Buxar

Buxar is a city in the state of Bihar in the eastern part of India bordering eastern Uttar Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Buxar District. The Battle of Buxar and Battle of Chausa were fought in the vicinity.[1][2][3] Buxar Railway Station lies on Patna–Mughalsarai section of Howrah–Delhi main line. It is approximately 125 km from the state capital of Patna. The local language of Buxar is Bhojpuri.

Buxar
City
Buxar is located in Bihar
Buxar
Buxar
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°33′38″N 83°58′50″E / 25.56049°N 83.98054°ECoordinates: 25°33′38″N 83°58′50″E / 25.56049°N 83.98054°E
Country India
StateBihar
DistrictBuxar
Area
 • Total1,620 km2 (630 sq mi)
Elevation
55 m (180 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total102,861
 • Density63/km2 (160/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
802101
Telephone code06183
Vehicle registrationBR-44
Websitebuxar.bih.nic.in

Demography

As of 2011 India census,[4] Buxar had a population of 102,861. Males constitute 52.65% of the population and females 47.35%. Buxar has an average literacy rate of 79.77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 87% and female literacy of 65%. 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Geography Buxar district occupies an area of 1,703 square kilometres (658 sq mi).

Mythology It is said that Ahilya, the wife of Gautam Rishi restored her human body from that of stone and got salvation by a mere touch of the feet of Lord Rama. This place is now known as Ahirauli, and is situated six kilometers away from Buxar.

Battle of Buxar The Battle of Buxar was fought on 22 October 1764 between the forces under the command of the British East India Company led by Hector Munro and the combined armies of Mir Qasim, the Nawab of Bengal; the Nawab of Awadh; and the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II.[4] The battle fought at Buxar, a "small fortified town" within the territory of Bengal, located on the banks of the Ganges river about 130 kilometres (81 mi) west of Patna, was a decisive victory for the British East India Company.

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
191111,309—    
192110,098−10.7%
193113,449+33.2%
194114,879+10.6%
195118,087+21.6%
196123,068+27.5%
197131,691+37.4%
198142,952+35.5%
199155,753+29.8%
200183,168+49.2%
2011102,861+23.7%
"District Census Handbook Part A - Buxar" (PDF). Census of India. p. 731.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ https://www.telegraphindia.com/1151027/jsp/bihar/story_49751.jsp#.WMNcKfnyuM8 Archived 12 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Census of Buxar". Census of India. Archived from the original on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
Bairia

Bariya (बैरिया) is a nagar panchyat in Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh. Bariya Nagar panchyat in (divided 16 ward) Bairia Tehsil in Ballia District of Uttar Pradesh State, India. It belongs to Azamgarh Division . It is located 35 km to the east of district headquarters Ballia. It is a block headquarters and tehsil headquarters.

Bairia Pin code is 277201 and postal head office is Bairia (Ballia).

Bairia is surrounded by Murlichhapra Block towards South, Chakki Block towards South, Reoti Block towards west, Shahpur Block towards South. Reoti, Revelganj, Behea, Chhapra are the nearby cities to Bairia.

This place is in the border of the Ballia District and Buxar District. Buxar District Chakki is south towards this place. Also it is in the border of other district Bhojpur. It is near to the Bihar State border.

Battle of Buxar

The Battle of Buxar was fought on 22 October 1764, during the Bengal War was between the forces under the command of the British East India Company, led by Hector Munro, and the combined armies of Mir Qasim, Nawab of Bengal till 1763; the Nawab of Awadh; and the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II. The battle was fought at Buxar, a "small fortified town" within the territory of Bihar, located on the banks of the Ganges river about 130 kilometres (81 mi) west of Patna; it was a decisive victory for the British East India Company. Shuja-ud-Daulah and Shah Alam surrendered, and the war was brought to an end by the Treaty of Allahabad in 1765.

Brahampur (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Brahampur Lagislative Assembly Constituency (Hindi: ब्रहमपुर विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is an assembly constituency in Buxar district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is a part of the Buxar Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituency of the state. As recommended by the Delimitation Commission of India in 2008, the Brahampur legislative assembly segment comprises Simri, Chakki and Brahampur community development blocks.

Below is a year-wise list of the MLAs of Brahampur Lagislative Assembly Constituency along with their party names till date:

Brahampur Assembly Election 2015 Dates

Buxar (Lok Sabha constituency)

Buxar Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 40 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Bihar state in eastern India.

Buxar (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Buxar vidhan sabha constituency is one of the 243 assembly constituencies of Bihar Vidhan Sabha. It comes under Buxar (Lok Sabha constituency) for parliamentary elections. In Bihar Legislative Assembly election, 2015, Buxar will be one of the 36 seats to have VVPAT enabled electronic voting machines.

Buxar district

Buxar district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar with headquarters at Buxar City. The district was carved out from Bhojpur District in 17th March 1991. It shares a border with Uttar Pradesh and is located on the banks of the Ganges River.

This place was also known as “Siddhashram”, “Vedgarbhapuri”, “Karush”, “Tapovan”, “Chaitrath”, “VyaghraSar”, “Buxar” in ancient history.

