"Where Technology Goes To Work"
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
|• Type||Representative town meeting|
|• Total||11.9 sq mi (30.8 km2)|
|• Land||11.8 sq mi (30.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||218 ft (66 m)|
|• Density||2,100/sq mi (800/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
|Area code(s)||339 / 781 / 617|
|GNIS feature ID||0618219|
|Website||Town of Burlington, Massachusetts|
It is believed that Burlington takes its name from the English town of Bridlington, Yorkshire, but this has never been confirmed.[n 1] It was first settled in 1641, and was officially incorporated on February 28, 1799; several of the early homesteads are still standing, such as the Francis Wyman House, dating from 1666. The town is sited on the watersheds of the Ipswich, Mystic, and Shawsheen rivers. In colonial times up through the late 19th century, there was industry in the mills along Vine Brook, which runs from Lexington to Bedford and then empties into the Shawsheen River.
Burlington is now a suburban industrial town at the junction of the Boston-Merrimack corridor, but for most of its history it was almost entirely agricultural, selling hops and rye to Boston and supplementing that income with small shoe-making shops. Early railroad expansion passed the town by (although the town was serviced by the Middlesex Turnpike), limiting its early development, and Burlington continued to cure hams for the Boston market and produce milk, fruit, and vegetables.
This picture changed drastically, however, as soon as Route 128 was built. The highway kicked off an enormous expansion, and between 1955 and 1965 Burlington was the fastest growing town in the state. In one five-year period, its population tripled as residential and commercial retail development exploded creating the town's present character. It is currently a residential and professional hub.
Located in the Greater Boston Area of eastern Massachusetts, Burlington is bordered by Bedford on the west, Billerica on the north, Wilmington on the northeast, Woburn on the southeast, and Lexington on the south. Burlington is 12 miles (19 km) south of Lowell, 12 miles (19 km) northwest of Boston, 36 miles (58 km) southeast of Fitchburg, and 224 miles (360 km) from New York City. Its highest point is Greenleaf Mountain (290 feet (88 m) above sea level), and lowest point is the Great Meadow 150 feet (46 m) above sea level. The elevation at Town Hall is 220 feet (67 m) above sea level. The largest body of water is the 500-million-US-gallon (1,900,000 m3) Mill Pond Reservoir in the eastern part of the town.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 11.9 square miles (31 km2), of which 11.8 square miles (31 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 0.59%, is water. There are different area codes in Burlington: 781, 617 and 339.
|* = population estimate. |
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
As of the census of 2010, there were 24,498 people, 9,668 households, and 6,374 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,936.4 people per square mile (747.9/km²). There were 8,445 housing units at an average density of 2,087.7 per square mile (276.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 79.2% White, 3.3% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 13.4% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.
There were 8,289 households out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.2% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.1% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the town, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males.
In 2014, the median household income of the town stood at $95,465. The per capita income was $41,849 and 4.7% of the population lived below the poverty line. According to an earlier estimate from 2007, the median income for a household in the town was $86,052, and the median income for a family was $99,123. Males had a median income of $55,635 versus $36,486 for females. About 1.3% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 1.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2014, 19.5% of the residents of Burlington were born outside of the United States.
Burlington Cable Access Television (BCAT) is a non-profit Public-access television cable TV facility that was formed in 1987. BCAT operates three: Public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable TV channels. Town meetings and events can also be seen on demand on BCAT's website.
The Burlington Police Department (BPD) has the primary responsibility for law enforcement and investigation in the town of Burlington. Chief Michael Kent is the current Chief of Police for Burlington. The Burlington Police Department has 64 sworn officers. There are several Divisions within the BPD, including Patrol, Detectives, Domestic Violence, Traffic, Community Service, School Resource, Crime Analysis, Records, K9, and the Bike Unit. The Burlington Police Department is also one of 54 law enforcement agencies that comprise the North Eastern Massachusetts Law Enforcement Council (NEMLEC). The Burlington Police Department is located at 45 Center Street in Burlington.
