Burrillville, Rhode Island

Burrillville is a town in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. The population was 15,955 at the 2010 census.

It was incorporated as an independent municipality on November 17, 1806 when the Rhode Island General Assembly authorized the residents of then North Glocester to elect its own officers. The town was named for 19th century United States senator James Burrill, Jr. who was then the Rhode Island Attorney General.[3]

Burrillville
The town office building
The town office building
Motto(s): 
"Embracing Our Past...Envisioning Our Future"
Location in Providence County and the state of Rhode Island.
Location in Providence County and the state of Rhode Island.
Coordinates: 41°58′6″N 71°40′59″W / 41.96833°N 71.68306°WCoordinates: 41°58′6″N 71°40′59″W / 41.96833°N 71.68306°W
CountryUnited States
StateRhode Island
CountyProvidence
Incorporated1806
Government
 • TypeCouncil/Manager
 • Town CouncilJohn F. Pacheco III (R)
Jeremy P. Bailey (D)
Donald A. Fox (R)
David J. Place (R)
Stephen N. Rawson (R)
John Anthony Scott (I)
Raymond J. Trinque (R)
Area
 • Total57.1 sq mi (148.0 km2)
 • Land55.6 sq mi (143.9 km2)
 • Water1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
Elevation
587 ft (179 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total15,955
 • Density287.0/sq mi (110.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
02826 (Glendale), 02830 (Harrisville), 02839 (Mapleville), 02858 (Oakland), 02859 (Pascoag)
Area code(s)401
FIPS code44-11800[1]
GNIS feature ID1220081[2]
WebsiteTown of Burrillville

History

Burrillville was probably first settled sometime around 1662, when the first Europeans began to settle the Nipmuc lands.[4] The Town was originally a part of Glocester, Rhode Island.[4] John Smith and members of the Saulsbury family were among the earliest settlers. Samuel Willard (physician) treated many smallpox victims in South Uxbridge and Glocester (Burrillville), and he had the scars to prove it.[4][5] In 1806, The Town of Burrillville became a separate town and consisted of 60 square miles (160 km2) of land in the northwest corner of Rhode Island, bordering Connecticut and Massachusetts.[4] Later Boundary disputes with Massachusetts and Glocester reduced this land area by the mid-19th century.[4] Joktan Putnam was the first Town moderator.[4] The Nipmuc word for snake was rendered "askug" by Roger Williams in his A Key Into the Language of America, and "askoog" by the Reverend John Eliot in his Algonquian translation of the Bible. Burrillville's principal village, Pascoag, named after the stream upon which it is located, probably derives from this Algonquian root. Gradually in the early-to-mid-19th century, the various mills and villages took shape such as Harris mills, and the village of Harrisville, Mapleville mills, Oakland mills etc.[4] Buck Hill was known for a colorful band of counterfeiters.[4] The town is today part of the Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor, New England's, historic National Park area.[6] Burrillville was home to many historic mills, many of which have either been burned, demolished, abandoned or renovated. The Stillwater Mill Complex in Harrisville is home to the Clocktower apartments, which used to be the old Tinkham textile mills (factual content requested). The site is also home to the recently built Jesse Smith Library.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 57.2 square miles (148.0 km²), of which, 55.6 square miles (143.9 km²) of it is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km²) of it (2.76%) is water. ~~ Until 1846 the Sherman Farm was owned by the family. It totaled over 1,100 acres (4.5 km2) and was once the largest fruit and dairy farm in the state. The farmhouse had 32 rooms.

Villages

Burrillville is further divided into villages: Glendale, Harrisville, Mapleville, Mohegan, Nasonville, Oakland, and Pascoag.

