Burma Gallantry Medal

The Burma Gallantry Medal (BGM) was a military decoration awarded to non-commissioned Officers and other ranks of the British Burma military, Frontier Force and military police for acts of personal bravery in war or peace.[1] Established by royal warrant in 1940,[2] it was first awarded 26 March 1942 and last awarded 28 November 1947.[3]

Burma Gallantry Medal
Burma Gallantry Medal ribbon
Ribbon bar of the medal
Awarded by the Governor General of Burma
CountryBritish Burma
TypeGallantry decoration
EligibilityNon-Commissioned Officers and other ranks of the Burma Army, the Burma Frontier Force, the Burma Military Police, the Burma Volunteer Air Force and Petty Officers and ratings of the Burma Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve.
Awarded forActs of conspicuous gallantry performed in connection with assigned duties
Campaign(s)World War II
StatusNo longer awarded
Post-nominalsBGM
Statistics
Established10 May 1940
First awarded26 March 1942
Last awarded28 November 1947

Appearance

The medal 36 mm in diameter, is round and made of silver. The obverse bears the crowned effigy of King George VI facing left with the inscription around the edge GEORGIVS VI D:G:BR:OMN:REX ET INDIAE:IMP. The reverse bears a laurel wreath and the inscription "Burma" and "For Gallantry". The medal is suspended from a dark green ribbon with a crimson central stripe.[2]

References

  1. ^ "Recommendations for Honours and Awards 1935 - 1990". nationalarchives.gov.uk. The National Archives. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Royal Warrant for the Burma Gallantry Medal" (PDF). The Edinburgh Gazette. September 7, 1945. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  3. ^ "Dates for the Introduction of Medals as shown by the Royal Warrants Published in the London Gazette". The London Gazette. Retrieved 30 October 2011.

External links

List of military awards and decorations of World War II

Military awards of World War II were presented by most of the combatants.

The following is from the article World War II, removed from that article for clarity, and represents an incomplete list of some of the awards.

Military awards and decorations of the United Kingdom

The British Armed Forces recognises service and personal accomplishments of individuals while a member of the Royal Navy, British Army or Royal Air Force with the awarding of various awards and decorations.

Together with rank and qualification badges, such awards are a means to outwardly display the highlights of a serviceperson's career.

Rom Bahadur Thapa

Rom Bahadur Thapa is the first Inspector General of Nepal Police from the Magar ethnic group. Before joining the Nepal Police, he had been a Physical Training Instructor at the Military Academy in Burma (Myanmar). He had a reputation as a great war hero (of Burma) before joining Nepal Police. He was awarded the Burma Gallantry Medal for his heroic actions during World War II. He is known to have been one of the only two officers to remain IGP for a period of 6 years, the other officer being his successor, Khadgajeet Baral. Rom Bahadur Thapa was appointed Consul General of Calcutta, India by His Majesty's Government after his retirement

from Nepal Police.

Nepal lost this extraordinary visionary man to cancer at a young age of 59 on 26 October 1983. He is survived by his wife, four sons, a daughter, twelve grandchildren and three great grandsons and one great granddaughter.

Sam Manekshaw

Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw, (3 April 1914 – 27 June 2008), popularly known as Sam Bahadur ("Sam the Brave"), was the Chief of the Army Staff of the Indian Army during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, and the first Indian Army officer to be promoted to the rank of field marshal. His military career spanned four decades and five wars, beginning with service in the British Indian Army in World War II.

Manekshaw joined the first intake of the Indian Military Academy, Dehradun in 1932. He was commissioned into the 4th Battalion, 12th Frontier Force Regiment. In World War II, he was awarded the Military Cross for gallantry. Following the partition of India in 1947, he was reassigned to the 8th Gorkha Rifles. Manekshaw was seconded to a planning role during the 1947 Indo-Pakistani War and the Hyderabad crisis, and as a result, he never commanded an infantry battalion. He was promoted to the rank of brigadier while serving at the Military Operations Directorate. He became commander of 167 Infantry Brigade in 1952 and served in this position until 1954 when he took over as the Director of Military Training at Army Headquarters.

After completing the higher command course at the Imperial Defence College, he was appointed General Officer Commanding of the 26th Infantry Division. He also served as the commandant of the Defence Services Staff College. In 1961, Manekshaw made derogatory comments about the political leadership which allowed his opponents to label him as unpatriotic, and he was charged with sedition. After being exonerated in the subsequent court of inquiry, he took command of IV Corps in November 1962. The next year, Manekshaw was promoted to the position of army commander and took over Western Command, transferring in 1964 to the Eastern Command.

Having already commanded troops at division, corps and regional levels, Manekshaw became the eighth chief of the army staff in 1969. Under his command, Indian forces conducted victorious campaigns against Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, which led to the creation of Bangladesh in December 1971. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan, the second and third highest civilian awards of India. In January 1973, Manekshaw was conferred with the rank of Field Marshal, the first army officer of independent India to be so honoured.

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