Route 128/ I-95 and Route 3 traverse through Burlington and motor vehicle laws are enforced primarily by the Massachusetts State Police on these roadways.
The Burlington Fire Department has a force of 41 Firefighters and 16 Officers whom are commanded by Chief Steve Yetman. 3 engines, 1 tower, and 2 BLS rescue/ambulance respond from 2 fire stations and average over 3,200 runs annually. Burlington also operates a hazardous materials/cascade unit and a brush unit. The Burlington Fire Department Headquarters is located at 21 Center Street in Burlington. The Burlington Fire Department Station Two is located at 114 Terrace Hall Avenue in Burlington.
Burlington has six public schools (four elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school) which comprise the Burlington Public School District. The elementary schools are Fox Hill, Francis Wyman, Memorial, and Pine Glen. The middle school is Marshall Simonds, and one of the town parks is named after Marshall Simonds. The high school is Burlington High School. Burlington is also served by the Shawsheen Valley Technical High School. In addition it is home to several private schools.
Burlington is also the home to a campus of Northeastern University.
Routes 128 (I-95), 3, 3A and 62 pass through Burlington. MBTA Bus routes 350, 351, 352 and 354 operated by the MBTA run through the town, as do Lowell Regional Transit Authority, Lexpress (Lexington), and B-Line (Burlington) buses. The closest MBTA 'T' subway stations are Alewife, Cambridge, 9 miles (14 km) to the south-east (the station has a large parking garage) and Wellington Station, Medford, on the Orange Line, roughly 10 miles (16 km) to the east (also has large parking garage). MBTA Commuter Rail and Logan Express services are available at the Anderson Regional Transportation Center in neighboring Woburn, about 3 miles (4.8 km) to the east.
Burlington High School is located at 123 Cambridge Street in Burlington, Massachusetts. Burlington High School is a four-year comprehensive high school that is credited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges.Burlington High School Mission Statement is to prepare students for lifelong learning and responsible citizenship by offering a challenging, relevant curriculum and varied activities in a safe environment. Burlington High was one of 30 schools in the state of Massachusetts named to the AP Honor Roll by the College Board in 2011 for simultaneously increasing access to Advanced Placement coursework while maintaining or increasing the percentage of students earning scores of 3 or higher on AP exams.Burlington High School is ranked #39 in the recently released 2015 Boston Magazine rankings This is up from their ranking of #67 in 2014. According to Boston Magazine, these rankings are based heavily on MCAS scores and schools are not contacted annually for updated data.Burlington Mall (Massachusetts)
Burlington Mall is a shopping mall in Burlington, Massachusetts. It was opened in 1968, and most recently expanded in 2006–08, bringing the property to 1,313,125 square feet (121,993 m2) of gross leasable area and 176 tenants. It is currently managed by Simon Property Group.
As of 2019, the mall is anchored by department stores Lord & Taylor, Macy's, Nordstrom, and fast fashion retailer Primark. Previous anchors include department stores Filene's, Jordan Marsh, and Sears.Cherrybrook Kitchen
Cherrybrook Kitchen is a privately held company producing baking products for the food allergy market. The company was founded in 2004 by Patsy Rosenberg and is headquartered in Burlington, Massachusetts. The company was acquired by Cell-nique in 2011.Cherrybrook Kitchen was founded in response to the growing number of children and adults diagnosed with food allergies. 11 million adults and children are affected by peanut, dairy, egg and nut allergens, while approximately one in 133 Americans suffers from Celiac Disease.
