Cadillac

Cadillac /ˈkædɪlæk/ is a division of the American automobile manufacturer General Motors (GM) that designs and builds luxury vehicles. Its major markets are the United States, Canada, and China. Cadillac vehicles are distributed in 34 additional markets worldwide. Cadillac automobiles are at the top of the luxury field within the United States.[2] In 2017, Cadillac's U.S. sales were 156,440 vehicles and its global sales were 356,467 vehicles.[3]

Cadillac is among the first automobile brands in the world, second in the United States only to fellow GM marque Buick. The firm was founded from the remnants of the Henry Ford Company in 1902.[4] It was named after Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, who founded Detroit, Michigan. The Cadillac crest is based on his coat of arms.

By the time General Motors purchased the company in 1909, Cadillac had already established itself as one of America's premier luxury carmakers. The complete interchangeability of its precision parts had allowed it to lay the foundation for the modern mass production of automobiles. It was at the forefront of technological advances, introducing full electrical systems, the clashless manual transmission and the steel roof. The brand developed three engines, with its V8 setting the standard for the American automotive industry.

Cadillac was the first American car to win the Royal Automobile Club of the United Kingdom's Dewar Trophy by successfully demonstrating the interchangeability of its component parts during a reliability test in 1908; this spawned the firm's slogan "Standard of the World". It won the trophy again in 1912 for incorporating electric starting and lighting in a production automobile.[5]

Cadillac Motor Car Division
Division
IndustryAutomotive
PredecessorHenry Ford Company
FoundedAugust 22, 1902 in Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
Founder
Headquarters
Warren, Michigan, United States
Area served
United States, Canada, Mexico, Europe, Middle East (excl. Iran and Syria), China, South Korea, Japan
Key people
Steve Carlisle, President, Cadillac
ProductsLuxury vehicles
OwnerGeneral Motors
Websitewww.cadillac.com
Footnotes / references
[1]

Early history

Founding

Cadillac was formed from the remnants of the Henry Ford Company. After a dispute between Henry Ford and his investors, Ford left the company along with several of his key partners in March 1902. Ford's financial backers William Murphy and Lemuel Bowen called in engineer Henry M. Leland of Leland & Faulconer Manufacturing Company to appraise the plant and equipment in preparation for liquidating the company's assets. Instead, Leland persuaded the pair to continue manufacturing automobiles using Leland's proven single-cylinder engine. A new company called the Cadillac Automobile Company was established on 22 August 1902, re-purposing the Henry Ford Company factory at Cass Street and Amsterdam Avenue. It was named after French explorer Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, who had founded Detroit in 1701.[6][7]

First automobiles

Cadillac's first automobiles, the Runabout and Tonneau, were completed in October 1902. They were two-seat horseless carriages powered by a 10 hp (7 kW) single-cylinder engine. They were practically identical to the 1903 Ford Model A. Many sources state that the first car rolled out of the factory on 17 October; in the book Henry Leland – Master of Precision, the date is 20 October; another reliable source shows car number three to have been built on 16 October. Cadillac displayed the new vehicles at the New York Auto Show in January 1903, where the vehicles impressed the crowds enough to gather over 2,000 firm orders. Cadillac's biggest selling point was precision manufacturing, and therefore, reliability; a Cadillac was simply a better-made vehicle than its competitors.

Runabout
Cadillac Model A 1902 (6829591487)

1902

Cadillac 1904 6.5 HP Rear-entrance tonneau on London to Brighton VCR 2010

6½ HP 1904

Cadillac K (1907) at Autoworld Brussels (8394291773)

1907

Cadillac Model K Runabout (6037133022)

1907

1908 Cadillac Model S runabout (6105143017)

1908 with dickey seat open

Rear-entrance tonneau
Cadi-1903

1903

Cadillac 1903 Rear Entrance Tonneau Auto on London to Brighton Veteran Car Run 2009

6½ HP 1903

Cadillac 1904 8.25 HP Tonneau on London to Brighton VCR 2010

8¼ HP 1904

Cadillac 1904 Tonneau on London to Brighton VCR 2010

8¼ HP surrey-top 1904

Cadillac 1904 10HP Tonneau on London to Brighton VCR 2013

10 HP 1904

Special bodies
Cadillac Special Delivery 19040220

Delivery 1903

Cadillac 1904 8.25 HP tonneau on London to Brighton VCR 2010

8½ HP touring car 1904

Cadillac 1904 8.25 HP Detachable-Top Limousine on London to Brighton VCR 2010 15-39-05

8¼ HP Detachable-top limousine 1904

Cadillac 1904 9HP Limousine on London to Brighton VCR 2010 15-52-37

9 HP limousine

Cadillac 1907 Model M Coupe

Model M Coupé 1907

Notable events: 1906–1912

The Cadillac Automobile Company merged with Leland & Faulconer Manufacturing, forming The Cadillac Motor Company in 1905.[8]

From its earliest years, Cadillac aimed for precision engineering and stylish luxury finishes, causing its cars to be ranked amongst the finest in the United States.

