Camera operator

A camera operator, sometimes informally called a cameraman, is a professional operator of a film or video camera. In filmmaking, the person designing the lighting is the cinematographer or director of photography, who is also informally called a "cameraman" though it is a different job. A camera operator in a video production may be known as a television camera operator, video camera operator, or videographer, depending on the context and technology involved, usually operating a professional video camera.

The camera operator is responsible for physically operating the camera and maintaining composition and camera angles throughout a given scene or shot. In narrative filmmaking, the camera operator will collaborate with the director, director of photography, actors and crew to make technical and creative decisions. In this setting, a camera operator is part of a film crew consisting of the director of photography and one or more camera assistants. In documentary filmmaking and news, the camera is often called on to film unfolding, unscripted events. In 2006, there were approximately 27,000 television, video, and motion picture camera operators employed in the United States.[1] Important camera operator skills include choreographing and framing shots, knowledge of and the ability to select appropriate camera lenses, and other equipment (dollies, camera cranes, etc.) to portray dramatic scenes. The principles of dramatic story telling and film editing fundamentals are important skills as well. The camera operator is required to communicate clearly and concisely on sets where time and film budget constraints are ever present.

Riot PetionVille
War camera operator (Photo: Patrick-André Perron)
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R96517, Berlin, Brandenburger Tor, Kameramann
A camera operator atop Brandenburg Gate in 1926

References

  1. ^ Bureau of Labor Statistics (2008). "Television, Video, and Motion Picture Camera Operators and Editors". Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2008-09 Edition. United States Department of Labor. ISBN 1-59804-409-5. Retrieved 10 November 2009.
39th Daytime Creative Arts Emmy Awards

The 39th Annual Creative Arts Emmy Awards presented by the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (NATAS), "recognizes outstanding achievement in all fields of daytime television production and are presented to individuals and programs broadcast from 2:00 a.m.—6:00 p.m. during the 2011 calendar year".The 39th Annual Creative Arts Emmy Awards ceremony was held at the Westin Bonaventure in Los Angeles on June 17, 2012. General Hospital won the most awards, with a total of five wins including Outstanding Drama Series and Outstanding Drama Series Directing Team and other Creative Arts Emmy Awards. The soap opera also had the most awards with a total of 23 (including Creative Arts Emmy Awards). Anthony Geary won its seventh win in the Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series category. Live! with Regis and Kelly won in the Outstanding Talk Show Entertainment category for its last season. June Foray won for Outstanding Performer in an Animated Program at age 94, becoming the oldest competitive winner in Emmy history. The Lifetime Achievement Award was presented to television producer Bill Geddie.

Berth (album)

Berth is a live CD/DVD by American rock band The Used that was released on February 6, 2007. It has since been certified gold.

Camera dolly

A camera dolly is a wheeled cart or similar device used in filmmaking and television production to create smooth horizontal camera movements. The camera is mounted to the dolly and the camera operator and focus puller or camera assistant usually ride on the dolly to push the dolly back and forth. The camera dolly is generally used to produce images which involve moving the camera toward or away from a subject while a take is being recorded, a technique known as a "dolly shot." The dolly grip is the dedicated technician trained to operate the dolly by manually pushing it back and forth.

Dean Semler

Dean Semler, A.C.S., A.S.C., (born 1943) is an Australian cinematographer and film director. Over his career, he has worked as a cinematographer, camera operator, director, second unit director, and assistant director. He is a three-time recipient of the AACTA Award for Best Cinematography and an Academy Award winner. He is a member of both the Australian Cinematographers Society (ACS) and the American Society of Cinematographers (ASC).

Dennis Smith (director)

Dennis L. Smith is an American television cinematographer, director and former camera operator.

Dennis began his career as a news photojournalists for ABC winning United Press InternatIonal and Associated Press "Best Newsfilm of the Year" awards for his Documentaries. He also contributed to winning two George Foster Peabody's from the University of Georgia.

In 1992, he began a 12-year-relationship with David E. Kelley, working with him on Picket Fences and The Practice.

As a camera operator he worked on such films as Stir Crazy (1980), Revenge of the Nerds (1984), License to Drive (1988) and Home Aloneand Home Alone 2 Lost in New York (1990) and Purple Rain.He continued his career as a cinematographer/director of photography on the David E. Kelley series Picket Fences (in which he made is directorial debut) and The Practice.

Some of Smith's other directing credits include episodes of: Boston Legal, JAG, Numb3rs, The Vampire Diaries, Fringe, NCIS and NCIS: Los Angeles.

Destination Truth

Destination Truth is a weekly American paranormal reality television series that premiered on June 6, 2007, on Syfy. Produced by Mandt Bros. Productions and Ping Pong Productions, the program follows paranormal researcher Josh Gates around the world to investigate claims of the supernatural, mainly in the field of cryptozoology. The third season concluded on April 21, 2010, and currently holds the highest ratings ever for the series, which continued with a fourth season, beginning on Thursday, September 9, 2010, at 9:00 p.m. ET/PT. The fifth season began July 10, 2012. On March 27, 2014, Gates confirmed via his Facebook account that Destination Truth had ended its run and would not be returning for a sixth season. However, Travel Channel began airing reruns of the show in the spring of 2017.

