Canada Place

Canada Place is a building situated on the Burrard Inlet waterfront of Vancouver, British Columbia. It is the home of the Vancouver Convention Centre, the Pan Pacific Vancouver Hotel, Vancouver's World Trade Centre, and the virtual flight ride FlyOver Canada. The building's exterior is covered by fabric roofs resembling sails.[4] It is also the main cruise ship terminal for the region, where Vancouver's famous cruises to Alaska originate. The building was designed by architects Zeidler Roberts Partnership in joint venture with Musson Cattell Mackey Partnership and DA Architects + Planners.

Canada Place can be reached via the SkyTrain line at the nearby Waterfront Station terminus or via West Cordova Street in Vancouver. The white sails of the building have made it a prominent landmark for the city, as well as drawing comparisons to the Sydney Opera House in Sydney, Australia and the Denver International Airport in Denver, Colorado.

The structure was expanded in 2001 to accommodate another cruise ship berth and in 2009/10, for the 2010 Winter Olympics, Canada Place served as the Main Press Centre.[5]

Canada Place
Canada Place
General information
TypeConvention center
Cruise ship terminal
Location999 Canada Place
Vancouver, British Columbia
V6C 3T4
Coordinates49°17′19″N 123°06′40″W / 49.288635°N 123.111119°WCoordinates: 49°17′19″N 123°06′40″W / 49.288635°N 123.111119°W
Current tenantsVancouver Convention Centre
Pan Pacific Vancouver Hotel
Vancouver World Trade Centre
Construction startedMarch 9, 1983
CompletedDecember 1985
OpenedMay 2, 1986
Cost$400 million CAD
Renovation cost$21 million CAD
OwnerPort Metro Vancouver
Height81.5 metres (267 ft)
Technical details
Floor count23
Design and construction
ArchitectEberhard Zeidler / Barry Downs
Architecture firmJoint Venture: Zeidler Roberts Partnership, MCMP & DA Architects + Planners
Renovating team
Renovating firmLedcor Group of Companies


Panorama view of Canada Place's sails with the North Shore in the background.

Canada Place was built on the land which was originally the Canadian Pacific Railway's Pier B-C. Built in 1927, its primary purpose was to serve CPR and other shipping lines trading across the Pacific Ocean.[2]

In 1978 Federal, Provincial and Municipal governments commenced planning for development of convention, cruise ship and hotel facilities. Four years later, the Government of Canada created a crown corporation, Canada Harbour Place Corporation (known as Canada Place Corporation until 2012), to develop the Canada Place project on the Pier B-C site. Construction began when HM Queen Elizabeth II arrived on the Royal Yacht Britannia with The Right Hon. Pierre Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada and The Hon. William R. Bennett, Premier of BC to initiate the first concrete pour.

During Expo 86, the Canada Pavilion at Canada Place was opened by HRH Prince Charles and The Right Hon. Brian Mulroney, Prime Minister of Canada. Among the largest and most elaborate pavilions presented by any nation at any World's Fair, the Canada Pavilion hosted more than 5 million visitors prior to the October 13, 1986 closing date.

Canada Place Corporation (CPC), a Crown agent, continues to act as the coordinating landlord for Canada Place facilities.


Throughout the year many community events are held at and hosted by Canada Place.

Pan Pacific Vancouver

Pan Pacific Vancouver Lobby
Pan Pacific Vancouver lobby
Canada Place, night view

The Pan Pacific Vancouver has 504 rooms and suites and several restaurants and a lounge.

The Hotel is operated by Pan Pacific Hotels and Resorts.

