Cabinet of Iceland

The Cabinet of Iceland (Icelandic: Stjórnarráð Íslands) is the collective decision-making body of the government of Iceland, composed of the Prime Minister and the cabinet ministers.

Iceland-Reykjavik-Stjornarrad-1
The Cabinet of Iceland and the Prime Minister's Office in Reykjavík.

History

The Cabinet of Iceland is considered to have been formed 1 February 1904 when home rule was expanded in Iceland and Hannes Hafstein became the first Icelander to hold the position of Minister for Iceland in the Cabinet of Denmark (Cabinet of Deuntzer).[1] A constitutional amendment, confirmed on 3 October 1903, stated that the Minister for Iceland had to be a resident of Reykjavík and be able to read and write Icelandic. The Minister for Iceland therefore belonged to both the Danish Cabinet and the newly created Icelandic Cabinet but was only answerable to the Icelandic Parliament. Executive power was thus transferred to Iceland with the creation of the Icelandic Cabinet (the executive branch of the government). In the beginning, there were no cabinet ministers nor ministries (aside from the Minister for Iceland) that formed the Cabinet but instead the Cabinet was divided into three offices. The offices were called first, second and third office. The first office was responsible for court, school and church affairs, the second for employment, transport and postal affairs and the third for finance.[2] The Minister for Iceland was the most supreme officeholder in the Cabinet, but each office was headed by an Office Manager and a National Secretary supervised the three managers.[3] The position of Minister for Iceland in the Danish and Icelandic cabinet was discontinued 30 November 1918 as the Danish–Icelandic Act of Union was signed 1 December 1918 by Denmark and Iceland. The agreement made Iceland a sovereign state — the Kingdom of Iceland — joined with Denmark in a personal union with the Danish king as the head of state of both kingdoms. The Minister for Iceland at the time of the signing of the agreement, Jón Magnússon, became the first Prime Minister of Iceland.

Current cabinet

The current cabinet (in office since 11 January 2017), consists of the following ministers:[4]

Minister Ministry Since Incumbent Party Image
Prime Minister
(Forsætisráðherra)
Prime Minister's Office
(Forsætisráðuneytið)
30 November 2017 Katrín Jakobsdóttir LG Katrin Jakobsdottir, undervisnings- forsknings- og kulturminister i Island, samt samarbejdsminister i Nordisk Ministerrad
Minister for Foreign Affairs
(Utanríkisráðherra)
Ministry for Foreign Affairs
(Utanríkisráðuneytið)
30 November 2017 Guðlaugur Þór Þórðarson IP Välisminister Sven Mikser kohtus Reykjavikis Islandi välisministri Gudlaugur Thór Thórdarsoniga (20.06) (34618883043) (cropped)
Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs
(Fjármála- og efnahagsráðherra)
Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs
(Fjármála- og efnahagsráðuneytið)
30 November 2017 Bjarni Benediktsson IP Bjarni Benediktsson vid Nordiska Radets session i Stockholm
Minister of Justice
(Dómsmálaráðherra)
Ministry of the Interior
(Innanríkisráðuneytið)
30 November 2017 Sigríður Á. Andersen IP Informal meeting of justice and home affairs ministers. Arrivals (Home Affairs) Sigríður Á. Andersen (35711122216) (cropped)
Minister of Transport and Local Government
(Samgöngu- og sveitarstjórnarráðherra)
Ministry of the Interior
(Innanríkisráðuneytið)
30 November 2017 Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson PP Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson 2016 (cropped)
Minister of Fisheries and Agriculture
(Sjávarútvegs- og landbúnaðarráðherra)
Ministry of Industries and Innovation
(Atvinnuvega- og nýsköpunarráðuneytið)
30 November 2017 Kristján Þór Júlíusson IP Kristjan thor Juliusson (Sj.) Island
Minister of Education, Science and Culture
(Mennta- og menningarmálaráðherra)
Ministry of Education and Culture
(Mennta- og menningarmálaráðuneytið)
30 November 2017 Lilja Dögg Alfreðsdóttir PP Lilja Dögg Alfreðsdóttir - Progressive Party
Minister of Tourism, Industry and Innovation
(Iðnaðar- og viðskiptaráðherra)
Ministry of Industries and Innovation
(Atvinnuvega- og nýsköpunarráðuneytið)
30 November 2017 Þórdís Kolbrún R. Gylfadóttir IP
Minister of Social Affairs and Equality
(Félags- og jafnréttismálaráðherra)
Ministry of Welfare
(Velferðarráðuneytið)
30 November 2017 Ásmundur Einar Daðason PP Ásmundur Einar Daðason
Minister of Health
(Heilbrigðisráðherra)
Ministry of Welfare
(Velferðarráðuneytið)
30 November 2017 Svandís Svavarsdóttir LG Islands miljominister Svandis Svavarsdottir. Nordiska radets session i Stockholm 2009
Minister for the Environment and Natural Resources
(Umhverfis- og auðlindaráðherra)
Ministry for the Environment and Natural Resources
(Umhverfis- og auðlindaráðuneytið)
30 November 2017 Guðmundur Ingi Guðbrandsson LG

