Canadian Coast Guard

The Canadian Coast Guard (CCG; French: Garde côtière canadienne – GCC) is the coast guard of Canada. Formed in 1962, the coast guard is tasked with marine search and rescue, communication, navigation and transportation issues in Canadian waters, such as navigation aids and icebreaking, marine pollution response and providing support for other Canadian government initiatives. The coast guard operates 119 vessels of varying sizes and 22 helicopters, along with a variety of smaller craft. The Canadian Coast Guard is headquartered in Ottawa, Ontario, and is a special operating agency within Fisheries and Oceans Canada (Department of Fisheries and Oceans).

Canadian Coast Guard
Garde côtière canadienne  (French)
Canadian Coast Guard crest
Heraldic badge
Canadian Coast Guard racing stripe
Racing stripe
Agency overview
FormedJanuary 26, 1962
JurisdictionCanada
HeadquartersOttawa, Ontario
MottoLatin: Saluti primum auxilio semper, lit. 'Safety first, service always'
Employees4,554[1] personnel
Annual budgetCA$285 million
Minister responsible
Agency executive
  • Jeffery Hutchinson, Commissioner
Parent agencyFisheries and Oceans Canada
Websiteccg-gcc.gc.ca
Footnotes
119 vessels and 22 helicopters[2]

Role and responsibility

Rescue exercise RCA 2012
CCGS Cap Aupaluk assisting the Royal Canadian Air Force in a training exercise

Unlike armed coast guards of some other nations, the CCG is a government marine organization without naval or law enforcement responsibilities. Naval operations in Canada's maritime environment are exclusively the responsibility of the Royal Canadian Navy. Enforcement of Canada's maritime-related federal statutes may be carried out by peace officers serving with various federal, provincial or even municipal law enforcement agencies.

Although CCG personnel are neither a naval nor law enforcement force, they may operate CCG vessels in support of naval operations, or they may serve an operational role in the delivery of maritime law enforcement and security services in Canadian federal waters by providing a platform for personnel serving with one or more law enforcement agencies. The CCG's responsibility encompasses Canada's 202,080-kilometre (109,110 nmi; 125,570 mi) long coastline, the longest of any nation in the world.[3] Its vessels and aircraft operate over an area of ocean and inland waters covering approximately 2.3 million square nautical miles (7.9×106 km2).

Mission and mandate

"Canadian Coast Guard services support government priorities and economic prosperity and contribute to the safety, accessibility and security of Canadian waters."[4]

The CCG's mandate is stated in the Oceans Act and the Canada Shipping Act.[4]

The Oceans Act gives the minister of Fisheries and Oceans responsibility for providing:

  • aids to navigation;
  • marine communications and traffic management services;
  • icebreaking and ice-management services;
  • channel maintenance;
  • marine search and rescue;
  • marine pollution response; and
  • support of other government departments, boards and agencies by providing ships, aircraft and other services.

The Canada Shipping Act gives the minister powers, responsibilities and obligations concerning:

  • aids to navigation;
  • Sable Island;
  • search and rescue;
  • pollution response; and
  • vessel traffic services.

Insignia

Flag of the Governor-General of Canada-Coast Guard
Flag of the Honorary Chief Commissioner
Coastguard Flag of Canada
Bowjack of the Canadian Coast Guard

As a special operating agency within the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, the CCG uses generic identifiers imposed by the Federal Identity Program. However, the CCG is one of several federal departments and agencies (primarily those involved with law enforcement, security, or having a regulatory function) that have been granted heraldic symbols. The CCG badge was originally approved in 1962. Blue symbolizes water, white represents ice, and dolphins are considered a friend of mariners. The motto Saluti Primum, Auxilio Semper translates "Safety First, Service Always".[5] In addition to the Coast Guard Jack, distinctive flags have been approved for use by senior CCG officials including the Honorary Chief Commissioner (the Governor-General) and the Minister of Transport.[6] The Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary was granted a flag and badge by the Canadian Heraldic Authority in 2012.[7]

History

Predecessor agencies and formation (1867–1962)

Originally a variety of federal departments and even the navy performed the work which the CCG does today. Following Confederation in 1867, the federal government placed many of the responsibilities for maintaining aids to navigation (primarily lighthouses at the time), marine safety, and search and rescue under the Marine Service of the Department of Marine and Fisheries, with some responsibility for waterways resting with the Canal Branch of the Department of Railways and Canals.

Lifeboat stations had been established on the east and west coasts as part of the Canadian Lifesaving Service; the station at Sable Island being one of the first in the nation. On the Pacific coast, the service operated the Dominion Lifesaving Trail (now called the West Coast Trail) which provided a rural communications route for survivors of shipwrecks on the treacherous Pacific Ocean coast off Vancouver Island. These stations maintained, sometimes sporadically in the earliest days, pulling (rowed) lifeboats manned by volunteers and eventually motorized lifeboats.