Cadillac was the first volume manufacturer of a fully enclosed car, in 1906. Cadillac participated in the 1908 interchangeability test in the United Kingdom, and was awarded the Dewar Trophy for the most important advancement of the year in the automobile industry. In 1912, Cadillac was the first automobile manufacturer to incorporate an electrical system enabling starting, ignition, and lighting.[9][10]

Acquired by General Motors: 1909

Cadillac was purchased by the General Motors (GM) conglomerate in 1909.[11] Cadillac became General Motors' prestige division, devoted to the production of large luxury vehicles. The Cadillac line was also GM's default marque for "commercial chassis" institutional vehicles, such as limousines, ambulances, hearses and funeral home flower cars, the last three of which were custom-built by aftermarket manufacturers.

It became positioned at the top of GM's vehicle hierarchy, above Buick, Oldsmobile, Oakland, and later, Chevrolet.

The Origins of Cadillac Becoming the "Standard of the World": 1915–1941

In 1915, Cadillac introduced a 90-degree flathead V8 engine with 70 horsepower (52 kW) at 2400 rpm and 180 pound force-feet (240 N⋅m) of torque, allowing its cars to attain 65 miles per hour (105 km/h).[10] This was faster than most roads could accommodate at this time. Cadillac pioneered the dual-plane V8 crankshaft in 1918. In 1928 Cadillac introduced the first clashless Synchro-Mesh manual transmission, utilizing constant mesh gears. In 1930 Cadillac implemented the first V-16 engine, with a 45-degree overhead valve, 452 cubic inches (7.41 litres), and 165 horsepower (123 kW), one of the most powerful and quietest engines in the United States. The development and introduction of the V8, V16 and V-12 helped to make Cadillac the "Standard of the World".[10] A later model of the V8 engine, with overhead valves, set the standard for the entire American automotive industry in 1949.[10]

Cadillac adv 1921
A 1921 Cadillac advertisement

In July 1917, the United States Army needed a dependable staff car and chose the Cadillac Type 55 Touring Model after exhaustive tests on the Mexican border. 2,350 of the cars were supplied for use in France by officers of the American Expeditionary Force in World War I.[12]

General Motors of Canada had built Cadillacs from 1923 until 1936 and LaSalles from 1927 until 1935.[13]

Pre-World War II Cadillacs were well-built, powerful, mass-produced luxury cars aimed at an upper-class market. In the 1930s, Cadillac added cars with V12 and V16 engines to their range, many of which were fitted with custom coach-built bodies.[14]

In 1926, Cadillac recruited automobile stylist Harley Earl in a one-time consulting capacity, but his employment lasted considerably longer: by 1928, Earl was the head of the new Art and Color division and he would ultimately work for GM until he retired, over 30 years later. The first car he designed was the LaSalle, a new, smaller "companion marque" car, named after another French explorer and founder of Detroit, René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle. That marque remained in production until 1940.[15]

Cadillac introduced designer-styled bodywork (as opposed to auto-engineered) in 1927. It installed shatter-resistant glass in 1926. Cadillac also introduced the "turret top", the first all-steel roof on a passenger car.[10] Previously, car roofs had been made out of fabric-covered wood.

The Great Depression sapped the auto industry generally, with the luxury market declining more steeply; between 1928 and 1933, Cadillac sales declined by 84% to 6,736 vehicles.[16] Exacerbating sales performance for the Cadillac brand was a policy, reflective of the times, which discouraged sales to African Americans.[17] Nick Dreystadt, mechanic and national head of Cadillac service, urged a committee – set up to decide whether the Cadillac brand would live on – to revoke that policy. After the policy was eliminated, brand sales increased by 70% in 1934 – and Dreystadt was promoted to lead the entire Cadillac Division.[17]

By 1940, Cadillac sales had risen tenfold compared to 1934.[14] In 1936, Dreystadt released the Series 60 as Cadillac's entry into the mid-priced vehicle market. It was replaced by the Series 61 in 1939, but a popular model that was derived from it, the Sixty Special, continued through 1993. Another factor helped boost Cadillac growth over the next few years: a revolution in assembly line technology. In 1934, Henry F. Phillips introduced the Phillips screw and screwdriver to the market. He entered into talks with General Motors and convinced the Cadillac group that his new screws would speed assembly times and therefore increase profits. Cadillac was the first automaker to use the Phillips technology, in 1937, which was widely adopted in 1940.[18] For the first time in many years all cars built by the company shared the same basic engine and drivetrain in 1941.[19]

1941 also saw introduction of optional Hydra-Matic, the first mass-produced fully automatic transmission, offered the previous year on the Oldsmobile.

1910-cadillac-archives

1910 Cadillac Model S

1921 Cadillac Suburban

1921 Cadillac Suburban

1929-cadillac-archives

1929 Cadillac

Cadillac.fleetwood.v8.arp.750pix

1929 Cadillac Fleetwood

'31 Cadillac Phaeton (Auto classique Salaberry-De-Valleyfield '11)

1931 Cadillac Phaeton

1932 Cadillac 355B V8 Sedan

1932 Cadillac 355B V8 Sedan

1936 Cadillac Series 70 4 door Convertible V8

1936 Cadillac Series 70 4 door Convertible V8

Cadillac V8 Sedan

1939 Cadillac Series 75 town car

1940 Cadillac 90

1940 Cadillac 90 Town Car

After World War II & The Great Depression: 1945–1959

Cadillac 1948
1948 Cadillac
1959 Cadillac fins
The iconic large tail fins of the 1959 Cadillac

Postwar Cadillac vehicles innovated many of the styling features that came to be synonymous with the late 1940s and 1950s American automobile. Incorporating many of the ideas of then General Motors styling chief Harley J. Earl, these included tailfins, wraparound windshields, and extensive use of chrome.

