Bump Hadley

Irving Darius Hadley (July 5, 1904 – February 15, 1963) was an American Major League Baseball pitcher. Born in Lynn, Massachusetts, he played the major leagues for the Washington Senators (1926–31 and 1935), Chicago White Sox (1932), St. Louis Browns (1932–34), New York Yankees (1936–40), New York Giants (1941), and Philadelphia Athletics (1941).

Bump Hadley
BumpHadleyGoudeycard
Pitcher
Born: July 5, 1904
Lynn, Massachusetts
Died: February 15, 1963 (aged 58)
Lynn, Massachusetts
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 20, 1926, for the Washington Senators
Last MLB appearance
September 16, 1941, for the Philadelphia Athletics
MLB statistics
Win–loss record161–165
Earned run average4.24
Strikeouts1,318
Teams
Career highlights and awards

Early life

Hadley was born on July 5, 1904 to Irving A. and Effie B. Hadley in Lynn, Massachusetts. Irving A. Hadley was a successful Boston lawyer and it was expected that his son would follow him in the profession.[1] Hadley attended Lynn English High School, where earned letters in baseball, basketball, track, rowing, and football. He set an interscholastic shot-put record and excelled as a punter on the school's football team.[2] As a member of the school's baseball team, Hadley threw a no-hitter against Chelsea High School.[3] On May 3, 1923 he struck out a North Shore League record 21 batters in a one-hit shutout against Chelsea.[4] He went on to attend Mercersburg Academy. Hadley started out as Mercersburg's third baseman, but moved to the mound after the team's pitcher dropped out of school. On June 4, 1924, Hadley threw a perfect game against the State Forestry School in which he struck out 26 of 27 batters he retired.[1]

After Mercersburg, Hadley attended Brown University. He left the school during his sophomore year after being ruled academically ineligible for the upcoming baseball season and signed with East Douglas in the independent Blackstone Valley League, where he went 17–2.[5][6]

Professional career

Washington Senators

Hadley made his major league debut on April 30, 1926 against the New York Yankees. In 3 innings of relief, Hadley gave up 6 hits, 2 walks, and 4 earned runs. Hadley was demoted to the Birmingham Barons, where he posted a 14–7 record with a 3.83 earned-run average.[1] In the spring of 1927, Hadley contracted mumps, which led him receiving the nickname "Bumps" (later shortened to "Bump").[6] He became the team's #3 starter that year and compiled a 14–6 record with a 2.85 ERA.[1] In 1928, Hadley missed several weeks due to appendicitis.[7] He finished the season with a 12–13 record and a 3.54 ERA. On September 3, 1928, he surrendered Ty Cobb's final career hit. Hadley struggled in 1929, going 6–16 with a 5.62 ERA. He improved the following year with a 15–11 record.[1] In 1931, Senators Manager Walter Johnson elected to use Hadley as a starter for home games only, as he felt that Hadley did not do well on the road.[8] Hadley made a league leading 55 appearances that season (11 starts and 44 relief appearances). He went 11–10, with an improved ERA of 3.06. He also tallied seven saves.[1] That season, Yankees manager Joe McCarthy offered Tony Lazzeri to the Senators for Hadley and infielder Jackie Hayes.[9] The trade did not take place, however, as Clark Griffith wanted Buddy Myer instead of Hayes. Instead, Hadley was traded to the Chicago White Sox after the season with Hayes and Sad Sam Jones for John Kerr and Carl Reynolds.[1]

St. Louis Browns

After making three appearances for the White Sox, Hadley was traded to the St. Louis Browns for Red Kress. Hadley finished the 1932 season and the American League leader in losses (21), earned runs allowed (149), walks (171), and hit batters (8). In 1933, Hadley went 15–20 with a 3.92 ERA while pitching a league-leading 316⅔ innings. He finished the following season with a 10–16 record.[1]

Return to Senators

On January 19, 1935, Hadley was traded to the Senators for catcher Luke Sewell and cash. He posted a 10–15 record with a 4.92 ERA in his return to Washington.[1]

