Calderdale

The Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire, England. It takes its name from the River Calder, whose upper part flows through the borough. Several small valleys contain tributaries of the River Calder. The population at the 2011 Census was 203,826.[5]

Calderdale covers part of the South Pennines and is the southern-most of the Yorkshire Dales, though it is not part of the Yorkshire Dales National Park. The borough was formed by the merger of six former local government districts, spanning, from east to west, the towns of Brighouse, Elland, Halifax, Sowerby Bridge, Hebden Bridge and Todmorden. Mytholmroyd, together with Hebden Bridge, forms Hebden Royd.

Halifax is the main commercial, cultural and administrative centre of the borough, with numerous high street chain stores, markets, central library, borough council offices, public transport hub, central police station and the further and higher education college, as well as other major local organisations. Calderdale is served by Calderdale Council, Calderdale's admin headquarters is in Halifax, with some council organisations based in Todmorden.

Borough of Calderdale
Motto(s): 
Industria Arte Prudentia
(Industry, skill and foresight)
Calderdale shown within West Yorkshire
Calderdale shown within West Yorkshire
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionYorkshire and the Humber
Metropolitan countyWest Yorkshire
Admin HQHalifax
Incorporated1974
Granted Unitary Status1986
Government
 • TypeMetropolitan Borough
 • Governing BodyCalderdale Council
 • LeadershipLeader & Cabinet
 • MayorCouncillor Ferman Ali (Labour)[1]
 • Leader of CouncilCllr Tim Swift (Labour)[2]
 • Chief ExecutiveRobin Tuddenham[3]
Area
 • Total140.5 sq mi (363.9 km2)
Population
 (2001 Census,
2007 population estimates; Religion statistics 2001)
 • Total200,100 (Ranked 86th)
 • Density1,400/sq mi (550/km2)
 • Ethnicity
91.1% White
6.8% S.Asian
1.0% Mixed Race
 • Religion[4]
69.6% Christian
16.4% No Religion
5.3% Muslim
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode areasHD, HX, OL
Dialling Codes01422 (central core)
01484 (Brighouse/Rastrick)
01706 (Todmorden area)
01274 (Shelf area)
ONS code00CY (ONS)
E08000033 (GSS)
Euro. Parlt. Const.Yorkshire & the Humber
Websitewww.calderdale.gov.uk

History

The Roman settlement of Cambodunum was probably located within Calderdale. A Roman fort has been excavated in Slack but its identity is not yet certain.

The borough was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of the then county borough of Halifax, the boroughs of Brighouse, Todmorden and the urban districts of Elland, Hebden Royd, Ripponden, Sowerby Bridge, part of Queensbury and Shelf urban district and Hepton Rural District.

Suburbs and villages

As well as the six towns, there are numerous villages and suburbs including:

Education

Two selective schools in Calderdale jointly administer an 11+ admissions exam: The Crossley Heath School, in Savile Park and North Halifax Grammar School in Illingworth.

Both schools achieve excellent GCSE and A-level results, achieving a large proportion of A* to C grades at GCSE level. In 2005 the Crossley Heath School was the highest ranking co-educational school in the north of England.

Calderdale College is a local further education college on Francis Street, in Halifax. In December 2006 it was announced that Calderdale College, in partnership with Leeds Metropolitan University, would open a new higher education institution in January 2007 called University Centre Calderdale.[6]

Local government

Northgate House from Beacon Hill Road - geograph.org.uk - 1215778
Northgate House in Halifax was the councils headquarters until it was put up for sale in 2013.
UK Calderdale
Signpost in Calderdale

The borough is divided into 17 wards and each is represented on the borough council by three councillors. Each councillor is normally elected on a first past the post basis for a four-year period which is staggered with the other councillors of that ward so that only one councillor per ward is up for election at any one time. Exceptions to this include by-elections and ward boundary changes.