Dolly grip

In cinematography, the dolly grip is a dedicated technician trained to operate the camera dolly. This technician places, levels, and moves the dolly track, then pushes and pulls the dolly and usually a camera operator and camera assistant as riders. If the dolly has a moveable vertical axis, such as a hydraulic arm, then the dolly grip also operates the "boom". If both axes are used simultaneously, this type of dolly shot is known as a compound move.A dolly grip must work closely with the camera crew to perfect these complex movements (cinematic techniques) during rehearsals. Focusing the lens is critical to capturing a sharp image, so a dolly grip must hit his or her marks in concert with a camera assistant who pulls focus. It is a skill that experience can hone to a point, but the best dolly grips are known for their "touch," and that makes them highly sought-after.

A dolly grip is also employed when the camera is operated in handheld mode (on the operator's shoulders or literally in their hands). While the camera operator is moving with the camera, the dolly grip is responsible for the operator's safety, helping the operator to "blindly" negotiate sometimes complicated environments. The dolly grip silently directs the operator (through gentle touches, nudges, pulls and pushes) away from walls and other obstacles that the operator cannot see while concentrating on the image in the camera viewfinder. The same is true when the camera is operated with a Steadicam or similar body-mounted stabilization tool.Although dolly grips are hired by and under a key grip, they are paid the same as (or more than) a best boy grip, who is the second-in-command.Dolly grips may also push a wheeled platform holding the microphone and boom operator.

Crane operators in the film industry are specially trained film crew. They are normally grips.

Some shots require the camera to move. This can be done several ways, one of which is to use a camera crane. There are many types of camera cranes, most being a counterbalanced arm on a pivot, whilst others are hydraulic. Cranes can be used to lift the camera, and often the camera operator and assistant also, quickly into the air. The crane operator sets up and operates the camera crane so that the camera arrives at the right spot. This can be difficult since the camera may be a long distance from the operator.

Douglas Milsome

Douglas Milsome BSC, ASC (born 1939) is an English cinematographer. A former camera operator for John Alcott on films like A Clockwork Orange, Barry Lyndon, and The Shining, Milsome became a collaborator with director Stanley Kubrick following Alcott's death in 1986. His filmography numerous genre films including Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, Highlander: Endgame, Dungeons & Dragons, and Dracula III: Legacy. He has also worked with Jean-Claude Van Damme on films such as Legionnaire and The Hard Corps.

Günther Rittau

Günther Rittau (born 7 August 1893 in Königshütte (Silesia); died 6 August 1971 in München) was a German camera operator and film director.

After study of science in Berlin, Rittau started his career in 1919 at the documentary-film department of Decla, later at Universum Film AG. He learned the job of camera operator "on the side". From 1924, he was active as a feature cameraman. His experiences with the documentary film production and the production of trick photographs let to the development of his style. Metropolis (1927, as camera operator) and a propaganda movie U-Boote westwärts! (en:U-boats westwards!) (1941, as director) are considered to be among his best artistic achievements. His film The Eternal Tone (1943) about two brothers (a violinist and a violin maker) was considered "artistically valuable" by the Reichsfilmkammer.

After World War II, he returned to filmmaking only in 1954. He was active into the 1960s. In 1967, he was awarded Filmband in Gold. Günther Rittau is buried at the Waldfriedhof cemetery in Munich.

List of awards and nominations received by Saturday Night Live

This is a list of notable awards Saturday Night Live has won. One of the longest running series on U.S. television at 43 seasons as of 2017, since its debut, the show has won and been nominated for numerous awards, both creative and technical. The show has won 65 Primetime Emmy Awards, 3 Peabody Awards, and 3 Writers Guild of America Awards. Lorne Michaels, co-creator and executive producer, received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his work on the series.

Paul A. Edwards

Paul A. Edwards is an American cinematographer, camera operator and television director. He has worked as a camera operator and cinematographer on various mainstream films and has also directed several episodes of many series, including Lost, Fringe, Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., and Once Upon a Time.

Phil Abraham

Phil Abraham is an American cinematographer and television director. He worked on all six seasons of The Sopranos, initially as a camera operator, then as a cinematographer and eventually as an episodic director. He won the 2008 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Cinematography for a One Hour Series for his work on the pilot of Mad Men and has been nominated for four other Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Cinematography for a Single-Camera Series for his work on The Sopranos. Besides working as a cinematographer for Mad Men, he has also worked as a director for fifteen episodes. He picked up two more nominations for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series for Mad Men episodes "The Jet Set" and "The Other Woman". He attended high school at York Preparatory School and graduated from Wesleyan University, along with Mad Men creator Matthew Weiner.

