Canada Medal

The Canada Medal was an honour created in 1943 as part of an attempt to establish an indigenous honours system in Canada. It was meant to serve as the top award that could be awarded to civilians and military personnel. The increase in demand for civilian honours during the Second World War led to the creation of a committee to examine honours in Canada. While the committee mostly dealt with regulations regarding British honours, the committee did manage to have the Canada Medal created. Though established by Royal Warrant and added to the order of wear as early as 1947,[2] the medal was never awarded. The medal was abolished in 1966, just prior to the creation of the Order of Canada. Despite the fact that it was never awarded, it continues to appear in the official order of wear published in the London Gazette.[1]

Canada Medal
Canada General Service Medal BAR
Ribbon of the medal
Country Canada
EligibilityCanadians
StatusAbolished 1966
Post-nominalsCM (English)
M du C (French)
Statistics
Established27 August 1943
Total awardedNever awarded
Order of Wear
Next (higher)British Empire Medal[1]
Next (lower)Queen's Police Medal for Distinguished Service[1]

Background

In the aftermath of the First World War there was a sense of dissatisfaction in how honours were distributed. The effect was the passage of the Nickel Resolution. The resolution created a policy of Canadians not being appointed to peerages or titular honours, and the government of Canada only making recommendation for a handful of non-titular honours. In 1931, the Statute of Westminster reaffirmed the equality of the self-governing dominions of the British Empire, however there was no mechanism to establish honours specific to the dominions. In 1935, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Long Service Medal was established as the first award specifically for service in Canada. The Canadian government managed the creation of this medal by passing the recommendation for creating the honour on to the Dominions Office, who had experience with drafting Royal Warrants. In 1934, King George V signed the Royal Warrant creating the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Long Service Medal. Prime Minister R.B. Bennett countersigned the Royal Warrant 15 December 1934 signifying that the King was acting on the advice of his Canadian Ministry.[3]

During the Second World War, a group of senior government civil servants was put together in the Awards Co-ordination Committee (ACC). The ACC primarily dealt with questions in regards to British awards being presented to Canadians. Working in the same period of time was a Parliamentary committee, the Special Committee on Honours and Awards, who came up with a recommendation to create a Canadian order. Though ultimately rejected, the name Order of Canada was brought up and subsequently stuck, until its establishment later.[4]

Creation

Despite the failure of proposals for a Canadian order, the ACC managed to have the Canada Medal created. The process used to establish the RCMP Long Service Medal was followed for the creation of the Canada Medal,[5] resulting in a Royal Warrant by George VI establishing the medal on 27 August 1943. The Canada Medal was to be the preeminent distinguished service award for Canadians, both civilians and military personnel.[6] The medal was to be awarded to Canadian and non-Canadian persons who provided, "specially valuable and meritorious service of a high standard...special service of a high degree of merit, such as discharge of special duties superior to the person's ordinary work...highly meritorious performance of ordinary duties where these have entailed work of a specifically trying character."[7]

Fate

The first honours list with awards of the Canada Medal was to be released on 11 November 1943. The list contained the King and other world leaders, as well as Canadian military personnel. However, the awards were never made.[8] Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King was not in favor of awarding the medal, so the medal was not awarded.[6] Between its creation and 1966, the Canada Medal was an official decoration of Canada, the first award of merit created for Canadians by the Canadian government but in its history, was never awarded. When the Order of Canada was established, the warrant creating the Canada Medal was revoked.[8]

Appearance

The Canada Medal was a round silver medal. The obverse of the medal bore the effigy of King George VI, surrounded by his titles. The reverse of the medal bore the Royal Arms of Canada above a scroll with the word CANADA, surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves. The medal was suspended from a bar with the word MERIT or MERITE. All medals were stamped with the word specimen on the rim. The ribbon consisted of three equal stripes of red, white, and red.[8] The same as the Canada General Service Medal.[9]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c "No. 56878". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 March 2003. p. 3352.
  2. ^ "No. 37877". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 February 1947. p. 698.
  3. ^ McCreery 2010, p. 2.
  4. ^ McCreery 2005, p. 54.
  5. ^ McCreery 2010, p. 3.
  6. ^ a b McCreery 2010, p. 7.
  7. ^ McCreery 2005, p. 48.
  8. ^ a b c McCreery 2005, p. 49.
  9. ^ Veterans Affairs Canada 2014.