The wards are:- Brighouse; Calder; Elland; Greetland and Stainland; Hipperholme and Lightcliffe; Illingworth and Mixenden; Luddendenfoot; Northowram and Shelf; Ovenden; Park; Rastrick; Ryburn; Skircoat; Sowerby Bridge; Todmorden; Town; and Warley.[7]

Mayors of Calderdale
  • 1974–75: Joseph Tolan
  • 1975–76: Mrs Kathleen M. Cawdry
  • 1976–77: Mrs Mona Ross Mitchell
  • 1977–78: Eric Dennett
  • 1978–79: Richard Deadman
  • 1979–80: Mrs Betty Wildsmith
  • 1980–81: Harry Wilson
  • 1981–82: Eric Whitehead
  • 1982–83: David Trevor Shutt
  • 1983–84: Kevin Gordon Lord
  • 1984–85: John Bradley
  • 1985–86: Thomas Lawler
  • 1986–87: David J. Fox
  • 1987–88: Wilfred Sharp
  • 1988–89: Albert Berry
  • 1989–90: Joseph Kneafsey
  • 1990–91: Joseph Tolan
  • 1991–92: Thomas J. McElroy
  • 1992–93: William C. A. Carpenter
  • 1993–94: Anthony D. J. Mazey
  • 1994–95: Stephen J. Pearson
  • 1995–96: Graham E. A. Reason
  • 1996–97: Dawn Neal
  • 1997: Susan Tucker
  • 1997–98: Alan Worth
  • 1998–99: Alan Worth
  • 1999–2000: Graham Hall
  • 2000–01: Peter Sephton Coles
  • 2001–02: Chris O'Connor
  • 2002–03: Patrick Phillips
  • 2003–04: Mrs Geraldine Carter
  • 2004–05: Olwen Jean Arlette Jennings
  • 2005–06: John Williamson
  • 2006–07: Colin Stout
  • 2007–08: Martin Peel
  • 2008–09: Conrad Winterburn
  • 2009–10: Arshad Mahmood
  • 2010: Ann McAllister
  • 2010-11: Keith Watson
  • 2011–12: Nader Fekri JP
  • 2012–13: John Hardy
  • 2013–14: Ann Martin
  • 2014–15: Pat Allen
  • 2015-16: Lisa Lambert
  • 2016-17: Howard Blagbrough
  • 2017-18: Ferman Ali
  • 2018-19: Marcus Thompson

Public services

Health

Calderdale is part of the Calderdale Primary Care Trust, South West Yorkshire NHS Foundation Trust and Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust. The borough has two hospitals and one hospice. The main hospital (part of Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust) is the Calderdale Royal Hospital, located on the main route to Huddersfield in Salterhebble. It has specialist departments: Calderdale's A&E department and the Calderdale Birth Centre.[8] The hospital was built and opened in 2001 on the site of the original Halifax General Hospital. After the new hospital opened, the Royal Halifax Infirmary closed and all services were transferred, as were services from Northowram Hospital. NHS Ambulance services are provided by the Yorkshire Ambulance Service. Overgate Hospice provides specialist palliative care for adults in Calderdale. Elland Hospital, Calderdale's only private hospital, is located by the Calderdale Way. Formerly BUPA Elland Independent Hospital, it is now owned and operated by Classic Hospitals.

Police

Calderdale is served by West Yorkshire Police; their Calderdale Division headquarters is at Halifax police station.[9] Other police stations are located in Todmorden[9] and at Brighouse, which has recently reopened.[10]

Fire and rescue

West Yorkshire Fire & Rescue covers Calderdale and it has six fire stations in the borough. These are located at Brighouse, Elland, King Cross (Halifax Fire Station), Mytholmroyd, Illingworth, and Todmorden.[11]

Libraries

Calderdale Libraries provides services through 22 local library branches, including a central library in Halifax, and also offer a home library service and digital library service.[12] In 2014, construction began on a new central library and archive building in Halifax, adjacent to the Piece Hall and the Square Chapel.[13][14][15] The new Central Library and Archive officially opened in September 2017.[16]

