The Cambridge Science Park, founded by Trinity College in 1970, is the oldest science park in the United Kingdom. It is a concentration of science and technology related businesses, and has strong links with the nearby University of Cambridge.
The science park is situated about 3 km to the north of Cambridge city centre, by junction 33 of the A14, in the parish of Milton, contiguous with Cambridge itself. The park is served by Cambridge North railway station and by the Cambridgeshire Guided Busway. It is directly adjacent to St John's Innovation Centre and Cambridge Business Park.
|Cambridge Science Park|
The main entrance to Cambridge Science Park
|Opening date||Autumn 1973|
|Owner||Trinity College, Cambridge, Trinity Hall, Cambridge|
|No. of tenants||90|
The land was originally given to Trinity College when the latter was founded by Henry VIII in 1546. The land was used for farming until the Second World War, when it was requisitioned by the US Army and used to prepare vehicles and tanks for D-Day. After the war, the land was left derelict until 1970, when, at the suggestion of Tony Cornell, and under the supervision of Sir John Bradfield, the college worked with Sir Francis Pemberton of Bidwells to develop it into a new centre for scientific enterprise and innovation.
In 2017, following decades of rapid expansion in Cambridge, the park appointed its first director and announced a large investment intended to improve facilities and reduce traffic congestion.
The Cambridge Fun Run is a charity race for Children in Need organised and mainly entered by employees of businesses based in and around the Science Park. It has been held each November since 1989. Contestants compete in teams of four, some in fancy dress, running either one lap (as a group) or four laps (as a relay) of the 1.8 km (1.1 mi) Science Park ring road. The race begins and ends, and medals and trophies are awarded (for fastest runners and best costumes) in front of the Cambridge Consultants building.
The A1309 is a short road (1.9 miles) which links the two ends of the A10 to north and south of Cambridge city centre in Cambridgeshire, England. It was numbered as part of the A10 prior to the construction of the Cambridge Western Bypass (now M11) and the Northern Bypass (originally A45, now A14).Its northern end is at the Milton Interchange with the A14 and A10. From here, it passes the Cambridge Science Park, the Cambridge Business Park, and the Cowley Road Park & Ride site, as Milton Road on its way to the Mitchams Corner gyratory complex just to the north of the city centre.
It is unmarked through the city centre, but reappears to the south on the route of the A1134 ring road named Trumpington Road which then becomes Trumpington High Street. In Trumpington, it has a junction with the A1301 and then passes the Trumpington Park & Ride site before its southern end at junction 11 of the M11 motorway and the A10.Alphamosaic
Alphamosaic Ltd was a UK semiconductor company specialising in low power mobile multimedia processors, based on their VideoCore architecture. Alphamosaic was founded as a spin out from Cambridge Consultants, by Robert Swann and Steve Barlow in 2000, supported by venture capital from Prelude Trust, ACT and TTP Ventures.
The technology centered round a novel 2D digital signal processor (DSP) architecture for low-power processing of video and images. It was used in consumer devices including phones from Samsung and the first Apple video iPod.
In September 2004, Alphamosaic was acquired by Broadcom for $123m, forming its Mobile Multimedia group on the Cambridge Science Park site.Bidwells
Bidwells LLP is a multi-disciplined firm of property and agribusiness consultants offering property services and consultancy in the U.K. Bidwells has 13 offices throughout the U.K, 9 of which are located in England and 4 in Scotland. Property Week ranks Bidwells in its Top 20 Property Consultants, making it largest independent property consultancy outside London.Cambridge
Cambridge ( KAYM-brij) is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately 50 miles (80 km) north of London. At the United Kingdom Census 2011, its population was 123,867 including 24,506 students. Cambridge became an important trading centre during the Roman and Viking ages, and there is archaeological evidence of settlement in the area as early as the Bronze Age. The first town charters were granted in the 12th century, although modern city status was not officially conferred until 1951.
The world-renowned University of Cambridge was founded in 1209. The buildings of the university include King's College Chapel, Cavendish Laboratory, and the Cambridge University Library, one of the largest legal deposit libraries in the world. The city's skyline is dominated by several college buildings, along with the spire of the Our Lady and the English Martyrs Church, the chimney of Addenbrooke's Hospital and St John's College Chapel tower. Anglia Ruskin University evolved from the Cambridge School of Art and the Cambridgeshire College of Arts and Technology has its main campus in the city.
