Bust (sculpture)

A bust is a sculpted or cast representation of the upper part of the human figure, depicting a person's head and neck, and a variable portion of the chest and shoulders. The piece is normally supported by a plinth. The bust is generally a portrait intended to record the appearance of an individual, but may sometimes represent a type. They may be of any medium used for sculpture, such as marble, bronze, terracotta, wax or wood.

Unidentified woman, by Joseph Chinard, terracotta, 1802


Sculptural portrait heads from classical antiquity, stopping at the neck, are sometimes displayed as busts. However, these are often fragments from full-body statues, or were created to be inserted into an existing body, a common Roman practice;[1] these portrait heads are not included in this article. Equally, sculpted heads stopping at the neck are sometimes mistakenly called busts.

The portrait bust was a Hellenistic Greek invention, though very few original Greek examples survive, as opposed to many Roman copies of them. There are four Roman copies as busts of Pericles with the Corinthian helmet, but the Greek original was a full-length bronze statue. They were very popular in Roman portraiture.[2]

The Roman tradition may have originated in the tradition of Roman patrician families keeping wax masks, perhaps death masks, of dead members, in the atrium of the family house. When another family member died, these were worn by people chosen for the appropriate build in procession at the funeral, in front of the propped-up body of the deceased, as an "astonished" Polybius reported, from his long stay in Rome beginning in 167 BC.[3] Later these seem to have been replaced or supplemented by sculptures. Possession of such imagines maiorum ("portraits of the ancestors") was a requirement for belonging to the Equestrian order.[4]

Pictorial timeline

Pericles Pio-Clementino Inv269 n3

Pericles with the Corinthian helmet (marble, Roman after a Greek original, c. 430 BC)

Capitoline Brutus Musei Capitolini MC1183

Bronze bust of Lucius Junius Brutus, the Capitoline Brutus, late 4th century BC to early 3rd century BC

Busto de Vibia Sabina (M. Prado) 01

The Empress Vibia Sabina (c. 130 AD)


Emperor Commodus dressed as Hercules, c. 191 CE, in the late imperial "baroque" style.

Aachen Domschatz Bueste1

Reliquary bust of Charlemagne (gold, Aachen Cathedral treasury, 14th century)

Juliano de Médici, por Verrocchio

Giuliano de' Medici by Andrea del Verrocchio (terracotta, 1475–85)

Fugger Meit 2

Jakob Fugger the Rich by Conrat Meit (polychrome wood, c. 1515)

WLA metmuseum Reliquary Bust of a Female Saint

Reliquary of a saint (oak, paint, gilding, 1520–30)

Alessandro algardi, il cardinale paolo emilio zacchia, 1650 ca.

Terracotta modello by Alessandro Algardi of Cardinal Paolo Emilio Zacchia, c. 1650

Menshikov by Rastrelli (1717, copy by I.Vitali, GRM) by shakko 01

Menshikov by Rastrelli (1717)

Bust of a Man by the studio of Francis Harwood

Bust of a Man[5] from the studio of Francis Harwood (black limestone, c. 1758)

Tête grimaçante Franz Xaver Messerschmidt

Simplicity of the Highest Degree, ninth in a series of character heads by Franz Xaver Messerschmidt (alabaster, after 1770)

Be sheekee

Chief Beshekee by Francis Vincenti (marble, 1855–56)

The Veiled Nun

The Veiled Nun by Giuseppe Croff (marble, 1860)

Carpeaux Valenciennes 080810 51 Mater Dolorosa

Mater Dolorosa by Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux (terracotta, 1869–70)

Victor Nessler-Orangerie-Strasbourg (3)

Viktor Nessler by Alfred Marzolff (bronze, 1890s)

Francis de Saint-Vidal - Mme Jeanne Granier

Jeanne Granier by Francis de Saint-Vidal (late 19th century)


Keys To Community (featuring Benjamin Franklin) by James Peniston (2007)

See also


  1. ^ Stewart, 47
  2. ^ Stewart, 46-47
  3. ^ Belting, 116-117
  4. ^ Belting, 116
  5. ^ Previously known as The Blackamoor.


  • Belting, Hans, An Anthropology of Images: Picture, Medium, Body, 2014, Princeton University Press, ISBN 0691160961, 9780691160962, google books
  • Stewart, Peter, Statues in Roman Society: Representation and Response, 2003, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0199240949, 9780199240944, google books

External links

Adiyogi Shiva statue

The Adiyogi statue is a 34.3-metre-tall (112.4 ft) excluding plinth, 45-metre-long (147 ft) and 7.62-metre-wide (24.99 ft) statue of the Hindu deity Shiva with white Thirunamam at Coimbatore in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, which has been recognized by the Guinness World Records as the "Largest Bust Sculpture” in the world. Designed by Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev, founder of the Isha Foundation, it was built by the foundation and weighs around 500 tonnes (490 long tons; 550 short tons). Sadhguru said that the statue is for inspiring and promoting yoga, and is named Adiyogi, which means "the first yogi", because Shiva is known as the originator of yoga.