After the Department of Marine and Fisheries was split into separate departments, the Department of Marine continued to take responsibility for the federal government's coastal protection services. During the inter-war period, the Royal Canadian Navy also performed similar duties at a time when the navy was wavering on the point of becoming a civilian organization. Laws related to customs and revenue were enforced by the marine division of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. A government reorganization in 1936 saw the Department of Marine and its Marine Service, along with several other government departments and agencies, folded into the new Department of Transport.

Following the Second World War, Canada experienced a major expansion in ocean commerce, culminating with the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway in 1958. The shipping industry was changing throughout eastern Canada and required an expanded federal government role in the Great Lakes and the Atlantic coast, as well as an increased presence in the Arctic and Pacific coasts for sovereignty purposes. The government of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker decided to consolidate the duties of the Marine Service of the Department of Transport and on January 26, 1962, the Canadian Coast Guard was formed as a subsidiary of DOT. One of the more notable inheritances at the time of formation was the icebreaker Labrador, transferred from the Royal Canadian Navy.

Expansion years (1962–1990)

A period of expansion followed the creation of the CCG between the 1960s and the 1980s. The outdated ships the CCG inherited from the Marine Service were scheduled for replacement, along with dozens of new ships for the expanding role of the organization. Built under a complementary national shipbuilding policy which saw the CCG contracts go to Canadian shipyards, the new ships were delivered throughout this golden age of the organization.

In addition to expanded geographic responsibilities in the Great Lakes, the rise in coastal and ocean shipping ranged from new mining shipments such as Labrador iron ore, to increased cargo handling at the nation's major ports, and Arctic development and sovereignty patrols—all requiring additional ships and aircraft. The federal government also began to develop a series of CCG bases near major ports and shipping routes throughout southern Canada, for example Victoria, British Columbia, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, and Parry Sound, Ontario.

The expansion of the CCG fleet required new navigation and engineering officers, as well as crewmembers. To meet the former requirement, in 1965 the Canadian Coast Guard College (CCGC) opened on the former navy base HMCS Protector at Point Edward, Nova Scotia. By the late 1970s the college had outgrown the temporary navy facilities and a new campus was opened in the adjacent community of Westmount in 1981.

CCGS Leonard J Cowley, Offshore Patrol Vessel
CCGS Leonard J. Cowley docked at CCG Base St. John's in St. John's

During the mid-1980s, the long-standing disagreement between the U.S. and Canada over the legal status of the Northwest Passage came to a head after USCGC Polar Sea transited the passage in what were asserted by Canada to be Canadian waters and by the U.S. to be international waters. During the period of increased nationalism that followed this event, the Conservative administration of Brian Mulroney announced plans to build several enormous icebreakers, the Polar 8 class which would be used primarily for sovereignty patrols.

However the proposed Polar 8 class was abandoned during the late 1980s as part of general government budget cuts; in their place a program of vessel modernizations was instituted. Additional budget cuts to CCG in the mid-1990s following a change in government saw many of CCG's older vessels built during the 1960s and 1970s retired.

From its formation in 1962 until 1995, CCG was the responsibility of the Department of Transport. Both the department and CCG shared complementary responsibilities related to marine safety, whereby DOT had responsibility for implementing transportation policy, regulations and safety inspections, and CCG was operationally responsible for navigation safety and SAR, among others.

Budget cuts and bureaucratic oversight (1994–2005)

Following the 1994 budget, the federal government announced that it was transferring responsibility for the CCG from the Department of Transport to the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO). The reason for placing CCG under DFO was ostensibly to achieve cost savings by amalgamating the two largest civilian vessel fleets within the federal government under a single department.

Arising out of this arrangement, the CCG became ultimately responsible for crewing, operating, and maintaining a larger fleet—both the original CCG fleet before 1995 of dedicated SAR vessels, Navaid tenders, and multi-purpose icebreakers along with DFO's smaller fleet of scientific research and fisheries enforcement vessels, all without any increase in budget—in fact the overall budget for CCG was decreased after absorbing the DFO patrol and scientific vessels.

There were serious stumbling blocks arising out of this reorganization, namely in the different management practices and differences in organizational culture at DFO, versus DOT. DFO is dedicated to conservation and protection of fish through enforcement whereas the CCG's primary focus is marine safety and SAR. There were valid concerns raised within CCG about reluctance on the part of the marine community to ask for assistance from CCG vessels, since the CCG was being viewed as aligned with an enforcement department. In the early 2000s, the federal government began to investigate the possibility of remaking CCG as a separate agency, thereby not falling under a specific functional department and allowing more operational independence.

Special operating agency (2005)

In one of several reorganization moves of the federal ministries following the swearing-in of Prime Minister Paul Martin's cabinet on December 12, 2003, several policy/regulatory responsibilities (including boating safety and navigable waters protection) were transferred from CCG back to Transport Canada to provide a single point of contact for issues related to marine safety regulation and security, although CCG maintained an operational role for some of these tasks.

