Cadence Industries

Cadence Industries Corporation, formerly known as Perfect Film & Chemical Corporation, was an American conglomerate owned by Martin S. Ackerman. From 1968 through 1986, Cadence Industries was the parent company of Marvel Comics Group (formerly known as Magazine Management).

Cadence Industries Corporation
Perfect Film & Chemical Corporation
FounderMartin S. Ackerman
  • Drugs
  • Health aids
  • Vitamins
  • Magazines
  • Comic books
ServicesFilm processor
Mail order
DivisionsMarvel Comics Group (1973–1986)


Perfect Film

Perfect Film & Chemical Corporation (Perfect Film) was formed in 1962 by Martin S. Ackerman[3] from parts of his first four acquisitions: United Whelan Corporation, Hudson National, Perfect Photos, and Equality Plastics Inc. Hudson was a mail-order pharmaceuticals firm,[4] and Equality Plastics, a consumer-products distributor.[5] Perfect Film sold off Whelan drugstores and the Pathé motion picture laboratory.[3]

In early 1968, Perfect Film purchased Popular Library, a paperback book company.[5] In 1968, Perfect Film loaned $5 million to Curtis Publishing Company, publisher of the Saturday Evening Post, at the request of Curtis' primary loan holder, First National Bank of Boston.[5] In June and July 1968, Perfect Film sold US$40 million worth of securities, more than double the company's long-term debt. Later that year, it bought out publisher Martin Goodman — owner of Magazine Management Company, the parent of Marvel Comics and other ventures — and made Magazine Management the direct subsidiary. It placed its other corporations as subsidiaries of that.[4] Perfect Film purchased the Desilu Studios complex in 1968.[6]

In March 1969, Perfect Film and Commonwealth United Corporation had tentatively agreed to a merger of Commonwealth and Plume and Atwood.[7] Despite attempts to revive the Saturday Evening Post 's circulation, and with the lack of a purchaser, Curtis Publishing shut the magazine down in 1969. Perfect Film purchased Curtis Circulation Company that same year from Curtis Publishing.[3] Also in 1969, OSF Industries purchased the Desilu Studios in Culver City from the corporation, becoming The Culver City Studios the following year.[6] Ackerman left Perfect Film In 1969.[8]

Perfect Film sold Popular Library in 1970 to Fawcett Publications[9] In July 1970, Perfect Film agreed to sell its 50.5% ownership in Plume Atwood Industries to Cinerama.[10]

Cadence Industries

Under president and CEO Sheldon Feinberg,[11] the Company renamed itself Cadence Industries Corporation in 1970.[12] In 1981, Cadence's Hudson Pharmaceutical Corporation hired Venet Advertising to advertise the company's Hudson Vitamins unit, makers of Spider-Man chewable vitamins.[13]

Mario Gabelli had invested in Cadence as he and his investing firm specialized in investing in potential takeover targets.[14] In 1983, Cadence's management, including Marvel President Jim Galton, made an offer for the company's share in order to take the company private. Gabelli considered the offer low and instead put the share up for sale on the open market. Cadence executives sued Gabelli over that attempted share sale, claiming the sale was an attempt to take control.[14] When Cadence Industries was liquidated in 1986, it sold Marvel Entertainment Group to New World Pictures[1] while Curtis Circulation was sold to Joseph M. Walsh and Hachette Distribution Services.[15]