Tailfins were first added in 1948[10] and reached their pinnacle in 1959. From 1960 to 1964 they decreased each year until they disappeared in the 1965 model year (remaining vestigialy only on the limited production 1965 Series 75 chassis, a carry-over from 1964).

Cadillac's other distinctive styling attribute was its front-bumper. What had started out after the war as a pair of artillery shell-shaped bumper guards[20] moved higher on the front-end design as the 1950s wore on. Becoming known as Dagmar bumpers for their similarity to the buxom 1950s television personality, they were toned down in 1958 and gone the next year. 1956 saw the introduction of the pillarless four-door hardtop sedan, marketed as the "Sedan de Ville"; a year later the feature appeared in all standard Cadillacs. The fledgling automotive magazine Motor Trend awarded its first "Motor Trend Car of the Year" to Cadillac in 1949 for its innovative overhead valve V8 engine. While the company initially snubbed the honor, it now proudly references its "Car of the Year" wins in publicity material.[21][22] On November 25, 1949, Cadillac produced its one-millionth car, a 1950 Coupe de Ville.[23] It also set a new sales mark of 100,000 cars,[23] matched in 1950 and 1951.[24] 1949 also saw the introduction with Buick of the first mass-produced hardtop coupe, a closed-body style without a "B" pillar. Marketed as the Coupe de Ville, it would become one of Cadillac's most popular models for many years.

In 1951, Cadillac began production of the M41 Walker Bulldog army tank, which saw service in the Korean and Vietnam wars.

In 1953, the "Autronic Eye" was introduced. This feature would automatically dim high-beam headlamps for the safety of oncoming motorists.[25] In 1957, Cadillac attempted to move further upmarket, creating the hand-built Series 70 Eldorado Brougham.[26] It featured self-levelling suspension, "memory seat" function, and an all-transistor signal-seeking car radio that was produced by GM's Delco Radio and which was available as standard equipment for the 1957 Eldorado Brougham models.[20][27][28][29] While the car showed Cadillac's technological prowess, it only sold 904 units.

Cadillac Eldoradio Brougham all-transistor car radio-1957 dash
Cadillac Eldorado Brougham all-transistor car radio-1957 dash
INSTALLING TRANSMISSION ON THE CADILLAC ASSEMBLY LINE - NARA - 549720
Installing a transmission on a Cadillac in Wayne, Michigan, 1973

Pinnacles in Luxury & Dimension: 1960–1976

The dual-reservoir brake master cylinder, with separate front and rear hydraulic systems, was introduced in 1962, six years ahead of the Federal requirement. The first fully automatic heater-air conditioning system also appeared, as did the three-speed Turbo-Hydramatic automatic transmission; it would become the GM standard model for several decades. From the late 1960s, Cadillac offered a fiber-optic warning system to alert the driver to failed light bulbs. The use of extensive bright-work on the exterior and interior also decreased each year after 1959. By the 1966 model year, even the rear bumpers ceased to be all chrome – large portions were painted, including the headlight bezels.

In 1966, Cadillac had its best annual sales yet, over 192,000 units (142,190 of them de Villes),[30] an increase of more than 60%.[31] This was exceeded in 1968, when Cadillac topped 200,000 units for the first time.[32] 1967 and 1968 saw the introduction of a host of federally mandated safety features, including energy-absorbing steering columns and wheels, soft interior and instrument panel knobs and surfaces, front shoulder belts, and side marker lights.

The front-wheel-drive Eldorado was launched in 1967, setting a new standard for a personal luxury car. Its simple, elegant design was a far cry from the tailfin and chrome excesses of the 1950s. Cadillac's success grew against rivals Lincoln and Imperial, which had division sales topping all of Chrysler for the first time in 1970.[33] The new 472 cu in (7.7 l) engine that debuted in the 1968 model year, designed for an ultimate capacity potential of 600 cu in (9.8 l),[34] was increased to 500 cu in (8.2 l) for the 1970 Eldorado. It was adopted across the model range beginning in 1975. Driver and front passenger airbags ("Air Cushion Restraint System") began to be offered on some Cadillac, as well as other Buick and Oldsmobile luxury models, in 1974, however this option was unpopular as was discontinued after the 1976 model year. The pillarless Coupe deVille ended with the 1973 model, while the Sedan deVille remained pillarless through 1976.

The 1970s saw new extremes in vehicle luxury and dimension. The 1972 Fleetwood was some 1.7 in (43 mm) longer in wheelbase and 4 in (100 mm) overall, compared to the 1960 Series 75 Fleetwood; the entry-level 1972 Calais was 2.4 in (61.0 mm) longer than the equivalent 1960 Series 62, on the same wheelbase.[35] Models gained a smoother ride while vehicle weight, standard equipment, and engine displacement were all increased. Cadillac experienced record sales in 1973 and again in the late 1970s. In May 1975, the Seville was introduced as a competitor to the growing import luxury car market and was marketed as "international size".

Downsizings & New Technology-Assisted Luxury Features: 1977–1988

In 1977, Cadillac's D-bodies experienced the same "downsizing" as the rest of GM's "B" and "C" bodied cars. DeVille models lost hundreds of pounds, received smaller exterior dimensions and engines, but gained taller windows. With these downsizings, fuel economy and handling improved. In 1979, Cadillac's flagship Eldorado coupe would downsize.