References

  1. ^ "The Mayoralty". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  2. ^ Council, Calderdale Metropolitan Borough (28 November 2003). "Introduction: Search for your councillor: Calderdale Council". calderdale.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  3. ^ https://www.halifaxcourier.co.uk/news/robin-tuddenham-to-take-over-as-new-calderdale-council-chief-executive-1-8532937
  4. ^ "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Local Authority population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
  6. ^ University Centre Calderdale Archived 8 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Ward profiles 2010". Calderdale Council. Archived from the original on 28 November 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  8. ^ Choices, N. H. S. "Overview - Calderdale Royal Hospital - NHS Choices". www.nhs.uk. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 May 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 March 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Libraries". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  13. ^ "Central Library and Archive incorporating steeple and ruins of Square Road Church (Amended Plans) | Former Square Road Church Burial Grounds Square Road Halifax Calderdale" (13/00671/LAA). portal.calderdale.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  14. ^ "Tour new central library and archive". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  15. ^ "Take extra care while work underway". News Centre - Official news site of Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  16. ^ "Our new Central Library opens – the next chapter!". News Centre - Official news site of Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 February 2018.

External links

Coordinates: 53°43′N 1°58′W / 53.72°N 1.97°W

1998 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

Elections to Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council were held on 7 May 1998. One third of the council was up for election and the Labour party kept overall control of the council.After the election, the composition of the council was

Labour 28

Conservative 13

Liberal Democrats 12

Independent 1

1999 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

Elections to Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council were held on 6 May 1999. One third of the council was up for election and the Labour party lost overall control of the council to no overall control. The overall turnout of the election was 30.09% (44,215 voters of an electorate of 146,944). The winning candidate in each ward is highlighted in bold.

After the election, the composition of the council was

Labour 20

Conservative 19

Liberal Democrats 14

Independent 1

2000 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

Elections to Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council were held on 4 May 2000. One third of the council was up for election and the Conservative party gained overall control of the council from no overall control. The total turnout of the election was 28.97% (40,190 voters of an electorate of 138,748). The winning candidate in each ward is highlighted in bold.

After the election, the composition of the council was

Conservative 28

Liberal Democrats 15

Labour 10

Independent 1

2002 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

Elections to Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council were held on 2 May 2002. One third of the council was up for election and the Conservative party lost overall control of the council to no overall control. The total turnout of the election was 32.16% (47,091 voters of an electorate of 146,407). The winning candidate in each ward is highlighted in bold.After the election, the composition of the council was

Conservative 25

Liberal Democrats 15

Labour 13

Independent 1

2003 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

Elections to Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council were held on 1 May 2003. One third of the council was up for election and the council stayed under no overall control. The total turnout of the election was 34.44% (47,601 voters of an electorate of 138,228). The winning candidate(s) in each ward is highlighted in bold.After the election, the composition of the council was

Conservative 25

Liberal Democrat 16

Labour 10

British National 2

Independent 1

2004 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

Elections to Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council were held on 10 June 2004. The whole council was up for election with boundary changes since the last election in 2003. The council stayed under no overall control with a minority Conservative administration.

2006 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

Elections to Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council were held on 4 May 2006. One third of the council was up for election and the council stayed under no overall control with a minority Conservative administration.

17 of the 51 seats were up for re-election. Although these are the results after the election, the number of seats per party changed later that year. Councillor Paul Rogan was returned by the Rastrick ward in this election for four years as a Conservative councillor and is included in the twenty Conservative seats shown below. However, after the 2006 election, he left the party and joined the English Democrats Party. Also this year, Councillor Nicholas Yates, who had been returned by the Brighouse ward in the 2004 election for four years and is included in the twenty Conservative seats shown below, left the party to continue his tenure as an Independent. This left the Conservatives with 18 seats, 1 held by the English Democrats and 4 held by Independents. In December 2006, Illingworth and Mixenden ward Councillor Tom McElroy (Labour) died suddenly, leaving Labour with nine seats. The by-election to succeed him took place on 22 February 2007, with Labour holding the ward.