References

125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal

The 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal (French: Médaille commémorative du 125e anniversaire de la Confédération du Canada) is a commemorative medal struck by the Royal Canadian Mint to commemorate the 125th anniversary of the Confederation of Canada and was awarded to Canadians who were deemed to have made a significant contribution to their fellow citizens, to their community, or to Canada. Nominations were submitted to lieutenant governors and territorial commissioners, senators, members of parliament, provincial governments, the Public Service Commission of Canada, the Canadian Forces, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and various federal government departments, as well as organizations throughout the country, and some 42,000 medals were awarded.The medal's design was approved by the Canadian monarch, Elizabeth II. It is in the form of a 36 millimetres (1.4 in) diameter, rhodium plated copper and zinc alloy disc with, on the obverse, the image of the Royal Cypher surmounted by a St. Edward's Crown (symbolising the sovereign as fount of honour) all superimposed on a large single maple leaf and circumscribed with the words CONFEDERATION • CONFÉDÉRATION above and the years 1867 — 1992 below. The medal's reverse shows the shield of the Royal Arms of Canada encircled by the motto ribbon of the Order of Canada and ensigned by the crest of the Canadian arms (a crowned lion holding a maple leaf in the right front paw), all above the country's national motto, A MARI USQUE AD MARE. This medallion is worn at the left chest, suspended on a 31.8mm wide ribbon with blue edging and white between with five vertical red stripes arranged equally, each of those representing 25 year intervals, thus totalling 125 years.

Brian McMahon (rowing)

Brian McMahon (born July 24, 1961) is a Canadian rower, who was the coxswain of the Canadian men's eights team that won the gold medal at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California. The rowing team was inducted into the BC Sports Hall of Fame in 1985, and the Canadian Olympic Hall of Fame in 2003.

Chemical Institute of Canada

The Chemical Institute of Canada is a Canadian professional umbrella organization for chemists (Canadian Society for Chemistry), chemical engineers (Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering) and chemical technologists (Canadian Society for Chemical Technology). As of 2012, CIC and formed an agreement with the Society of Chemical Industry and SCI Canada, whereby SCI Canada became a forum of the CIC.The Chemical Institute of Canada awards fellowships (post-nominal FCIC) and honorary fellowships (post-nominal HFCIC).

Its highest award is the Chemical Institute of Canada Medal, awarded annually since 1951.

Chemical Institute of Canada Medal

The Chemical Institute of Canada Medal or CIC Medal is the highest award that this organization confers. Awarded annually since 1951, it is given to "a person who has made an outstanding contribution to the science of chemistry or chemical engineering in Canada". The medal is presented at the annual Canadian Chemistry Conference and Exhibition or Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference, at which the recipient gives a plenary lecture.The award commemorates the isolation of nickel by Frederik Cronstedt in 1751. The medals were originally sponsored by the International Nickel Company and consisted of 8 ounces (227g) of pure palladium. The sponsorship ended in 2006, since when the medals have been made of silver plated nickel.

Edi Rada

Edi Rada (13 September 1922 – 13 July 1997) was an Austrian figure skater. He won the bronze medal at the 1948 Winter Olympics and was the 1949 European Champion. He won a bronze medal at the 1949 World Figure Skating Championships.

Eldridge M. Moores

Eldridge Moores (October 13, 1938 – October 28, 2018) was an American geologist. He specialized in the understanding of ophiolites (fragments of oceanic crust and mantle that have been emplaced onto the continental crust) and the geology of the continental crust of the Western United States and Tethyan belt, the geology of Greece, Cyprus, and Pakistan, and the tectonic development of the Sierra Nevada and the Alpine - Himalayan systems.Moores was Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Geology at the University of California, Davis.In 1996, Moores was President of the Geological Society of America (GSA) and editor of the society's journal Geology from 1981 to 1989. He is the recipient of the GSA's Distinguished Service Award and the Geological Association of Canada Medal.Together with geologist Robert J. Twiss, Moores co-authored two textbooks: Tectonics and Structural GeologyMoores is the main subject of the John McPhee book on California geology, Assembling California (1993), as well as McPhee's Annals of the Former World (1998).In 2013, Eldridge Moores was awarded the title of UC Davis distinguished professor emeritus. This title is awarded annually by the UC Davis Emeriti Association on the basis of outstanding contributions following retirement in the traditional areas of teaching, research and service.

Elena Romanovskaya

Elena Kostantinovna Romanovskaya (Russian: Елена Константиновна Романовская; born 3 December 1984) is a Russian former competitive ice dancer. With partner Alexander Grachev, she won the 2004 World Junior title.

Gustave Lanctot

Gustave Lanctot, , also spelled Gustave Lanctôt, (5 July 1883 – 2 February 1975) was a Canadian historian and archivist.