The 1980s saw a downsizing of many models including the DeVille, Fleetwood, Eldorado, and Seville. 1980 saw a dramatic redesign for the Seville featuring a bustle-back rear-end styling theme and a move to a front-wheel-drive chassis which it shared with the Eldorado. In 1982, the Cimarron was introduced as the brand's first compact car. 1985 saw the new front-wheel-drive DeVille and Fleetwood models released after quality delays prevented a planned 1984 model year introduction. 1986 saw new downsized Eldorado and Seville models. In 1987, the all-new Pininfarina-bodied Allante roadster came to market featuring the HT-4100 V8 engine. The Sixty Special returned in 1987 as the top owner-driven Cadillac in the front-wheel-drive GM C-body lineup, with a planned production run of just 2,000 cars. The 1987 and 1988 Sixty Specials were unique, custom-crafted automobiles, which featured a five-inch (127 mm) longer wheelbase over the DeVille/Fleetwood on which they were based. Similarly equipped to the standard-size Fleetwood d'Elegance - the model on which it was based - the Sixty Special also included an anti-lock braking system (a $925 Fleetwood option) and a stainless-steel exhaust system not available on other Cadillacs. In 1987, the Sixty Special carried a base price of $34,850 - more than $8,700 over the price of the Fleetwood d'Elegance. Also, 1987 brought the closure of Detroit Assembly on Clark Street in Detroit, where Cadillacs had been made since 1921.

The 1980s also saw the introduction of new, technology-assisted luxury features. Among these was the return of the memory seat option, not available since the 1958 Eldorado Brougham. 1981 brought standard digital heating and air conditioning controls to all models. In 1982, the High Technology engine was introduced. It was originally scheduled for a 1983 release, later delayed to 1985, with its intended applications being the downsized front-wheel drive models that Cadillac would introduce that year. 1983 saw the introduction of the Delco/Bose stereo system option, an USD$895 cassette stereo system available only on the Eldorado and Seville. This Bose system would eventually become available on the DeVille and Fleetwood models on their 1985 FWD editions. The Trip Computer, available for Eldorado in 1979 and Seville in 1978 and 1979, was replaced in 1981 with the availability of digital instrumentation with some Trip Computer functions being replaced by the new digital heating and air conditioning control panel. Digital instrumentation would become available for the new FWD DeVille and Fleetwood series in 1985.

New Introductions: 1989–1999

In 1991, Cadillac introduced the Northstar engine, which were a family of high-performance 90° V engines produced by General Motors from 1991 to 2010. Regarded as GM's most technically complex engine, the original double overhead cam, four valve per cylinder, aluminum block/aluminum head V8 design was developed by Oldsmobile's R&D, but is most associated with Cadillac's Northstar series. The related Northstar System was Cadillac's trademarked name for a package of performance features introduced in mid-1992 that coupled variable valve timing, road sensing suspension, variable power steering, and 4-wheel disc brakes to the Division's high-output and high-torque Northstar engines.

For 1992, the Seville was redesigned to better compete with luxury performance sedans from Europe and had adopted some styling cues from the 1988 Cadillac Voyage concept car.[36] It also made Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list that year. A year later, the Brougham was discontinued and replaced by the all-new rear-wheel drive 1993 Fleetwood. The previous front-wheel drive Fleetwood was renamed Sixty Special for 1993. That same year, the Coupe deVille was discontinued due to the declining popularity of full-size coupes.

For 1994, the DeVille was redesigned to share the K-body platform with the Seville. The body was redesigned, although the wheelbase remained 113.8 inches—rather than the 111 inches used on the Seville. Production moved to Hamtramck, Michigan. Also for 1994, all DeVille models included a standard SRS driver-side front airbag, as well as fully digital instrumentation with integrated message center, which provided important vehicle information and status, current speed, outside temperature, and more, with controls mounted to the left of the instrument cluster. Also standard was a dual-zone front HVAC system, with controls located to the right of the instrument cluster, and remote controls on the front passenger door panel. A SRS passenger's-side front airbag became standard equipment after a restyling in 1996, which also brought revised exterior styling and new audio systems with TheftLock coded anti-theft technology. In 1995, the High Technology engine that had been used in Cadillacs since 1982 was discontinued.

For 1997, the Catera mid-size sedan was introduced as Cadillac's new entry level model. The DeVille was also redesigned that year. The late 1990s saw Cadillac field its first ever entry in the growing SUV segment. The Escalade, introduced in 1999, was marketed to compete with the Lincoln Navigator and luxury SUVs from various import brands.

The Art and Science era: 2000–present

In 2000, Cadillac introduced a new design philosophy for the 21st century called "Art and Science",[37] which it states "incorporates sharp, sheer forms and crisp edges – a form vocabulary that expresses bold, high-technology design and invokes the technology used to design it." This new design language spread from the original CTS and to the Cadillac XLR roadster. Cadillac's model lineup mostly includes rear- and all-wheel-drive sedans, roadsters, crossovers and SUVs. The only exceptions were the front-wheel drive Cadillac BLS (which was not sold in North America)[38] and the Cadillac DTS, neither of which are still in production. In 2005, the Cadillac STS was introduced as the successor to the Cadillac Seville,.[39] which beginning in 1988 was available as an upscale performance-oriented STS (for Seville Touring Sedan) version, and comfort-oriented SLS (for Seville Luxury Sedan). The following year, STS received Cadillac's then-new Northstar System, including the aluminium DOHC L37 Northstar V8 engine.

