|CP Urban Services|
|Locale||Metropolitan Lisbon and Metropolitan Porto|
|Transit type||Commuter rail|
|Number of lines||4 with 7 services (Lisbon) and 5 (Porto)|
|Annual ridership||83 million (Lisbon, 2017)|
21 million (Porto, 2017)
|Operator(s)||Comboios de Portugal|
Although the Cintura line connects the Azambuja line (at Braço de Prata) to the Cascais line (at Alcântara-Mar), the stretch between Alcântara-Terra and Alcântara-Mar is only used for freight services, and passengers transferring between both stations have to do so on foot.
Nowadays, the services from the Azambuja and Sintra lines are joined in a single timetable, as "Azambuja/Lisboa/Sintra".
Since 2011, the Azambuja line has offered a direct connection between Azambuja and Alcântara-Terra, with an additional Castanheira–Santa Apolónia service during weekdays, a change that will be reversed with the Summer 2015 timetables, that reintroduce the older Azambuja–Santa Apolónia and Castanheira–Alcântara-Terra services.
The CP Urban Services in the great Porto area consists of 4 main lines, linking Porto Terminus São Bento Station (Estação de São Bento) in Porto Downtown with the cities of Braga, Guimarães, Aveiro and Penafiel. The lines are completely electrified and the service is efficient, serving over 21 million passengers in 2017.
The Commuter rail service in Porto is well connected with bus and metro service in the city, linking with lines A (Blue line), B (Red line), C (Green line), E (Violet Line) and F (Orange Line) of metro service in Campanhã Station and with line D (Yellow line) in São Bento Station.
In 2018, a study was launched into a new 36.5 km rail line branching from Valongo on the Linha de Caide to Felgueiras, with an expectedly cost of €300 million.
The bilevel car (American English) or double-decker train (British English and Canadian English) is a type of rail car that has two levels of passenger accommodation, as opposed to one, increasing passenger capacity (in example cases of up to 57% per car). In some countries such vehicles are commonly referred to as dostos, derived from the German Doppelstockwagen.
The use of double-decker carriages, where feasible, can resolve capacity problems on a railway, avoiding other options which have an associated infrastructure cost such as longer trains (which require longer station platforms), more trains per hour (which the signalling or safety requirements may not allow) or adding extra tracks besides the existing line.
Bilevel trains are claimed to be more energy efficient, and may have a lower operating cost per passenger. A bilevel car may carry up to about twice as many as a normal car, if structure and loading gauges permit, without requiring double the weight to pull or material to build. However, a bilevel train may take longer to exchange passengers at each station, since more people will enter and exit from each car. The increased dwell time makes them most popular on long-distance routes which make fewer stops (and may be popular with passengers for offering a better view).Bilevel cars may not be usable in countries or on older railway systems with low loading gauges. With the exception of Bombardier MultiLevel Coaches, this includes much of the rail network in the Northeastern United States, including the Northeast Corridor, as well as almost the entire British rail network. In some countries such as the UK new lines are built to a higher than the existing structure gauge to allow the use of double-deck trains in future.Commuter rail
Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis. Trains operate following a schedule at speeds varying from 50 to 225 km/h (30 to 140 mph). Distance charges or zone pricing may be used.
Non-English names include Treno suburbano in Italian, Cercanías in Spanish, Rodalies in Catalan, Proastiakos in Greek, S-Bahn in German (although Regionalbahn or stopping services occasionally also operate as commuter trains), Train de banlieue in French, Příměstský vlak or Esko in Czech, Elektrichka in Russian, Pociąg podmiejski in Polish and Pendeltåg in Swedish. The development of commuter rail services has become popular, with the increased public awareness of congestion, dependence on fossil fuels, and other environmental issues, as well as the rising costs of owning, operating and parking automobiles.Fertagus
Fertagus is a commuter rail operator connecting Lisbon, Portugal's capital, to suburbs on the Setúbal Peninsula, located to the south across the Tagus River. Fertagus crosses the river over the Ponte 25 de Abril.
Fertagus is owned by the Portuguese transportation company, Grupo Barraqueiro. The company's name derives from caminhos-de-ferro, meaning railway, and the Latin form of the river Tagus (which coincides with the English name).
