CBC News

CBC News is the division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation responsible for the news gathering and production of news programs on the corporation's English-language operations, namely CBC Television, CBC Radio, CBC News Network, and CBC.ca. Founded in 1941, CBC News is the largest news broadcaster in Canada and has local, regional and national broadcasts and stations. It frequently collaborates with its French-language counterpart, Radio-Canada Info, although the two are organizationally separate.

The CBC follows the Journalistic Standards and Practices which provides the policy framework within which CBC journalism seeks to meet the expectations and obligations it faces from the public.

CBC News
Department of the CBC
IndustryMedia
FoundedJanuary 1, 1941
Headquarters,
Canada
Area served
Specific services for Canada and rest of world
Key people
Jennifer McGuire, general manager and editor in chief, CBC News
ServicesRadio and television broadcasts
OwnerCBC
Websitecbc.ca/news

History

The first CBC newscast was a bilingual radio report on November 2, 1936. The CBC News Service was inaugurated during World War II on January 1, 1941 when Dan McArthur, chief news editor, had Wells Ritchie prepare for the announcer Charles Jennings a national report at 8:00 pm. Readers who followed Jennings were Lorne Greene, Frank Herbert and Earl Cameron. CBC News Roundup (French counterpart: La revue de l'actualité) startet on August 16, 1943 at 7:45 pm,[1] being replaced by The World at Six on October 31, 1966.

On English-language television the first newscast, part of CBC Newsmagazine, was given on September 8, 1952 on CBLT (Toronto), the only English station then telecasting. Later that year CBC National News was introduced (anchors: Larry Henderson, Earl Cameron, Stanley Burke), then changing its name to The National in 1970.[2]

CBC began delivering news online in 1996 via the Newsworld Online website.[3] The CBC News Online site launched in 1998.[4] In 2009, CBC's Television News, Radio News and Digital News departments were merged into CBC News with a central assignment and reporting structure. In 2013, CBC News relaunched its CBC Aboriginal website, based in Winnipeg, with journalists in Toronto and other cities. In 2016, the site was renamed CBC Indigenous. In 2017, CBC News relaunched its flagship newscast, The National, with four co-anchors based in Toronto, Ottawa and Vancouver.

CBC News has won Canadian awards including Michener, Gemini, Canadian Screen, Canadian Association of Journalists and RTDNA awards and internationally, Prix Italia, Monte Carlo, Gabriel, Gracie and International Emmys.

Thousands of hours of archival CBC News programming are available at the CBC Digital Archives Website and Facebook page.

News output

Television

The Television News section of CBC News is responsible for the news programs on CBC Television and CBC News Network, including national news programs like The National, Marketplace, The Fifth Estate, The Investigators with Diana Swain and The Weekly with Wendy Mesley.

They are also responsible for news, business, weather and sports information for Air Canada's inflight entertainment.[5]

The distinctive music on all CBC television news programs was introduced in 2006 as part of the extensive rebranding of all news programming under the CBC News title.

Local news

Most local newscasts on CBC Television are currently branded as CBC News: [city/province name], such as CBC News: Toronto at Six. Local radio newscasts are heard on the half-hour during morning and afternoon drive shows and on the hour at other times during the day.

Radio

The Radio News section of CBC News produces on-the-hour updates for the CBC's national radio newscasts and provides content for regional updates. Major radio programs include World Report, The World at Six, The World This Hour and The World this Weekend. The majority of news and information is aired on CBC Radio One. All newscasts are available on demand online, via apps or via voice-activated virtual assistants.

Online

CBC News Online is the CBC's CBC.ca news website. Launched in 1996, it was named one of the most popular news websites in Canada in 2012.[6] The website provides regional, national, and international news coverage, and investigative, politics, business, arts and entertainment, . investigative, politics, business, entertainment, Indigenous, health, science and tech news. An Opinion section was reintroduced in November 2016. Many reports are accompanied by podcasting, audio and video from the CBC's television and radio news services.CBC News content is available on multiple platforms including Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, etc.

