Bypass (road)

A bypass is a road or highway that avoids or "bypasses" a built-up area, town, or village, to let through traffic flow without interference from local traffic, to reduce congestion in the built-up area, and to improve road safety. A bypass specifically designated for trucks may be called a truck route.

If there are no strong land use controls, buildings are often built in town along a bypass, converting it into an ordinary town road, and the bypass may eventually become as congested as the local streets it was intended to avoid. Petrol stations, shopping centres and some other businesses are often built there for ease of access, while homes are often avoided for noise and pollution reasons.

Bypass routes are often controversial, as they require the building of a road carrying heavy traffic where no road previously existed. This creates a conflict between those who support a bypass to reduce congestion in a built up area, and those who oppose the development of (often rural) undeveloped land. However, some of those in the bypassed city may also oppose the project, because of the potential reduction in city-centre business.

Chittagong Bypass to N1, September 2009
Faizabad bypass in India connects Delhi with NH 28 through Uttar Pradesh.

Canada

In Ontario, examples include the Donald Cousens Parkway (formerly named the Markham Bypass from 2004-2006) and the Box Grove Bypass in the city of Markham; and in Toronto a section of Highway 401 was called the Toronto Bypass in the 1950s when the highway was built as a bypass of Highway 2, Ontario Highway 2A which was built to bypass Highway 2 between Toronto and Newcastle, and the Caledonia Bypass, a section of Highway 6 in Caledonia.

In Nova Scotia, the section of Highway 104 between Thomson Station and Masstown is colloquially named the Cobequid Pass; this name is for a section of road that bypasses the Wentworth Valley by crossing the Cobequid Mountains.

United Kingdom

The A34, Donnington
The Newbury bypass near Donnington

The idea of bypasses predates the use of motor vehicles. The first (northern) London bypass, the present Marylebone Road between Paddington and Islington, was started in 1756.

Bypasses can take many years to gain planning approval and funding. Many towns and villages have been campaigning for bypasses for over 30 years e.g. Banwell in North Somerset.[1]

There was large-scale protest during construction of the Newbury bypass—officially known as the Winchester–Preston Trunk Road (A34) (Newbury Bypass)—a 9-mile (14 km) stretch of dual carriageway which bypasses the town of Newbury in Berkshire, England. The protest was popularly known as the Third Battle of Newbury, a name which was also adopted by one of the main protest groups. The name was chosen in reference to the First Battle of Newbury of 1643 and the Second Battle of Newbury of 1644, both of which took place close to the town during the English Civil War.

United States

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Old by-pass sign on Maui for State Route 30 thru surface streets.

In the United States, bypass routes are a type of special route used on an alternative routing of a highway around a town when the main route of the highway goes through the town. The original designation of these routes were "truck routes" to divert through truck traffic away from the town, but the designation was changed to "bypass" in 1959 by AASHTO. However, many "Truck" routes remain where the mainline of the highway is prohibited for trucks.

In a few cases, both a bypass and a business route exist, each with auxiliary signs (e.g. U.S. Route 60 in Lexington, Kentucky). Bypass routes are less common than business routes. Many of those that existed before the era of Interstate highways have lost their old designations. For example, in Missouri, the old bypass route of U.S. Route 71 to the east of Kansas City, Missouri was decommissioned as Interstate 435 supplanted it; the remainder that existed as suburban surface route became Missouri Route 291. Around St. Louis, Missouri, what had been U.S. Route 50 Bypass was absorbed into a diversion of U.S. Route 50 from Interstate 44 and Interstate 64.

In the Interstate Highway System in the United States, primary routes are designated with a one- or two-digit number, while bypasses and loops are generally designated with a three-digit number beginning with an even digit. However, there are many exceptions to this convention, where routes with three-digit numbers serve the main route through town while the routes with one- or two-digit numbers serve as the bypass. A few such examples can be found in the metropolitan areas of Des Moines, Iowa (Interstate 235 goes through downtown, while Interstate 35 and Interstate 80 bypass downtown), Omaha, Nebraska (Interstate 480 traverses the downtown area, while Interstate 80 is one of the bypasses), and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (the city is served by Interstate 279 and Interstate 376, while Interstate 70, Interstate 76, and Interstate 79 all bypass city limits).

