CIS national football team

The CIS national football team was a transitional national team of the Football Federation of the Soviet Union in 1992. It was accepted that the team would represent the Commonwealth of Independent States.

The CIS team was created to allow the Soviet national team further participation as it had already booked a spot in Euro 1992 through the 1990–91 qualification tournament. The only way to preserve the spot for the post-Soviet team was to take part in the competition as a unified team. Players had an option either to play for the team or to play for a team of their country.

With the end of Euro 1992, the Russia national team was recognized as the only successor of the CIS team.

 CIS
Shirt badge/Association crest
AssociationFootball Federation of the Soviet Union
Head coachAnatoly Byshovets
Most capsDmitri Kharine (11)[1]
Top scorerSergei Kiriakov (4)
Home stadiumVarious
FIFA codeCIS
First colours
Second colours
First international
United States United States 0–1 CIS CIS-euro92-flag.png
(Miami, Florida; 25 January 1992)
Last international
Scotland Scotland 3–0 CIS CIS-euro92-flag.png
(Norrköping, Sweden; 18 June 1992)
Biggest win
El Salvador El Salvador 0–3 CIS CIS-euro92-flag.png
(San Salvador, El Salvador; 29 January 1992)
Biggest defeat
Mexico Mexico 4–0 CIS CIS-euro92-flag.png
(Mexico City, Mexico; 8 March 1992)
European Championship
Appearances1 (first in 1992)
Best resultRound 1, 1992

Situation

Flag of the CIS (UEFA Euro 1992)
Flag used by the CIS team at Euro 1992.

As the Soviet Union has formally ceased to exist on 26 December 1991, so did all its organizations including the football federation. The Association of Football Federations of CIS was formed on 11 January 1992 and was approved by FIFA two days later. Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 was adopted as its anthem. Along with the Association, national federations of its members started to form and apply for international recognition.

The CIS national football team, previously known as the USSR national football team, completed its participation in the Euro 1992 in June 1992. It was disbanded soon thereafter and all its results were transferred to the Russia national football team that played its first game in August 1992.

The CIS national football team was coached by Anatoly Byshovets. The team failed to achieve success in the 1992 European Football Championship, finishing last in the group, but achieved two notable draws with Germany and the Netherlands, before being beaten 3–0 by Scotland in what turned out to be their last match.

European Championship record

Year Round Position GP W D L GS GA
Sweden 1992 Group stage 8th 3 0 2 1 1 4
Total 1/1 8th 3 0 2 1 1 4

Post-Soviet national federations

National federation members of the CIS association

Armenia Armenia 18 January 1992 National team U-21 team UEFA
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan March 1992 National team U-21 team UEFA
Belarus Belarus 1989 National team U-21 team UEFA
Georgia (country) Georgia 15 February 1936 National team U-21 team UEFA
Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic Kazakhstan 1992 National team U-21 team UEFA[1]
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 25 February 1992 National team U-23 team AFC
Moldova Moldova 14 April 1990 National team U-21 team UEFA
Russia Russia 8 February 1992 National team U-21 team UEFA
Tajikistan Tajikistan 1936 National team U-23 team AFC
Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic Turkmenistan 1992 National team U-23 team AFC
Ukraine Ukraine 13 December 1991 National team U-21 team UEFA
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 1946 National team U-23 team AFC

1. ^ Kazakhstan were affiliated with the AFC from 1994 until 2002, when they joined UEFA.

National federations outside the CIS association

Estonia Estonia 14 December 1921 National team U-21 team UEFA
Latvia Latvia 1921 National team U-21 team UEFA
Lithuania Lithuania 9 December 1922 National team U-21 team UEFA