CBC News Network

CBC News Network (formerly CBC Newsworld) is an English-language news channel owned and operated by the CBC. It began broadcasting on July 31, 1989 from several regional studios in Halifax, Toronto, Winnipeg and Calgary. It was revamped and relaunched as the CBC News Network in 2009 as part of a larger renewal of the CBC News division. Current programs include CBC News Now (based in Toronto with Heather Hiscox, Suhana Meharchand, Carole MacNeil, John Northcott, Andrew Nichols (weekdays) and Aarti Pole and Michael Serapio (weekends)), Power & Politics (based in Ottawa with host Vassy Kapelos), and The National with Adrienne Arsenault and , Ian Hanomansing (Toronto), Andrew Chang (Vancouver) and Rosemary Barton (Ottawa).

Weather Centre

In November 2005, the CBC News Weather Centre was established to cover local and international weather, using in part data provided by Environment Canada. Claire Martin was hired to serve as the primary face of the Weather Centre.[7]

In April 2014, the national Weather Centre was effectively disbanded due to CBC budget cuts (Martin had left the CBC a few months prior); weather presenters at local CBC stations were retained but with the added responsibility of supplying reports for The National and CBC News Network.[8]

In November 2014, citing difficulties implementing this new system, CBC announced a one-year trial content sharing partnership with The Weather Network, the privately owned cable specialty channel, which went into effect on December 8. Under the partnership, in exchange for access to weather-related news coverage from the CBC, The Weather Network provides the national weather reports seen on The National and CBCNN daytime programming, as well as local forecasts for CBC Toronto's weekend newscasts.[8] Apart from Toronto, weather coverage during local newscasts was not affected, and CBC Vancouver meteorologist Johanna Wagstaffe continues to provide weather coverage for the Vancouver-based (primetime) editions of CBC News Now on CBCNN.

Most local CBC stations have retained their weather team to provide local weather information, including:

  • Johanna Wagstaffe - CBC Vancouver meteorologist
  • Ian Black - CBC Ottawa meteorologist
  • John Sauder - CBC Manitoba meteorologist
  • Jay Scotland - CBC PEI meteorologist
  • Karen Johnson - CBC Toronto and Windsor weather specialist
  • Frank Cavallaro - CBC Montreal weather specialist
  • Tanara McLean - CBC Edmonton/Calgary weather specialist

The content partnership with the Weather Network has continued beyond the original one-year period, and has been expanded. The weather section of CBC.ca has been phased out in favour of forecasts from The Weather Network, and local CBC news headlines are displayed on the latter's website.[9]

Programming

Television

CBC News provides the following television programs.

Current programs:

Former programs:

Radio

CBC News provides the following radio programs.

  • World Report, morning newscast
  • The World This Hour, hourly newscast
  • The World at Six, national dinner-hour newscast
  • The World This Weekend
  • The House, weekly national political affairs show
  • Local newscasts

Digital

CBC Digital provides the following services:

  • CBCNews.ca website and Digital News App
  • Live and on-demand streaming of radio and TV news programming
  • Podcasts (broadcast highlights and original content like Finding Cleo)
  • Social media including Facebook. Instagram and Snapchat. CBC News Twitter feed has over 2.5M followers.
  • Digital delivery of CBC News in airports, trains, elevators and coffee chain

CBC News standards

The CBC follows the Journalistic Standards and Practices which provides the policy framework within which CBC journalism seeks to meet the expectations and obligations it faces from the public.[10] The same standards apply to both CBC News and its French language counterpart, Info Radio-Canada. Revised guidelines released in 2018 address contemporary issues such as the ethical use of drones by journalists.

Allegations of bias

Several conservative outlets and politicians have accused the CBC of liberal bias in its news coverage, including the National Post,[11] former prime minister Stephen Harper[12] and columnist Barbara Amiel.[13]

In 2009, CBC President Hubert Lacroix commissioned a study to determine whether its news was biased, and if so, to what extent. He said: "Our job — and we take it seriously — is to ensure that the information that we put out is fair and unbiased in everything that we do".[14] The study, the methodology of which was not specified, was due to report results in the fall of 2010.[14]

In April 2010, the Conservatives accused pollster Frank Graves of giving partisan advice to the Liberal Party of Canada, noting his donations to the party since 2003. Graves directed a number of public opinion research projects on behalf of the CBC as well as other media organizations, and also appeared on a number of CBC television programs relating to politics. An investigation conducted by the CBC ombudsman found no evidence to support these allegations, stating that personal donor history is not relevant to one's objectivity as a pollster.[15]