The STS was Cadillac's highest-priced sedan, falling in size between the mid-size CTS and full-size DTS. In 2006, the DeVille nameplate was replaced by Cadillac DTS, an abbreviation dating back to 1986, when a "DeVille Touring Sedan" package was first available. The new name brought the DeVille into line with Cadillac's Art & Science-era nomenclature, which saw the Seville renamed to STS and the Catera replacement called the CTS. The last DeVille rolled off the Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly line on June 23, 2005.

The new second-generation CTS-V performance sedan was introduced in 2009 as a direct competitor to the BMW M5.[40] Powered by a supercharged OHV 6.2 L LSA V-8 engine, an automatic version of the CTS-V lapped the Nürburgring in 7:59.32, at the time a record for production sedans.[41] The last DTS rolled off the assembly line at 11:51 a.m. on May 27, 2011.[42]

In 2016, the Cadillac CT6 was introduced and was the brand's first full-size rear-wheel drive sedan since the discontinuation of the Fleetwood in 1996. In early 2017, Cadillac launched Book By Cadillac, a vehicle subscription service which was initially available in New York City. In November 2017, it was announced that Book by Cadillac would be expanding to Dallas and Los Angeles.

Models

Current

  • Escalade
    • 1999–present Escalade
    • 2003–present Escalade ESV
  • CTS
    • 2003–present CTS Sedan
    • 2004–present CTS-V Sedan
  • ATS
  • 2013–present XTS
  • 2016–present CT6
  • 2017–present XT5
  • 2019–present XT4

Future

2014 Canadian International AutoShow 0211 (12646138553)

Cadillac ATS Coupe

Cadillac ATS in Red at NAIAS 2012

Cadillac ATS Sedan

Cadillac ATS-L China 2016-04-04

Cadillac ATS-L (China)

SLY 5733 (15215547273)

Cadillac ATS-V

SLY 5740 (15811335906)

Cadillac ATS-V.R

SLY 5735 (15649834087)

Cadillac ATS-V

Cadillac CT6 01 China 2016-04-10

Cadillac CT6

Cadillac CTS 2.0 Turbo Luxury (III) – Frontansicht, 5. September 2015, Düsseldorf

Cadillac CTS

2015-03-03 Geneva Motor Show 5826

Cadillac CTS-V

Cadillac Escalade IV 01 China 2015-04-14

Cadillac Escalade

Cadillac Escalade ESV 2016

Cadillac Escalade ESV

Cadillac XT4 (27264154838) (cropped)

Cadillac XT4

Cadillac XT5 01 China 2016-04-16

Cadillac XT5

Cadillac XTS facelift 01 China 2018-03-28

Cadillac XTS

Assembly plants

Additionally, Russian company Avtotor assembles the Cadillac CTS and Cadillac Escalade under license in Kaliningrad.[43]

Advertisements

A 1906 Cadillac advertisement, August 1906

Cadillac 1911-0131

A 1911 Cadillac advertisement: "Only the Good Endures" – Syracuse Post-Standard, 31 January 1911

Cadillac 1917-0930

A 1917 Cadillac advertisement: "Style, Utility, Comfort" – Syracuse Herald, 30 September 1917

Cadillac 1919-1019

A 1919 Cadillac advertisement: Phaeton, 4-passenger touring – Syracuse Herald, 30 September 1917

Cadillac 1921-0707 logo

1921 logo

Caddynew

Logo used 2003–14

Awards

Cadillac has won the Motor Trend Car of the Year award five times:[22] [44]

1949 Cadillac Motor Division - for innovations in overhead valve V8 engine design
1952 Cadillac Motor Division
1992 Cadillac Seville Touring Sedan
2008 Cadillac CTS
2014 Cadillac CTS

Motorsport

Cadillac Racing Logo
The Cadillac racing logo

Before the outbreak of World War II, Cadillac (like most manufacturers) participated in various types of motorsport. Many Allard automobiles used Cadillac engines.

In the 1950s, Cadillac (like all American manufacturers at the time) participated in the NASCAR Grand National Series. The brand disappeared from the series by the 1960s.

Cadillac powered the Cadillac Northstar LMP a Le Mans Prototype in the early years of the American Le Mans Series from 2000 to 2002. When the prototype proved unsuccessful, Cadillac withdrew from the series. Cadillac's most successful venture into motorsport in recent years has been its use of the CTS-V in the SCCA World Challenge Grand Touring class.

