Canto a Baja California

Canto a Baja California (Spanish: Song to Baja California) is the official anthem of the Mexican State of Baja California. During the term of Braulio Maldonado Sández, with the aim of increasing the cultural heritage of Bajacalifornianos, convened on February 24, 1956 to the writers and musicians residing in the State and the State natives who were living in other States and abroad to write a composition of the Anthem of Baja California, as well the lyrics for it.

In this contest won the original literary work of Rafael Trujillo, with the nickname "Caballero Aguila" and the music of Rafael Gama, with the nickname "Escala". Both residents of Los Angeles, California, United States. The Governor Braulio Maldonado Sández published and officially adopted on September 27, 1956, the Canto a Baja California.

Canto a Baja California
English: Song to Baja California

State anthem of Baja California Baja California
Baja California Sur Baja California Sur

LyricsRafael Trujillo, 1956
MusicRafael Gama, 1956
AdoptedSeptember 27, 1956
June 25, 2012 (Baja California Sur)


Canto a Baja California:[1]


Baja California, brazo poderoso,
al servicio eterno de la Patria estás;
libre y soberano, bravo y laborioso,
soldado en la guerra y obrero en la paz.


Baja California, strong arm
to the eternal service of the Fatherland, you are;
free and sovereign, brave and laborious,
soldier in war and worker in peace.

Estrofa I:

De zafiros y perlas vestida,
bajo el sol que en tu frente fulgura,
eres diosa de rara hermosura,
eres Venus que surge del mar;
eres casta doncella que cuida
en el Templo la llama sagrada
la vestal con amor consagrada
a velar por la patria inmortal.

Stanza I:

Sapphires and pearls dressed,
under the sun that shines on your face,
are goddess of rare beauty,
are Venus that rises from the sea;
are chaste maiden who cares
in the Temple the sacred flame
the vestal with love consecrated
to ensure the immortal Fatherland.

Estrofa II:

A los cielos gloriosos erguida
eres roble y encina y palmera,
en la guerra, invencible trinchera,
un ubérrimo surco en la paz;
a la enorme con fuerza tendida,
lanza en riste y escudo y acero
que opondrán su pujanza al que artero
a la Patria pretenda ultrajar.

Stanza II:

To the heaven glorious erect
are holm and oak and palm,
in the war, trench invincible,
an extensive groove in peace;
to the huge stretched tightly,
lance ahead and shield and steel
to oppose its strength to that crafty
to the Fatherland intend to offend.

Estrofa III:

Eres firme atalaya y vigía,
centinela impasible que vela
custodiando el hogar y la escuela
en viril posición vertical.
Tus enhiestas montañas altivas
son columnas que tocan al cielo
donde el Aguila Azteca en su vuelo
de oro y mármol tendrá pedestal.

Stanza III:

Are strong tower and watchtower
impassively sentinel who watches
guarding the home and school
in manly upright.
Your erect haughty mountains
are columns that touch the sky
where the Aztec Eagle in flight
will gold and marble pedestal.

Estrofa IV:

Su tesoro te ofrendan las minas,
su opulenta riqueza los mares,
tu campiña, algodón, olivares
y maizal y viñedo y trigal.
Mas no tienes riqueza que mida
la del pueblo que lucha en tu nombre:
tu riqueza mayor es el hombre,
una cuna, una escuela, un hogar.

Stanza IV:

Its treasure the mines offers to you
its opulent wealth the seas,
your countryside, cotton, olive
and cornfields and vineyards and wheat field.
But you do not have wealth that measure
of the people fighting in your name:
your greatest wealth is the man
a cradle, a school, a home.

Estrofa V:

El trabajo fecundo es doctrina
que sustenta tu vida afanosa,
y por eso sabrás valerosa
defender la Justicia Social.
¡Salve, oh, tierra, que firme y erguida
quieres verte, taller y trinchera,
convertida en el asta-bandera
del glorioso Pendón Nacional!

Stanza V:

The fruitful work is doctrine
that sustains your breathless life,
and therefore you'll know corageous
defend the Social Justice.
¡Hail, oh, land, sign and erect
want to see yourself, shop and trench,
converted into the flagstick
of the Glorious National Banner!

See also


  1. ^ Gobierno del Estado de Baja California. "Canto de Baja California". Retrieved October 20, 2010.

External links

Baja California

Baja California (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈbaxa kaliˈfoɾnja] (listen), English: Lower California), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Baja California (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California), is a state in Mexico. It is the northernmost and westernmost of the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. Before becoming a state in 1952, the area was known as the North Territory of Baja California (El Territorio Norte de Baja California). It has an area of 70,113 km2 (27,071 sq mi), or 3.57% of the land mass of Mexico and comprises the northern half of the Baja California Peninsula, north of the 28th parallel, plus oceanic Guadalupe Island. The mainland portion of the state is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the east by Sonora, the U.S. state of Arizona, and the Gulf of California (also known as the "Sea of Cortez"), and on the south by Baja California Sur. Its northern limit is the U.S. state of California.

The state has an estimated population of 3,315,766 (2015) much more than the sparsely populated Baja California Sur to the south, and similar to San Diego County, California on its north. Over 75% of the population lives in the capital city, Mexicali, in Ensenada, or in Tijuana. Other important cities include San Felipe, Rosarito and Tecate. The population of the state is composed of Mestizos, mostly immigrants from other parts of Mexico, and, as with most northern Mexican states, a large population of Mexicans of Spanish ancestry, and also a large minority group of East Asian, Middle Eastern and indigenous descent. Additionally, there is a large immigrant population from the United States due to its proximity to San Diego and the lower cost of living compared to San Diego. There is also a significant population from Central America. Many immigrants moved to Baja California for a better quality of life and the number of higher paying jobs in comparison to the rest of Mexico and Latin America.

Baja California is the twelfth largest state by area in Mexico. Its geography ranges from beaches to forests and deserts. The backbone of the state is the Sierra de Baja California, where the Picacho del Diablo, the highest point of the peninsula, is located. This mountain range effectively divides the weather patterns in the state. In the northwest, the weather is semi-dry and mediterranean. In the narrow center, the weather changes to be more humid due to altitude. It is in this area where a few valleys can be found, such as the Valle de Guadalupe, the major wine-producing area in Mexico. To the east of the mountain range, the Sonoran Desert dominates the landscape. In the south, the weather becomes drier and gives way to the Vizcaino Desert. The state is also home to numerous islands off both of its shores. In fact, the westernmost point in Mexico, the Guadalupe Island, is part of Baja California. The Coronado, Todos Santos and Cedros Islands are also on the Pacific Shore. On the Gulf of California, the biggest island is the Angel de la Guarda, separated from the peninsula by the deep and narrow Canal de Ballenas.

Baja California Sur

Baja California Sur (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈbaxa kaliˈfoɾnja suɾ] (listen), English: "South Lower California"), officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur (English: Free and Sovereign State of South Lower California), is the second-smallest Mexican state by population and the 31st admitted state of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.

Before becoming a state on 8 October 1974, the area was known as the El Territorio Sur de Baja California ("South Territory of Lower California"). It has an area of 73,909 km2 (28,536 sq mi), or 3.57% of the land mass of Mexico, and occupies the southern half of the Baja California Peninsula, south of the 28th parallel, plus the uninhabited Rocas Alijos in the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered to the north by the state of Baja California, to the west by the Pacific Ocean, and to the east by the Gulf of California, or the "Sea of Cortés". The state has maritime borders with Sonora and Sinaloa to the east, across the Gulf of California.

The state is home to the tourist resorts of Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo. Its largest city and capital is La Paz.

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