  1. ^ a b Hicks, Jonathan (November 8, 1988). "The Media Business; Marvel Comic Book Unit Being Sold for $82. 5 Million". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
  2. ^ "Weddings; Lori A. Feinberg, Steven C. Kany". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. September 24, 1995. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d Welles, Chris (February 10, 1969). "Post-Mortem". New York. pp. 32–36. Retrieved August 5, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c Nadel, Nick (August 31, 2009). "The Strange Business History of Marvel Comics". Comics Alliance. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d "Magazines: New Man for Curtis". Time. Time Inc. May 3, 1968. Archived from the original on May 24, 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
  6. ^ a b "City History & Info: 9336 Washington (Ince's second)". City of Culver City. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
  7. ^ a b "Merger Near for Perfect". Tri City Herald. March 20, 1969. p. 21. Archived from the original on January 24, 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
  8. ^ Lambert, Bruce (August 4, 1993). "Martin Ackerman, 61, Publisher; Closed The Saturday Evening Post". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved September 10, 2011.
  9. ^ "Copyrights of Golden-Age Comics". Golden-Age Comic book Superheroes & Villains Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20 September 2011.
  10. ^ "Cinerama to Buy Plume & Atwood; Will Acquire 50.5% Interest Held by Perfect Film". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. July 1970. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
  11. ^ Ro, Ronin (2004). Tales to Astonish: Jack Kirby, Stan Lee and the American Comic Book Revolution. Bloomsbury USA. p. 179. ISBN 978-1-58234-345-7.
  12. ^ "Cadence Industries Corporation Entity Information (DOS ID #: 33485)". Division of Corporations. New York State Department of State. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
  13. ^ a b Dougherty, Philip H. (November 9, 1981). "Advertising; Hudson Vitamins Assigned to Venet". The New York Times. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
  14. ^ a b Wallace, Anise C. (July 8, 1984). "Investing; Cashing In on the Merger Madness". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
  15. ^ a b c d "Joseph Walsh: Executive Profile & Biography". Business Week. August 23, 2011. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
  16. ^ Mangel, Andy (May 1991). "Reel Marvel". In Jim Salicrup. Marvel Age Issue 100. Marvel Comics. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
Curtis Circulation

Curtis Circulation Company, LLC (abbreviated as CC) is a magazine distribution company.

David H. DePatie

David Hudson DePatie (born December 24, 1929) is an American film and television producer. He was the last executive in charge of the original Warner Bros. Cartoons cartoon studio. He also formed DePatie–Freleng Enterprises and was an executive producer at Marvel Productions.

David Vreeland Kenyon

David Vreeland Kenyon (September 10, 1930 – March 31, 2015) was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Central District of California.

Howard the Duck

Howard the Duck is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character was created by writer Steve Gerber and artist Val Mayerik. Howard the Duck first appeared in Adventure into Fear #19 (cover-dated Dec. 1973) and several subsequent series have chronicled the misadventures of the ill-tempered, anthropomorphic "funny animal" trapped on a human-dominated Earth.

Howard's adventures are generally social satires, while a few are parodies of genre fiction with a metafictional awareness of the medium. The book is existentialist, and its main joke, according to Gerber, is that there is no joke: "that life's most serious moments and most incredibly dumb moments are often distinguishable only by a momentary point of view." This is diametrically opposed to screenwriter Gloria Katz, who, in adapting the comic to the screen, declared, "It's a film about a duck from outer space... It's not supposed to be an existential experience".Howard the Duck was portrayed by Ed Gale and voiced by Chip Zien in the 1986 Howard the Duck film adaptation, and was later voiced by Seth Green in the films Guardians of the Galaxy and Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, both set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.

Jim Galton

James E. Galton (; November 1, 1924 – June 12, 2017) was an American business executive who was the president of Marvel Entertainment Group.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 493

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 493 of the United States Reports:

Terrell v. Morris, 493 U.S. 1 (1989) (per curiam)

White v. United States, 493 U.S. 5 (1989) (per curiam)

Northbrook Nat. Ins. Co. v. Brewer, 493 U.S. 6 (1989)

Hallstrom v. Tillamook County, 493 U.S. 20 (1989)

Michigan Citizens for Independent Press v. Thornburgh, 493 U.S. 38 (1989) (per curiam)

Chesapeake & Ohio R. Co. v. Schwalb, 493 U.S. 40 (1989)

United States v. Sperry Corp., 493 U.S. 52 (1989)

Breininger v. Sheet Metal Workers, 493 U.S. 67 (1989)

Golden State Transit Corp. v. Los Angeles, 493 U.S. 103 (1989)

Pavelic & LeFlore v. Marvel Entertainment Group, Div. of Cadence Industries Corp., 493 U.S. 120 (1989)

United States v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., 493 U.S. 132 (1989)

John Doe Agency v. John Doe Corp., 493 U.S. 146 (1989)

Hoffmann-La Roche Inc. v. Sperling, 493 U.S. 165 (1989)

University of Pennsylvania v. EEOC, 493 U.S. 182 (1990)

Commissioner v. Indianapolis Power & Light Co., 493 U.S. 203 (1990)

FW/PBS, Inc. v. Dallas, 493 U.S. 215 (1990)