Cambridge is at the heart of the high-technology Silicon Fen with industries such as software and bioscience and many start-up companies born out of the university. More than 40% of the workforce have a higher education qualification, more than twice the national average. The Cambridge Biomedical Campus, one of the largest biomedical research clusters in the world, is soon to house premises of AstraZeneca, a hotel and the relocated Papworth Hospital.Parker's Piece hosted the first ever game of association football. The Strawberry Fair music and arts festival and Midsummer Fairs are held on Midsummer Common, and the annual Cambridge Beer Festival takes place on Jesus Green. The city is adjacent to the M11 and A14 roads, and Cambridge station is less than an hour from London King's Cross railway station.Cambridge North railway station
Cambridge North railway station is a railway station located in the Cambridge suburb of Chesterton, close to Cambridge Science Park. The station is on the Fen Line, which runs from Cambridge to King's Lynn. It connects to the Cambridgeshire Guided Busway, and provides an interchange with Park & Ride and local bus services.
The station was approved in December 2013; construction commenced in July 2014; and it opened on 21 May 2017, delayed from December 2015.It has three platforms: platform 1 on the eastern side of the station serves southbound fast services to Cambridge and London King's Cross; platform 2 serves northbound services to Ely, King’s Lynn and Norwich; platform 3 is a south-facing bay serving semi-fast services to London Liverpool Street via Cambridge and Bishop's Stortford, and stopping services to London King's Cross via Cambridge and Stevenage.Cambridge Regional College
Cambridge Regional College is a mixed further education college in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England.Cambridgeshire Guided Busway
The Cambridgeshire Guided Busway, known locally as The Busway, connects Cambridge, Huntingdon and St Ives in the English county of Cambridgeshire. It is the longest guided busway in the world, overtaking the O-Bahn Busway in Adelaide, South Australia.Two guided sections make up 16 miles (25 km) of the route. The northern section, which uses the course of the Cambridge and Huntingdon railway, runs through the former stations of Oakington, Long Stanton and Histon. The southern section, which uses part of the former Varsity Line to Oxford, links Cambridge railway station, Addenbrooke's Hospital and the park and ride site at Trumpington, via housing on the Clay Farm site.
Services are operated by Stagecoach in Huntingdonshire and Whippet Coaches, which have exclusive use of the route for five years in exchange for providing a minimum service frequency between 07:00 and 19:00 each week day. Specially adapted buses are used: the bus driver does not need to hold the steering wheel on the guided sections of the busway. A total of 2,500,000 trips were made in the first year of operation.
Proposed initially in the 2001 Cambridge-Huntingdon Multi-Modal Study, which recommended widening of the A14 road and construction of a guided busway along the old railway lines, construction began in March 2007 and it was opened on 7 August 2011 after a succession of delays and cost overruns.The original cost estimate of £116 million rose to £181 million by December 2010. An independent review of the project was announced on 21 September 2010, in which the Cambridge MP Julian Huppert at the time described the busway as a "white elephant". A court case with BAM Nuttall, the main contractor, was settled by Cambridgeshire County Council in August 2013.FlexEnable
FlexEnable Ltd is a technology provider that develops flexible organic electronics. The company launched in 2015, and is located on the Cambridge Science Park, just north of Cambridge city centre.
In February 2015, Plastic Logic announced that the technology development and manufacturing parts of its enterprise would split into two independent companies . FlexEnable became the technology provider, working to drive innovation across flexible video-rate displays, flexible sensors and smart systems.
A week after this separation was made public, FlexEnable and Merck, a provider of liquid crystals and organic electronic materials, unveiled the first organic LCD (OLCD). Layering organic transistors on a plastic sheet instead of a glass substrate, this technology allows the development of thinner, lighter, shatterproof and low-cost displays. FlexEnable’s organic thin film transistor (OTFT) technology was combined with liquid crystal (LC) and organic semiconductor materials from Merck to create the OLCD demonstrator.
