The Canadian Forces' Decoration (post-nominal letters "CD") is a Canadian award bestowed upon members of the Canadian Armed Forces who have completed twelve years of military service, with certain conditions. By convention, it is also given to the Governor General of Canada upon his or her appointment as viceroy, which includes the title of Commander-in-Chief in and over Canada. The decoration is awarded to all ranks, who must have a good record of conduct during the final eight years of claimed service.
The first Governor General to receive the CD was Viscount Alexander of Tunis in 1951. The medal was initially awarded to all members of the Royal Family who served in the Canadian Forces, even without completion of twelve years of service; this has, however, not been automatic since 1953.
|Canadian Forces' Decoration|
Obverse and Reverse
|Awarded by the|
monarch of Canada
|Type||Long service and good conduct medal|
|Eligibility||Members of the Canadian Forces|
|Awarded for||12 years service with the Regular or Reserve forces|
|Clasps||Bars awarded for every 10 years thereafter|
|Established||15 December 1949|
|First awarded||7 June 1951|
|Next (higher)||Royal Canadian Mounted Police Long Service Medal|
|Next (lower)||Police Exemplary Service Medal|
- 12 years
- 22 years
- 32 years
- 42 years
- 52 years
- 62 years
The decoration is awarded to officers and non-commissioned members of the Regular and Reserve forces, including honorary appointments within the Canadian Armed Forces. However, time served while on the Supplementary Reserve List does not apply. The medal may be awarded to persons in possession of any long service, good conduct, or efficiency decoration or medal clasps, provided that the individual has completed the full qualifying periods of service for each award and that no service qualifying towards one award is permitted to count towards any other.
Service in the regular and reserve or auxiliary forces of the Commonwealth of Nations is counted towards the decoration if the final five years have been served with the Canadian Armed Forces and no other long service, good conduct, or efficiency medal has been awarded for the same service.
The medal is decagonal (ten-sided, representing the ten provinces), 36 millimetres across the flats, with raised busts. The King George VI medal is .800 fine silver and gilded. The Queen Elizabeth II medal is tombac (a copper-zinc alloy). A gilded copper version was introduced in 2008. The King George VI medal has the uncrowned coinage head of King George VI, facing left, with the inscription GEORGIVS VI D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF around the edge. The Queen Elizabeth II medal has the uncrowned coinage head of Queen Elizabeth II, facing right, with the inscription around the edge ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA with the word CANADA at the bottom. The reverse of the medal has a naval crown, three maple leaves and an eagle representing the navy, army and air force from top to bottom. The word SERVICE is on a scroll at the base and a fleur-de-lis is on each side of the crown. The Royal Cypher is superimposed on the centre of the King George VI medal, but is omitted from the Queen Elizabeth II medal. The King George VI medal has the name and rank of the person to whom the medal was awarded to engraved on the reverse of the solid bar while the Queen Elizabeth II medal has the name and rank engraved around the edge of the medal. Early Queen Elizabeth II medals had the letters stamped rather than engraved.
A clasp, also known as a bar, is awarded for every 10 years of subsequent service. The bar is tombac and is 0.25 inches (6.4 mm) high, has the Canadian coat of arms in the centre surmounted by a crown, and is gold in colour. This is indicated on the undress ribbon bar by a rosette.
The Air Efficiency Award, post-nominal letters AE for officers, was instituted in 1942. It could be awarded after ten years of meritorious service to part-time officers, airmen and airwomen in the Auxiliary and Volunteer Air Forces of the United Kingdom and the Territorial Air Forces and Air Force Reserves of the Dominions, the Indian Empire, Burma, the Colonies and Protectorates.The award of the decoration was discontinued in the United Kingdom on 1 April 1999, when it was superseded by the Volunteer Reserves Service Medal. The decoration is still being awarded in New Zealand, but between 1951 and 1975 it was superseded by local awards in other Dominions.
In Canada, the Air Efficiency Award was superseded by the Canadian Forces Decoration in 1951.
In South Africa, it was superseded by the John Chard Medal in 1952.