The CBC itself has denied all allegations of bias, saying that "It is the duty of CBC News to inform its viewers across the country about what is happening, without bias or prejudice, and without telling them what to think. We believe that it is our obligation to report fairly and truthfully."[16]

CBC News Hall of Fame

The CBC News Hall of Fame was established in 2015 to honour men and women who have shaped Canadian journalism. Located in CBC's Toronto headquarters, inductees include:

Ombudsman

The CBC sets out to maintain its accuracy, integrity and fairness in its journalism. As a Canadian institution and a press undertaking, CBC set out the Journalistic Standards and Practices and works in compliance with these principles. Balanced viewpoints must be presented through on-the-air discussions. As it is with other public and private journalistic undertakings, credibility in the eyes of the general population is seen as the corporation's most valuable asset. The CBC Ombudsman is completely independent of CBC program staff and management, reporting directly to the President of the CBC and, through the President, to the Corporation's board of directors.[21]

CBC News bureaux

CBC has reporters stationed in the following cities. Main cities are listed with the notation (M).

Currently vacant:

International

CBC also uses satellite bureaus, with reporters who fly in when a story occurs outside the bureaus. In the late 1990s, the CBC and other media outlets cut back their overseas operations.

Foreign correspondents

CBC News in other countries

From 1994 to 2000, the CBC, in a venture with Power Broadcasting (former owner of CKWS in Kingston), jointly owned two networks:

  1. Newsworld International (NWI), an American cable channel that rebroadcast much of the programming of CBC Newsworld
  2. Trio, an arts and entertainment channel

In 2000, CBC and Power Broadcasting sold these channels to Barry Diller's USA Networks. Diller's company was later acquired by Vivendi Universal, which in turn was partially acquired by NBC to form NBC Universal. NBC Universal still owns the Trio brand, which no longer has any association with the CBC (and, as of the end of 2005, became an Internet-only broadband channel). However, the CBC continued to program NWI, with much of its programming simulcast on the domestic Newsworld service.

In late 2004, as a result of a further change in NWI's ownership to the INdTV consortium (including Joel Hyatt and former Vice-President of the United States Al Gore), NWI ceased airing CBC programming on August 1, 2005, when it was renamed Current TV. It was sold to the Al Jazeera Media Network in 2013 and became Al Jazeera America.

On September 11, 2001, several American broadcasters without their own news operations, including C-SPAN, carried the CBC's coverage of the September 11, 2001 attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C.. In the days after September 11, C-SPAN carried CBC's nightly newscast, The National, anchored by Peter Mansbridge. The quality of this coverage was recognized specifically by the Canadian Journalism Foundation; editor-in-chief Tony Burman later accepted the Excellence in Journalism Award (2004) – for "rigorous professional practice, accuracy, originality and public accountability" – on behalf of the service.

C-SPAN has also carried CBC's coverage of major events affecting Canadians, including:

With the launch of Sirius Canada in December 2005, some of the CBC's radio networks (including CBC Radio One, Radio Canada International, and Sirius-exclusives Radio Three and Bande à part channels) are available to Sirius subscribers in the United States.

A joint investigation between CBC and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation revealed questionable sales tactics employed by the travel company the Global Work & Travel Co. CBC and ABC interviewed former salespersons who were quoted as saying they "felt like [they were] tricking people."[22]