Spallone v. United States, 493 U.S. 265 (1990)

James v. Illinois, 493 U.S. 307 (1990)

Franchise Tax Bd. of Cal. v. Alcan Aluminium Ltd., 493 U.S. 331 (1990)

Dowling v. United States, 493 U.S. 342 (1990)

Guidry v. Sheet Metal Workers Nat. Pension Fund, 493 U.S. 365 (1990)

Jimmy Swaggart Ministries v. Board of Equalization of Cal., 493 U.S. 378 (1990)

W. S. Kirkpatrick & Co. v. Environmental Tectonics Corp., Int'l, 493 U.S. 400 (1990)

FTC v. Superior Court Trial Lawyers Assn., 493 U.S. 411 (1990)

Tafflin v. Levitt, 493 U.S. 455 (1990)

Holland v. Illinois, 493 U.S. 474 (1990)

Sullivan v. Zebley, 493 U.S. 521 (1990)

Baltimore City Dept. of Social Servs. v. Bouknight, 493 U.S. 549 (1990)

List of conglomerates

The following is a list of notable conglomerates.

Love Stinks (album)

Love Stinks is the ninth studio album by American rock band The J. Geils Band. The album was released on January 28, 1980, by EMI Records.

The title song, "Love Stinks" is a rant against unrequited love. It has been covered by industrial metal band Bile, by Andru Branch in the film Love Stinks, Joan Jett in the film Mr. Wrong and Adam Sandler in the film The Wedding Singer.

Magazine Management

Magazine Management Co., Inc. was an American publishing company lasting from at least 1947 to the early 1970s, known for men's-adventure magazines, risque men's magazines, humor, romance, puzzle, celebrity/film and other types of magazines, and later adding comic books and black-and-white comics magazines to the mix. It was the parent company of Atlas Comics, and its re-branded incarnation, Marvel Comics.

Founded by Martin Goodman, who had begun his career in the 1930s with pulp magazines published under a variety of shell companies, Magazine Management served as an early employer of such staff writers as Rona Barrett, Bruce Jay Friedman, David Markson, Mario Puzo, Martin Cruz Smith, Mickey Spillane, and Ernest Tidyman.

Subsidiaries of Magazine Management included Humorama, which published digest-sized magazines of girlie cartoons, Marvel Comics, and black-and-white comics magazines such as Vampire Tales, Savage Tales, and Unknown Worlds of Science Fiction.

Martin Goodman (publisher)

Martin Goodman (born Moe Goodman; January 18, 1908 – June 6, 1992) was an American publisher of pulp magazines, paperback books, men's adventure magazines, and comic books, launching the company that would become Marvel Comics.

Marvel Animation

Marvel Animation, Inc. is an American animation production company. The Marvel Entertainment subsidiary was incorporated on January 25, 2008 to direct Marvel's efforts in animation and home entertainment markets. The incorporated Marvel Animation included then ongoing animation efforts by Marvel Studios with Lionsgate and Nickelodeon. Marvel Animation operates under the Marvel Television division of Marvel Entertainment, LLC, a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company.

Marvel Comics

Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc., formerly Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, a publisher of American comic books and related media. In 2009, The Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel Entertainment, Marvel Worldwide's parent company.

Marvel started in 1939 with the common name for that early Golden Age is Timely Comics, and by the early 1950s, had generally become known as Atlas Comics. The Marvel era began in 1961, the year that the company launched The Fantastic Four and other superhero titles created by Steve Ditko, Stan Lee, Jack Kirby and many others. The Marvel brand had been used over the years, but solidified as the company's only brand with in a couple of years.

Marvel counts among its characters such well-known superheroes as Spider-Man, Iron Man, Thor, the Hulk, Captain America, Black Panther, Doctor Strange, Wolverine, the Silver Surfer, Daredevil, Ghost Rider, the Punisher and Deadpool, such teams as the Avengers, the X-Men, the Fantastic Four, the Midnight Sons and the Guardians of the Galaxy, and supervillains including Thanos, Doctor Doom, Magneto, Ultron, Green Goblin, Red Skull, Loki, Doctor Octopus, and Venom. Most of Marvel's fictional characters operate in a single reality known as the Marvel Universe, with most locations mirroring real-life places; many major characters are based in New York City.