Another meaning of the term bypass route (usually simply called a bypass) is a highway that was constructed to bypass an area that is often congested with traffic. This includes Interstate Highway beltways and U.S. Highways constructed to circumvent downtown areas. Examples of these are U.S. Route 60 bypassing Williamsburg, Virginia, Interstate 285 bypassing Downtown Atlanta, U.S. Route 20/U.S. Route 31 bypassing metro South Bend, Indiana (on the St. Joseph Valley Parkway), and Interstate 75 bypassing Tampa and St. Petersburg, Florida. These bypasses usually carry mainline routes rather than auxiliary "bypass" routes.

The first bypass route in the United States was completed in 1958, as Alabama State Route 210 (Ross Clark Circle) in Dothan, Alabama.

Shoofly

In the United States, the term shoofly – a borrowing from railroad jargon – is also sometimes used to refer to a short temporary roadway built to bypass a construction site or other temporary obstruction.[2] The U.S. Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices uses the term "diversion".[3]

Brazil

In Brazil the widest and busiest bypasses are located in the state of São Paulo, and many of them intersect and merge around large cities to form ring-like systems. Most notably the Rodoanel Mário Covas, which encircles the city of São Paulo and passes through other cities in the metropolitan area, is the largest project of such type with a planned total length of 180 km upon completion. It is divided into sections and connected to major highways and while not being a toll road itself, accesses to other motorways are often placed through toll booths.

Asia

Outer Ring Road (Nehru ORR) at Narsinghi
Outer Bypass Road (Atal ORR) at Narsinghi, Hyderabad in India

Hong Kong

Hong Kong contains several bypasses. The first are the Island Eastern Corridor, the East Kowloon Corridor, the West Kowloon Corridor, and the Lung Cheung and Ching Cheung Roads. Later ones are named directly as bypasses, such as Kwun Tong Bypass, Hung Hom Bypass, and the Ma On Shan Bypass. Other bypasses include the Tai Po Section of the Tolo Highway, the section within the Tuen Mun New Town of the Tuen Mun Road, the Yuen Long Highway, and the West Kowloon Highway. The Central-Wan Chai Bypass, which costs HK$28.1 billion, will be a series of tunnels between Central and Causeway Bay.[4]

Malaysia

Malaysia also contain several bypasses such as Rawang Bypass, Kajang Bypass and Bidor Bypass.

Philippines

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Plaridel Bypass Road in Bulacan, an example of a bypass road in the Philippines

Bypass roads (or in other cases "diversion roads") in the Philippines are generally considered on national highways passing through adensely populated city or municipality. Local governments usually promote construction of bypasses where the existing highway becomes heavily congested. Bypasses are common in rural municipalities to deter through traffic from entering the poblacion or town centre. Careful planning is considered when planning a bypass through a community to ensure the original route is downgraded to local access. Control of access to properties is taken in account to avoid uncontrolled land development.

See also

Banneredhighways
Types of special routes in the United States

References

  1. ^ "Banwell bypass". Archived from the original on 2008-04-06. Retrieved 2008-04-22.
  2. ^ "Oklahoma's I-40 Crosstown Expressway: Glossary". Oklahoma Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on 2008-09-08. Retrieved 2008-04-16.
  3. ^ MUTCD Section 6C.09
  4. ^ Central – Wan Chai Bypass and Island Eastern Corridor Link Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
Ayappakkam

Ayappakkam is a census town of Greater Chennai in Thiruvallur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is one of the fastest developing residential area in Chennai.

