The Campeonato Brasileiro Série A (Brazilian Portuguese: [kãmpjoˈnatu braziˈlejɾu ˈsɛɾii ˈa]; English: Brazilian Championship A Series), commonly referred as Brasileirão (Brazilian Portuguese: [brazilejˈɾãw]), is a Brazilian professional league for men's football clubs. At the top of the Brazilian football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. Contested by 20 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the Campeonato Brasileiro Série B.
Due to historical peculiarities and the large geographical size of the country, Brazil has a relatively short history of nationwide football competitions. Only in 1959, with the advancements in civil aviation and air transport and the need to appoint a Brazilian representative to the first edition of the Copa Libertadores was a nationwide tournament created, Taça Brasil. In 1967, the Torneio Rio-São Paulo was expanded to include teams from other states, becoming the Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa, which was also considered a national tournament. The first Campeonato Brasileiro with that name was held in 1989. Prior to this, only the seasons post-1971 were regarded as Campeonato Brasileiro. In 2010, the national tournaments from 1959 and 1970 – Taça Brasil and Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa – were unified by the Brazilian Football Confederation in the Brazilian championship history.
The Campeonato Brasileiro is one of the strongest leagues in the world; it contains the most club world champions titles, with 10 championships won among six clubs, and the second-most Copa Libertadores titles, with 17 titles won among 10 clubs. The International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS) ranked the league fourth in strength for the 2001–12 period after the Premier League (England), La Liga (Spain), and Serie A (Italy). The Campeonato Brasileiro is the most-watched football league in the Americas and one of the world's most exposed, broadcast in 155 nations. It is also one of the world's richest championships, ranked as the sixth most valuable with a worth of over US$1.43 billion, generating an annual turnover of over US$1.17 billion in 2012.
Since 1959, a total of 156 clubs have played in the Campeonato Brasileiro. Seventeen clubs have been crowned Brazilian football champions, twelve of which have won the title more than once. Palmeiras is the most successful club of the Campeonato Brasileiro, having won the competition ten times including the most recent edition (2018), followed by Santos with eight titles, Corinthians with seven titles and São Paulo with six titles. Santos' Os Santásticos won five consecutive titles between 1961 and 1965, a feat that remains unequaled. The State of São Paulo is the most successful state, amassing 31 titles among five
The Taça Brasil was introduced in 1959, and ran until 1968. The Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa was competed for between 1967 and 1970. In 2010 the CBF announced that these were to be regarded as Brazilian championships.
In 1968, the delay in closing the 1968 Taça Brasil made CBD use the Robertão to determine the Libertadores representants. With the extinction of the Taça Brasil, the Robertão, officially named by CBD as "Taça de Prata" (Silver Cup) remained the top Brazilian championship the following two years.
Following Brazil's third world title at the 1970 FIFA World Cup, president Emílio Médici decided to better organize Brazilian football. In a reunion with the CBD and the club presidents in October 1970, it was decided to create the following year a Brazilian championship contested by twenty teams, inspired by the national tournaments in the European nations. The first edition of the named "Campeonato Nacional" ("National Championship"), was held in 1971. The top division was named "Divisão Extra" (Extra Division), while a newly created second division earned the "Primeira Divisão" (First Division) name.
In 1987, the CBF announced it was not able to organize the Brazilian football championship, a mere few weeks before it was scheduled to begin. As a result, the thirteen most popular football clubs in Brazil created a league, The Clube dos 13, to organize a championship of their own. This tournament was called Copa União and was run by the 16 clubs that eventually took part in it (Santa Cruz, Coritiba and Goiás were invited to join). The CBF initially stood by the Club of the 13 decision. However, weeks later, with the competition already underway, and under pressure from football clubs excluded from the Copa União, the CBF adopted a new set of rules, which considered the Copa União part of a larger tournament, comprising another 16 teams. According to that new set of rules, the Copa União would be dubbed the Green Module of the CBF championship, whereas the other 16 teams would play the Yellow Module. In the end, the first two teams of each Module would play each other to define the national champions and the two teams that would represent Brazil in the Copa Libertadores in 1988. However, that new set of rules was never recognized by the Club of the 13 and largely ignored by most of the Brazilian media, who concentrated their attention in the independent league, eventually won by Clube de Regatas do Flamengo. The eventual final which was set to be Sport Club of Recife vs Flamengo never materialized, with Flamengo refusing to partake in the final. As a result, Sport won the Championship for 1987 and went on to represent Brazil in the Copa Libertadores in 1988. Although Flamengo has attempted to gain ownership of the championship multiple times through the justice system, Sport remains recognized by both CBF and FIFA as 1987 Champions.
