Burlington is a city in Alamance and Guilford counties in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It is the principal city of the Burlington, North Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Alamance County, in which most of the city is located, and is a part of the Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point CSA. The population was 50,042 at the 2010 census, which makes Burlington the 17th largest city in North Carolina. The Metropolitan Statistical Area population was over 150,000 in 2010.
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Location of Burlington within North Carolina
Location of Burlington within North Carolina
Burlington (the United States)
|Founded||1857 (Company Shops)|
|Incorporated||February 14, 1893|
|• Mayor||Ian Baltutis|
|• City||25.4 sq mi (65.7 km2)|
|• Land||25.2 sq mi (65.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2) 0.82%|
|• Urban||40 sq mi (103 km2)|
|Elevation||633 ft (193 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,000/sq mi (760/km2)|
|• Metro density||356/sq mi (137.6/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
27215, 27216, 27217
|GNIS feature ID||0982279|
Alamance County was created when Orange County was partitioned in 1849. Early settlers included several groups of Quakers, many of which remain active in the Snow Camp area, German farmers, and Scots-Irish immigrants.
The need of the North Carolina Railroad in the 1850s to locate land where they could build, repair and do maintenance on its track was the genesis of Burlington, North Carolina. The company selected a piece of land slightly west of present-day Graham. On January 29, 1856, the last spikes were driven into the final tie of the North Carolina Railroad project, uniting the cities of Goldsboro and Charlotte by rail. The next day, the first locomotive passed along the new route. When the iron horse arrived in Alamance County, locals referred to it as "the eighth wonder of the world".
Not long after this historic opening, the railroad realized a pressing need for repair shops. With Alamance County's position along the new line, it became the logical choice for the shops' location. After several debates concerning where the shops would be located, Gen. Benjamin Trollinger, a progressive Alamance County manufacturer, made an offer that settled the matter. Gen. Trollinger owned land just northwest of Graham, and he convinced several other prominent citizens owning adjacent lots to join him and sell their property to the railroad. By 1859, construction of the shops began. Seemingly overnight, a town was born. A church, bank, hotel and restaurant sprang up. "Company Shops", as the town became known, was also chosen as the railroad's headquarters. By the time the shops were completed, the village had grown to twenty-seven buildings. Thirty-nine white men, twenty Negro slaves and two free Negroes were employed in or around the shops. Sale of town lots soon started, but not surprisingly, the sale of lots was slow until after the Civil War. By 1864, Company Shops numbered about 300 persons.
After twenty-five years of operations, the shops closed along with most of the area's railroad facilities. In 1886, the North Carolina Railroad Company transferred its operations to Spencer, North Carolina. The railroad offices and shops at Company Shops were closed. With the railroad shops no longer operated there, the citizens of Company Shops decided a new name was needed. Company Shops was reborn as Burlington on February 14, 1893. The city of Burlington was incorporated, and a charter was issued by the State Legislature.
Around the turn of the century, E.M. Holt established small textile operations along the Haw River and Great Alamance Creek. In 1908, E.M. Holt built the first cotton mill in the South. From the establishment of this single factory, Alamance County grew to eventually operate 30 cotton mills and 10 to 15 yarn manufacturing plants employing 15,000 people. Eventually, the early textile venture of E.M. Holt became known all over the world as Burlington Industries, and is now headquartered in nearby Greensboro. Throughout this period, Burlington became a prosperous and vibrant little city filled with schools, churches, newspapers, telegraph and telephone lines, roads and a streetcar line—all in keeping with the latest "modern progress" of the times.
Though textiles continued to dominate the local economy well into the 1970s, the people of Burlington knew they could not survive with only one industry. The country's involvement in World War II brought important local economic changes. In 1942, the federal government purchased and leased a 22-acre (8.9 ha) site to Fairchild Aircraft Corporation for the construction of test aircraft. After two years of production, the site was leased to Firestone Tire Company for the Army's tank rebuilding program. At the close of the war, the federal government chose not to leave, buto utilize the property for government contract business. This decision would bring Western Electric to town along with new employees from around the country. Their contracts ensured Burlington's participation during the Cold War manufacturing and testing of emerging defense technologies. Four decades later (1991), however, the doors to Western Electric (then Lucent Technologies) were locked, and another chapter of Burlington’s history was over.
During this century-and-a-half of economic change, Burlington grew, adapted and prospered. Originally the center of commerce for Company Shops, the downtown area still serves as the heart of today's community with financial services, government services, an expanded library, small shops, eateries and a restored theater. Downtown has also returned to its status as a major employment center, becoming the home to Laboratory Corporation of America, one of the world's largest biomedical testing firms and Burlington/Alamance County's largest employer.
