CHCH-DT

CHCH-DT, virtual channel 11 (UHF digital channel 15), is an independent television station licensed to Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. The station is owned by Channel Zero. CHCH's studios are located near the corner of Jackson and Caroline Streets in downtown Hamilton, with additional offices at the Marriott on the Falls in Niagara Falls, Ontario. Its transmitter is located at 481 First Road West in Stoney Creek.

On cable, the station is available on Cogeco Cable channel 12 in Hamilton and Niagara Region, and channel 10 in Halton Region, and Rogers Cable channels 11 and 121 in the Greater Toronto Area. There is also a high definition feed on Cogeco digital channel 707 in Hamilton, Halton and Niagara, and Rogers Cable digital channel 521 in the Greater Toronto Area, and on Shaw Direct classic lineup channel 36 and advanced lineup channel 536. On satellite, the station is available nationwide on Shaw Direct classic lineup channel 345 and advanced lineup channel 41, and on Bell TV on channels 211 (standard definition) and 1057 (high definition). CHCH also streams all of its local programming and a limited amount of syndicated programming live on the Internet, with no provider or geographic restrictions.

Prior to 2009, it was the flagship station for the E! programming service.

CHCH-DT
CHCH2010
Hamilton, Ontario
Canada
BrandingCHCH (general)
CHCH News (newscasts)
SloganYour Superstation (primary)
Great Movies Every Night (secondary)
ChannelsDigital: 15 (UHF)
Virtual: 11 (PSIP)
Translatorssee below
AffiliationsIndependent (1961–2001 and 2009–present)
OwnerChannel Zero
(2190015 Ontario Inc.)
First air dateJune 7, 1954
Call letters' meaningC Hamilton's CHannel or CH Canada, Hamilton[1]
Former callsignsCHCH-TV (1954–2011)
Former channel number(s)Analog:
11 (VHF, 1954–2011)
Digital:
18 (UHF, 2008–2011)
11 (VHF, 2011–2013)
Former affiliationsCBC (1954–1961)
CH / E! (2001–2009)
Bloomberg TV Canada (secondary)
Transmitter power132 kW
Height355.0 m (1,165 ft)
Transmitter coordinates43°12′27″N 79°46′31″W / 43.20750°N 79.77528°W
Licensing authorityCRTC
WebsiteCHCH

History

CBC affiliation

The station signed on the air on June 7, 1954, operating as an affiliate of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). Its studios at 163 Jackson Street West were previously used by CJSH-FM. After CJSH's shutdown, its studios were converted for CHCH.[2] It is the oldest privately owned television station in the Hamilton-Toronto area. At the time, all privately owned television stations in Canada were required to be CBC affiliates. CHCH-TV was founded by Ken Soble, a leader of Hamilton's urban renewal movement, and owner of radio station CHML (900 AM).[3]

Independent station

In 1961, CHCH disaffiliated itself from the CBC and became an independent station. There were three reasons for disaffiliating from CBC: Hamilton is part of the Toronto market, and Toronto-based CBLT already provided full network service to some of CHCH's viewing area; CBLT was about to increase its transmitter power and change frequencies (from VHF channel 9 to channel 6, and eventually channel 5), resulting in a near-100 percent overlap with CHCH; and the station's managers wanted to produce more local programming, instead of being forced to carry CBC programming.

Chch1986
CHCH-TV logo used from the introduction of colour television in 1966 until 1987.

CHCH became the first (and for over a decade, the only) television station in Canada not to be affiliated with any network, as the other private stations (which signed on the air in 1960 or early 1961) that were not affiliated with the CBC had formed the CTV network in October 1961.

Possible flagship of a third network

In the mid-1960s, CHCH was the lead station in United Program Purchase, a consortium of Canadian television stations which began purchasing some programming rights separately from the CTV and CBC networks.[4]

By 1966, UPP was attracting media coverage as the potential foundation for a third Canadian television network.[4] In the fall of that year, Soble's Niagara Television, the licensee of CHCH, put forward a proposal for a network to be branded as NTV.[5] In the original plan, CHCH would have served as the network's flagship station for the Greater Toronto Area. However, the application faced numerous regulatory hurdles and delays, and its main financial backer, Power Corporation of Canada, backed out in 1969. By 1970, however, the network application was revived by former CHCH executive Al Bruner's new Global Communications corporation, with Niagara Television and CHCH no longer involved in the bid; the Global Television Network network launched in 1974 on the new CKGN-TV.

Despite the station's lack of success in becoming a full-fledged network, it did become one of Canada's most prominent syndicators of non-network programming in the 1970s and 1980s, with many of its locally produced entertainment programs airing on television stations across Canada and sometimes internationally.

Superstation CHCH

CHCH became a national superstation on January 1, 1982, when Cancom (now Shaw Broadcast Services) began carrying the station and three others (CHAN-TV Vancouver, CITV Edmonton, and TCTV, essentially a rebroadcaster of CFTM-TV Montreal) to cable television providers in remote regions of the country that otherwise only had access to the CBC.

CHCH1990s
The CHCH-TV logo during the early-to-mid-1990s, before the station's rebranding to ONtv.

ONtv era

CHCH ONTV
CHCH-TV's logo as "ONtv", (1997–2001)[6]

In 1990, Western International Communications (WIC) purchased CHCH. Although the station had been available on cable television in many Ontario markets for years, its broadcast signal coverage was expanded throughout Ontario in 1997 with the launch of several rebroadcasters, in an effort to compete with the reach of Global's Ontario station CIII (channel 6), and with the Baton Broadcast System, a group of mostly CTV-affiliated stations that served most of the province.[7] In turn, WIC rebranded the station as "ONtv" ("Ontario Television"), in line with the branding conventions of many of the company's other stations, such as CHAN-TV in Vancouver (which was branded as "BCTV"), CITV-TV in Edmonton (which was branded as "ITV"), and CHCA-TV in Red Deer, Alberta (which was branded as "RDTV").

Local news programming shifted focus from the station's core market, the Hamilton area, toward Ontario as a whole, in an attempt to challenge what was then a regional news service provided by Global. However, with Hamilton now being largely an afterthought, and other local stations (in Toronto and elsewhere) already strong in the ratings, the shift was unsuccessful, and CHCH's ratings decreased. During the ONtv years, the station also aired WIC's nightly Canada Tonight newscast.

Canwest ownership

In 2000, Canwest purchased WIC's television assets. Since Global had already served the Hamilton area through flagship station CIII-TV's transmitter in Paris, Ontario, Canwest rebranded the station "CH" (or "CH Hamilton") on February 12, 2001 and launched the CH television system in September of that year. This move launched a secondary television system for Canwest's stations in medium-sized cities located near larger markets. Local news coverage was revamped and refocused on the Hamilton/Halton/Niagara region.

