Canton is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 21,561 at the 2010 census. Canton is part of Greater Boston, about 15 miles (24 kilometers) southwest of downtown Boston.
Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts
|• Type||Open town meeting|
|• Total||19.6 sq mi (50.7 km2)|
|• Land||18.9 sq mi (49.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (1.7 km2)|
|Elevation||100 ft (30 m)|
|• Density||1,140.8/sq mi (440.0/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (Eastern)|
|GNIS feature ID||0619457|
Canton was officially incorporated on February 23, 1797 from the town of Stoughton, Massachusetts. The name "Canton" was suggested by Elijah Dunbar and comes from the early belief that Canton, China was on the complete opposite side of the earth (antipodal), however this theory has been debunked.In addition to being a prominent Canton citizen, Elijah Dunbar was the first president of the Stoughton Musical Society from 1786 to 1808. Now named the Old Stoughton Music Society, it is the oldest choral society in the United States.
Paul Revere built the nation's first copper rolling mill in Canton in 1801. His poem entitled Canton Dale expresses his affection for the town. Canton was the location of the Rising Sun Stove Polish Company, founded by Elijah Morse, a wealthy merchant and creator of the pot-belly stove.
Canton is the headquarters of Dunkin' Donuts, Computershare (North American HQ), Organogenesis, Inc., Boston Mutual Life Insurance Company, Interpolymer Corporation, Casual Male Retail Group, and formerly, Tweeter. It is also home to the Massachusetts Division headquarters of the Salvation Army.
According to the Town's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|4||Destination XL Group||468|
|7||Pollak Engineering Products||288|
|8||Boston Mutual Life Insurance Company||256|
|9||Tower Group Companies||200|
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 19.6 square miles (51 km2), of which, 18.9 square miles (49 km2) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) of it (3.27%) is water.
Canton lies at the foot of Great Blue Hill. The Canton River flows through the center of the town, linking a chain of small lakes including Bolivar and Forge Ponds and flowing into the Neponset River. The Neponset River forms the boundary between Canton and its western neighbors: Norwood, Westwood, and Dedham. In addition to wooded land, the area includes wetlands, particularly in the eastern part along Route 138 near the Randolph and Stoughton borders, and in the western part along I-95.
|* = population estimate. |
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
As of the 2010  census, there were 21,561 people, 7,952 households, and 5,550 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,097.3 people per square mile (423.7/km²). There were 8,163 housing units at an average density of 431.1 per square mile (166.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 86.1% White, 6.96% African American, 0.05% Native American, 6.74% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.80% of the population. 83.3% of the population was non-Hispanic white in 2010, down from 98.0% in 1980.
There were 7,952 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the town, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $109,260, and the median income for a family was $132,904. Males had a median income of $52,216 versus $40,755 for females. The per capita income for the town was $43,510. About 5.2% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.
The town of Canton has three public elementary schools: the John F. Kennedy School, Lt. Peter M. Hansen School, and Dean S. Luce School. The area in which one lives determines which elementary school one's children attend.
Canton has one public middle school, the William H. Galvin Middle School, where all of the three elementary schools combine. It provides grades 6-8 and is located next to the Lt. Peter M. Hansen Elementary School. Canton also has a public high school, Canton High School, that provides grades 9-12. There is one private school, St. John the Evangelist, which has been open since 1883 and serves students in grades Preschool-8. In addition, the state's Pappas Rehabilitation Hospital for Children, formerly known as the Massachusetts Hospital School, is in Canton. In addition, the Marilyn G. Rodman Educational and Administrative Center is located next to Canton High School, housing administrative buildings as well as a preschool.
Clarke Schools for Hearing and Speech, formerly Clarke School for the Deaf, operates a satellite school, "Clarke Boston", in Canton for children who are diagnosed with deafness at an early age and then are mainstreamed to a public school. Clarke is the oldest school for the deaf in the country that teaches children to lip-read and speak orally, rather than use sign language; its main campus is located 80 miles to the west in Northampton, Massachusetts.
Canton has the open town meeting form of government. Annually each spring, and as necessary, the voters gather to discuss matters such as zoning, schools, public works, recreational facilities, the budget, taxes and bond issues.
Property taxes on residential and other land, buildings and improvements, and transfers from the state government, are two important sources of revenue for the town.
The five elected members of the Board of Selectmen oversee the day-to-day operations of the town government.