Heritage Horns

Heritage Horns at the Pan Pacific Vancouver
The North five of the ten Heritage Horns.
Touch play to hear horns

The Heritage Horns, formerly known as the 12 O'clock Horn, sound the first four notes of O Canada every day at noon and can be heard throughout Downtown Vancouver and beyond. The ten horns have five facing north and five facing east on the roof of the Pan Pacific hotel and have an output of 115 Decibels. They were the brainchild of Les Southwell, designed and constructed by Robert Swanson for Canada's centenial 1967 , and funded by BC Hydro. They were originally on the roof of the BC Hydro building (now The Electra) and were silent when the headquarters was converted to condominiums in the early 1990s. The horns started sounding again on November 8, 1994 after being acquired, refurbished, and relocated to Canada Place. Due to complaints, the timer was changed from mechanical to electrical soon after to make them accurate.[6] They sounded 26 times during the 2010 Olympics, once for each medal won by Canada. The first was at 7:30pm on February 13 for a silver won by Jennifer Heil.[7] Another notable time signal in the area is the 9 O'Clock Gun across the harbour in Stanley Park.

See also


  1. ^ "Our History". Canada Place Corporation. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2011-06-24.
  2. ^ a b "Canada Place". Pacific Northwest Architecture. Artefaqs Corporation. Retrieved 2011-06-24.
  3. ^ "Federal stimulus fund to cover cost of Canada Place roof upgrade". The Vancouver Sun. CanWest. November 30, 2009. Archived from the original on January 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-24.
  4. ^ Pound, Richard W. (2005). 'Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates'. Fitzhenry and Whiteside.
  5. ^ "Highlights of the week". International Olympic Committee. January 15, 2010. Retrieved 2011-06-24.
  6. ^ Heritage Horns Archived 2013-04-03 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.

External links

1963 Edmonton municipal election

The 1963 municipal election was held October 16, 1963 to elect a mayor and six aldermen to sit on Edmonton City Council and four trustees to sit on each of the public and separate school boards. The electorate also decided three plebiscite questions.

There were ten aldermen on city council, but four of the positions were already filled: Frederick John Mitchell, Ethel Wilson, Morris Weinlos, and Vincent Dantzer were all elected to two-year terms in 1962 and were still in office. George Prudham was also elected to a two-year term in 1961, but resigned.

There were seven trustees on the public school board, but three of the positions were already filled: James Falconer, Milton Lazerte, and Helen Sinclair were elected to two-year terms in 1962 and were still in office. The same was true on the separate board, where Edward Stack, Jean McDonald, and Bill Diachuk were continuing.

All elected officials were elected to one-year terms in this election, in preparation for the changeover to a new system, whereby elections would be held only every two years with all officials elected to two-year terms.

In addition to choosing members for City Council, citizens were asked to vote on three plebiscites. Two of the plebiscites were related, asking if the city should borrow money to purchase a four city block parcel of land in downtown Edmonton, and if the city should borrow money to build a sports and convention complex on that land. These two plebiscites were rejected. The site under consideration, on the north side of Jasper Avenue, is now occupied by the Citadel Theatre (opened 1976), Sun Life Place (1978), and Canada Place (1988). Citizens did agree to a sports/convention centre in a 1968 plebiscite, but later rejected the specific 1970 Omniplex project plebiscite. The eventual (1983) scaled down Edmonton Convention Centre was built a few metres south of the 1963 proposal site, on the cliff side of Jasper Avenue.

97 Street, Edmonton

97 Street is a major arterial road in north Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. It is used to take vehicles in and out of Downtown Edmonton to the city's northern suburban neighbourhoods and to the region's main military installation, CFB Edmonton. North of Yellowhead Trail (Highway 16), it is designated as part of Highway 28.

The road has existed in some form since Edmonton was a small agricultural community. At its southern terminus it connects with Jasper Avenue, early Edmonton's main street, at the location of the Shaw Conference Centre and Canada Place the main federal government offices in Alberta since 1988 and the former site of the Alberta Hotel. Proceeding north, 97 Street passes the Francis Winspear Centre for Music, and the Law Courts, as well as the Chinatown gate in Chinatown and Little Italy. Like all early roads in eastern Edmonton, Namao Avenue as it was called, ran at a slight angle to a true north-south line, being more NNW-SSE. During later development (north of 110A Avenue) it switches to a straight north-south course.