Chchnewslogo
The logo used for newscasts from 2007 to 2010; it was used as the de facto branding of the station from 2007 to 2009. This logo is usually still present on some CHCH vehicles. While no longer present on air (save for Terra @ Home promos), fellow ex-E! station CHEK and its Pattison-owned City network affiliates (CFJC, CKPG and CHAT) still use this variation for newscasts/branding.
CHCH News Movies
Logo used by CHCH from 2009 to 2010. It is essentially an altered version with "NEWS-MOVIES" on the bottom centre.

Despite the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission's (CRTC) television station ownership restrictions (one station per owner, per language in each market), Canwest was permitted to maintain CHCH's coverage of other markets throughout most of Ontario. However, it could not broadcast to Thunder Bay, Peterborough or Kingston because of opposition from local television stations. Some cable providers outside of Ontario also continue to carry CHCH as a form of "superstation". Its over-the-air signal also easily covers Buffalo, New York and Erie, Pennsylvania across the Canada–United States border.

On June 7, 2004 at 8:00 p.m., CHCH-TV celebrated exactly 50 years on the air. At this time, the station aired a documentary profiling the station's history, entitled The First 50 Years: A Half Century of CH, which was hosted by Matt Hayes. It was announced that the CH brand would change starting in 2007; however, it remained in use until September 7, 2007 when Canwest rebranded CHCH's local programming from CH Hamilton to CHCH News following the relaunch of the national CH service as E! under a brand licensing agreement with the E! cable channel in the United States. CHCH's non-news schedule was rebranded on the same day as "E! Ontario".

Channel Zero ownership

On February 5, 2009, Canwest announced it would explore "strategic options", including the possible sale or closure, of CHCH and the company's other stations in the E! system, saying "a second conventional TV network is no longer key to the long-term success" of the company.[8] A grassroots group, fronted by Live @ 5:30 co-host Donna Skelly, surfaced with an intent to purchase CHCH from Canwest and return the station to its former local focus.[9][10]

In March 2009 paperwork filed with the CRTC for a one-year renewal of CHCH's licence revealed that the station was projected to lose nearly $30 million during the station's 2010 fiscal year which began on September 1, 2009 – with projected revenues of just $41 million against costs of $69 million. John Douglas, a spokesperson for Canwest, said that CHCH, and its other stations in the E! group, were money losers during the last decade, coupled with the Canadian broadcasters' dependency on American programming for profits.[11]

On June 30, 2009, Channel Zero announced that it would purchase CHCH and CJNT in Montreal from Canwest in exchange for $12 in cash and the assumption of various station liabilities.[12][13] The CRTC approved the sale on August 28, 2009.[14][15] Channel Zero took control of the station's programming at 12:00 a.m. Eastern Time on the morning of August 31, beginning its tenure with a film from the 1980s. CHCH disaffiliated itself from E! (which shut down at the end of that day), and adopted a new programming format consisting of local newscasts throughout the day on weekdays and movies at night (as well as all day on weekends, outside of limited newscasts, infomercials and other select programs during the morning and evening hours), and reverted to branding itself as "CHCH". The first film broadcast in primetime that night was Rocky, signifying the new ownership's come-from-behind spirit. CHCH would add, in sparse amounts, additional programming during the 2009-10 season, including Let's Get It On, a mixed martial arts programme; Ed the Sock's This Movie Sucks!, a movie show featuring the former MuchMusic character alongside co-host Liana Kerzner and comedian Ron Sparks; and infomercials.

In September 2010, CHCH, for the first time since its purchase by Channel Zero, began airing American network television series; many of the programs that were added, including Smallville, Supernatural, Jimmy Kimmel Live!, 48 Hours Mystery, 20/20, Chuck, and 60 Minutes had been seen in the Toronto-Hamilton market on CKXT-TV (channel 52; that station's owner, Quebecor, was in the process of replacing it with the all-news cable channel Sun News Network).[16] CHCH also debuted additional original local programs Sportsline (hosted by Mark Hebscher and Clint "Bubba" O'Neil), and launched a second series with Ed the Sock, the entertainment newsmagazine spoof I Hate Hollywood.[17] Coinciding with the schedule changes was the introduction of an updated version of CHCH's classic multi-coloured logo used from the 1960s to the 1980s.[18][19]

CHCH 2010
CHCH and Channel Zero signs are up on the side of 163 Jackson Street West. E! and CHCH News logos had been placed up in 2007. The red E! logo was removed after Channel Zero took control of CHCH in 2009, and has replaced the previous E! era newscast logo the following year.

On April 10, 2011 Green Party leader Elizabeth May participated in a panel interview on CHCH, which she was invited to attend, as were the leaders of the Bloc Québécois, Liberals, New Democratic Party and Conservatives, by Channel Zero, whose president was disappointed by May's exclusion from the 2011 election leaders' debates.[20]

On April 18, 2011, CKXT-TV converted from an independent station to a simulcast of the Sun News Network, leaving CHCH as the only independent station in the Toronto/Hamilton area (the station ceased operations approximately seven months later on November 1, 2011). On June 8, 2011 at Channel Zero's upfront presentation for advertisers for the 2011-12 television season, the company announced a programming distribution deal with 20th Century Fox, giving CHCH and CJNT access to show first-run exclusive broadcast movie premieres, most notably Avatar, which first aired in May 2012 on both stations, featuring the director's cut version of the film not shown in theatres. Other debut titles included Crazy Heart, Taken and X-Men Origins: Wolverine.[21]

During a broadcast of News Now AM on April 20, 2012, Cogeco's and Shaw Cable's transmissions of CHCH's signal were interrupted for approximately three minutes by the broadcast of a scene from a hardcore gay pornography film from an unidentified adult-oriented specialty channel.[22] The substitution appeared to have been made by a cable operator during repairs of severed cable lines, and not at CHCH, leaving the station's over-the-air viewers and subscribers of other cable and satellite providers unaffected. Channel Zero denied that the programme in question came from any of its adult-oriented Category B specialty channels (Maleflixxx Television, XXX TV and AOV TV).[23] The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission later announced it would be investigating the incident as a cable transmission issue.[24]

In September 2012, CHCH acquired the rights to Wheel of Fortune and Jeopardy! from CBC Television, after the network's exclusive contract to carry both game shows expired.[25] The shows were dropped for the fall 2014 season and The Simpsons began airing on Friday nights.[26] In June 2014, CHCH celebrated its 60th anniversary of broadcasting.