The services offered by CCG under this arrangement include:

  • Icebreaking and Arctic sovereignty protection
  • Marine search and rescue: primary marine SAR vessels, personnel to staff Joint Rescue Coordination Centres (JRCCs) trained and designated as maritime SAR co-ordinators per the Canada Shipping Act
  • Marine security: monitor vessel movements within Canadian waters, coordinate information to other government departments and agencies regarding 96-hour pre-arrival notification from vessels per the Marine Transportation Security Act, personnel to staff Marine Security Operations Centres (MSOCs)[8]
  • Environmental response: spill containment and clean-up
  • Marine navigation services including aids to navigation: buoy tending, light station keeping, beacon maintenance, publication of Notices to Mariners (NOTMAR) annually and monthly, and Notices to Shipping (NOTSHIP) as well as broadcasting safety Notices to Shipping over marine radio frequencies; and the publication of Radio Aids to Marine Navigation (RAMNav) and the List of Lights, Buoys & Fog Signals (Lights List)
  • Maritime mobile safety services: marine radio communications, electronic aids to radio navigation systems (e.g. LORAN, Differential GPS[9])
  • Vessel traffic services to co-ordinate vessel movement safety, monitoring vessel movements including 96-hour reporting protocol before vessels are permitted to enter Canadian waters
  • Support to fisheries research (as a platform)
  • Offshore, mid-shore and coastal fisheries enforcement (as a platform)
  • Integrated border-enforcement teams (IBETs) with the RCMP and Canada Border Services Agency (as a platform)
  • Marine support to other federal government departments (as a platform)

On April 4, 2005, it was announced by the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans that the CCG was being designated a "special operating agency"—the largest one in the federal government. Although the CCG still falls under the ministerial responsibility of the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, it has more autonomy where it is not as tightly integrated within the department.

An example is that now all CCG bases, aids to navigation, vessels, aircraft, and personnel are wholly the responsibility of the Commissioner of the Canadian Coast Guard, who is also of associate deputy ministerial rank. The commissioner is, in turn, supported by the CCG headquarters which develop a budget for the organization. The arrangement is not unlike the relationship of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, also headed by a Commissioner, toward that organization's parent department, the Department of Public Safety.

As of March 13, 2017, Jeffery Hutchinson has been appointed the current Commissioner of the Canadian Coast Guard.

The special operating agency reorganization is different from the past under both DOT and DFO where regional directors general for these departments were responsible for CCG operations within their respective regions; this reportedly caused problems under DFO that did not occur under DOT. Now all operations of CCG are directed by the Commissioner, who reports directly to the Deputy Minister of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans. Assistant Commissioners are responsible for CCG operations within each region and they report directly to the Commissioner. This management and financial flexibility is being enhanced by an increased budget for CCG to acquire new vessels and other assets to assist in its growing role in marine security.

CCG continues to provide vessels and crew for supporting DFO's fisheries science, enforcement, conservation, and protection requirements. The changes resulting in CCG becoming a special operating agency under DFO did not address some of the key concerns raised by an all-party Parliamentary committee investigating low morale among CCG employees following the transfer from DOT to DFO and budget cuts since 1995. This committee had recommended that CCG become a separate agency under DOT and that its role be changed to a paramilitary organization involved in maritime security by arming its vessels with deck guns, similar to the United States Coast Guard, and that employees be given peace officer status for enforcing federal laws on the oceans and Great Lakes. As a compromise, the CCG now partners with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) to create what are known as integrated border-enforcement teams (IBETs), which patrol Canadian waters along the Canada–United States border.

Fleet modernization (1990–present)

CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent, Heavy Icebreaker
CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent docked at CCG Base St. John's in St. John's, NL.

In the 1990s–2000s, CCG modernized part of its SAR fleet after ordering British Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI)-designed Arun-class high-endurance lifeboat cutters for open coastal areas, and the USCG-designed 47-foot Motor Lifeboat (designated by CCG as the Cape class) as medium-endurance lifeboat cutters for the Great Lakes and more sheltered coastal areas. The CCG ordered five 47-foot (14.3 m) motor lifeboats in September 2009, to add to the 31 existing boats.[10] New vessels delivered to the CCG from 2009 onward included the hovercraft CCGS Mamilossa[11] and the near-shore fisheries research vessels CCGS Kelso[12] and CCGS Viola M. Davidson.[13]

Several major vessels have undergone extensive refits in recent decades, most notably CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent in place of procuring the Polar 8 class of icebreakers.

In the first decade of the 21st century, CCG announced plans for the Mid Shore Patrol Vessel Project (a class of nine vessels)[14][15][16][17] as well as a "Polar"-class icebreaker – since named CCGS John G. Diefenbaker – in addition to inshore and offshore fisheries science vessels and a new oceanographic research vessel as part of efforts to modernize the fleet.