Born in Saint-Constant, Quebec, he studied law at Université de Montréal and was called to the Quebec Bar in 1907. A Rhodes Scholar, he studied political science and history from 1909 to 1911 while at Oxford University. He was also a member of the Oxford Canadians ice hockey team. In 1912, he joined the National Archives of Canada. During World War I, he served in the Canadian Expeditionary Force.

After the war, he received a Ph.D. from the Sorbonne and later returned to the National Archives eventually becoming Dominion Archivist from 1937 to 1948. He also taught at the University of Ottawa.

A historian, he wrote many books including L'Administration de la Nouvelle-France (1929), Le Canada d'hier et d'aujourd'hui (1934), Montréal au temps de la Nouvelle-France, 1642-1760 (1942), Trois ans de guerre, 1939-1942 (1943), L'Oeuvre de la France en Amérique du Nord (1951), Histoire du Canada (winner of the 1963 Governor General's Award for French language non-fiction), Le Canada et la Révolution américaine (1965) et Montréal sous Maisonneuve, 1947-1965 (1966). He also was a historical advisor on eight Canadian films produced from 1961 to 1964.

He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1926, was awarded the J. B. Tyrrell Historical Medal, and was its president from 1948 to 1949. On July 6, 1967, he was one of the first people to be made an Officer of the Order of Canada (then called a Service Medal). The citation read "Renowned historian whose "Histoire du Canada" marks the culmination of a life devoted to knowledge of Canada's past". He also was made a Knight of the Légion d'honneur.

Jane Kirby

Jane Kirby was a Canadian figure skater who was the ladies gold medallist in the 1951 Canadian Figure Skating Championships. She and her partner Donald Tobin were bronze medallists in the pairs competition in the 1951 Canadian Figure Skating Championships and North American Figure Skating Championships. She later turned professional and skated with the Ice Capades.

Jim Durrell

James A. Durrell was Mayor of Ottawa from 1985 to 1991. He later served as president of the Ottawa Senators hockey team.

Durrell has extensive governance experience and has served on numerous boards including the Business Development Bank of Canada, chairman of the Ottawa International Airport's Board of Directors, and chairman of the Ottawa Convention Centre. He also sits on the Ottawa Police Services Board. He has worked with numerous charities and organizations including the Ottawa Hospital, the United Way/Centraide Ottawa Campaign Cabinet, the Salvation Army, and the Kiwanis Club. Durrell received the Order of Canada in 2013. His Order of Canada medal caps off a year filled with tributes. In June he was awarded the Ottawa Chamber of Commerce's inaugural Lifetime Achievement Award, and three months later was given the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal. In November, he received the Order of Ottawa.He owns Jim Durrell Capital Dodge. Durrell, an insurance executive, was elected to Ottawa City Council in 1980. When long serving mayor Marion Dewar retired Durrell defeated Marlene Catterall running on a right-of-centre platform.

During his time as mayor Durrell was most closely involved in professional sports. He worked to obtain tax grants for the Ottawa Rough Riders football team, encouraged a Triple A baseball team to locate in Ottawa, and most notably he won an NHL franchise for the city. Early in his term, he secured the 1988 Grey Cup for Ottawa, and was involved in Ottawa's bid for the 1994 Commonwealth Games, which were later granted to Victoria, British Columbia.

In December 1990, Durrell was named president of the new Ottawa Senators team, maintaining this job and his position as mayor. However, he resigned as mayor in January 1991 due to the demands of his Senators job. He served in this role for a number of years, before being forced to leave due to the deep financial troubles of the team. He bought a car dealership called Capital Dodge Chrysler Jeep and serves on a number of boards including being Chairman of the Ottawa International Airport and Chairman of the Ottawa Congress Centre.

In December 2012, he was named as a Member of the Order of Canada. He is the Chair of the Ottawa Hydro Board. In early 2014 Durrell successfully fought skin cancer.

Kevin Light

Kevin Richard Light (born May 16, 1979) is a Canadian rower.

Kyle Hamilton

Kyle Hamilton (born February 26, 1978) is a Canadian rower from Richmond, British Columbia. He won the gold medal at the 2002, 2003 and 2007 world championships for Canada's men's eight team in Milan, Italy and Seville, Spain and Munich.He won a gold medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics in the men's eights with Andrew Byrnes, Malcolm Howard, Adam Kreek, Kevin Light, Ben Rutledge, Dominic Seiterle, Jake Wetzel and cox Brian Price.Kyle now works as a litigation lawyer with Cook Roberts LLP in Victoria, British Columbia.

North West Canada Medal

The Northwest Canada Medal is a British campaign medal issued to the soldiers, volunteers, and North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) personnel who participated in putting down the North-West Rebellion in 1885.