Philip H. Lathrop

Philip H. Lathrop, A.S.C. (October 22, 1912 – April 12, 1995) was an American cinematographer noted for his skills with wide screen technology and detailed approach to lighting and camera placement. He spent most of his life in movie studios. Lathrop was known for such films as Touch of Evil (1958), Lonely Are the Brave (1962), The Americanization of Emily (1964), The Cincinnati Kid (1965), Point Blank (1967), Finian's Rainbow (1968), The Traveling Executioner (1970), Portnoy's Complaint (1972), Earthquake (1974), Swashbuckler (1976), The Driver (1978), Moment by Moment (1978), A Change of Seasons (1980), Foolin' Around (1980), Loving Couples (1980), and Deadly Friend (1986).

He was a long-time member of the ASC Board of Directors, as well as co-chairman of the ASC Awards committee. He also participated in the affairs of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences.

Sam Leavitt

Samuel "Sam" Leavitt, A.S.C (February 6, 1904–March 21, 1984), was an American cinematographer who was nominated for three Academy Awards, winning one for The Defiant Ones (1958).

Leavitt began his career as an assistant camera operator working on 1930s films. Leavitt was a camera operator on films including Rancho Notorious (1952) and on TV's I Love Lucy in the early 1950s before becoming a director of photography in films.

Leavitt was nominated for Academy Awards for Exodus (Best Cinematography Color) (1960)and Anatomy of a Murder (1959) (Best Cinematography Black and White) in the two years following his Oscar win for The Defiant Ones.Leavitt was born in New York City, New York and died in Woodland Hills, California.

Society of Operating Cameramen

Founded in 1979 under the name Society of Operating Cameramen, the SOC was incorporated in 1981 in the state of California as a nonprofit organization. Its primary mission is to advance the art, craft and creative contribution of the camera operator in the motion picture and television industries. The SOC represents camera operators, camera assistants, directors of photography as well as other related crafts. Its roster boasts of a global membership representing a large cultural diversity within the technical moviemaking crafts.

The SOC also publishes the four-times annuallyl Operating Cameraman Magazine, founded in 1991 and renamed the Camera Operator Magazine in 2007. Written from the perspective of the camera operator, each issue deals with issues relevant to the world-wide motion picture and TV industry. It includes articles on the development of the motion picture camera (from the silent era through modern equipment), aspect ratios, set etiquette, the digital revolution, and other informational subjects. Camera Operator magazine contains articles written by members who describe current motion pictures and television shows they have been working on--a true representation of the experiences of camera operators on the sets and on location.

The organization hosts an annual banquet, [ The SOC Lifetime Achievement Awards], to honor those members who have contributed and advanced the craft of the camera operator. A portion of the proceeds from this event are donated to the Eye Care Clinic [Vision Center] of the Children's Hospital Los Angeles.

Renamed the Society of Camera Operators, more befitting its diverse membership of both men and women. The society's motto "We See It First!" is/was a descriptive slogan referring to the fact that the camera operator, by personally viewing the scene through the viewfinder of a motion picture camera, physically sees the scene prior to anyone else until the screened dailies. "As camera operators we see the EXACT angles that audiences will see onscreen, and not from monitors placed around the set showing the 'representation' of what the camera operator sees and experiences." (Michael Frediani, SOC past president)

Tamara Benitez

Tamara Benitez (also Mara Benitez) (born 14 October 1983) is a Filipina Cinematographer and camera operator, based in Metro Manila, Philippines. Known primarily for her underwater videography, Benitez has worked extensively for the ABS-CBN Corporation and under its production companies Star Cinema and VIVA Films, and has worked with such directors as Lav Diaz, Wenn Deramas, Sig Sanchez, Paolo Herras, and Martin Aviles. She has also worked with Cinematographer Arvin Viola on numerous occasions. Benitez is one of few female Cinematographers working in the cinema of the Philippines. In 2006 she was Director of Photography for the featured pictures Heremias and Lambanog, and in 2011 shot footage for the TV series Survivor India and served as Director of Photography for the TV series Where's Tony.

War at the Warfield

War at the Warfield is a concert video by Slayer which was released on July 29, 2003, through American Recordings. Recorded at Warfield Theatre in San Francisco, California, on December 7, 2001, it is the band's second video album. The DVD's contents were announced by MTV on July 25, 2003. It is the last release by Slayer with drummer Paul Bostaph (before he came back in 2013), who left due to a chronic elbow injury. Bostaph was subsequently replaced by the original Slayer drummer Dave Lombardo. War at the Warfield was well received by critics, debuting at number three on the Billboard DVD chart, and sold over 7,000 copies in its first week. It was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for selling over 50,000 copies in the United States. It also won a 2003 Metal Edge Readers' Choice Award for DVD of the Year.

Will Waring

William Michael "Will" Waring is a camera operator and director, primarily for Stargate SG-1 and Stargate Atlantis.

He attended the Film Production course at the Theatre department of the University of British Columbia, where he developed the "WillyCam", a mechanical camera stabilisation device.

His signature as a camera operator and director is to subtly include a pineapple in scenes.Waring also worked as a camera operator on the film, "A Dog's Breakfast" which served as the directorial debut for British-born Canadian actor, David Hewlett.

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