The neighbourhood along the west side, between 137 and 153 Avenues, Griesbach, used to be designated for homes for the families of the base. This has since been redeveloped by the Canada Lands Company. 97 Street is still used as the Canadian Forces parade to the base upon return of duty of the troops. A portion of 97 street between 137 Avenue and Anthony Henday Drive has been given the honorary name, " Canadian Forces Trail" and was approved in 2018, the proposal submitted by Ward 3 City Councillor Jon Dziadyk. This has prompted the light standards being tied with yellow ribbons and the street nicknamed Heroes Boulevard. This honorary name was the idea of local dentist Randy Crowell as a tribute to all past and present members of Edmontons' military family. 10,000 names were gathered through radio media outlets and presented to City Hall in support of the Heroes Boulevard tribute.

Anime Revolution

Anime Revolution (abbreviated as AniRevo) is a three-day anime convention held annually in August in Vancouver, BC. Initially held in the East Wing of the at the Vancouver Convention Centre, (Canada Place) it has been held in the newer West Wing since 2017. While the name is similar, the con has no connection to Anime Evolution.

Battle River

Battle River is a river in central Alberta and western Saskatchewan. It is a major tributary of the North Saskatchewan River.

The Battle River flows for 570 kilometres (350 mi) and has a total drainage area of 30,300 square kilometres (11,700 sq mi). The mean discharge is 10 m³/s at its mouth.

Burrard Street

Burrard Street is a major thoroughfare in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. It is the central street of Downtown Vancouver and the Financial District. The street is named for Burrard Inlet, located at its northern terminus, which in turn is named for Sir Harry Burrard-Neale.The street starts at Canada Place near the Burrard Inlet, then runs southwest through downtown Vancouver. It crosses False Creek via the Burrard Bridge. South of False Creek, on what used to be called Cedar Street before the completion of the bridge in 1932, the street runs due south until the intersection with West 16th Avenue.

The intersection of Burrard Street and Georgia Street is considered to be the centrepoint of Downtown Vancouver, along with the more tourist-oriented and upscale shopping-spirited intersection of Burrard Street and Robson Street to the south. At and due northeast of the centre is the heart of the Financial District. Further down closer to Vancouver Harbour stands the historic Marine Building, an Art Deco masterpiece, opened in 1930, two years before the Art Deco pylons of the Burrard Bridge at the opposite end of the street. Finally at the Harbour lies Canada Place and the Vancouver Convention Centre.

Nearer to Burrard Bridge is located St. Paul's Hospital, established on Burrard Street in 1894.

Burrard Street served as the dividing line between the two district lots laid out on the downtown peninsula in the second half of the 19th century: District Lot 185 (now West End) and District Lot 541 (granted to the Canadian Pacific Railway). The two grids were oriented differently, with the result that only every third northwest-southeast street in DL185 actually continuing southeast beyond Burrard into DL541. Burrard currently serves as the boundary between West End and Downtown, as defined by the City of Vancouver.Burrard Street is served by SkyTrain's Burrard Station, located underground between the intersections with Melville and Dunsmuir Streets in the heart of the Financial District. Along the downtown portion, there is a bike lane on the southwest-bound direction towards the Burrard Bridge.

Citigroup Centre, London

The Citigroup Centre is a building complex in London. It houses Citigroup's EMEA headquarters and is located in Canary Wharf in the city's Docklands. The centre provides 170,000 square metres (1,800,000 sq ft) of floor space across two merged buildings - 33 Canada Square (known as "CGC1") and 25 Canada Square (known as "CGC2"), and houses the bulk of Citi's UK employee base. Together, both buildings form the Citigroup Centre complex.