2007 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

Elections to Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council were held on 3 May 2007 with the exception of the Warley ward which was postponed until 14 June 2007 due to the sudden death of one of the candidates. One third of the council was up for election and the council stayed under no overall control with a minority Conservative administration. The total turnout of the election was 38.01% (51,586 voters of an electorate of 135,729). The winning candidate in each ward is highlighted in bold.Brighouse Councillor Nick Yates, who had left the Conservative Party in 2006 to become an Independent, joined the Liberal Democrats in the summer of 2007.The table below summarises the results of the 2007 local government election. Each party is ordered by number of votes registered. 17 of the 51 seats were up for re-election.

2008 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

Elections to Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council were held on 1 May 2008. One third of the council was up for election and the council stayed under no overall control with a minority Conservative administration.

On 9 May, about a week after being elected as a Liberal Democrat, Greetland and Stainland Councillor Keith Watson left the Liberal Democrats and joined the Conservative Party.In 2009 the Skircoat Councillor Geoffrey Wainwright died suddenly. A by-election was held on 2 April 2009. The seat was held by the Conservative Party with John Hardy winning the seat.In June 2009 Elland Councillor Diane Park quit the Liberal Democrats due to the state of the party in the House of Commons. She continued as an independent.

2010 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2010 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 6 May 2010 to elect members of Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections and a general election. One councillor was elected in each ward for a four-year term so the councillors elected in 2010 last stood for election in 2006. Each ward is represented by three councillors, the election of which is staggered, so only one third of the councillors was elected in this election. After the election the council stayed in no overall control but the Conservative minority administration was replaced with a coalition between Labour and the Liberal Democrats.Brighouse Councillor Joyce Cawthra left the Conservative Party and became an Independent in December 2010 due to her not being selected by the party to stand in the next election.

2011 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

Elections to Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council took place on Thursday 5 May 2011.

There were 17 seats up for election, one third of the council. After the election the council continued to have no overall control and continue to be run by a coalition between the Labour Party and the Liberal Democrats.

During 2011 the Liberal Democrat councillor for the Warley Ward Robert Pearson left the Liberal Democrats and spent the remainder of his time on the council as an Independent Liberal Democrat. Councillor Tom Bates of the BNP left the party and continued his term as an independent councillor.

2012 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2012 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 3 May 2012 to elect members of Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council in West Yorkshire, England. This was on the same day as other 2012 United Kingdom local elections. After the election the council continued to have no overall control and continue to be run by a coalition between the Labour Party and the Liberal Democrats.

The Warley Councillor Keith Hutson stepped down in 2012 due to health reasons. A by-election was held on 19 July 2012. The seat was held by the Liberal Democrats with James Baker winning the seat.In this year Councillor Nader Fekri for Calder ward defected to Labour from the Liberal Democrats in 2012 saying that he could no longer support the coalition in the national parliament with the Conservatives.In April 2013 the coalition between Labour and the Liberal Democrats collapsed as Labour pulled out over disagreements over benefit cuts. Labour continued to run the council as a minority administration.

2014 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2014 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 22 May 2014 to elect members of Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council in England. This was on the same day as local elections across the United Kingdom and a European election. One councillor was elected in each of the 17 wards for a four-year term. There are three councillors representing each ward elected on a staggered basis so one third of the councillor seats were up for re-election. The seats had previously been contested in 2010 which was held in conjunction with a general election. The turnout was significantly lower in 2014 than in 2010 which is not unusual when comparing local elections that coincide with general elections to ones that do not. Prior to the election Labour was the largest party in the council with 21 out of 51 seats, 5 seats short of an overall majority. After the election there was no overall control of the council. Labour had 25 seats, only one short of a majority and so Labour continued to operate a minority administration.

