Canopy (building)

A canopy is an overhead roof or else a structure over which a fabric or metal covering is attached, able to provide shade or shelter from weather conditions such as sun, hail, snow and rain.[1] A canopy can also be a tent, generally without a floor. The word comes from the Ancient Greek κωνώπειον (konópeion, "cover to keep insects off"), from κώνωψ (kónops, "cone-face"), which is a bahuvrihi compound meaning "mosquito". The first 'o' changing into 'a' may be due to influence from the place name Canopus, Egypt thought of as a place of luxuries.

Architectural canopies include projections giving protection from the weather, or merely decoration.[2] Such canopies are supported by the building to which they are attached and often also by a ground mounting provided by not less than two stanchions, or upright support posts.

Canopies can also stand alone, such as a fabric covered gazebo or cabana. Fabric canopies can meet various design needs. Many modern fabrics are long-lasting, bright, easily cleaned, strong and flame-retardant. This material can be vinyl, acrylic, polyester or canvas.[3] Modern frame materials offer high strength-to-weight ratios and corrosion resistance. The proper combination of these properties can result in safe, strong, economical and attractive products.

StmartinMM
A canopied tower at St Martin's Church, Memmingen
2007PolskaNMP
A canopy from Kraków, Poland.

Classification numbers

Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) Division 10 MasterFormat 2004 Edition:

  • 10 73 16 - Canopies
  • 10 73 00 - Protective Covers

CSI MasterFormat 1995 Edition:

  • 10530 - Canopies

References

  1. ^ "3 Ways Metal Canopies Enhance Your Brand's Image" American Prefabricated Structures, Retrieved July 14, 2016.
  2. ^ Sabit Adanur (1995). Wellington Sears Handbook of Industrial Textiles. CRC Press. p. 216.
  3. ^ "Awning Fabrics Comparison: What's Right For You?" Herculite, Retrieved July 14, 2016.

See also

Australian raven

The Australian raven (Corvus coronoides) is a passerine bird in the genus Corvus native to much of southern and northeastern Australia. Measuring 46–53 centimetres (18–21 in) in length, it has all-black plumage, beak and mouth, as well as strong grey-black legs and feet. The upperparts are glossy, with a purple, blue, or green sheen, and its black feathers have grey bases. The Australian raven is distinguished from the Australian crow species by its throat hackles, which are prominent in adult birds. Older adult individuals have white irises, younger adults have white irises with an inner blue rim, while younger birds have dark brown irises until fifteen months of age, and hazel irises with an inner blue rim around each pupil until age two years and ten months. Nicholas Aylward Vigors and Thomas Horsfield described the Australian raven in 1827, its species name (coronoides) highlighting its similarity with the carrion crow (C. corone). Two subspecies are recognized, which differ slightly in calls and are quite divergent genetically.

The preferred habitat is open woodland and transitional zones. It has adapted well to urban environments and is a common city bird in Sydney, Canberra, and Perth. An omnivorous and opportunistic feeder, it eats a wide variety of plant and animal material, as well as food waste from urban areas. In eastern Australia, its range is strongly correlated with the presence of sheep, and it has been blamed for killing lambs. However, this is very rare, and the raven most often scavenges for afterbirth and stillborn animals as well as newborn lamb faeces. The Australian raven is territorial, with pairs generally bonding for life. Breeding takes place between July and September, with almost no variation across its range. The nest is a bowl-shaped structure of sticks sited high in a tree, or occasionally in a man-made structure such as a windmill or other building.

Black-and-white hawk-eagle

"Spizaetus melanoleucus" redirect here. This name was also used for the black-chested eagle-buzzard (Geranoaetus melanoleucus or Buteo melanoleucus).

The black-and-white hawk-eagle (Spizaetus melanoleucus, formerly Spizastur melanoleucus) is a bird of prey species in the eagle and hawk family (Accipitridae). It is found throughout a large part of tropical America, from southern Mexico to northern Argentina.

Canopy

Canopy may refer to:

Canopy (aircraft), transparent enclosure over aircraft cockpit

Canopy (biology), aboveground portion of plant community or crop (including forests)

Canopy (building), overhead roof or structure that provides shade or other shelter

Canopy (film), a 2013 Australian war film

Canopy (grape), aboveground portion of grapevine

Canopy (hotel), a brand within the corporate structure of Hilton Worldwide

Canopy (parachute), cloth and suspension line portion of parachute

Canopy bed, a type of bed

Canopy of state, cloth or permanent architectural feature that hangs over altar or throne as symbol of authority

Canopy Group, U.S. investment firm

Camper shell, raised, rigid covering for the rear bed of a pickup truck

Chuppah, canopy used in Jewish wedding ceremonies

Enthought Canopy, a Python distribution and analysis environment for scientific and analytic computing

Honda Canopy, three-wheeled automobile from Honda

Motorola Canopy, wireless networking system

OP Canopy, Canadian Forces Operation

Umbraculum, canopy awarded by pope to basilicas

Vapor canopy, creationist idea that earth was surrounded by a "canopy" of water

Vehicle canopy, type of overhead door for vehicle

Lhen Coan railway station

Lhen Coan Station is the landward terminus of the Groudle Glen Railway in the Isle of Man.

Onion dome

An onion dome (Russian: луковичная глава, lúkovichnaya glavá; compare Russian: лук, luk, "onion") is a dome whose shape resembles an onion and is usually associated with Russian architectual style. Such domes are often larger in diameter than the tholobate upon which they sit, and their height usually exceeds their width. These bulbous structures taper smoothly to a point.

It is a typical feature of East Slavic churches, especially the onion curved domes in Russia. It is also the predominant form for church domes in Ukraine (mostly on Eastern Orthodox churches), and is common in Belarus. Occasionally there are similar buildings in European countries like in Germany in Bavaria, (German: Zwiebelturm (literally "onion tower") in Austria, the Czech Republic, northeastern Italy, in other Eastern European countries and in Oriental regions like Mughal India, the Middle East and Central Asia. However, usually the old buildings outside of Russia do not have the distinctive typical construction of the Russian Onion design. Probably the origin lies in the native architectural style of early Rus' tribes.

Other types of Eastern Orthodox cupolas include helmet domes (for example, those of the Assumption Cathedral in Vladimir), Ukrainian pear domes (Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev), and Baroque bud domes (St. Andrew's Church in Kiev) or a onion-helmet mixture like the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod.

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