In 2010, CBF decided to recognize the champions of both Taça Brasil (1959-1968) and Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa (1967-1970) as Brazilian Champions, creating some controversy as there was a two-year period when both tournaments were held, thus Palmeiras was awarded two times for winning both in 1967 and both Santos and Botafogo were recognized as champions in 1968 as each tournament was won by one of them.
|Campeonato Brasileiro Série A|
|Founded||August 23, 1959 (as Taça Brasil)|
1970 (as Campeonato Brasileiro)
|Number of teams||20 (since 2006)|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Série B|
|Domestic cup(s)||Copa do Brasil|
|International cup(s)||Copa Libertadores|
|Current champions||Palmeiras (10th title) |
(10 titles )
|Top goalscorer||Roberto Dinamite (190)|
|TV partners||List of broadcasters|
|2019 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A|
There are 20 clubs in the Brasileirão. During the course of a season (from May to December) each club plays the others twice (a double round-robin system), once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 38 games. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, victories, goal difference, and goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned champion. If points are equal between two or more clubs, the rules are:
A system of promotion and relegation exists between the Brasileirão and the Série B. The four lowest placed teams in the Brasileirão are relegated to Série B, and the top four teams from the Série B promoted to the Brasileirão.
Since 2016 edition, the top six clubs in Brasileirão qualify for the next year Copa Libertadores. The top four clubs directly enter the group stage. The fifth and sixth-placed clubs enters Libertadores at the second round and must win 2 knockout stages to enter the group stage.
Brazilian clubs can also qualify for the next Copa Libertadores group phase by winning Copa do Brasil or a continental competition (Copa Sudamericana or Copa Libertadores itself). If Copa do Brasil winners finishes Brasileirão in the top six, or a Brazilian club wins Sudamericana and finishes Brasileirão in the top six, or a Brazilian club wins Libertadores and finishes Brasileirão in the top six, the remaining Libertadores spots go to the next-best placed finishers in Brasileirão. So it is possible for the seventh, eighth and even the ninth-placed club to qualify for Copa Libertadores first round.
Also since 2016 edition, clubs from seventh to twelfth place in Brasileirão qualify for the next year Copa Sudamericana. But, as explained above, depending on Copa do Brasil, Copa Libertadores and Copa Sudamericana results, it is possible for the thirteenth, fourteenth and even the fifteenth-placed club to qualify for Copa Sudamericana. Therefore, Brasileirão may qualify at least twelve and up to a very exceeding fifteen clubs for continental competitions in a single season.
Seventeen clubs are officially recognized to have been the Brazilian football champions.
|Club||Won||Runner-up||Years won||Years Runner-up|
|Palmeiras||10||4||1960*, 1967*, 1967^, 1969^, 1972, 1973, 1993, 1994, 2016, 2018||1970^, 1978, 1997, 2017|
|Santos||8||7||1961*, 1962*, 1963*, 1964*, 1965*, 1968^, 2002, 2004||1959*, 1966*, 1983, 1995, 2003, 2007, 2016|
|Corinthians||7||3||1990, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2011, 2015, 2017||1976, 1994, 2002|
|São Paulo||6||6||1977, 1986, 1991, 2006, 2007, 2008||1971, 1973, 1981, 1989, 1990, 2014|
|Flamengo||6||2||1980, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1992, 2009||1964*, 2018|
|Cruzeiro||4||5||1966*, 2003, 2013, 2014||1969^, 1974, 1975, 1998, 2010|
|Vasco||4||4||1974, 1989, 1997, 2000||1965*, 1979, 1984, 2011|
|Fluminense||4||0||1970^, 1984, 2010, 2012||—|
|Internacional||3||6||1975, 1976, 1979||1967^, 1968^, 1988, 2005, 2006, 2009|
|Botafogo||2||3||1968*, 1995||1962*, 1972, 1992|
|Grêmio||2||3||1981, 1996||1982, 2008, 2013|
|Bahia||2||2||1959*, 1988||1961*, 1963*|
|Atlético Mineiro||1||5||1971||1977, 1980, 1999, 2012, 2015|
|São Caetano||0||2||—||2000, 2001|
The Campeonato Brasileiro had its official name changed often before settling on Campeonato Brasileiro in 1989.
