Bundi

Bundi is a town in the Hadoti region of Rajasthan state in northwest India. It is of particular architectural note for its ornate forts, palaces, and stepwell reservoirs known as baoris. It is the administrative headquarters of Bundi District. Bundi has many temples, so it is called "Chhoti Kashi" (Little Varanasi).

Bundi
city
Panoramic view of the old town and palace of Bundi.
Panoramic view of the old town and palace of Bundi.
Bundi is located in Rajasthan
Bundi
Bundi
Location in Rajasthan, India
Bundi is located in India
Bundi
Bundi
Bundi (India)
Coordinates: 25°26′N 75°38′E / 25.44°N 75.64°ECoordinates: 25°26′N 75°38′E / 25.44°N 75.64°E
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictBundi
Named forBunda Meena (tribal leader)
Elevation
268 m (879 ft)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
323001
ISO 3166 codeRJ-IN
Vehicle registrationRJ-08
Sex ratio922 /
Websitebundi.rajasthan.gov.in

Geography

The town of Bundi is situated 35 km from Kota and 210 km from Jaipur. It is located at 25°26′N 75°38′E / 25.44°N 75.64°E and an average elevation of 268 metres (879 feet). The city lies near a narrow gorge, and is surrounded on three sides by hills of the Aravalli Range. A substantial wall with four gateways encircles the city. It is served by Bundi railway station on Kota-Chittorgarh rail line. Bundi is also known as "Choti Kashi" as there are many old temples in the city, which has been built by kings at their reign.

Demographics

In the 2011 Indian census,[1] Bundi had a population of 1,03,286. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Bundi has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 75% and female literacy of 57%. 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

BundiAlley

An alley in the old town. Many of Bundi's houses are painted blue.

Street scene from Bundi, Rajasthan

Street scene from Bundi, Rajasthan.

Lady in Bundi, Rajasthan

Lady in Bundi, 1986.

Mother and child in Bundi, Rajasthan

Mother and child in Bundi, 1986.

History

Bundi palace
View of Bundi Fort and Palace from the Highway.

Stone Age tools dating from 5,000 to 2,00,000 years were found in Bundi and Bhilwara districts of the state.[2]

In ancient times, the area around Bundi was apparently inhabited by various local tribes. Bundi and the eponymous princely state are said to derive their names from a former Meena tribe man(Sardar/king) called Bunda Meena. Bundi was previously called "Bunda-Ka-Nal", Nal meaning "narrow ways". Later the region was governed by Rai Deva Hada, who took over Bundi from Jaita Meena in 1342, and established a princely state Bundi, renaming the surrounding area called Hadoti, the land of great Hada Rajputs.

Bundi came under the Sisodia Rajputs of Mewar and the Hada rulers were their vassals until 1568, when Rai Surjan Singh submitted to Akbar after the fall of Ranthambore.

Tourist attractions

Bundi - Deckenmalerei im Garh Palace
Original paintings in Bundi Palace (visiting Sept. 2004)

Forts and palaces

  • Taragarh Fort, or Star Fort, is the most impressive of the city's structures. It was constructed in 1354 on the top of a steep hillside overlooking the city. The largest of its battlements is the 16th century bastion known as the Bhim Burj, on which was once mounted a particularly large cannon called Garbh Gunjam, or 'Thunder from the Womb'. The fort is a popular tourist viewpoint of the city below. The fort contains three tanks which never dry up. The technique with which they were built has been long since lost but the tanks survive as a testament to the advanced methods of construction and engineering in medieval India.
  • Bundi Palace is situated on the hillside adjacent to the Taragarh Fort and is notable for its lavish traditional murals and frescoes. The Chitrashala (picture gallery) of the palace is open to the general public.
  • The Nawal Sagar is a large square-shaped artificial lake in the centre of Bundi containing many small islets. A temple dedicated to Varuna, the vedic god of water, stands half-submerged in the middle of the lake. the lake feeds the numerous bavdis in the old city by creating an artificial water table
  • Sukh Mahal is a cream-coloured palace that sits on the water bank. Rudyard Kipling stayed there and claimed that the palace inspired his novel Kim
  • Chaurasi Khambon ki Chhatri, Bundi or Eighty four pillared cenotaph

Stepwells

There are over 50 stepwells in Bundi, of which only a handful have been maintained. They used to be the only source of water for the town until a piped water system was introduced. After that, these stepwells were abandoned and the monuments fell into disrepair. Most of the former stepwells inside the town have become refuse dumps, and are slipping out of the public consciousness.

The Raniji ki Baori is a noted and well-maintained stepwell, some 46 metres (151 ft) deep. It was built in 1699 by Rani Nathavatji. The steps built into the sides of the water-well made water accessible even when at a very low level. The baori is one of the largest examples of its kind in Rajasthan.