See also

References

  1. ^ Annual Report of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 1944, p. 7, at Google Books
  2. ^ Colombo, John Robert: Colombo's Canadian references, p. 99, at Google Books
  3. ^ "Newsworld Online delivers breaking news". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2018-07-24.
  4. ^ "CBC News Online launches". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2018-07-24.
  5. ^ enRoute Guide (January 2007) Archived July 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ [1] Archived February 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "CBC News Announces 'CBC News: Weather Centre'". Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  8. ^ a b Houpt, Simon (November 10, 2014). "Its outlook stormy, CBC turns to the Weather Network". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  9. ^ "CBC Weather - Toronto". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved March 13, 2016. Changes are coming to the weather pages you are visiting at CBCNews.ca. Starting soon, weather pages such as this will no longer be available. Instead, CBC News has partnered with The Weather Network to provide weather information on CBCNews.ca pages. Please visit your local news page to find your local news and weather.
  10. ^ [2] Archived June 19, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "CBC: Not the public's broadcaster after all". National Post. December 11, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
  12. ^ Hopper, Tristan (September 23, 2015). "CBC tries to hide its happy face as Liberals and NDP vow to pump up funding for public broadcaster". National Post. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
  13. ^ "Amiel: Why the CBC needs new blood - Macleans.ca". June 18, 2015. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
  14. ^ a b "CBC to study whether its news is biased". Ottawa Sun.
  15. ^ "Complaints about comments made by Frank Graves, President of EKOS Research, about a possible strategy for the Liberal Party" (PDF). CBC Office of the Ombudsman. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 11, 2011. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  16. ^ "Why is CBC so biased?". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on March 16, 2017. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
  17. ^ "Knowlton Nash named inaugural inductee to CBC News Hall of Fame | CBC News". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2018-07-24.
  18. ^ "Joe Schlesinger latest inductee into CBC News Hall of Fame | CBC News". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2018-07-24.
  19. ^ "Barbara Frum latest inductee into CBC News Hall of Fame | CBC News". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2018-07-24.
  20. ^ "Broadcast trailblazer Trina McQueen inducted into CBC News Hall of Fame | CBC News". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2018-07-24.
  21. ^ "The Office of the Ombudsman". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved April 29, 2012.
  22. ^ Natalie Clancy (November 13, 2014). "Global Work & Travel trains salespeople to lie, ex-employees say".

External links

2008 Canadian federal election

The 2008 Canadian federal election (more formally, the 40th Canadian General Election) was held on Tuesday, October 14, 2008 to elect members to the House of Commons of Canada of the 40th Canadian Parliament after the previous parliament had been dissolved by the Governor General on September 7, 2008. The election, like the previous one in 2006, yielded a minority government under the Conservative Party of Canada, led by the incumbent Prime Minister, Stephen Harper.

The election call resulted in the cancellation of four federal by-elections that had been scheduled to occur in September.

2013 in Canada

Events from the year 2013 in Canada.

2015 Canadian federal election

The 2015 Canadian federal election (formally the 42nd Canadian general election) was held on October 19, 2015, to elect members to the House of Commons of the 42nd Canadian Parliament. The writs of election for the 2015 election were issued by Governor General David Johnston on August 4. The ensuing campaign was one of the longest in Canadian history. It was also the first time since the 1979 election that a Prime Minister attempted to remain in office into a fourth consecutive Parliament and the first time since the 1980 election that someone attempted to win a fourth term of any kind as Prime Minister.

The Liberal Party, led by Justin Trudeau, won 184 seats, allowing it to form a majority government with Trudeau becoming the next Prime Minister. Trudeau and the rest of his cabinet were sworn in on November 4, 2015. The Conservative Party, led by incumbent Prime Minister Stephen Harper, won 99 seats, becoming the Official Opposition after nine years on the government benches. The New Democratic Party, led by Thomas Mulcair, won 44 seats, becoming the third-largest party in the House of Commons, after having formed the Official Opposition following the 2011 election. The Bloc Québécois won 10 seats, the Green Party won 1 seat, and Strength in Democracy lost all its seats.

The Liberal Party's increase of 148 seats from the previous election was the largest-ever numerical increase by a party in a Canadian election. Prior to the campaign, the Liberals had held only 36 seats—the fewest seats ever held at dissolution by any federal party that won the following election. The Liberals also became the first federal party in Canadian history to win a majority of seats without having been either the governing party or the Official Opposition in the previous parliament, and this was only the second time a party went from having the third-most seats to the most seats (the first being in 1925). It was the second largest number of seats won in a federal election for the Liberals, the best being 191 in 1949. The election also had the highest voter turnout since 1993. Every party represented in the House of Commons except the Liberal Party recorded a decrease in its popular vote share.

Following the election, Harper conceded defeat to Trudeau and resigned as leader of the Conservative Party. Gilles Duceppe resigned as leader of the Bloc Québécois shortly after the election on October 22, 2015. Thomas Mulcair announced his intention to remain leader of the NDP, but was forced to step down after losing a party vote on his leadership in the spring of 2016.