The Alamance Hotel, Allen House, Atlantic Bank and Trust Company Building, Beverly Hills Historic District, Downtown Burlington Historic District, East Davis Street Historic District, Efird Building, First Baptist Church, First Christian Church of Burlington, Polly Fogleman House, Holt-Frost House, Horner Houses, Lakeside Mills Historic District, McCray School, Menagerie Carousel, Moore-Holt-White House, South Broad-East Fifth Streets Historic District, Southern Railway Passenger Station, St. Athanasius Episcopal Church and Parish House and the Church of the Holy Comforter, Stagg House, Sunny Side, US Post Office, West Davis Street-Fountain Place Historic District, and Windsor Cotton Mills Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Burlington is located at (36.089636, -79.445578).
Located in the Piedmont region of North Carolina, Burlington is characterized as having mostly flat land with a few rolling hills.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.4 square miles (65.7 km2), of which 25.2 square miles (65.2 km2) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.5 km2), or 0.82%, is water.
The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Burlington has a Humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|Climate data for Burlington, North Carolina|
|Average high °F (°C)||53
|Average low °F (°C)||33
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.7
|Source: Weatherbase |
There are a variety of parks that can be found in Burlington, including Joe Davidson Park and the Burlington City Park. Upon visiting these parks one can find a variety of things for various activities, such as baseball fields, basketball courts, soccer fields, playgrounds, disc golf and tennis courts.
The Alamance County Recreation and Parks Commission is composed of seven citizen volunteers and one representative from both the Alamance-Burlington Board of Education and the Alamance County Board of Commissioners. ACRPD Mission Statement: The Alamance County Recreation and Parks Department will provide parks, trails and programs that inspire visitors and welcome all participants.
The Alamance County Recreation and Parks Department manages parks and community centers at the following locations:
Alamance County offers many hiking and paddle opportunities including the Haw River Trail and the NC Mountains-to-Sea Trail. The Alamance County Recreation and Parks Department manages accesses to the Haw River Paddle and Hiking Trail at the following locations:
The Burlington Royals, a rookie-level farm team of Major League Baseball's Kansas City Royals, have played in Burlington since 2007. The team is based at Burlington Athletic Stadium. Prior to 2007 the team was known as the Burlington Indians, functioning as a farm team of the Cleveland Indians since 1985.
The city of Burlington also operates the nearby Indian Valley Municipal Golf Course.
The flagship of the Burlington Parks System, City Park offers more than 75 acres of activities for the entire family. It serves as the home of an amusement area consisting of a carousel, miniature train, boat and car ride, playground, amphitheater, baseball field, picnic shelters, and walking trails. A fully restored Dentzel Carousel is the highlight of the amusement area. As part of the National Historical Register, the carousel attracts thousands of visitors yearly. The Burlington Carousel Festival, is held each September in the park. Throughout the spring and summer the park comes alive with an Easter egg hunt, a concert series, and baseball and softball tournaments. The park is located one mile from Downtown Burlington on South Church Street.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 49,963 people, 20,632 households, and 12,679 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,967.0 people per square mile (760.5/km²). There were 23,414 housing units at an average density of 921.8 per square mile (356.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 57.6% White, 28% African American, 0.7% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 9.2% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16% of the population.
There were 20,632 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.9% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% were non-families. 33% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city, the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 20, 6.5% from 20 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The average age was 38.3 years.
The median income for a household in the city was $42,097, and the median income for a family was $49,797. The per capita income for the city was $23,465. About 15.9% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.9% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.
The local school system is known as the Alamance-Burlington School System, which was created by a merger between the Alamance County School System and the Burlington City School System in 1996.
Amtrak's Carolinian and Piedmont trains connect Burlington with New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Richmond, Raleigh and Charlotte. The Amtrak station is situated at 101 North Main Street.
Burlington opened its first public transit service, Link Transit, on June 6, 2016. As of September 21, 2017, more than 100,000 people have used the service. In addition, transportation services are available to its residents through the Alamance County Transportation Authority. Locals can also ride the BioBus from nearby Elon University.
Burlington is about 35 miles from the Piedmont Triad International Airport in Greensboro and about 48 miles from Raleigh-Durham International Airport in Morrisville. In addition Burlington is served by both Interstate 40 and Interstate 85.
The city's only indoor mall, Holly Hill Mall is located at the intersection of Huffman Mill Road and Church Street (US 70). An outdoor mall, Alamance Crossing, opened in 2007 at Interstate 40/85 and University Drive. Most shopping, restaurants and services can be found on Huffman Mill Road and Church Street (US 70). Just off I-85/40 at Exit 145 is North Carolina's original outlet mall, Burlington Outlet Village(formerly BMOC).