In June 2015, FlexEnable announced a partnership with Taiwanese display panel maker Chunghwa Picture Tube (CPT) to develop a process for the manufacture a fully flexible, full-colour, glass-free active-matrix organic light-emitting diode (AMOLED) display. This new display, which combines FlexEnable’s manufacturing method and CPT’s RBG (Red, Green and Blue) OLED technology, is 125 microns thick and operates at the full video rate of 60 Hz .
In September 2015 FlexEnable revealed the first conformed LCD in an integrated automotive application, with partner Flex. The demonstration showed how LCD (the most established display technology), can be applied to glass-free, ergonomically shaped displays in cars without incurring the cost and stability issues of flexible OLED .
In October 2015, FlexEnable completed work on a government project sponsored by Innovate UK to develop organic semiconductors . They used their industrial process for making flexible electronics in the construction of a proof of concept organic LCD display for the Printable Organic Semiconductors for Highly Enhanced Displays Project (PORSCHED). They also collaborated with another tech company Flexink, as well as Imperial College London and Cambridge University, on the project.
In January 2016, ISORG, a French developer of organic photodetectors, worked with FlexEnable to fabricate a large-area flexible fingerprint sensor, based on plastic . The companies claimed that the breakthrough has been designed for biometric applications, with the technology being able to measure fingerprints as well as veins.
In February 2016, FlexEnable revealed a wrist-worn, conformable OLCD for wearable applications that is based on the company’s flexible electronics platform .Frontier Developments
Frontier Developments plc is a British video game developer based at the Cambridge Science Park in Cambridge, England. Founded by David Braben in January 1994. It has produced several games in the Elite series, including 2014's Elite: Dangerous. A second studio, Frontier Developments Inc., was opened in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada in August 2012, headed by David Walsh as its president, and closed in January 2015. In 2013, the company reincorporated as a public limited company, and entered the stock market.John Bradfield
John Bradfield may refer to:
John Bradfield (engineer) (1867–1943), designer of the Sydney Harbour Bridge
John Ross Bradfield (1899–1983), businessman
John Bradfield (bishop) (died 1283), Bishop of Rochester
Sir John Bradfield (scientist) (1926–2014), founder of Cambridge Science ParkJohn Bradfield (scientist)
Sir John Richard Grenfell Bradfield, CBE (20 May 1925 – 13 October 2014) was a British biologist and entrepreneur, most famous for his role as the founder of Cambridge Science Park, the first Science Park in Europe.List of institutions of the University of Cambridge
The following are institutions that form part of the University of Cambridge.Napp Research Centre
The Napp Research Centre is a large medical research institute in the north of Cambridge, and innovative-looking and award-winning architecture; it is a Cambridge landmark.Newmarket, Suffolk
Newmarket is a market town in the English county of Suffolk, approximately 65 miles (105 kilometres) north of London. It is generally considered the birthplace and global centre of thoroughbred horse racing and a potential World Heritage Site. It is a major local business cluster, with annual investment rivalling that of the Cambridge Science Park, the other major cluster in the region. It is the largest racehorse training centre in Britain, the largest racehorse breeding centre in the country, home to most major British horseracing institutions, and a key global centre for horse health. Two Classic races, and an additional three British Champions Series races are held at Newmarket every year. The town has had close royal connections since the time of James I, who built a palace there, and was also a base for Charles I, Charles II, and most monarchs since. The current monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, visits the town often to see her horses in training.
Newmarket has over fifty horse training stables, two large racetracks, the Rowley Mile and the July Course, and one of the most extensive and prestigious horse training grounds in the world. The town is home to over 3,500 racehorses, and it is estimated that one in every three local jobs is related to horse racing. Palace House, the National Heritage Centre for Horseracing and Sporting Art, the National Horseracing Museum, Tattersalls racehorse auctioneers, and two of the world's foremost equine hospitals for horse health, are in the town, which is surrounded by over sixty horse breeding studs. On account of its leading position in the multibillion-pound horse racing and breeding industry, it is also a major export centre.Oxford Science Park
The Oxford Science Park (OSP) is a science and technology park located on the southern edge of the city of Oxford, England. It was officially opened in 1991 and is owned by Magdalen College, Oxford. The park maintains strong links with the nearby University of Oxford and currently contains just over 60 companies.Science park
A science park (also called a "university research park", "technology park”, “technopole", or a "science and technology park" (STP)) is defined as being a property-based development that accommodates and fosters the growth of tenant firms and that are affiliated with a university (or a government and private research bodies) based on proximity, ownership, and/or governance. This is so that knowledge can be shared, innovation promoted, and research outcomes progressed to viable commercial products.Silicon Fen
Silicon Fen (sometimes known as the Cambridge Cluster) is the name given to the region around Cambridge, England, which is home to a large cluster of high-tech businesses focusing on software, electronics and biotechnology. Many of these businesses have connections with the University of Cambridge, and the area is now one of the most important technology centres in Europe.