See also

References

  1. ^ Sumarliði R. Ísleifsson (2001). "Forsætisráðuneyti - sögulegt ágrip" [Prime Minister's Office - historical overview] (in Icelandic). Reykjavík, Iceland: Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 15 September 2012. Þegar heimastjórn var komið á fót hér á landi árið 1904 var stofnað embætti ráðherra Íslands, og var hann æðsti yfirmaður Stjórnarráðs Íslands.
  2. ^ Sumarliði R. Ísleifsson (2001). "Forsætisráðuneyti - sögulegt ágrip" [Prime Minister's Office - historical overview] (in Icelandic). Reykjavík, Iceland: Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 15 September 2012. Stjórnarráðinu var skipt í þrjár skrifstofur sem gengu undir nöfnunum fyrsta, önnur og þriðja skrifstofa. Fyrstu skrifstofu var ætlað að sjá um dóms-, skóla- og kirkjumál, önnur skyldi sjá um atvinnumál, samgöngumál og póstmál en hin þriðja fjármál.
  3. ^ Sumarliði R. Ísleifsson (2001). "Forsætisráðuneyti - sögulegt ágrip" [Prime Minister's Office - historical overview] (in Icelandic). Reykjavík, Iceland: Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 15 September 2012. Skrifstofustjóri var yfir hverri skrifstofu en landritari var yfirmaður þeirra. Allir lutu þeir svo ráðherra Íslands.
  4. ^ "Ráðuneyti Sigmundar Davíðs Gunnlaugssonar" [Cabinet of Bjarni Benediction] (in Icelandic). Reykjavík, Iceland: Cabinet of Iceland. Retrieved 11 January 2017.

External links

Coordinates: 64°08′50″N 21°56′07″W / 64.14722°N 21.93528°W

Cabinet of Bjarni Benediktsson

This article is about the cabinet of Bjarni Benediktsson (born 1908), which governed from 1963 to 1970. For the present Icelandic cabinet, please see Cabinet of Bjarni Benediktsson (2017).The Cabinet of Bjarni Benediktsson in Iceland was formed 14 November 1963. It dissolved 10 July 1970 due to the death of the Prime Minister, Bjarni Benediktsson, who was killed in a house fire the night before along with his wife and grandson.

Cabinet of Emil Jónsson

The Cabinet of Emil Jónsson in Iceland was formed 23 December 1958 and dissolved 20 November 1959.

Cabinet of Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson

The Cabinet of Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson in Iceland was formed 7 April 2016, following the resignation of Prime Minister Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson.

Fifth cabinet of Hermann Jónasson

The Fifth cabinet of Hermann Jónasson in Iceland was formed 24 July 1956.