UEFA Euro 1992 squad

Head coach: Russia Anatoliy Byshovets

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Club
1 GK Russia Dmitri Kharine 16 August 1968 (aged 23) 12 Russia CSKA Moscow
2 DF Russia Andrey Chernyshov 7 January 1968 (aged 24) 23 Russia Spartak Moscow
3 DF Georgia (country) Kakhaber Tskhadadze 7 September 1968 (aged 23) 5 Russia Spartak Moscow
4 DF Ukraine Akhrik Tsveiba[a] 10 September 1966 (aged 25) 22 Ukraine Dynamo Kiev
5 DF Ukraine Oleh Kuznetsov 22 March 1963 (aged 29) 60 Scotland Rangers
6 MF Russia Igor Shalimov 2 February 1969 (aged 23) 23 Italy Foggia
7 MF Ukraine Oleksiy Mykhaylychenko 30 March 1963 (aged 29) 38 Scotland Rangers
8 FW Russia Andrei Kanchelskis 23 January 1969 (aged 23) 20 England Manchester United
9 MF Belarus Sergei Aleinikov 7 November 1961 (aged 30) 75 Italy Lecce
10 MF Russia Igor Dobrovolski 27 August 1967 (aged 24) 26 Switzerland Servette
11 FW Russia Sergei Yuran 11 June 1969 (aged 22) 13 Portugal Benfica
12 GK Russia Stanislav Cherchesov 2 September 1963 (aged 28) 10 Russia Spartak Moscow
13 FW Russia Sergei Kiriakov 1 January 1970 (aged 22) 8 Russia Dynamo Moscow
14 FW Ukraine Volodymyr Lyutyi 20 April 1962 (aged 30) 5 Germany MSV Duisburg
15 FW Russia Igor Kolyvanov 6 March 1968 (aged 24) 22 Italy Foggia
16 MF Russia Dmitri Kuznetsov 28 August 1965 (aged 26) 17 Spain Espanyol
17 MF Russia Igor Korneev 4 September 1967 (aged 24) 5 Spain Espanyol
18 DF Russia Viktor Onopko 14 October 1969 (aged 22) 1 Russia Spartak Moscow
19 MF Russia Igor Lediakhov 22 May 1968 (aged 24) 7 Russia Spartak Moscow
20 DF Russia Andrei Ivanov 6 April 1967 (aged 25) 3 Russia Spartak Moscow
  1. ^ Tsveiba was capped once by Ukraine, in 1992. He switched allegiance to Russia in 1997, earning eight caps.

In total, the CIS squad contained eight Russians, six Ukrainians (one born in Germany), a Georgian, a Belarusian, an Abkhazian, a Circassian, and an Ossetian. Caps included games played for the Soviet team as well as the CIS. Some players simultaneously played for other national teams such as Kakhaber Tskhadadze (Georgia) and Akhrik Tsveiba (Ukraine).

With the exception of Volodymyr Lyutyi, all the players resumed their international careers with their respective individual nations. Russia qualified for the 1994 FIFA World Cup in the United States with the bulk of the Euro 1992 CIS squad but due to the incident with the Letter of fourteeners in November 1993, Igor Shalimov, Igor Dobrovolsky, Igor Kolyvanov, Sergei Kiriakov, Vasili Kulkov, and Andrei Kanchelskis were excluded from the national team. Oleg Salenko and Andrei Ivanov, who also signed the letter, eventually withdrew their signatures. Tsveiba and Chernyshov were later called to the Russia national football team.

Although almost one third of the team were from Ukraine, only two Ukrainian players and an Abkhazian (Akhrik Tsveiba) ever played for the Ukraine national football team, while another four chose to play for the Russian national team.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Includes two FIFA-sanctioned friendlies against Mexico, that were not registered with the Russian Football Federation.

External links

1992 in Russian football

1992 was the first season Russia held its own national football competition since the breakup of the Soviet Union.

Anthem of Europe

"Anthem of Europe" is the anthem of the Council of Europe and the European Union. It is based on "Ode to Joy" from the final movement of Beethoven's 9th Symphony composed in 1823, and is played on official occasions by both organisations.

Authorised Neutral Athletes

Authorised Neutral Athlete (ANA) is the category under which Russian athletes can compete at international competitions after the doping scandal which first came to light in December 2014.

Belarus

Belarus (; Belarusian: Беларусь, IPA: [bʲɛlaˈrusʲ]), officially the Republic of Belarus (Belarusian: Рэспубліка Беларусь, Russian: Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Russian: Белоруссия), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest. Its capital and most populous city is Minsk. Over 40% of its 207,600 square kilometres (80,200 sq mi) is forested. Its major economic sectors are service industries and manufacturing. Until the 20th century, different states at various times controlled the lands of modern-day Belarus, including the Principality of Polotsk (11th to 14th centuries), the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Russian Empire.