2015 Newfoundland and Labrador general election

The 49th Newfoundland and Labrador general election, held on November 30, 2015, elected members of the House of Assembly in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The Progressive Conservative Party which had governed since 2003 election, was defeated by the Liberal Party, which won a majority in the new assembly.The election had been scheduled for October 13, 2015, under Newfoundland and Labrador's House of Assembly Act, mandating a fixed election day on the second Tuesday in October in the fourth calendar year after the previous election. However, the House of Assembly amended the act in June 2015, to delay the election until November 30, 2015, so that the election campaign would not overlap with the federal election scheduled on October 19, 2015.Following the result of the election no party with the word "Conservative" in its name formed the government in either a provincial or federal jurisdiction in Canada for the first time since 1943.With 55.2% of eligible voters casting a ballot, this election had the lowest turnout of any provincial election since confederation.

43rd Canadian federal election

The 43rd Canadian federal election (formally the 43rd Canadian general election) is scheduled to take place on or before October 21, 2019. The October 21 date of the vote is determined by the fixed-date procedures in the Canada Elections Act but the Act does not preclude the Governor General of Canada from issuing the writs of election at an earlier date.

Andrew Scheer

Andrew James Scheer (born May 20, 1979) is a Canadian politician serving as the Member of Parliament (MP) for the riding of Regina—Qu'Appelle since 2004 and as the Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Official Opposition since 2017.

Elected to the riding of Regina—Qu'Appelle at the age of 25, Scheer was re-elected in 2006, 2008, and 2011 before becoming the Speaker of the House of Commons at age 32, making him the youngest Speaker in the chamber's history. He held the speaker role for the entirety of the 41st Canadian Parliament. On September 28, 2016, Scheer announced his bid for the leadership of the Conservative Party, running under the slogan "Real conservative. Real leader."Described as a "true blue Tory" who has been compared to former Prime Minister Stephen Harper, Scheer is a staunch opponent of a federal carbon tax and has stated that he would balance the federal budget within two years of forming a government and open up the airline industry to foreign competition. On May 27, 2017, he was elected Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada on the 13th and final ballot of the leadership election, with 50.95% of the vote to opponent Maxime Bernier's 49.05%.

CBC News Network

CBC News Network (formerly CBC Newsworld) is a Canadian English-language news channel owned and operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). It broadcasts into over 10 million homes in Canada, and is a Category C specialty channel. It is the world's third-oldest television service of this nature, after CNN in the United States and Sky News in the United Kingdom.

CBC News Network's French-language counterpart is Ici RDI, also owned by the CBC.

CBC News Network (TV series)

CBC News Network (sometimes listed in program guides under its former title CBC News Now) is the self-named rolling news program on CBC News Network. The show is broadcast daily from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m. ET (to 4:30 p.m. on Sundays), with additional evening broadcasts on weekdays (discussed below). On Saturdays additional live editions air at the 6, 9 and 11 p.m. half-hours. Aarti Pole is the main host of these editions.

The show covers national and international news throughout the day, featuring live coverage of breaking news and interviews with newsmakers and experts. The show also has hourly business and sports updates, and weather information provided by The Weather Network. The daytime broadcasts are produced at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre in Toronto.

CBC Television

CBC Television (also known as CBC TV) is a Canadian English language broadcast television network that is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the national public broadcaster. The network began operations on September 6, 1952. Its French-language counterpart is Ici Radio-Canada Télé.

Headquartered at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre in Toronto, CBC Television is available throughout Canada on over-the-air television stations in urban centres and as a must-carry station on cable and satellite television. Almost all of the CBC's programming is produced in Canada. Although CBC Television is supported by public funding, commercial advertising revenue supplements the network, in contrast to CBC Radio and public broadcasters from several other countries, which are commercial-free.

Canadian Afghan detainee issue

For a more detailed timeline of events, see Timeline of the Canadian Afghan detainee issue.The Canadian Afghan detainee issue concerns Government of Canada and/or the Canadian Forces (CF) knowledge of abusive treatment of detainees in Afghanistan. The abuse occurred after Afghans were detained by Canadian Forces, and subsequently transferred to the Afghan National Army (ANA) or the Afghan National Directorate of Security (NDS) during the War in Afghanistan. The issue has sparked heated debate since Article 12 of the Third Geneva Convention (of which Canada is a signatory) states that "the Detaining Power [Canada] is responsible for the treatment given [to prisoners of war]". If the allegations of torture are true it would mean Canada is guilty of war crimes.The allegations were first sparked by University of Ottawa law professor Amir Attaran, who claimed that full versions of government documents proved Canada had willful knowledge that torture would occur before handing detainees to Afghan authorities. Subsequent to this, two official complaints have led to official investigations and hearings by the Military Police Complaints Commission (MPCC). One of these unveiled parliamentary testimony by diplomat Richard Colvin, who claimed that many detainees were probably tortured, and it was a standard operating procedure for Afghan interrogators. The allegations have led to a showdown in the House of Commons of Canada, as opposition Members of Parliament (MPs) had called for the releasing of relevant documents in full and unredacted form, claiming parliamentary privilege to see them. The government maintained that they had a duty to protect Canadian soldiers and citizens as the documents contained sensitive information.

