Campamento (Chile)

Campamento ("camp" or "tent city") or población callampa ("mushroom town") are terms given in Chile to shanty towns. The term "mushroom town" refers to the speed in which these informal settlements sprung up between the 1960s and the 1980s, literally overnight. Nowadays, the term campamento has replaced "mushroom town".

Campamentoutpch
A campamento in Chile

Definition

Pobreza Chile AB
A campamento in the outskirts of Santiago

According to the NGO Un Techo para Chile ("A roof for Chile"), a campamento is defined as a group of crude dwellings of more than eight families, lacking at least one of the following basic services: drinking water, electricity and wastewater treatment, and which are illegally residing on the land.[1]

Population

As of 2004, there were 531 campamentos in Chile. A total of 27,785 houses were home to 32,371 families in these shanty towns. It was estimated that 75% of that population was living below the national poverty line and 41% living under extreme poverty.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b El Mercado Laboral en Campamentos Archived 2012-03-11 at the Wayback Machine, CIS, Un Techo Para Chile. Department of Economy, University of Chile. December 2004.
Campamento

Campamento may refer to:

Campamento, Honduras

Campamento, Uruguay

Campamento, Antioquia, in Colombia

Campamento (Chile), a term given in Chile to shanty towns

Campamento (barrio), a barrio in San Roque, Cádiz, Spain

List of slums

This is a list of slums. A slum as defined by the United Nations agency UN-Habitat, is a run-down area of a city characterized by substandard housing, squalor, and lacking in tenure security. According to the United Nations, the percentage of urban dwellers living in slums decreased from 47 percent to 37 percent in the developing world between 1990 and 2005. However, due to rising population, and the rise especially in urban populations, the number of slum dwellers is rising. One billion people worldwide live in slums and the figure is projected to grow to 2 billion by 2030.

Pueblos jóvenes

Pueblos jóvenes (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpweβlos ˈxoβenes] (listen), "young towns") is the nickname given to the vast shanty towns that surround Lima and other cities of Peru. Many of these towns have developed into significant districts in Lima such as Villa El Salvador and Comas.

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