Climate

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18101,834
18202,16418.0%
18302,1961.5%
18401,982−9.7%
18503,53878.5%
18604,14017.0%
18704,67412.9%
18805,71422.3%
18905,492−3.9%
19006,31715.0%
19107,87824.7%
19208,69610.4%
19307,677−11.7%
19408,1856.6%
19508,7747.2%
19609,1193.9%
197010,08710.6%
198013,16430.5%
199016,23023.3%
200015,796−2.7%
201015,9551.0%
Est. 201516,303[8]2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[9][10]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 15,796 people, 5,559 households, and 4,252 families residing in the town. The population density was 284.3 people per square mile (109.8/km²). There were 5,821 housing units at an average density of 104.8 per square mile (40.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.56% White, 0.22% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population.

There were 5,559 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $52,587, and the median income for a family was $58,979. Males had a median income of $39,839 versus $28,835 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,096. About 3.7% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Burrillville town vote
by party in presidential elections
[11]
Year GOP DEM Others
2016 56.93% 4,139 35.19% 2,558 7.88% 573
2012 44.19% 3,044 53.22% 3,666 2.60% 179
2008 44.79% 3,160 52.87% 3,730 2.34% 165
2004 47.61% 3,024 50.45% 3,204 1.94% 123
2000 37.96% 2,228 54.70% 3,211 7.34% 431
1996 26.25% 1,420 54.90% 2,970 18.85% 1,020
1992 29.32% 1,880 38.27% 2,454 32.41% 2,078
1988 47.85% 2,479 51.75% 2,681 0.41% 21

In the Rhode Island Senate, Burrillville is a part of the 23rd District and is currently represented by Democrat Paul W. Fogarty. At the federal level in the U.S. House of Representatives, Burrillville is in Rhode Island's 2nd congressional district, which is currently represented by Democrat James R. Langevin.

In presidential elections, Burrillville has traditionally leaned Democratic; however, in 2016, Donald Trump became the first Republican to win the town in over three decades when he defeated former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton by approximately 22 points.

Burrillville was also one of seven towns in Rhode Island where independent candidate Ross Perot finished in second place during the 1992 presidential election. Perot received 2,018 votes (31.47 percent) behind Bill Clinton's 2,454 votes (38.27 percent) and ahead of George H. W. Bush's 1,880 (29.32 percent).

Notable people

National Historic Register sites

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "Burrillville History/James Burrill". Retrieved 2008-03-02.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Rhode Island Reading Room/History of Rhode Island/History of Burrilville with Illustrations". rootsweb. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
  5. ^ Backofen, Walter A (2001). Elias Frost, M.D., and his strategy for being remembered. p. 6. OCLC: 58438763.
  6. ^ "Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor/Valley sites-Glocester and Burrilville". National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2007-12-13. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
  7. ^ "Intellicast - Local and National Weather Forecast, Radar, Maps and Severe Report". www.intellicast.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on 2016-06-02. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  10. ^ Snow, Edwin M. (1867). Report upon the Census of Rhode Island 1865. Providence, RI: Providence Press Company.
  11. ^ http://www.elections.state.ri.us/elections/preresults/
  12. ^ "United States Navy Biography REAR ADMIRAL WALTER E. "TED" CARTER, JR. PRESIDENT U.S. NAVAL WAR COLLEGE". America’s Navy. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  13. ^ "LAPHAM, Oscar, (1837 - 1926)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 25, 2014.

Further reading

  • History of the State of Rhode Island with Illustrations, Albert J. Wright, Printer No. 79 Mille Street, corner of Federal, Boston. Hong, Wade & Co., Philadelphia 1878.

External links

Bridgeton School

The Bridgeton School is an historic school building located at 16 Laurel Hill Avenue in Burrillville, Rhode Island.

The 1-1/2 story wood frame school house was designed by George W. Spaulding and built in 1897 by Nehemiah Kimball & William H. Gory. It served the Burrillville public schools until 1966. In 1970 it was reopened for use as a kindergarten as the Joseph Sweeney School. It was finally closed in 1995, and was then transferred to the Burrillville Historical & Preservation Society. It is the best preserved of Burrillville's late 19th century school buildings.The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.

Chockalog River

The Chockalog River is a river in the U.S. states of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. It flows approximately 4 km (2 mi). Its name is said to mean "fox place".