See also

References

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  2. ^ Rick Kranz (30 November 2011). "Cadillac Develops New Strategy In Europe". Automotive News. Retrieved 27 December 2011.
  3. ^ "Cadillac Global Sales Rise 15.5 Percent in 2017". Media.cadillac.com. 2018-01-05. Retrieved 2018-01-05.
  4. ^ General Motors (1954). "Cars That Built GM: An Album of Historic General Motors Cars" (PDF). p. 8,12. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
  5. ^ General Motors (1954). "Cars That Built GM: An Album of Historic General Motors Cars" (PDF). p. 10,12,14,16. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Cadillac, Antoine de la Mothe, Sieur de". S9.com. 11 September 2007. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  7. ^ Granzo T History of Detroit
  8. ^ "Cadillac: A Century of Excellence" by Rob Leicester Wagner (ISBN 978-1-58663-168-0)
  9. ^ Nazario (17 May 2012). "The Continual Innovation and History of Cadillac". GearHeads. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d e f Laam, Michael (January 2002). "100 Years of Cadillac History". Popular Mechanics. Archived from the original on 27 January 2010.
  11. ^ "1909, Cadillac Enters the Fold". Generations of GM History. GM Heritage Center. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
  12. ^ Bentley, John The Old Car Book, Fawcett Books (1952) p 12
  13. ^ GM Heritage Center, http://history.gmheritagecenter.com/wiki/index.php/Canada_Only_General_Motors_Cars
  14. ^ a b "1930–1939 Cadillac". Retrieved 29 June 2011.
  15. ^ "Earl, Harley J. GM's First Design Chief". Generations of GM History.
  16. ^ Gordon, John Steele"The Man Who Saved The Cadillac". Forbes. 30 April 2009. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
  17. ^ a b Gordon.
  18. ^ "The Beginning of the Phillips Screw Company". Phillips Screw Company. Archived from the original on 10 July 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  19. ^ Bonsall, p. 17
  20. ^ a b "1957 & 58 Cadillac Eldorado Brougham". Generations of GM History. GM Heritage Center. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
  21. ^ Flory, J. "Kelly", Jr. American Cars 1946-1959 (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Coy, 2008), p. 190.
  22. ^ a b "Cadillac CTS Scores Second Motor Trend Car of the Year® Award". Media.cadillac.com. 2013-11-07. Retrieved 2016-07-16.
  23. ^ a b Flory, p. 255.
  24. ^ Flory, p.323.
  25. ^ 80 Years of Cadillac LaSalle by Walter M.P. McCall, Motorbooks International, Osceola WI, 1992, p. 298
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 February 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ 1956 GM Year-End Annual Report, 1957 Cadillac Eldorado Brougham car model introduction announcement, pg 15
  28. ^ Radio & TV News, August 1957, "Delco's All-Transistor Auto Radio", pg 60
  29. ^ The Cadillac Serviceman, Volume XXXI, No.4, April 1957 issue, Pg 34
  30. ^ Flory, J. "Kelly", Jr. (2004), American Cars 1960–1972, Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Coy, pp. 423, 425–428
  31. ^ Flory, p. 423
  32. ^ Flory, p. 570. Karl Ludvigsen's "Cadillac: The Great American Dream Come True", in Northey, Tom, ed. World of Automobiles (London: Orbis, 1974), Vol. 3, p. 297, mistakenly dates this to 1967.
  33. ^ Flory, p. 721.
  34. ^ "Cadillac Eldorado History". Edmunds. 24 October 2011.
  35. ^ Flory, pp. 20, 23, 878, & 880.
  36. ^ "1988 Cadillac Voyage Concept". Supercars.net. Retrieved 2015-01-19.
  37. ^ Robyn Meredith (12 November 1999). "THE MEDIA BUSINESS: ADVERTISING; Cadillac is redesigning its image before its retooled cars appear" (The New York Times). The New York Times. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
  38. ^ "2006 Cadillac BLS -Car News". Car and Driver. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
  39. ^ Newbury, Stephan (2006). The car design yearbook 4. Merrell. ISBN 1-85894-286-1.
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  41. ^ "Cadillac CTS-V Blisters the Ring in Under 8 Minutes". worldcarfans.com. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
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Further reading

External links

Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac

Antoine Laumet de la Mothe, sieur de Cadillac (, French: [kadijak]; March 5, 1658 – October 16, 1730), usually referred to as Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac (also spelled Motte), was a French explorer and adventurer in New France which stretched from Eastern Canada to Louisiana on the Gulf of Mexico. He rose from a modest beginning in Acadia in 1683 as an explorer, trapper, and a trader of alcohol and furs, and he achieved various positions of political importance in the colony. He was the commander of Fort de Buade in St. Ignace, Michigan in 1694. In 1701, he founded Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit which became the city of Detroit, which he commanded until 1710. Between 1710 and 1716, he was the governor of Louisiana, although he did not arrive in that territory until 1713.His knowledge of the coasts of New England and the Great Lakes area was appreciated by Frontenac, governor of New France, and Pontchartrain, Secretary of State for the Navy. This earned him various favors, including the Order of Saint Louis from King Louis XIV. The Jesuits in Canada, however, accused him of perverting the Indians with his alcohol trading, and he was imprisoned for a few months in Quebec in 1704, and again in the Bastille on his return to France in 1717.Upon his arrival in America, La Mothe adopted his title after the town of Cadillac, Gironde in southwestern France. The city of Detroit became the world center of automobile production in the 20th century. William H. Murphy and Henry M. Leland founded the Cadillac auto company and paid homage to him by using his name for their company and his armorial bearings as its logo in 1902. Various places bear his name in America, in particular Cadillac Mountain in Maine and the town of Cadillac, Michigan.

He was widely hailed as a hero until the 1950s and the rise of liberal scholarship, but more recent writers have not admired him. Zoltvany claims that "he most definitely was not one of the 'great early heroes' and probably deserves to be ranked with the 'worst scoundrels ever to set foot in New France'."