The Planning Board approves new town subdivisions, reviews site plans for commercial development, oversees the towns scenic ways, drafts and approves a town wide master plan, and statutorily provides recommendations to Town Meeting regarding zoning and development.
The Finance Committee studies the financial affairs of the town, advises and make recommendations to the Town Meeting on the budget and other areas with fiscal implications and serves as the fiscal watchdog for the voters.
Interstates 93, 95, and Massachusetts Route 128 diverge in Canton. I-93 goes east, then north into Boston, from which it continues north into New Hampshire. I-95 is locally a beltway that skirts Boston to the west, continues circling Boston until it is north of the city, then goes north through New Hampshire and ends in Maine. South of Canton, it leads to Providence, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York City, Washington, D.C. and ultimately to Miami, Florida.
Route 138 has a cloverleaf interchange with Route 93 in Canton near Great Blue Hill. From Canton, it goes north into Milton, then enters Boston in the Mattapan section. South of Canton, it travels to Stoughton, continuing into Rhode Island, through Newport and ending in southwest RI.
Route 24 is a divided, limited-access highway that originates at Route 93 in Randolph, just east of Canton. From there, it goes south through the easternmost corner of Canton, running roughly parallel to Route 138 as far as Portsmouth, Rhode Island.
MBTA commuter rail trains on the Providence/Stoughton Line pass through Canton. Some stop at Canton Junction. This line crosses the Neponset River on the Canton Viaduct, a prominent local landmark. Route 128 Station in neighboring Westwood also carries many Canton commuters into Boston. Amtrak trains (including the Acela Express high-speed trains) also stop at Route 128, but pass through Canton without stopping. Of note, on March 25, 2008 a runaway box car crashed into a MBTA train at Canton Junction station injuring 150 people on board.
Although Canton once had an airfield, since 1970 it no longer does. Norwood Memorial Airport is the closest airport to Canton. For scheduled air service, residents go to Boston's Logan International Airport or to T. F. Green Airport in Rhode Island.
The 1956 PGA Championship was the 38th edition of the professional golf competition, held at Blue Hill Country Club in Canton, Massachusetts, a suburb southwest of Boston. Jack Burke Jr. won his second major championship of 1956, a 3 & 2 victory over Ted Kroll; Burke won the Masters in April. It was the penultimate PGA Championship as a match play competition; stroke play was introduced two years later in 1958. This was the tenth and final year the PGA Championship was scheduled for a Tuesday finish.
Defending champion Doug Ford was stopped in the third round by 1953 champion Walter Burkemo, 5 & 3.Blue Hill was not highly regarded as a championship venue and calls increased for a change in format to stroke play. Also, a five-year membership in the PGA of America was necessary to compete in the PGA Championship at the time; this excluded young professionals Arnold Palmer, Dow Finsterwald, Gene Littler, and Mike Souchak.This remains the only time the PGA Championship has been played in Massachusetts. It was the 8th major championship played in the state and the first in over 30 years, since the 1925 U.S. Open. The next major held in the state would be the 1963 U.S. Open.
Burke was the second to win the Masters and PGA Championship in the same calendar year, following Sam Snead in 1949. Through 2016, it has only been accomplished four times, with the latter two by Jack Nicklaus in 1963 and 1975.
The Open Championship was held two weeks earlier in England at Royal Liverpool Golf Club; neither Burke nor Kroll played in 1956 (or ever).
In the skills competitions held on Thursday, Joe Kraak won the long driving contest at 300 yards (274 m).Baskin-Robbins
Baskin-Robbins is an American chain of ice cream and cake specialty shop restaurants. Based in Canton, Massachusetts, it was founded in 1945 by Burt Baskin and Irv Robbins in Glendale, California. It claims to be the world's largest chain of ice cream specialty stores, with 7,500 locations, including nearly 2,500 shops in the United States and over 5,000 in other countries as of December 28, 2013. Baskin-Robbins sells ice cream in nearly 50 countries.