Burlington is known to have the most restaurants per capita in the state of North Carolina. In 2011 Burlington was ranked 29th overall in cities with the best Restaurant Growth Index (RGI) with an RGI score of 167. Burlington has 322 plus restaurants located throughout the city; popular ones include Zack's Hotdogs, Biscuitville, Harrison's, Blue Ribbon Diner, Mike's Deli, Prego's, Shaks Grill , The Village Grill, Grill Worx, Apollo's, Da Vinci's Table, Grill 584, La Fiesta, Sal's, Boston Sandwich Shop, Danny's Cafe, Pano's Cafe, Taaza Indian Bistro, Stavros Grill, Vesuvio's Pizzeria, The Tuscany Grille, The Cutting Board, Maria's Cafe, Victoria's Pizza, Skid's, Piedmont Ale House, The Park, Little Italy, and Mykonos Grill.
Alamance County (listen) is a county in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 151,131. Its county seat is Graham. Formed in 1849 from Orange County to the east, Alamance County has been the site of significant historical events, textile manufacturing, and agriculture.
Alamance County comprises the Burlington Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point Combined Statistical Area. The 2012 estimated population of the metropolitan area was 153,920.Alamance Crossing
Alamance Crossing is a lifestyle center (outdoor shopping mall) in Burlington, North Carolina, United States. Opened in 2007, it is the second shopping mall in the city, as well as the larger. Alamance Crossing comprises more than seventy tenants, including eight major anchor stores: Belk, Dillard's, JCPenney, Barnes & Noble, Hobby Lobby, Kohl's, Dick's Sporting Goods and BJ's Wholesale Club. It was developed by CBL & Associates Properties, who also manages it.Andrew Everett
Andrew Everett Wenkel (born July 9, 1992) better known by the ring name Andrew Everett, is an American professional wrestler best known for his time in Impact Wrestling, where he was a former Impact World Tag Team Champion. He's also wrestling for several independent promotions, including Pro Wrestling Guerrilla (PWG).Billy Bryan
Billy Bryan (born June 21, 1955 in Burlington, North Carolina) is a former American football center in the National Football League. He was drafted by the Denver Broncos in the 4th round of the 1977 NFL Draft out of Duke University. He went on to play for the Broncos from 1977–1988 and was All-Pro in 1985.Burlington Rangers
The Burlington Rangers were a Carolina League affiliate of the Texas Rangers that played until the 1972 season in Burlington, North Carolina. From 1965 to 1971 the team was known as the Burlington Senators; from 1958 to 1964 it was known as the Alamance or Burlington Indians; from 1952 to 1955 it was named the Burlington-Graham (Bur-Gra) Pirates; and from its founding in 1945 until 1951 it was known as the Burlington Bees. Today, the Burlington Franchise is in the Appalachian League as the Burlington Royals, having began play in that league in 1986.Burlington Royals
The Burlington Royals are a minor league baseball team in Burlington, North Carolina, United States. They are a Rookie-level team in the Appalachian League and have been a farm team of the Kansas City Royals since September 1, 2006. For the previous 21 years, the team had been affiliated with the Cleveland Indians as the Burlington Indians. The Royals play home games at Burlington Athletic Stadium. Opened in 1960, Burlington Athletic Stadium seats 3,500 fans.Staff:
Pitching Coach: Carlos Martinez.
Hitting Coach: Jesus Azuaje.
Strength and Conditioning Coach: Jon Ervin.
Athletic Trainer: Saburo Hagihara.
Bench Coach: Kevin Kuntz.
Major League Baseball alumni of note are featured on the wall inside the men's restroom at the Burlington Athletic Stadium in the form of painted jerseys: Manny Ramirez (#22), Jim Thome (#25), Bartolo Colón (#40) and CC Sabathia (#52).Burlington station (North Carolina)
Burlington is a train station in Burlington, North Carolina. It is served by Amtrak, the United States' passenger rail system, and hosts two Amtrak trains, the Carolinian and Piedmont. The street address is 101 North Main Street, and is located in the heart of downtown Burlington.Don Kernodle
Charles Donald "Don" Kernodle Jr. (born May 2, 1950) is a former American professional wrestler with the National Wrestling Alliance's Jim Crockett Promotions.Geoff Crompton
Jeffrey Crompton, often stylized as "Geoff" or "Geff" (July 4, 1955 – January 7, 2002), was an American professional basketball player.
A 6'11 Parade All-American center from Walter M. Williams High School in Burlington, North Carolina, Crompton attended the University of North Carolina to play for future Hall of Fame coach Dean Smith in 1973. Crompton played very sparingly for the Tar Heels, appearing in a total of 9 games from 1973–1977 due to academic and weight issues. He played 27 games as a senior in 1977–78, averaging 3.5 points and 3.3 rebounds per game.