Phil Gold

Phil Gold (born September 17, 1936) is a Canadian physician, scientist, and professor.

Born in Montreal, Quebec, he received a B.Sc. degree in 1957, a M.Sc. degree in 1961, a M.D. degree in 1961, and a Ph.D. in 1965 from McGill University. He obtained his Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada fellowship certification in Internal Medicine in November 1966.

In 1965, he co-discovered with Samuel O. Freedman the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), which resulted in a blood test used in the diagnosis and management of people with cancer.

He is the Douglas G. Cameron Professor of Medicine, and Professor of Physiology and Oncology, at McGill University. He was Chairman of the Department of Medicine at McGill and Physician-in-Chief at the Montreal General Hospital.

In 1978, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and promoted to Companion in 1985. In 1989, he was made an Officer of the National Order of Quebec and promoted to Grand Officer in 2019. In 1977, he was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. In 1978, he was awarded the Gairdner Foundation International Award, awarded to three to six people for outstanding discoveries or contributions to medical science. He was awarded the Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal and the 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal. On April 13, 2010, he was inducted into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame.

Ric Nordman

Rurik (Ric) Nordman (October 18, 1919 in Cypress River, Manitoba – July 29, 1996 in Winnipeg, Manitoba) was a businessman and politician in Manitoba, Canada.Nordman served on Winnipeg City Council, representing the St. Charles Ward from 1974 until 1981.In the provincial election of 1981 Nordman defeated NDP candidate Max Melnyk by over 1,000 votes to be elected a member of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba, representing the riding of Assiniboia for the Progressive Conservative Party. In the 1986 election, he faced Melnyk again and won by a greater margin. He was narrowly defeated by Liberal Ed Mandrake in the provincial election of 1988, ironically as the Progressive Conservatives won a minority government. He did not seek a return to politics before his death in 1996.Nordman was generally respected by members on all sides of the house.Nordman served in the Canadian Army from 1940 to 1945, reaching the rank of Captain.

Nordman worked as a restaurateur following the war, and eventually operated a number of successful businesses in Manitoba and California. Ric served two different terms as President of Kirkfield Park Community Club in the mid 1960s as well as being one of the founders of the St. James Canadians Jr. Hockey Club. He was also a founding member of Messiah Lutheran Church in Westwood, and a board member of the Rainbow Stage Theatre.

In 1992, Nordman was awarded the 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal by Premier Gary Filmon in recognition of his service to the community.

Ric Nordman died in Winnipeg at the age of 77 and was survived by his wife, Kathleen (Kae) Nordman, and their two sons Grant and Greg.Ric's oldest son, Grant Nordman, was elected as the City Councillor for St. Charles Ward on October 25, 2006, 32 years after his father was first elected to that office. In 2011, his son Greg ran for city council in St. Vital Ward.

Stanick Jeannette

Stanick Jeannette (born 6 March 1977) is a French former competitive figure skater. He is a two-time (2001, 2003) European bronze medalist, the 2000 Trophée Lalique silver medalist, and a two-time (2000, 2001) French national champion.

Thomas McMillan (Canadian politician)

Thomas Michael "Tom" McMillan, (born October 15, 1945) is a Canadian political scientist and former politician, Canada's second-longest-serving Minister of the Environment (tied with John Roberts in the Pierre Trudeau government). He is a graduate of St. Dunstan's University (now part of UPEI) and Queen's University (master's in political studies) and has a doctorate in humane letters, honoris causa, from Bridgewater State University.

Born in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, McMillan was first elected to the House of Commons of Canada in the 1979 general election as the Progressive Conservative Member of Parliament for Hillsborough, Prince Edward Island. He was re-elected in the 1980 and 1984 elections. He served as Deputy House Leader from 1983 to 1984 under Leader of the Opposition Brian Mulroney.

Following the Tory landslide in the 1984 general election, Mulroney appointed McMillan to Cabinet as Minister of State for tourism. A year later McMillan was named Minister of the Environment, replacing the controversial Suzanne Blais-Grenier.