In July 2014 a vote of no confidence was taken about the Labour minority administration. A surprise victory for the motion led to the Conservatives forming a minority administration.All of the percentage changes in the tables below are expressed in relation to the election results in 2010 when the same candidates were up for election. The swings & changes are often smaller when compared to the election of the previous & subsequent councillors in the same wards in the 2012 & 2015 elections.

2015 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2015 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 7 May 2015 to elect members of Calderdale in England. This was on the same day as other local elections and a general election. One councillor was elected in each ward for a four-year term so the councillors elected in 2015 last stood for election in 2011. Each ward is represented by three councillors, the election of which is staggered, so only one third of the councillors were elected in this election. Before the election there was no overall control with a minority Labour administration which was over-ruled at a Budget vote by a coalition of Conservatives & Liberal Democrats leading to a Conservative minority administration. After the election there was still no overall control & a Labour minority administration was formed again.

2016 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2016 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 5 May 2016 to elect members of Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections. One councillor was elected in each ward for a four-year term so the councillors elected in 2016 last stood for election in 2012. Each ward is represented by three councillors, the election of which is staggered, so only one third of the councillors was elected in this election. Before the election there was no overall control with a minority Labour administration. After the election there was still no overall control so the minority Labour administration continued.

In July 2016 Councillor Rob Holden of Ryburn Ward was suspended from the Conservative Party after he made a request for an independent financial audit of the Calder Valley Conservative Association. This led to a criminal investigation into the financial irregularities at the association. He retained his seat on the council as an independent.

A by-election was held on 6 April 2017 in the Hipperholme and Lightcliffe ward after the sudden death of Councillor Graham Hall in January 2017. The seat was held by the Conservative Party with George Robinson winning the seat.By-elections were held on 8 June 2017 in the Rastrick ward and Todmorden ward after the resignation of Rastrick Councillor Lynne Mitchell and Todmorden Councillor Jayne Booth. Rastrick ward was held by the Conservative Party with the election of Sophie Whittaker and Todmorden ward was held by the Labour Party with the election of Carol Machell.In April 2018 Councillor Mike Payne of Sowerby Bridge Ward was suspended from the Conservative Party pending an investigation by the party after it was discovered that he had shared an article on Twitter in 2013 which called Muslims "parasites". He was not investigated by Calderdale Council as he was not a councillor at the time of the Tweets. He retained his seat on the council as an independent Conservative. He was later reinstated into the party.

2018 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2018 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 3 May 2018 to elect members of Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections. One councillor was elected in each ward for a four-year term so the councillors elected in 2018 last stood for election in 2014. Each ward is represented by three councillors, the election of which is staggered, so only one third of the councillors were elected in this election. Before the election there was no overall control with a minority Labour administration. Following the election Labour, having gained one councillor, was still two councillors away from a majority so it remained no overall control.

Independent Conservative Councillor Mike Payne of Sowerby Bridge Ward, who was suspended from the Conservative Party in April 2018, was reinstated into the party during this election cycle.

2019 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2019 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 2 May 2019 to elect members of Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections. One councillor was elected in each ward for a four-year term so the councillors elected in 2019 last stood for election in 2015. Each ward is represented by three councillors, the election of which is staggered, so only one third of the councillors were elected in this election. Before the election there was no overall control with a minority Labour administration. Following the election Labour, having gained four councillors, took control of the council with an overall majority of five seats.

Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council elections

One third of Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council in West Yorkshire, England is elected each year, followed by one year without election.

Halifax, West Yorkshire

Halifax ( HAL-ih-faks) is a minster town in the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale in West Yorkshire, England. Historically in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the town has been a centre of woollen manufacture from the 15th century onward, originally dealing through the Piece Hall. Halifax is known for Mackintosh's chocolate and toffee products including Rolo and Quality Street. The Halifax Bank was also founded and is still headquartered in Halifax. Dean Clough, one of the largest textile factories in the world at more than 1⁄2 mile (800 m) long, was in the north of the town. The premises have since been converted for office and retail use including a gym, theatre, Travelodge and radio station.

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