The Nagar Sagar twin step wells are identical step wells crafted in masonry on either side of the main spine of the town. The Dabhai Kund, also known as the Jail Kund, is the largest of the stepwells and, although slightly overgrown, still shows carvings on the numerous steps leading down to water level.

Murals

Murals in the typical Rajasthani Hadoti miniature style are an important attraction in the Garh Palace. They cover the walls, ceilings and niches in several of the pavilions or "mahals", depicting stories from the life of Krishna as well as scenes from the lives of the royalty. They have significant artistic and decorative values. The Ummed Bhavan "Chitrashala" (also in the Garh Palace, i.e. the palace premises within the Bundi fort) have especially notable murals.

Rock art

There are nearly 100 rock art sites in and around the town, some dating back 5000 to 7000 years. They have been discovered by a local enthusiast in the sandstone escarpments and caves. These show up the typical line drawings of wild buffalo, deer, tiger, etc. as well as humans in different postures that depict the typical lives and concerns of human beings of the period.

Satur national geological monument

Great Boundary Fault at Satur at nearby Satur has been declared the National Geological Monuments of India by the Geological Survey of India (GSI), for their protection, maintenance, promotion and enhancement of geotourism.[3][4][5]

References

  1. ^ "Bundi Tehsil Population - Bundi, Rajasthan". CensusIndia2011. Archived from the original on 2019-01-24. Retrieved 2019-01-24.
  2. ^ Pillai, Geetha Sunil (28 February 2017), "Stone age tools dating back 2,00,000 years found in Rajasthan", The Times of India
  3. ^ National Geological Monument, from Geological Survey of India website
  4. ^ "Geo-Heritage Sites". pib.nic.in. Press Information Bureau. 2016-03-09. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  5. ^ national geo-heritage of India, INTACH

Further reading

  • Beny, Roland; Matheson, Sylvia A. (1984). Rajasthan – Land of Kings. London: Frederick Muller. p. 200 pages. ISBN 0-584-95061-6.
  • Crump, Vivien; Toh, Irene (1996). Rajasthan (hardback). London: Everyman Guides. p. 400 pages. ISBN 1-85715-887-3.
  • Martinelli, Antonio; Michell, George (2005). The Palaces of Rajasthan. London: Frances Lincoln. p. 271 pages. ISBN 978-0-7112-2505-3.
  • Sodhi, Jiwan (1999). A Study of Bundi School of Painting (hardback). India: Abhinav Publications. ISBN 81-7017-347-7.

External links

Battle of Mandsaur

The Battle of Mandsaur took place in Mandsaur, India between the Maratha Empire troops, commanded by Malharrao Holkar, and Jaisingh of Amber, in which Jaisingh was defeated in February, 1733. Malhar Rao Holkar then conquered Bundelkhand and Bundi.

Boondi

Boondi (Rajasthani: बूंदी,Urdu: بوندی‬‎, bundi) or Bundiya (Bengali: বুন্দিয়া) is an Indian dessert made from sweetened, fried chickpea flour. Being very sweet, it can only be stored for a week or so. Due to the need for preserving food in arid regions of Rajasthan, boondi laddu are preferred. There is also a savory version, called Khara or Tikha.

To make boondi laddu, fried boondi is dipped in sugar syrup.

Budhpura

Budhpura is a census town in Bundi district in the state of Rajasthan, India.

Bundi, Iran

Bundi (Persian: بوندي‎, also Romanized as Būndī; also known as Bondī) is a village in Talang Rural District, Talang District, Qasr-e Qand County, Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 182, in 36 families.

Bundi State

Bundi State was ruled by Hada Chauhans. Chauhan rajput have this branches (Hada,khichi,songra,Nirban,Devda or deora).

It was a princely state in the era of British India, when its relations with the British were managed by the Rajputana Agency. The last ruler of Bundi State signed the accession to join the Indian Union in 1949.

The Haraoti-Tonk Agency, with headquarters at Deoli, dealt with the states of Tonk and Bundi, as well as with the state of Shahpura.

Bundi district

Bundi District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The town of Bundi is the district headquarters. It has an area of 5,550 km² and a population of 1,113,725 (2011 census). It is divided into 5 tehsils which are: Bundi, Hin doli, Nainwa,

Keshoraipatan and Indragarh.

Bundi railway station

Bundi railway station is a railway station serving Bundi town, in Bundi district of Rajasthan State of India. It is under Kota railway division of West Central Railway Zone of Indian Railways. It is located on Kota-Chittorgarh line of the Indian Railways.

Hada Chauhan

Hada/Handa are a branch of the Chauhan community. They claim descent from the mythological Solar dynasty. They live in Hadoti and once ruled the states of Bundi, Jhalawar and Kota.

Hadoti

Hadoti is a region of Rajasthan state in western India. which was once called the

Bundi Kingdom, is a region of Rajasthan state in western India. The biggest cities are Baran and Kota. It includes the districts of Bundi, Baran, Jhalawar and

Kota, and is bounded on the west by the Mewar, on the northwest by Ajmer regions of Rajasthan, and on the south by the

Malwa, on the east by the Gird regions of Madhya Pradesh state..

