Camp Nou

Camp Nou (Catalan pronunciation: [ˌkamˈnɔw], meaning new field, often referred to in English as the Nou Camp)[3][4] is the home stadium of FC Barcelona since its completion in 1957.

With a seating capacity of 99,354,[5] it is the largest stadium in Spain and Europe, and the third largest football stadium in the world in capacity. It has hosted two European Cup/Champions League finals in 1989 and 1999, two UEFA Cup Winners' Cup finals, four Inter-Cities Fairs Cup final games, five UEFA Super Cup final games, four Copa del Rey finals, two Copa de la Liga final games, twenty-one Supercopa de España final games, five matches including the opening game of the 1982 FIFA World Cup, two out of four matches at the 1964 European Nations' Cup and the football competition final at the 1992 Summer Olympics.

Camp Nou
2014. Camp Nou. Més que un club. Barcelona B40
Full nameCamp Nou
LocationBarcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Coordinates41°22′51″N 2°07′22″E / 41.38087°N 2.122802°E
Public transitBarcelona Metro Logo.svg L3 barcelona.svg at Palau Reial or Les Corts
Barcelona Metro Logo.svg L5 barcelona.svg L9 barcelona.svg at Collblanc
OwnerFC Barcelona
Executive suites23[1]
Capacity99,354
Record attendance120,000 (FC Barcelona vs Juventus, first leg of the 1985–86 European Cup quarter–finals)
Field size105 m × 68 m (115 yd × 74 yd)[2]
SurfaceGrassMaster hybrid grass
ScoreboardSony
Construction
Built1954–1957
Opened24 September 1957[2]
Renovated1995, 2008, 2018-today
Expanded1982 2018-today
Construction cost1.73 million
ArchitectDimash
Tenants
FC Barcelona (1957–present)
Catalonia national football team (1976–present)

History

Camp Nou aerial (cropped)
Aerial view of the stadium
Camp Nou més que un club
One of the stands displaying Barcelona's motto, Més que un club, meaning "More than a club"
Campnou colors
A view of the supporters' side during a match, showing the FC Barcelona colours
Barcelona 273
Main stand external view of the stadium

Construction

The construction of Camp Nou started on 28 March 1954 as Barcelona's previous stadium, Camp de Les Corts, had no room for expansion. Although originally planned to be called the Estadi del FC Barcelona, the more popular name Camp Nou was used. The June 1950 signing of László Kubala, regarded as one of Barcelona's greatest players, provided further impetus to the construction of a larger stadium.[6][7][8]

The architects were Francesc Mitjans and Josep Soteras, with the collaboration of Lorenzo García-Barbón.[9]

Early years and the 1982 World Cup

In May 1972, Camp Nou hosted its first European Cup Winners' Cup final between Rangers and Dynamo Moscow. Rangers won the match with a score of 3–2. The 1970s marked a turning point for Barcelona with the signing of a new player, Johan Cruyff, in 1973. Electronic scoreboards were installed in the stadium two years later.

The stadium underwent an expansion in 1980, in anticipation of the 1982 FIFA World Cup, which added boxes, VIP lounges, a new press area, new markers and the construction of the third tier, which was smaller in height than the original design by 6 metres (46.60 metres compared to the original design of 52.50 metres). The expansion of the stadium added 22,150 new seats,[10] taking the total seating capacity to 71,731, and the standing capacity was expanded by 16,500 to 49,670, taking the total stadium capacity (seated and standing combined) to 121,401.[11] FC Barcelona's record attendance was set on 5 March 1986 in the European Cup quarter-final against Juventus in front of 120,000 spectators, just 1,401 shy of the stadium's capacity.

Camp Nou was one of several stadiums used throughout the 1982 World Cup, hosting the inauguration ceremony on 13 June. It also hosted more matches in that tournament than any of the 16 other stadiums used all over Spain, including the opening match, where the traditional opening ceremonies took place (including the releasing of a dove). In front of 95,000, Belgium upset the defending champions Argentina 1–0 in that opening match. It then hosted three round-robin matches between the Soviet Union, Poland, and Belgium, which Poland ended up winning and qualifying from to reach the semi-finals, where they played Italy at the Camp Nou, losing 2–0; Italy went on to win the final match, which was played at Real Madrid's Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in Madrid.[12]

Development

The stadium's capacity has varied greatly over the years, opening at 106,146, but growing to 121,401 for the 1982 FIFA World Cup.

Apart from hosting Barcelona, Camp Nou is home to the Catalan team.[13] The stadium is frequently used for other football events. The European Cup final between Milan and Steaua București was held on 24 May 1989, with the Italian club winning 4–0.[14] Camp Nou hosted part of the football competition, including the final, in the 1992 Summer Olympics.[15] In preparation for these matches, two additional tiers of seating were installed over the previous roof-line.[16]

Camp Nou underwent little change after 1982, except for the opening of the club museum in 1984. The stadium underwent a facelift in 1993–94, in which the pitch was lowered by 2.5 metres (8 feet), the security gap that separated the lawn from the galleries was removed, and standing room was eliminated in favor of individual seating. A new press box, renovation of the presidential grandstand and boxes, new parking under the main grandstand, and new lighting and sound systems were completed in time for the 1998–99 season. In 1999, UEFA outlawed standing sections in stadiums, and Camp Nou's capacity settled to its current level.[2] The stadium hosted the 1999 UEFA Champions League Final later that year where Manchester United played Bayern Munich. United won 2–1, coming back from 0–1 down in injury time.[17]

During 1998–99, UEFA rated Camp Nou a five-star stadium for its services and functionalities.[18] However, as per the 2010 regulations, UEFA does not publish a list of the top venues.

In 2000, fans were polled concerning the stadium's name. Of the 29,102 votes the club received, a total of 19,861 (68.25%) preferred Camp Nou to Estadi del FC Barcelona, and thus the official name was changed to the popular nickname.[19]

The facilities now include a memorabilia shop, mini-pitches for training matches, and a chapel for the players. The stadium also houses the second-most visited museum in Catalonia, FC Barcelona Museum, which receives more than 1.2 million visitors per year.[20]

On 1 October 2017, Barcelona's league match against Las Palmas was played in an empty Camp Nou due to political turmoil in the region.[21]

Renovation and expansion

The club issued an international tender to remodel the stadium as a celebration of the stadium's fiftieth anniversary. The objective was to make the facility an integrated and highly visible urban environment. The club schemed to increase the seating capacity by 13,500, with at least half of the total seating to be under cover. The intention was to make it the third-largest stadium in the world (in terms of seating capacity), after the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in the USA (297,000 capacity), and the Rungnado May Day Stadium in North Korea (114,000 capacity).

On 18 September 2007, the British architect Norman Foster and his company were selected to "restructure" Camp Nou. With an estimated cost of €250 million, the plan included the addition of roughly 6,000 seats for a maximum capacity of 105,000.[22] The FC Barcelona board approved the sale of their former training ground (the Mini Estadi) against significant opposition in order to finance the remodeling. The project was planned to begin in 2009 and to be finished for the 2011–12 season.[23] However, due to the 2008 financial crisis, the sale of the training ground was postponed and likewise the remodeling project. In May 2010, Sandro Rosell, then a candidate for president of FC Barcelona, dismissed the possibility of selling the Mini Estadi, saying it would be indefensible to "sell the crown jewels", and his election on 30 June 2010 effectively halted the plan to remodel Camp Nou.[24][25]

In January 2014, Barcelona's board of directors rejected the option of building a new stadium due to financial constraints and instead opted to remodel the Camp Nou to bring the capacity up to 105,000.[26] The project is expected to run from 2017 to early 2021, with a cost of around £495 million (€600 million), making it one of the most expensive expansions on a per-seat basis.[27][28] A refined plan was released on 26 May 2015, showing plans to add a canopy over the stands, and showing the plans for seating expansion in greater detail.[29] Construction started in the summer of 2018, and estimated completion won't be until the start of the 2021-2022 La Liga season.

Other uses

A panoramic photograph of the stadium
A panoramic photograph of the stadium

Camp Nou has been used for various purposes other than football, often hosting major concerts. Pope John Paul II celebrated mass for a congregation of over 121,500 at Camp Nou on 17 November 1982, on the occasion being made an honorary citizen of Barcelona.[30]

In 1983, Julio Iglesias played for 60,000 people, in what was described as a "most beautifully orchestrated" concert.[31] Other high-profile performances at Camp Nou include those by Bruce Springsteen on 3 August 1988 during his Tunnel of Love Express Tour; and again on 19 and 20 July 2008 during his Magic Tour. On 9 August 1988, Michael Jackson appeared at the stadium in front of 95,000 fans during his Bad World Tour.[32] On 10 September 1988, a charity concert organised by Amnesty International to support human rights featured, among others, Bruce Springsteen, Sting, Peter Gabriel, Youssou N'Dour, Tracy Chapman, and El Último de la Fila. A concert by the Three Tenors – Josep Carreras, Plácido Domingo and Luciano Pavarotti – was held on 13 July 1997. On 3 August 1988 Bruce Springsteen appeared in front of 90,000 people on the Tunnel of Love Express Tour. He came back on 3 September 1988 to appear in front of again 90,000 on the Human Rights Now! tour.

U2 360 Tour Camp Nou2
Camp Nou was host when U2 played in Barcelona on their 360° Tour.

U2 performed at the stadium three times: the first one was on 7 August 2005 during their Vertigo Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 81,269 people. The second and the third were on 30 June and 2 July 2009 during their U2 360° Tour, in front of a total crowd of 182,055 people. The encore performance of "I'll Go Crazy If I Don't Go Crazy Tonight" from the second 2009 show was filmed for the music video of the single.

On 4 November 2014, Ligue Nationale de Rugby (LNR), which operates France's professional rugby union leagues, announced that the 2015–16 Top 14 final would be held at the Camp Nou on 24 June 2016.[33] The Top 14 final is traditionally held at the Stade de France in the Paris suburb of Saint-Denis. However, the scheduling of the 2015 Rugby World Cup caused the 2015–16 French season to be shifted by several weeks, in turn causing the Stade de France to be unavailable because it would be a major venue for UEFA Euro 2016.[34] The match ultimately drew a crowd of 99,124, setting a new record for attendance at a domestic rugby match.[35]

Transport connections

Estació Av. Xile Trambaix 03
Avinguda de Xile Station

Tramway

Approximately 680 metres from Camp Nou there is the Trambaix Avinguda de Xile station (lines T1, T2 and T3).

Metro

Barcelona Metro Logo

The stadium is accessible from the Barcelona Metro with the closest stations to Camp Nou are Palau Reial, Maria Cristina and Les Corts, on L3; Badal on L5 and Collblanc on L5 or L9 L9. All are 500 to 1,000 metres from Camp Nou, depending on which of the gates (accesses) to Camp Nou are used. Usually metro services are increased when there is a match with significant passenger congestion nonetheless.

Closest station to each access:

  • Accesses 1–10: Palau Reial.
  • Accesses 11–16: Collblanc.
  • Accesses 17 and 18: Badal.
  • Accesses 19–21: les Corts.

Currently a station for Camp Nou is under construction, on L9 and L10.

Bus

Bus Barcelona

The bus lines with a stop close to Camp Nou are: TMB lines:

  • 7 – Diagonal Mar/Z. Universitària
  • 15 – Hosp. St. Pau/Collblanc
  • 33 – Z. Universitària/Verneda
  • 43 – Les Corts/Sant Adrià
  • 50 – Collblanc / Trinitat Nova
  • 54 – Estació Nord/Campus Nord
  • 59 – Pg. Marítim/R. M. Cristina
  • 63 – Pl. Universitat/Sant Joan Despí
  • 67 – Pl. Catalunya/Cornellà
  • 70 – Sants/Pg. Bonanova
  • 72 – Distr. Gran Via l'Hospitalet/Bonanova
  • 74 – Z. Universitària/Fabra i Puig
  • 75 – Les Corts/Av. Tibidabo
  • 78 – Est. Sants/St. Joan Despí
  • 113 – La Mercè
  • V5 – Pedralbes / Mare de Déu de Port
  • H8 – Camp Nou / La Maquinista
  • D20 – Pg. Marítim / Ernest Lluch

AMB lines:

  • L12 – Barcelona (Pl. Reina Maria Cristina)/Cornellà (Almeda)
Nitbus

Nitbus (approximately 22.30h-5h):

  • N2 – Hospitalet (Av. Carrilet)/Barcelona (Via Augusta)
  • N3 – Collblanc/Montcada i Reixac
  • N12 – Barcelona (Pl. Portal de la Pau)/St. Feliu de Llob. (La Salut)
  • N14 – Barcelona (Rda. Universitat)/Castelldefels (Centre vila)

Usually the lines 15, 43 and 56 service is stepped up, depending on the demand that may occur. Apart from that there are two special lines to Mossèn Jacint Verdaguer Square and to Catalunya Square when there are matches.

Airport

The stadium is a significant 13.7 kilometres (8.5 mi) away from the El Prat International Airport which is a 40-minute drive considering the city's traffic. It is possible to use the L9 from the airport directly to Collblanc, and walk for about 9–12 minutes to the stadium as an alternative route.

1982 FIFA World Cup

The stadium was one of the venues of the 1982 FIFA World Cup, and held the following matches:

Date Team No. 1 Res. Team No. 2 Round
13 June 1982  Argentina 0–1  Belgium Group 3 (first round)
28 June 1982  Poland 3–0  Belgium Group A (second round)
1 July 1982  Belgium 0–1  Soviet Union Group A (second round)
4 July 1982  Soviet Union 0–0  Poland Group A (second round)
8 July 1982  Poland 0–2  Italy Semi-finals

References

  1. ^ [1]. www.fcbarcelona.com. Retrieved on 04 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Information". FC Barcelona. Archived from the original on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
  3. ^ Keith Jackson (22 October 2012). "Nou Camp visit isn't to admire Barca players..it's strictly business, says Celtic winger James Forrest – Daily Record". dailyrecord. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  4. ^ Percy, John (19 December 2012). "Barcelona coach Tito Vilanova steps down from Nou Camp role following relapse of tumour on saliva glands". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  5. ^ [2]. www.fcbarcelona.com. Retrieved on 22 August 2012.
  6. ^ Farred, Grant p. 124
  7. ^ Eaude, Michael p. 104
  8. ^ "Brief history of Camp Nou". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  9. ^ "Camp Nou". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  10. ^ "L'assamblea ha dit sí a l'ampliació de l'estadi" (PDF). Mundo Deportivo. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  11. ^ "Ampliación del estadio Nou Camp/Barcelona". (Instituto de Ciencial de la Construcción (CSIC)). Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  12. ^ "1982 FIFA World Cup Spain". FIFA. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
  13. ^ "No homage to Catalonia from Arsene Wenger as Johan Cruyff picks Cesc Fabregas for Christmas charity friendly". Daily Mail. London. 15 December 2009. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  14. ^ Brewin, John (1 May 2009). "Warnings from history for Manchester United". ESPN. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  15. ^ 1992 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. pp. 211–6.
  16. ^ Snyder,EL Hadii Director of the stadium John. pp. 81–82
  17. ^ "United crowned kings of Europe". BBC. 26 May 1999. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
  18. ^ "A five star stadium". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  19. ^ "A five star stadium". FC Bajsalona. Archived from the original on 10 July 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
  20. ^ "Visites per ordre de nom del museu" (PDF) (in Catalan). Generalitat de Catalunya. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
  21. ^ Fisher, Ben (1 October 2017). "Lionel Messi helps Barcelona extend perfect start at empty Camp Nou". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  22. ^ "Camp Nou". Fosters + Partners. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
  23. ^ Paul Hamilos (24 September 2007). "European football: Foster to give Camp Nou Gaudí-inspired facelift". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
  24. ^ "Rosell vería como una "muy mala noticia" vender los terrenos del Miniestadi" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 20 May 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
  25. ^ "Laporta, un 'elefant' en el palco" (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 15 July 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
  26. ^ "Barcelona announce Nou Camp redevelopment plan". BBC Sport. 20 January 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  27. ^ "The New Camp! Barcelona reveal £495m plan to develop 105,000 capacity stadium with roof". Daily Mail. London. 20 January 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  28. ^ "A new stadium built on the same structure". FC Barcelona Official Site. 20 January 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  29. ^ "Barcelona reveals plans for Camp Nou, release... – – FOX Soccer Blog – FOX Soccer on MSN – FOX Sports on MSN". Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  30. ^ Kelly, Cathal (8 April 2005). "Pope's team? Myths never had a prayer". Toronto Star. Pqasb.pqarchiver.com. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  31. ^ García, Elizabeth p. 49
  32. ^ "Camp Nou Experience (FC Barcelona) – Trekiz". Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  33. ^ "La Finale 2016 du TOP 14 au Camp Nou, à Barcelone !" (Press release) (in French). Ligue nationale de rugby. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  34. ^ "Barcelona confirmed as host of 2016 Top 14 final". ESPN Scrum. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  35. ^ Bergogne, Romain (24 June 2016). "En battant Toulon, le Racing 92 est sacré champion de France". L'Équipe (in French). Retrieved 25 June 2016.

Bibliography

  • Ball, Phill (2003). Morbo: The Story of Spanish Football. WSC Books Limited. ISBN 0-9540134-6-8.
  • Eaude, Michael (2008). Catalonia: a cultural history. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-532797-7.
  • Farred, Grant (2008). Long distance love: a passion for football. Temple University Press. ISBN 1-59213-374-6.
  • Murray, Bill; Murray, William J. (1998). The world's game: a history of soccer. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-06718-5.
  • Snyder, John (2001). Soccer's most wanted: the top 10 book of clumsy keepers, clever crosses, and outlandish oddities. Brassey's. ISBN 1-57488-365-8.

External links

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Two-legged Final
Inter-Cities Fairs Cup
Final Venue

1964
Succeeded by
Stadio Comunale
Turin
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Karaiskakis Stadium
Piraeus
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
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1972
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Kaftanzoglio Stadium
Thessaloniki
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Rheinstadion
Düsseldorf
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
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1982
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Nya Ullevi
Gothenburg
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Monumental de Nuñez
Buenos Aires
FIFA World Cup
Opening Venue

1982
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Estadio Azteca
Mexico City
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Neckarstadion
Stuttgart
European Cup
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1989
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Praterstadion
Vienna
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Olympic Stadium
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Summer Olympics
Football Men's Final Venue

1992
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Sanford Stadium
Athens, Georgia
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UEFA Champions League
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1999
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Paris
1957–58 FC Barcelona season

The 1957–58 season was the 59th season for FC Barcelona.

1963 Copa del Generalísimo Final

The Copa del Generalísimo 1963 Final was the 61st final of the King's Cup. The final was played at Camp Nou in Barcelona, on 23 June 1963, being won by FC Barcelona, who beat Real Zaragoza CD 3-1.

1970 Copa del Generalísimo Final

The Copa del Generalísimo 1970 Final was the 68th final of the King's Cup. The final was played at Camp Nou in Barcelona, on 28 June 1970, being won by Real Madrid C.F., who beat Valencia 3-1.

1989 European Cup Final

The 1989 European Cup Final was a football match held at the Camp Nou in Barcelona, Spain on 24 May 1989, that saw Milan of Italy defeat Steaua București of Romania 4–0. Two goals each from Marco van Basten and Ruud Gullit gave the Italian side their third victory in the competition.

1999 UEFA Champions League Final

The 1999 UEFA Champions League Final was a football match between Manchester United of England and Bayern Munich of Germany, played at Camp Nou in Barcelona, Spain, on 26 May 1999, to determine the winner of the 1998–99 UEFA Champions League. Injury time goals from Manchester United's Teddy Sheringham and Ole Gunnar Solskjær cancelled out Mario Basler's early goal to give Manchester United a 2–1 win. The victory completed a treble-winning season for Manchester United, after they had won the Premier League and FA Cup. Bayern were also playing for a treble, having won the Bundesliga and reached the DFB-Pokal final, although they went on to lose that match.

The two sides had played each other earlier in the competition, having both been drawn in Group D in the group stage; Bayern won the group, while Manchester United qualified for the knockout phase as one of the two best runners-up across all six groups. After beating Internazionale in the quarter-finals, Manchester United beat another Italian side, Juventus in the semis to reach the final; meanwhile, Bayern beat fellow Germans Kaiserslautern in the quarter-finals, before overcoming Ukrainian side Dynamo Kyiv in the semis.

Referee Pierluigi Collina has cited this match as one of the most memorable of his career, and described the noise from the crowd at the end of the game as being like a "lion's roar".

2008–09 FC Barcelona season

In 2008–09, Futbol Club Barcelona started a new era with a new manager, former player and Barcelona Atlètic coach Pep Guardiola, who led the team to the first treble in Spanish football history. After selling off high-profiled players such as Deco and Ronaldinho, Barcelona played scintillating football throughout the season, winning the Copa del Rey, La Liga and the UEFA Champions League. This Barcelona squad is considered by some the best in club football history.

2009–10 FC Barcelona season

In 2009–10, Futbol Club Barcelona started the new season with the prospect of winning six major competitions in the 2009–2010 season. They contested for the Supercopa de España, UEFA Super Cup, FIFA Club World Cup, Copa del Rey, La Liga, and the UEFA Champions League. During the summer transfer window, the club swapped their top league goal scorer during the treble season, Samuel Eto'o to Italy's Inter Milan in exchange for Zlatan Ibrahimović, along with €48 million, bringing the total to €69 million.

On 16 May, Barcelona claimed its 20th league title with a then-record 99 points via a 4–0 victory over relegated side Valladolid to finish their 2009–10 season with four titles.

2010 Copa del Rey Final

The 2010 Copa del Rey Final was the 108th final since its establishment. The match took place on 19 May 2010 at the Camp Nou, Barcelona. The match was contested by Sevillla FC and Atlético Madrid, and it was refereed by Manuel Mejuto González. Sevilla lifted the trophy for the fifth time in their history with a 2–0 victory.

2011–12 FC Barcelona season

The 2011–12 season was Futbol Club Barcelona's 112th in existence and the club's 81st consecutive season in the top flight of Spanish football. Barcelona debuted their new and first paid shirt sponsor Qatar Foundation after an agreement was reached in 2010 with the non-profit organization for a five-and-a-half-year, €170 million deal. The agreement with UNICEF continued and their name had been moved to the lower back portion of the shirt.

This season also introduced a new away kit in black while the third kit was retained from last season.

Barcelona was unsuccessful in defending two major trophies. They ended the La Liga season as runners-up, nine points behind winners Real Madrid, who finished with 100 points having clinched the league title by defeating Athletic Bilbao 3–0 on 2 May 2012. Barcelona's UEFA Champions League campaign ended in the semi-finals after a 2–3 aggregate loss against eventual winners Chelsea. Pep Guardiola stepped down as manager at the conclusion of the season, which ended on a high as Barcelona won the Copa del Rey.

Barcelona's under-19 squad played in the inaugural tournament of the NextGen series. After finishing first in their group during the group stage, they were eliminated by Ajax in the quarter-finals of the tournament.

2013–14 FC Barcelona season

The 2013–14 season was Futbol Club Barcelona's 114th in existence and the club's 83rd consecutive season in the top flight of Spanish football.

2014–15 FC Barcelona season

The 2014–15 season was Futbol Club Barcelona's 115th in existence and the club's 84th consecutive season in the top flight of Spanish football. It was one of the most successful seasons in the club's history as they clinched the Treble by winning La Liga, Copa del Rey and the UEFA Champions League. By doing so, the Catalans became the first European team to twice win the domestic double as well as the highest continental tournament, after winning their first treble in the 2008–09 season. Barcelona's success was due to a large extent to their formidable forward trio composed of Lionel Messi, Neymar and summer signing Luis Suárez, who scored an unprecedented total of 122 goals in all competitions to become the trio with most goals in Spanish football history.

2015–16 FC Barcelona season

The 2015–16 season was Fútbol Club Barcelona's 116th in existence and the club's 85th consecutive season in the top flight of Spanish football. Barcelona was involved in six competitions after completing the Treble during the last season. Barcelona won the league and the Spanish cup.

2017–18 FC Barcelona season

The 2017–18 season was Futbol Club Barcelona's 118th in existence and the club's 87th consecutive season in the top flight of Spanish football.

2018–19 FC Barcelona season

The 2018–19 season is Futbol Club Barcelona's 119th season in existence and the club's 88th consecutive season in the top flight of Spanish football. Barcelona will be involved in four competitions after winning the double of La Liga and Copa del Rey in the previous season.

Camp de Les Corts

Camp de Les Corts (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈkam də ləs ˈkoɾts]), commonly referred to as Les Corts, was a sports stadium in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. It was the home ground for FC Barcelona until the club moved to the Camp Nou in 1957. It was also the home ground of CD Condal for the club's entire history.

Les Corts was built as a result of a long-term plan by the club president, Joan Gamper, to provide FC Barcelona with its own stadium. It replaced the Camp de la Indústria as the home of FC Barcelona. Inaugurated in 1922, the initial capacity was 20,000. The first game played at the ground was between FC Barcelona and St Mirren. On May 13, 1923, the stadium hosted the Copa del Rey final between Athletic Bilbao and CE Europa and on December 21, 1924, Les Corts hosted a game between Spain and Austria.

On June 24, 1925, the stadium was the scene of an incident that saw it closed for six months. During a game, FC Barcelona fans jeered the Spanish national anthem and then applauded God Save the King, performed by a visiting British Royal Marine band. The dictatorship of Primo de Rivera accused Joan Gamper of promoting Catalan nationalism. Les Corts was shut down and Gamper was expelled from Spain.

The stadium was the home of FC Barcelona during two of its most successful eras. During the 1920s with coach Jack Greenwell and players such as Paulino Alcántara, Sagibarba, Ricardo Zamora, Josep Samitier, Félix Sesúmaga and Franz Platko, the club dominated the Campionat de Catalunya and emerged as one of the top clubs in Spain. The club built on that success and also won the first ever La Liga while based at Les Corts.By the late 1940s, FC Barcelona had outgrown Les Corts. The stadium had been extended on several occasions, reaching a final capacity of 60,000. However, there was no room for further expansion and in 1950 the club began to make plans for a new stadium, the Camp Nou.

Catalonia national football team

The Catalonia national football team (Catalan: Selecció de futbol de Catalunya Spanish: Selección de fútbol de Cataluña) is the official football team of the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia. It is organised by the Catalan Football Federation. The team has been referred to by various names including Selecció Catalana, Selecció de Barcelona and the Catalan XI.

Catalonia is not affiliated with either FIFA or UEFA and is therefore not allowed to participate in either the FIFA World Cup or the UEFA European Championship. Other than in certain cases where other nationalities are involved, Catalan players are full Spanish citizens who are eligible to play for Spain, and often do.

Since 1904, the team has played nearly 200 games against various national, regional and club teams. International friendly games have been played more regularly since 1997. Among the teams they have played are Nigeria, Brazil and Argentina.

Ciutat Esportiva Joan Gamper

The Ciutat Esportiva Joan Gamper (Catalan pronunciation: [siwˈtat əspurˈtiβə ʒuˈaŋ ɡəmˈpe]) is the training ground and academy base of Spanish football club FC Barcelona. It was officially opened on 1 June 2006, and was named in honor of Joan Gamper, founder of the club.

Located in Sant Joan Despí and covering 136.839 m it is used since 2006 for youth team training and matches and since January 2009 for the first team training. It is also used by many of the other sports teams at the club including Basketball, Handball and Futsal who use facilities such as the multi-sports pavilion. Now that this facility is fully operational, all the youth teams that previously used the Camp Nou facilities, mainly the Mini Estadi and the Palau Blaugrana, train there.

FC Barcelona's first team moved to this facility on 19 January 2009. This brought to an end a 30-year history that the first team had of training on the small pitch (known as the La Masia pitch) annexed to the Camp Nou. The first team facilities are the same as those at the Camp Nou and at the start of the 2009/2010 season it included a full pool and saunas for player recuperation.

By 2011 a new residence was opened on site, housing the FC Barcelona's youth players who previously boarded at La Masia. This will include living space for around 85 players.

The land occupied by the Ciutat Esportiva was purchased by the club in 1989 and is just 4.5 km away from the Camp Nou and is directly connected by the road between Barcelona and Sant Joan Despí.

The Ciutat Esportiva eventually cost 68 million euros, of which 25.6 corresponded to urbanization and 42.5 to the total construction costs. The club sold two plots of land, the first on 21 June 2002 and the second on 20 February 2003, for values of 29.7 and 15.9 million euros, respectively to cover part of the costs of the operation. The rest of the money was invested directly by the club, an amount of 22.5 million euros.

Estadi Municipal de Reus

The Estadi Municipal de Reus, also known as Estadi Camp Nou Municipal, is a multi-use stadium located in Reus, Catalonia, Spain. It is currently used for football matches and is the home stadium of CF Reus Deportiu.

Football at the 1992 Summer Olympics

The football competition at the 1992 Summer Olympics was the first Under-23 competition. The competition features 16 men's national teams from the six continental confederations. The 16 teams are drawn into four groups of four and each group plays a round-robin tournament. At the end of the group stage, the top two teams advanced to the knockout stage, beginning with the quarter-finals and culminating with the gold medal match at Camp Nou on 8 August 1992.Notably, these were the first matches played with football's new back-pass rule.

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