Adiyogi was inaugurated on 24 February 2017 by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, on the occasion of Maha Shivaratri – a Hindu festival celebrated annually in honour of Shiva. The Indian Ministry of Tourism has included the statue as a consecration destination in its official Incredible India campaign. The Adiyogi Statue has been recognized as the "Largest Bust Sculpture" by Guinness World Records.

Benito Juarez Community Academy

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Bust may refer to:

Bust (sculpture), depicting a person's head and shoulders

Bust (magazine), a feminist pop culture magazine

Bust, Bas-Rhin, a city in north-eastern France

Lashkar Gah, a city in Afghanistan, also known as Bust or Bost

Bust, a woman's breasts

Boom and bust cycle in economics

Going over 21 in blackjack

"Bust", 2015 song by rapper Waka Flocka Flame

An arrest or confrontation for wrongdoing

Casey Stengel (Sherbell)

Casey Stengel a public sculpture by American artist, Rhoda Sherbell, is located on the Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis campus, which is near downtown Indianapolis, Indiana. The sculpture can be found in the courtyard of the University Place Hotel. Installed in 2000, the sculpture was cast in bronze with a height of 43 inches.

Eternity (comics)

Eternity is a fictional cosmic entity appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. He is the de facto leader of the abstract entities collectively known as the Cosmic Powers of the Marvel Universe.

Created by scripter-editor Stan Lee and artist-plotter Steve Ditko, the character is first mentioned in Strange Tales #134 (July 1965) and first appears in Strange Tales #138 (Nov. 1965).

Debuting in the Silver Age of Comic Books, the character has appeared in five decades of Marvel continuity and appeared in associated Marvel merchandise including animated television series, trading cards, and video games.


Fuendetodos is a town in the Campo de Belchite comarca (county), in Aragon, Spain, located about 44 kilometers south-east of Zaragoza. As of 2011, it had a population of approximately 178.

The town is associated with painter Francisco de Goya, who was born in Fuendetodos in 1746, and contains a museum dedicated to his work. The town has nearly 25,000 visitors each year.

Howick, KwaZulu-Natal

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The town is the location of Howick Falls, which is a large waterfall that occurs when the Umgeni River falls 95 metres (311 feet) over dolerite cliffs on its way to the Indian Ocean. The waterfall was known as kwaNogqaza or "The Place of the Tall One" by the original Zulu inhabitants. There are several other waterfalls in the vicinity and all of them have claimed human lives. Near Howick are Cascade Falls (25 m) and Shelter Falls (37 m), while Karkloof Falls (105 m) is 16 km to the east.

There are also a number of schools in Howick, including Howick High School.


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Major sites within this archaeological complex include Lepenski Vir. Stages at this site dated at c. 6300–6000 BCE have been described as "the first city in Europe", due to its permanency, organisation, as well as the sophistication of its architecture and construction techniques. Lepenski Vir consists of one large settlement with around 10 satellite villages. Numerous piscine sculptures and peculiar architecture have been found at the site.

J. Paul Lanza

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Lanza and his wife of 54 years, Susanne, currently reside in Simsbury, Connecticut, where he has been active in the town building committee, historic district commission and design review board. He holds a bachelors in American Studies from St. Michaels College (Winooski, VT) and a certificate in building construction from the Rhode Island School of Design. Lanza also served as an advisor to the US Secretary of Housing on the implementation of housing materials for US rural and foreign markets.

Jaggi Vasudev

Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev (born Mysore, 3 September 1957), often referred to as simply Sadhguru, is an Indian yogi, mystic, and author. He founded the Isha Foundation, a non-profit organization which offers Yoga programs around the world and is involved in social outreach, education and environmental initiatives. His books have appeared in The New York Times Best Seller list in multiple categories like "Health", "Religion, Spirituality and Faith", and "Advice, How-To & Miscellaneous".Sadhguru was conferred the Padma Vibhushan civilian award by the Government of India in 2017 in recognition of his contribution to the field of spiritualism.

John Horgan (Irish nationalist)

