Burzil Pass

The Burzil Pass (el. 4,100 m (13,500 ft))[2] is an ancient pass in northern Pakistan, and is part of the historic caravan route between Srinagar and Gilgit. The pass lies close to the Line of Control demarcating India and Pakistan, which has since closed the Burzil. The crest of the pass is wide and covered in summer with alpine grass vegetation.[3] The Astor river originates from western slopes of the pass.[4]

It is the oldest route connecting Gilgit with Srinagar and Skardu through Deosai Plateau. The travellers used horses and ponies to cross the pass. At the beginning of the 20th century a hut of post couriers was situated on the crest of the pass. They brought mail from India to China.[5]

Gilgit is some 367 km (228 mi)[2] from Srinagar by road over the Burzil Pass above the northern banks of Wular Lake and Gurez.[6]

From Astore to Burzil Pass Road the following main places are in the route: Gorikot , Astore River Bridge , Maikaal , Dad Khitran , and Chilam Chowki .

Burzil Pass
Burzil Pass, Kashmir
Burzil Pass
Elevation4,100 m (13,451 ft)
LocationAzad Kashmir, Pakistan
RangeHimalaya Range
Coordinates34°54′00″N 75°06′00″E / 34.90000°N 75.10000°ECoordinates: 34°54′00″N 75°06′00″E / 34.90000°N 75.10000°E[1]


  1. ^ GeoNames.org. "Burzil Pass".
  2. ^ a b Imperial Gazetteer of India. Provincial Series: Kashmir and Jammu (facsimile reprint). Adamant Media Corporation (original: Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta). 4 July 2001 [1909]. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-543-91776-8. Retrieved 2009-08-10.
  3. ^ "Tulail Gangabal Naranag Trek Gurez-Valley by Kashmir Treks". Kashmir Treks. Retrieved 2019-01-10.
  4. ^ Sultana, K.; Muqarrab Shah; T.M.Upson (2007). "Altitudinal Distribution of Grasses, Sedges and Rushes of Deosai Plateau: Pakistan". The Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 6 (11): 2518. ISSN 1579-4377. Archived from the original on 2009-12-18. Retrieved 2009-08-11.
  5. ^ "The Western Regions according to the Hou Hanshu, Chapter on the Western Regions from Hou Hanshu 88, The Kingdom of Wuyishanli 烏弋山離 (Kandahar, including Arachosia and Drangiana), 2nd ed". John Hill (translation, notes, appendices). September 2003.CS1 maint: others (link)
  6. ^ Bamzai, P. N. K. (1994). Culture and political history of Kashmir. 1. Ancient Kashmir. M D Publications. p. 9. ISBN 978-81-85880-31-0. Retrieved 2009-08-10.
Astore River

Astor River (Urdu: دریائے استور‎), in Pakistan's Gilgit-Baltistan administrative region, is a tributary of the Indus River and one of the rivers draining the Deosai Plateau, running through Astore Valley. The river originates from western slopes of Burzil Pass.Astor river joins Gilgit River at coordinates 34°00′N 74°41′E.

Babusar Pass

Babusar Pass or Babusar Top (Urdu: درہ بابوسر‎) (elevation 4,173 metres or 13,691 feet) is a mountain pass at the north of the 150 km. (93 miles) long Kaghan Valley connecting it via the Thak Nala with Chilas on the Karakoram Highway (KKH). It is the highest point in the babusar valley that can be easily accessed by cars. Babusar Pass connects Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with Gilgit Baltistan province of Pakistan.The Kaghan Valley is at its best during summer (months ranging from May to September). In May the maximum temperature is 11 C (52 F) and the minimum temperature is 3 C (37 F). From the middle of July up to the end of September the road beyond Naran is open right up to Babusar Pass. However, movement is restricted during the monsoon and winter seasons. The Kaghan area can be reached by road via the cities of Islamabad or Peshawar.

The mountain ranges which enter Mansehra district from Kashmir are the offshoots of the great Himalayan system. In Kaghan valley the mountain system is the highest of the area including the Babusar top. This range flanks the right bank of the Kunhar, contains a peak Malika Parbat of over 17,000 feet (19), the highest in the district. On the mountains the grasslands are also found where Gujars and other nomads migrate during summer for grazing their sheep, goats and other animals. On the northern side there are mountains which are the extension of the same mountain system as that of Kaghan mountains. This range diverges from the eastern side at Musa-ka-Musalla a peak (13,378 feet) (20), which skirt the northern end of the Bhogarmang and Konsh valleys, and sends down a spur to divide the two. Here also, like Kaghan, thick forests are found especially on the higher slopes. Due to extensive exploitation only in unapproachable areas the thick forests are found.