In the aftermath of the 1917 Russian Revolution, Belarus declared independence as the Belarusian People's Republic, which was conquered by Soviet Russia. The Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia became a founding constituent republic of the Soviet Union in 1922 and was renamed as the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (Byelorussian SSR). Belarus lost almost half of its territory to Poland after the Polish–Soviet War of 1919–1921. Much of the borders of Belarus took their modern shape in 1939, when some lands of the Second Polish Republic were reintegrated into it after the Soviet invasion of Poland, and were finalized after World War II. During WWII, military operations devastated Belarus, which lost about a third of its population and more than half of its economic resources. The republic was redeveloped in the post-war years. In 1945 the Byelorussian SSR became a founding member of the United Nations, along with the Soviet Union and the Ukrainian SSR.The parliament of the republic proclaimed the sovereignty of Belarus on 27 July 1990, and during the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Belarus declared independence on 25 August 1991. Alexander Lukashenko has served as the country's first president since 1994. Belarus has been labeled "Europe's last dictatorship" by some Western journalists, on account of Lukashenko's self-described authoritarian style of government. Lukashenko continued a number of Soviet-era policies, such as state ownership of large sections of the economy. Elections under Lukashenko's rule have been widely criticized as unfair; and according to many countries and organizations, political opposition has been violently suppressed. Belarus is also the last country in Europe using the death penalty. Belarus's Democracy Index rating is the lowest in Europe, the country is labelled as "not free" by Freedom House, as "repressed" in the Index of Economic Freedom, and is rated as by far the worst country for press freedom in Europe in the 2013–14 Press Freedom Index published by Reporters Without Borders, which ranks Belarus 157th out of 180 nations.In 2000, Belarus and Russia signed a treaty for greater cooperation, forming the Union State. Over 70% of Belarus's population of 9.49 million resides in urban areas. More than 80% of the population is ethnic Belarusian, with sizable minorities of Russians, Poles and Ukrainians. Since a referendum in 1995, the country has had two official languages: Belarusian and Russian. The Constitution of Belarus does not declare any official religion, although the primary religion in the country is Eastern Orthodox Christianity. The second-most widespread religion, Roman Catholicism, has a much smaller following; nevertheless, Belarus celebrates both Orthodox and Catholic versions of Christmas and Easter as national holidays. Belarus is a member of the United Nations since its founding, the Commonwealth of Independent States, CSTO, EEU, and the Non-Aligned Movement. Belarus has shown no aspirations for joining the European Union but nevertheless maintains a bilateral relationship with the organisation, and likewise participates in two EU projects: the Eastern Partnership and the Baku Initiative.

CIS Football (disambiguation)

CIS Football is the former name of U Sports football, the highest level of amateur play of Canadian football.

CIS football can also refer to:

CIS national football team, an association football team of the Football Federation of the Soviet Union in 1992.

CIS (rugby), a rugby union side that played matches during 1991 and 1992.

CIS Soccer, former name of U Sports Soccer.

Estadio Tamaulipas

The Estadio Tamaulipas is a football stadium in the southern portion of the Mexican state of Tamaulipas, serving as the home of Tampico Madero F.C.. It sits across two municipalities, Tampico and Ciudad Madero, and has a capacity of 19,667. The center line of the stadium sits on the municipal boundary.

Football Federation of Ukraine

The Football Federation of Ukraine (FFU) (Ukrainian: Федерація Футболу України) is the governing body of football in Ukraine. As a subject of the International Olympic Movement FFU is a member of the National Olympic Committee of Ukraine. FFU is also member of international football organizations such as UEFA and FIFA.

Football Federation of Ukraine governs all sport events and organizations associated with the game of football including irregular competitions of beach football, mini-football, street football and others. Its main features include football competitions including the Ukrainian Professional League, the Ukrainian Cup, the Amatory, the competitions among the youth (under-18), and also the Ukraine national football team. It also sets the regulations to the Premier League and the Professional Football League.

It is headquartered in the national capital, Kiev near the Olimpiyskiy National Sports Complex at the House of Football.

The organization was established in 1991. Between 1932-1991 with the Football Federation of the Soviet Union there existed its direct predecessor, Football Federation of Ukraine (Ukrainian SSR). The Soviet federation of Ukraine also conducted own championship, cup competitions, competitions among amateur teams (collectives of physical culture), as well as had own national team which participated exclusively in Soviet competitions such as the Spartakiad of Peoples of the USSR.

Football in Tajikistan

Football is the most popular sport in Tajikistan, a country that gained independence in 1991. The national association regularly takes part in competitions organised by FIFA and the Asian Football Confederation at senior and youth level. However, the country has not yet enjoyed any real success. While funds are limited, costs for travel and accommodation for international matches are prohibitively high. It is therefore extremely difficult for the national teams to gain experience, apart from in official competitions.