At the request of the Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada, a panel of former justices and selected MPs was tasked with sorting through the documents, and determining the need to release or withhold them. To date, only about 4,000 out of the estimated 40,000 documents have been released, A final report released in June 2012 found no wrongdoing by Canadian Forces members, but did issue recommendations related to improving military policing and MPCC access to information and witnesses. The Canadian public generally held views that there was knowledge of detainee abuse by military or government officials. The issue has also led to scrutiny on detainee treatment by other Canadian departments and the armed forces of other nations.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (French: Société Radio-Canada), branded as CBC/Radio-Canada, is a Canadian federal Crown corporation that serves as the national public broadcaster for both radio and television. The English- and French-language service units of the corporation are commonly known as CBC and Radio-Canada respectively, and both short-form names are also commonly used in the applicable language to refer to the corporation as a whole.

Although some local stations in Canada predate CBC's founding, CBC is the oldest existing broadcasting network in Canada, first established in its present form on November 2, 1936. Radio services include CBC Radio One, CBC Music, Ici Radio-Canada Première, Ici Musique and the international radio service Radio Canada International. Television operations include CBC Television, Ici Radio-Canada Télé, CBC News Network, Ici RDI, Ici Explora, Documentary Channel (part ownership), and Ici ARTV. The CBC operates services for the Canadian Arctic under the names CBC North and Radio-Canada Nord. The CBC also operates digital services including CBC.ca/Ici.Radio-Canada.ca, CBC Radio 3, CBC Music/ICI.mu and Ici.TOU.TV, and owns 20.2% of satellite radio broadcaster Sirius XM Canada, which carries several CBC-produced audio channels.

CBC/Radio-Canada offers programming in English, French and eight aboriginal languages on its domestic radio service, and in five languages on its web-based international radio service, Radio Canada International (RCI). However, budget cuts in the early 2010s have contributed to the corporation reducing its service via the airwaves, discontinuing RCI's shortwave broadcasts as well as terrestrial television broadcasts in all communities served by network-owned rebroadcast transmitters, including communities not subject to Canada's over-the-air digital television transition.

CBC's federal funding is supplemented by revenue from commercial advertising on its television broadcasts. The radio service employed commercials from its inception to 1974, but since its primary radio networks have been commercial-free. In 2013, CBC's secondary radio networks, CBC Music and Ici Musique, introduced limited advertising of up to four minutes an hour, but this was discontinued in 2016.

George Stroumboulopoulos Tonight

George Stroumboulopoulos Tonight (originally known as The Hour) is a Canadian television talk show hosted by George Stroumboulopoulos that aired on CBC Television from 2005 to 2014.

As The Hour, the show was so named, as it was a daily one-hour program. For the show's seventh season, the show was renamed and shortened into a daily half-hour show, George Stroumboulopoulos Tonight, beginning September 20, 2010. In September 2011, the program was again extended to one hour with its current name. It returned to a half-hour for the 2012–13 season and moved to 7:00 p.m. (replacing Wheel of Fortune), along with a late-night encore that moved to 11:30 p.m. due to the expansion of late local news at several of the CBC's major market stations. The show concluded at the end of the 2013–2014 season as Stroumboulopoulos moved to Rogers Communications to host Hockey Night in Canada.The show had two opening theme songs during its history. Its first was "Use It" by The New Pornographers, which was replaced by "The Good in Everyone" by Canadian rock band Sloan at the start of the 2008 broadcast season.

