Candia, New Hampshire

Candia is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 3,909 at the 2010 census.[1] The town includes the villages of Candia, Candia Four Corners and East Candia.

Candia, New Hampshire
Civil War monument on High Street
Civil War monument on High Street
Official seal of Candia, New Hampshire

Seal
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Coordinates: 43°04′40″N 71°16′36″W / 43.07778°N 71.27667°WCoordinates: 43°04′40″N 71°16′36″W / 43.07778°N 71.27667°W
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountyRockingham
Incorporated1763
VillagesCandia
Candia Four Corners
East Candia
Bean Island
Government
 • Board of SelectmenMark Laliberte, Chair
Susan Young
Boyd Chivers
Russell Dann
Carleton Robie
Area
 • Total30.6 sq mi (79.2 km2)
 • Land30.3 sq mi (78.5 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)  0.79%
Elevation
351 ft (107 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,909
 • Density130/sq mi (49/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
03034
Area code(s)603 Exchange: 483
FIPS code33-09300
GNIS feature ID0873558
Websitewww.candianh.org

History

Settled in 1743, Candia was once part of Chester and known as "Charmingfare", probably because of the many bridle paths or "parades" through the pleasant scenery. Charmingfare was incorporated in 1763 and named "Candia" by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth, possibly after the old name under Venetian domination of the principal city of Crete, which he had visited after graduation from Harvard. Another account holds, "The town received its present name in compliment to Governor Benning Wentworth, who was once a prisoner on the island of Candia, in the Mediterranean Sea."[2]

Candia was served by the Portsmouth & Concord Railroad, which stretched between its namesake cities. In 1862 the segment between Candia and Suncook was abandoned, coinciding with the opening of a new segment between Manchester and Candia. Therefore, the new line ran from Manchester to Portsmouth via Candia. In 1895 ownership of the line passed to the Boston & Maine Railroad who made it their Portsmouth Branch. Passenger service ended in 1954. The last trains passed through Candia in the early 1980s. The track was abandoned in 1982 and removed between 1983 and 1985. Today the railbed is part of the Rockingham Recreational Trail.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.6 square miles (79 km2). 30.3 square miles (78 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it is water, comprising 0.79% of the town. The town is bordered by Deerfield to the north, Hooksett (in Merrimack County) to the west, Auburn and Chester to the south, and Raymond to the east. Notable villages in the town include Candia proper, near the town's northern border; Candia Four Corners, closer to the geographic center of the town; and East Candia, near the town's eastern border.

Candia is drained by the North Branch River, a tributary of the Lamprey River. The town lies almost fully within the Piscataqua River watershed except for the western and southern edges, which are in the Merrimack River watershed.[3] The highest point in town is Hall Mountain, at 941 feet (287 m) above sea level, located in Bear Brook State Park in the northwestern part of the town. (The main entrance to the state park and most of its facilities are in neighboring Allenstown.)

Candia is bisected by two state highways, Route 43 running north from Route 101 through the Candia Four Corners to the Deerfield town line, and Route 27, running east/west from the Hooksett town line through the Candia Four Corners to the Raymond town line. Route 101 is the major east/west thoroughfare through southern New Hampshire and travels through the south part of Candia.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17901,040
18001,18614.0%
18101,2908.8%
18201,273−1.3%
18301,3627.0%
18401,4305.0%
18501,4823.6%
18601,5756.3%
18701,456−7.6%
18801,340−8.0%
18901,108−17.3%
19001,057−4.6%
1910993−6.1%
1920780−21.5%
19308124.1%
194096518.8%
19501,24328.8%
19601,49019.9%
19701,99734.0%
19802,98949.7%
19903,55719.0%
20003,91110.0%
20103,909−0.1%
Est. 20173,928[4]0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
Soldiers' Monument, Candia, NH
Soldiers' Monument

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 3,911 people, 1,359 households, and 1,108 families residing in the town. The population density was 129.0 per square mile (49.8/km²). There were 1,384 housing units at an average density of 45.6 per square mile (17.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.11% White, 0.43% African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.87% of the population.

There were 1,359 households out of which 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.0% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.4% were non-families. 12.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the town, the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $61,389, and the median income for a family was $67,163. Males had a median income of $43,260 versus $31,127 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,267. About 2.3% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Candia is part of School Administrative Unit 15, along with Hooksett and Auburn. There is one public school in Candia, the Henry W. Moore School for kindergarten through eighth grade, located near the Candia Four Corners on Deerfield Road. High school education students from Candia attend school outside of the district, currently under contract at Manchester Central High School, but are also in transition for a choice between the Manchester Central and Pinkerton Academy in Derry. Candia is also home to Jesse Remington High School, a private Christian school that offers grades 9-12. Some Candia residents send their children to other private high schools in the area, including Trinity High School in Manchester.