2015 news department bankruptcy and aftermath

On December 11, 2015, CHCH cancelled that evening's 6:00 p.m. newscast amid fears the station was facing a shutdown.[27] Though the station remained on the air, CHCH's daytime rolling news format was discontinued at 4:00 p.m., with Channel Zero CEO Romen Podzyhun appearing on the air to announce that the station's local newscasts would remain off the air through the weekend, and would return on December 14. In addition, Channel Zero announced that Channel 11, L.P., the subsidiary that had produced CHCH's newscasts since 2009, had filed for bankruptcy. Podzyhun blamed this on a loss of federal subsidy and an inability to draw national advertising revenue to a locally oriented station, but stated that the station itself was not shutting down. CHCH's news output will be scaled back to what it determined to be its "core news programs", only producing 17.5 hours of newscasts a week (a morning show and 6:00 and 11:00 newscasts, with no weekend news), after having produced 80 weekly hours of news before the cutbacks; the local news is mainly being maintained to meet the station's licence requirements.[28][29][30] A few programs from Bloomberg Television such as Studio 1.0, Good Fortunes and The Daily Brief were added to the station's schedule the following week.[31] Coincidentally, CHCH's former program The Morning Market used resources from Bloomberg twenty years before CHCH shared common ownership with Bloomberg TV Canada. The news graphics that had been used for morning and daytime news programming were kept intact for Morning Live and daytime programming produced by Channel Zero and Bloomberg TV Canada such as The Pinkertons and The Daily Brief.

In 2015, CHCH-DT teamed up with fellow independent CJON-DT and the three Yes TV stations (including nearby station CITS-DT) to share and syndicate YesTV's secular programming in arrangement referred to in advertising sales information as the Net5 alliance (referring to the three O&Os and two affiliates).[32] Since Fall 2016, CHCH has replaced many airings of these programs with newly acquired daytime shows on weekdays, and movies on the weekends. Net5 was rebranded as indieNET following the addition of two other independent stations.[33]

In the spring of 2016, Channel Zero put the studios of CHCH-DT (from which the station has continuously operated, starting in 1954) on the market. The studios include the historic stone mansion "Pinehurst" (built in 1850 by local politician Tristram Bickle and owned by William Southam from 1892 until his death in 1932), as well as the large silver addition dubbed "Spaceship 11" for its futuristic appearance (built in 1983), for CA$7 million. The sale was to a private investor group named Television City, who will rent out half of "Spaceship 11" to CHCH-DT for two and a half years, while looking for other tenants (Pinehurst is protected by the Ontario Heritage Act and will not be altered). It is expected for the sale to close by the middle of November 2016.[34]

In October 2018, CHCH announced a new location for their studios, leaving their long-time location on Jackson Street West in downtown Hamilton, and moving to a suburb of Flamborough. The property is to be renovated for a news operation, which the station hopes to have up and running by the spring of 2021.[35]

Programming

As an independent station, CHCH produced local programs such as the children's talent programme Tiny Talent Time (which was revived in September 2014 in honour of the station's 60th anniversary),[36] Jane Gray's Hobby Time and a daily talk show hosted by Elaine Callei. The station broadcast home games from the Hamilton Red Wings (a minor league hockey team in the OHA Junior "A" league that was an affiliate of the NHL's Detroit Red Wings) from the Hamilton Forum (which were both owned by Ken Soble) on Thursday nights in the 1960s, with Norm Marshall doing the play-by-play.

The station also produced a number of important Canadian syndicated series in the 1970s and 1980s, including The Pierre Berton Show, The Hilarious House of Frightenstein, Me & Max, Party Game, The Baxters and Smith & Smith, and was the original television home of The Red Green Show. Hamilton native Martin Short also made his television debut on the station. The 1986–87 syndicated revival of Split Second also taped at CHCH's studios; their involvement was noted in the credits of the show in Canadian broadcasts, whereas the American copies only noted distributor Viacom Enterprises.

For a time, CHCH broadcast local mid-week telecasts of NHL games from the Toronto Maple Leafs, and co-produced Buffalo Sabres games with Adelphia Cable and the Sabres' owners. It also produced a wrestling show called Ringside Wrestling, which was filmed in the Telecentre, before later moving to the Hamilton Forum. The station later reproduced World Wrestling Federation programs for Canadian audiences before the company's focus shifted entirely to cable television. For a number of years, CHCH also broadcast Sunday afternoon coverage of regular season games from the NFL's Buffalo Bills because CTV (and later, the Global Television Network) had to choose the Detroit Lions for its Ontario stations as part of that network's NFL coverage (the Bills are now seen primarily on Sportsnet Ontario; the Lions have returned to CTV). McMaster Marauders university football was broadcast on the station during the late 1990s and early 2000s; beginning in 2015, CHCH resumed carrying Ontario University Athletics football, carrying the conference's playoff tournaments and, beginning in 2017 after City passed on the package, some regular season games as well.[37][38]

As of September 2018, in its current incarnation, in addition to its locally produced newscasts which are geared primarily to the Golden Horseshoe region of Southern Ontario, CHCH airs a retro programming block in the daytime, featuring sitcoms and dramas from the 1970's and 1980's, weekdays from 10am to 6pm. The station also runs movies and only a handful of first-run domestic and American entertainment programs during primetime and the late evening hours. A syndication deal with 20th Television provides the station with programming from both the National Geographic Channel and the MTM Enterprises libraries. By September 2018, the station had reformatted to emphasize classic television during the daytime hours, and most of the National Geographic programming was dropped.

Some of the same imported programs air on CHEK-DT in Victoria, British Columbia, a separately-owned independent station which had been CHCH's sister station during the WIC, CH and E! eras; upon the initial dissolution of the E! system, the two stations collectively purchased a virtually identical lineup of prime time programming, although their prime time schedules later began to diverge. CHEK currently airs entertainment programs from Yes TV, which already serves the Toronto-Hamilton market with CITS-DT.

Current programs

First-run

Re-runs

Former programs

News operation

CHCH airs 24½ hours of local news each week. 22½ hours are broadcast on weekdays, which includes an hour-long 6pm newscast, a half-hour 11pm newscast, and three hours of Morning Live each weekday. An additional hour of Morning Live is aired at 9am, which is a repeat of the 8am hour. Weekend news consists of an hour-long evening newscast which airs at 6pm, and half-hour at 11pm both Saturday and Sunday.[43]

CHCH Television truck, Summer 2012
One of CHCH's current news vehicles.

Since 2008

Jaclyn Colville
Jaclyn Colville at the Hamilton Festival of Friends in 2012.

In late 2008, Canwest placed CHCH's longest serving news anchors, Connie Smith (whose last day on the air occurred on November 28, 2008) and Dan McLean (who left on December 12) on forced retirement, blaming financial troubles and budget cuts. After their departures, Annette Hamm began handling anchoring duties on a shortened noon newscast, and co-hosting Morning Live with Bob Cowan, while Nick Dixon took over anchoring duties on the 6:00 p.m. newscast. Since being taken over by Channel Zero on August 31, 2009, Hamm and Cowan have co-hosted a restored hour-long newscast at noon. A few local non-news programming were also cancelled at this time including At Home, Sportscope, Niagara Express, and Straight Talk.