Justin Trudeau

Justin Pierre James Trudeau (; French: [ʒystɛ̃ tʁydo]; born December 25, 1971) is a Canadian politician serving as the 23rd prime minister of Canada since 2015 and leader of the Liberal Party since 2013. Trudeau is the second-youngest Canadian prime minister, after Joe Clark; he is also the first to be related to a previous holder of the post, as the eldest son of Pierre Trudeau.Born in Ottawa, Trudeau attended Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf and graduated from McGill University in 1994 and the University of British Columbia in 1998. He gained a high public profile in October 2000, when he delivered a eulogy at his father's state funeral. After graduating, he worked as a teacher in Vancouver, British Columbia. He completed one year of an engineering program at Montreal's École Polytechnique, from 2002 to 2003, and one year of a master's program in environmental geography at McGill University, from 2004 to 2005. He advocated for various causes, and portrayed a cousin in the 2007 TV miniseries The Great War.In the 2008 federal election, he was elected to represent the riding of Papineau in the House of Commons. In 2009, he was appointed the Liberal Party's critic for youth and multiculturalism, and the following year, became critic for citizenship and immigration. In 2011, he was appointed as critic for secondary education and youth and amateur sport. Trudeau won the leadership of the Liberal Party in April 2013 and went on to lead his party to victory in the 2015 federal election, moving the third-placed Liberals from 36 seats to 184 seats, the largest-ever numerical increase by a party in a Canadian general election.

Newsworld International

Newsworld International (NWI) was an American news-oriented cable and satellite television network that operated from June 1994 to July 2005. The network carried a mix of newscasts from the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and other international networks. After several ownership changes, the channel was purchased by former U.S. Vice President Al Gore and other parties in 2005 and became Current TV.

People's Party of Canada

The People's Party of Canada (PPC; French: Parti Populaire du Canada) is a right-wing federal political party in Canada. The party was formed by Maxime Bernier, a former cabinet minister and leadership candidate for the Conservative Party of Canada, on September 14, 2018, shortly after his resignation from the Conservative Party. The party has formed electoral district associations (EDAs) in all of Canada's 338 ridings, and plans to run a full slate of candidates in the 43rd Canadian Federal Election. Bernier is currently the party's only Member of Parliament, having represented the riding of Beauce since 2006.

SNC-Lavalin

SNC-Lavalin Group Inc. is a Montreal-based company that provides engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) services in various industries including; mining and metallurgy, oil and gas, environment and water, infrastructure, and clean power. The firm has 50,000 employees worldwide with offices in over 50 countries and operations in over 160 countries.

SaskTel

Saskatchewan Telecommunications Holding Corporation, operating as SaskTel, is a Canadian crown-owned telecommunications firm based in the province of Saskatchewan. Owned by the provincial government, it provides wireline and wireless communications services, including landline telephone, mobile networks, broadband internet (including copper DSL, fibre to the home, and wireless broadband), IPTV, and security services. Through a subsidiary, SaskTel International, the company has also worked on telecom infrastructure projects in countries such as Argentina and the Bahamas.As of 2018, SaskTel serves around 1.4 million customers, and has an annual revenue of around $1.2 billion.

The Fifth Estate (TV program)

The Fifth Estate is an award-winning, English-language Canadian newsmagazine television program. It airs on the national CBC Television network as well as on CBC News Network. The name is a reference to the term "Fourth Estate", and was chosen to highlight the program's determination to go beyond everyday news into original journalism. The program has been on the air since September 15, 1975, and its primary focus is on investigative journalism. It has engaged in co-productions with the BBC, The New York Times, The Globe and Mail, the Toronto Star, and often with the PBS program Frontline.

The National (TV program)

The National is a Canadian national television news program which serves as the flagship broadcast for the English-language news division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. It reports on major Canadian and international news stories, airing on CBC Television stations nationwide weeknights and Sundays at 10:00 p.m. local time (10:30 p.m. NT). Since September 2007, The National has been aired in HDTV, the first Canadian national newscast to do so.The program is also aired on CBC News Network; on weekdays, the initial version that airs live to Atlantic Canada on the main network is simulcast on CBC News Network at 9:00 p.m. ET, with several repeat broadcasts overnight. Until August 2005, The National was seen in the United States on the defunct Newsworld International channel; the program continues to be aired occasionally on C-SPAN when that network wants to provide coverage of a major Canadian news story, or a Canadian angle for a world or American event.

The National and other CBC newscasts, including CBC owned-and-operated stations' (O&Os) early-evening local newscasts, are streamed on the CBC website; those residing outside of Canada may not be able to view some content.

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