C. L. Sulzberger

Cyrus Leo Sulzberger II (October 27, 1912 – September 20, 1993) was an American journalist, diarist, and non-fiction writer. He was a member of the family that owned The New York Times and he was that newspaper's lead foreign correspondent during the 1940s and 1950s.

C. L. Sulzberger
C. L. Sulzberger Romania, 1968
Sulzberger in 1968
Born
Cyrus Leo Sulzberger II

October 27, 1912
DiedSeptember 20, 1993 (aged 80)
EducationB.A. Harvard University
OccupationJournalist
Spouse(s)Marina Tatiana Ladas
ChildrenDavid Alexis Sulzberger
Marina Beatrice Sulzberger
Parent(s)Leo Sulzberger
FamilyCyrus Leopold Sulzberger (grandfather)
Arthur Hays Sulzberger (uncle)
Adrian Michael Berry (son-in-law)

Biography

Sulzberger was born in New York City on October 27, 1912 to Leo Sulzberger (1885–1926). He was the brother of Arthur Hays Sulzberger, who was publisher of The New York Times from 1935 to 1961.[1][2] He graduated magna cum laude from Harvard University in 1934. Cy, as he was commonly called, joined the family paper in 1939 and was soon covering stories oversea as Europe edged toward World War II. Among the reporters who worked for him during the war were Drew Middleton and James Reston. He served as a foreign affairs correspondent for 40 years and wrote two dozen books in his lifetime.[2] His skills as a raconteur were legendary as were his friendships with high and mighty or just plain interesting people. Because of the circles he traveled in, he sometimes carried messages from one foreign leader to another; for U.S. President John F. Kennedy he conveyed a note to Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev in 1961. Of all the leaders he befriended, it is said that he was closest to President Charles de Gaulle of France.

In a 1977 article for Rolling Stone, journalist Carl Bernstein included Sulzberger in a group of columnists and commentators whose CIA relationships Bernstein characterized as going "far beyond those normally maintained between reporters and their sources." He cited CIA files as referring to Sulzberger as what the agency called "known assets." Bernstein quoted unnamed CIA officials as saying Sulzberger at one time published a briefing paper the CIA provided him almost verbatim under his byline. Bernstein then quoted Sulzberger as calling that allegation "a lot of baloney" and insisting that while the agency might have considered him "an asset," in the sense of his willingness to answer questions about his travels to (fictitious nations) "Slobovia" or "Ruritania," he never took formal assignments from the agency nor would "get caught near the spook business." [3] The Times also denied that Sulzberger had ever been a paid CIA agent.

Sulzberger won a special Pulitzer Prize in 1951 citing "his exclusive interview with Archbishop Stepinac"—Aloysius Stepinac, Archbishop of Zagreb.[4]

Personal life

In 1942 Sulzberger married Marina Tatiana Ladas, a Greek who was often his travel companion and ensured that they had an active and elegant social life in Paris. She died in 1976 and he died at their Paris home on September 20, 1993.[5] They had two children: David Alexis Sulzberger and Marina Beatrice Sulzberger.[2] In 1967, Marina married Adrian Michael Berry,[6] who later became 4th Viscount Camrose, thereby linking two newspaper dynasties. The Camrose family had once owned The Daily Telegraph and retained an interest in that paper until it was taken over by Conrad Black in 1986.

Selected books

  • Sit Down with John L. Lewis (New York: Random House, c1938) — about CIO founder John L. Lewis
  • The American Heritage Picture History of World War II (New York: American Heritage, 1966), by Sulzberger with the editors of American Heritage
  • A Long Row of Candles: Memoirs and Diaries, 1934-1954 (New York: Macmillan, 1969)
  • The Tooth Merchant: A Novel (New York: Quadrangle, 1973) — a novel in which Sulzberger himself appears briefly as a journalist
  • An Age of Mediocrity: Memoirs and Diaries, 1963-1972 (New York: Macmillan, 1973)
  • The Fall of Eagles (New York: Crown Publishers, 1977)

References

  1. ^ "Mrs. Sulzberger's Final Rites Held". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. 1938-02-11. Retrieved 2017-07-01.
  2. ^ a b c McFadden, Robert D. (September 21, 1993). "C. L. Sulzberger, Columnist, Dies at 80". The New York Times.
  3. ^ "The CIA and the media". Retrieved 2014-12-30.
  4. ^ "Special Awards and Citations". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 2013-12-07.
  5. ^ "C.L. Sulzberger; Foreign Affairs Correspondent". Los Angeles Times. September 20, 1993. Retrieved 2010-03-27. But Cyrus Leo Sulzberger, who graduated magna cum laude from Harvard in 1934, decided to start his career elsewhere. He worked as a general assignment ...
    Abstract; subscription or payment required for full text.
  6. ^ "Miss Sulzberger, Foreign Analyst's daughter, to Marry". Chicago Tribune. July 11, 1966.

External links

  • Cyrus Sulzberger at Library of Congress Authorities, with 34 catalog records (including 4 "from old catalog"; 29 under 'Sulzberger, C. L. (Cyrus Leo), 1912–' without '1933')
Alexander I of Serbia

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Athenee Palace Hilton Bucharest

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Cornelius Ryan Award

The Cornelius Ryan Award is given for "best nonfiction book on international affairs" by the Overseas Press Club of America (OPC). To be eligible for this literary award a book must be published "in the US or by a US based company or distributed for an American audience" during the year prior to that in which the award is given. The winner is chosen in a competition juried by peers from the journalism industry.