Cadillac, Gironde

Cadillac is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Cadillac, Michigan

Cadillac is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan, located in Haring Township. The city is the county seat of Wexford County. The population was 10,355 at the 2010 census. The city is situated at the junction of US 131, M-55 and M-115. The geographic center of Michigan is approximately five miles (8.05 km) north-northwest of Cadillac.Cadillac became the county seat after the so-called "Battle of Manton," in which a show of force was involved in enforcing a controversial decision to move the county seat from Manton.

Cadillac-en-Fronsadais

Cadillac-en-Fronsadais is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Cadillac CTS

The Cadillac CTS is a executive car manufactured and marketed by General Motors, and now in its third generation. Historically, it was priced similar to cars on the compact luxury spectrum; but it has always been sized closely to its mid-size rivals. The third generation competes directly with the mid-size luxury cars.

Production on the model will be ended on June 1, 2019.Initially available only as a 4-door sedan on the GM Sigma platform, GM had offered the second generation CTS in three body styles: 4-door sedan, 2-door coupe, and 5-door sport wagon also using the Sigma platform — and the third generation in coupe and sedan configurations, using a stretched version of the GM Alpha platform.

Wayne Cherry and Kip Wasenko designed the exterior of the first generation CTS, marking the production debut of a design language (marketed as "Art and Science") first seen on the Evoq concept car. Bob Boniface and Robin Krieg designed the exterior of the third generation CTS.

Cadillac CTS-V

The Cadillac CTS-V is a high-performance version of the Cadillac CTS. The CTS-V series includes three body styles, all of which feature a pushrod OHV V-8 engine and a sport-tuned suspension. The four-door CTS-V sedan was introduced in 2004, and the CTS-V sport wagon and coupe were introduced in 2010 for the 2011 model year. The sedan competes in the North American consumer market against other high-performance luxury sedans and "echoes" their quality but is a more affordable option than competitors such as the Audi RS6, BMW M5, and Mercedes E63 AMG.

Cadillac Eldorado

The Cadillac Eldorado is a personal luxury car that was manufactured and marketed by Cadillac from 1952 to 2002 over ten generations. Competitors and similar vehicles included the Continental Mark series, Buick Riviera, Oldsmobile Toronado and Chrysler's Imperial Coupe.

The Eldorado was at or near the top of the Cadillac line during early model years. The original 1953 Eldorado convertible and the Eldorado Brougham models of 1957–1960 were the most expensive models that Cadillac offered those years, and the Eldorado was never less than second in price after the Cadillac Series 75 until 1966. The Eldorado carried the Fleetwood designation from 1965 through 1972, and was a modern revival of the pre-war Cadillac V-12 and Cadillac V16 roadsters and convertibles.

Cadillac Escalade

The Cadillac Escalade is a full-size luxury SUV engineered and manufactured by Cadillac. It was Cadillac's first major entry into the SUV market, and is called an SUV even though it meets all the specifications to be considered a truck. The Escalade was introduced for the 1999 model year in response to competition from the Mercedes-Benz GL-Class and Lexus LX and to Ford's 1998 release of the Lincoln Navigator. The Escalade project went into production only ten months after it was approved. The Escalade is built in Arlington, Texas. The word "escalade" refers to a siege warfare tactic of scaling defensive walls or ramparts with the aid of ladders or siege towers.

The 1999 Escalade was nearly identical to the 1999 GMC Yukon Denali, but was redesigned for the 2002 model year to make its appearance fall more in line with Cadillac's "art and science" design theme. Escalade production was skipped for the 2001 model year. The Escalade ESV (based on the Chevrolet Suburban) and its former sibling the Escalade EXT (based on the Avalanche sport utility truck) were made in Silao, Mexico, before the 2007 redesign; the new Escalade ESV is sourced from Arlington, Texas.

As of 2015, the Cadillac Escalade is available in every country that Cadillac is available in. The Escalade ESV version is available in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Russia and the Middle East. It is Cadillac's largest luxury oriented, passenger- and load-carrying vehicle, which was a niche previously filled by the Cadillac Commercial Chassis.

Cadillac Gage Commando

The Cadillac Gage Commando, frequently denoted as the M706 in US military service, was an American armored car designed to be amphibious. It was engineered by Cadillac Gage specifically for the United States Military Police Corps during the Vietnam War as an armed convoy escort vehicle. The Commando was one of the first vehicles to combine the traditionally separate roles of an armored personnel carrier and a conventional armored car, much like the Soviet BTR-40. Its notable height, amphibious capability, and waterproofed engine allowed American crews to fight effectively in the jungles of Vietnam by observing their opponents over thick vegetation and fording the country's deep rivers.The Commando was eventually produced in three distinct marks: the V-100, V-150, and V-200, all of which were modified for a number of diverse battlefield roles. An unlicensed variant of the Commando series, the Bravia Chaimite, was also manufactured in Portugal. After the American military disengagement from Vietnam, the Commando series was gradually retired from active US service. It was superseded in the Military Police Corps by the derivative M1117 Armored Security Vehicle during the 1990s.

Cadillac Records

Cadillac Records is a 2008 American biographical drama film written and directed by Darnell Martin. The film explores the musical era from the early 1940s to the late 1960s, chronicling the life of the influential Chicago-based record-company executive Leonard Chess, and a few of the musicians who recorded for Chess Records.

The film stars Adrien Brody as Leonard Chess, Cedric the Entertainer as Willie Dixon, Mos Def as Chuck Berry, Columbus Short as Little Walter, Jeffrey Wright as Muddy Waters, Eamonn Walker as Howlin' Wolf, and Beyoncé as Etta James. The film was released in North America on December 5, 2008 by TriStar Pictures.

