The Burkan-1 (Arabic 1 بركان) or Volcano-1 (also spelled as Borkan 1 and Burqan 1) is a mobile short-range ballistic missile used by the Houthis in Yemen. It is related to the Scud missile family.
| Burkan 1 |
|Place of origin||
Yemen or Iran|
September 2, 2016|
Houthis in Yemen|
7,300 kilograms (16,000 lb)|
12.5 metres (41 ft)|
0.88 metres (2.9 ft)|
500 kilograms (1,100 lb) conventional high-explosive|
800 kilometres (500 mi)|
Houthi forces unveiled the Burkan-1 when it was fired on 2 September 2016. According to Saudi Arabia, the missile and related Volcano H-2 are of Iranian origin, with USAF Lt. General Jeffrey L. Harrigian, Commander, Air Force's Central Command in Qatar, agreeing.
The Burkan-1 is a member of the Scud family. Analysts identify it as being based on either the Scud-B or Scud-D missile. Its range is greater than the Soviet-made Scuds Yemen possessed as of 2015, suggesting that the missile is not of Yemeni origin. Elements of the missile's design — including the inertial guidance system, fins, and control surfaces — are identical to those of the Qiam 1, leading several analysts and the U.S. State Department to believe that the missile is an Iranian-made Qiam 1. The Burkan-1 carries a warhead weighing more than 1,100 pounds (500 kg).
The Burkan-1 was first fired on 2 September 2016, aimed at King Fahad Air Base in Taif, with Houthi sources claiming a successful hit but Saudi Arabia claiming there was no damage. On 27 October 2016, another missile was fired, but destroyed in mid-air by a Saudi Patriot missile before reaching its target. According to the Saudi-led coalition the target was Mecca, but according to the Houthis the target was King Abdulaziz International Airport, near Jeddah. On 28 July 2017, another missile was fired on a similar trajectory and intercepted in mid-air, leading to Saudi Arabia again claiming the target was Mecca and the Houthis claiming the target was King Fahad Air Base.
- ^ a b Yemenis unveil 'new' Burkan-1 ballistic missile. Binnie, Jeremy. September 7, 2016. IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. http://www.janes.com/article/63468/yemenis-unveil-new-burkan-1-ballistic-missile. Archived at https://web.archive.org/web/20170731043623/http://www.janes.com/article/63468/yemenis-unveil-new-burkan-1-ballistic-missile. Accessed November 6, 2017.
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- ^ a b c Gambrell, Jon (November 10, 2017). "US Air Force official: Missile targeting Saudis was Iranian". AP. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
- ^ "Saudis accuse Iran of 'direct aggression' over Yemen missile". BBC. November 7, 2017. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
- ^ Carlino, Ludovico (July 26, 2017). "Incremental improvements in Houthi militants' ballistic missile campaign increase risk to assets in central Saudi Arabia". Jane's IHS. Retrieved November 11, 2017.
- ^ "Press Release: Ambassador Haley on Weapons of Iranian Origin Used in Attack on Saudi Arabia". United States Mission to the United Nations. 7 November 2017.
- ^ "Missiles fired from rebel-held Yemen land near US destroyer". Chicago Tribune. October 10, 2016. Retrieved November 11, 2017.
- ^ "Yemen's Houthis launch missile toward Saudi holy city, coalition says". Reuters. October 27, 2016. Retrieved November 11, 2017.
- ^ "Saudi coalition downs Yemeni rebel missile near Mecca". France24. July 31, 2017. Retrieved November 11, 2017.
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