In January 2009, CHCH's Morning Live programme began to be simulcast on former Toronto sister station CIII-TV owing to the cancellation of its own morning newscast Global News Morning. The simulcast on CIII was dropped at the end of August after Channel Zero took control of CHCH, with CIII replacing it with lifestyle programming reruns and rebroadcasts of its 11:00 p.m. newscast from the previous night. While the station continued to share helicopter traffic services provided by the Canadian Traffic Network, the arrangement between Canwest and CHCH ended on December 31, 2009 as Canwest held the exclusive rights to CTN services in the Greater Toronto Area. Upon becoming an independent station on August 31, 2009, the station adopted a news-intensive format, replacing network programming in the 9:00 a.m. to noon and 1:00 to 4:00 p.m. periods on weekdays with expanded newscasts.

On September 12, 2011, CHCH increased its local news programming by launching a 90-minute extension of Morning Live, titled Morning Live First Edition, airing weekdays from 4:00 to 5:30 a.m.; this made CHCH the first Canadian television station (and the first in the Buffalo-Niagara region; WGRZ would follow with a 4:30 a.m. newscast in 2012) to air a morning newscast that starts before 5:30 a.m. The programme expanded to two hours, extending it from 4:00 to 6:00 a.m. on September 10, 2012. As a result, the station moved the original Morning Live broadcast's start time by a half-hour and its end time by one hour, running it from 6:00 to 10:00 a.m.[44]

Before declaring bankruptcy in December 2015, CHCH-DT broadcast 77 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 15 hours on weekdays and two hours each on Saturdays and Sundays). It was the highest local newscast output among all broadcast television stations in Canada (surpassing Vancouver's CHAN-DT, which broadcasts 45 hours of local news each week), among all North American broadcast television stations (surpassing Fox affiliates and sister stations WXIN in Indianapolis (which runs 66 hours each week), and WJW in Cleveland (which runs 65½ hours each week), and also not counting 24-hour all-local-news stations such as Time Warner Cable News), and among the numerous stations in the Buffalo Niagara Region (significantly more than the 47½ hours provided by the WIVB/WNLO duopoly).

Its heavy weekday newscast total was largely due to a prominent daytime rolling news block on weekdays (airing from 4:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., along with an hour-long newscast at 6:00 p.m., and 11:00 p.m.). In addition, the station also produced a half-hour sports discussion programme called Sportsline, which aired each weeknight at 5:00 p.m.; and a half-hour political discussion programme Square Off, which immediately followed Sportsline at 5:30 p.m. The rolling news block was removed for an hour at 1 p.m. to air Justice with Judge Mablean.

On December 11, 2015, at 4:00 p.m., Channel Zero CEO and Chairman Romen Podzyhun announced, in a pre-recorded message, that Channel 11 L.P., the division responsible for providing news programming for CHCH and the employer of the relevant staff, was declaring bankruptcy, and news programming was suspended immediately. He added that a major restructuring and changes to news coverage would start the following Monday.

Restructuring of the news operation

Because of the bankruptcy, the entire staff of 165 was cut in the news organization. The new company that was formed in the restructuring offered jobs to 81, including 58 full-time and 23 part-time positions.[45] Chris Fuoco, Channel Zero vice-president, said that by 3 p.m. on December 15, 77 people had accepted the offer of employment with the new company.[46]

The restructuring was viewed by some as a union-busting[47] attempt in light of a December 14 note sent by a CHCH News Account manager, Kathleen Marks, to a prospective advertiser indicating that the new company would not be burdened by the union or old CanWest debt.[47] The union, Unifor, asked Channel Zero to honour its commitment. According to the Toronto Star, "Under Ontario law, businesses must honour existing collective agreements when they take over a company unless they dramatically change the nature of the work being performed."[47]

A Hamilton Spectator article on December 16 indicated that a meeting between Channel Zero and Unifor was scheduled for later that day and that Channel Zero insisted that the note about the union was written by an individual who was not a company spokesperson. Sarah Gardiner of Channel Zero also countered the union-busting allegation, stating that it was false and adding that "Many unionized employees were hired" [by the new company].[45] The amount offered to laid-off employees is in dispute with Channel Zero claiming a minimum of $4000 to be paid per person (for any accrued vacation, expense reimbursements and regular pay) and some employees disputing that amount.[48] A news item on the CHCH web site, dated December 15, indicated that no severance pay had been offered to any employee, although all were union members.[49] The bankruptcy documents indicate $1.6 million owed to employees, though without specifics.

After several calls, emails and social media posts from viewers over the two months since the restructuring, CHCH announced on February 18, 2015 that Morning Live would return to a start time of 6am on February 22. The show will be live from 6am to 9am, with the 8am hour repeated from 9am to 10am.

On September 7, 2016, CHCH announced the return of local weekend news programming with two half hours of news at 6pm and 11pm starting October 29, 2016, citing advertiser and viewer demand.[50] The announcement came three months after the CRTC announced plans to launch a local news fund to subsidize local newscasts.[43]

Affected on-air employees

The CHCH web site stated that "Going forward, Morning Live will air between 7am to 9am, the 6 o'clock newcast will be anchored by Nick Dixon and Taz Boga, and Taz will return for a half hour at 11:00pm."[49] Metroland Media reported that Nick Dixon will also produce the 6 p.m. newscast, and that the on-air personalities or reporters who had been laid off[51] include Lori D'Angelis, Matt Hayes, Donna Skelly, Ken Welch, Scot Urquhart, Lauran Sabourin, Liz West, Mark Hebscher, Jaclyn Harper (Colville), Natalie Marconi, Miranda Anthistle and Elise Copps. The shorter Morning Live show will continue to be anchored by Bob Cowan and Annette Hamm.

Square Off was revived into a podcast called Unplugged, and later No Fun Intended by former co-hosts Mark Hebscher and Liz West, with the same format.[52] However, it appears this podcast has ended, with both Hebscher and West moving on to independent projects. Hebscher now hosts a sports podcast, and West is working in independent productions.

Notable on-air staff

Notable on-air staff

  • Annette Hamm – Co-Host, Morning Live
  • Taz Boga – Anchor, Evening News at 6 and 11

Former on-air staff

Transmitters

On August 28, 1996, CHCH received Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission approval to add new rebroadcast transmitters across most of Ontario.[53] The launch of the transmitters in 1997 coincided with the rebranding of the station as "ONtv".