Cadillac Tower

The Cadillac Tower is a 40-story, 133.4 m (438 ft) Neo-Gothic skyscraper designed by the architectural firm of Bonnah & Chaffee at 65 Cadillac Square in Downtown Detroit, Michigan, not far from Renaissance Center. The building's materials include terra cotta and brick. It was built in 1927 as Barlum Tower. At the top of the tower is a tall guyed mast for local radio stations WMXD, WDTW-FM and television station WLPC-CD. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005.

Cadillac Williams

Carnell Lamar "Cadillac" Williams (born April 21, 1982) is an American football coach and former running back in the National Football League (NFL), currently serving as running backs coach for the Auburn Tigers football team, for whom he also played college football. He was drafted by the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in the first round of the 2005 NFL Draft and also played for the St. Louis Rams.

Cadillac de Ville series

The Cadillac DeVille was originally a trim level and later a separate model produced by Cadillac. The first car to bear the name was the 1949 Coupe de Ville, a pillarless two-door hardtop body style with a prestige trim level above that of the Series 62 luxury coupe. The last model to be formally known as a DeVille was the 2005 Cadillac DeVille, a full-size sedan, the largest car in the Cadillac model range at the time. The next year, the DeVille was officially renamed DTS.

Campus Martius Park

Campus Martius Park is a re-established park in Downtown Detroit, Michigan. After the fire of 1805, Campus Martius (from the Latin for Field of Mars, where Roman heroes walked) was the focal point of Judge Augustus Woodward's plans to rebuild the city. It was named for the principal square in Marietta, Ohio, the first capital of the Northwest Territories.

Elvis Presley's Pink Cadillac

Elvis Presley's iconic Pink Cadillac was a 1955 Cadillac Fleetwood. It set style for the era, was sung about in popular culture, and was copied by others around the world.

The car is now preserved in the Graceland museum, in Memphis, Tennessee.

Trebbiano

Trebbiano is an Italian wine grape, one of the most widely planted grape varieties in the world. It gives good yields, but tends to yield undistinguished wine. It can be fresh and fruity, but does not keep long. Also known as ugni blanc, it has many other names reflecting a family of local subtypes, particularly in Italy and France. Its high acidity makes it important in Cognac and Armagnac productions.

WGC-Mexico Championship

The WGC - Mexico Championship (Spanish: WGC-Campeonato Mexicano) is a professional golf tournament, one of the four annual World Golf Championships. It is sanctioned and organized by the International Federation of PGA Tours and the prize money is official money on both the PGA Tour and the European Tour.

From 1999 through 2006, it was known as the WGC-American Express Championship. In 1999 and 2000 it was held in November, before moving to September/October. Since the start of the FedEx Cup in 2007, the event has been played in March. From 2007 to 2010, it was known as the WGC-CA Championship. After the 2010 event, CA Inc. announced the termination of their sponsorship of the tournament. It was announced on November 29, 2010 that Cadillac would be the new sponsor in a multi-year sponsorship deal beginning in 2011.During its first eight years, the event was played at different locations in the United States and Europe. From 2007 through 2016, it was played annually on the Blue Monster course, which was recently renovated as part of the Trump National Doral multimillion-dollar resort transformation in Doral, Florida. Doral was previously the site of the Ford Championship at Doral, a regular stop on the PGA Tour in March for 45 consecutive years (1962–2006). However, due to the WGC records taking precedence over PGA Tour records, technically the Cadillac Championship succeeded the American Express event, not the Ford Championship.

In December 2015, the PGA Tour stated that it was considering moving the tournament to a different location in 2017, due in part to controversy surrounding comments made by Trump National Doral operator Donald Trump during his presidential campaign. On June 1, 2016, the Tour announced that the event would move to Mexico City in 2017. The inaugural event was played at the Club de Golf Chapultepec in Naucalpan, just northwest of Mexico City.

WGC Match Play

The WGC-Dell Technologies Match Play is a match play knockout professional golf event which is one of the four annual World Golf Championships. The tournament is the only of the four WGC events to not be played as a stroke play event. From its 1999 founding until 2014, the tournament was held in late February. Beginning in 2015, the tournament was moved to the first weekend in May. In 2016, the event moved to Austin, Texas and was held during the last week of March. The tournament was originally sponsored by Anderson Consulting/Accenture, and in the years since, it has also been sponsored by Cadillac and Dell.

Westin Book Cadillac Hotel

The Westin Book Cadillac Detroit is a historic skyscraper hotel located at 1114 Washington Boulevard in Downtown Detroit, Michigan, within the Washington Boulevard Historic District. Designed in the Neo-Renaissance style, and constructed as the Book-Cadillac, it is part of Westin Hotels and embodies Neo-Classical elements and building sculpture, incorporating brick and limestone. Among its notable features are the sculptures of notable figures from Detroit's history—General Anthony Wayne, Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, Chief Pontiac, and Robert Navarre along the ornate Michigan Avenue façade and copper-covered roof elements. The flagship hotel is 349 ft (106 m) tall with 31 floors, and includes 67 exclusive luxury condominiums and penthouses on the top eight floors. It reopened in October 2008 after completing a $200-million reconstruction project and contains the Roast restaurant and 24 Grille.

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