New York Yankees

On January 17, 1936, Washington traded Hadley and Roy Johnson to the Yankees for Jimmie DeShong and Jess Hill. Hadley was given a spot in the starting rotation by Manager Joe McCarthy. He went 14–4 for the Yankees en route to the team's first AL pennant since 1932.[1] In Game 3 of the 1936 World Series, Hadley gave up 11 hits, but only one run in a 2 to 1 victory over the New York Giants.[3] The Yankees went on to win the series in six games. On May 25, 1937, Hadley hit Detroit Tigers catcher Mickey Cochrane in the head with a pitch.[1] The pitch fractured Cochrane's skull, which ended his playing career.[3] Hadley insisted that he had not hit Cochrane on purpose. Cochrane and his teammates also absolved Hadley from blame. The Yankees returned to the World Series that year and Hadley started (and lost) game four, but the Yankees won the series four games to one. Hadley was moved to the bullpen early on in 1938, but eventually returned to the stating rotation. He finished the year with a 9–8 record and a 3.60 ERA. The Yankees won their third consecutive championship by sweeping the Chicago Cubs in the 1938 World Series, however Hadley was not included on the World Series roster. Hadley finished the 1939 season 12–6, with a 2.98 ERA. He won game three of the 1939 World Series after pitching eight innings out of the bullpen. The Yankees went on to win the series the following game. Hadley faltered in 1940, going 3–5, with a 5.74 ERA. The team slipped as well, falling to third place in the American League.[1]

Giants and Athletics

On December 31, 1940, Hadley was sold to the New York Giants. It was the first transaction between the two rival clubs.[1] After making only one appearance with the Giants, Hadley's contract was purchased by the Yankees. However, a day later his contract was sold to the Philadelphia Athletics. According to Shirley Povich of the Washington Post the move was made because "Hadley is on the payroll of the American League publicity department as exhibiting for its official movie film, and the National League would scarcely permit one of its pitchers to promote good-will for the AL".[10]

Personal life

On November 2, 1927, Hadley married Jessie Gibbs at The First Baptist Church of the City of Washington, D.C. The two first met when they attended Lynn English High School.[11] The couple had two children and by the 1940s were residing in Swampscott, Massachusetts.[2]

Retirement

Hadley retired after the 1941 season and returned to Massachusetts. In 1942, he played for a Lynn semipro team and pitched a four-hit shutout against the Boston Braves in an exhibition game benefiting the war-effort.[3]

In 1942 he began hosting a sports show for WBZ radio. In 1948 he became the sports director for WBZ-TV, where he served as an announcer for the Boston Red Sox, Boston Braves, and Boston Bruins.[12] He later worked as a paint salesman, represented a fuel oil company, and sold office equipment.[1] He was also a New England scout for the New York Yankees. On February 15, 1963, Hadley died of heart attack at Lynn Hospital.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Vitty, Cort. "Bump Hadley". Society for American Baseball Research (SABR). Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  2. ^ a b Sullivan, Elizabeth (October 5, 1947). "His "Hobby Room Envy of Sports Fans [sic]". The Boston Daily Globe.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Bump Hadley Dies at 58, Ex-Yank Great, of Lynn". The Boston Globe. February 16, 1963.
  4. ^ "Hadley Fans 21, Allows One Hit". The Boston Daily Globe. May 4, 1923.
  5. ^ "Brown's 1926 Football Leader and Star Pitcher Ineligible". The Boston Daily Globe. February 9, 1926.
  6. ^ a b "Believe East Douglas Star Will Develop Into Another Big Train". Fitchburg Sentinel. September 27, 1927.
  7. ^ "Appendicitis Puts Out "Bump" Hadley". The Boston Daily Globe. March 4, 1928.
  8. ^ "Nat Hurler "Home Boy"". The Boston Daily Globe. June 4, 1931.
  9. ^ Sarnoff, Gary (2009). The Wrecking Crew. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
  10. ^ Povich, Shirley (February 2, 1941). Washington Post. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ "Irving Hadley of Senators to Marry Miss Jessie Gibbs". The Boston Daily Globe. September 28, 1927.
  12. ^ "WBZ-TV to Televise Bruins' Home Games". The Boston Daily Globe. September 25, 1949.

External links

1928 Washington Senators season

The 1928 Washington Senators won 75 games, lost 79, and finished in fourth place in the American League. They were managed by Bucky Harris and played home games at Griffith Stadium.

1932 Chicago White Sox season

The 1932 Chicago White Sox season was the White Sox's 32nd season in the major leagues, and their 33rd season overall. They finished with a record 49–102, good enough for seventh place in the American League, 56.5 games behind the first place New York Yankees. The 1932 season was their worst ever (by winning percentage).

1932 St. Louis Browns season

The 1932 St. Louis Browns season involved the Browns finishing 6th in the American League with a record of 63 wins and 91 losses.