Station City of licence Channel Virtual ERP HAAT Transmitter Coordinates
CHCH-DT-1 Ottawa 22 (UHF) 11.1 (PSIP) 25 kW 216 m 45°13′2″N 75°33′49″W / 45.21722°N 75.56361°W
CHCH-DT-2 London 51 (UHF)
(to move to 14 (UHF))
51.1 (PSIP) 190 kW 296.5 m 42°50′27″N 81°51′29″W / 42.84083°N 81.85806°W
CHCH-DT-3 Muskoka 23 (UHF) 67.1 (PSIP) 63 kW 306.7 m 44°58′14″N 79°46′57″W / 44.97056°N 79.78250°W
CHCH-TV-4 Sudbury 41 (UHF) N/A 35 kW 171.9 m 46°25′29″N 81°0′53″W / 46.42472°N 81.01472°W
CHCH-TV-5 Sault Ste. Marie 38 (UHF) N/A 5 kW 112.5 m 46°35′50″N 84°16′53″W / 46.59722°N 84.28139°W
CHCH-TV-6 North Bay 32 (UHF) N/A 5 kW 116 m 46°18′10″N 79°24′39″W / 46.30278°N 79.41083°W
CHCH-TV-7 Timmins 11 (VHF) N/A 3.3 kW 142.2 m 48°28′12″N 81°17′49″W / 48.47000°N 81.29694°W

During the analog television shutdown and digital conversion in August 2011, CHCH's transmitters in Ottawa, London, and Muskoka (serving Barrie, part of the Toronto market) were converted to digital, since the transmitters were in or near markets that were mandated to make the switch. However, the transmitters broadcast in standard-definition 480i since they receive the CHCH signal via Shaw Broadcast Services, which does not carry CHCH's HD feed.

Digital television and high definition

Digital channel

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[54]
11.1 1080i 16:9 CHCH-DT Main CHCH-DT programming

Analogue-to-digital conversion

CHCH HD
CHCH HD logo

The station launched its digital signal on UHF channel 18 on April 18, 2008.[55] CHCH shut down its analogue signal, over VHF channel 11, on August 15, 2011, two weeks prior to the August 31 date on which Canadian television stations in CRTC-designated mandatory markets transitioned from analogue to digital broadcasts. The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 18 to its former analogue-era VHF channel 11.[56][57] The analogue signal was discontinued immediately preceding the switch. CHCH-DT is available on digital cable and over-the-air through digital tuners and converter boxes. Since September 12, 2011, CHCH's HD feed has been carried by satellite provider Bell TV on channel 1057.

On March 9, 2012, Channel Zero-operated numbered company 2190015 Ontario Inc. was granted permission to move the station's broadcasts from VHF channel 11 to UHF channel 15 (which had recently been vacated by CKXT-DT-1), in response to poor reception of CHCH-DT along its fringes in the Greater Toronto Area, compared to its former analogue signal on VHF channel 11 and transitional digital signal on UHF channel 18. During the application process, the station also claimed that Mobile DTV services perform better in the UHF band, and this move would allow the station to plan for a potential Mobile DTV feed. Industry Canada stated that this application is technically feasible, though pirate broadcaster Star Ray TV, had broadcast in analogue on UHF channel 15 from a transmitter in The Beaches neighbourhood of Toronto. (Star Ray would convert to digital following CHCH's reassignment to channel 15, broadcasting on UHF channel 22.) Tri-State Christian Television's WNYB from Jamestown, New York also has a Buffalo-based translator, WBNF-CD, on UHF channel 15, which would require addressing by the CRTC due to the closer location of CHCH's transmitter to WBNF-CD.[58]

On November 12, 2013, CHCH began transmitting a test signal on UHF channel 15, displaying colour bars and tone with text message reading "CHCH-DT RF15 Testing". On December 2, 2013, CHCH moved its digital signal to channel 15, allowing CHCH to broadcast with a considerably higher power of 132 kW compared to 6 kW on channel 11 and 60 kW from their former transitional digital frequency on channel 18. The station's virtual channel will continue to be mapped as 11.1.

References

  1. ^ https://www.broadcasting-history.ca/listing_and_histories/television/chch-dt
  2. ^ https://www.broadcasting-history.ca/listing_and_histories/radio/cjsh-fm
  3. ^ "Hamilton Spectator: "The Greatest Hamiltonian". (II)". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-02-11.
  4. ^ a b "Backbone of third TV network takes shape in CHCH schedule". The Globe and Mail, March 31, 1966.
  5. ^ "Soble's pitch". The Globe and Mail, October 27, 1996.
  6. ^ ONtv trademark data on Canadian Trademark Database
  7. ^ "CHCH-TV Seeks Ontario Expansion" (Press release). Niagara Television Limited. January 30, 1996. Archived from the original on January 3, 1997. Retrieved March 16, 2012.
  8. ^ "Canwest may sell TV stations". cbc.ca, February 5, 2009.
  9. ^ "CHCH staff launch bold bid" The Hamilton Spectator (2009-02-26)
  10. ^ "Will townsfolk save the House of Frightenstein?" From Toronto Star, March 15, 2009.
  11. ^ CHCH-TV, Hamilton Projected to Lose $30-million, Broadcaster Magazine, March 18, 2009.
  12. ^ Channel Zero Inc. agrees to purchase CHCH-TV Hamilton and CJNT-TV Montreal from Canwest CNW Group (2009-06-30)
  13. ^ Channel Zero Inc. agrees to purchase CHCH-TV Hamilton and CJNT-TV Montreal from Canwest (Video News Coverage) (2009-06-30)
  14. ^ Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2009-536
  15. ^ Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2009-537
  16. ^ Channel Zero loads up on U.S. network series, THR, 2010-06-14
  17. ^ ed the sock
  18. ^ Source: CHCH Fall 2010 press release Archived 2011-07-08 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ CHCH 2010 Fall Preview – New shows, new logo and more
  20. ^ "CHCH-TV to Broadcast "Elizabeth May, For the Record" Live this Sunday, April 10, 2011 – 8 pm ET". CNW Group. CNW. April 8, 2011. Archived from the original on September 5, 2012. Retrieved April 10, 2011.
  21. ^ CHCH and Metro 14 Announce Fall Line-Up
  22. ^ Gay Porn Interrupts Canadian Local TV Newscast, The Hollywood Reporter, April 20, 2012.
  23. ^ Hamilton, Ont., news station broadcasts gay porn, Toronto Sun, April 20, 2012.
  24. ^ movie interrupts morning news broadcast at Hamilton TV station, The National Post, Apr 20, 2012.
  25. ^ "Canada's CHCH Buys 'Jeopardy' and 'Wheel of Fortune'". Retrieved 2014-07-23.
  26. ^ http://chch.com/pdf/2014-2015_CHCH_Media_Kit.pdf
  27. ^ http://www.thespec.com/news-story/6180588-chch-tv-cancels-tonight-s-newscast-station-future-uncertain/
  28. ^ Carter, Adam (December 11, 2015). "CHCH News files for bankruptcy, cancels Friday and weekend newscasts". CBC Hamilton. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
  29. ^ Watson, Jen (December 11, 2015). "CHCH TV scaling back local news amid bankruptcy filing". AM900 CHML. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
  30. ^ Friend, David (December 11, 2015). "Hamilton's CHCH channel cuts back on local news in an effort to save costs". Canadian Business. The Canadian Press. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  31. ^ "Schedule". chch.com. CHCH. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
  32. ^ NET5 Profile Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-01-10. Retrieved 2016-10-17.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  34. ^ http://www.thespec.com/opinion-story/6952247-paul-wilson-history-on-the-hill-rolls-on-goodbye-chch-hello-television-city/
  35. ^ https://www.chch.com/chch-finds-new-home-in-hamilton/
  36. ^ Tiny Talent Time returning to Hamilton channel CHCH, Canada.com, June 11, 2013.
  37. ^ https://www.thespec.com/sports-story/5971983-ontario-university-football-back-on-chch/
  38. ^ http://www.oua.ca/sports/fball/2017-18/releases/2017-2018_OUA_Football_Games_Airing_Live_on_CHCH
  39. ^ a b c d http://www.thespec.com/news-story/2094929-chch-cutting-staff-and-shows/
  40. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/19961120060327/http://www.chch.com/news/biographies/connie.htm
  41. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/19961120053329/http://www.chch.com/news/firstedition/
  42. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/19961120053310/http://www.chch.com/news/morningmarket/
  43. ^ a b "CRTC wants TV stations to air 7 hours a week of local news". Toronto Star, June 15, 2016.
  44. ^ CHCH-TV To Launch Canada's Earliest Morning Show
  45. ^ a b Buist, Steve (16 December 2015). "Channel Zero denies it wanted to get rid of CHCH union". The Spectator. Metroland news.
  46. ^ Bennet, Kelly (15 December 2015). "New CHCH station must honour union terms, Unifor says". CBC News. CBC/Radio Canada. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  47. ^ a b c Mojtehedzadeh, Sara (15 December 2015). "CHCH restructures to rid itself of union, leaked email claims". Toronto Star. Toronto, Ontario. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  48. ^ Bennet, Kelly (15 December 2015). "New CHCH station must honour union terms, Unifor says". CBC News. CBC/Radio Canada. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  49. ^ a b no by-line.--> (15 December 2015). "New era at CHCH". CHCH. Channel Zero Inc. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  50. ^ http://www.chch.com/chch-to-bring-back-weekend-news-broadcasts/
  51. ^ Fragomeni, Carmela (15 December 2015). "'It's just a great loss': What CHCH will look like after job cuts". Guelph Tribune (Metroland). Guelph, Ontario. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  52. ^ "About The Show". square-off.ca. April 15, 2016. Retrieved April 15, 2016.
  53. ^ Decision CRTC 96-544
  54. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for CHCH
  55. ^ "Canwest Broadcasting Launches Three New High Definition Transmitters In Major Canadian Markets". Canwest Broadcasting. 2008-04-10. Retrieved 2008-05-03.
  56. ^ Digital Television – Office of Consumer Affairs (OCA) Archived 2013-11-20 at the Wayback Machine
  57. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EoF7jVAgg2g
  58. ^ http://www.crtc.gc.ca/eng/archive/2012/2012-142.htm