In Australia, it was superseded by the National Medal in 1975.Al Meinzinger
Lieutenant-General Alexander Donald Meinzinger is the current Commander of the Royal Canadian Air Force.Andrew Bruce, 11th Earl of Elgin
Andrew Douglas Alexander Thomas Bruce, 11th Earl of Elgin and 15th Earl of Kincardine, (born 17 February 1924), styled Lord Bruce before 1968, is a Scottish peer and Chief of Clan Bruce.Andrew Collier
This article is about the Vice Admiral Andrew Collier. For the philosopher, see Andrew Collier (philosopher)
Vice Admiral Andrew Laurence Collier CMM (June 3, 1924 – January 3, 1987) was a Canadian Forces officer who served as Commander Maritime Command from 1977 to 1979.Art McDonald (admiral)
Vice-Admiral Arthur Gerard McDonald (born 1967) is an officer in the Royal Canadian Navy.Bruce MacLean
Vice-Admiral M. Bruce MacLean CMM, CD is a retired officer of the Canadian Forces. He was Chief of the Maritime Staff from 2004 to 2006.Canadian Efficiency Decoration
The Canadian Efficiency Decoration (ED) was a Canadian military award given to officers of the Non-Permanent Active Militia, RCAF Auxiliary and Reserve who completed twenty years of meritorious military service. Similar Efficiency Decorations were also awarded by other Commonwealth countries. A bar was issued for an additional 20 years of meritorious service. Approximately 3,700 medals were issued.Time spent in war service counted double towards the 20 year requirement and time spent in the ranks counted as half. The award was superseded by the Air Efficiency Award for members of the RCAF Auxiliary and Reserve in 1942. Eligible members who entered the Canadian Forces before 1 September 1939 continued to be eligible for award of the Canadian Efficiency Decoration and bars to the decoration. Members who had joined after that time were eligible for the Canadian Forces Decoration, which superseded the Canadian Efficiency Decoration, on its establishment in 1949.Charles Bouchard
Lieutenant General Joseph Jacques Charles "Charlie" Bouchard is a retired Royal Canadian Air Force general. He has served as Commander of 1 Canadian Air Division / Canadian NORAD Region, the Deputy Commander of North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) and Deputy Commander of Allied Joint Force Command Naples. On 25 March 2011, Bouchard was named Commander of the NATO military mission in Libya.Charles Thomas (Canadian admiral)
Vice Admiral Charles Morris Winton ('Chuck') Thomas CMM (born 31 May 1936) is a retired Canadian Forces officer who served as Vice Chief of the Defence Staff.Efficiency Decoration
The Efficiency Decoration, post-nominal letters TD for recipients serving in the Territorial Army of the United Kingdom or ED for those serving in the Auxiliary Military Forces, was instituted in 1930 for award to part-time officers after twenty years of service as an efficient and thoroughly capable officer. The decoration superseded the Volunteer Officers' Decoration, the Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' Decoration and the Territorial Decoration.In the British Commonwealth, the decoration was gradually superseded by national decorations in some member countries, in Canada by the Canadian Forces Decoration in 1951, in the Union of South Africa by the John Chard Decoration in 1952 and in Australia by the Reserve Force Decoration in 1982. In the United Kingdom, the decoration was superseded by the Volunteer Reserves Service Medal in 1999. New Zealand continues to award the Efficiency Decoration (New Zealand) and is one of a few countries to still do so.Efficiency Medal
The Efficiency Medal was instituted in 1930 for award to part-time warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men after twelve years of efficient service on the active list of the Militia or the Territorial Army of the United Kingdom, or of the other Auxiliary Military Forces throughout the British Empire. At the same time a clasp was instituted for award to holders of the medal upon completion of further periods of six years of efficient service.The medal superseded the Volunteer Long Service Medal, the Volunteer Long Service Medal for India and the Colonies, the Colonial Auxiliary Forces Long Service Medal, the Militia Long Service Medal, the Special Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal and the Territorial Efficiency Medal.In the British Commonwealth, the Efficiency Medal was gradually superseded by national medals in some member countries, in Canada by the Canadian Forces Decoration in 1951, in the Union of South Africa by the John Chard Medal in 1952 and in Australia by the Reserve Force Medal in 1982. In the United Kingdom the medal was superseded by the Volunteer Reserves Service Medal in 1999. New Zealand continues to award the Efficiency Medal (New Zealand) and is one of a few countries to still do so.Henry Porter (Canadian admiral)
Vice Admiral Henry Allan Porter CMM, CD (17 August 1922 – 13 March 2016) was a Canadian Forces officer who served as Commander Maritime Command from 1970 to 1971.James Wood (Canadian admiral)
Vice Admiral James Crilly Wood CMM (born 29 August 1934) is a retired Canadian Forces officer who served as Commander Maritime Command from 1983 to 1987.John Allan (Canadian naval officer)
Vice Admiral John Allan CMM (31 March 1928 - 1 May 2014) was a Canadian Forces officer who served as Commander of Maritime Command from 1979 to 1980.John James Grant
John James (Jim) Grant (born January 17, 1936) was the 32nd Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia. He was the viceregal representative of Queen Elizabeth II of Canada in the Province of Nova Scotia.John O'Brien (admiral)
Vice Admiral John Charles O'Brien OC, CD (16 December 1918 – 24 March 1996) was a Canadian Forces officer who served as Commander Maritime Command from 1966 to 1970.Ronald Buck
Vice-Admiral Ronald Douglas Buck CMM, CD is a retired officer of the Canadian Forces. He was Chief of the Maritime Staff from 2001 to 2004.Vaino Olavi Partanen
Chief Petty Officer 1st Class Vaino Olavi Partanen was a member of the Canadian Forces and a recipient of the Cross of Valour for his actions during an engine room explosion aboard HMCS Kootenay. The Cross of Valour is Canada's highest decoration for bravery in non-combat circumstances.
His citation reads:
CWO Vaino Olavi Partanen was chief engine room artificer aboard HMCS Kootenay. He remained at his post to inform the bridge when an explosion and fire devastated the engine room. HMCS Kootenay, one of seven "Restigouche"-class-destroyer-escorts in the Canadian Navy was conducting full power trials on October 23, 1969 in the Western Approaches to the English Channel with eight other Canadian ships. At 8:21 in the morning there was an explosion in the engine room. Intense heat, flame and smoke engulfed the engine room almost immediately and spread to adjacent passageways and to the boiler room. There were immediate orders to clear the engine room but CWO Partanen, in full knowledge that he was in mortal danger, remained behind in order to report the situation by telephone to the officer of watch on the bridge. He died moments after attempting to make his effort.CPO1 Partanen, with his crewmate Petty Officer 2nd Class Lewis John Stringer (also posthumous), were the first recipients of the Cross of Valour. Both men were also recipients of the Canadian Forces Decoration.William Henry Atkinson
William Henry Isaac Atkinson DSC, CD (22 April 1923 – 18 July 2015) was the highest scoring fighter ace of the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War and the last pilot from The Commonwealth to become an ace during the war. Atkinson claimed five aircraft destroyed and two shared. During the war he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross and was Mentioned in Despatches. Remaining in the navy after the war he was awarded the Canadian Forces Decoration and clasp.
After the war he remained in the Royal Canadian Navy and was eventually promoted to Commander and given command of the destroyer HMCS Haida and the officers training school HMCS Venture before retiring.
|Awards of valour|