The company is known for its "31 flavors" slogan, with the idea that a customer could have a different flavor every day of any month. The slogan came from the Carson-Roberts advertising agency (which later merged into Ogilvy & Mather) in 1953. Baskin and Robbins believed that people should be able to sample flavors until they found one they wanted to buy. In 2005, the company’s "BR" logo was updated such that it doubles as the number "31" to represent the 31 flavors, with the "31" formed by the parts of the letters "BR" which are rendered in pink color, in contrast to the rest of the logo which is rendered in blue. The company has introduced more than 1,000 flavors since 1945. The company has been headquartered in Canton, Massachusetts since 2004 after moving from Randolph, Massachusetts.Ben Ticknor
Benjamin Holt Ticknor (January 9, 1909 – September 12, 1979) was an American football player. He was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame in 1954. Ticknor was a prominent center for the Harvard Crimson, known especially for his play on defense. He was captain of the 1930 team. Harvard did not see its success of old during Ticknor's era, but he relished the beatings of rival Yale.Ben Ticknor was the son of William Davis Ticknor, Sr. (1881–1938) and Ella Frances Wattles (1880 –1963). Thus his grandfather was another Benjamin Holt Ticknor and his great-grandfather another William Davis Ticknor (of Ticknor and Fields).Bill Burr
William Frederic Burr (born June 10, 1968) is an American stand-up comedian, actor and podcaster. Outside of stand-up, he is the host of the Monday Morning Podcast, appearing on Chappelle's Show, playing Patrick Kuby in the AMC crime drama series Breaking Bad, and creating and starring in the Netflix animated sitcom F Is for Family. He also co-founded the All Things Comedy network.Blue Hills Regional Technical School
Blue Hills Regional Technical High School, an American high school, is located in Canton, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston and the geographical center of member towns of the Blue Hills Regional School District: Avon, Braintree, Milton, Canton, Norwood, Randolph, Dedham, Westwood, and Holbrook. The school is situated on a 35-acre (140,000 m2) campus that borders the DCR's Blue Hills Reservation, and is within view of Great Blue Hill. The schools mascot is the Warriors
The Blue Hills Regional School District was formed on December 17, 1963, to serve the needs of the member towns' residents. The District School Committee was then authorized by the towns to establish and maintain educational programs at the secondary, post-secondary and adult levels in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 74 of the General Laws of Massachusetts, which require all municipalities in Massachusetts to offer vocational education for high school students that request it.
The original school building was opened to the first class in September 1966. Its success, coupled with increasing admissions, necessitated the building of additional facilities. Moreover, local employers were expressing a need for employees trained in certain skills areas. By 1976, the school had been expanded to house approximately 1,230 students in the high school, while also serving another 1,400 students in the adult education programs.Boston Metropolitan Airport
Boston Metropolitan Airport was an airfield in Canton, Massachusetts, on the northeast side of Neponset St just southeast of the Neponset River. In the 1930s it had four gravel runways. The May 1956 sectional chart shows one 2100-ft turf runway; the airport isn't on the December 1956 chart.Canton High School (Massachusetts)
Canton High School (CHS) is a secondary school in Canton, Massachusetts.Eleanor Cabot Bradley Estate
The Eleanor Cabot Bradley Estate is a nonprofit country house and garden ground museum in Canton, Massachusetts. It is operated by The Trustees of Reservations. The grounds are open every day, sunrise to sunset, without charge.Elijah A. Morse
Elijah Adams Morse (May 25, 1841 – June 5, 1898) was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts.
Born in South Bend, St. Joseph County, Indiana, Morse moved to Massachusetts with his parents, who settled in Boston in 1852.
He attended the public schools, the Boylston School in Boston, and Onondaga Academy, New York.
Enlisted in the Union Army in the Fourth Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteers, during the Civil War.
He served three months under General Butler in Virginia and one year under General Banks in Louisiana.
He was promoted to corporal.
Manufacturer of stove polish in Canton, Massachusetts.
He served as member of the State house of representatives in 1876.
He was an unsuccessful Prohibition Party candidate for lieutenant governor in 1877.
He served in the state senate in 1886 and 1887.
He served as member of the Governor's council in 1888.
Morse was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-first and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1889 – March 3, 1897).
He served as chairman of the Committee on Alcohol Liquor Traffic (Fifty-fourth Congress).
He was not a candidate for renomination in 1896.
He resumed manufacturing activities.
He died in Canton, Massachusetts, June 5, 1898.
He was interred in Canton Cemetery.James B. Sumner
James Batcheller Sumner (November 19, 1887 – August 12, 1955) was an American chemist. He discovered that enzymes can be crystallized, for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1946 with John Howard Northrop and Wendell Meredith Stanley. He was also the first to prove that enzymes are proteins.Maurice Hurst Jr.