External links

Media related to CHCH at Wikimedia Commons

See also

  • ONTV (disambiguation)
CHCH Television Tower

The CHCH Television Tower is a 357.5 metre 1,173 feet-high guyed TV mast located at 481 First Road West in Stoney Creek, Ontario, Canada. The tower houses the primary transmitter for the independent television station CHCH-DT as well as that of CITS-DT, the flagship of the religious Yes TV television system. It is currently the fourth-tallest structure in Canada.

When completed in 1960, the CHCH Television Tower became the tallest structure in Canada. Only six structures built since then have surpassed its height: the CN Tower in Toronto (completed in 1976), the Cape Race LORAN-C transmitter (completed in 1963, collapsed in 1993), the CBC Tower (Mont-Carmel) (completed in 1972, destroyed in 2001), the Inco Superstack in Sudbury (completed in 1971) and the original and replacement guyed mast(s) of the CKX-TV Tower (completed in 1973, collapsed in 1983, rebuilt in 1985). The CHCH tower ranks thirteenth in height among the tallest structures in the Commonwealth of Nations.

The mast is located on the edge of the Niagara Escarpment, so when viewed from the bottom of the escarpment it appears to be exceptionally tall.

CKCO-DT

CKCO-DT, virtual and VHF digital channel 13, is a CTV owned-and-operated television station located in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada. The station is owned by Bell Media. CKCO maintains studio facilities located at 864 King Street West in Kitchener across from the Grand River Hospital near the Waterloo border, and is transmitted from Baden Tower located between Snyders Road East and Highway 7 in Baden, just west of the Kitchener city limits. The station is available on Rogers Cable channels 12 and 109, and in high definition on digital channel 518; Shaw Direct channels 67 (on the advanced lineup) and 369 (on the classic lineup); Bell TV channel 584 and in HD on channel 1045; and Bell Fibe TV channel 201 and in HD on channel 1201.

With Global station CIII-TV having moved its city of license from the Brantford suburb of Paris to Toronto in 2009, Kitchener is now served by two television stations outside those that serve as rebroadcast transmitters of other Ontario television stations – in addition to CKCO, it is served by independent station CHCH-DT in Hamilton.

Channel 11 virtual TV stations in Canada

The following television stations operate on virtual channel 11 in Canada:

CBAFT-DT in Moncton, New Brunswick

CBVT-DT in Quebec City, Quebec

CBXFT-DT in Edmonton, Alberta

CFGC-DT in Sudbury, Ontario

CFRE-DT in Regina, Saskatchewan

CFTF-DT-6 in Rivière-du-Loup, Quebec

CHAU-DT-8 in Cloridorme, Quebec

CHCH-DT in Hamilton, Ontario

CHCH-DT-1 in Ottawa, Ontario

CHNB-DT-1 in Fredericton, New Brunswick

CKMI-DT-2 in Sherbrooke, Quebec

CKWS-DT in Kingston, Ontario

Channel 15 TV stations in Canada

The following television stations broadcast on digital or analog channel 15 in Canada:

CFGC-DT-2 in North Bay, Ontario

CFTO-TV-21 in Orillia, Ontario

CFVS-DT in Val-d'Or, Quebec

CHCH-DT in Hamilton, Ontario

CIII-DT-12 in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario

CIVK-DT in Carleton, Quebec

CIVQ-DT in Quebec City, Quebec

CKMI-DT-1 in Montreal, Quebec

Channel 22 TV stations in Canada

The following television stations broadcast on digital or analog channel 22 in Canada:

CHAN-DT in Vancouver, British Columbia

CHCH-DT-1 in Ottawa, Ontario

CHEX-TV-2 in Oshawa, Ontario

CHKL-DT-2 in Vernon, British Columbia

CHKM-DT in Kamloops, British Columbia

CIII-DT-22 in Stevenson, Ontario

CIVB-DT in Rimouski, Quebec

Channel 23 TV stations in Canada

The following television stations broadcast on digital or analog channel 23 in Canada:

CHAN-TV-6 in Wilson Creek, British Columbia

CHCH-DT-3 in Muskoka, Ontario

CIMT-DT-8 in Cabano, Quebec

CIVI-DT in Victoria, British Columbia

CIVP-DT in Chapeau, Quebec

CJCH-TV-8 in Marinette, Nova Scotia

CKTN-TV-2 in Taghum, British Columbia

Channel 51

Channel 51 may refer to several television stations:

Channel 51 (New Zealand), a regional television station based in Napier, Hawke's Bay, New Zealand

Channel Zero (company)

2308740 Ontario Inc. (doing business as Channel Zero) is an independent Canadian broadcasting and media group, which holds assets in television broadcasting and film distribution.