Esten–Bowen House

The Esten–Bowen House is a historic house at 199 Iron Mine Road in Burrillville, Rhode Island. The 1 1/2 story timber frame Cape style house was built c. 1790 by John Esten, a major landowner in eastern Burrillville in the second half of the 18th century. The main block is five bays wide and two deep, with a massive central chimney. A kitchen ell to the right of the main block appears to be an early addition. The house was held in the Esten family until 1879, by which time its surrounding property had been reduced to just 30 acres (12 ha). This property was acquired by Esther Bowen in 1941 and the house was rehabilitated, with modest Colonial Revival alterations. The property includes a 19th-century shed, and foundational remnants of a blacksmithy and barn.The house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2011.

Glendale, Rhode Island

Glendale is a village in the town of Burrillville, Rhode Island, United States. It is located at 41°58′34″N 71°37′59″W. The United States Postal Service has assigned Glendale the ZIP Code 02826.

Harrisville, Rhode Island

Harrisville is a census-designated place (CDP) and village in the town of Burrillville in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. The population was 1,605 at the 2010 census. Much of the community composes a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The village was named after nineteenth century manufacturer, Andrew Harris. Previously, the village was named Rhodesville, after Captain William Rhodes, an eighteenth century privateer.

Mapleville, Rhode Island

Mapleville is a village in Burrillville, Providence County, Rhode Island, United States formerly home to various manufacturers in the 19th century. The village is home to a post office, fire station, churches, library, and various businesses.

Moses Taft House (Burrillville, Rhode Island)

The Moses Taft House is a historic house at 111 East Wallum Lake Road in Burrillville, Rhode Island. The ​1 1⁄2-story side-gable Cape style house was built in 1786, and is a well-preserved example of early Federal architecture. It exhibits the typical five-bay facade, with the entry in the center bay, and a large central chimney. The house underwent a major restoration in the 2000s. Moses Taft, an early owner of the house, was a farmer and operated a nearby grist mill on the Clear River, with Seth Ross, who

resided on Eagle Peak Road.Moses Taft, a 19th-century resident of Uxbridge, Massachusetts, spent time with Samuel W. Scott in Burrillville, but this house is not his namesake, it was built 26 years prior to his birth.The house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2009.

Nasonville, Rhode Island

Nasonville is a village in Burrillville, Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. It was home to various manufacturers in the 19th century.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Burrillville, Rhode Island

This is a list of Registered Historic Places in Burrillville, Rhode Island.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted June 14, 2019.

Nipmuc River

The Nipmuc River is a river in the U.S. state of Rhode Island. It flows 2.7 miles (4.3 km). There are no dams along the river's length. The river is named for the indigenous Nipmuc peoples.

Oakland, Rhode Island

Oakland is a village in Burrillville, Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. It was developed in the 19th century at the site of a stone mill (now surviving only in fragmentary ruins) near the confluence of the Chepachet and Clear Rivers. It is one of the few remaining stone mills in this state. Most of the village is included in the Oakland Historic District, a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Most of the housing in the village was originally built to house mill workers, although there are several more elaborate houses built for mill executives.Students living in Oakland attend Burrillville Middle and High School. Oakland is a small, yet beautiful community hidden in the top left corner of Rhode Island. Oakland offers many woodland areas and rivers. The small town relies on volunteer firefighters. Each day a town whistle sounds from the Oakland-Mapleville Fire Department at five-o'clock pm, as well as each time fire personnel is in need. Many historic mills are scattered throughout the town, as well as mill-style neighborhoods.

Oscar Lapham

Oscar Lapham (June 29, 1837 – March 29, 1926) was an American lawyer and politician from the U.S. state of Rhode Island. He served as a member of the Rhode Island Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

Pascoag, Rhode Island

Pascoag is a census-designated place (CDP) and village in Providence County, Rhode Island. The population was 4,577 at the 2010 census. Pascoag is one of eight villages that make up the town of Burrillville.