Sandwiched between Ambattur Industrial Estate and Thiruverkadu, Ayapakkam developed as a residential area, since 1990, after Tamil Nadu Housing Board quarters came up. Unlike Ambattur that houses more industrial units, Ayapakkam is predominantly a residential area and it connects with the city, via Anna Nagar and Maduravoyal, through Poonamallee High Road and Chennai-Tiruvallur High (CTH) Road.

With many sources of water around it, like Ayapakkam lake, Paruthipattu lake and Ambattur lake, Ayapakkam has good ground water. Many water tankers fill water from Ayapakkam for supply to other locations.

Ayapakkam is very close to the Chennai Bypass road. The location advantages include being closer to India Land IT and Ambit IT park, as well as having the Vanagaram Apollo hospital and Ramachandra Hospital in its vicinity.

Bhauri

Bhauri is a village in the Bhopal district of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is located in the Huzur tehsil and the Phanda block.

Bhauri has been included in Bhopal Municipal Corporation in 2015 by Gazette Notification of Government of Madhya Pradesh.

The IISER Bhopal is located in Bhauri, beside the Bhopal Bypass Road.

School of Planning and Architecture (SPA) Bhopal, an Institute of National Importance under Ministry of Human Resource Development, is located in Bhauri village. SPA is accessed by Neelbad Road from Bhopal Bypass. The road is under construction.

Madhya Pradesh Police Academy is also situated in Bhauri village.

Cherupuzha (Kannur)

Cherupuzha is one of the main town in kannur district. Cherupuzha town, which is the headquarters of the Cherupuzha Panchayat, is located about 30 kilometers east of Payyannur and 35 kilometers west of Nileshwaram and 58 kilometres north of Kannur city.

E 611 road (United Arab Emirates)

E 611 (Arabic: إ ٦١١‎) is a road constructed in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Also known as the "Emirates Road", E 611 is developed to link the emirate of Abu Dhabi with the northern emirates of Ras al Khaimah, Umm al Quwain, parallel to E311 without passing through the city of Dubai.

Gawler bypass road

Gawler Bypass Road is a major north-south route in the outer northern suburbs of the city of Adelaide, South Australia. It had the national designation of National Highway A20 north of the Northern Expressway, while south of this intersection it had the state designation of A52. From late 2016, the entire length was designated A20, corresponding to the Northern Expressway being designated M2 (instead of M20).It is a freeway standard route connecting Main North Road to the Sturt Highway, bypassing Gawler. Major exits include Angle Vale Road, Two Wells Road, Northern Expressway, Mallala Road and Horrocks Highway (formerly Main North Road). Each of these exits also have minor roads leading into Gawler.

The route was built in 1963 in an attempt to redirect traffic on the national highway out of Gawler town centre and has been upgraded and realigned several times since then.

Highway 60 (Israel–Palestine)

Highway 60 or (Hebrew: כביש 60‎, "Kvish Shishim") is a south-north intercity road in Israel and the West Bank that stretches from Beersheba to Nazareth.

Kalyanpur, Bhopal (census code 482425)

Not to be confused with Kalyanpur located near Bhopal-Sehore road.

Kalyanpur is a village in the Bhopal district of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is located in the Huzur tehsil and the Phanda block. It is situated near the Bhopal Bypass road; the nearest railway station is in Sukhi Sewaniya.

Kalyanpur, Bhopal (census code 482497)

Not to be confused with Kalyanpur located near Bhopal Bypass road and Sukhi Sewaniya station.

Kalyanpur is a village in the Bhopal district of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is located in the Huzur tehsil and the Phanda block.It is located near Moondla, Teela Khedi and Dehriya Kalan, not far from the Sehore-Bhopal road.

Kelgeri

Kelgeri is a village in Dharwad district of Karnataka, India.The village is surrounded by Kelgeri lake. The Dharwad–Hubli bypass road passes through the area. The famous Dharwad buffaloes are plentiful in this area. Buffalo farming is the main business. It is common to see people with several cans hanging on their bicycles in the morning, supplying milk to remote places of Dharwad. People selling milk are called by the name Gouli.