Marvel Entertainment

Marvel Entertainment, LLC (formerly Marvel Enterprises and Toy Biz, Inc., and marketed and stylized as MARVEL) is an American entertainment company founded in June 1998 and based in New York City, formed by the merger of Marvel Entertainment Group, Inc. and ToyBiz. The company is a wholly owned subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company, and is mainly known for its Marvel Comics, Marvel Animation, and Marvel Television units. Marvel Studios, formerly under the Marvel umbrella, became a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Studios, where it develops and produces a shared universe of films that shares continuity with some of the shows produced by the television unit.

In 2009, The Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel Entertainment for US$4 billion; it has been a limited liability company (LLC) since then. For financial reporting purposes, Marvel is primarily reported as part of Disney's Consumer Products segment ever since Marvel Studios' reorganization into Walt Disney Studios.Over the years, Marvel Entertainment has entered into several partnerships and negotiations with other companies across a variety of businesses. As of 2018, Marvel has film licensing agreements with 20th Century Fox (for X-Men films and Fantastic Four films), Sony Pictures (for Spider-Man films), and Universal Pictures (a right of first refusal to pick up the distribution rights to any future Hulk films produced by Marvel Studios), and a theme park licensing agreement with Universal Parks & Resorts (for specific Marvel character rights at Islands of Adventure and Universal Studios Japan). Aside from their contract with Universal Parks & Resorts, Marvel's characters and properties have also appeared at Walt Disney Parks, Experiences and Consumer Products.

Marvel Productions

Marvel Productions Ltd., later known as New World Animation Ltd., was the television and film studio subsidiary of the Marvel Entertainment Group, based in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California. It later became a subsidiary of New World Entertainment and eventually of News Corporation (Fox Entertainment Group).

Marvel Productions produced animated television series, motion pictures, and television specials such as Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends, The Incredible Hulk, My Little Pony: The Movie, The Transformers: The Movie, and G.I. Joe: The Movie as well as The Transformers and G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero television series. Most of Marvel Productions' non-Hasbro related back catalog (with the exception of Dungeons & Dragons) is currently owned by The Walt Disney Company.

New Universe

The New Universe is a comic book imprint from Marvel Comics that was published in its original incarnation from 1986 to 1989. It was the first line produced by Marvel Comics utilizing a pre-conceived shared universe concept. It was created by Jim Shooter, Archie Goodwin, Eliot R. Brown, John Morelli, Mark Gruenwald, Tom DeFalco, and edited by Michael Higgins.

In 1986, in honor of Marvel Comics' 25th anniversary, Editor-In-Chief Jim Shooter launched the New Universe line of comics. This was to be a distinctly separate world, fully divorced from the mainstream continuity of the Marvel Universe, consisting of its own continuing characters and stories in a more realistic setting. There would be no hidden races, gods, mythological beings, magic, or supertechnology. Superhuman characters and powers would be limited and thus more subdued in their activities, yet their actions would have more realistic consequences. This was in contrast to the traditional Marvel Universe, which always purported to take place in a mirror of the real world where public knowledge of superheroes, supervillains and their activities had little effect on normal day-to-day business.

Adding to the sense of realism, the New Universe titles were designed to operate in real-time: a month would lapse in the universe for each month that passed in reality. The limitation of fantasy elements, and the low-key nature of the characters' activities in the New Universe, gave the imprint verisimilitude, to seem like "the world outside your window," which was the series catchphrase.

Steve Gerber

Stephen Ross Gerber (; September 20, 1947 – February 10, 2008) was an American comic book writer best known for co-creating the satiric Marvel Comics character Howard the Duck and a character-defining run on Man-Thing, one of their monster properties. Other notable works include Omega the Unknown, Marvel Spotlight: "Son of Satan," The Defenders, Marvel Presents: "Guardians of the Galaxy," Daredevil and Foolkiller. Gerber was known for including lengthy text pages in the midst of comic book stories, such as in his graphic novel, Stewart the Rat. Gerber was posthumously inducted into the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 2010.

United Cigar Stores

United Cigar Stores was a chain of cigar stores in the United States that in its first quarter-century grew to nearly 3,000 shops. It eventually became part of the corporation that bought Marvel Comics and its parent company Magazine Management from their founder in 1968.

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