Russia at the FIFA World Cup

Russia has participated in 4 FIFA World Cups since its independence in December 1991. The Russian Federation played their first international match against Mexico on 16 August 1992 winning 2-0. Their first participation in a World Cup was the United States of America in 1994 and they achieved 18th place. In 1946 the Soviet Union was accepted by FIFA and played their first World Cup in Sweden 1958. The Soviet Union represented 15 Socialist republics and various football federations, and the majority of players came from the Dynamo Kyiv team of the Ukrainian SSR. The Soviet Union national football team played in 7 World Cups. Their best performance was reaching 4th place in England 1966. However Soviet football was dissolved in 1991 when Belarus, Russia and Ukraine declared independence under the Belavezha Accords. The CIS national football team (Commonwealth of Independent States) was formed with other independent nations in 1992 but did not participate in any World Cups.

Serhiy Pohodin

Serhiy Anatoliyovych Pohodin (Ukrainian: Сергій Анатолійович Погодін; Russian: Серге́й Анатольевич Погодин; born 29 April 1968) is a Ukrainian professional football coach and a former player.

Soviet Union national football team

The Soviet Union national football team (Russian: сбо́рная Сове́тского Сою́за по футбо́лу, sbornaya Sovyetskogo Soyuza po futbolu) was the national football team of the Soviet Union.

After the breakup of the Union the team was transformed into the CIS national football team (a formality name for a team of the non-existing country of Soviet Union). FIFA considers the CIS national football team (and ultimately, the Russia national football team) as the Soviet successor team allocating its former records to them (except for the Olympic records which are not combined due to the IOC policy); nevertheless, a large percentage of the team's former players came from outside the Russian SFSR, mainly from the Ukrainian SSR, and following the breakup of the Soviet Union, some such as Andrei Kanchelskis from the former Ukrainian SSR, continued to play in the new Russia national football team.

The Soviet Union failed to qualify for the World Cup only twice, in 1974 and 1978, and attended seven finals tournaments in total. Their best finish was fourth in 1966, when they lost to West Germany in the semifinals, 2–1. The Soviet Union qualified for five European Championships, winning the inaugural competition in 1960 when they beat Yugoslavia in the final, 2–1. They finished second three times (1964, 1972, 1988), and fourth once (1968), when, having drawn with Italy in the semi-final, they were sent to the third place playoff match by the loss of a coin toss. The Soviet Union national team also participated in number of Olympic tournaments earning the gold medal in the 1956 and 1988. The Soviet team continued to field its national team players in Olympic tournaments despite the prohibition of FIFA in 1958 to field any national team players in Olympics (players in the Olympics were required to be amateurs at the time, Soviets effectively bent the rules by listing their best players in the military). However, in 1960 and in 1964 the Soviets were fielding its second national team.

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan ( (listen) or (listen); Turkmen: Türkmenistan, pronounced [tʏɾkmɛnɪˈθtɑn]), formerly known as Turkmenia, officially the Republic of Turkmenistan, is a country in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, and the Caspian Sea to the west. Ashgabat is the capital and largest city. The population of the country is 5.6 million, the lowest of the Central Asian republics and one of the most sparsely populated in Asia.

Turkmenistan has been at the crossroads of civilizations for centuries. In medieval times, Merv was one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road, a caravan route used for trade with China until the mid-15th century. Annexed by the Russian Empire in 1881, Turkmenistan later figured prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in Central Asia. In 1925, Turkmenistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkmen SSR); it became independent upon the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.Turkmenistan possesses the world's sixth largest reserves of natural gas resources. Most of the country is covered by the Karakum (Black Sand) Desert. From 1993 to 2017, citizens received government-provided electricity, water and natural gas free of charge.The sovereign state of Turkmenistan was ruled by President for Life Saparmurat Niyazov (also known as Turkmenbashi) until his death in 2006. Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow was elected president in 2007. According to Human Rights Watch, "Turkmenistan remains one of the world’s most repressive countries. The country is virtually closed to independent scrutiny, media and religious freedoms are subject to draconian restrictions, and human rights defenders and other activists face the constant threat of government reprisal." After suspending the death penalty, the use of capital punishment was formally abolished in the 2008 constitution.

UEFA Euro 1992

The 1992 UEFA European Football Championship was hosted by Sweden between 10 and 26 June 1992. It was the ninth European Football Championship, which is held every four years and supported by UEFA.

Denmark won the 1992 championship. The team had qualified only after Yugoslavia was disqualified as a result of the breakup and warfare in the country. Eight national teams contested the finals tournament.Also present at the tournament was the CIS national football team (Commonwealth of Independent States), representing the recently dissolved Soviet Union whose national team had qualified for the tournament. It was also the first major tournament at which the reunified Germany (who were beaten 2–0 by Denmark in the final) had competed.