Sites of interest

  • Fitts Museum, operated by the Candia Historical Society
  • Candia Vineyards, an award-winning vineyard with unique varietals
  • Charmingfare Farm, a farm and petting zoo
  • Candia Springs Adventure Park, formerly Liquid Planet water park
  • Stephen Clay Homestead, bed and breakfast
  • Candia Woods Golf Links, an 18-hole public golf course. Voted in Golf magazine as New Hampshire's "Friendliest Course"
Fitts Museum, Candia, NH

Fitts Museum

McDonald Mill in Candia, NH

McDonald Mill c. 1915

Gates, Candia, NH

Gate, Candia Congregational Cemetery

Emergency services

Fire and Emergency Medical Services are provided by the Candia Volunteer Fire Department,[7] an all-volunteer department organized in 1925. This department provides fire suppression, rescue, and first-responder Emergency Medical Services to the citizens of Candia and the surrounding communities. The closest hospitals are the Elliot Hospital, a Level Two trauma center, and Catholic Medical Center, one of the most advanced cardiac care centers in New England. Both of these facilities are located approximately 20 minutes away in Manchester. Exeter Hospital[8] is also located about 20 minutes away in Exeter.

Police protection is provided by the Candia Police Department, assisted by the New Hampshire State Police and other local municipal police departments.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire (1875)
  3. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions – New Hampshire". Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "Home". www.candiavfd.org.
  8. ^ http://www.foreveryday.com/hospital/index.htm

External links

Albert Palmer (American politician)

Albert Palmer (January 17, 1831 – May 21, 1887) was an American schoolteacher, businessman, and politician from Candia New Hampshire, and Boston, Massachusetts, who served as mayor of Boston from January 1, 1883, to January 7, 1884.

Augusta Harvey Worthen

Augusta Harvey Worthen (September 27, 1823 – April 4, 1910) was an American educator and author. She taught school, and wrote poetry and prose. Her greatest work was the history of her town, Sutton, published in two volumes in 1890. This was the first New Hampshire town history prepared by a woman.

Candia

The name Candia can refer to:

The House of Candia, a noble family from Savoy (14th-16th)

Alfredo Ovando Candía, 56th president of Bolivia

Cecilia Maria de Candia, British-Italian writer

César di Candia, Uruguayan journalist and writer

Christian di Candia, Uruguayan politician, Mayor of Montevideo

Elia del Medigo de Candia (1458–1493), philosopher and Talmudist

Giovanni Matteo Mario, opera singer, Italian marquis Giovanni de Candia

Giulia Grisi, opera singer, Italian marchese Juliette de Candia

José Pedro Montero de Candia, former president of Paraguay

Joseph Solomon Delmedigo de Candia (1591–1655), scientist and philosopher

Pedro de Candia, Greek explorer of the Americas

Candia Four Corners, New Hampshire

The Candia Four Corners is an unincorporated community located near the center of the town of Candia, New Hampshire, in the United States.

Confessing Movement

The Confessing Movement is a lay-led conservative Christian movement that opposes the influence of liberalism and progressivism within several mainline Protestant denominations and seeks to return them to its view of orthodox doctrine.

It overlaps with other conservative Christian movements including Evangelicalism, Pentecostalism, Holiness, and Fundamentalist Christianity. Its members have stated their commitment to work to change their home denominations from within rather than establishing new ones, even if they are unable to regain full control. The Confessing movement places particular weight on the role of evangelism and traditional doctrine concerning the deity of Christ and holds conservative views on sexuality, especially homosexuality.

East Candia, New Hampshire

East Candia is an unincorporated community in the town of Candia in Rockingham County, New Hampshire.

The village, as the name suggests, is located in the eastern part of the town of Candia, close to the town border with Raymond. The community is centered upon the intersection of Langford Road and Depot Road, approximately 0.5 miles (0.8 km) south of Langford Road's intersection with New Hampshire Route 27.

East Candia has a separate ZIP code (03040) from the rest of the town of Candia.

Frederick Smyth (New Hampshire)

Frederick Smyth (March 9, 1819 – April 22, 1899) was an American banker, railroad executive, and politician from Manchester, New Hampshire. Born in 1819 in Candia, New Hampshire, he became City Clerk of Manchester at the age of 30. A Republican, he served four terms as mayor of Manchester from 1852 to 1854 and again in 1864, and was twice elected Governor of New Hampshire.

Harry Cobe

Harry Cobe (December 17, 1885, Manchester, New Hampshire – July 24, 1966, East Candia, New Hampshire) was an American racecar driver. He lived in East Candia at the time of his death.

JRHS

JRHS may refer to:

James River High School (Buchanan, Virginia), United States

James River High School (Chesterfield County, Virginia), United States

Jay M. Robinson High School, Concord, North Carolina, United States

John Rennie High School, Pointe-Claire, Quebec, Canada

Julia Richman High School, New York City, United StatesJesse Remington High School, Candia, New Hampshire, United States

Jesse Remington High School

Jesse Remington High School in Candia, New Hampshire, is a private Christian school that offers a classical Christian education with project-based learning. The school was founded in 1992 by Jeffrey Philbrick under the auspices of Candia Congregational Church. The school's namesake, Jesse Remington, had been a pastor at the same church two hundred years prior, during the American War of Independence.