Apart from milk, Kelgeri has many good cooks of jowar roti that is famous in north Karnataka.

The nearest localities are Vinayak Nagar and Sadhan Keri.

List of bridges in Pakistan

This is a list of road flyovers, road overpasses, road and railway bridges in Pakistan.

Abdullahpur Flyover, road flyover, overpass, Faisalabad, Punjab

Abdullah Gul Interchange, road flyover, Lahore, Punjab

Attock Bridge, road and railway bridge, Indus River

Ayub Bridge, railway bridge, Sukkur

Aziz Cross/Rawalpindi Bypass Chowk Flyover, Gujranwala, Punjab (proposed)

Chandni Chowk Flyover, road flyover, Rawalpindi, Punjab

Chenab Bridge, G.T Road Gujrat, Punjab

Chiniot Bridge, road bridge, Chiniot, Punjab

Chund Bridge, road and railway bridge, Jhang, Punjab

Harbanspura Interchange, road flyover, Lahore, Punjab

Chowk Kumharanwala Level II Flyover/Jinnah Chowk Flyover, Multan, Punjab

Earthquake Memorial Bridge, road bridge, Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir

Gujrat Flyover, G.T Road/Bypass Road intersection, Gujrat, Punjab

Gomal Bridge,

Jhelum Bridge, road bridge, G.t Road, Jhelum, Punjab

Jinnah Bridge, road bridge, Karachi, Sindh,

Kak Pul, road bridge, Islamabad

Kalma Chowk Flyover, road flyover, overpass, Lahore, Punjab

Kangniwala Flover, Sialkot Bypass/Eastern Bypass, Gujranwala, Punjab

Kachehrti Chowk and Chungi No 7 & 8 Flyover, Multan, Punjab

Khiali Flyover, Bypass road Gujranwala, Punjab

Khushalgarh bridge, opened in 1907, on river Indus, it is a dual purpose bridge.

Kohala Bridge, road bridge, Kohala

Kotri Bridge, road and railway bridge, Hyderabad

Lansdowne Bridge Rohri, railway bridge, Sukkur

Lasbela Bridge, road bridge, Karachi, Sindh

Malir River Bridge, road bridge, Karachi, Sindh

Muslim Town Flyover, road flyover, overpass, Lahore, Punjab

Nala Ankar Bridge, Saghar Talagang, Chakwal, Punjab

Nala Ankar Bridge, in Talagang, Punjab, Pakistan

Napier Mole Bridge, in Karachi, Sindh

Native Jetty Bridge, in Karachi, Sindh

Nishtar Chowk Flyover, Multan, Punjab

Pul Moj Darya Flyover/Kalma Chowk Flyover, Multan, Punjab

Saggian Interchange, road flyover, overpass, Lahore, Punjab

Shaheen Chowk Flyover, Bypass road, Gujrat, Punjab (proposed)

Sher Shah Interchange Flyover, Multan, Punjab

T-Shape Flyover, G.T Road/Sialkot Road. Gujranwala, Punjab

Youyi Bridge, road bridge, Thakot

Yousuf Raza Gillani Flyover, Multan, Punjab

Zero Point Interchange, road overpass, Islamabad

List of educational institutions in Gujranwala

This is a list of educational institutions in Gujranwala, Pakistan.

Mbarara

Mbarara is a city in the Western Region of Uganda. It is the main municipal, administrative, and commercial centre of Mbarara District and the site of the district headquarters.

Mbarara Northern Bypass Road

The Mbarara Northern Bypass Road is a road that bypasses the northern part of Mbarara City.

N1 highway (Philippines)

The National Route 1 (N1) is a primary national route that forms part of the Philippine highway network, running from Luzon to Mindanao. Except for a 19-kilometer (12 mi) gap in Metro Manila and ferry connections, the highway is generally continuous. Most sections of N1 forms the Pan-Philippine Highway except for sections bypassed by expressways.