Fertagus is the first private rail operator in Portugal. The company pays REFER a fee for use of its infrastructure.
Fertagus transports 70,000 passengers daily.Linha do Norte
Linha do Norte is the Portuguese main railway line that connects the two main Portuguese cities, Lisbon and Porto. Its length is 336.079 km. It goes through some other important cities like Vila Franca de Xira, Santarém, Entroncamento, Pombal, Coimbra, Aveiro, Espinho & Vila Nova de Gaia, amongst others. It constitutes the backbone of the Portuguese railway system of freight and passenger services, running daily hundreds of trains of both types.
As part of the plans for a high-speed rail network, there will be a parallel high-speed line (up to 300 km/h) to relieve this main line, since it has reached a saturation threshold where it's impossible to add additional freight trains without jamming the fast passenger services (InterCidades and Alfa Pendular).List of suburban and commuter rail systems
This is an alphabetical listing of cities and countries that have commuter or suburban railways that are currently operational and in service. Commuter and suburban rail systems are train services that connect city centres with outer suburbs or nearby cities, with most passengers doing work or school commuting. Unlike metros, these systems usually operate on main line tracks unsegregated from other rail traffic. And unlike light rail, they usually have lower service frequencies but generally offer multiple services throughout work days and peak hours.Sintra
Sintra (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈsĩtɾɐ]) is a city and municipality in the Greater Lisbon region of Portugal, located on the Portuguese Riviera. The population of the municipality in 2011 was 377,835, in an area of 319.23 square kilometres (123.26 sq mi). Sintra is a major tourist destination in Portugal, famed for its picturesqueness and for its numerous historic palaces and castles. Sintra is also a major luxury dining and tourism destination within the Portuguese Riviera, as well as one of the wealthiest municipalities in the country, and is known for the numerous notable events hosted in Sintra, such as Bilderberg Meetings and the Open de Portugal.
The historic center of the Vila de Sintra is famous for its 19th-century Romanticist architecture, historic estates & villas, gardens, and numerous royal palaces & castles, which resulted in the classification of the town and its historic passage as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Sintra is similarly known for its numerous gardens and nature parks, including the Sintra-Cascais Nature Park and the Sintra Mountains. Sintra's most iconic landmarks include the mediaeval Castle of the Moors, the romanticist Pena National Palace and the Portuguese Renaissance Sintra National Palace.
Sintra is consistently ranked as one of the wealthiest and most expensive municipalities in both Portugal and the Iberian Peninsula as a whole. Sintra is one of Portugal's most expensive and sought after real estate markets, famed for its numerous historic villas, luxury estates, and Michelin star restaurants, and is home to one of the largest foreign expat communities along the Portuguese Riviera. Sintra is similarly known for its high standards of living, consistently ranking as one of the best places to live in Portugal.
|CP-Urb. L. + Soflusa + Fertagus|
Official site, 2019.01
(station names according to source)
|Porto commuter rail|
IP iberian gauge networkᴮ#:
Alentejo • Alfândega† • Alfarelos • Algarve • Aljustrel†° • Barca d’Alva†‡ • Beira Alta • Beira Baixa • † • Braga • Cáceres† • Cascais • Cintura • Douro • Estádio† • Évora • Figueira da Foz† • Guimarães • Leixões • Leste • Louriçal • Lousã†‡ / Metro Mondego‡ • Maceira-Liz° • Maceda†° • Marginal do Douro‡† • Matinha • Minho • Montemor-o-Novo† • Montijo† • Mora† • Moura† • Neves-Corvo • Nogueirinha†° • Norte • Oeste • Pego° • Portalegre† • Porto de Aveiro • Porto de Viana‡ • Reguengos† • Rio Maior†‡ • São Roque†° • Seixal† • Serpa‡† • Siderurgia • Sines (L.ª) • Sines (R.)† • Sintra • Sorraia‡† • Sul • Tomar • Valença°? • Vendas Novas • Viana-Doca†°? • Vila Viçosa†
railway triangles: Agualva • Águas de Moura • Bombel • Ermidas • Funcheira • Nine† • Norte Setil • Poceirão • São Gemil • Sete Rios • Tunes† • Verride • Xabregas
IP metre gauge network¹#:
Linha do Douro branch lines: Ave/Basto‡† • Côa‡† • Corgo† • Lamego‡† • Sabor† • Tâmega† • Tua†‡ / Metro de Mirandela†° • T. do Minho‡† • Chacim‡† • Valpaços‡† • Vinhais‡† • Crestuma‡†
Porto-Minho network: Alto Minho‡† • Braga-Chaves‡† • Braga-Guimarães‡† • Guimarães↑ • Lima‡†° • Matosinhos† • Póvoa e Famalicão↑ • S. Pedro da Cova‡† • Litoral do Minho‡† • Lanhoso‡† • T. do Minho‡† • Famalicão‡† • Cávado‡†
Vouga/Viseu network: Aveiro • Aveiro-Mar† • Dão† • Vouga
other: Chamusca‡† • Penafiel† • Avis‡† • Cacilhas‡† • †
|Other heavy rail lines#:|
High speed lines:ⁱ Aveiro-Salamancaⁱ‡† • Évora-Faro-Huelvaⁱ‡† • Lisboa-Madridⁱ‡† • Lisboa-Portoⁱ‡† • Porto-Vigoⁱ‡†
Isolated port railways: • Horta²†° • Lena¹⁶†° • Monges⁶†° • Pego do Altar⁶†° • Pejão⁶†° • Ponta Delgada²†° • Pomarão¹†° • Funchal¹†° • Aljustrel (mines)³†° • Alfeite† • S. P. Cova (mines)† • Leixões (port)† • Panasqueira† • Lousal†
industrial and military lines:
Lisbon Metroⁱ: Blue + Yellow + Green + Red • Porto Metroⁱ: A + B + C + D + E + F + G‡
Metro Transportes do Sulⁱ • Metro de Mirandela†¹ • Metro Mondegoⁱ‡ • Metro de Faro‡
trams: Lisbon⁹ • Portoⁱ • Coimbra¹† • Braga⁹† • Sintra¹†† • Faro¹‡†
trolleybuses: Amadora‡ • Braga† • Coimbra • Porto†
beach railways: Caparica⁶ • Barril⁶
other mechanical non-electric systems: Larmanjat⁴⁺† • Braga (steam)⁹↑ • Póvoa de Varzim (diesel)† • Mira (steam)† • Torres Novas (steam)† • Pinhal de Leiria (steam)† • Escola de Engenharia in Tancos† • P. Delgada a Furnas e R. Grande‡† • Palácio de Cristal†
Horsecars: Aveiro† • Braçal† • Braga⁹↑ • Coimbra↑ • V. Real-Régua↑ • Elvas† • Figueira da Foz† • Funchal⁶† • Lisbon↑ • Portoⁱ↑ • Póvoa de Varzim↑ • S. Jacinto† • S. Pedro Muel† • Torreira† • Campo Entrincheirado de Lisboa† • Fort of Trafaria† • Fort of São Julião da Barra† • Polígono de Tancos† • Funchal - C. Lobos‡† • S. M. Porto† • F. da Pólvora† • C. Lezírias† • S. Vicente - Santana‡†
and rack railways:
(incl. aerial lifts and people movers)
suspended: Achadas da Cruz • Aroeira‡† • Botânico • Cabo Girão • Cântaro • Covão • Expo • Fajã dos Padres • Funchal-Monte • Gaia • Garajau • Lagoa • Penha • Rocha do Navio • Sete Fontes‡ • Skiparque • Torre • Viriato • Zoo
railbound: Estrela↑ • Graça↑ • Monte¹†‡ • S. J. Malta‡ • São Sebastião† • SATUOeiras†
Key: track gauges: ²2140 mm • ᴮ1668 mm • ⁱ1435 mm • ¹1000 mm • ⁹900 mm • ³920 mm • ⁶600 mm • ⁴⁺200+200 mm
+names abbreviated whenever possible (source for IP's network: : page. 54)
°heavy rail (#) not managed by IP (and/or its predecessors)
†closed (completely) • ‡planned • ††reopened • †‡reopening planned • ‡†cancelled project • ‡‡planned using former project • ↑replaced using former trackbed