Recipients of the award receive a certificate and $1000. The Cornelius Ryan Award is one of 25 different awards currently given by the OPC for excellence in journalism at their annual award dinner, usually held at the end of April. The award is named for the journalist and author Cornelius Ryan, who himself, twice received this, his own namesake award (1959 for The Longest Day and 1974 for A Bridge Too Far).In 2009 the judges were Chris Power (Bloomberg BusinessWeek), Robert Dowling (Caixin Media Group), and Robert Teitelman (The Deal).

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Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich of Russia

Grand Duke Dimitri Pavlovich of Russia (Russian: Его Императорское Высочество Великий Князь Дмитрий Павлович; 18 September 1891 – 5 March 1942) was a Russian Grand Duke and one of the few Romanovs to escape murder by the Bolsheviks after the Russian Revolution. He is known for being involved in the murder of the mystic peasant and faith healer Grigori Rasputin, who had undue influence on Dmitri's first cousin, Tsar Nicholas II.

Greek military junta of 1967–1974

The Greek military junta of 1967–1974, commonly known as the Regime of the Colonels (Greek: καθεστώς των Συνταγματαρχών, kathestós ton Syntagmatarchón [kaθesˈtos ton sinˈdaɣ.matarˈxon]), or in Greece simply The Junta ( or ; Greek: Χούντα, translit. Choúnta [ˈxunda]), The Dictatorship (Η Δικτατορία, I Diktatoría) and The Seven Years (Η Επταετία, I Eptaetía), was a series of far-right military juntas that ruled Greece following the 1967 Greek coup d'état led by a group of colonels on 21 April 1967. The dictatorship ended on 24 July 1974 under the pressure of the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. The fall of the junta was followed by the Metapolitefsi ("regime change"), and the establishment of the current Third Hellenic Republic.

Iron Curtain

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Member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and with the United States as the pre-eminent powerPhysically, the Iron Curtain took the form of border defences between the countries of Europe in the middle of the continent. The most notable border was marked by the Berlin Wall and its Checkpoint Charlie, which served as a symbol of the Curtain as a whole.The events that demolished the Iron Curtain started in discontent in Poland, and continued in Hungary, the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. Romania became the only communist state in Europe to overthrow its government with violence.The use of the term iron curtain as a metaphor for strict separation goes back at least as far as the early 19th century. It originally referred to fireproof curtains in theaters. Although its popularity as a Cold War symbol is attributed to its use in a speech Winston Churchill gave on the 5 March 1946 in Fulton, Missouri, Nazi German Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels had already used the term in reference to the Soviet Union.

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In Afghan-Turki, kara kush means "eagle" and in the book this refers to the central character, a resistance leader nicknamed "The Eagle".First published in 1986, it is to be republished in January 2019 by ISF Publishing, including new hardcover and paperback editions. Ebook and audiobook editions of Kara Kush will be produced for the first time.

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The May Coup (Serbian: Мајски преврат, Majski prevrat) was a coup d'état in which Serbian King Alexander Obrenović and his wife, Queen Draga, were assassinated inside the Royal Palace in Belgrade on the night of 10–11 June [O.S. 28–29 May] 1903. This act resulted in the extinction of the House of Obrenović which had been ruling the Kingdom of Serbia since the middle of the 19th century. The assassination of the royal couple was organized by a group of army officers led by then-Captain Dragutin Dimitrijević Apis. After the May Coup, the Serbian throne passed to the rival House of Karađorđević. The coup had a significant influence on Serbia's relations with other European powers; the house of Obrenović was mostly allied to Austria-Hungary, while the Karađorđević dynasty had close ties both with Russia and France. Both dynasties were receiving financial support from their powerful foreign sponsors.Along with the royal couple, the conspirators killed the Prime Minister Dimitrije Cincar-Marković, the Minister of the Army Milovan Pavlović and General-Adjutant Lazar Petrović.

Military history of Switzerland

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Natalija Konstantinović

Natalija Konstantinović (Serbian Cyrillic: Наталија Константиновић; 10 October 1882 - 21 August 1950) was a Princess of Montenegro as the wife of Prince Mirko Petrović-Njegoš. The couple had five sons; however, two died in early childhood. They divorced in 1917, a year after the royal family was forced to flee the kingdom. She was the granddaughter of Princess Anka Obrenović of Serbia, of the House of Obrenović. Her husband was promised the Serbian crown in the event of King Alexander I dying childless; however, the crown went to Peter Karađorđević, following Alexander I of Serbia assassination in 1903.

Persida Nenadović

Persida Nenadović (Serbian Cyrillic: Персида Ненадовић; 15 February 1813 – 29 March 1873) was the Princess consort of Serbia as the wife of Alexander Karađorđević, who ruled the Principality of Serbia from his election on 14 September 1842 until his abdication on 24 October 1858. She was the mother of ten children, including future king Peter I of Serbia, who succeeded to the throne after the assassination of King Alexander I, the last ruler of the Obrenović dynasty (the traditional rivals of the Karađorđevićs).

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Groza emerged as a public figure at the end of World War I as a notable member of the Romanian National Party (PNR), preeminent layman of the Romanian Orthodox Church, and then member of the Directory Council of Transylvania. In 1933, Groza founded a left-wing Agrarian organization known as the Ploughmen's Front (Frontul Plugarilor). The left-wing ideas he supported earned him the nickname The Red Bourgeois.

Groza became Premier in 1945 when Nicolae Rădescu, a leading Romanian Army general who assumed power briefly following the conclusion of World War II, was forced to resign by the Soviet Union's deputy People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs, Andrei Y. Vishinsky. Under Groza's term as premier until 1952, Romania's King, Michael I, was forced to abdicate as the nation officially became a "People's Republic". Although his authority and power as Premier was compromised by his reliance upon the Soviet Union for support, Groza presided over the consolidation of Communist rule in Romania before eventually being succeeded by Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej in 1952.

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