The company is headquartered in Toronto, Ontario, with its main office in the Junction.

Elvira Kurt

Elvira Kurt (born December 9, 1961) is a Canadian comedian, and the host of the game show Spin Off. She hosted the entertainment satire/talk show PopCultured with Elvira Kurt, which began on The Comedy Network in Canada in 2005. That show's style was similar to The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. It was cancelled due to poor ratings in early 2006. She is of Jewish Hungarian descent.

Openly lesbian, she coined the term "fellagirly" to describe herself and other lesbians whose style is a blend of butch and femme, as opposed to strictly one or the other. Her comedic style relies heavily on complaints about celebrity culture, her own appearance, and the effects of aging.

She performed at the inaugural We're Funny That Way! comedy festival in 1997, and appeared in the festival's documentary film in 1998.In 2007, Kurt hosted the second season of the gay wedding series First Comes Love (which originated in Canada under the title My Fabulous Gay Wedding). She is a judge on The Second City's Next Comedy Legend, a frequent guest on the CBC Radio show The Debaters, and a weekly guest on Q where she does a "Cultural Hall of Shame" segment each week, typically on the last half-hour on the Friday morning broadcast.

Kurt is the host of Spin Off, a prime time quiz show on Hamilton based television station CHCH-DT. Mark Burnett is executive producer and creator of Spin Off, which premiered on September 11, 2013.

Jim Mullin

Jim Mullin is a Vancouver-based broadcaster, producer and promoter. He is the producer and host of Krown Countdown U on CHCH - DT. He was the play-by-play voice for SHAW TV/Global TV for 10 years from 2007-2016. He also hosts and produces Krown Countdown U Radio on the TSN Radio Network. He was one of the project partners behind the proposed Northern 8 football series, which would have scheduled the eight top Canadian university football teams in a series of games for national television.

He was the Vancouver Director of the 47th Vanier Cup, played at BC Place Stadium November 25, 2011. He also provided the play-by-play of the game on TSN Radio on TEAM 1410, with network stations in Montreal TSN 990 and Hamilton CHML 900.

He previously worked with CKNW radio as their sports director before resigning in May 2011. He is the last of a long line of sports directors at the station which included J.P. McConnell, Dave Hodge, Al Davidson and Bill Good Sr. CKNW discontinued the role of sports director in July 2011.

He is also an internationally experienced broadcaster, writer and documentary features producer.

He has called play-by-play of over 550 games in football, basketball, hockey, curling, badminton, equestrian and lacrosse. He was a play-by-play announcer for SHAW TV in Western Canada for University football, Western Hockey League games and Provincial Curling in BC. He called his 100th university football game September 24, 2010 when the Regina Rams faced the UBC Thunderbirds at Thunderbird Stadium. He was the "WHL Insider" on the WHL on SHAW.

He has played a role supporting amateur sports in BC. He has called 14 Shrum Bowl games since 1990 on either TV or radio.

He was the vice-president (university) of the Football Reporters of Canada. He reformed and was responsible for coordinating the weekly national FRC-CIS Football Top 10 media/coaches poll for university football in Canada.

He founded the University Football Reporters of Canada in 2008. The UFRC was merged with the FRC in November 2009.

He also serves as chair of the Amateur Sub-committee for the Canadian Football Hall of Fame, and serves as the British Columbia representative for the CFHOF. He has also served on the Board of Directors of Football Canada since 2015.

In his editorial role at CKNW he was responsible for coining phrases like, "The Beatty Street Sweatbox" and "Bill Bennett's Bubble" to describe BC Place Stadium and "Tempire Stadium" to describe the BC Lions and Vancouver Whitecaps temporary facility at Empire Fields. He also refers to Rogers Arena as the "Idiot Box" in reference to Rogers many holdings associated with Canadian television.

He has worked in five continents and his voice was heard around the world by basketball fans from 1994-97 as the English play-by-play commentator for FIBA, the world governing body of basketball. Based in London, England he also hosted and co-produced "FIBA SLAM" a weekly magazine show on Eurosport and ESPN International. Some of his play-by-play was used in an ESPN 30 for 30 "Once Brothers", telling the story of Yugoslavian and Croatian basketball during the 1990s.

He was the radio play-by-play voice of two (2004, 2006) Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) national basketball championships in Halifax on radio in Vancouver and Victoria.

In hockey, he was the play-by-play voice of the Western Hockey League's Vancouver Giants, Victoria Cougars, New Westminster Bruins and the BCHL Bellingham Ice Hawks.

Krown Countdown U

Krown Countdown U is a weekly college football recap show and pre-game show broadcast by CHCH-DT across Canada, Thursday nights at 11:30 pm ET after local news and sports during football season. Starting in August 2018, the show's online distribution partner is CBC Sports. "KCU" compliments CHCH's coverage of OUA college football which is broadcast periodically on Saturday afternoons during the college football season. It can be seen prior to the start of OUA game broadcasts with a 1:00 p.m. ET kickoff. In its current form, the program is pre-recorded at HubCast Studios in Surrey, BC as a panel show, with one member of the panel participating via Skype from Central Canada. The show recaps mainly USports football games, features, news and analysis of the week's upcoming games with additional content focusing on Canadian content in NCAA football, Football Canada national teams, and the Canadian Junior Football League.

List of Wynonna Earp episodes

Wynonna Earp is a Canadian-American supernatural Western horror television series developed by Emily Andras that airs on Syfy and Space. The series follows Wynonna Earp, the great-great-granddaughter of legendary lawman Wyatt Earp, and is based on the comic book series by Beau Smith.

The series premiered in the United States on Syfy on April 1, 2016 at 10 p.m., and on CHCH-DT in Canada on April 4, 2016 at 9 p.m. It was renewed for a second season on July 23, 2016. In March 2017, Bell Media announced the new partnership between Space and SEVEN24 Films as Canadian co-producers of Wynonna Earp, with the series moving from CHCH to Space. Season 2 premiered simultaneously on Syfy and Space on June 9, 2017, at 10 p.m. Wynonna Earp was renewed for a third season by Space and Syfy on July 22, 2017. Season 3 premiered on Syfy and Space on July 20, 2018, with the broadcast time changed to 9 p.m. On July 21, 2018, Syfy and Space announced the renewal for a fourth season.In the United Kingdom, Wynonna Earp premiered on Spike on July 29, 2016. It premiered in Australia on Spike on February 5, 2017. Total episode running time is 43 minutes (including opening title sequence and closing credits roll). The titles of episodes are based on country and western songs.