25 Canada Square, or Citigroup Centre 2, stands at 200 metres (656 ft) and, alongside HSBC Tower (with which it was built in tandem), is the joint 4th-tallest building in the United Kingdom (behind The Shard, One Canada Square and Heron Tower). Designed by César Pelli & Associates, construction of the 45-storey tower - undertaken by Canary Wharf Contractors - began in 1998 and was completed in 2001, with Citigroup leasing the building from the outset. The building was bought by RBS in 2004 along with 5 Canada Square (leased to Bank of America) for $1.12 billion. Subsequently, on 2 July 2007, CGC2 was individually sold to a joint venture between Quinlan Private and PropInvest for £1 billion (US$2 billion). Citigroup pay £46.5 million a year in rent for the tower, generating a yield of 4.6% to the owners. The east facing side of 25 Canada Square up to level 40 is configured for use by tenants.

33 Canada Square, or Citigroup Centre 1, is the smaller of the two buildings in the complex, designed by Norman Foster and completed in 1999, two years before its neighbour. At 105 metres (344 ft) tall, the building is made up of eighteen floors, all of which are adjoined to their equivalent floors in 25 Canada Square. The building is owned by Citigroup, and was built before the completion of the Jubilee line extension in late 1999.

In addition to main entrances from both Canada Square and Upper Bank Street, Citigroup Centre is also accessible via underground walkways from Canada Place shopping mall and Canary Wharf London Underground station - served by the Jubilee line. The Centre is also close to DLR stations Canary Wharf and Heron Quays, which provide connections with the City, London City Airport and surrounding areas.

Coal Harbour

Coal Harbour is the name for a section of Burrard Inlet lying between Vancouver, Canada's downtown peninsula and the Brockton Peninsula of Stanley Park. It has also now become the name of the neighbourhood adjacent to its southern shoreline.

Edmonton Pedway

The Edmonton Pedway system is a network connecting office buildings, shopping centres, and parkades in downtown Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. It consists of approximately 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) of year-round climate-controlled underground tunnels, and walkways between the second floors of buildings, approximately 15 feet (4.6 m) above ground. The main network connects more than 40 buildings and parkades, and three of the five Edmonton Light Rail Transit (LRT) stations in the downtown area.The Pedway system is integrated with public transit via climate controlled access to LRT stations.

Linked to Churchill station:

Canada Place

Shaw Conference Centre

Citadel Theatre

Stanley A. Milner Library

Westin Hotel

Royal Alberta Museum

Art Gallery of Alberta

Chancery Hall

Edmonton City Hall

Provincial Court of Alberta

John E Brownlee Building

Sutton Place Hotel

Edmonton City Centre mall (East building)

Sutton Place Hotel

MNP Tower

Bell Tower

Stantec Offices/Bell Tower Parkade

Edmonton TowerLinked to Central station:

ATB Place

Scotia Place

Commerce Place

Manulife Place

Edmonton Journal building

Edmonton City Centre mall (West building)

Royal Bank buildingLinked to Bay/Enterprise Square station:

Canadian Western Bank Place

Enterprise Square

Throughout the city, there are some independent connections between buildings that are not linked to the wider system, as well as shorter tunnels leading from the surface directly to transit. Notable examples include connections to the Alberta Legislature Buildings that leads to Grandin station, and networks connecting buildings at the University of Alberta and Northern Alberta Institute of Technology.

Expo 86

The 1986 World Exposition on Transportation and Communication, or simply Expo 86, was a World's Fair held in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada from Friday, May 2 until Monday, October 13, 1986. The fair, the theme of which was "Transportation and Communication: World in Motion - World in Touch", coincided with Vancouver's centennial and was held on the north shore of False Creek. It was the second time that Canada held a World's Fair, the first being Expo 67 in Montreal (during the Canadian Centennial). It was also the third World's Fair to be held in the Pacific Northwest in the previous 24 years as of 1986 and as of 2019 it still stands as the last World's Fair to be held in North America.

Mount Saskatchewan (Alberta)

For the peak by this name in Kluane National Park, see Mount Saskatchewan (Yukon).

