hands of his half-brother and archrival, Arjuna.It was a place of refuge for British survivors of the 1857 Uprising in Delhi.Lahore Cantonment railway station
Lahore Cantonment railway station (Urdu and Punjabi: لاہور کینٹ ریلوے اسٹیشن ) is located in Lahore Cantonment, Lahore district of Punjab province of the Pakistan.Landhi railway station
Landhi railway station (Urdu: لانڈھی ریلوے اسٹیشن ) is one of three major railway stations in Karachi, Pakistan. It is situated in the east end of the city near Quaidabad in Landhi and serves as a major stop along the Karachi–Peshawar Railway Line.Lucknow Cantonment (Assembly constituency)
Lucknow Cantt. is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Cantonment part of Lucknow in the Lucknow district of Uttar Pradesh, India.
Lucknow Cantt. is one of five assembly constituencies in the Lucknow (Lok Sabha constituency) Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 175 amongst 403 constituencies.
Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janata Party candidate Dr. Rita Bahuguna Joshi who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Samajwadi Party candidate Aparna Yadav by a margin of 33,796 votes.Malir Cantonment railway station
Malir Cantonment railway station (Urdu: ملیر اردوگاه ریلوے اسٹیشن) is located at Malir Cantonment, Karachi, Pakistan.Multan Cantonment railway station
Multan Cantonment Railway Station (Urdu and Punjabi: ملتان چھاونی ریلوے اسٹیشن) (often abbreviated as Multan Cantt) is the principal railway station in the city of Multan, Punjab province of Pakistan. It is a major railway station of Pakistan Railway located on Karachi-Peshawar Railway Line.Peshawar Cantonment railway station
Peshawar Cantonment railway station (Urdu: پشاور اردوگاه ریلوے اسٹیشن, Pashto: د پېښور اردوگاه اورګاډي سټيشن) (often abbreviated as Peshawar Cantt) is the principal railway station in the Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It is located on Saddar Road. The Station is staffed and has a booking office.Peshawar City railway station
Peshawar City railway station (Urdu: پشاور شہر ریلوے اسٹیشن , Pashto: د پېښور ښار اورګاډي سټيشن) is one of two major railway stations in the Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It is located on the Dilazak Road.Risalpur Cantonment railway station
Risalpur Cantonment railway station (Urdu: رسالپور کینٹ ریلوے اسٹیشن) is located in Risalpur, Pakistan.Rohri Junction railway station
Rohri Junction railway station (Urdu: روہڑی جنکشن ریلوے اسٹیشن, Sindhi: روهڙي جنڪشن ریلوي اسٽیشن) is located in Rohri, Sukkur district of Sindh province, Pakistan. It is a major railway station on the Pakistan Railways network, serving as the junction between the Karachi–Peshawar Railway Line and Rohri-Chaman Railway Line. The station serves as a stop of all express trains. The station is staffed and has advance and current reservation offices. Food stalls are also located on its platforms.Varanasi Cantonment (Assembly constituency)
Varanasi Cantonment is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Varanasi Cantonment in the Varanasi district of Uttar Pradesh, India.
Varanasi Cantonment is one of five assembly constituencies in the Varanasi (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 390 amongst 403 constituencies.
As of now, this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Saurabh Srivastava who won in 2017 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Elections by defeating Indian National Congress candidate Anil Srivastava by a margin of 61,326 votes.