Following his collegiate career, Crompton was drafted in the fourth round of the 1978 NBA draft by the Kansas City Kings, and his rights were traded to the Denver Nuggets prior to the start of the season. The next several years saw Crompton bouncing between the NBA and the Continental Basketball Association (CBA). The highlight of his career may have been being named CBA Most Valuable Player in 1984 as a member of the Puerto Rico Coquis. The Cleveland Cavaliers called him up at the end of that season, which would be his last in the NBA.
After his professional career ended, Crompton moved to Tallahassee, Florida and managed a restaurant. He worked for many years at UNC's summer basketball camps up until his death. Geoff Crompton died on January 7, 2002 of leukemia.Crompton's first name is generally spelled "Geff" in UNC records, but is often spelled "Geoff" in records of his NBA career.Gwyn Staley
Gwyn Edward Staley (July 6, 1927 – March 23, 1958) was an American NASCAR Grand National driver from Burlington, North Carolina.Harold Covington
Harold Armstead Covington (September 14, 1953 – July 14, 2018) was an American neo-Nazi activist and writer. Covington advocated the creation of an "Aryan homeland" in the Pacific Northwest (known as the Northwest Territorial Imperative), and was the founder of the Northwest Front, a website which promotes white separatism.Jim Donnan
James Mason Donnan III (born January 29, 1945) is a former American football player and coach and now a television analyst for college football and a motivational speaker. He served as the head football coach at Marshall University (1990–1995) and the University of Georgia (1996–2000), compiling a career record of 104–40. His 1992 Marshall team won an NCAA Division I-AA national title. Donnan was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 2009.Maury Laws
Maury Laws (born December 6, 1923 in Burlington, North Carolina) is an American television and film composer.
In his teens, Laws performed in local country, jazz and dance bands as a singer and guitarist in his home state of North Carolina. His career was put on hold during World War II, in which he served in the Army.
In 1964, he was hired as music director for the television production company Videocraft International (now known as Rankin/Bass), a post which he held for roughly 20 years. In this capacity, he conducted and scored music for a number of animated features, including The Hobbit, Jack Frost, The Flight of Dragons, The Daydreamer, The Wacky World of Mother Goose, Santa Claus Is Comin' To Town, and Frosty the Snowman. His most widely known work may be an adaptation of Johnny Marks' score for the well-known Christmas special Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer, first aired in 1964. Laws has also done composing work on a 1967 Rankin/Bass theatrical feature, the Halloween-themed Mad Monster Party.
Maury Laws resides in Appleton, Wisconsin. He is active in the arts in Wisconsin.Skip Seagraves
Skip Seagreaves (born April 27, 1982) is a former Canadian football offensive tackle for the Montreal Alouettes of the Canadian Football League. He was signed by the Alouettes as an undrafted free agent in 2006. He played college football at North Carolina.
Skip Seagraves currently resides in Richmond, VA but spends most of his time in Burlington, NC (Alamance County) where he is regarded as not only a local hero, but a successful hometown boy. Skip is in uniform sales and likes to golf in his free time with his best friend Matt Tedder. Skip is also available for appearances and guest speaking events.Stephen M. Ross (politician)
Stephen Miles Ross (born 1951) is an American politician. He was elected to the North Carolina House of Representatives in 2012. A Republican, he serves the 63rd district. He has also served as mayor of Burlington, North Carolina.Tequan Richmond
Tequan Richmond (Tuh-kwon; born October 30, 1992), also known in his music career as T-Rich, is an American actor and rapper. Tequan is best known for his character, Drew Rock, on the UPN/CW sitcom Everybody Hates Chris. Richmond played Ray Charles, Jr. (son of singer/musician Ray Charles) in the motion picture Ray. Since 2012, he has portrayed TJ Ashford on the ABC soap opera General Hospital.Times-News (Burlington, North Carolina)
The Times-News is a daily newspaper based in Burlington, North Carolina formed in 1931 by the merger of the Burlington Daily Times and The Burlington News.United States Post Office (Burlington, North Carolina)
The former US Post Office, also known as the US Post Office/Federal Building, is an historic red brick post office building located at 430 South Spring Street in downtown Burlington, North Carolina. Built in 1936, it was designed in a mixture of the Classical Revival and Moderne or Art Deco styles by architect R. Stanley Brown who worked under Louis A. Simon, head of the Office of the Supervising Architect.In the building's lobby are two wall murals by WPA artist Arthur L. Bairnsfather, which commemorate Burlington's history as a textile manufacturing center.Since November 3, 1987, the building has been owned by Roche Biomedical Laboratories, Inc., a subsidiary of Hoffmann-La Roche, Inc.On September 23, 1988, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places. It is located in the Downtown Burlington Historic District.Will Richardson (American football)
Will Richardson (born January 4, 1996) is an American football offensive tackle for the Jacksonville Jaguars of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football for North Carolina State.