Maurice Roy Hurst Jr. (born May 9, 1995) is an American football defensive tackle for the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Michigan.Norwood Memorial Airport
Norwood Memorial Airport (IATA: OWD, ICAO: KOWD, FAA LID: OWD) is a public airport two miles (3 km) east of Norwood, in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. It is home to the offices of prominent local businessmen and several maintenance facilities. It was Outlying Landing Field Norwood, used to train Navy pilots during World War II; the 1946 chart shows it as a civil airfield. It took the place of the former Boston Metropolitan Airport in Canton, Massachusetts.Paul Guilfoyle
Paul Vincent Guilfoyle (; born April 28, 1949) is an American television and film actor. He was a regular cast member of the CBS police drama CSI: Crime Scene Investigation where he played Captain Jim Brass from 2000 to 2014 and returned for the series finale, "Immortality", in 2015.Ponkapoag
Ponkapoag , also Punkapaug, Punkapoag, or Punkapog, is the name of a Native American "praying town" settled in the western Blue Hills area of eastern Massachusetts during the colonization of the Atlantic seaboard of the United States by settlers from Britain in the 17th century. It is the name given to the winter residence (and subsequently to the tribe) of the group of Massachusett who lived at the mouth of the Neponset River near Dorchester in summer. Ponkapoag is now contained almost entirely by the town of Canton, Massachusetts. The name is derived from a nearby pond 1 mile (1.6 km) south of Great Blue Hill; Ponkapoag means "shallow pond" or "a spring that bubbles from red soil".Rob Mariano
Robert Carlo Mariano (born December 25, 1975), known by the nickname Boston Rob, is an American television personality, widely known for appearing in several reality shows, including Survivor and The Amazing Race. In 2011, he won Survivor: Redemption Island and the $1,000,000 prize in his fourth appearance on Survivor following previous appearances on Survivor: Marquesas, Survivor: All Stars and Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains. He appeared on The Amazing Race 7 and The Amazing Race 11: All-Stars with his wife Amber (Brkich) Mariano, who was a contestant on Survivor: The Australian Outback and the winner of Survivor: All Stars. On May 15, 2019, during the live reunion show of Survivor: Edge of Extinction, it was revealed fellow Survivor contestant Sandra Diaz-Twine and he would be permanent mentors on Survivor: Island of the Idols.Signal Hill (Canton, Massachusetts)
Signal Hill is a 150-acre (61 ha) open space preserve located in Canton, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts; it is centered on a 188-foot (57 m) rocky knoll by the same name. The property, acquired in 2005 by the land conservation non-profit organization The Trustees of Reservations, offers frontage on the Neponset River and views of Great Blue Hill from open ledges. The Signal Hill preserve also includes wetlands, open fields, and a car-top boating access point.
Signal Hill was once a seasonal camp for paleo-Americans who settled the Neponset River Valley after the last glacial retreat. It is currently abutted by industrial and suburban land to the east and river floodplain to the west. The preserve is open to non-motorized carry-in boating, hiking, picnicing, fishing, and similar pursuits. A trailhead is located on University Road in Canton.Stephen Schnetzer
Stephen Paul Schnetzer (born June 11, 1948) is an American actor.Steve Rooney
Steven Paul Rooney (born June 28, 1962 in Canton, Massachusetts) is a retired American ice hockey forward. Rooney played his HS hockey at Canton HS graduating in 1981. Rooney started his National Hockey League career with the Montreal Canadiens in 1985. He played with the Winnipeg Jets and New Jersey Devils. He went on to win one Stanley Cup with Montreal in 1986. He currently works for Alpha Delta Inc. in Boston. His nephew Kevin
is currently playing for the Devils.William C. Galvin
William C. Galvin (born October 18, 1956 in Dorchester, Boston, Massachusetts) is an American insurance broker and politician who represents the 6th Norfolk District in the Massachusetts House of Representatives.
|Climate data for Blue Hills Reservation (Blue Hill Meteorological Observatory), 1891−2010 normals, extremes 1885−present|
|Record high °F (°C)||68
|Average high °F (°C)||33.6
|Daily mean °F (°C)||25.7
|Average low °F (°C)||18.4
|Record low °F (°C)||−16
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||4.24
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||16.0
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||132.1||146.7||174.0||185.6||220.2||231.8||258.1||242.5||204.1||182.1||133.3||125.9||2,236.4|
|Percent possible sunshine||46.3||50.9||48.5||47.9||50.4||52.7||58.0||58.7||56.7||55.1||47.0||45.9||51.5|
|Source: Blue Hill Observatory & Science Center|
Municipalities and communities of Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States
|Cities and towns|
|Cities and towns|
|Cities and towns|