It is called "Silicon Fen" by analogy with Silicon Valley in California, because it lies at the southern tip of the English Fenland. The interest in technology in the area started with Acorn Computers.Solid-state lighting
Solid-state lighting (SSL) refers to a type of lighting that uses semiconductor light-emitting diodes (LEDs), organic light-emitting diodes (OLED), or polymer light-emitting diodes (PLED) as sources of illumination rather than electrical filaments, plasma (used in arc lamps such as fluorescent lamps), or gas.
The term "solid state" refers commonly to light emitted by solid-state electroluminescence, as opposed to incandescent bulbs (which use thermal radiation) or fluorescent tubes. Compared to incandescent lighting, SSL creates visible light with reduced heat generation and less energy dissipation. Most common "white" LEDs convert blue light from a solid-state device to an (approximate) white light spectrum using photoluminescence, the same principle used in conventional fluorescent tubes.
The typically small mass of a solid-state electronic lighting device provides for greater resistance to shock and vibration compared to brittle glass tubes/bulbs and long, thin filament wires. They also eliminate filament evaporation, potentially increasing the life span of the illumination device.
Solid-state lighting is often used in traffic lights and is also used frequently in modern vehicle lights, street and parking lot lights, train marker lights, building exteriors, remote controls etc. Controlling the light emission of LEDs may be done most effectively by using the principles of nonimaging optics.Solid-state lighting has made significant advances in industry. In the entertainment lighting industry, standard incandescent tungsten-halogen lamps are being replaced by solid-state light lighting fixtures.Trinity College, Cambridge
Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. With around 600 undergraduates, 300 graduates, and over 180 fellows, it is the largest college in either of the Oxbridge universities by number of undergraduates. In terms of total student numbers, it is second only to Homerton College, Cambridge.Members of Trinity have won 33 Nobel Prizes out of the 116 won by members of Cambridge University, the highest number of any college at either Oxford or Cambridge. Five Fields Medals in mathematics were won by members of the college (of the six awarded to members of British universities) and one Abel Prize was won.
Trinity alumni include six British prime ministers (all Tory or Whig/Liberal), physicists Isaac Newton, James Clerk Maxwell, Ernest Rutherford and Niels Bohr, mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan, the poet Lord Byron, historian Lord Macaulay, philosophers Ludwig Wittgenstein and Bertrand Russell (whom it expelled before reaccepting), and Soviet spies Kim Philby, Guy Burgess, and Anthony Blunt.
Two members of the British royal family have studied at Trinity and been awarded degrees as a result: Prince William of Gloucester and Edinburgh, who gained an MA in 1790, and Prince Charles, who was awarded a lower second class BA in 1970. Other royal family members have studied there without obtaining degrees, including King Edward VII, King George VI, and Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester.
Trinity has many college societies, including the Trinity Mathematical Society, which is the oldest mathematical university society in the United Kingdom, and the First and Third Trinity Boat Club, its rowing club, which gives its name to the college's May Ball. Along with Christ's, Jesus, King's and St John's colleges, it has also provided several of the well known members of the Apostles, an intellectual secret society.
In 1848, Trinity hosted the meeting at which Cambridge undergraduates representing private schools such as Westminster drew up the first formal rules of football, known as the Cambridge Rules.Trinity's sister college in Oxford is Christ Church. Like that college, Trinity has been linked with Westminster School since the school's re-foundation in 1560, and its Master is an ex officio governor of the school.