|Identity||English name||Years||Official Sponsor|
|Taça Brasil||Brazil Cup||None|
|Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa||Roberto Gomes Pedrosa Tournament|
|Campeonato Nacional||National Championship|
|Copa Brasil||Brazil Cup|
|Taça de Ouro||Golden Cup|
|"Copa União"||Union Cup*|
|Copa João Havelange||João Havelange Cup|
|Campeonato Brasileiro||Brazilian Championship||
2001: LATAM (Brasileirão TAM)
The Brasileirão had total club revenues of US $1.17 billion in 2012. This makes the Brasileirão the highest revenue football league in the Americas, and the highest outside of Europe's "big five."
The Brasileirão is also one of the world's most valuable football leagues, having a marketing value and worth over US $1.24 billion in 2013. The total worth of every club in the 2013 Brasileirão is US $1.07 billion.
The following 20 clubs are competing in the Série A during the 2019 season.
|First season in
|Last top |
|Avaí||3rd in Série B||1974||0||N/A|
|CSA||2nd in Série B||1959||0||N/A|
|Fortaleza||1st in Série B||1959||0||N/A|
|Goiás||4th in Série B||1973||0||N/A|
|São Pauloa, b||5th||1967||6||2008|
|Vasco da Gama||16th||1960||4||2000|
a: Unrelegated clubs
b: Clubs that never played outside the top division
The All-time Campeonato Brasileiro table is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in the Brazilian League since its inception in 1959. The table is accurate as of the end of the 2018 season. Teams in bold are part of the 2019 season.
|11||Vasco da Gama||1930||1333||509||403||421||1850||1611||+239|
Currently, the money of television represent a significant share in the finances of clubs in Brazil. The league broadcasting rights are total exclusivity of Grupo Globo, which distributes the live matches for its television stations: Rede Globo (terrestrial an satellite), SporTV (pay), and the Premiere FC (through the system pay-per-view), where subscribers have the privilege to follow all 380 annual league matches. Globo, first cited, displays the League first time in 1987, when was created the Clube dos 13, trading tool of clubs with the television. The first television contract was negotiated in 1987, with only conveying the Green Module of the Copa União, organized by the Clube dos 13, the television rights were sold for $3.4 million to Rede Globo. And only with the conveying of the championship final, SBT broadcast the game instead, a blow to the Rede Globo, who says today that the Green Module would be the league itself, and then was prevented from entering the Ilha do Retiro. In 1990, only Rede Bandeirantes acquired the broadcast rights. This edition marked the first national title of Corinthians, second most popular team in the country. Both the final transmission, as the other games, attracted the attention of the public, causing the network to acquired an Ibope Rating of 53 points in the deciding game. This led to the Rede Globo prioritize the League from the next edition, in 1991.
In 1997, began to be restricted games live in cities where the matches are held (except finals). The Clube dos 13 closed the contract with Rede Globo's television rights as the holder of the Brasileirão for $50 million (including editions of 1998 and 1999), and resolves itself split the rights with Rede Bandeirantes during this period. It was the first edition to be shown on pay-per-view (via Premiere). In addition, the first games shown on pay television were courtesy of SporTV, after a controversial signing contract of Clube dos 13 with Globosat. Previously, in 1993, the Club of the 13 an CBF had signed a contract with TVA, a company in which ESPN Brazil was part. However, that decision was declined.