Fifth cabinet of Ólafur Thors

The Fifth cabinet of Ólafur Thors in Iceland was formed 20 November 1959.

First cabinet of Davíð Oddsson

The First cabinet of Davíð Oddsson in Iceland was formed 30 April 1991.

First cabinet of Geir Haarde

The First cabinet of Geir Haarde in Iceland was formed 15 June 2006.

First cabinet of Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir

The First cabinet of Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir in Iceland was formed 1 February 2009 after the Second cabinet of Geir Haarde resigned due to the 2009 Icelandic financial crisis protests.

Fourth cabinet of Davíð Oddsson

The Fourth cabinet of Davíð Oddsson in Iceland was formed 23 May 2003.

Minister of Communications (Iceland)

The Minister of Communications (Icelandic: Samgönguráðherra) was a cabinet position which existed between 20 November 1959 and 1 October 2009. The Minister of Communications existed alongside the minister after 1 January 1970 when the Cabinet of Iceland Act no. 73/1969 took effect since ministries had not formally existed separately from the ministers. On 1 October 2009 the position became Minister of Transport, Communications and Local Government (Icelandic: Samgöngu- og sveitarstjórnarráðherra) and the ministry itself was also renamed accordingly. On 31 December 2010 the Ministry of Transport, Communications and Local Government was merged with the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights to form the Ministry of the Interior.

Minister of Health (Iceland)

The Minister of Health (Icelandic: Heilbrigðisráðherra) was a cabinet position which existed between 20 November 1959 and 1 January 1970 and again between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2010. The Ministry of Health existed alongside the Minister after 1 January 1970, when the Cabinet of Iceland Act no. 73/1969 took effect, since ministries had not formally existed separately from the ministers. Between 1 January 1970 and 1 January 2008 the position became Minister of Health and Social Security (Icelandic: Heilbrigðis- og tryggingamálaráðherra), and the ministry itself was renamed accordingly. On 31 December 2010, the Ministry of Health was merged with the Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Security to form the Ministry of Welfare.

Minister of Social Affairs (Iceland)

The Minister of Social Affairs (Icelandic: Félagsmálaráðherra) was a cabinet position which existed between 17 April 1939 and 1 January 2008. The Ministry of Social Affairs existed alongside the minister after 1 January 1970 when the Cabinet of Iceland Act no. 73/1969 took effect since ministries had not formally existed separately from the ministers. On 1 January 2008 the position became Minister of Social Affairs and Social Security (Icelandic: Félags- og tryggingamálaráðuneytið) and the ministry itself was also renamed accordingly. On 31 December 2010 the Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Security was merged with the Ministry of Health and Social Security to form the Ministry of Welfare.

Minister of Statistics Iceland

The Minister of Statistics Iceland (Icelandic: Ráðherra Hagstofu Íslands) was the head of Statistics Iceland from 1 January 1970, when the Cabinet of Iceland Act no. 73/1969 took effect, to 1 January 2008, when Statistics Iceland became an independent government agency.

Prime Minister of Iceland

The Prime Minister of Iceland (Icelandic: Forsætisráðherra Íslands) is Iceland's head of government. The prime minister is appointed formally by the President and exercises executive authority along with the cabinet subject to parliamentary support.

Second cabinet of Davíð Oddsson

The Second cabinet of Davíð Oddsson in Iceland was formed 23 April 1995.

Second cabinet of Geir Haarde

The Second cabinet of Geir Haarde in Iceland was formed 24 May 2007. It resigned due to the 2009 Icelandic financial crisis protests.

Second cabinet of Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir

The Second cabinet of Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir in Iceland was formed 10 May 2009. The cabinet left office on 23 May 2013

Third cabinet of Davíð Oddsson

The Third cabinet of Davíð Oddsson in Iceland was formed 28 May 1999.

Third cabinet of Steingrímur Hermannsson

The Third cabinet of Steingrímur Hermannsson in Iceland was formed 10 September 1989.

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