Bashkaro Pass

Bashkaro Pass or Bashkaro Top is a pass (class T - Hypsographic) in Pakistan, with the region font code of Asia/Pacific.. It is located at an elevation of 4,924 meters above sea level. Its coordinates are 35°52'55" N and 72°32'27" E in DMS (Degrees Minutes Seconds) or 35.8819 and 72.5408 (in decimal degrees). Its UTM position is BV77 and its Joint Operation Graphics reference is NI43-01.

Bashkāro Pass is also known as Kukush Pass and Bashkarn An which connects Swat Valley with Ghizer Valley, GB. A Pass is a break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other. Its strating point is Mahodand Lake and the ending point is Langar, GhizerThe pass is a demanding and rarely crossed pass and link the upper Ghizar Valley with the Ushu Gol in Kalam Kohistan to the south. This is approximately a 60km trek through Hinduksh range featuring mighty lakes rivers and glaciers.

Conrad O'Brien-ffrench

Conrad Fulke Thomond O'Brien-ffrench (19 November 1893 – 23 October 1986), was a distinguished British Secret Intelligence Officer, Captain in the Tipperary Rangers of the Royal Irish Regiment and 16th The Queen's Lancers in World War I, and Mountie for the Royal Northwest Mounted Police. He was also an accomplished artist, linguist, mountaineer, skier and author.

Doru Shahabad

Doru Shahabad (also written as Dooru Shahabad or only Doru) is a town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is also known as historical township in South Kashmir's Anantnag district. Doru shahabad has been known as a place of intelligentia where great scholars like Mehmood shah Gami, Rasul Mir shahabadi, were borne who contributed to the literature and culture of kashmir. In present times shahabad has produced chief minister like syed mir qasim and many other politicians, beuracrates and some leading agricultural scientists.


Gilgit (Shina: گلیت, Urdu: گلگت‎) is the capital city of the Gilgit-Baltistan territory of Pakistan. The city is located in a broad valley near the confluence of the Gilgit River and Hunza River. Gilgit is a major tourist destination in Pakistan, and serves as a hub for trekking and mountaineering expeditions in the Karakoram Range.

The town was once a Buddhist centre; it was an important stop on the ancient Silk Road, and today serves as a major junction along the Karakoram Highway with road connections to China, Skardu, Chitral, Peshawar, and Islamabad. Currently, it serves as a frontier station for local tribal areas. Its economy is mainly agricultural, with wheat, maize, and barley as the main crops.


Gurez, or Gurais (Guráai in the local Shina language), is a valley located in the high Himalayas, about 86 kilometres (53 mi) from Bandipore and 146 kilometres (91 mi) from Srinagar in northern Kashmir and southern Gilgit-Baltistan. At about 8,000 feet (2,400 m) above sea level, the valley is surrounded by snow-capped mountains. It has diverse fauna and wildlife including the Himalayan brown bear and the snow leopard. The Kishanganga River flows through the valley. The road to Gilgit runs through Gurez.

Gurez is divided into three regions. The area from Toabat to Sharda Peeth is administered by Pakistan as Neelum District, that between Kamri and Minimarg is administered by the Pakistan as Astore District, Gilgit-Baltistan, and that from Toabat to Abdullae Tulail is known as Gurez tehsil, and is part of the Indian-administered Bandipora district.

Being situated very close to the Burzil Pass, which leads into Astore District of Gilgit-Baltistan, the inhabitants are ethnic Dards/Shins. They speak the Shina language and have the same styles of dress and culture as their kinsmen in Pakistani- administered Northern areas.

Dawar is the central township in the area. The population of the area is estimated to be about 30,000, and is scattered among fifteen villages. Due to heavy snowfall and closure of Razdan Pass in winter, (approx. 6-7 fts) the valley remains cut off for six months of the year.


Minimerg is the untouched valley of the District Astore in the Pakistani region of Gilgit-Baltistan. Due to close proximity to the LOC (Line of Control), limited civilian tourists are allowed.

Operation Eraze

Operation Eraze is the codename of the assault and capture of Gurais in northern Kashmir by the Indian Army during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947.

Parnassius stoliczkanus

Parnassius stoliczkanus, the Ladakh banded Apollo, is a rare high-altitude butterfly which is found in Central Asia. It is a member of the snow Apollo genus (Parnassius) of the swallowtail family. It is named after the naturalist and explorer Ferdinand Stoliczka.

Siege of Skardu

The Siege of Skardu was a prolonged military blockade carried out by the Gilgit Scouts, Chitral Scouts and Chitral State Bodyguards, acting in coordination against Jammu and Kashmir State Forces and the Indian Army in the town of Skardu, during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947.

Uri, Jammu and Kashmir

Uri is a town and a tehsil in the Baramulla district, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Uri is located on the left bank of the Jhelum River, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the Line of Control with Pakistan.


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