Pascoag Grammar School

The Pascoag Grammar School, also previously the Burrillville High School, is a historic school building at 265 Sayles Avenue in the Pascoag village of Burrillville, Rhode Island. The Colonial Revival school was built in 1917 by Thomas McLaughlin and Mahoney & Coffey to replace a previous school that had burned. There had been a school on the site since at least the mid-19th century. The school is a T-shaped brick structure 2-1/2 stories high. It has fifteen bays across its main facade, with a raised center entrance. When built it first served as the town's high school. In 1936 a new high school building was built, and this one the served strictly as an elementary school until it was closed in 1995. It sat vacant until 2005, when it was acquired by a developer and rehabilitated.The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2006. In 2007, it was converted into condominiums.

Providence County, Rhode Island

Providence County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of Rhode Island. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 626,667, or 59.5% of the state's population. Providence County contains the city of Providence, the state capital of Rhode Island and the county's (and state's) most populous city, with an estimated 179,219 residents in 2016. Providence County is included in the Providence-Warwick, RI-MA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which in turn constitutes a portion of the greater Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area. In 2010, the center of population of Rhode Island was located in Providence County, in the city of Cranston.

Rhode Island Route 100

Route 100 is a numbered state highway running 9.3 miles (15.0 km) in Rhode Island.

Rhode Island Route 107

Route 107 is a numbered State Highway running 3.9 miles (6.3 km) in Rhode Island, United States. The route serves the town of Burrillville and connects Route 100 with Route 102.

Wallum Lake

Wallum Lake is a 322-acre (1.30 km2) lake that lies in Burrillville, Providence County, Rhode Island and Douglas, Worcester County, Massachusetts. It is adjacent to Douglas State Forest and Wallum Lake Park.

There are two paved boat ramps: one at the north end off Wallum Lake Road, Douglas, Massachusetts, the second at the southern extreme in Burrillville, Rhode Island. A study reported ten species of fish, based upon a 1994 summer sampling. Largemouth bass, yellow perch and bluegills are common. Additional species present included pumpkinseed, chain pickerel, landlocked alewife, brood salmon and eels. Licenses from either state are valid, but Rhode Island regulations apply.Wallum Lake has been stocked with rainbow trout and brown trout. Rainbow trout are stocked on a put-and-take basis, and the state of Rhode Island has stocked numerous landlocked salmon and occasionally broodstock salmon.

Walter E. Carter Jr.

Walter Edward Carter Jr. is a United States Navy Vice Admiral and Naval Flight Officer. He is the 62nd Superintendent of the United States Naval Academy. Carter previously served as the 54th President of the U.S. Naval War College.

Climate data for Burrillville, Rhode Island
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
(19)
68
(20)
88
(31)
94
(34)
93
(34)
94
(34)
97
(36)
97
(36)
94
(34)
84
(29)
78
(26)
75
(24)
97
(36)
Average high °F (°C) 35
(2)
38
(3)
47
(8)
58
(14)
69
(21)
76
(24)
81
(27)
79
(26)
72
(22)
61
(16)
50
(10)
39
(4)
59
(15)
Average low °F (°C) 16
(−9)
19
(−7)
27
(−3)
36
(2)
46
(8)
55
(13)
60
(16)
59
(15)
51
(11)
39
(4)
32
(0)
22
(−6)
39
(4)
Record low °F (°C) −13
(−25)
−11
(−24)
−1
(−18)
14
(−10)
27
(−3)
38
(3)
42
(6)
39
(4)
31
(−1)
21
(−6)
4
(−16)
−15
(−26)
−15
(−26)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.97
(126)
4.00
(102)
5.09
(129)
4.49
(114)
4.00
(102)
4.04
(103)
3.84
(98)
4.51
(115)
3.99
(101)
4.61
(117)
4.97
(126)
4.66
(118)
53.17
(1,351)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 11.5
(29)
10
(25)
2.1
(5.3)
0.9
(2.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
2
(5.1)
10.7
(27)
37.4
(94.21)
Source: [7]
Places adjacent to Burrillville, Rhode Island
Municipalities and communities of Providence County, Rhode Island, United States
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