In 2012, the Government of Canada announced a procurement of 24 helicopters to replace the current fleet.[18]

Modernizing the Coast Guard's icebreakers

The Coast Guard has acknowledged that it is not just Louis S. St. Laurent that is old, and needs replacing, all its icebreakers are old. Some critics have argued that with global warming, and the scramble for Arctic nations to document claims to a share of the Arctic Ocean seafloor, Canada lacked sufficient icebreakers. In 2018 the Coast Guard started to publicly search for existing large, capable icebreakers it could purchase. On August 13, 2018, the Coast Guard confirmed it would be buying and retrofitting three large, icebreaking, anchor-handling tugs, Tor Viking, Balder Viking and Vidar Viking from Viking Supply Ships.[19][20]

On 22 May 2019, it was announced two more Harry DeWolf-class offshore patrol vessels will be built for the Canadian Coast Guard, in addition to the six being constructed for the Royal Canadian Navy.[21] Additionally, $15.7B was announced for the production of 16 additional multi-purpose vessels.[22]

Organizational structure

Canadian Coast Guard Regions
Map showing operating regions of the Canadian Coast Guard.

Non-military

The Canadian Coast Guard is a civilian, non-paramilitary organization. The enforcement of laws in Canada's territorial sea is the responsibility of Canada's federal police force, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) as all ocean waters in Canada are under federal (not provincial) jurisdiction. Saltwater fisheries enforcement is a specific responsibility of DFO's Fisheries Officers.

Canadian Coasties at Belle Isle Detroit
CCGS Griffon patrolling the Detroit River.

The CCG does not have a "reserve" element. There is a Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary (CCGA) which is a separate non-profit organization composed of some 5,000 civilian volunteers across Canada who support search and rescue activities.

CCG does not have a paramilitary rank structure; instead, its rank structure roughly approximates that of the civilian merchant marine.

In late October 2010 the Stephen Harper government tabled a report that recommended that arming Canadian Coast Guard icebreakers should be considered.[23] Minister of Fisheries and Oceans Gail Shea presented the government's response to a December 2009 report from the Senate's Fisheries Committee, entitled "Controlling Canada's Arctic Waters: Role of the Canadian Coast Guard."[24] The Senate Committee's report had also recommended arming Canadian Coast Guard vessels in the Arctic.

Randy Boswell, of the Canwest News Service quoted Michael Byers, an expert on the law of the sea, who used the phrase "quiet authority of a deck-mounted gun".[23]

Functional departments

CCG's management and organizational structure reflects its non-military nature. The head of CCG is called the "Commissioner of the Canadian Coast Guard". (The rank of "commissioner" is awarded to the head of the RCMP. However, 'rank' and associated insignia are not viewed in the CCG the same way they are in the RCMP or Royal Canadian Navy).

Commissioner[25] Term
Jeffery Hutchinson March 13, 2017 – present
Jody Thomas January 1, 2015 – March 13, 2017 (first female commissioner [26])
Marc Grégoire June 28, 2010 – December 31, 2014
George Da Pont May 9, 2006 – June 27, 2010
John Adams July 1, 1998 – May 8, 2006
David B. Watters January 1, 1997 – June 30, 1998
John F. Thomas July 1, 1993 – December 31, 1996
Ranald A. Quail January 1, 1984 – June 30, 1993
Andrew L. Collier July 1, 1980 – December 31, 1983
William A. O'Neil January 1, 1975 – June 30, 1980

The CCG agency supports several functional departments as outlined here:

  • Operations Directorate
  • National Strategies Directorate
  • Integrated Technical Services Directorate
  • Major Projects Directorate
  • Integrated Business Management Services

Operational regions

CCG as a whole is divided into three operational regions:[27]

  • Atlantic Region
  • Central and Arctic Region
  • Western Region

In October 2018, the Canadian Government announced the establishment of a fourth region, the Arctic. Previously responsibility for the Arctic areas of Canada was split between the three existing regions. The new unit will include a mandate that ensures increased support for Inuit communities including search and rescue of icebreaking for community resupply. The new region will be headquartered in Canada's north.[28]

Lighthouses and aids to navigation

CCG operates one of the largest networks of navigational buoys, lighthouses and foghorns in the world. These facilities assist marine navigation on the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic coasts as well as selected inland waterways. CCG represents Canada at the International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities (IALA).

CCG completed a large-scale program of automation and de-staffing which began in 1968 and was largely completed in the 1990s.[29] The result of this program saw the automation of all lighthouses and the removal of light keepers except for a handful of stations in British Columbia, Newfoundland and Labrador and New Brunswick.

Budget cuts and technological changes in the marine shipping industry, such as the increased use of GPS, electronic navigation charts and the Global Maritime Distress Safety System, has led CCG to undertake several service reviews for aids to navigation in recent decades.