Buxar railway station

Buxar railway station is a railway station in Buxar district, Bihar, India. Its code is BXR. It serves Buxar city. The station consists of 3 platforms. Buxar is connected to the state capital Patna by rail routes and there are direct trains from Buxar to the metro cities of India like Bangalore, Delhi, Jaipur, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Pune, Surat, Hyderabad, Guwahati and Mumbai. 3

Dumraon

Dumraon is a sub division in Buxar district in the Indian state of Bihar. Dumraon is one of Bihar's oldest municipalities and one of India's oldest princely states. It is located 1.5 km south of National Highway (NH) 84 (Ara-Buxar Highway), 20 kilometres (12 mi)north from NH-30 (Patna-Ara-Mohania) and 80 kilometres (50 mi) from NH-2 (Delhi- Kolkata). It is known for its Sinhora. Sights include Jangali Shiv ka Mandir, Bihariji Ka Mandir, Dumrejani mai ka Mandir and Kaliji Ka Mandir. The famous villages near by Dumraon are Baisegaon (Fafadar), Kopwaon, Koran Sarai, Nandan, Chaugain, amsari, Simari, Ariaon & Sowan.

Dumraon (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Dumraon Vidhan Sabha constituency is one of 243 legislative assembly of legislative assembly of Bihar. It is comes under Buxar lok sabha constituency.

Kailashpati Mishra

Kailashpati Mishra (5 October 1923 – 3 November 2012) was an Indian politician. He was leader of the Bharatiya Janta Party and a former Governor of Gujarat and for a short duration Governor of Rajasthan following the died of the incumbent Governor Nirmal Chandra Jain.

Lallan Prasad Singh

Lallan Prasad Singh ICS (1912 – 17 October 1998) was Governor of Assam (1973–80), Manipur (1973–80, 1982–83), Meghalaya (1973–80), Nagaland (1973–81), and Tripura (1973–80).

He was awarded Padma Vibhushan award in 1999 after his death.

He was born in Buxar, Bihar, India, in 1912 and died in New Delhi on 17 October 1998. A member of the 1936 batch of the Imperial Civil Service, he joined the ICS on 9 September 1936. After independence in 1947, he served a long and distinguished career in the Indian Administrative Service. L.P. Singh was Chief Secretary during first Independent government of Bihar (1946–61). He enjoyed the confidence of both the first Bihar Chief Minister Dr S K Singh & deputy Chief Minister cum Finance Minister Dr Anugrah Narain Sinha. He also held several posts including Home Secretary of India, Governor of the five North Eastern States and Indian Ambassador to Nepal.

Apart from his bureaucratic career, Singh also authored two books: Portrait of Lal Bahadur Shastri: the Quintessential Gandhiian and Electoral Reform in India.

He was married to Manorama Singh (née Mehta) and had four children, namely, Vineeta, Nandini, Vijay and Priyadarshini.

List of constituencies of the Bihar Legislative Assembly

Bihar Legislative Assembly came into existence in 1937. The Assembly had a strength of 155 members. According to the provisions of the Constitution of India, the first General Elections in the state were held in 1952. The total strength of membership in the Assembly was 331, including one nominated member. Dr. Sri Krishna Singh became the first Leader of the house and the Chief Minister and Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha was elected the first deputy leader of the assembly and became state's first Deputy Chief Minister. It was reduced to 318 during the second General Elections. In 1977, the total number of elected members of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was further raised from 318 to 324. With the creation of a separate State of Jharkhand, by an Act of Parliament titled the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000, the strength of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was reduced from 325 to 243 members.

Mir Qasim

Mir Qasim (Bengali: মীর কাসেম; 8 May 1777) was the Nawab of Bengal from 1760 to 1763. He was installed as Nawab with the support of the British East India Company, replacing Mir Jafar, his father-in-law, who had himself been supported earlier by the East India Company after his role in the Battle of Plassey. However, Mir Jafar was in conflict with the East India company over too many demands and tried to tie up with the Dutch East India Company. The British eventually overran the Dutch forces at Chinsura and played a major role in replacing Mir Jafar with Mir Qasim. Qasim later fell out with the British and fought them at the Battle of Buxar. His defeat has been suggested as the last real chance of preventing a gradual British expansion in large parts of North East India following Britain's victory in the Seven Years War.

National Highway 922 (India)

National Highway 922 (NH 922) is a National Highway in India. This highway connects Buxar and Patna in Bihar.

Raghunathpur, Buxar

Raghunathpur is a census town in Buxar District in the Indian state of Bihar.

Rajpur (Bihar Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Rajpur Vidhan Sabha constituency is one of 243 legislative assembly of legislative assembly of Bihar. It is comes under Buxar lok sabha constituency.

Ramgarh, Kaimur (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Ramgarh Vidhan Sabha constituency is one of 243 legislative assembly of legislative assembly of Bihar. It is comes under Buxar lok sabha constituency.

Shahabad district

Shahabad district or Arrah district, headquartered at Arrah (now part of Bhojpur District) was a bhojpuri speaking district in western Bihar, India making western border of Bihar with Uttar Pradesh. In year 1972, the district was subsequently bifurcated into two districts namely Bhojpur and Rohtas. Later on Kaimur District was carved out from Rohtas in 1991 and Buxar District from Bhojpur in 1992.

The districts in erstwhile Shahabad are as follows.

Bhojpur District headquartered at Arrah

Rohtas District headquartered at Sasaram

Kaimur District headquartered at Bhabua

Buxar District headquartered at BuxarAll four above districts falls under Patna Division along with Patna and Nalanda District.

Shuja-ud-Daula

Shuja-ud-Daulah (b. (1732-01-19)19 January 1732 – d. (1775-01-26)26 January 1775) was the Subedar Nawab of Oudh from 5 October 1754 to 26 January 1775 .

Though a minor royal, he is best known for his key roles in two definitive battles in Indian history – the Third Battle of Panipat which temporarily halted Maratha domination of the northern regions of the Mughal Empire and overthrew Shah Jahan III and reaffirmed Shah Alam II as the rightful emperor of the Mughal Empire. He had allied himself with Mir Qasim and took part in the Battle of Buxar, which ended in defeat.

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