1934 St. Louis Browns season

The 1934 St. Louis Browns season involved the Browns finishing 6th in the American League with a record of 67 wins and 85 losses.

1935 Washington Senators season

The 1935 Washington Senators won 67 games, lost 86, and finished in sixth place in the American League. They were managed by Bucky Harris and played home games at Griffith Stadium.

1936 New York Yankees season

The 1936 New York Yankees season was the team's 34th season in New York and its 36th season overall. The team finished with a record of 102–51, winning their 8th pennant, finishing 19.5 games ahead of the Detroit Tigers. New York was managed by Joe McCarthy. The Yankees played at Yankee Stadium. In the World Series, they beat the New York Giants in 6 games.

1936 World Series

The 1936 World Series matched the New York Yankees against the New York Giants, with the Yankees winning in six games to earn their fifth championship.

The Yankees played their first World Series without Babe Ruth and their first with Joe DiMaggio, Ruth having been released by the Yankees after the 1934 season. He retired in 1935 as a member of the Boston Braves.

1937 New York Yankees season

The 1937 New York Yankees season was their 35th season. The team finished with a record of 102–52, winning their 9th pennant, finishing 13 games ahead of the Detroit Tigers. New York was managed by Joe McCarthy. The Yankees played at Yankee Stadium. In the World Series, they beat the New York Giants in 5 games. This gave the Yankees a 3-to-2 edge in overall series play against the Giants.

1937 saw significant changes in the layout of Yankee Stadium, as concrete bleachers were built to replace the aging wooden structure, reducing the cavernous "death valley" of left center and center considerably, although the area remained a daunting target for right-handed power hitters such as Joe DiMaggio.

1937 World Series

The 1937 World Series featured the defending champion New York Yankees and the New York Giants in a rematch of the 1936 Series. The Yankees won in five games, for their second championship in a row and their sixth in fifteen years (1923, 1927–28, 1932, 1936).

This was the Yankees' third Series win over the Giants (1923, 1936), finally giving them an overall edge in Series wins over the Giants with three Fall Classic wins to the Giants' two (after they lost the 1921 and 1922 Series to the Giants). Currently (as of 2018), the St. Louis Cardinals are the only "Classic Eight" National League (1900–1961) team to hold a Series edge over the Bronx Bombers, with three wins to the Yankees' two. The 1937 victory by the Yankees also broke a three-way tie among themselves, the Philadelphia Athletics and the Boston Red Sox for the most World Series wins all-time (five each). By the time the Athletics and Red Sox won their sixth World Series (in 1972 and 2004, respectively), the Yankees had far outpaced them in world championships with 20 in 1972 and 26 in 2004.

The 1937 Series was the first in which a team (in this case, the Yankees) did not commit a single error, handling 179 total chances (132 putouts, 47 assists) perfectly. Game 4 ended with the final World Series innings ever pitched by Hall of Famer Carl Hubbell who, during the ninth inning, gave up Hall of Famer Lou Gehrig's final Series home run.

1938 New York Yankees season

The 1938 New York Yankees season was their 36th season. The team finished with a record of 99–53, winning their 10th pennant, finishing 9.5 games ahead of the Boston Red Sox. New York was managed by Joe McCarthy. The Yankees played their home games at Yankee Stadium. In the 1938 World Series, they beat the Chicago Cubs in 4 games. This marked the first time any team had won three consecutive World Series.

1939 New York Yankees season

The 1939 New York Yankees season was the team's 37th season in New York, and its 39th overall. The team finished with a record of 106–45, winning their 11th pennant, finishing 17 games ahead of the Boston Red Sox. New York was managed by Joe McCarthy. The Yankees played their home games at Yankee Stadium. In the World Series, they beat the Cincinnati Reds in 4 games. This marked the first time any team had won four consecutive World Series and the first season for the team's radio gameday broadcasts.

1939 World Series

The 1939 World Series featured the three-time defending champion New York Yankees against the Cincinnati Reds, who were making their first Series appearance since winning the scandal-tainted 1919 World Series. The Yankees swept the Series in four games for the second straight year, winning their record fourth consecutive title (they would later win five straight from 1949 to 1953). Yankee manager Joe McCarthy won his fifth title, tying the record held by Philadelphia Athletics manager Connie Mack.

In the 10th inning of the final game, a famous play at the plate typified the Series. "King Kong" Charlie Keller scored when he and the ball both collided with catcher "Schnoz" Ernie Lombardi, and then Joe DiMaggio also scored while Lombardi, rolling on the ground, tried in vain to retrieve the ball. Lombardi had been smacked in the groin, but the puritanical press reported it as Lombardi "napping" at the plate.