Such reviews have resulted in the further decommissioning of buoys and shore-based light stations as well as a dramatic reduction in the number of foghorns.[30]

Canadian lightkeepers were notified September 1, 2009 that upper management was once again commencing the de-staffing process. The first round, to be completed before the end of the fiscal year, was to include Trial Island, Entrance Island, Cape Mudge and Dryad Point. The second round included Green Island, Addenbroke, Carmanah Point, Pachena Pt and Chrome Island. The decision was taken without input or consultation from the public or user-groups in spite of the fact that during the last round of de-staffing the public and user-groups spoke vocally against cuts to this service. Once again a large outcry forced Minister of Fisheries Gail Shea to respond and on September 30, 2009 she suspended the de-staffing process pending a review of services lightkeepers provide.[31]

The Canadian Coast Guard also produces the Notice to Mariners (NOTMAR) publication which informs mariners of important navigational safety matters affecting Canadian waters. This electronic publication is published on a monthly basis and can be downloaded from the Notices to Mariners website. The information in the Notice to Mariners is formatted to simplify the correction of paper charts and navigational publications published by the Canadian Hydrographic Service.

Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary

The Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary (CCGA), formerly the Canadian Marine Rescue Auxiliary (CMRA), is a nonprofit organization of volunteer recreational boaters and commercial fishermen who assist CCG with search and rescue as well as boating safety education. CCGA members who assist in SAR operations have their vessel insurance covered by CCG, as well as any fuel and operating costs associated with a particular tasking.

The CCGA enables the CCG to provide marine SAR coverage in many isolated areas of Canada's coastlines without having to maintain an active base and/or vessels in those areas.

Heritage

The Department of Fisheries and Oceans, on behalf of the Canadian Coast Guard, is the custodian of many significant heritage buildings, including the oldest lighthouse in North America, the Sambro Island Lighthouse. The Department has selectively maintained some heritage lighthouses and permitted some alternative use of its historic structures. However, many historic buildings have been neglected and the Department has been accused of ignoring and abandoning even federally recognized buildings. Critics have pointed out that the Department has lagged far behind other nations such as the United States in preserving its historic lighthouses.[32] These concerns have led community groups and heritage building advocates to promote the Heritage Lighthouse Protection Act in the Canadian Parliament.[30]

Popular culture

Spring 2008 saw the introduction of a weekly Canadian television drama on Global Television that was loosely based on the rescue operations of a fictitious CCG station on the Canadian west coast called "Port Hallet." This show was conceived with the name Search and Rescue but debuted as The Guard and was filmed in and around Squamish, British Columbia. CCG assisted in production by providing operational props such as a motor lifeboat, BO-105 helicopters and a hovercraft along with personnel.

Positions

Vessels
  • Crew ranks – Logistics
    • Cook
      • Assistant cooks
      • Waiter
    • Steward
    • Clerk / Storekeeper
  • Crew ranks – Engine room
    • Engine rating / Technician
  • Crew ranks – Deck
    • Seaman
    • Twinehand
    • Leading Seaman
    • Winchman
    • Boatswain
  • Crew ranks – Officers
    • Electrical Officer
    • Engineering Officer
    • Logistics Officer
    • Navigation Officer
  • Crew – Command Officer
    • Captain
Onshore
  • Electronics technologist
  • Engineer
    • Projects engineer
    • Integrated technical service engineer
  • Marine Communications
    • MCTS Officer
  • Administration
    • Finance analyst
    • Planner
    • Human resources analyst
    • Communications specialist
    • Information technologist
  • Senior command
    • Commissioner
    • Deputy Commissioner
    • Director general fleet services
    • Superintendent

Insignias and badges

Epaulettes

Military epaulettes are used to represent ranks. In the CCG they represent levels of responsibility and commensurate salary levels. The Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary epaulettes are similar except they use silver braid to distinguish them from the Canadian Coast Guard.

Canadian Cadet shoulder bars

Cadet

1 Sml

4th-Year Cadet

1 Reg

Ship's Officer Marine Operations (SO-MAO) 02/03

2 Reg

Ship's Officer Marine Operations (SO-MAO) 04

2 Reg 1 Sm

Ship's Officer Marine Operations (SO-MAO) 05/06

3 Reg

Ship's Officer Marine Operations (SO-MAO) 07-09

4 Reg

Ship's Officer Marine Operations (SO-MAO) 10-13

Branch is denoted by coloured cloth between the gold braid. Deck officers, helicopter pilots, hovercraft pilots and JRCC/MRSC marine SAR controllers do not wear any distinctive cloth.