Patna Metro

Patna Metro (Hindi: पटना मेट्रो) is an approved rapid transit system for the city of Patna in Bihar, India. It would be owned and operated by state run Patna Metro Rail Corporation. It will be constructed on PPP mode, estimated to cost ₹13,411.77 crore (US$2 billion).On 14 September 2011, the Planning Commission of India gave approval for the Patna Metro. The Metro rail will be introduced on two routes under the public-private partnership mode.

The Metro rail is expected to run on two corridors by 2024. For First Phase – east-west corridor and north-south corridor – i.e.

Danapur to Mithapur bus stand and Patna Railway Station to Proposed ISBT,there will be 15.38 elevated track and 15.75 underground track in phase 1. In the second phase, Metro Rail services would be provided between Bypass Chowk Mithapur to Deedarganj via Transport Nagar along NH 30 Bypass (13 km) Elevated along Bypass Road, and in the third phase between Bypass Chowk Mithapur to Phulwari Shariff AIIMS via Anisabad along NH 30 Bypass (11 km) Elevated along Bypass Road.The fourth phase is from Didargang to Fatuha jn.

Santiago–Tuguegarao Road

Santiago–Tuguegarao Road is a major road in the provinces of Cagayan, Kalinga, and Isabela in the Philippines. It is a bypass junction of the Pan-Philippine Highway, connecting to the cities of Tuguegarao and Santiago.

The road is a component of National Route 51 (N51) and National Route 53 (N53) of the Philippine highway network.

Thai highway network

The Thai highway network follows the left-hand traffic rule of the road. The network is the twin responsibility of the Department of Highways (DOH, Thai: กรมทางหลวง, Krom Thang Luang), and the Department of Rural Roads (DORR, กรมทางหลวงชนบท, Krom Thang Luang Chonnabot), under the oversight of the Transportation ministry of Thailand. Public highways (ทางหลวง, thang luang) are also called public roads (ถนนหลวง, thanon luang), especially when part of urban streets. The network spans over 70,000 kilometers across all regions of Thailand.

Most are single carriageways. Dual carriageways have frequent u-turn lanes and intersections slowing down traffic. Coupled with the increase in the number of vehicles and the demand for a limited-access motorway, the Thai Government issued a Cabinet resolution in 1997 detailing the motorway construction master plan. Some upgraded sections of highway are being turned into a "motorway", while other motorways are not being built from highway sections.

Transport in Eluru

There are various modes of transportation available in Eluru and its region. It includes auto rickshaws, bicycles to mass transit systems – such as buses and trains. The city was once famed for its traffic problems with the railway gates at Vatluru, Venkatraopet, Powerpet, Old bus stand and Eastern Locks areas. When the National Highway passed through the city, the traffic hurried to pass over the railway gates in the city and outskirts, which makes traffic worse.To avoid the traffic congestion, the government of India constructed a mini bypass road connecting Eastern locks and Vatluru on both ends of the city. Even then, the traffic problem were not resolved. The main bypass road (which was constructed under Golden Quadrilateral programme which was completed in the late 1990s) had only 10,000 vehicles pass through the bypass road; now it has almost doubled.Traffic in the city of narrow lanes was growing by the day. Even though officials constructed an underbridge at Venkatraopet railway gate and a railway overbridge at old bus stand besides the foot bridge at Powerpet was replaced by another bridge, but the traffic has doubled, without giving any relief to citizens. There are 93 traffic centres identified in the city.

Ukkadam-Valankulam Lake

Ukkadam-Valankulam Lake is one of the lakes in Coimbatore, South India. It is situated between Trichy road and Sungam bypass road connecting with Ukkadam. A railway track connecting Coimbatore Junction and Podanur passes over the lake. Various birds including little grebes and purple moorhen can be seen in this lake.

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