In 2000, the broadcasting rights of the Copa João Havelange, organized by the Clube dos 13, were sold to Rede Globo for $50 million. However, the final of this competition in 2001, was marked by an unusual situation. Vasco da Gama, a finalist against São Caetano, graced the logo of SBT, the second largest television station of Brazil, a direct rival to Globo. This situation was somewhat embarrassing for Globo, which transmitted the final exclusively, and which was seen by an estimated audience of 60 million people. Despite the large number of spectators in the final match, this edition was marked by low ratings, what did the Rede Globo to cancel the broadcast of a few matches.
In 2001, Clube dos 13 defines four divisions of transmission quota, with Corinthians, São Paulo, Palmeiras, Flamengo and Vasco in group 1, Santos in group 2, Fluminense, Botafogo, Atlético Mineiro, Cruzeiro, Internacional and Grêmio in group 3, and Bahia, Goiás, Sport Recife, Portuguesa, Coritiba, Atlético Paranaense, and Vitória in group 4. In 2003, the value was expanded by a considerable amount, for the first time surpassing the three digits, after the adoption of the new format of accrued points. The contract of $130 million per year was signed again by TV Globo. In 2005, C13 renews with Globo for the 2006–09 period in a deal worth $300 million.
In 2009, for the first time, the sale of broadcasting rights of the Brazilian Championship were made via open bidding. Media organisations were invited to bid for TV packages open, closed, PPV, internet and broadcast abroad. Rede Globo subsequently won the largest TV contract in the history of Brazilian football ;$1.4 billion for 2009–2011.
In 2012, the final league rights amounts are uncertain. However, I t is known that the clubs were divided into four groups: Group 1: Flamengo and Corinthians receiving 84 to 120 million reals; Group 2: São Paulo, Palmeiras, Santos and Vasco receiving 70 to 80 million reais; Group 3: Gremio, Cruzeiro, Atlético Mineiro, Fluminense and Botafogo (45 to 55 million reais); Group 4: other first division clubs (18 to 30 million reais).
In 2016, Bandeirantes ended the partnership with Globo and ceased showing league matches, leaving Globo with exclusive rights. However, the channel of Turner Group, Esporte Interativo made a deal with Atlético-PR, Bahia, Ceará, Coritiba, Internacional, Joinville, Paysandu, Sampaio Corrêa, Santos, Criciúma, Fortaleza, Paraná, Ponte Preta and Santa Cruz for the broadcasting rights on cable television between 2019 and 2024, opposing Globo's SporTV channel. A decision on whether Palmeiras will be joining these teams is awaited.
Flamengo and Corinthians, the two most supported teams in Brazil, receive approximately 25% (1/4) of all revenue from television. Flamengo has the biggest budget, (R$115.1 million), and Figueirense the smallest (R$18.5 million).
The audience of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A is low if put into consideration the popularity of football in the country. Since the first data record, in 1967, each year the average attendance has fluctuated, more down than up, having the season of 1983 as the largest, averaging 22,953, and 2004 as the smallest, with a very low average of 7,556. The league is the second largest in attendance in South America, behind Argentina, with 18,817.
In a most obtrusive comparison, with other leagues of football, the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A figure only in fourteenth position, being overcome by the lower divisions in England and Germany. The smallest attendance ever was a game between Juventude and Portuguesa in 1997 with 55 fans, the largest was Flamengo and Santos in 1983 with 155,523.
The spectator figures for league for the last nine seasons:
|Season||Overall||Average||Best supported club||Average||Highest attendance|
|2009||6,764,380||17,801||Flamengo||41,553||78,639 (Flamengo 2-1 Grêmio)|
|2010||5,638,806||14,839||Corinthians||27,446||76,205 (Vasco da Gama 2–2 Fluminense)|
|2011||5,572,673||14,664||29,328||63,871 (São Paulo 1-2 Flamengo)|
|2012||4,928,827||13,148||25,222||62,207 (São Paulo 2-1 Náutico)|
|2013||5,681,551||14,951||Cruzeiro||28,911||63,501 (Santos 0-0 Flamengo)|
|2014||6,208,190||16,337||29,678||58,627 (São Paulo 2−0 Cruzeiro)|
|2015||6,376,693||17,050||Corinthians||34,150||67,011 (Flamengo 0−2 Coritiba)|
|2016||5,975,926||15,809||Palmeiras||32,684||54,996 (São Paulo 2−2 Chapecoense)|
|2017||6,238,797||16,418||Corinthians||40,043||50,116 (Grêmio 0−1 Corinthians)|
Prêmio Craque do Brasileirão is the league's official award. Placar magazine's Bola de Ouro is the oldest award, while the Troféu Osmar Santos and the Troféu João Saldanha are awards given by the newspaper Lance!.