The Yankees matched the Reds in hits with 27, but out-homered them 7 to 0 and out-scored them 20-8. Keller led the Yanks with seven hits, three home runs, six RBI, eight runs scored, a .438 average and a 1.188 slugging percentage. Both teams played sterling defense for most of the series until the ninth inning of Game 4. Up until then the Reds matched the Yankees with committing just one error for the series. But Cincinnati committed a total of three errors in the ninth and 10th innings of Game 4 which led to five unearned runs, sealing the New York sweep.

Keller broke the record for most homers by a rookie in a World Series game with two in Game 3. Also in Game 3, Junior Thompson gave up five hits in ​4 2⁄3 innings worked. Four of the five were home runs, tying the record for long balls allowed during a Series game set by the Cubs' Charlie Root in 1932.

Despite the loss, the Reds were an organization on the rise, having improved from eighth and last in the National League in 1937 (56–98, .364) to fourth in '38 (82–68, .547) and first as NL champions in '39. Ironically, despite being dominated by the Bronx Bombers in the 1939 Series, the Reds would return in 1940 to win the World Series while the Yankees finished behind Detroit and Cleveland in the AL pennant race, snapping their consecutive World Series streak at four.

At a cumulative time of seven hours and five minutes, the 1939 World Series is one of the shortest World Series in real time, and was shorter than the third game of the 2018 World Series that lasted 7 hours, 20 minutes and was 18 innings long.

1940 New York Yankees season

The 1940 New York Yankees season was the team's 38th season in New York and its 40th overall. The team finished in third place with a record of 88–66, finishing two games behind the American League champion Detroit Tigers and one game behind the second-place Cleveland Indians. New York was managed by Joe McCarthy. Their home games were played at the Yankee Stadium.

1941 Philadelphia Athletics season

The 1941 Philadelphia Athletics season involved the A's finishing 8th in the American League with a record of 64 wins and 90 losses.

1950 Boston Braves season

The 1950 Boston Braves season was the 80th season of the franchise. During the season, Sam Jethroe became the first black player in the history of the Braves.

Bruce Campbell (baseball)

Bruce Campbell (October 20, 1909 – June 17, 1995) was an American professional baseball right fielder from 1930 to 1942. Campbell began his Major League Baseball (MLB) career with the Chicago White Sox, but had very little playing time in the major leagues. In 1932, Campbell was traded from the White Sox to the St. Louis Browns, with Bump Hadley, for Red Kress. In St. Louis, Campbell was a starting outfielder, and performed well, driving in 106 runs in 1933. In the 1935 season, Campbell played with the Cleveland Indians, after being traded for multiple players and cash. In Cleveland, Campbell hit for considerably higher averages than he had in St. Louis, although injuries limited his playing time.

On July 2, 1936, as a member of the Indians, Campbell went 7-7 in a doubleheader against the St. Louis Browns. In the first game, he went 6-6 with 5 RBI in a 14-6 win. In the second game, he singled in one at-bat, then left the game.

In January 1940, the Indians traded Campbell to the Detroit Tigers for Beau Bell. The trade worked out for Campbell, as the Tigers won the American League pennant, and Campbell played all seven games of the 1940 World Series. Campbell had nine hits, four walks, scored four runs, five runs batted in and a home run in the World Series, with a batting average of .360, on-base percentage of .448 and slugging percentage of .520.

Campbell later played for the Washington Senators. In a 13-season career, he was a .290 hitter with 1,382 hits, 295 doubles, 87 triples, 106 home runs, 759 runs scored, 766 RBI and 53 stolen bases in 1,360 games played. He was named "Most Courageous Athlete of the Year" in 1936 by the Philadelphia sports writers. He was stricken with spinal meningitis in 1935 and given a 50–50 chance of living. Campbell joined the service in World War II and spent 38 months in the Army Air Corps. Campbell returned from the war and played in the minor leagues in 1946 with Buffalo Bisons and Minneapolis Millers at age 36 before retiring.

Bump (nickname)

Bump is a nickname for:

Robert Blackwell (1918–1985), American bandleader, songwriter, arranger and record producer nicknamed "Bumps"

Bump Elliott (born 1925), American football player and coach

Bump Hadley (1904–1963), American Major League Baseball pitcher

Bump Wills (born 1952), American Major League Baseball second basemen

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.