It was to be the last tournament with only eight participants, the last to award the winner of a match with only two points, and the last tournament before the introduction of the back-pass rule, which was brought in immediately after the tournament was completed. When the next competition was held in 1996, 16 teams were involved and were awarded 3 points for a win.

Ukraine 1–3 Hungary (1992 association football friendly)

Ukraine v Hungary (29 April 1992) was the first international game for the Ukrainian national football team to be recognised by FIFA. The game took place in the city of Uzhhorod close to the border with Hungary in the spring of 1992 and saw Hungary win 3-1.

Ukraine at the FIFA World Cup

This is a record of Ukraine's results at the FIFA World Cup. The FIFA World Cup, sometimes called the Football World Cup or the Soccer World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the first tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946, due to World War II.

The tournament consists of two parts, the qualification phase and the final phase (officially called the World Cup Finals). The qualification phase, which currently take place over the three years preceding the Finals, is used to determine which teams qualify for the Finals. The current format of the Finals involves 32 teams competing for the title, at venues within the host nation (or nations) over a period of about a month. The World Cup Finals is the most widely viewed sporting event in the world, with an estimated 715.1 million people watching the 2006 tournament final.Ukraine have appeared in the finals of the FIFA World Cup on one occasion in 2006 where they reached the quarter finals. It was their first ever official appearance at international finals since breaking away from the Soviet Union in 1991. However, before 1996 some of its players played for the Soviet Union national football team and CIS national football team. Among few there were Oleksiy Mykhaylychenko, Hennadiy Lytovchenko, Oleh Luzhny, Ivan Hetsko and others.

Ukraine at the UEFA European Championship

Ukraine have appeared in only two UEFA European Championships — Euro 2012 and Euro 2016. (Before 1996 some of its players played for the Soviet Union national football team and CIS national football team — Oleksiy Mykhailychenko, Hennadiy Lytovchenko, Oleh Luzhny, Ivan Hetsko and others.)

For Euro 2012, they qualified automatically as one of the host countries. This marked their début at the major European football tournament. In their opening game against Sweden, Ukraine won 2–1 in Kiev. Despite the team's efforts, the co-hosts were eliminated after a 0–2 loss to France and a 0–1 loss to England, all in Donetsk. The UEFA Euro 2012 was the second ever international final that Ukraine appeared following their international finals debut in the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

For Euro 2016, Ukraine qualified via the play-offs.

Unified Team at the 1992 Winter Olympics

The Unified Team at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville was a joint team consisting of six of the fifteen former Soviet republics: Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Uzbekistan and Armenia that chose to compete together. The Unified Team's only other appearance was at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. It competed under the IOC country code EUN (from the French Equipe Unifiée).

Unified Team at the Olympics

The Unified Team was the name used for the sports team of the former Soviet Union

(except the Baltic states) at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville and the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. The IOC country code was EUN, after the French name, Équipe unifiée. The Unified Team was sometimes informally called the CIS Team (Commonwealth of Independent States, as a counterpart of CIS national football team taking part in Euro 1992 of the same year), although Georgia did not join the CIS until 1993.

During the Winter Olympics, the National Olympic Committees (NOCs) of the constituent countries had not yet been affiliated to the IOC, so the Olympic Flag was used in place of a national flag at the Opening Ceremony and at medals ceremonies, and the Olympic Hymn was played for gold medallists. By the time of the Summer Olympics, the NOCs had affiliated separately, though they fielded a joint team with a standard uniform as Olympic qualifying rounds had been completed before the final demise of the Soviet Union. Where an EUN individual won a medal, the national flag of the medallist's nation was raised rather than the Olympic flag, and a gold medallist's national anthem was played rather than the Olympic Hymn. In team sports, the EUN team continued to use the Olympic flag and the Olympic Hymn, as team members represented different nations.

Unified Team at the Paralympics

The Unified Team was the name used for the sports team of 11 former constituent republics of the Soviet Union

(excluding Estonia, Georgia, Latvia, and Lithuania) at the 1992 Winter Paralympics in Albertville and the 1992 Summer Paralympics in Barcelona. The IOC country code was EUN, after the French name, Équipe Unifiée.

The Paralympic Flag was used in place of a national flag at the Opening Ceremony and at medals ceremonies, and the Paralympic Hymn was played for gold medallists.

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