The 1990 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A was the 34th edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A.1991 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 1991 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A was the 35th edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A. The competition was won by São Paulo. Santos Futebol Clube's Paulinho McLaren, with 15 goals, was the competition's top goal scorer.1992 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 1992 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A was the 36th edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A. The competition was won by Flamengo.1993 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 1993 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A was the 37th edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A.1994 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 1994 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A was the 38th edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A.1995 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 1995 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A was the 39th edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A.1996 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 1996 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A was the 40th edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, was played between August 8 and December 15, 1996. It had 24 teams and divided into two stages. In the first one, every team played against each other once. After 23 rounds, top eight clubs qualified to next stage, and the bottom two were supposed to be relegated, but CBF decided to keep Fluminense and Bragantino in Série A after the season was over. Final stage was played in elimination system with home-and-away matches. The club with better record during first stage had the advantage to qualify in case of a draw. In the end, Grêmio won their second championship in history based on this rule. They were defeated by runners-up Portuguesa 2-0 at Morumbi Stadium, but came back on second leg, winning by the same score at their home ground, Olímpico Stadium in Porto Alegre.1997 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 1997 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A was the 41st edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A.
It was competed for by 26 teams, and Vasco da Gama won the title.1998 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 1998 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A was the 42nd edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A.1999 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 1999 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A was the 43rd edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A.2001 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 2001 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, known as Brasileirão TAM 2001 by sponsor reasons was the 45th edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A. It Began on August 1, 2001, and reached its end on December 23, 2001. The competition was won by Atlético Paranaense.2002 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 2002 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, known as Troféu Visa Electron by sponsor reasons, was the 46th edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A. It Began on August 10, 2002, and reached its end on December 15, 2002. It was the last championship with a knockout stage. The competition was won by Santos.2003 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 2003 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A was the 47th edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A. The first edition with only a double round-robin and no playoffs, it began on March 29, 2003, and reached its end on December 14. The competition was won by Cruzeiro Esporte Clube, who completed a treble.2005 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 2005 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A (officially the Taça Nestlé Brasileirão 2005 for sponsorship reasons) was the 49th edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A. Corinthians claiming their fourth national title. The season officially kicked off on April 23, 2005 and concluded on December 4.2006 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 2006 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A was the 50th edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A. It Began on April 15, 2006, and reached its end on December 3, 2006.2007 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 2007 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A was the 51st edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A. It Began on May 12, 2007, and ended on December 2, 2007.2008 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 2008 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A was the 52nd edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A. It began on May 8 and ended on December 7. For the first time, one club has won the championship three times in a row. Also, São Paulo has been crowned the biggest winner in the history of the competition, winning it six times since its establishment in 1971.2010 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 2010 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A was the 54th edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the top-level of professional football in Brazil. It began on May 8 and ended on December 5. Flamengo came as the defending champion having won the 2009 season.2019 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
The 2019 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A will be the 63rd season of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the top level of professional football in Brazil, and the 16th edition in a double round-robin since its establishment in 2003. The competition will start on 27 April and will end on 8 December 2019.The top six teams as well as the 2019 Copa do Brasil champions will qualify to the Copa Libertadores. The next six best-placed teams not qualified for Copa Libertadores will qualify for the Copa Sudamericana and the last four will be relegated to Série B in 2020. Palmeiras are the defending champions.Prêmio Craque do Brasileirão
The Prêmio Craque do Brasileirão (English: Brasileirão Best Player Award) is an award given by the Brazilian Football Confederation (known as CBF) and Rede Globo for the best players, head coaches, and referees of the Série A.
Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
|Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa|