Camilo Castelo Branco

Camilo Castelo Branco,1st Viscount of Correia Botelho (Portuguese pronunciation: [kɐˈmilu kɐʃˈtɛlu ˈbɾɐ̃ku]; 16 March 1825 – 1 June 1890), was a prolific Portuguese writer of the 19th century, having produced over 260 books (mainly novels, plays and essays). His writing is considered original in that it combines the dramatic and sentimental spirit of Romanticism with a highly personal combination of sarcasm, bitterness and dark humour. He is also celebrated for his peculiar wit and anecdotal character, as well as for his turbulent (and ultimately tragical) life.

His writing, which is centred in the local and the picturesque and is in a general sense affiliated with the Romantic tradition, is often regarded in contrast to that of Eça de Queiroz – a cosmopolitan dandy and a fervorous proponent of Realism, who was Camilo's literary contemporary in spite of being 20 years younger. In this tension between Camilo and Eça – often dubbed by critics the literary guerrilla – many have interpreted a synthesis of the two great tendencies present in the Portuguese literature of the 19th century.

Allegations that he was initiated in Freemasonry in 1846,[1] are somewhat contradictory as there are indications that, around the same time, during the Revolution of Maria da Fonte, he fought in favor of the Miguelists as "helper to the orders of the Scottish General Reinaldo MacDonell",[2][3] who was active in the revived Order of Saint Michael of the Wing precisely to combat Masonry. Similarly, much of his literature demonstrates his ideals of legitimism and as a conservative and Catholic traditionalist.

Camilo Ferreira Botelho Castelo-Branco
Camilo Castelo Branco
Born16 March 1825
Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Died1 June 1890 (aged 65)
São Miguel de Seide, Kingdom of Portugal
Occupationnovelist, playwright, essayist
GenreRomance novel
Literary movementRomanticism


Camilo was born out of wedlock and orphaned in infancy, although his origins lay ultimately in Northern Portugal's provincial aristocracy (his father, Manuel Joaquim Botelho Castelo Branco, was the son of an illustrious household in the environs of Vila Real, but lived in near-poverty due to the strict law of primogeniture which then largely excluded younger sons from inheritance). Camilo spent his early years in a village in Trás-os-Montes, where he was educated at home by three unmarried aunts. At the age of 13, he enrolled at the Catholic seminary of nearby Vila Real, where he was educated by Catholic priests. During his teenage years, he fell in love with the poetry of Luís de Camões and Manuel Maria Barbosa de Bocage, while Fernão Mendes Pinto gave him a lust for adventure. In spite of this interest in literature, and of his remarkable abilities in Greek and Latin, Camilo was a distracted student and grew up to be undisciplined and proud.

From the age of 17 to his early 20s, he intermittently studied medicine and theology in Oporto and Coimbra and eventually chose to become a writer. After a spell of journalistic work in Oporto and Lisbon he proceeded to the episcopal seminary in Oporto in order to study for the priesthood. During this period Camilo wrote a number of religious works and translated the work of François-René de Chateaubriand. Camilo actually took minor holy orders, but his restless nature drew him away from the priesthood and he devoted himself to literature for the rest of his life. He was arrested twice; the first time for having unearthed the remains of his first wife (whom he had married at the age of 16, and who had died at 24) and the second due to his adulterous affair with Ana Plácido, who was married at the time.

His first period of incarceration was short, apparently thanks to the intervention of Teixeira de Queiroz, an influential judge and, coincidentally, father of the renowned José Maria de Eça de Queiroz. During his second and longer incarceration he wrote what most consider to be his best and most characteristic work Amor de Perdição. Later this phase of his life would also inspire him to write his Memórias do Cárcere (literally "Memories of Prison"), in which he describes the meanders of the then miserable and overcrowded prison of Relação, at the centre of Oporto, intertwined with intimate ramblings of the imagination and biographical fragments.

Camilo was made a viscount (Visconde de Correia Botelho) in 1885 in recognition of his contributions to literature, and when his health deteriorated and he could no longer write, parliament gave him a pension for life. In 1886, he wrote "Esboço de crítica: Otelo, o Mouro de Veneza".[4][5] Going blind (because of syphilis) and suffering from chronic nervous disease, Castelo Branco committed suicide[6] with a revolver in 1890, while sitting in his now-famous wooden rocking chair.


Camilo Castelo Branco is probably the most prolific of all Portuguese writers, his work including novels, plays, verse, and essays. In addition, Camilo was the first Portuguese writer able to support himself financially from his writing alone. In all, his publications number about five hundred and sixty, but he is best known for his romances. Even though Camilo churned out a lot of work to pay the bills, he never lost his individuality. His familiarity with personalities allowed him to enliven his writing with a succession of memorable characters and Portuguese types, such as the "brasileiro" (a returned Portuguese emigrant who had made his fortune in Brazil), the old "Fidalgo" (nobleman) of the north of Portugal, and the Minho priest.

Camilo's novels may be divided into three periods. The first period comprises his romances of the imagination, of which Os Mistérios de Lisboa, in the style of Eugène Sue, is a fair example.

The second period includes his novels of manners, a style he developed and remained the chief exponent of until the appearance of O Crime de Padre Amaro by Eça de Queiroz. In these novels he combines realism and idealism, and perfectly captures the domestic and social life of Portugal in the early part of the 19th century.

The third period embraces his writings in the realms of history, biography and literary criticism. Among these may be cited Noites de Lamego, Cousas leves e pesadas, Cavar em ruínas, Memórias do Bispo do Grão Pará and Boémia do Espírito.

Among the most notable of his romances are O Romance de um Homem Rico, his favorite, Retrato de Ricardina, Amor de Perdição, the collection of novellas Novelas do Minho and A Brasileira de Prazins. Many of his novels are autobiographical, like Onde está a felicidade? and Memórias do Cárcere and Vinganca. Castelo Branco is an admirable story-teller, largely because he was a brilliant improvisatore, but he does not attempt character study. He has a richness of vocabulary probably unmatched in all Portuguese literature, often using obscure words. At the same time, few Portuguese authors have demonstrated so profound a knowledge of the vernacular tongue. Though nature had endowed Camilo with a poetic temperament, his verses are considered to be mediocre, while his best plays are cast in bold lines and contain powerfully dramatic situations, and his comedies are a triumph of the grotesque, with a mordant tone reminiscent of the work of Gil Vicente.

Selected bibliography

  • Anátema (1851)
  • Os Mistérios de Lisboa (1854)
  • A Filha do Arcediago (1854)
  • Livro Negro de Padre Dinis (1855)
  • A Neta do Arcediago (1856)
  • Onde Está a Felicidade? (1856) (English title: Where Is Happiness?)
  • Um Homem de Brios (1856)
  • Lágrimas Abençoadas (1857)
  • Cenas da Foz (1857)
  • Carlota Ângela (1858)
  • Vingança (1858)
  • O Que Fazem Mulheres (1858) (English title: What Women Do)
  • Doze Casamentos Felizes (1861)
  • O Romance de um Homem Rico (1861)
  • As Três Irmãs
  • Amor de Perdição (1862) (ISBN 0-85051-509-2) (English title: Doomed Love (2000) – ISBN 0-943722-27-6; Love of Perdition (2016) – ISBN 978-0-9938568-2-2)
  • Coisas Espantosas (1862)
  • O Irónico (1862)
  • Coração, Cabeça e Estômago (1862)
  • Estrelas Funestas (1862)
  • Anos de Prosa (1858)
  • Aventuras de Basílio Fernandes Enxertado (1863)
  • O Bem e o Mal (1863)
  • Estrelas Propícias (1863)
  • Memórias de Guilherme do Amaral (1863)
  • Agulha em Palheiro (1863)
  • Amor de Salvação (1864)
  • A Filha do Doutor Negro (1864)
  • Vinte Horas de Liteira (1864)
  • O Esqueleto (1865)
  • A Sereia (1865)
  • A Enjeitada (1866)
  • O Judeu (1866)
  • O Olho de Vidro (1866)
  • A Queda dum Anjo (1866)
  • O Santo da Montanha (1866)
  • A Bruxa do Monte Córdova (1867)
  • Os Mistérios de Fafe (1868)
  • O Retrato De Ricardina(1868)
  • Compendio da vida e feitos de Jose' Balsamo, Essay (1874)
  • A Caveira da Mártir (1876)
  • Novelas do Minho (1875–1877)
  • Eusébio Macário (1879)
  • A Corja (1880)
  • Luiz de Camões: Notas Biographicas (1880)
  • A Brasileira de Prazins (1882) (English title: The Brazilian Girl from Prazens)
  • D. Luiz de Portugal: Neto do Prior do Crato 1601–1660 (1883)
  • O Vinho do Porto (1884)
  • Esboço de Crítica – Otelo, o Mouro de Veneza (1886)

Film and television adaptations


 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Castello Branco, Camillo" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

  1. ^ "Grémio Lusitano". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
  2. ^ "Biografia de Camilo Castelo Branco (Lisboa, 1825 - São Miguel de Ceide/Vila Nova de Famalicão, 1890), Centro de Documentação de Autores Portugueses". Direcção-Geral do Livro e das Bibliotecas. January 2005. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015.
  3. ^ A Vida de Camillo Anno a Anno, por António Cabral, Livraria Ferreira, Lisboa, 1918, pág. 59
  4. ^ "CAMILLO CASTELLO BRANCO. – ESBÔÇO DE CRÍTICA. OTHELO. O MOURO DE VENEZA – 1ªEDIÇÃO RARA – Valongo". Archived from the original on September 1, 2011. Retrieved May 19, 2011.
  5. ^ "Camillo Castello Branco – Esboço de Crítica, Otelo, o Mouro de Veneza, bom estado, papel escurecido de época, com carimbo do antigo dono. em bom estado, escasso, rara camiliana". Retrieved May 19, 2011.
  6. ^ "Camilo Castelo branco". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved August 28, 2009.

External links

Afonso Cruz

Afonso Cruz (born 1971) is a Portuguese novelist, animator, illustrator and musician. Born in Figueira da Foz, Cruz studied at the António Arroio Arts High School in Lisbon, at the College of Fine Arts of Lisbon and at the Madeira Institute of Plastic Arts.

He published his first novel in 2008, A Carne de Deus - Aventuras de Conrado Fortes e Lola Benites (Bertrand), which was followed by The Encyclopedia of the World Story (Quetzal Editores) in 2009, winner of the Camilo Castelo Branco Grand Prize. In 2010 he published The Books Which Devoured My Father (Editorial Caminho), winner of the 2009 Maria Rosa Colaço Literary Prize, and The Human Contradiction (Caminho), winner of the 2011 Portuguese Society for Authors/RTP Prize. His book A Boneca de Kokoschka (The Kokoschka Doll) won the EU Prize for Literature.Jesus Christ Drank Beer (Alfaguara, 2012) was considered the Best Portuguese Novel of the Year by Time Out Lisbon magazine and Best Novel of 2012 by the readers of the reference newspaper Público. In 2014, Where Do Umbrellas End Up (Alfaguara, 2013) won the Portuguese Society for Authors Award in the Literature category.He is a member of a blues/roots band called The Soaked Lamb.

Amor de Perdição

Amor de Perdição is a 19th-century Portuguese novel by Camilo Castelo Branco. It has been adapted into several films, like Amor de Perdição (1979 film) and a telenovela.

Amor de Perdição (TV series)

Amor de Perdição is a Brazilian telenovela that first aired on TV Cultura in 1965. It is based on the novel of the same name by Portuguese writer Camilo Castelo Branco.

Ana Plácido

Ana Plácido (1831—1895) was a Portuguese novelist and author. Her best known work is the 1871 novel Herança de Lágrimas (English: A Legacy of Tears), and she is also noted for an autobiographical book Luz Coada por Ferros (English: Light Filtered Through Bars; published in 1863). She was married to the author Camilo Castelo Branco, with whom she earlier had an extra-marital affair while he was married.Herança de Lágrimas tells the story of a married woman named Diana who decides not to engage in adultery after reading the story of her mother's fate after doing similarly. The novel was written to try and "voice a female-centred perspective on life" according to the academics Hilary Owen and Cláudio Pazos Alonso.

Arts in Póvoa de Varzim

Several places and events are associated with the Arts in Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal.

Diana Bar, Póvoa de Varzim, currently the beach library, was a traditional writers meeting place since the 19th century, and was where José Régio passed his free time writing. Other famous writers closely associated with the city are Almeida Garrett, Camilo Castelo Branco, António Nobre, and Agustina Bessa-Luís. Nevertheless, the city is often remembered as the birthplace of Eça de Queiroz, one of the main writers in the Portuguese language.

In modern times, the city gained international prominence with Correntes d'Escritas, a literary festival where writers from the Portuguese and Spanish-speaking world gather in a variety of presentations and an annual award for best new release. Other international meetings include the music video festival presentation known as VIMUS and the International Music Festival, an erudite event established in 1978.

The Cine-Teatro Garrett Theatre was, for more than a century, the most important performing arts venue in the city, but it closed and was bought by the city council that plans to reopen it in the future. The municipal auditory had been created in early 21st century and is where the School of Music and the Octopus Film club with exhibitions of quality cinema coexist. The Varazim Teatro is a cultural and youth group of amateur theatre that has encouraged local drama and the Filantrópica, created in 1935, has as its purpose the execution of cultural activities and inducement to artistic creation.The Ethnography and History Municipal Museum of Póvoa de Varzim was established in 1937 by António dos Santos Graça in order to preserve the Poveiro’s practices and traditions which were being lost without record or research in it. Two themed museums exist: the Museum Nucleus of the Romanesque Church of Saint Peter of Rates which is dedicated to the dissemination of the history, legend and art surrounding the Romanesque Church of Saint Peter of Rates, and the Archaeological Nucleus of Cividade de Terroso, which serves as a presentation of Cividade de Terroso. The Arquivo Municipal is the city's archive planned for those who are interested in tracing their own family pedigree chart or scrutinize the city's records.

Azulejos (journal)

Azulejos : Semanário Ilustrado de Ciências, Letras e Artes (Portuguese for "Titles: Weekly Illustrations of Sciences, Arts and Letters") was a review published in Lisbon, Portugal from September 1907 to February 1909. Five series of fifteen issues were published.

The periodical was advertised as a journal open to all authors, but especially those who were as yet unknown, since the magazine specialized in promoting new writing talent. Subjects published varied from sporting life to spiritualism.

Its head was Palermo de Faria, and the editorial team included Anacleto Oliveira, Bento Mântua, Xavier da Silva, Luís Cebola, Aarão de Lacerda, and Alfredo Mantua. Many of the "new talents" which took part in its journal publication later became well-known writers in Portugal, including Mário de Sá Carneiro, Abel Botelho, Amélia Janny, Astrigildo Chaves, Augusto Casimiro, Guerra Junqueiro, João de Câmara, João de Freitas Branco, Júlio Dantas, Olavo Bilac and a few texts, were published posthumously, including those by Alexandre Herculano, Bocage, Camilo Castelo Branco and João de Deus.


Camilo is both a given name and a surname. Notable people with the name include:

Given name:

Camilo Castelo Branco, Portuguese writer

Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary

Camilo Gómez, Colombian cyclist

Camilo Henríquez, Chilean priest, author and politician

Camilo José Cela, Spanish Nobel prize winner

Camilo Romero, Mexican footballer

Camilo Sanvezzo, usually referred to simply as Camilo, Brazilian footballer

Camilo Torres Restrepo, Colombian Roman Catholic priest

Camilo Villegas, Colombian GolferSurname:

Tiago Camilo (born 1982), Brazilian judoka

Francisco Camilo, Spanish painter

Michel Camilo, Dominican jazz-Latin pianist and composer

Wallace Camilo, Brazilian footballer

Castello Branco

The name Castello Branco may refer to

Camilo Castelo Branco (1825–1890); Portuguese writer, publishing over 260 works in this time; committed suicide in 1890.

Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco (1897–1967); Brazilian marshal, involved in the 1964 coup d'état, and President of Brazil from 1964 to 1967.

Rodovia Castelo Branco, a Brazilian highway named after him.

City mysteries

City mysteries are a 19th-century genre of popular novel, in which characters explore the secret underworlds of cities and reveal corruption and exploitation, depicting violence and deviant sexuality. They were popular in both Europe and the United States. All were inspired by the very successful serial novel The Mysteries of Paris (1842) by Eugène Sue, such as these:

Les Vrais Mystères de Paris (1844) by Eugène François Vidocq

The Quaker City, or The Monks of Monk Hall (1845) by George Lippard

Los Misterios del Plata (1846) by Juana Manso

"Venus in Boston" (1849) by George Thompson

"City Crimes" (1849) by George Thompson

"The Mysteries of Lisbon" (1854) by Camilo Castelo Branco

"The Slums of Petersburg" (1866) by Vsevolod Krestovsky

Les Mystères de Marseille by Émile Zola

The Mysteries of London by George W. M. Reynolds

Les Mystères de Londres by Paul Féval

Les Mystères de Lyon (featuring the Nyctalope) by Jean de La Hire

I misteri di Napoli by Francesco Mastriani,

Les Nouveaux Mystères de Paris by Léo Malet,

Die Mysterien von Berlin by August Brass,

Die Geheimnisse von Hamburg by Johann Wilhelm Christern,

De Verborgenheden van Amsterdam by L. van Eikenhorst

Day of Despair

Day of Despair (Portuguese: O Dia do Desespero) is a 1992 Portuguese drama film based on the life of Portuguese writer Camilo Castelo Branco. It was directed by Manoel de Oliveira. The film was selected as the Portuguese entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 65th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.

Diniz d' Alpoim

Diniz d' Alpoim (c.1300-?) was a Portuguese nobleman, Lord of Esgueira, He served as ambassador to Aragon in times of Afonso IV.

Hélia Correia

Hélia Correia (born 1949) is a Portuguese novelist, playwright, poet and translator.

John L. Wallace

John L. Wallace (born September 25, 1956) is a medical scientist and was the founder of the Inflammation Research Network at The University of Calgary and inaugural director of the Farncombe Institute at McMaster University. In November 2013, he became the tenth recipient of the Heymans Foundation Memorial Medal. Since its inauguration in 1972, the Medal had been awarded ten times; six of the previous recipients were Nobel Laureates. Wallace is also the 2009 recipient of the Premier's Summit Award in Innovation, Canada's largest value research award (C$5 million) aimed at supporting the work of an individual scientist.He is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, a member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, a fellow of the British Pharmacological Society, and a fellow and former President of the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology. Wallace is an adjunct professor in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Calgary, the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology at the University of Toronto, and in the University Camilo Castelo Branco in São Paulo, Brazil.

He is Chief Scientific Officer of Antibe Therapeutics Inc., which he founded. Antibe Therapeutics is based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and trades on the Toronto Venture Exchange (TSV:ATE).

John L. Wallace is a citizen of Canada, The Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom.

List of people on the postage stamps of Azores

This is a list of people on stamps of the Azores.

Matias de Albuquerque, Count of Alegrete (1928)

Teresa de Albuquerque (1925)

Afonso I of Portugal (1926)

Brites de Almeida (1927)

Saint Anthony of Padua (1895)

Luiz Vaz de Camoens (1898)

Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal (1925)

Camilo Castelo Branco (1925)

Carlos I of Portugal (1906)

João de Cruz (1925)

Mariana de Cruz (1925)

Saint Gabriel the Archangel (1898)

Vasco da Gama (1898)

Joana de Gouveia (1928)

Prince Henry the Navigator (1894)

João das Regras (1927)

John I of Portugal (1926)

John IV of Portugal (1926)

Luís I of Portugal (1868)

Manuel II of Portugal (1910)

Gonçalo Mendes da Maia (1927)

Gualdim Paes (1928)

João Pinto Ribeiro (1927)

Filipa de Vilhena (1926)

Maria Amália Vaz de Carvalho

Maria Amália Vaz de Carvalho (1 February 1847 – 24 March 1921) was a Portuguese writer and poet. She was the first woman to join the Portuguese Academy of Sciences (Academia das Ciências de Lisboa).

The daughter of José Vaz de Carvalho and Maria Cristina de Almeida e Albuquerque, she was married to the poet António Cândido Gonçalves Crespo.

She wrote for several newspapers in Portugal (Diário Popular, Repórter, Artes e Letras) and Brazil (Jornal do Comércio, Rio de Janeiro), under the pseudonym Maria de Sucena.

As well as poetry, she wrote short stories, essays, biographies, and literary criticism. The collection of stories for children she wrote with her husband, Contos para os nossos filhos ("Tales for our Children", 1886) was approved by the Board of Public Instruction for use in schools.

Her house was the first literary salon in Lisbon; they were hosts to Eça de Queiroz, Camilo Castelo Branco, Ramalho Ortigão and Guerra Junqueiro.

In 1993, the municipality of Loures (where she had lived as a child) established a literary award in her name. She died in Lisbon, aged 74, and was buried in the Prazeres Cemetery.

Maria Isabel Barreno

Maria Isabel Barreno de Faria Martins GOIH (10 July 1939 – 3 September 2016) was a Portuguese writer.

Mysteries of Lisbon

Mysteries of Lisbon (Portuguese: Mistérios de Lisboa) is a 2010 Portuguese period drama film directed by Raúl Ruiz based on an 1854 novel of the same name by Camilo Castelo Branco. The movie's running time is 272 minutes. It played as a miniseries in 60-minute installments in some countries. The film has won nine awards and been nominated for eight more.

The plot of Mysteries of Lisbon is rich with coincidences, plot twists, multiple narrators, disguises, and flashbacks-within-flashbacks. Every major character possesses at least two identities, and the story—which hopscotches around Europe in the late 18th and early 19th centuries—is set against the Napoleonic Wars and includes pirates, a woman hellbent on avenging the death of her twin brother, and at least four different love triangles. Above all, Mysteries of Lisbon is about the mechanics of storytelling and imagination.

Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen (film)

Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen is a black-and-white 1969 Portuguese documentary film by João César Monteiro, then using the name João César Santos, about the notable poet. It was Monteiro's first completed film. It is dedicated to the memory of Carl Theodor Dreyer.

Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen is part of a series of short-films dedicated to relevant personalities of Portuguese arts and literature produced by the company Cultura Filmes (1967–69) with support from the Gulbenkian Foundation. Monteiro, at the time with no references besides having frequented the London School of Film Technique (1963–65), was recommended to Ricardo Malheiro (1909–77), the owner of Cultura Filmes and himself a director of documentary shorts, by Alberto Seixas Santos and António Pedro Vasconcelos. Initially, Monteiro was developing a project on 19th-century novelist Camilo Castelo Branco to be named Como Filmar Camilo? (How to Film Camilo?). The choice of the Gulbenkian Foundation to confine the series to living personalities made him turn to Sophia.The work opens with Monteiro reading the credits in voice-over. The poet is filmed among her children in the Algarve during the summer. An important source of inspiration to Sophia herself, the luminous region where Monteiro would shoot Hovering Over the Water (1986) is one of the essential matters of the film. The sea is its dominant element. Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen ends with the poet writing her name in a sheet that fades to white under the sound of the waves.

Of his own films, Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen was probably the one more openly discussed by Monteiro. In a self-interview he wrote:

… I suppose, first of all, that it is the proof for those willing to understand that poetry is not filmable and there is no point in pursuing it. What is filmable is always something else that may or may not have a poetic quality. My film is the realization of this impossibility, and this uncompromising shame makes it, I believe, poetic, malgré-lui. I also believe … that much more than a movie about Sophia, who for me only in a random way is part of it, my film is a film about cinema and its matter.

Xela Arias

Xela Arias Castaño (Lugo 1962 - Vigo 2003) was a Galician poet and translator.

She translated works by Jorge Amado, Camilo Castelo Branco, James Joyce, Fenimore Cooper and Wenceslao Fernández Flórez into Galician.

Theologians and
Visual artists

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