As Environment Minister, McMillan spearheaded the Mulroney government's creation of five new national parks (Ellesmere Island, Pacific Rim, Bruce Peninsula, Gwaii Haanas, and Grasslands); ushered through Parliament the first comprehensive Canadian federal environmental law in almost two decades (the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, aka CEPA); overhauled the Canadian National Parks Act, the first time in half a century; launched a major national program to combat acid rain from all sources (both industry and transportation); slashed allowable motor-vehicle nitrogen oxide exhaust emission levels in Canada; outlawed lead in motor vehicle gasoline; assembled, and then chaired, in 1987, the world conference that produced the milestone Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, described by then-United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan as "perhaps the single most successful international agreement to date." He also hosted the landmark 1988 World Climate Change Conference, in Toronto. In the spring of 1988, McMillan was Graves Lecturer and Hoyt Fellow at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut

For McMillan's national and global environmental leadership, he was named by Outdoor Canada magazine, in 1990, one of three people who, in the previous decade, "did the most to protect Canada's natural environment;" the U.S. Sierra Club bestowed on him, in 1988, its prestigious Edgar Wayburn Award; he received, also in 1988, the Canadian Governor General's Conservation Award; and, in 1992, he was awarded the Governor General's Canada Medal for "distinguished service to Canada." In the autumn of 1990, McMillan was Distinguished Lecturer, Distinguished Lecturer Series, International Institute for Protected Areas Management, at the Universities of both Alberta and Calgary. In June 2019, at its annual Gala Awards Dinner, Corporate Knights ("The Company for Clean Capitalism," which represents Fortune 500-type companies committed to sustainable development) bestowed on McMillan its Award of Distinction for his pivotal role in the Montreal Protocol.

After leaving the Environment portfolio, he remained active in international, national, and local issues alike, including built heritage preservation. When in 1981 an historic bank building in his riding was demolished, there was an outcry from concerned citizens, among them McMillan. He summed up the loss of this historic structure, "The actions of the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce in Charlottetown have been decidedly more imperial than Canadian." He became increasingly active in such preservation causes in Prince Edward Island. These included the restoration of a unique pre-Confederation brick powder magazine—located in Brighton Compound in Charlottetown—the demolition of which the Canadian Army had begun until McMillan led a public campaign to stop it.

McMillan remained Environment minister until he was defeated in the 1988 general election due to opposition to the Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement among his constituents. In August 1989, McMillan was appointed Canada's consul-general to Boston.

The first person ever appointed from Atlantic Canada as Canadian Consul General to New England, at Boston, McMillan was awarded an honorary Doctorate by Bridgewater State University in 1993 for—in the words of its president, Dr. Adrian Tinsley -- "significant accomplishment on behalf of Canada in support of strong, enduring Canadian-American cooperation and ties." He maintained his involvement in politics, and attempted unsuccessfully to regain his seat in the 1993 general election. At the urging of the new Progressive Conservative Party leader, Jean Charest, a close friend and former Mulroney government Cabinet colleague, McMillan reluctantly attempted another comeback, this time in the 1997 general election, in the riding of Peterborough, Ontario. But he was defeated by Liberal candidate Peter Adams and (very narrowly) by the Reform Party's Nancy Branscombe.Prior to entering electoral politics, in the late 1970s, McMillan was, successively, Policy Secretary to Rt. Hon. Robert L. Stanfield, Leader of the Official Opposition in the Canadian House of Commons; an executive officer of the Ontario Human Rights Commission; and Senior Research Associate of the national Commission on Canadian Studies, established by the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC). Among his many publications is, with other authors, Tom Symons: A Canadian Life (Ottawa University Press: 2011),the professional biography of Trent University's founding president, edited by historian Dr.Ralph Heintzman. Among private sector and community services, McMillan has been chairman of the Book and Periodical Development Council of Canada and headed the Canadian Chamber of Commerce Task Force on the Environment and Economy.

McMillan wrote a bestselling book, part memoir and part political analysis, entitled Not My Party: The Rise and Fall of Canadian Tories from Robert Stanfield to Stephen Harper, published by Nimbus Publishing in 2016.McMillan has three daughters, resides in Boston, as a permanent resident of the United States, but retains his Canadian citizenship and continues to be active in Canadian and American issues as a university lecturer, writer, and consultant.

William Arthur Cochrane

William Arthur Cochrane, (March 18, 1926 - October 6, 2017)) is a Canadian physician, pediatrician, academic, and medical executive.

Born in Toronto, Ontario, he received his Doctor of Medicine from the University of Toronto in 1949. Cochrane did his postgraduate training in Pediatric Research at the Hospital for Sick Children, the Cincinnati Children's Research Foundation and Great Ormond Street Hospital. From 1958 to 1967, he was a Professor of Pediatrics at Dalhousie University. From 1967 to 1973, he was the dean of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Calgary. From 1973 to 1974, he was the Alberta Deputy Minister of Health. From 1974 to 1978, he was the president of the University of Calgary. From 1978 to 1989, he was the chairman, president and chief executive officer of Connaught Laboratories Limited.

In 1989, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. In 1977, he was awarded the Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal and in 1992, he was awarded the 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal. In 2006, he was made a member of the Alberta Order of Excellence. In 2009, he was inducted into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame.

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