John J. Horgan (26 April 1881 – 21 July 1967) was an Irish, Cork born active nationalist politician, solicitor and author. He supported and was closely associated with the Irish Parliamentary Party as well as the Irish Volunteers movement. He was a member of the Cork Harbour Commission for many decades and for a time chairman of the Cork Opera House.The son of a Cork solicitor, he was educated at Clongowes Wood College, Co. Kildare, before becoming a solicitor in 1902. Through his father, who was Coroner for Cork City and County, he came to know Charles Stewart Parnell after his father nominated Parnell for Cork city in the 1880 general election and acted as his agent until his death. Horgan (jn.) supported the Irish Parliamentary Party founded by Parnell, later fostering an allegiance with its leaders, John Redmond and John Dillon. He took a close interest in matters relating to the Conradh na Gaeilge. Also keen on the arts, he was for many years chairman of the Cork Opera House. John Horgan was encouraged in his literary interests by Canon Sheehan of Doneraile. During the inquest in Kinsale for the victims of the Lusitania disaster in 1915 he presided as coroner, after which he joined the Coast Patrol service at Millcove near Rosscarbery witnessing the sinking of several cargo vessels during the following years. He sat on the board of the Cork Harbour Commission for the unusually long period of forty-nine years.From 1913 Horgan was associated with the Irish Volunteers movement in Cork, after its split in 1914 was Captain in the National Volunteers. In regular contact with Eoin Mac Neill and Roger Casement, he exchanged frequent correspondence with both. Casement, in a long revealing reply to Horgan from February 1914, assured that . . . “freedom may come far sooner than you think. Go on with the Volunteers. . . . I’ll get you arms – if you get the men ready”. However, when Casement landed in Co. Kerry in April 1916 on his hapless return from Germany, he was determined if possible to prevent a rebellion taking place. After his arrest, the Dublin Evening Mail published the fact that he had given a statement to a priest imploring the Volunteer leaders to cancel all plans for an insurrection.Horgan defended Austin Stack in 1917 when charged under the Defence of the Realm Acts, but from 1918 became firmly convinced that the approach taken by constitutionalists was the only path that would have ensured the unity of Ireland. He wrote that following the tragic incident at Soloheadbeg in January 1919 the extremists triumphed, but likewise divided Ireland. Apart from his works, he published many articles, including a series of seven articles contributed to The Leader during June and July 1917 entitled An Irish Constitution as a prelude to the meeting of the Irish Convention.He died in Cork, on 21 July 1967 aged 86 and was buried in St. Finbarr's Cemetery, Cork, his headstone sculptured by Seamus Murphy. A life size bronze bust sculpture was cast by Marshall J. Hutson in 1938.


Karnobat (Bulgarian: Карнобат) is a town in the Burgas Province, Southeastern Bulgaria. It is the administrative centre of the homonymous Karnobat Municipality. As of December 2009, the town has a population of 18,480 inhabitants.

Mexicans in Chicago

There is a Mexican American population in the Chicago metropolitan area.

Residencia Subirá

The Residencia Subirá (Subirá Residence), also known as Residencia Frau (Frau Residence), is a historic building located on Reina Street in Ponce, Puerto Rico, in the city's historic district. The building dates from 1910. It was designed by the architect Blas Silva. The architecture follows the Ponce Creole tradition.

Robert A. Funk

Bob Funk Sr. is the Co-founder, President, and Board Member of Express Employment Professionals, an employment agency company headquartered in Oklahoma City. He owns various enterprises, including sports teams, through his Express subsidiaries and is a philanthropist who sits on the governing boards of several organizations. He also served as chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank in Kansas City.

Sean Connery

Sir Thomas Sean Connery, KBE (born 25 August 1930) is a retired Scottish actor and producer, who has won an Academy Award, two BAFTA Awards, one of them being a BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award and three Golden Globes, including the Cecil B. DeMille Award and a Henrietta Award.

Connery was the first actor to portray the character James Bond in film, starring in seven Bond films, between 1962 and 1983. In 1988, Connery won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in The Untouchables. His film career also includes such films as Marnie, The Name of the Rose, The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, The Hunt for Red October, Finding Forrester, Highlander, Murder on the Orient Express, Dragonheart, and The Rock.

Connery has been polled in The Sunday Herald as "The Greatest Living Scot" and in a EuroMillions survey as "Scotland's Greatest Living National Treasure". He was voted by People magazine as both the “Sexiest Man Alive” in 1989 and the “Sexiest Man of the Century” in 1999. Connery was knighted in the 2000 New Year Honours for services to Film Drama, which also came with a KBE title.


A statue is a free-standing sculpture in which the realistic, full-length figures of persons or animals or non-representational forms are carved in a durable material like wood, metal, or stone. Typical statues are life-sized or close to life-size; a sculpture that represents persons or animals in full figure but that is small enough to lift and carry is a statuette or figurine, while one more than twice life-size is a colossal statue.Statues have been produced in many cultures from prehistory to the present; the oldest known statue dating to about 30,000 years ago. Statues represent many different people and animals, real and mythical. Many statues are placed in a public places as public art. The world's tallest statue, Statue of Unity, is 182 metres (597 ft) tall and is located near the Narmada dam in Gujarat, India.


Uatu (), often simply known as The Watcher, is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Credited to Stan Lee and Jack Kirby, he first appeared in The Fantastic Four #13 (April 1963).

He is a member of the Watchers, an extraterrestrial species who in the distant past stationed themselves across space to monitor the activities of other species. Uatu is the Watcher assigned to observe Earth and its solar system.

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