Cherrybrook Kitchen offers two lines of gourmet baking mixes: Original and Gluten Free. The Original Line includes all-natural gourmet baking mixes that are free of peanuts, dairy, eggs and nuts; the gluten free line, introduced in 2005 as Gluten Free Dreams, is made with rice flour and is free of gluten and wheat in addition to peanuts, dairy, eggs and nuts. .In 2009, the firm announced a new partnership with Arthur, the award-winning book series and PBS program.The firm received a 2008 Kids Food Award from Kiwi Magazine and was recently named one of Parents Magazine's "Best Snacks for Kids with Food Allergies."Flexion Therapeutics
Flexion Therapeutics is an American biopharmaceutical company based in Burlington, Massachusetts that is developing sustained release versions of existing drugs that are intended to be injected into the joint to treat osteoarthritis.It was founded around 2007 by two former Eli Lilly & Co. executives and went public in 2014.In November 2016 the FDA accepted Flexion's New Drug Application for FX006, a sustained-release formulation of triamcinolone acetonide (a corticosteroid), branded "Zilretta". In March 2017 FiercePharma reported that Flexion was in discussions with Sanofi about a possible acquisition, valued at the time at around $1 billion.Flexion had been developing FX007, a selective small-molecule TrkA inhibitor that it had licensed from AstraZeneca, for osteoarthritis. As of March 2017 Flexion had terminated development. Flexion had also terminated development of FX005, a P38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor, by that time.Kitty Carruthers
Caitlin A. "Kitty" Carruthers (born May 30, 1961) is a former American pair skater. With her adopted brother, Peter Carruthers, Carruthers is the 1984 Olympic Silver medalist, the 1982 World Bronze medalist, and a four-time (1981-1984) United States National champion.Morgan Kaufmann Publishers
Morgan Kaufmann Publishers is a Burlington, Massachusetts (San Francisco, California until 2008) based publisher specializing in computer science and engineering content.
Since 1984, Morgan Kaufmann has published content on information technology, computer architecture, data management, computer networking, computer systems, human computer interaction, computer graphics, multimedia information and systems, artificial intelligence, computer security, and software engineering. Morgan Kaufmann's audience includes the research and development communities, information technology (IS/IT) managers, and students in professional degree programs.
The company was founded in 1984 by publishers Michael B. Morgan and William Kaufmann and computer scientist Nils Nilsson. It was held privately until 1998, when it was acquired by Harcourt General and became an imprint of the Academic Press, a subsidiary of Harcourt. Since 2001 it is an imprint of the Science and Technology division of the Elsevier publisher.Nuance Communications
Nuance is a U.S. based multinational computer software technology corporation, headquartered in Burlington, Massachusetts, United States on the outskirts of Boston, that provides speech recognition, and artificial intelligence. Current business products focus on server and embedded speech recognition, telephone call steering systems, automated telephone directory services, and medical transcription software and systems. The company also maintains a small division which does software and system development for military and government agencies based in Westborough, Massachusetts, allegedly called Twined (Previously marked by a large wooden sign that has been removed).
Nuance merged with its competitor in the commercial large-scale speech application business, ScanSoft, in October 2005. ScanSoft was a Xerox spin-off that was bought in 1999 by Visioneer, a hardware and software scanner company, which adopted ScanSoft as the new merged company name. The original ScanSoft had its roots in Kurzweil Computer Products.Peter Carruthers (figure skater)
Peter W. Carruthers (born July 22, 1959) is a former American pair ice skater and a television skating analyst.
Carruthers and his adopted sister, Kitty, are the 1984 Olympic Silver medalists, the 1982 World Bronze medalists, and four-time United States National champions from 1981 to 1984.Roderick MacKinnon
Roderick MacKinnon (born 19 February 1956) is a professor of Molecular Neurobiology and Biophysics at Rockefeller University who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry together with Peter Agre in 2003 for his work on the structure and operation of ion channels.Sun Microsystems Laboratories
Oracle Labs (formerly Sun Microsystems Laboratories, or Sun Labs) is a research and development branch of Oracle Corporation. The labs were created when Oracle acquired Sun Microsystems. Sun Labs was established in 1990 by Ivan Sutherland and Robert Sproull. The initial locations were in Menlo Park, California and Burlington, Massachusetts, United States.
Oracle Labs has locations in Redwood Shores, California, Burlington, Massachusetts, Cambridge UK, Brisbane Australia, Vienna Austria, Zurich Switzerland and Casablanca Morocco.
Municipalities and communities of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
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