Indragarh

Indergarh is a city and a municipality in Bundi district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. There is a famous Temple of Bijasan Mata situated here and every year in Navaratri huge numbers of people come here. The temple is surrounded by the Aravali range.

Kapren

Kapren is a city and a municipality in Bundi district in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

Katar (dagger)

The katar or katara, is a type of push dagger from the Indian subcontinent. The weapon is characterised by its H-shaped horizontal hand grip which results in the blade sitting above the user's knuckles. Unique to the Indian subcontinent, it is the most famous and characteristic of Indian daggers. Ceremonial katars were also used in worship.

Keshoraipatan

Keshoraipatan is a city located in the state of Rajasthan, India. The town is famous for the temple of Keshav Rai Ji Maharaj or Lord Vishnu which lies on banks of the Chambal River.

The town is 20 km from the well known education hub of India, Kota.

Mratunjaya Mahadev temple is another important shrine of the town. The temple is one of the oldest temples of Rajasthan. There is an old Jain temple too. Kalyanrai temple is old temple of Keshavraiji. Here is a Teela (Knoll in English) where coins and many ancient things are found. There is "pandav shala" also located here. It is said that in exile period Pandavs came here.

Kartik Poornima, Bundi Utsav, Taijaji Ki Ghodi and Dhol Gyaras are some famous festivals in Keshoraipatan. Many devotees take a bath in the Chambal River during Kartik poornima.

Kota State

Kota State, also known as Kotah State, was a state in India, centered on the city of Kota, now located in Rajasthan State of the India.

The town of Kota was once the part of the erstwhile Rajput kingdom of Bundi. It became a separate princely state in the 17th century. The state belonged to the Kotah-Jhalawar Agency which had headquarters at Kota and was a subdivision of the Rajputana Agency.

Kota district

Kota District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The city of Kota is the administrative headquarters of the district.

During the period around 12th century AD, Rao Deva, a Hada Chieftain conquered the territory and founded Bundi and Hadoti. In the early 17th century AD, during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir, the ruler of Bundi -Rao Ratan Singh, gave the smaller principality of Kota to his son, Madho Singh. Since then Kota became a hallmark of the Rajput gallantry and culture. In Pre Independence days social activist Guru Radha Kishan worked here along with other prominent freedom fighters and organised people against insane policies of the government. He left Kota after local administration came to know about the arrest warrant issued against him for his activities for freedom movement.

The district is bounded on the north by Bundi District, on the east by Baran District, on the south by Jhalawar District, and on the west by Chittorgarh District. It is renowned for its IIT JEE preparation as well as medical exams preparation . It is now the hub of educational institutions and is home to Asia's biggest manufacturer of fertilizer.

Further, Kota is surrounded by four power stations within its 50 km radius. First is Rajasthan atomic power plant which is an atomic power plant and is very near to Kota at a place called Rawatbhata and is situated at a place called Rawatbhata in the Chittorgarh District. Second is Kota Thermal Power plant which generates power from coal and is situated at the bank of Chambal river and is within Kota city. Third is Anta Gas Power plant which generates power from gas and is situated at a place called Anta in the Baran District. and the fourth is Jawahar Sagar Power plant which is hydraulic power plant.

Lakheri

Lakheri () is a town and municipality in Bundi district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located in the southeast of Rajasthan, around 180 kilometres (112 mi) south of the state capital, Jaipur. Lakheri has been a subdivision headquarters since 2002. Garima Lata (RAS) is the deputy collector and magistrate of Lakheri subdivision. It is the second largest city in the district, after Bundi.

Surrounded mostly by agricultural lands and villages, the most distinct feature of Lakheri is a cement manufacturing unit of Associated Cement Companies Ltd. (ACC). This plant is the longest-running cement plant in Asia having opened in 1912–1913. With the passage of time the plant has undergone expansions to incorporate the latest technology in cement production.

The latest expansion project was completed in April 2007. The managing director of ACC, in an interview with a private news channel, has predicted a 12–15% rise in cement production from the Lakheri plant.

Nainwa

Nainwan is a tehsil of Bundi district and a municipality in the Hadoti region of the state of Rajasthan in India.

Robert Dill-Bundi

Robert Dill (born 18 November 1958) is a racing cyclist from Switzerland. He competed for Switzerland in the 1980 Summer Olympics held in Moscow, Soviet Union in the individual pursuit event where he finished in first place.

Tonk district

Tonk District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The city of Tonk is the administrative headquarters of the district. The district is bounded on the north by Jaipur district, on the east by Sawai Madhopur district, on the southeast by Kota district, on the south by Bundi district, on the southwest by Bhilwara district, and on the west by Ajmer district.

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