EL 2 Reg

Electrical & Electronic, dark green

ENG 2 Reg

Engineer, purple

IRB 2 Reg

Inshore Rescue Boat, orange

LOG 2 Reg

Logistics & Supply, white

MED 2 Reg

Medical, maroon

MET 2 Reg

Meteorological, light blue

RAD 2 Reg

Radio, emerald green

TRNG 2 Reg 1 Sm

Training, royal blue

Auxiliary epaulettes

CCGA Member Slip-On

Member

CCGA Employee

Employee

CCGA UTO & UPO

Unit Training Officer/Unit Prevention Officer

CCGA Alt UL

Alternate Unit Leader

CCGA Unit Leader

Unit Leader

CCGA UTD-DTO-DPO

Alternate Director/Advisor/District Training Officer/District Prevention Officer

CCGA Director

Director

CCGA Vice-Pres

Vice President

CCGA President

President

CCGA Nation Pres

National President

Cap badges

Crews Cap Badge

Crew

Petty Officers Cap Badge

Petty officer

Officers Cap Badge

Officer

Qualification insignia

Deck

Deck

Engine Room

Engine room

Petty Officer

Petty officer

Rescue Specialist

Rescue specialist

Logistic

Supply

Medals, awards, and long service pins

Exemplary Service Medal

Comm Commendation

Commissioner's Commendation

10 Years

10 Year Long Service Pin

15 Years

15 Year Long Service Pin

20 Years

20 Year Long Service Pin

25 Years

25 Year Long Service Pin

30 Years

30 Year Long Service Pin

35 Years

35 Year Long Service Pin

See also

References

  1. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Fisheries and Oceans. "ARCHIVED – Our People".
  2. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Fisheries and Oceans. "Fleet of the Canadian Coast Guard".
  3. ^ The Atlas of Canada – Coastline and Shoreline Archived 2012-10-10 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b Canada, Government of Canada, Fisheries and Oceans. "CCG Mission, Vision and Mandate". Archived from the original on 2013-05-15.
  5. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Fisheries and Oceans. "Canadian Coast Guard – History". Archived from the original on 2015-07-07.
  6. ^ General, The Office of the Secretary to the Governor. "Canadian Coast Guard [Civil Institution]".
  7. ^ General, The Office of the Secretary to the Governor. "Canadian Coast Guard [Civil Institution]".
  8. ^ http://msoc-cosm.gc.ca/index-eng.asp
  9. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Fisheries and Oceans. "Primer on GPS and DGPS – 2000 Edition".
  10. ^ "New vessels ordered for Canadian Coast Guard". Marine Log. 2009-09-03. Archived from the original on 2009-09-12. These vessels will be the latest additions to the existing fleet of 31 47-foot motor lifeboats, introduced to the Canadian Coast Guard...
  11. ^ Minister Shea Dedicates the New Hovercraft ACV Mamilossa" Fisheries and Oceans Canada
  12. ^ Canadian Coast Guard Commissions New Science Research Vessel in Burlington, Ontario Canadian News Centre. Accessed 5 July 2010.
  13. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Fisheries and Oceans. "HTTP Error 404 – Erreur HTTP 404".
  14. ^ Minister Shea Leads Purchase of Nine New Coast Guard Vessels Archived 2009-09-07 at WebCite Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Accessed 5 July 2010.
  15. ^ "Mid-Shore Patrol Vessels – What Happened to MSPVs and Fisheries Research Vessels for the Canadian Coast Guard?". Canadian American Strategic Review. March 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-12-15. Retrieved 2008-02-01.
  16. ^ "12 Mid-shore Patrol Vessels". Department of Fisheries and Oceans. April 12, 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-11-05. Retrieved 2008-02-01.
  17. ^ "Marine Security". Transport Canada. April 27, 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-01.
  18. ^ http://www.marketwire.com/press-release/harper-government-launches-process-to-modernize-coast-guard-helicopter-fleet-1692406.htm
  19. ^ "Viking Supply Ships". www.vikingsupply.com. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
  20. ^ "Canada Buys Commercial Icebreakers for its Coast Guard". Maritime Executive. 2018-08-13. Retrieved 2018-08-15. On Monday, Norwegian harsh-environment OSV operator Viking Supply Ships announced that it has sold three icebreaking anchor handlers to the government of Canada, which will retrofit them for use by the Canadian Coast Guard (CCG).
  21. ^ Berthiaume, Lee (21 May 2019). "Federal government to buy two more Arctic ships from Irving to prevent layoffs". CBC News. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  22. ^ "Prime Minister announces renewal of Canadian Coast Guard fleet". Prime Minister of Canada. 2019-05-22. Retrieved 2019-05-24.
  23. ^ a b Randy Boswell (2010-10-21). "Tories to consider arming Arctic-bound coast guard ships". Nunatsiaq News. Archived from the original on 2010-10-23. Retrieved 2010-10-23. The commitment to study the option of placing guns on coast guard ships was the highlight of the government's tabled response this week to recommendations in a report from the Senate fisheries committee about strengthening Canada's presence in the North.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  24. ^ "Controlling Canada's Arctic Waters: Role of the Canadian Coast Guard" (PDF). Canadian Senate Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans. December 2009. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2010-10-23. The preface to this report tells how a foreign vessel, previously banished from Canada and with criminals among the crew, sailed undisturbed into the heart of Canada‟s Northwest Passage. Authorities noticed her only after she landed in Inuit communities. The Berserk II was a small vessel, but it raises a large question: how well does Canada control its Arctic waters?
  25. ^ "Commissioners". Government of Canada. Archived from the original on 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2012-01-21.
  26. ^ Paul Mcleod Ottawa Bureau (2014-08-19). "Coast guard boss is first woman to hold position | The Chronicle Herald". Thechronicleherald.ca. Retrieved 2015-03-20.
  27. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Fisheries and Oceans. "Canadian Coast Guard – Home Page".
  28. ^ "Canadian Coast Guard to increase focus on Arctic through creation of new branch". The Globe and Mail. The Canadian Press. 24 October 2018. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  29. ^ Lighthouses and Lights E.R. Irwin, Nimbus, 2003, p. viii
  30. ^ a b Heritage Canada Foundation, Presentation to the Standing Committee of fisheries and Oceans, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2011-08-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ [1]
  32. ^ "Facts About Canada's Threatened Lighthouses". Nova Scotia Lighthouse Preservation Society. Archived from the original on 2004-10-24.