List of television stations in Ontario

This is a list of broadcast television stations serving cities in the Canadian province of Ontario. Note: Due to the mandatory digital television transition on August 31, 2011, most of these stations are broadcasting in digital only.

ONTV

ONTV or variant may refer to:

ONTV (pay TV), the American UHF scrambled pay television, now-defunct subscription television service launched in 1977 by Oak Industries

ONTV (Egypt), the Egyptian satellite television broadcaster launched in 2009

CHCH-DT, the station in Hamilton, Ontario that used the branding "OnTV" during the 1990s

On TV Greece, television service provider in Greece

"On TV" (song), off the 1981 album Adventures in Modern Recording by The Buggles

...on TV or ...on Television, ITV latenight programme

Silver Screen Classics

Silver Screen Classics is a Canadian English language Category B specialty channel owned by Channel Zero Inc. Silver Screen Classics broadcasts films primarily from the 1930s to the 1960s; including feature films, silent films, serials, shorts, and more.

The channel launched in high definition in September 2018 with its launch on IHR Telecom.

Spin Off (Canadian game show)

Spin Off was a Canadian game show created and produced by Mark Burnett for CHCH-DT. The series is hosted by Canadian comedian Elvira Kurt and debuted on September 11, 2013. The show appeared to only have one season, and reruns air randomly on CHCH overnight and weekends.

Television system

In Canada, a television system is a group of television stations which share common ownership, branding and programming, but which for some reason does not satisfy the criteria necessary for it to be classified as a television network under Canadian law. As the term "television system" has no legal definition, and as most audiences and broadcasters usually refer to groups of stations with common branding and programming as "networks" regardless of their structure, the distinction between the two entities is often not entirely clear; indeed, the term is rarely discussed outside the Canadian broadcasting enthusiast community. In the latter regard, however, a group of Canadian stations is currently considered a "network" if it satisfies at least one of the following requirements:

it operates under a network licence (either national or, in the case of Quebec where the majority of Canada's francophones reside, provincial) issued by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC). Four such networks currently operate: CBC Television, Ici Radio-Canada Télé, TVA, and the Quebec provincial network V. (The Aboriginal Peoples Television Network, APTN, was reclassified as a specialty channel by the CRTC in 2013, although it continues to operate broadcast transmitters in certain rural areas.)

it has at least near-complete national over-the-air coverage (or equivalent mandatory cable carriage) in Canada's major population centres. Three additional station groups meet this criterion: CTV, the Global Television Network and City.If the group of stations does not match at least one of these criteria, it would then be classified as a "system".

In current practice, a television system may be either:

a small group of stations with common branding, such as CTV Two or Omni Television, or

a regional group of stations within a larger network, such as CTV Atlantic, CTV Northern Ontario or CBC North, which are legally licensed as multiple stations but effectively act as a single station for programming, branding and advertising sales purposes.Systems are differentiated from networks primarily by their less extensive service area – while a network will serve most Canadian broadcast markets in some form, a system will typically serve only a few markets. As well, a system may or may not offer some classes of programming, such as a national newscast, which are typically provided by a network.

Finally, with regards to "primary" systems, the amount of common programming on participating stations may be variable. While CTV Two (and previously City, the Baton Broadcast System (BBS) and Global) generally maintains programming and scheduling practices similar to networks (with variations required for specific stations licensed under educational or ethnic formats), the programming and scheduling of stations part of Omni and the Crossroads Television System often differs greatly between stations, with the system sometimes serving mainly as a common format and brand positioning, but providing limited common programming.

Television systems should not be confused with twinsticks, although some individual stations might be part of both types of operations simultaneously. Moreover, a single originating station serving multiple markets within the same province or region is neither a network nor a system; it is merely a station (although it might still be described as a system by its owner, as was the case with Toronto multicultural station CFMT during the 1990s, prior to the formation of Omni Television). For example, independent station CHCH-DT in Hamilton has rebroadcasters in various parts of Ontario but broadcasts the same newscasts, entertainment programming and advertising, which target Hamilton and surrounding areas in the Golden Horseshoe region, across all of these transmitters province-wide.

Wynonna Earp (TV series)

Wynonna Earp ( wy-NOH-nə URP) is a supernatural Western horror television series. Developed by Emily Andras, the Canadian-American production is based on the comic book series by Beau Smith. Melanie Scrofano plays the series' titular character. Wynonna Earp premiered in the United States on Syfy on April 1, 2016. The series premiered in Canada on CHCH-DT on April 4.On July 23, 2016, the renewal for a second season was announced at the Wynonna Earp panel at San Diego Comic-Con (SDCC). Originally slated for ten episodes, the season was increased to 12 episodes in October 2016. In Canada, Wynonna Earp moved from CHCH-DT to Space effective April 15, 2017. In anticipation of the premiere of Season 2, Space began airing Season 1 on the same date with a special double-episode series debut. Season 2 premiered simultaneously on Syfy and Space on June 9, 2017.On July 22, 2017, David Ozer, president of IDW Entertainment, announced at the show's SDCC panel that the series had been renewed for a third season with the premiere scheduled for 2018. Space announced on the same day that it had ordered 12 episodes for a third season, together with Syfy. Andras credited Wynonna Earp's passionate fan base (nicknamed "Earpers") with gaining the renewal. Season 3 debuted with a special preview on July 16, before its official premiere on Syfy and Space on July 20, 2018.On July 21, 2018, the renewal by Syfy and Space for a fourth season was announced at SDCC. The season will comprise 12 episodes and is scheduled to premiere in 2019. On February 22, 2019, media sources reported that the start of production on Season 4 had been delayed due to apparent financial difficulties at IDW Entertainment.

Yes TV

Yes TV (stylized as yes TV) is a television system in Canada owned by Crossroads Christian Communications. It consists of three stations (located in the Greater Toronto Area, Calgary, and Edmonton), two rebroadcast transmitters, and several partial affiliates. Formerly known as the Crossroads Television System (CTS), the Yes TV stations and repeaters air a lineup consisting predominantly of Christian faith-based programming, such as televangelists and Crossroads' flagship Christian talk show 100 Huntley Street. During the late-afternoon and evening hours, Yes TV broadcasts secular, family-oriented sitcoms, game shows, and reality series; the system's September 2014 re-launch as Yes TV emphasized its newly acquired Canadian rights to a number of major U.S. reality series, such as American Idol and The Biggest Loser.

Outside of the three owned and operated Yes TV stations, the system also syndicates its acquired programming to other Canadian independent stations through a secondary affiliation network called "indieNET". It is operated out of Crossroads' headquarters in Burlington, Ontario.

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