The school has an approximately 5 to 1 student teacher ratio, with an enrollment of no more than 55 students per year. Along with the core curriculum of Humanities, Math, Science, Language, and Bible, there are courses offered called Arts & Artisans, which are (but are not limited to) timber framing, stained glass, pottery, art, and weaving. The purpose of these classes is to teach life skills to students by allowing them to experience them first hand.

Joe Duarte (politician)

Joe Duarte (born November 29, 1941) is a former Republican member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives, from Candia. Duarte was born in Viana do Castelo, Portugal. He unsuccessfully ran for the New Hampshire Senate in the 2016 elections. Duarte has nine grandchildren.For the 2016 United States presidential election, Duarte endorsed Republican nominee Donald Trump.

List of New Hampshire historical markers (226–250)

This is part of the list of New Hampshire historical markers. Though there are only 244 markers, the name of this article anticipates future markers.

The text of the markers is reproduced below.

List of New Hampshire locations by per capita income

In 2015 New Hampshire ranked fifth in terms of per capita income in the United States of America, at $34,362 as of the 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-year estimate.

Maurice B. Biscoe

Maurice B. Biscoe (died 1953) was an American architect.

He worked in New York and then moved to Denver, Colorado. He returned to the east to work in Boston.A number of his works are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.Works include:

Richthofen Castle, 7020 E 12th Ave, Montclair, Denver, Colorado, NRHP-listed

Bemis Hall, 920 N. Cascade Ave., Colorado Springs, Colorado (Biscoe, Maurice B.), NRHP-listed

George W. Clayton Trust and College, 3801 Martin Luther King Blvd., Denver, Colorado (Biscoe, Maurice B.), NRHP-listed

Frederick H. Cossitt Memorial Hall, 906 N. Cascade Ave., Colorado Springs, Colorado (Biscoe, Maurice B.), NRHP-listed

One or more works in Country Club Historic District, roughly bounded by 1st and 4th Aves., Race and Downing Sts., Denver, Colorado (Biscoe,Maurice), NRHP-listed

Dickinson Branch Library, 1545 Hooker St., Denver, Colorado (Biscoe, Maurice), NRHP-listed

Theodore W. Richards House, 15 Follen St., Cambridge, Massachusetts (Warren,Smith, & Biscoe), NRHP-listed

Smyth Public Library, 194 High St., Candia, New Hampshire (Andrews,Jones,Biscoe & Whitmore), NRHP-listed

Langford H. Warren House, 6 Garden Terr., Cambridge, Massachusetts (Warren,Smith & Biscoe), NRHP-listed

New Hampshire communities by household income

The 234 incorporated cities and towns, and one inhabited township, in New Hampshire ranked by median household income, from 2013-2017 American Community Survey 5-year data (using 2017 dollars).

Sam Walter Foss

Sam Walter Foss (June 19, 1858 – February 26, 1911) was an American librarian and poet whose works included The House by the Side of the Road and The Coming American.

Sarah Bagley

Sarah George Bagley (April 19, 1806 – January 15, 1889) was a labor leader in New England during the 1840s; an advocate of shorter workdays for factory operatives and mechanics, she campaigned to make ten hours of labor per day the maximum in Massachusetts.

Her activities in support of the mill workers in Lowell, Massachusetts put her in contact with a broader network of reformers in areas of women’s rights, communitarianism, abolition, peace, prison reform, and health reform. Bagley and her coworkers became involved with middle-class reform activities, demonstrating the ways in which working people embraced this reform impulse as they transformed and critiqued some of its key elements. Her activities within the labor movement reveal many of the tensions that underlay relations between male and female working people as well as the constraints of gender that female activists had to overcome.

Smyth Public Library

Smyth Public Library refers to several buildings that have served as the public library of Candia, New Hampshire, United States. The current building, which opened in 2002, is located at 55 High Street. The previous library building at 194 High Street was constructed in 1932 and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007.Early library history in Candia dates back to 1824 with the formation of the Candia Library Literary Society. Over the course of many years it changed its name, but there was always a lending library of some description.

Welch's Regiment of Militia

Welch's Regiment of Militia also known as the 10th New Hampshire Militia Regiment was called up at Candia, New Hampshire on September 27, 1777 as reinforcements for the Continental Army during the Saratoga Campaign. The regiment marched quickly to join the gathering forces of Gen. Horatio Gates as he faced British Gen. John Burgoyne in northern New York. The regiment served in Gen. William Whipple's brigade of New Hampshire militia. With the surrender of Burgoyne's Army on October 17 the regiment was disbanded on November 8, 1777.

Places adjacent to Candia, New Hampshire
Municipalities and communities of Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States
City
Towns
CDPs
Other villages

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