External links

Arun-class lifeboat

The Arun-class lifeboat was a fast all-weather lifeboat designed by the Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) for service at its stations around the coasts of the United Kingdom and Ireland. They were operated by the RNLI between 1971 and 2008. Many have been sold to see further service in the lifeboat and coastguard services of other countries.

The class takes its name from the River Arun in Sussex, England.

Buoy tender

A buoy tender is a type of vessel used to maintain and replace navigational buoys. This term can also apply to an actual person who does this work.

The United States Coast Guard uses buoy tenders to accomplish one of its primary missions of maintaining all U. S. Aids to Navigation (ATON).The Canadian Coast Guard uses multi-use vessels (most being icebreakers) with tasks including buoy tending.

CCGS Captain Molly Kool

CCGS Captain Molly Kool is a Canadian Coast Guard converted medium class icebreaker. She was originally built as an icebreaking anchor handling tug Vidar Viking for Trans Viking Icebreaking & Offshore AS in 2001. The vessel was acquired by the Canadian Coast Guard in August 2018 and was commissioned in December of the same year after a brief refit.

CCGS Captain Molly Kool has two sister vessels, CCGS Jean Goodwill and CCGS Vincent Massey, both of which are converted offshore vessels.

CCGS Hudson

CCGS Hudson is an offshore oceanographic and hydrographic survey vessel operated by the Canadian Coast Guard. The ship entered service in 1963 with the Canadian Oceanographic Service, stationed at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography, called CSS Hudson. The ship made several significant scientific voyages, among them the first circumnavigation of the Americas in 1970. The ship was transferred to the Canadian Coast Guard in 1996 and remains in service.

CCGS John G. Diefenbaker

CCGS John G. Diefenbaker is the name for a Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker that is expected to join the fleet in 2021–2022. She was initially expected to be in service by 2017. Her namesake, John G. Diefenbaker, was Canada's 13th prime minister. It was Diefenbaker's government that founded the Canadian Coast Guard in 1962.

The ship is to be constructed by Seaspan Marine Corporation as part of the National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy.

CCGS Limnos

CCGS Limnos is a Canadian Coast Guard coastal research and survey vessel. The ship entered service in 1968 and is currently active. The ship is based on the Great Lakes at the Coast Guard Base in Burlington, Ontario and is used for hydrographic and limnological research.

CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent

CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent is a Canadian Coast Guard Heavy Arctic Icebreaker. Louis S. St-Laurent's home port is St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador and is stationed there with other vessels of the coast guard.

Named after the twelfth Prime Minister of Canada, The Right Honourable Louis St. Laurent, PC CC QC LLD DCL LLL BA. The vessel is classed a "Heavy Arctic Icebreaker" and is the largest icebreaker and flagship of the CCG.

CCGS Simcoe

CCGS Simcoe was a Canadian Coast Guard buoy tender and light icebreaker. The second vessel of the name in Canadian government service, Simcoe was in service from 1962 to 2007 based out of the Coast Guard base at Prescott, Ontario working the Great Lakes and Saint Lawrence Seaway. In 2008 the ship was sold to commercial interests.

CCGS Simon Fraser

CCGS Simon Fraser was a buoy tender operated by the Canadian Coast Guard. The vessel entered service in 1960 with the Department of Transport's Marine Fleet, before being transferred to the newly formed Canadian Coast Guard in 1962. The buoy tender served on both coasts of Canada and was used for search and rescue duties along the West Coast of Canada. The ship was loaned to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in 2000 and transited the Northwest Passage, circumnavigating North America in the process. The ship was taken out of service in 2001 and sold to private interests. In 2006, the vessel reappeared as a yacht using the same name.

CCGS Sir Humphrey Gilbert

CCGS Sir Humphrey Gilbert was a Canadian Coast Guard light icebreaker and now a privately owned Arctic icebreaker Polar Prince. The ship entered service with the Department of Transport Marine Service in 1959 and transferred to the newly created Canadian Coast Guard in 1962, active until 1986. The icebreaker was sold to private interests in Newfoundland and the ship sat idle after 2001 until resold in 2009 to GTX Technology Canada Limited and renamed Polar Prince. Rebuilt, the icebreaker is now plying the waters of the Arctic Ocean. In 2017, the vessel was temporarily rechristened Canada C3 and used for a high-profile voyage around Canada's three maritime coasts as part of the nation's 150th anniversary.

CCGS Tanu

CCGS Tanu is a fisheries patrol vessel in service with the Canadian Coast Guard. The ship was constructed in 1968 by Yarrows at their yard in Esquimalt, British Columbia and entered service the same year. Home ported at Patricia Bay, British Columbia, the ship is primarily used to carry out fisheries patrols and search and rescue missions along Canada's Pacific coast.

CCGS Tracy

CCGS Tracy was a Marine service vessel and navigational aid tender operated by the Canadian Coast Guard. Designed for service on the Great Lakes and the Saint Lawrence River, the ship joined the fleet in 1968 and was stationed at Canadian Coast Guard Base at Sorel, Quebec and serviced the Quebec Region. The vessel was taken out of service in 2013 and was sold in 2017 to private interests.

CCGS Vector

CCGS Vector is a hydrographic survey vessel in the Canadian Coast Guard. The ship was constructed in Canada and entered service in 1967 as a coastal research vessel on the West Coast. The ship is currently in service, based at Canadian Coast Guard Base Patricia Bay in Sidney, British Columbia.

Canadian Coast Guard College

The Canadian Coast Guard College (CCGC) is a maritime training college and Canadian Coast Guard facility located in Westmount, Nova Scotia—a suburb of the former city of Sydney in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality.

The CCGC core training program revolves around a 4-year Officer Cadet program that prepares navigation and engineering officers for service on Canadian Coast Guard ships. These cadets receive a Bachelor of Technology (Nautical Science) that is granted in collaboration with Cape Breton University. Other training programs include a 6-month program for Marine Communications and Traffic Services Officers that specializes in radiotelephony procedures for marine safety and vessel traffic services to co-ordinate and monitor vessel movements in Canada's territorial waters. Canadian Coast Guard officers that work in the nation's Joint Rescue Coordination Centres (JRCCs) also undertake advanced training at CCGC where a mock-up of a JRCC exists for simulation and training purposes. Additionally, various courses and training programs exist for specialized positions in CCG, including administrative courses, search and rescue, and environmental response.

Canadian Coast Guard ship

The designation Canadian Coast Guard Ship (CCGS; French: navire de la Garde côtière canadienne, NGCC) is applied as a prefix to vessels in the Canadian Coast Guard.

Prior to the formation of the Coast Guard in the 1960s ships operated by the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans (now known as Fisheries and Oceans Canada) were named with either the CGS prefix for Canadian Government Ship (Le CGS in French) or DGS for Dominion Government Ship.

Chilean icebreaker Almirante Óscar Viel

Almirante Óscar Viel is an icebreaker in service with the Chilean Navy since 1995. Originally in service with the Canadian Coast Guard as CCGS Norman McLeod Rogers, it was named for former Canadian Member of Parliament and cabinet minister Norman McLeod Rogers (1894–1940). It is currently named for Counter Admiral Oscar Viel Toro (1837–1892), who was the commander of the Chilean naval forces from 1881–1883 and 1891.

Hunter Tootoo

Hunter A. Tootoo (Inuktitut: ᕼᐊᓐᑕ ᑐᑐ; born August 18, 1963) is a Canadian politician serving as the Member of Parliament for Nunavut since 2015. Elected as a Liberal to the House of Commons, he was appointed Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard by Justin Trudeau on November 4, 2015. Tootoo resigned from that position on May 31, 2016, to take a leave from Parliament to seek treatment for alcohol addiction. He returned by the end of July 2016 after the completion of his treatment program but remains sitting as an independent.

Before federal politics, Tootoo served as a Member of the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut, where he represented the riding of Iqaluit Centre from 1999 to 2013. Tootoo was Speaker of the Legislative Assembly from 2011 to 2013. He was a member of the New Democratic Party from 1997 to 1999.

List of equipment of the Canadian Coast Guard

The Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) maintains a fleet of sea and lake going vessels, hovercraft, and aircraft. The variety of equipment allows the CCG to perform its mandated functions of navaids and sea-going transportation management, search and rescue, marine pollution response and the support of other Canadian federal authorities.

Minister of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Guard

The Minister of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Guard, previously the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans (French: Ministre des Pêches et des Océans), is the minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible for supervising the fishing industry, administrating all navigable waterways in the country, and overseeing the operations of the Canadian Coast Guard and the Freshwater Fish Marketing Corporation.

The minister is the head of the federal government's marine department, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, often referred to by its older (and technical) name Department of Fisheries and Oceans.

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