Mount Saskatchewan is a mountain located in the North Saskatchewan River valley of Banff National Park, in the Canadian Rockies of Alberta, Canada.

J. Norman Collie named the mountain in 1898 for the nearby Saskatchewan River. One report said Collie so named it due to its possession of the headwaters of the North Saskatchewan River.

Pan Pacific Vancouver Hotel

Pan Pacific Vancouver Hotel is a hotel in Canada Place, Vancouver, Canada.

Place du Canada

Place du Canada (part of Dominion Square until 1967) is a large urban square in downtown Montreal.

Rural Municipality of Key West No. 70

Key West No. 70 is a rural municipality in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. There are 309 people who live there. The total area of Key West No. 70 is 825.26 square kilometres (318.6 sq mi). The population density is 0.4 people per square kilometer. There are 133 private dwellings in Key West No. 70 occupied by usual residents and 152 private dwellings total. Key West No. 70 is in SARM Division No. 2 in southwest Saskatchewan.

The town of Ogema lies geographically within the southeastern part of the R.M. and a section of the Piapot Cree First Nation 75H lies in its northeastern section, although neither of these communities is technically part of Key West.

Shaw Conference Centre

The Edmonton Convention Centre (Formally The Shaw Conference Centre, The Shaw, or SCC), is a meeting, entertainment, and convention venue located in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Opened in 1983, it is managed by the Edmonton Economic Development Corporation (EEDC), a not-for-profit enterprise owned by the City of Edmonton.

It is located on Jasper Avenue and built into a hill, emerging onto Grierson Hill Road and into the Louise McKinney Riverfront Park. The riverside site allows for approximately 70 per cent of the building space to be located underground, burrowed into the cliff face, concealing the fact that the building is over 10 stories high.

It is reported by EEDC that the ECC boosts Edmonton's economy by an estimated $44 million a year.

Transport Canada

Not to be confused with Canadian Transportation Agency.Transport Canada (French: Transports Canada) is the department within the government of Canada responsible for developing regulations, policies and services of transportation in Canada. It is part of the Transportation, Infrastructure and Communities (TIC) portfolio. The current Minister of Transport is Marc Garneau. Transport Canada is headquartered in Ottawa, Ontario.

Vancouver Convention Centre

The Vancouver Convention Centre (formerly known as the Vancouver Convention & Exhibition Centre, or VCEC) is a convention centre in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; it is one of Canada's largest convention centres. With the opening of the new West Building in 2009, it now has 43,340 square metres (466,500 sq ft) of meeting space. It is owned by the British Columbia Pavilion Corporation, a crown corporation owned by the government of British Columbia.

Vancouver Fraser Port Authority

The Vancouver Fraser Port Authority, responsible for overseeing the Port of Vancouver, is a non-shareholder, financially self-sufficient Crown corporation established by the Government of Canada in January 2008, pursuant to the Canada Marine Act, and accountable to the federal Minister of Transport. It is the principal authority for shipping and port-related land and sea use in the Metro Vancouver region. In 2014, it was the fourth largest port by tonnage in the Americas, 29th in the world in terms of total cargo and 44th in the world in terms of container traffic.

Waterfront station (Vancouver)

Waterfront is a major intermodal public transportation facility and the main transit terminus in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. It is located on West Cordova Street in Downtown Vancouver, between Granville and Seymour Street. The station is also accessible via two other street-level entrances, one on Howe Street to the west for direct access to the Expo Line and another on Granville Street to the south for direct access to the Canada Line.

The station is within walking distance of Vancouver's historical Gastown district, Canada Place, Convention & Exhibition Centre, Harbour Centre, Sinclair Centre, and the Vancouver Harbour Flight Centre float plane terminal. A heliport operated by Helijet, along with the downtown campuses for Simon Fraser University and the British Columbia Institute of Technology, are also located within the vicinity of the station.

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